Skip to main content

Full text of "Records of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America .."

See other formats


FROM THE LIBRARY OF 



REV. LOUIS FITZGERALD BENSON, D. D. 



BEQUEATHED BY HIM TO 



THE LIBRARY OF 



PRINCETON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY 



Diyiaiott ^CZ CL 
Sectfott /O^O 






RECORDS (^MAY16 1932 

y^ OF THE 

</y 

Presbyterian Church 



^■\ 



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 

EMBRACING THE 

MINUTES OF THE GENERAL PRESBYTERY AND 
GENERAL SYNOD 

1706-1788 

TOGETHER WITH AN INDEX 



MINUTES OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION FOR 
RELIGIOUS LIBERTY 

1766-1775 



PHILADELPHIA 

PRESBYTERIAN BOARD OF PUBLICATION 

AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK 

1319 WALNUT STREET 

1904 



PREFACE 



These Records embrace tlie following important documents connected 
with the early history of the Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A., 

Minutes of the General Presbytery from A. D. 1706 to 1716; 

Minutes of the General Synod from a. d. 1717 to 1758 ; 

Minutes of the Synod of New York from a. d. 1745 to 1758; and 

Minutes of the Synod of New York and Philadelphia from a. d. 1758 
to 1788. 

The earlier editions were issued in 1841 and 1856, but without an Index. 
The General Synod in 1786 gave expression to the desirability of an Index 
to the manuscript records, but there is no evidence that it ever was pre- 
pared. The Stated Clerk of the General Assembly recently brought the 
matter to the attention of the Assembly, and he was authorized to have 
the Index prepared and published. Through the kind co-operation of the 
Board of Publication and Sunday-School Work, this new edition contain- 
ing the Index is issued, with the addition of the Minutes of the General 
Convention for Religious Liberty, etc , held by delegates from the General 
Synod of the Presbyterian Church and the General Association of the 
Churches of Connecticut, from 1766 to 1775. The volume is a most 
valuable portion of the Historical Records of our Church. 

WM. H. ROBERTS, 

Stated Clerh. 



ADVERTISEMENT. 



For several years past the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church 
in the United States of America, have adopted measures for the full and 
complete publication of their minutes, including those of the Presbytery of 
Philadelphia, during the period that it was the only Presbyterian judicatory 
in the country ; and of the Synods of New York and Philadelphia, during the 
time that they, separated or united, were the highest judicatories known to the 
Church ; thus securing, as far as these records might embody it, a connected 
history of the Presbyterian Church, from its earliest organization in this 
country, to the present time. 

Various difficulties have occurred to defeat the execution of this very desira- 
ble object ; and in May, 1840, the General Assembly directed their Stated 
Clerk to promote the publication, if practicable, through the agency of the 
Presbyterian Board of Publication. The subject was accordingly proposed, and 
the Executive Committee of the Board, with great unanimity, resolved to ad- 
venture at least on the publication of a preliminary volume, embracing the 
earlier records until the period of the organization of the General Assembly; 
with the intention of completing the plan, provided the demand for the work 
should justify them in incurring the heavy expense of such an enterprise. 

The subscriber, being both Stated Clerk of the General Assembly, and 
Editor of the Board of Publication, has been entrusted with the preparation of 
the Minutes for the press. In fulfilment of the duties of his appointment, 
he has thought it advisable to preface the Records with a very brief introduc- 
tion, and to connect the several parts by some explanatory remarks. 

Among the records of the earliest Presbytery and Synod, is a letter-book, 

(iii) 



iv ADVERTISEMENT. 

containing, besides copies of a part of the correspondence of these bodies, 
certain memoranda which should properly have been inserted in the body of 
the minutes. The letters and the memoranda have been appended as notes to 
the minutes under their proper dates, thus giving the history more fulness and 
continuity. 

It must be a subject of gratulation in the Church, that by this publication 
the early records of the Church, which were in danger of perishing, have 
been secured in a permanent form; and it is to be hoped, that the eager de- 
mand for this volume will lead to the completion of the plan, by the 
publication in full of all the Minutes of the General Assembly to the present 

time. 

WILLIAM M. ENGLES. 

Philadelphia, January, 1841. 



EECOEDS 



PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 



PRELIMINARY SKETCH. 



The Presbyterian Churcli assumed its ecclesiastical form in the United 
States, at a date posterior to the establishment of the Puritans, Roman Catho- 
lics, Quakers, and Episcopalians. It is to be presumed that individuals of 
this denomination, in the spirit of personal enterprise, had emigrated at an 
early date of the settlement of the country, and were scattered throughout the 
Colonies ; but they were in no place sufficiently numerous to associate in a con- 
gregational, much less in a presbyterial capacity. The Puritans of New Eng- 
land, and the Quakers of Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey, had emi- 
grated from religious motives ; and as they wished to preserve their distinctive 
religious character in a land far removed from the vexatious evils, to which per- 
secution had subjected them in the place of their birth, they came in large 
numbers, and selected their residence with a view to peaceful religious associa- 
tion. The cause which principally influenced them, had as yet exerted no 
power over the Presbyterians of Scotland and Ireland. In the peaceful enjoy- 
ment of their religious rights, they had no inducement, or rather were com- 
pelled by no necessity, to flee to the uncultivated wilds of America. 

Soon after the restoration of Charles II., however, the Presbyterians of 
Scotland and Ireland were subjected to a persecution, which increased in viru- 
lence in proportion to the resistance which was opposed to a corrupt monarch's 
will. The subversion of the cherished religion of a nation, and the substitution 
of another, which, for many considerations, was particularly obnoxious, could 
not be accomplished without resorting to the most inhuman proscriptions and 
banishments. These attempts to impose Episcopacy on Presbyterians, which 
were relentlessly pursued until the accession of William III., rendered the 
provinces of America a desirable refuge for those who could not, without peril 
of life, cherish their religious preferences in the place of their nativity. ( 

The first churches established in this country under Presbyterian organiza- 
tion were situated in Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. 
In these provinces religious liberty was secured by the original proprietors. 
The following may be considered as an agreeable specimen of the temper 

(V) 



vi PRELIMINARY SKETCH. 

wbicli characterized the laves of these provinces on the subject of religion. It 
is an enactment in relation to Pennsylvania, and is in these veords : — " That 
all persons living in this province, who confess and acknowledge one Almighty 
and Eternal God to be the Creator, Upholder, and lluler of the world, and that 
hold themselves obliged in conscience to live peaceably and justly in civil 
society, shall in noways be molested or prejudiced for their religious persuasion 
or practice, in matters of faith and worship ; nor shall they be compelled, at any 
time, to frequent or maintain any religious worship, place, or ministry, what- 
ever." This recognition of religious liberty had great influence upon those who 
had recently experienced the horrors of intolerance; in selecting these provinces 
for their permanent residence. 

In tracing the history of the first societies which were established for reli- 
gious worship by these emigrants in a new country, and at a period so remote, 
there will necessarily be a difficulty in ascertaining the precise circumstances 
under which they were founded. In some instances the sparseness of the 
population, or the poverty of the people, induced persons of different persua- 
sions to unite their strength, and congregate without an immediate reference to 
denominational organization. This, however, was soon found to be incon- 
venient, and the plan was abandoned as soon as practicable. As accurately 
as it can now be ascertained, the first Presbyterian church in this country was 
organized in Philadelphia, about the year 1GU8 ; and it is probable that the 
churches at Snowhill, Rehoboth, Monokin, and Wicomico, on the eastern shore 
of Maryland, were organized about the same period. 

When the ministers who harmonized in their views of Christian doctrine 
and ecclesiastical government, had become sufficiently numerous, they consti- 
tuted themselves into a Presbytery. In consequence of the irrecoverable loss 
of the first leaf of the Minutes of this body, we are unable to ascertain the 
precise date of their ecclesiastical association; but judging from the first date 
which appears on page 3d of these Ilecords, it must have been about the begin- 
ning of the year 1705. This Presbytery of Philadelphia consisted of seven 
ministers, viz : Francis McKemie, John Hampton, George McNish, Samuel 
Davis, all, from the best accounts, emigrants from Ireland, and exercising their 
ministry on the eastern shore of Maryland j Nathaniel Taylor, from Scotland, 
and settled in Upper Marlborough ; John Wilson, also from Scotland, settled 
in New Castle ; and Jcdediah Andrews, from New England, and settled in 
Philadelphia. To these may be added John Boyd, who was the first person 
ordained by the new Presbyter}-, in 170G, and settled in Freehold, New 
Jersey. 

The Minutes of this body, as being the first Presbyterian judicatory in the 
country, stand first in the order of publication. The abruptness of the com- 
mencement is to be attributed to the loss of the fii'st leaf of the records, to 
which we have before referred. 



CONTENTS. 



PART I. 

MINUTES OF THE PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA, FROM 1706 TO 1717. 9 



PART II. 

MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA, FROM 1717 TO 1758. - 48 



PART III. 

MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF NEW YORK, FROM 1745 TO 1758. - - 233 



PART IV. 

MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF NEW YORK AND PHILADELPHIA, 

FROM 1758 TO 1788. 285 

(vii) 



PART FIEST. 

MINUTES OF THE PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 

FROM THE YEAR 1706 TO THE YEAR 1717. 

1706. 

— De regimine ecdesiee, which being heard was approved of and sustained. 
He gave in also his thesis to be considered of against next sederunt. 

Sederunt 2d. 10 bris. 27. 

Post preces sederunt, Mr. Francis McKemie, Moderator, Messrs. Jedediah 
Andrews, and John Hampton, Ministers. 

Mr. John Boyd performed the other parts of his trials, viz. preached a 
popular sermon on John i. 12 ; defended his thesis ; gave satisfaction as to his 
skill in the languages, and answered to extemporary questions ; all which were 
approved of and sustained. 

Appointed his ordination to be on the next Lord's day, the 29th inst., which 
was accordingly performed in the public meeting house of this place, before a 
numerous assembly j and the next day he had the certificate of his ordination. 

1707. 

March 22d, 1707. 

At a meeting of the Presbytery held at Philadelphia, ^os^^reces se(?en/«/', 
Messrs. John Wilson, Jedediah Andrews, Nathaniel Taylor, George McNish, 
Ministers. Joseph Yard, William Smith, John Gardener, James Stoddard, 
Elders. 

Master John Wilson, by plurality of votes was chosen Moderator, Mr. George 
McNish was chosen Clerk to the Presbytery. 

This day a letter sent by Mr. Samuel Davis to the Presbytery, was presented 
to them ; it being moved by one of the members that the letter might be read, 
it was accordingly read and considered, and Mr. Davis his reasons for excusing 
his absence from this and the preceding meeting of the Presbytery, were not 
sustained by the Presbytery. 

Ordered that the next dyet of the Presbytery be held upon Tuesday, at four 
o'clock, in the afternoon. 

Mr. Francis McKemie and Mr. John Wilson, are appointed to preach upon 
Tuesday, upon the subjects appointed them at the last Presbytery, from Heb. 
i. 1, 2 v., by way of exercise and addition. 

March 25th. 

Post preces sederunt, John Wilson, &c. This day Mr. Francis McKemie and 
Mr. John Wilson delivered their discourses according to appointment, and were 
approved by the Presbytery. 

Ordered, that a letter be writ, and sent to Mr. Samuel Davis in the name of 
the Presbytery, by Master John Wilson, requiring him to be present at our 
next meeting in this place. 

2 (9) 



10 MINUTES OF THE [1708. 

Appointed that the letters sent from the people of Snow Hill in Somerset, be 
read before the Presbytery. 

The letters were accordingly read, and their contents were duly considered by 
the Presbytery. And whereas, the aforesaid people do by their representatives 
and letters earnestly address the Presbytery for their joynt concurrence, and 
assistance in prosecuting their call to Mr. John Hampton, that he may under- 
take the work of the 31inistry among them, as their settled and proper 31iuister 
and Pastor. 

. Ordered by the Presbytery, that the call be sent to Mr. Hampton, by the 
foresaid people, and also, the other paper containing their subscriptions for his 
encouragement to undertake the work of the Ministry among them, be given 
to Mr. Hampton to peruse and consider, which accordingly were given him. 

Ordered, That whereas Mr. Hampton, after his receiving the call to him from 
the people at Snowhill, gave several satisfactory reasons, why he could not at 
this time comply with it; that the said Mr. Hampton may have the call and 
the paper of subscription continued in his hands for his further perusal, till the 
next Presbytery. 

Ordered further, in this affair, that a letter be sent in name of the Presby- 
tery to the people of Snowhill, to encourage their endeavours for a settled 
minister among them, and that Mr. Nathaniel Taylor write the letter expressing 
the mind of the Presbytery, which was accordingly done. 

Appointed that the Presbytery meet to-morrow at ten o'clock, and that Mr. 
Andrews and Mr. John Boyd, prepare some overtures to be considered by the 
Presbytery, for propagating religion in their respective congregations. 

3Iarch 2G th. Post preces sederunt, the moderator, &c. 
Ordered by the Presbytery, that Mr. Francis McKemie write to Scotland, to 

Mr. Alexander Coldin, minister of Oxam, of the Presbytery of , and to 

give an account of the state and circumstances of the dissenting Presbyterian 
interest among the people in and about Lewistown, and to signify the earnest 
desires of that people, for the said Mr. Coldin's coming over to be their minis- 
ter ; and that Mr. McKemie make report of his diligence herein against the 
next Presbytery. 

The Presbytery appoints Mr. John Wilson to write to the Presbytery of 

, to the effect aforesaid, and make report of his care herein against the next 

Presbytery. 

Overtures proposed to the Presbytery and agreed upon, for propagating the 
interest of religion : 

First, That every minister in their respective congregations, read and com- 
ment upon a chapter of the Bible every Lord's day, as discretion and circum- 
stances of time, place, &c., will admit. 

Second over : That it be recommended to every minister of the Presbytery to 
set on foot and encourage private Christian societies. 

Third over : That every minister of the Presbytery supply neighbouring deso- 
late places where a minister is wanting, and opportunity of doing good offers. 

The Presbytery do appoint Mr. Jedediah Andrews and Mr. Nathaniel Taylor, 
to prepare a Presbyterial sermon, each of them to be delivered against the next 
IVesbytery. Mr. Andrews to discourse from Heb. i. chap. 3. v. the//'s^, and 
Mr. Taylor from latter part of the verse. 

Appointed tliat the Presbytery meet upon the first Tuesday of April, 1708, 
at Philadelphia, and this meeting was concluded. 

1708. 

3Iai/ the ISth. 
At a meeting of the Presbytery at Philadelphia, 1708, post preces sederunt, 
Ministers, Messrs. Samuel Davis, John Wilson, Jedediah Andrews, Nathaniel 



1708.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 11 

Taylor^ John Hampton, John Boyd. Elders, Joseph Yard, Bell, Jjhn 

Gray. 

Mr. Samuel Davis was chosen Moderator. 

Ordered by the Presbytery, that Mr. Jedediah Andrews deliver his Presbyte- 
rial exercise to-morrow at 10 of the clock, in the meeting house ; and that Mr. 
Nathaniel Taylor deliver his on Friday next, at 10 of the clock in the morning. 

This day was read before the Presbytery, a letter sent by the people of and about 
White Clay Creek, in New Castle County, importing their desire and petition to 
the Presbytery, to have the ordinances of the gospel administered with more 
convenience and nearness to the place of their abode, for the greater advantage 
and ease to their several families, promising withal due encouragement to the 
minister that shall be appointed thus to supply them. 

Ordered by the Presbytery that this letter be read at the next session, to- 
morrow afternoon, and that another letter from some persons about Apoquinimy 
be considered against the next dyet of the Presbytery at the time aforesaid. 

This day was also read a letter from several persons in the town of New 
Castle, wherein they crave that the people of White Clay Creek may not be 
suffered to set up a meeting house in the country, that their meeting house and 
congregation in New Castle may not be damaged by this rupture of their fellow 
members of White Clay Creek. 

Ordered that this letter be considered by the next session of the Presbytery. 

May 19, Sessione Ida. post preces, &c. 

Mr. Davis satisfied the Presbytery for his absence the former year. 

Ordered by the Presbytery that there be a letter sent to the people of Snow 
Hill, requiring their faithfulness and care in collecting the tobacco promised by 
subscription to Mr. Hampton. 

Ordered that Mr. Wilson, Mr. Andrews, and Mr. Hampton, speak with Mr. 
Joseph Smith, and the people of Cohanzy, about his settlement and ordination. 

Mr. Wilson, Mr. Andrews, and Mr. Hampton, made their report, what it is 
Mr. Smith and the people of Cohanzy desire, viz : That some might be ap- 
pointed to wait upon Mr. Smith and the people of Cohanzy. 

Ordered by the Presbytery that, upon the desire of Mr. Smith and the people 
of Cohanzy, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Andrews, and Mr. Boyd shall wait upon them at 
Cohanzy, in order to his ordination, and the people are to present them a call 
to the said Mr. Smith. 

The trials appointed by the Presbytery to Mr. Smith, an fides solum jmtificet, 
for sermon, John vi. 37, last part of the verse. Mr. Andrews to be moderator, 
and the people are to give three weeks advertisement. 

Ordered that Mr. McNish and Mr. Davis attend Mr. Hampton in the day of 
his inauguration, and Mr. Davis shall preceed. [preside ?] 

Ordered that the Presbytery adjourn till Thursday, at 9 o'clock, forenoon. 

May 20, Sessione Stia. post jjveces, &c. 

Mr. McKemie did, according to his order, write to Mr. Coldin, in Oxam, for 
coming over to the American parts. 

It is further recommended to Mr. Andrews, to take it into his serious con- 
sideration of reading a chapter and making a comment on the same. 

The first overture is complied with by the rest of the ministers. 

The second overture in part practised and hoped in time to be fully complied 
with. 

The third overture complied with and practised by the ministers. 

Mr. Andrews delivered the Presbyterial exercise appointed and was sus- 
tained. ' 



12 MINUTES OF THE [1708. 

Ordered by the Presbytery, that the time appointed for their meeting be in 
no wise prorogued for the future. 

Ordered, That the people of New Castle and the country, should not be di- 
vided by setting up two separate meetings. 

Ordered, that Mr. Wilson preach one Sabbath in New Castle and the other 
in the country ; that Mr. Wilson, once in a month, on a week day, preach to 
the people in Apoquiuimy; and Mr. Hampton is to preach to them as he goes 
home, and Mr. Davis is to preach to them at his return to the nest Presbytery. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hampton write a letter to the people at White Clay Creek 
in answer to their's. 

Ordered, That Mr. McNish write to New Castle, in answer to their letter. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hampton return a verbal answer to the people of Apo- 
quinimy, in answer to tlieir letter. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews, Mr. McNish, and Mr. Boyd, read over the let- 
tors from Woodbridge concerning the differences betwixt that people and Mr. 
Wade, and make a summary report thereof at the next meeting. 

May 20, Post Mend. Sessione 4to. post preces, &c. 

A letter presented by the people of Freehold about the settlement of Mr. 
Boyd is referred till the next meeting. 

The report Mr. Andrews, Mr. McNish, and Mr. Boyd were to make of the 
letters from Woodbridge referred till the next meeting. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson and Mr. Taylor write to the people of Snowhill 
in answer to their letter. 

The meeting adjourned till to-morrow, at three afternoon. 

3Iai/ 21, Post Mcrid. Sessione bta. Precihus peracds. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson write an answer to the people of Freehold's 
letter. 

A letter by Mr. Hampton to the people at Whiteclay Creek read and sus- 
tained. 

Mr. McNish was defective in writing to the people of New Castle, and is to 
write against next sederunt. 

Mr. Wilson and Mr. Taylor were defective in writing to the people of Snow- 
hill, and are to write against the next sederunt. 

Mr. Taylor delivered his Presbyterial exercise, and it was sustained. 

The meeting is adjourned till to-morrow, at 8 o'clock in the morning. 

May 22, post preces, sessione Q)ta. 

Mr. Andrews is ordered to assist Mr. Wilson to write to the people of Free- 
hold against the next meeting. 

Mr. Wilson and Mr. Taylor's letter to the people of Snowhill was read and 
sustained. 

Ordered, That Mr. Boyd shall supply Woodbridge every third Sabbath if 
they desire it, and the Presbytery are to write to the people of Freehold desir- 
ing their consent thereto, and the meeting house shall be the only place of 
meeting or not at all in Woodbridge, but may be at Amboy if the people of 
Woodbridge and Amboy be content; and in the interval, when Mr. Boyd is 
not there, they are advised, if they can see it clear to themselves, to hear Mr. 

Wade. , . . 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews and Mr. Hampton write to the ministers ot 
Connecticut concerninsj the affair of Woodbridge. 

Ordered, That Mr. liavis and Mr. Wilson write to the people of Woodbridge. 



1708.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 13 

Ordered, That Mr. Taylor write to the people of Monokin and Wicomico, 
exciting them to their duty to pay what they promise to Mr. McNish. 

Ordered, That the next meeting be at Philadelphia, the second Tuesday of 
May next. 

Mr. Davis is to have his Presbyterial Exercise the next meeting, upon Heb. i. 
ver. 4th, and Mr. McNish upon verse the 5th. 

Ordered, That the meeting be adjourned till Monday, at 8 in the morning. 

May Ihih. 

Mr. McNish's letter to the people of New Castle read and sustained. 
Mr. Davis and Mr. Wilson's letter to the people of Freehold read and sus- 
tained. 

Mr. Andrews and Mr. Hampton's letters to Connecticut read and sustained.* 

*May 24, 1708. 

To Mr. Davenport, Mr. Webb, Mr. Shove, and Mr. Buckingham. 

Reverend Brethren: — Through the good providence of our Lord .Jesus Christ assisting 
us, we, the ministers of the gospel, of the Presbyterian persuasion, in this province and 
those adjacent, taking into our serious consideration the case and circumstances of our 
holy religion in these parts, have, to our great toil and labour, and great difficulty to di- 
vers of us, by reason of our great distance from one another, formed ourselves into a 
Presbytery, annually to be convened, for the furthering and promoting the true interests 
of religion and godliness. In which our undertaking, as we would not have any thing 
should be advanced that may be justly disgustful to any pious soul, but the contrary, so 
it is our universal desire to walk in the nearest union and fellowship with the churches 
in those parts where you inhabit, not knowing any difference in opinion so weighty as to 
inhibit such a proposal, not doubting of your cordial assent thereunto. And for a testi- 
mony of our sincerity and real intentions to act as has been mentioned, we conclude it 
convenient to lay before you one difficult matter that has been, (to our great trouble and 
exercise,) laid before us, and also what has been our advice about it; holding it proper 
so to do, because yourselves have been concerned in a transaction that has in some 
measure led into it. AVe find by divers letters that have passed between you and sun- 
dry persons in Woodbridge, that you are not unacquainted with the confusions and dis- 
ti'actions arising from the accession of Mr. Wade to be the minister of that town, and 
the aversion of a considerable part of the people to the accepting of him as such, and 
therefore need only mention what we, after mature deliberation and consultation have 
advised for the healing the differences among them, upon the application of those that 
disagree with Mr. Wade made unto us, concluding that if their contentions and animosi- 
ties continue, it may be of unhappy consequence, viz. That Mr. Boyd, minister of Free- 
hold, should, if desired by the dissenting party, (which, for distinction, may be so 
termed,) come and preach at Woodbridge one Lord's day every three weeks, in the pub- 
lic meeting house there, if it may, as we hope it will, be admitted ; and if it be not al- 
lowed of, to prevent any open and visible breach as much as can be, that he should 
preach at Amboy, or any other place agreed upon, provided it be not within the town of 
Woodbridge, and have left it to their liberty and discretion, according to the light of their 
consciences, guided by the infallible word of God, either to join or not to join with Mr. 
Wade in the time of Mr. Boyd's absence. This we thought, after a great deal of per- 
plexity about it, to be all that we could propose at present for the satisfying the gentle- 
men that have requested our help and counsel, and as the most ready expedient we could 
think upon, in the present exigency of affairs among them for their mutual reconcilia- 
tion and comfort. Moreover, as you have been employed in Mr. Wade's fixing there, and 
we hope with sincere aims at the good of the place, so long groaning under the unhap- 
piness of the want of a settled ministry, so we humbly conceive you are in duty bound 
in a special manner to put to your helping hand to rescue them from the miserable in- 
conveniences that now they labour under, by all the ways that you can, to which we 
hope your advice for mutual forbearance may have much force. The disadvantages by 
such things as these administered to the power and life of religion, and our common 
cause, with the occasion given to them that would rejoice in our ruin, we need not inform 
of, and therefore promise ourselves nothing will be wanting on your part for accommo- 
dating these differences. And in the mean time we request your charitable constructions 
upon what we have directed unto, in so difficult a matter, if it do not prove to be ac- 



14 MINUTES OF THE [1709. 

Mr. Wilson and Mr. Andrews' letter to tlie people of Woodbridge read and 
sustained. 

Mr. Taylor's letter to the people of Wicomico read and sustained. 

At a meeting of the Presbytery at Philadelphia, 

1709. 

May 10, 1709, 2)0St preces sederunt. 

Ministers : Mr. John Wilson, Mr. Jedediah Andrews, Mr. Nath. Taylor, Mr. 
George McNish, Mr. John Hampton, and Mr. Joseph Smith. 

Elders : Joseph Yard, John Gardner, Alexander Bell, William Fosset, and 
Robert Wilson. 

Mr. Andrews was chosen Moderator, and Mr. Smith, Clerk to the Presby- 
tery. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hampton write to the people of Cohanzy to perform their 
obligations to Mr. Smith. 

It was complained of that Mr. Davis did not perform his part at the inau- 
guration of Mr. Hampton. 

The business of Mr. Wilson, referring to New Castle, deferred till the next 
sederunt, and also relating to Apoquinimy. 

It was also objected against Mr. Davis, that he did not preach at Apoqui- 
nimy according to order. 

The Rev. Mr. John Boyd being dead, what relates to him ceases. 

The Presbytery adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow. 

MayW, sessione 2da, j^ost jjreces sederunt, &c, 

Mr. Hampton, according to order, performed his part in writing to the people 
of Cohanzy, and the letter was approven. 

The Presbytery adjourned till 8 o'clock, post merid. 

SessioneZtla 2yost preces sederunt, ministers, &c. 

Ordered, That Mr. Davis be writ to, and that the letter be writ by Mr. 
Taylor, for his absence and other delinquencies, not preaching at Apoquinimy, 
not delivering his Presbytcrial exercise. 

Ordered, That every letter sent by the Presbytery be inserted into a book 
appointed by the Presbytery for that purpose, and that this be done by Mr. 
Andrews. 

Ordered, That Mr. Davis prepare his Presbytcrial exercise on Heb. i. 4, (as 
was formerly appointed by the Presbytery,) against the next meeting of the 
Presbytery, and that this be signified by Mr. Taylor's letter to him. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson preach at Apoquinimy once a month till the next 
meeting upon a week day, and one Sabbath in a quarter till the aforesaid meet- 
ing, provided always, that the Sabbath day's sermon be taken from the Whit- 
clay Creek people, their time. 

Ordered, That Mr. Smith go to the people of Maidenhead and Hopewell, 
and confer with them on such matters as shall be propounded to him by them, 
concerning his being called to be their minister; and that Mr. Smith preach 
to the people aforesaid, on his way to New England, or return from it, or 

cording to your own sentiments, seeing it is according to the best of our light. Thus 
hoping that our churches and ourselves, in this dark part of the world, shall be remem- 
bered in your supplications unto that God in whom are all our springs, and from whom 
is all help, direction, and success, we subscribe ourselves your brethren in the work of 
the gospel. — \_LetUr Book.'\ 



1709.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 15 

both ; and that this be intimated to Mr. Smith, and the people aforesaid be 
writ to by Mr. Andrews. 

The Presbytery is adjourned to nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Ata. Sessione ante merid. 
Post preces sederunt, Mr. Jedediah Andrews, moderator, &c. 
The letter to Mr. Davis was writ, read, and approved. 

Ordered, That a draught of a letter be drawn up to New Castle by Mr. Wil- 
son and Mr. McNish. 

The Presbytery adjourned till 3 o'clock, post merid. 

bta. sederunt post merid. 

Precihus peractis, sederunt, &c. 

A letter from Woodbridge read ; and resolved that an answer be written to 
them by Mr. Wilson. 

A letter from the people of Monokin and Wicomico read and seriously 
considered. A call also sent from them to Mr. McNish, was not accepted by 
him. Resolved, that a letter be writ to them hereupon by Mr. Taylor. Or- 
dered also, that Mr. McNish preach only every third Sabbath to those of 
Wicomico. 

Ordered, next sederunt at 2 o'clock, post merid. 

6fa. sederunt. 

Mr. McNish delivered his Presbyterial exercise and was approved. 

New Castle affair debated, and a letter to them agreed on.* 

Ordered, That a letter be written in concert with that from New-England to 
Sir Edmund Harrison, by Mr. Wilson and Mr. Andrews. 

Also, that a letter be written to Mr. Mather and other ministers at Boston, 
to thank them for their concurrence with us. 

Adjourned till Monday, 9 o'clock, ante merid. 

* To tlie people of New Castle. 

May 1709. 
Out of a Christian compassion that we have towards you, we cannot but commiserate 
yoxLT present circumstances, and are heartily sorry for the misunderstanding that is be- 
tween you and Mr. Wilson ; as also for the difference that is between you and our 
Christian friends in the country. We would be glad to fall upon a healing method to 
remedy these unhappy divisions. And gentlemen, you may be assured, that whatsoever 
(in duty,) lies within the compass of our power shall not be wanting ; but after second 
thoughts and a due sense of your condition, we fear that such changes as are set on foot 
among you in the present circumstances concerning a minister, may prove detrimental 
to your and our common interest, especially when we take notice that nothing particular 
has been offered to us by you concerning our brother Mr. Wilson, why he may not con- 
tinue in his pastoral charge and function among you as formerly. A general dissatisfac- 
tion is the principal thing, (it seems,) which is pretended both in your letter to us, and 
by your and our friend, Mr. Janvier. However, out of tender respect to you, we have 
according to desire, presented Mr. McNish with your call, which he, for reasons given 
you by himself, cannot at present comply with. We beseech you, gentlemen, to put 
favourable constructions upon what we do, and that in truth and sincerity we desire and 
pray for, and endeavour your spiritual and eternal welfare ; but yourselves may easily 
see that the smallness of our number, the particular engagements that every one of us 
lie under already, render your supply any other way than by our brother Mr. Wilson, at 
least at present, impracticable. And therefore, we entreat, nay require you in the Lord, 
to concur with us ; lay aside all prejudices ; struggle not too much with providential, una- 
voidable difficulties ; be submissive, which is a truly Christian temper ; trust in God, use 
patient endeavours, and expect without doubting a comfortable issue, which we hope for 
and shall constantly endeavour. Subscribing ourselves, 

Youi's in the work of the Gospel, &c. — \_Letter Book.'\ 



16 MINUTES OF THE [1709. 

Hora 9na. ante merid. post preces sedei-unt, &c. 

Mr. Wilson and Mr. Andrews' letter to Sir Edmund Harrison, read and 
approved, and committed to Mr. Andrews to transmit it to London.* 

Mr. Hampton's letter to Mr. Mather and others, in Boston, was read and 
approved ; ordered that Mr. Andrews have the sending of it. 

Mr. Taylor's letter to Mr. Davis, and another to Monokin and Wicomico, 
were read and approved. 

Ordered, That no members of this Presbytery, upon any whatever pretence, 
do depart or leave the Presbytery, without the meeting be broke up, or at least 
leave be asked and had from the Presbytery. 



* To Sir Edmund Harrison. 

May, 1709. 

Honourable Sir : — The distressed condition of these Provinces, with respect to religion, 
in which the providence of God has cast our lot, has moved ns to apply to the Reverend 
Ministers of Boston, in New-England, to join with us in addressing yourself, and other 
charitable gentlemen in London, to consider the state of these countries, and to implore 
your help and assistance for promoting the interest of our glorious Lord. To our great 
satisfaction they have readily complied with our desire, and have drawn up and signed a 
letter particularly directed to j'ourself. And that we for our parts may not be wanting, 
being informed of that public excellent spirit in you, famed both for piety and prudence, 
do likewise address ourselves unto your honour upon the same account. The negotiation 
began and encouraged by a fund, in the time when our worthy friend Mr. McKemie, 
(now deceased,) was with you, for evangelizing these colonies, was a business exceed- 
ingly acceptable to a multitude of people, and was likely to have been of great service 
if continued, which makes us much grieved that so valuable a design was, so soon after 
its beginning, laid aside. The necessity of carrying on the same afl'air being as great, if 
not greater now, than it was then, we hope that our patriots [patrons ?] in London, will 
revive so good and important a work, and not let it lie buried under the ashes, but that 
some suitable method will be taken that it may be set on foot again. Unto whom can we 
apply ourselves more fitly than unto our fathers, who have been extolled in the reformed 
churches for their large bounty and benevolence in their necessities ? We doubt not, but 
if the sum of about two hundred pounds per annum, were raised for the encouragement 
of ministers in these parts, it would enable ministers and people to erect eight congrega- 
tions, and ourselves put in better circumstances than hitherto we have been. We are at 
present seven ministers, most of whose outward aifairs are so straitened as to crave relief, 
unto which, if two or three more were added, it would greatly strengthen our interest, 
which does miserably suffer, as things at present are among us. Sir, if we shall be sup- 
plied with ministers from you, which we earnestly desire ; with your benevolence to the 
value abovesaid, you may be assured of our fidelity and Christian care in distributing it 
to the best ends and purposes we can, so as we hope we shall be able to give a just and 
lair account for every part of it to yourself and others, by our letters to you. It is well 
known what advantages the Missionaries from England have of us, from the settled fund 
of their Church, which not only liberally supports them here, but encourages so many 
insolences both against our persons and interests, which sorrowfully looking on, we can- 
not but lament and crave your remedy. That our evangelical aS"airs may be the better 
managed, we have formed ourselves into a Presbytery, annually to be convened at this 
city ; at which times it is a sore distress and trouble unto us, that we are not able to com- 
ply with the desires of sundry places, crying unto us for ministers to deal forth the word 
of life unto them ; therefore we most earnestly beseech you, in the bowels of our Lord, 
to intercede with the ministers of London, and other well affected gentlemen, to extend 
their charity and pity to us, to carry on so necessary and glorious a work ; otherwise 
many people will remain in a perishing condition as to spiritual things. In so doing, 
your humhle supplicants shall ever pray that the blessings of God's throne and footstool 
may be conferred upon you and them. 

P. S. The death of that worthy and honourable person, the Lord Lovelace, we arc 
afraid will prove detrimental to our interest ; and we could wish that his place were filled 
again with a person of such a spirit and temper as he appeared to be of. We desire that 
what you shall please to transmit to us, as to letters or otherwise, may be directed unto 
Mr. Andrews, or in his absence to Mr. David Giffing and Mr. William Allen, in Phila- 
delphia. — [^Letter Book.] 



1710.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 17 

Ordered, That our next meeting be at Philadelphia, on the third Tuesday of 
September, 1710. And that Mr. Hampton prepare his Presbyterial exercise 
against that time, from Heb. i. 6. 

1710. 

At a Presbytery held at Philadelphia, 

Spptemher 20, 1710. Post preces sedernvt 

Mr. John Wilson, Mr. Jedediah Andrews, Mr. George McNish, Mr. John 
Hampton Ministers. 

Mr. John Gardner, Mr. Joseph Yard, Mr. Alexander Brown, Mr. Benjamin 
Aidlett, elders. 

It being put to the vote who should be moderator, carried for Mr. George 
McNish ; and also voted for the clerk, carried for John Hampton. 

The Presbytery met to-day, though yesterday was appointed, because the 
members were not come together before this day. 

Mr. Hampton, according to order, delivered his Presbyterial exercise, and 
the same was approved of. 

Upon the desire of the Rev. Mr. John Henry to be admitted a member of 
this Presbytery, having given due satisfection by testimonials to the Presby- 
tery, he was, according to desire, admitted. 

At the desire also of Mr. James Anderson, he was admitted, upon producing 
sufficient testimonials of his abilities and qualifications for the ministerial work, 
and that he was duly licensed and ordained thereunto. 

The Presbytery adjourned to eight o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

Die Jovis, 2da. sederunt post preces. 

After mature and deliberate consideration of the Rev. Mr. Wade's case, that 
has been long under our consideration, he now ofiiering himself and desiring to 
be a member of this Presbytery, was admitted, having satisfied, by letters and 
testimonials, and personal arguing, that his proceedings have been such as to 
give just ground for his acceptance. 

A committee consisting of Mr. Wilson, Andrews, Hampton, appointed to 
meet at two o'clock, to inquire into Mr. Morgan's and Van Vleck's affair, and 
prepare it for the Presbytery. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, post merid. 

Post preces, Sa. sederunt, d'C. 

The committee, according to order, inquired into Mr. Morgan's case, and 
made report thereof unto the Presbytery. And after debating thereupon, and 
having put it to vote, it was carried in the affirmative to admit said Morgan as 
a member of this Presbytery. 

The committee reported Mr. Van Vleck's case, and after serious debating 
thereon, put it to the vote, admit him a member of the Presbytery or not, and 
it was carried in the affirmative. 

Memorandum : Upon the admission of these ministers above mentioned : 
three elders more sat in the Presbytery, namely, Mr. Pierce Bray, Mr. John 
Foord, and Mr. Lenard Van Degrift. 

A committee consisting of Mr. Henry, Mr. Anderson, and Mr. Wade, ap- 
pointed to prepare and bring in overtures to the Presbytery, and also take 
cognizance of whatever may be laid before them, to prepare it for the Pres- 
bytery. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Die Veneris ante meridiem 4, sederunt, Sc. post preces. 
Upon information that David Evan, a lay person, had taken upon him 
3 



18 MINUTES OF THE [1710. 

publicly to teach or preach among the Welch in the Great Valley, Chester 
county, it was unanimously agreed that the said Evan had done very ill, and 
acted irregularly in thus invading the work of the ministry, and was thereupon 
censured. 

Agreed that the most proper method for advancing David Evan in neces- 
sary literature to prepare him for the work of the ministry is, that he lay 
aside all other business for a twelve month, and apply himself closely^ to 
learning and study, under the direction of Mr. Andrews, and with the assist- 
ance of Mr. "Wilson and Anderson, and that it be left to the discretion of the 
said ministers when to put said Evan on trials, and license him publicly to 
teach or preach. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson write to the Welch, in the Welch Tract, and Mr. 
Andrews to those in the Great Valley. 

A call from the good people of llehoboth, in Maryland, to the Rev. Mr. 
Henry, presented by Mr. Pierce Bray before the Presbytery, and his answer 
deferred till afternoon. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, jjost meridiem. 

The call to Mr. Henry came under consideration, and being again proposed 
to his acceptance, he accepted thereof. 

The letter to the Great Valley, writ by Mr. Andrews, read aod approved. 

It being reported that one Walter Kerr defamed the Presbytery, and Mr. 
Morgan, minister to said Kerr, desiring advice therein how to behave, it was 
referred to the said Mr. Morgan to take cognizance of the oifence, and to act 
either by private or public censure, as the nature of the thing should appear to 
him, anil that report thereof be made next meeting. 

Ordered, That the ministers and elders of the meeting come prepared for the 
future to give a true and impartial account how matters are mutually betwixt 
them, both with regard to spirituals and temporals. 

Ordered, That two letters be writ to Woodbridge, to the two parties thereof, 
by Mr. Wilson, Andrews, and Hampton. 

Mr. Morgan has obtained leave to return home on sufficient reasons offered. 

Mr. Brown, from the people of Monokin and Wicomico, moved for Mr. 
McNish's answering to the call formerly presented to him, and his answer was 
delayed till to-morrow or Monday. 

Adjourned till to-morrow, nine o'clock. 

Mr. Wilson writ to the people of Welch Tract, and was sustained. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hampton and Mr. Davis preach the admission sermons 
of Mr. John Henry, at Kehoboth. 

Mr. Henry and Mr. McNish appointed to preach to-morrow, being the Lord's 
day, and j\Ir. Anderson on ^Monday. 

Adjourned to eight o'clock, Monday morning. 

Letters writ to Woodbridge by Mr. Wilson, Andrews, Hampton, read and 
sustained.* 



• To our Christian friends in Woodbridge, with whom the Rev. Mr. AVade is concerned. 

September, 1710. 

Christian Friends. "We salute you heartily in the Lord, wishing you grace, mercy, and 
peace, ko. Your Ileverend Fas'tor, and our beloved brother, ^\r. Wade, having offered 
himself to be a member of our Presbytery, we have, after due deliberation, accordingly 
accepted of him, in hopes that the issue thereof may tend to the glory of God and good 
of his Church, and contribute to the union and reconciliation of the good people of Wood- 
bridge among themselves, as it doth in a particular manner unite them to us. Therefore, 



1710.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 19 

Mr. McNish and Brown's affair came under consideration, and it was further 
delayed till afternoon. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, afternoon 

Ordered, That Mr. Henry write to the Presbytery of Dublin. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson and Mr. Anderson write to the Synod of Grlasgow. 

Mr. McNish's affair further delayed till to-morrow morning. 

Ordered, That a letter be writ to Dr. Tongue, at London, by the moderator. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, to morrow. 

The letters to Glasp-ow and Dublin read and sustained.* 



■we beseech you on yom* parts, as we have your brethren and neighbours on their parts, 
to study with all care and diligence, unity, peace, and holiness, and that all division and 
animosity by-past maybe entirely buried, by avoiding and shunning all reflections and im- 
prudent expressions or carriage, that in the least may tend to continue or aggravate your 
unhappy divisions, or hinder that true Christian communion and fellowship which is the or- 
nament of our holy religion. Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to 
dwell together in unity! Thus committing you to God and the word of his grace, which 
is able to build you up, we remain your servants for Christ's sake. — ^Letter Book.] 

To our Christian friends that are at present dissatisfied with Mr. Wade. 

September, 1710. 

Dear and Christian Friends : — We have had your friendly letter presented to us by our 
Rev. Brother, Mr. McNish, and took it into our most serious consideration, and desire 
to use all manner of conscientious tenderness, hoping that you will look upon our whole 
design to be for the glory of God, and the propagation of the gospel among you, beseech- 
ing you that our advice be not, by any person misunderstood, as if we had any other thing in 
our view than what we have already mentioned, expecting that it may have its due weight 
with pious and thinking souls. The Rev. Mr. Nathaniel Wade made application to the 
Presbytery to be admitted a member thereof, upon which we deliberately debated, and 
made a narrow scrutiny into matters as they appeared to us, and found by his certificates 
that his ordination was good and valid according to Scripture rules, and also that he had 
a call and subscriptions even from some of yourselves, with several other recommenda- 
tions from persons whose integrity we could not suspect. And nothing appearing to hia 
disadvantage sutSciently attested, we judged it unjust to deny his desire, vvhich seemed 
to us to How from sincere intentions of being more useful and doing greater good, he 
having freely and fully submitted himself to the judgment and discipline of the <Jhurch 
according to Presbytery, and also to the meeting in particular, to whom he and his peo- 
ple now stand in relation. Therefore, beloved in the Lord, having thus acted sincerely 
and used our best endeavours to determine things most justly and fairly, we do recom- 
mend to your tenderness. Christian love and affection, and for evidence thereof we can 
do no other than declare it to be our judgment that you do, (since you do professedly 
own this judicatory,) so far countenance our determination as to have a care of any thing 
that looks like dissension or separation, but the contrary. And we do likewise, in the 
bowels of Christ, (knowing how much the interest of godliness is concerned in it,) with 
all tenderness and love, exhort you to study peace and unity among your neighbours, 
aud to have a conscientious care not to weaken the hands of Mr. Wade in the work of 
the ministry. And that this duty of love and peace may be the more effectually promo- 
ted and practised among you, we have also sent our exhortatory letter to your neigh- 
bours, that nothing may be wanting on their part, which, together with this, we hope 
may be of a cementing use. Thus recommending you to the care and guidance of the 
Father of Lights, we conclude, and remain your cordial well-wishers. — [_LeUcr Book-I 

* The Presbytery met at Philadelphia to the Rev. Presbytery of Dublin, wisheth grace, 
mercy, peace, (the bond of fellowship,) and prosperity in the gospel of the Lord Jesus. 

September, 1710. 

Rev. and dear Brethren in the Lord: — By a letter from the Rev. Mr. Alexander Sin- 
clare, a member of your society, dated November, 1709, and directed to Mr. John Henry, 



20 MINUTES OF THE [1710. 

The matter betwixt Mr. Brown and McNish with relation to the people of 
Monokin, came again to be considered, and Mr. McNish agreed to go down 
some time before winter to Monokin, and in the meantime to write to them, 
which the Presbytery have agreed unto j and then Mr. McNish to give his an- 
swer to their call. 

one of our number, we find you desire a correspondence may be settled and continued 
from time to time, than tlie which nothing can be more acceptable to us poor scattered 
and far dispersed labourers in our Lord's vineyard. As also you desire an account of 
our ecclesiastical aS'airs, and promise all the assistance yourselves can aiford, or procure 
by interest from others. The former we are ready to give, and for the latter we are 
grateful 

As to the state of the Church in these parts, our interest truly is very weak, and we 
cannot relate this matter without sorrow of heart, since it is too much owing to the ne- 
glect of ministers at home. Our late Rev. Brother Mr. Francis INIcKemie, prevailed with 
the ministers of London to undertake the support of two itinerants for the space of two 
years, and after that time to send two more upon the same condition, allowing the former 
after that time to settle, which, if accomplished, had proved of more than credible ad- 
vantage to these parts, considering how far scattered most of the inhabitants be. But, 
alas, they drew back their hand, and we have reason to lament their deficiency. Had 
our friends at home been equally watchful and diligent as the Episcopal Society at Lon- 
don, our interest in most foreign plantations probably might have carried the balance. 
In all Virginia there is but one small congregation at Elizabeth River, and some few 
families favouring our way in Rappahanock and York. In Maryland only four, in Penn- 
sylvania five, and in the Jerseys two, which bounds with some places of New York, 
makes up all the bounds we have any members from, and at present some of these be 
vacant. Not long ago there was a probability of doing more good in Maryland before 
episcopacy was established by law, and at present is in Pennsylvania, the East and West 
Jerseys, and some places of New York, if the occasion also be not slipped. As for ec- 
clesiastical aSairs in other places, we shall not here trouble you with, being not per- 
fectly acquainted therewith ourselves. That then. Reverend and dear Brethren, which 
at present we would humbly, for the sake of Christ's interest, make the subject of our 
address unto you is, that of your zealous Christian, and religious charity to the mystical 
body of the blessed Jesus, you would raise one sixty pound to support an able well ap- 
proved of young man from yourselves as an itinerant in these parts, among the dispersed 
children of God for a year, after which time we doubt not but he may be settled com- 
fortably. This we have used our iutei-est in London for, in the hands of the Rev. Mr. 
Calamy, which we expect, according to promise from the Rev. Mr. Sinclare, you will use 
yours also to forward. And in tlie meantime not be wanting to answer our former request. 
Thus, nut making the least doubt but this our letter shall have the desired answer, we 
subscribe ourselves, by our representative, your well wishers in the Lord. — \_Letlcr Book-I 

The Presbytery met at Philadelphia, to the Right Reverend Synod, of Glasgow. 

Srptember, 1710. 
Right Reverend: — Hoping you are in part acquainted with the circumstances of our 
interest in these American plantations, and persuading ourselves of your readiness to 
contribute both by advice and otherways f(jr the general good of Christianity in these 
poor neglected provinces, we have unanimously judged it, (knowing none so proper to 
apply unto, and repose our confidence in, as yourselves, our Reverend Brethren of the 
Church of Scotland, whom we sincerely honour and affectionately esteem as fathers,) our 
duty, for strengthening our interest in the service of the gospel, to address you for your 
concurrence with us in so great and good a work. We are not a little encouraged in these 
our applications, by a letter from the Rev. Mr. James Brown, of Glasgow, one of the mem- 
bers of the Rev. Synod, (to some of our good friends.) of ^-our willingness to correspond 
with us, in what concerns tiie advancement of the Mediator's interest in these regions 
where our lot is fallen. We have, for some years past, furmed ourselves into a Presby- 
terial meeting, annually convented at the city of Philadelphia, in Pennsylvania, and to our 
capacities, (considering our infaucj', paucity, and the many oppositions and discourage- 
ments we have all along struggled with,) taken what care we could that our meeting, 
(though small,) might be for the general good of religion in these parts. And we are 
thankful that by the Divine Providence our endeavours and poor essays have not been al- 
together in vain. The number of our ministers from the respective provinces is ten in all, 
three from Maryland, five from Pennsylvania, and two from East Jersey. And we are in 



1711.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 21 

Next meeting appointed at Philadelphia, third Tuesday of September, 1711. 
And that Mr. Henry and Mr. Anderson prepare their Presbyterial Exercises 
on 1 Heb. 7th and 8th verses. Mr. Henry on verse 7, and Mr. Anderson on 
verse 8. 

1711. 

At a Presbytery held at Philadelphia, 

Sc'ptemher 20, 1711. Post preces sederunt 

Mr. John Wilson, Mr. Jedediah Andrews, Mr. George McNish, Mr. John 
Hampton, Mr. James Anderson, Mr, Nathaniel Wade, ministers. 

John Steel, Joseph Yard, Adam Spence, Segfrigus Alricks, Thomas Pike, 
elders. 

Mr. Andrews was clerk, and Mr. Wilson moderator. 

Mr. Henry's letter to excuse his not coming to the Presbytery read, and his 
excuse was sustained. 

Ordered, That the moderator write to him, and signify that his excuse was 
sustained with difficulty. 

Mr. Morgan and Mr. Van Vleck were absent, and no excuse given or sent. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews write to them to reprehend them for their absence. 

Appointed that David Evan's aifair, in relation to his proficiency in learning 
be considered. 

Because of Mr. Morgan's absence, no report was given of that affair of 
Walter Kerr, spoken of in the minutes of the former year. 

The minute relating to the giving account of the mutual concerns of minis- 
ters and people referred to the next sederunt. 

Mr. Davis and Mr. Hampton preached the admission sermons of Mr. Henry 
according to appointment. 

Upon a certain emergency the Presbytery met a day later than appointment. 

Adjourned to 8 o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

21 sessione Ida. die Veneris. 
Inquiry was made of the several ministers, touching the state of their con- 
great expectation that some from other places may be encouraged to join us hereafter. 
We have thought good further to represent to the Rev. Synod, the desolate condition of 
sundry vacant places who have applied to us for a supply of ministers, who express their 
Christian desire of enjoying the public administrations of the gospel purely, but to their 
and our grief they are not in a capacity to provide a competent maintenance for the sup- 
port of ministers without being beholden to the Christian assistance of others, at least 
for some time. We are sorry in our present circumstances we can neither answer their 
request by supplying them with ministers, nor contributing towards their outward sup- 
port, some of ourselves being considerably straitened. jNIay it therefore please the pious 
and Rev. Synod, in compassion to the desolate souls in America, perishing for want of 
vision, to send over one or more ministers, and to support them for longer or shorter 
time. This will be a work very worthy of persons of your character, a strengthening to 
us and our interest, and a matter of singular comfort to all the sincere lovers of our 
Lord Jesus Christ. We further represent, that according to the best of our judgment, 
forty pounds sterling annually paid in Scotland, to be transmitted in goods, will be a 
competency for the support of each minister you send, provided that of your pious and 
Christian benevolence you suitably fit them out. And after they have here laboured in 
the Lord's vineyard a year or two, we are in good hopes that they will find such com- 
fortable encouragement as may induce them to settle among us without giving you further 
trouble for their support. Thus recommending ourselves and affairs to your Christian 
concei'n and hearty prayers, expecting your ready concurrence with us in these represen- 
tations and desires for the public good and interest of the gospel, and praying for the 
rich blessing of heaven upon yourselves, and success in your undertakings for Christ's 
Church, we remain your aifectionate brethren and fellow labourers in the work of the 
Lord. — \_LeUer Book.'\ 



22 MINUTES OF THE [1711. 

gregations and of themselves, with reLation thereto ; and also of the several 
elders, not only of the measures taken to support the ministry, but of the life, 
conversation, and doctrine of their several ministers, and report was given to 
satisfaction for this time. 

Mr. McNish's affair in reference to Patuxcnt, deferred till another time. 

Appointed that the Moderator and Mr. Andrews write to the people of Co- 
hanzy, in relation to Mr. Exell. 

Mr. "VVade's case deferred till the afternoon. 

Adjourned to 3 o'clock, afternoon. 

Fost Merid. 
Messrs. McNish, Hampton, and AVade, appointed to inspect into the profi- 
ciency of David Evan. 

Adjourned till 9 o'clock to-morrow. 

22 Die Satunii. 

Mr. Wade's case was rcassumed. 

The Moderator and Mr. Hampton appointed to draw up a form of words, 
which Mr. AYade is to use in the public reversing the sentence, publicly passed 
by him against John Ilsley and AVilliam Sharp.* 

Messrs. Andrews, McNish, and Hampton, ordered to read the papers, rela- 
ting to Mr. AYade's business, and to make report the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till 10 o'clock on Monday. 

24 Die Lunx. 

Messrs. Andrews, McNish, and Hampton, did what was appointed relating 
to the papers concerning Mr. AYade's case, and made report accordingly. 

Mr. McNish's case came under consideration, and 'twas determined to leave 
his affair respecting Jamaica and Patuxent to himself, with advice not to delay 
fixing himself somewhere. 

Mr. Anderson was defective in not delivering his Presbyterial exercise, was 
censured for his defect, and appointed to deliver it next meeting. 

Adjourned to 4 o'clock, afternoon. 

Post Merid. 
The Moderator and Mr. Andrews writ the letter to Cohanzy, and it was ap- 
pro ved."!" 

, 1711. 

* A form of words appointed to be read for reversing a censure passed by Mr. Wade, 
against .Toliii Ilsley and William Sharp, as followeth : 

Whereas some time ago, a censure of too high a nature has been here passed against 
John Ilsley and William Sharp, (though we cannot altogether excuse them, especially 
the former.) I do now upon good ground and satisfaction given, declare that the same 
persons, .John Ilsley and William Sharp, are cleared from said censure, and now received 
into full communion as formerly before such censure, with this church, and all persons 
are accordingly to take notice thereof. 

f A letter to the people of Cohanzy. 

September, 1711. 

Dear and Christian Friends : — From our sincere regard to your spiritual and everlast- 
ing welfare, we have taken into our most serious consideration, your state and condition, 
as at present circumstanced, and could not but think it our incumbent diity, to lay be- 
fore you what have been our thoughts thereupon. We could have wished you had taken 
better advised steps for yonv provision, as to the ministry, for we fear your present sup- 
ply will not answer your expectation. As for the gentleman, that has for some time 
preached among you, though we wish him no harm, but all the good he can reasonably 
desire; yet we have such respect to the honour of the Gospel in general and yourselves 



1711.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 23 

The committee gave in their report concerning David Evan, and do approve 
of his hopeful proficiency. 

Several papers offered by John Ilsley in relation to Mr. Wade, not being 
thought proper to be discussed by this meeting, the said papers were delivered 
to him again, in concurrence with his own desire. 

Adjourned to 8 o'clock to-morrow morning. 

25 Die Martis. 

The Moderator and Mr. Andrews wrote the letter to Monokin, and 'twas 
approved. 

Adjourned to 3 o'clock, afternoon. 

Post Merid. 
Mr. Wade's business further discoursed about. 
Adjourned till 9 o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

26 Die MeTcurii. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wilson do supply the people of Patuxent four Sabbaths, 
Mr. Henry four Sabbaths, and Mr. Hampton is left to himself to supply some- 
time if he can. 

Ordered, that Mr. Wilson in his letter to Mr. Henry, signify the appoint- 
ment of the Presbytery, concerning his supplying at Patuxent. 

This day our Reverend Brother, Mr. Wade, being asked if he had any thing 
further to offer in relation to Woodbridge, he did freely and of himself, make 
the following offer, viz : AVhereas he had, with the greatest seriousness, for a 
long time truly lamented the many and unhappy jarrings among the people of 
Woodbridge J and that he might be no longer a bone of contention, did (out of 
a sense of the glory of Grod, the good of that people, and his own future quiet,) 
propose it, as the most healing method, that he, by the consent of the Pres- 
bytery, would cheerfully demit and resign up all pastoral relation to the whole 
people of Woodbridge, heartily wishing that they may unite in calling another 
minister, that the Presbytery shall approve of. And Mr. Wade further pro- 
posed, that in the mean time, till they be supplied, the Presbytery to take care 
that they may not be left destitute of help. 

Mr. Van Vleck's excuse with respect to his absence, was sustained, he 
being disabled by sickness, as one of his elders reported, being sent for that 
purpose. 

Agreed, That the Presbytery take a specimen of David Evan's knowledge in 
Divinity the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to 3 o'clock, afternoon. 

Post Merid. 

After serious deliberation, we are come to this conclusion, that the proposal 

made by the Rev. Mr. Wade, concerning the demitting of his pastoral charge 

at Woodbridge, is the only effectual method for the healing all the breaches 

among the people of Woodbridge; and therefore do heartily concur with him 

in particular, that, by the best account we have of him, we do not judge him a suitable 
person to preside in the ministerial function among you. He was invited to be present 
at our meeting, but he neither came nor sent, which intimates either a contempt or 
supine neglect of ecclesiastical judicatories. We have been informed concerning some 
printed papers dispersed by him among the people, which papers we cannot approve of, 
as containing abundance of gross errors, so far as they are intelligible, and a great part 
consisting of nonsense and self-contradictions, which is obvious to any judicious observer. 
We thought it fit to discharge our consciences, in endeavouring to guard you against 
those things which we judge prejudicial to truth and your souls' happiness ; and do as- 
sure you, that what lies within the compass of our power, in order to your comfortable 
settlement, shall not be wanting from 

Your souls' well-wishers. — \_Letter Book ] 



24 MINUTES OF THE [1711. 

in it, and accept of it as a truly proper and Christian expedient, and do hence- 
forth allow the good people of Woodbridge to supply themselves with another 
pastor as soon as they can, and in the mean time accept of and improve such 
supply as shall be offered. 

Mr. Wade ordered to supply during the vacancy. 

Agreed, That none should be allowed to vote for the calling of a minister, 
but those that shall contribute for the maintenance of him, and that the major 
vote of those shall be determinative. 

Ordered, That Mr. McNish do read the form of words drawn up at the ap- 
pointment of the Presbytery, for the reversing the censure against John Ilsley 
and William Sharpe, publicly at the meeting house in Woodbridge. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hampton and Anderson write a letter to the people of 
Woodbridge. 

The letter appointed to be writ to Patuxent, was read and approved. 

Adjourned till 9 o'clock, to-morrow. 

27 Die Jovis. 

Upon the desire of the people of Maidenhead and Hopewell, signified by 
Mr. William Yard, for our assisting them in getting a minister, it was agreed, 
that in case the people of Maidenhead and Hopewell are not engaged with 
Mr. Sacket, that they use all opportunities they have for a speedy supply, and 
apply themselves to the neighbouring ministers for assistance in getting a 
minister for them. 

The letter to Woodbridge read and approved.* 

* A Letter to the Christian People at Woodbridge. 

September, 1711. 

Dear and Christian Friends : The unhappy divisions and contentions that have been 
long among you, to our great grief and concern, having been again laid before us, ■with 
all diligence and care, we did again take them into consideration, and indeed found no 
small matter of sorrow, trouble, and vexation ; and after spending much time could not, 
without difficulty, come to any conclusion. 

Upon the whole matter, and after our serious reflections thereon, we cannot but with 
grief tell you, that we fear there has been fault on all hands, and that the most innocent 
have reason of self-condemnation ; how much others, then, that have been the unhappy 
causes, fomenters, and promoters of such unchristian distractions and animosities. Woe 
to them by whom offences come. Having mentioned this, we cannot pass on till in the 
bowels of Christ we beseech and request you to look back and repent, to love and unite, 
in the true fear of God and the interest of his kingdom for the future. 

That we are in particular to inform you of, which (as we hope, ) will prove an effectual 
remedy to all your unhappy dissensions is, tliat our reverend brother Mr. Nathaniel Wade, 
has of himself, freely and willingly, for the glory of God and the good of poor Wood- 
bridge, (as he and we both do hope,) demitted and resigned all pastoral relation unto, 
and interest in the whole people of Woodbridge ; so that he is not any longer to be looked 
on by you, but as a transient minister or occasional supply. We have, therefore, ap- 
pointed him to be your jiresent supply, until you can, by the majority of the votes of 
such as contribute to the maintenance of a minister, provide yourselves with such an 
one, as we hope you will be unanimous in, and the Presbytery ai)prove of at our next 
meeting. And Christian friends, we doubt not, but you are sensiltle that the labourer 
is worthy of his hire, and therefore hope you will not utterly neglect our Prother Wade, 
who is to be your present supply, so long as he continues such. We would in the last 
place advise that, as soon as conveniently you can, you do unanimously meet and consult 
on the most proper methods for settling the ministry among you ; and that tlierein all 
private interests, and needless contradictions, and divisions be laid aside, the glory of 
God and good of your souls purely aimed at and studied, and that you forsake not the 
assembling yourselves together. And thus we hope, by Christian prudence and modera- 
tion, you will bring things, by the good providence of God, to a happy issue and com- 
fortable conclusion. And assure yourselves that we shall alwaj-s be ready and willing 
to assist you to the utmost of our power, in the work of the Gospel among you. Now 
brethren, the God of Peace and Order be with you; direct, strengthen, and establish 
you 60 prays, Yours, &c. — \_LcUer Book.'\ 



1712.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 25 

Appointed, That David Evan preach under the direction and inspection of 
Messrs. Wilson, Andrews, and Anderson, till the next Presbytery. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wade and Mr. ]Morgan prepare their Presbyterial exer- 
cises against the next Presbytery, the former on the 9th the other on the 10th 
verse of Heb. i. And that Mr. Wade intimate this appointment to Mr. Morgan. 

Next meeting appointed at Philadelphia, on the third Tuesday of September, 
1712. 

1712. 

At a Presbytery held at Philadelphia, which began, 

Septemher 17, 1712. Posfpreces sederunt, 

Ministers : Messrs. Jedediah Andrews, John Hampton, John Henry, James 
Anderson, Joseph Morgan, and Paul Van Vleck. 

Elders : Messrs. Joseph Yard, Isaac Piper, John Burges, Isaac Dilbeck. 

David Evan, a candidate, was chosen Clerk, and Mr. Jedediah Andrews, 
Moderator. 

The members not being come together yesterday, the Presbytery began this 
day. 

The roll being called over, our Rev. Brother, Mr. John Wilson, was taken 
away by death, and Messrs. Davis, McNish, and Wade, were abseut. 

The Presbytery, after inquiry, are satisfied that Mr. Davis was necessarily 
absent this three years past ; and it is ordered that Mr. Hampton and Mr. Henry 
do exhort him to attend for the future, or send sufBcient excuse in writing. 

Mr. Morgan's reasons for not coming to the Presbytery last year were given 
and sustained. 

The business of Walter Kerr, mentioned in the year 1710, and continued 
the last year, being of so long a standing, and falling of itself, the Presbytery 
thought good to pass it without any further notice. 

Touching the appointment made the last Presbytery for the supply of the 
people of Patuxent, it was complied with to satisfaction. 

Mr. Henry delivered his Presbyterial exercise that was appointed 1710, and 
was appro ven. 

One Mr. Bratton, a minister, who arrived in Maryland some time last fall, 
being detained by sickness that he could not attend the Presbytery, sent his 
certificate of his legal admission to the ministry, and was approven. 

Mr. Ilobert Wilson, being commissioned, did present a letter from the people 
of Monokin and Wicomico, relating to their church affairs, in answer to a letter 
sent to them by us last year ; and also a call to the Rev. Mr. Thomas Bratton, 
with a paper of subscriptions for his encouragement. 

And it is ordered that a letter be writ to the said Mr. Thomas Bratton, with 
respect to the said call, in favour of that people. 

Mr. Anderson ordered to write the letter. 

Adjourned till to-morrow, nine o'clock. 

18 Die Jovisy post preces sederunt , &c. 

jNIr. McNish gave his reasons for not attending at the opening of Presbytery, 
and they were accepted. 

Mr. Anderson writ the letter to Mr. Bratton, and it was approven. 

The order for inquiring into the mutual condition of ministers and people, 
was observed, and no complaint was made by any, except by Mr. Van Vleck 
with respect to the people of Neshamiuy, which cause is now depending. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, afternoon. 
■4 



26 MINUTES OF THE [1712. 

Post merul. post 2»-cces, sede)-unt, c&c^ 

The business relating to Mr. Yan Ylcck and his people resumed. 
Adjourned to nine o'clock, to-morrow. 

19 Die Veno-is, post preces, &c. 
The business relating to Mr. Yan Yleck and his people, came again into con- 

sidoratinn. 

Mr. Anderson delivered his Presbyterial exercise that was appointed him 
1710, and was approven. 

Adjourned to half an hour after three in the afternoon. 

Post merid. post jtrcces, &c. 

The business concerning Mr. Yan Yleck and his people, again taken into 
consideration. 

It was concluded that after the Presbytery had examined the several eviden- 
ces brought in relation to the crime of bigamy, alleged against Mr. Yan Yleck, 
as also the exceptions offered by the said Yau Yleck against the evidences, and 
in vindication of himself, the Presbytery not finding the evidences clear and 
positive enough to prove the crime against him, and yet Mr. Yan Yleck's vin- 
dication not sufficient to take off the scandal wholly, do therefore, till such time 
as Mr. Yan Yleck bring satisfying proof of his first wife's death, for the honour 
of the gospel, advise that he do not officiate as a minister of the gospel. To 
which advice he does willingly agree. 

Ordered, upon the whole, that a letter be writ to Mr. Yan Yleck's people, 
by the moderator and Mr. Hampton.* 

The I'resbytery having seen Mr. George Gillespie's certificates, from the 
Presbytery of Glasgow, concerning his being licensed to preach, and his con- 
versation, did approve of them, and in case Providence make way for his ordina- 
tion, by a call from any congregation before next I'resbytery, I\Ir. Andrews, 
McNish, Anderson, and Morgan, are ordered to ordain him, and that one of 
the said members, or two, as they shall see fit, preach at the solemnity. 

A petition from the people of Whitcclay Creek was read. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, to-morrow. 

20 Pie Saturn'/, j)ost 2^1'cccs, Sc. 
Two letters from the people of Woodbridge, and one from Mr. Wade, being 

read, the business of that place was taken into consideration. 

* A letter to the people to whom Mr. Van Vleck did use to preach. 

Sfptemhcr 19/A, 1712. 

Christian Friends : — We have had your melancholy affair relating to the diftorence be- 
tween some of you and Mr. Van Vleck under serious consideration, and do sincerely la- 
ment tlie same, as being of that natm-e to hinder the progress of true religion and good 
of souls. 

We, after much pains and time spent about it, did agree to give it as our advice to Mr. 
Van Vleck. to desist from the exercise of his ministerial office until he vindicate liimself 
from the grievous scandal that is so common, of his having two wives ; which advice of 
ours he himself has willingly agreed unto, as the best way to take oif and prevent, for 
the future, the reproach tliat, it is plain, religion and godliness might otherwise lie under. 
And thei-efore we hope, (christian friends, that you'll all take in good part, tlie care and 
pains we liave been at in this matter, and be contented with what we have .advised unto ; 
and recommend unto j-ou the })ractice of holiness. Christian love and peace, improving 
all opportunities you may have of public ordinances in the mean time, and that you en- 
deavour to heal breaches ns much as you can. 

Postucript. The reason of tliis advice for his not preaching was this, that the Presby- 
tery could not find proof clear and positive enough to prove the crime against him, yet 
Mr. Van Vleck's vindication did not appear sufficient. — \_Lettcr Book.'\ 



1712.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 27 

Ordered, That the moderator, Mr. McNish, and Mr. Hampton, bring in an 
overture with respect to Mr. Wade's affair, the next sederunt. 

A petition presented from the people of Welsh Tract and Great Yalley, with 
respect to David Evans, afterwards to be taken into consideration. 

The petition of the people of White Clay Creek was again read, and it was 
ordered, that if Mr. Gillespie sees fit to leave Woodbridge, he fij-st supply that 
people for some time, or any other he may be invited by, at his own discretion, 
till next Presbytery. 

Adjourned to Monday, at nine o'clock. 

22 Die Lunse, post preces sederunt, &c. 

Mr. Morgan die Suhhati delivered his Presbyterial Exercise that was ap- 
pointed him 1711, and this day it was animadverted upon and appro ven. 

A petition from the people of Cohanzy, being presented by Mr. John Ogden, 
their messenger, was read, and left to further consideration. 

It was ordered, that a letter be writ to that people by the moderator. 

The overture brought in by the moderator, Mr. McNish, and Hampton, con- 
cerning Mr. Wade and the people of Woodbridge, read and approven, and was 
as follows : 

It is overtured. That whereas, for these several years, we have endeavoured 
to accommodate the differences between Mr. Wade and the people of Wood- 
bridge, after some time, at his own proposal, we admitted him as a member of 
our Presbytery, and he submitted himself willingly to our constitution, which 
we hoped would have been effectual for the taking away these unhappy divisions, 
but to our sad disappointment, we have found them continue and rather increase. 

The first year of his admission, we hoped that our Christian and ministerial 
advice, both to Mr. Wade and the disagreeing parties at Woodbridge, would have 
been sufficient for reconciliation, but herein also we were lamentably frustrated, 
for the next Presbytery their mutual complaints were again renewed. 

And after inquiry and serious deliberation upon those complaints, some 
whereof brought by the people against Mr. Wade were of a scandalous nature, 
and of long standing, we came to an unanimous resolution, that really Mr. 
Wade has been all along, and continued to be, the woful bone of contention 
among that unhappy people, and that therefore the only effectual way of put- 
ting an end to these unchristian jars, was that Mr. Wade should demit all pas 
toral relation to the whole people of Woodbridge, and that they should be at 
full liberty to choose some other minister ; but in the mean time, we were wil- 
ling that Mr. Wade should supply their vacancy until another offered, not 
doubting but that Mr. Wade and the good people of Woodbridge would use 
their u animous endeavours with all convenient speed, to provide themselves 
with a qualified minister in whom they should agree. To all which Mr. Wade 
did, at our last Presbytery aforesaid, give his solemn and hearty consent, as 
fully appears from his own words, then spoken and upon record. Nevertheless, 
Mr. Wade immediately on his return to Woodbridge, did begin, and has con- 
tinued ever since, to misconstrue our proceedings, and render ineffectual all our 
designs of peace and unity : 

1. By pretending still to a pastoral relation to some of the people of Wood- 
bridge, notwithstanding his own actual renunciation of all such charge as ap- 
pears, and furthermore constituting new church officers. — Vide letter, Novem- 
ber 23, 1711. 

2. By finding fiiult with some of our Presbytery for providing a supply 
according to the mind of the whole Presbytery, who always designed Mr. 
Wade to supply no longer than till another could be had. — Vide letter, Sep- 
tember 16, 1712. 



28 MIKUTES OF THE [1712. 

3. By opposing the settlement of Mr. Gillespie, a preacher from North 
Britain, though recommended heartily by Dr. Mather, as well as sufficiently 
from Glasgow, and at first generally liked by the people of Woodbridge. — Vide 
Dr. Mather's last letter to "Woodbridge. 

4. But most of all, and which indeed includes all, by a shameful recantation 
which he, the said Mr. Wade, made, in a letter to three of our number, dated 
November 23, 1711, of what he solemnly and frankly acknowledged, upon con- 
viction of his conscience, as he said, viz. that he had been a bone of contention 
at Woodbridge, and therefore, that he might be so no longer, he demitted all 
pastoral relation to them, heartily wishing they might unite in calling another 
which the Presbytery might approve of, as our records make appear; this he 
DOW declares he recants, so that it seems he resolves still upon being the 
wretched bone of contention, and therefore labours what he can, contrary both 
to the greatest part of the people, and the mind of the Presbytery, to plant 
himself there again, or if not, to keep up the contention. And though Mr. 
Wade has not attended this Presbytery, yet his own letters above cited, besides 
the personal knowledge of several members of this Presbytery concerning this 
affair, and the letters from the people, dated one of them, November (3, 1711, 
another September 13, 1712, besides one from Mr. Thomas Pike, of November 
10th, 1711, do sufficiently evidence the contentions about him to be as great as 
ever. — Vide letter Nov. 23, 1711. 

We, therefore, in the fear and name of our great Master, do appoint and or- 
dain that the said Mr. Wade do no longer exercise his ministerial office at the 
town of Woodbridge, or among the people thereof, unless allowed by the Pres- 
bytery hereafter, but that he forthwith, and without resistance, directly or in- 
directly, give place to some other whom God in his providence may send, and 
the good people of Woodbridge, or the major part of them, call and agree about. 

Ordered, That 3Ir. Andrews and Anderson write upon that head to Dr. Cot- 
ton Mather, Mr. Nathaniel Wade, and the people of Woodbridge. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, afternoon. 

P.M. 

The letter to the people of Cohanzy was read and approven. 

The Presbytery received a letter from Mr. Gillespie, and it was ordered that 
Mr. Henry write an answer unto it. 

A complaint of the melancholy circumstances Mr. John Macky, in Elizabeth 
River, Virginia, labours under, by IMr. Henry, the Presbytery was concerned. 
And Mr. John Hampton saying that he designed to write to him on an affair 
of his own, the Presbytery desired him to signify their regard to, and concern 
for him. 

The affair of David Evans came into consideration, and it was appointed that 
Mr. Hampton, Henry, and Morgan, inc^uire into his proficiency in learning, and 
give in a report the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, to-morrow. 

23 Die Martis, post 2>rcces, <&;c. 

The letter to Mr. Gillespie was read and approven. 

The brethren appointed to inquire into David Evans' proficiency in learning 
brought in their report, that he had for the time, made considerable profi- 
ciency ; whereupon it was voted, whether he should be ordained before the 
next Presbytery, according to the people's desire, and it was cai-ried in the 
negative. 

Ordered, That he continue to follow his studies under the inspection of Mr. 
Andrews, ttc, as heretofore. 



1712.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 29 

The letters to Dr. Cotton Mather, Mr. Wade, and the people of Woodbridge, 
were written and approven.* 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews preach next Presbytery on the 11th verse of 
the first of the Hebrews, and Mr. McNish on the 12th. 

* To Dr. Cotton Mather. 

September, 1712. 

Rev. and Dear Brother : — You are not altogether unacquainted with the troubles that 
have been long at Woodbridge, by reason of the difference between Mr. Wade and a great 
part of the people there, which have occasioned much exercise and perplexity to us from 
year to year at our anniversary meetings, not only since his admission into our society, 
but also diverse years before. We hoped when he became one of us, we should have been 
instrumental of putting an end to those unhappy jarrs and feuds, but to our great sor- 
row, we have found ourselves miserably disappointed, for the contention increased rather 
than decreased presently thereupon, and has done so ever since. At our Presbytery last 
year, diverse of the people of Woodbridge appeared, some for aud others against Mr. 
Wade ; and grievous scandals were charged upon him, against which he made the best 
vindication he could, but not so good, but that we thought convenient to advise him to 
demit his pastoral relation to the whole people of Woodbridge, which advice he readily 
acquiesced in. 

That the place might not be altogether destitute, it was thought expedient to make him 
their supply till another could be procured, to the satisfaction of the Presbytery and 
people. Mr. Wade, with tears in his eyes and trembling hands, declared he would be 
no longer a bone of contention there, which was matter of great rejoicing and satisfac- 
tion to us, expecting this would undoubtedly tend to the comfort and quiet of that mis- 
erable town ; in which also our hope was frustrated to our great concern and lamentation. 

Notwithstanding of such a free resignation of his charge made by him, he no sooner 
returned home, but he told the people, with ostentation, that now he was more firmly 
fixed in Woodbridge than ever he was before ; and instead of complying with his demis- 
sion so solemnly made, and joining with the people to get another minister, as he had 
promised to us ; when the town came together to consider of that matter, he declared that 
he stood as fair to be voted for as any man, and contended that a vote should be first 
past with respect to himself, fallaciously and falsely pretending private instructions from 
divers members of the Presbytery so to do ; thereby overturning and misapplying all 
that was done at the Presbytery, to the breaking up of the meeting once and again re 
infecta, and to the further confusion of the town, which constrained the people to send a 
messenger to a coram of our number for explication of our letter, which was very plain 
of itself. Moreover he had the confidence in his letter to those, not only to claim an 
interest in a part of the people still, as his church, but to recant that expression, wherein 
he had declared, that he would be no longer a bone of contention, thereby virtually 
renouncing his demission he had so formally made ; which i-ecantation, by the best infor- 
mation we can get, he hath effectually complied withal, by his continuing to be the 
miserable bone of contention there. For it plainly appears to us, that it is his industri- 
ous endeavour to prevent the happy settlement of that place in another minister, either 
by setting up himself again, or keeping up the contention, or both. 

We hoped that when Mr. Gillespie came there, (a gentleman recommended with an 
excellent character, and of so laudable a carriage,) that he should have been the happy 
instrument of uniting that people, especially when his management there was to univer- 
sal satisfaction And it is our opinion it had been so, if Mr. Wade had concurred with 
the people in it. But when he returned from Boston with your letter, (which, we doubt 
not, was with a sincere intention to promote the good of Woodbridge,) giving encour- 
agement concerning one Mr. Wiswall ; the town became divided betwixt Mr. Gillespie 
and Mr. Wiswall, which division we fear is too much owing to Mr. Wade, there appear- 
ing all likelihood of agreement in Mr. Gillespie before, which mistake we conclude to 
flow from misinformation, as your last letter to some in Woodbridge intimates. 

We being fully persuaded, after serious deliberation aud consultation, that so long as 
there is any hopes of Mr. Wade's preaching in Woodbridge, these feuds and animosities 
will be endless, have ordained and appointed, in the name and fear of our great Master, 
that the said Mr. Wade do no longer exercise his ministerial oiBce at that town of Wood- 
bridge, or among the people thereof, unless hereafter allowed by the Presbytery. We 
were constrained to this appointment, though Mr. Wade were not personally present, as 
being the only thing we could propose, aud the utmost we could do for the good of poor 
Woodbridge. 

Now sir, our joint request to you is, that you will use your utmost endeavour for the 



30 MINUTES OF THE [1713. 

Nest Presbytery appointed to be at New Custle, on tbe third Tuesday of 
September, 1713. 

1 r I J5. 

At a Presbytery held at New Castle, which began, 

Srptrnihcr 15th, 1712. Post jnrces sederunt, 

Ministers : Messrs. Jcdcdiah Andrews, George McXish, John Henry, James 
Anderson. 

Mr. James Anderson was chosen Clerk, and Mr. John Henry, IModcrator. 

re-uniting of that people by persuading them and Mr. AVadeto lay aside all former resent- 
ments and prejudices against one another, and peaceably acquiesce in the settlement of 
Mr. Gillespie, if he may be prevailed upon. And in case this proposal should fail, by Mr. 
Gillespie's removal, which we very mucli fear, that they may jointly agree in another 
suitable person, whom yourself with our other reverend brethren in Boston shall recom- 
mend, or that Providence may otherwise provide. We the more earnestly desire the 
speedy settlement of that place, upon the advantages that other persuasions take from 
those divisions, to make parties among them. And we fear, that in case it be not sooa 
done, we shall lose that town, which we look upon as a place of considerable consequence. 
Thus ha%-ing laid before you the miseries of that deplorable town, and the necessity of 
its speedy relief, we conclude, recommending you and your holy labours to the blessing 
of our glorious Lord, and rest, Reverend Brother, 

Your aflfectionate Brethren in Christ. — [^Letter Book.'] 

To Mr. Nathaniel Wade. 

September, 1712. 

^Ir. Wade: — We have had our meeting according to appointment, and were sorry that 
your business could not allow your attendance; your reasons intimated in your letter 
Vere sustained. The continued feuds between you and the people of Woodbridge came 
again under consideration, and after mature deliberation, we drew up the following over- 
ture, as the determination of the Presbytery concerning j-ourself, which we here trans- 
cribe and send you, expecting your ready compliance therewith. And at the same time 
earnestly exhort you, in the name and fear of God, to be so far from countenancing any 
differences among the people, by being a bone ofco?itention, that you do use your utmost 
interest in them for their mutual peace and concord, as becomes a minister of the Prince 
of Peace. We account it would be an honourable thing in you that you use your best 
endeavours, that the worthy gentleman now among you, Mr. Gillespie, may be retained, 
and not discouraged ; and that the people that have hitherto adhered to you. may be 
advised thankfully to acquiesce in him. And in case these differences should drive Mr. 
Gillespie out of the town, (which we hope no man will dare to maintain for that purpose,) 
we expect you will conscientiously, what in you lies, labour with the people that the place 
in.ay be settled in the enjoyment of some other suitable person whom Providence shall 
provide. In a word, we earnestly recommend to you, that you study the peace and quiet 
of the town, that they may become at length, if it can be, happy in the enjoyment of an 
established ministry, .acconling to the present desires of the people, that so these quarrels 
may not be carried on ad injinititm. — [Letter Book. J 

The Overture is iu the book of minutes. 

To our Christian Friends at Woodbridge. 

September, 1712. 

Christian Friends and Dearly Beloved : — We liave again taken much pains and spent 
much time in deliberating upon the deploral)le differences of your town, which have 
heretofore cost us so much perplexity and trouble. And after impartial weighing and 
considering all circumstances we came to this conclusion, that so long as Mr. Wade docs 
or may preach in the place, the people will neither agree in him nor in any other. We have, 
therefore, in the name and fear of our great Master, ordained and appointed tl»at he do 
no longer exercise his ministerial office at your town, or among the people thereof, unless 
allowed by the Presbytery hereafter, of which we have given intimation iu our letter to 
him. We do earnestly exhort and entreat you, in the bowels of our Lord .Jesus Christ, that 
laying aside all prejudices and animosities among one another, you do study peace, love, 
unity, and concoi-d, as you did solemnly engage not long since in a public meeting held 
among you. Divine Providence having sent among you so worthy a man as Mr. 



1713.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 31 

Mr. Robert Lawson, Mr. Daniel Magill, and Mr. George Gillespie, having 
applied to this Presbytery for admittance as members thereof, and the Presby- 
tery finding, by their ample testimonials, that they have been legally and or- 
derly ordained as ministers of the Gospel, and that they have since behaved 
themselves as such, did cheerfully and cordially receive them, and so they took 
their places. 

After which the names of the members being called, there were present. 

Ministers : Messrs. Jedediah Andrews, George McNish, John Henry, James 
Anderson, Robert Lawson, Daniel Magill, and George Gillespie. 

Elders : Messrs. Joseph Yard. Rowlaph Dehaws, James Caldwell, James 
Bell, Alexander White. 

Absent, Mr. John Hampton, whose letter of excuse was read and sustained. 
Mr. Joseph Morgan was likewise absent. 

Next sederunt appointed to be at three o'clock, afternoon, and so after 
prayer the Presbytery was dismissed. 

P. M. at three o'clock, post preces sederunt ut supra. 

According to appointment of last Presbytery, Mr. Hampton and Mr. Henry 
spoke to Mr. Davis concerning his former absence, and being on account of Mr. 
Hampton's sickness, necessarily absent, he is for this time excused. 

Mr. Bi-attou, mentioned in last year's minutes, to our great grief deceased, 
October 1712. 

Mr. Van Vleck bringing certain papers immediately after breaking up of the 
Presbytery last year, to clear himself from the crimes charged upon him, as 
may more fully appear by a memorandum in the Book of Letters : and there 
being an appointment made to examine the validity of these papers, it was 
judged by those appointed to inspect into that matter, that he was guilty. 
( Vide Book of Letters.) And he being now absent, and nothing yet appearing 
for his vindication, it is appointed that his suspension shall continue.* 

Gillespie, we cannot but recommend him to your countenance and encouragement, as a 
person, by tlie character he bears, by all information concerning him, worthy of your 
acceptance, and in whom we hope you may be happy, if you can agree. To our lamen- 
tation and sorrow we hear that the differences among you have produced thoughts in him, 
that his abiding there will make him very uncomfortable. Nevertheless we shall en- 
deavour to strengthen his hands and encourage his heart to try a while longer, waiting 
for the effect of our renewed essays for peace and quietness among you. And in case 
you should be so unhappy as to lose so deserving a man, we justly fear his removal may 
prove a vast discouragement to another from venturing among you, which we conclude 
all serious Christians will lay to heart. Nevertheless if these contentions should drive 
him away, we hope you will still labour to be unanimous in the call and settlement of 
another suitable person ; and we shall not be wanting, both by our prayers and other en- 
deavours, to promote your happiness in the enjoyment of so great a blessing. And so 
recommending you to the grace of God, we remain your cordial well-wishers.— 
\_LeUer Book. ] 

* Memorandum. 

That the next day after the Presbytery broke up, IMr. Paulus Van Vleck making his 
appearajice with some papers to vindicate himself from the crime of bigamy, which all 
the members had a sight of, but all of them being just upon departing, except Mr. An- 
drews, McNish, and iJampton, it was left to these to consider of those papers, which 
they did, and thought them not sufhcient to clear him from that scandal. There came 
also complaints against him for telling lies, concerning some things which he bought of 
Mr. Vauder Gaegh, and said his mother sent them out of Holland. Whereupon these 
members gave this as their judgment, that in case he should clear himself from the im- 
putation of bigamy, yet that he should not be allowed to exercise his ministerial of&ce 
till he cleared himself from the said charge of lying also. 
Further, it being reported there was a letter at New York from the said Mr. Van Vleck' a 



32 MINUTES OF THE [1713. 

Mr. George Gillespie having read a call from the people of Whiteclay Creek, 
and having delivered a sermon and exegesis, and being examined as to his know- 
ledge in the original languages, his skill in philosophy and theology, by Messrs. 
Andrews, Anderson, and Morgan, according to the appointment of the Presby- 
tery, was approved, and solemnly set apart and ordained, by fasting, prayer, 
and imposition of hands, to the office of the sacred ministry, upon the 2b th day 
of May, 1713.* 

Mr. Hampton writ to ]Mr. John Makie according to appointment. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews deliver his Presbytcrial exercise to-morrow, at 
eleven o'clock. 

Mr. George McNish not having his Presbytcrial exercise ready, and excusing 
himself on account of sickness for a mouth past, was blamed for not prepa- 
ring of it sooner, and ordered to prepare and deliver the same for the next 
Presbytery. 

Adjourned till to-morrow, nine o'clock. 

Die Mercurii, \%tli day. Post preces sederunt^ dx. 

The Eev. Mr. Howell Powell having offered himself for admittance as a 
member of this Presbytery, the Presbytery was so well satisfied with what 

mother, that contradicted these which he produced, Mr. McNish aud Hampton being 
bound tliither, it was left to them to inspect into that affair. 

Memorandum Second, October 24, 1712. 

Mr. Hampton being; returned, makes this report, that they having made inspection 
according; to order, found a letter from said Van Vleck's mother to his uncle, Jacob I'he- 
nix, or his wife, bearing date within tliree or four daj's with Van Vleck's letter, and con- 
tradictory to his, testifying that then his wife was alive; and found also, the hands a3 
they thought, different. Whereupon they were really of opinion, that Mr. Van Vleck 
was guilty of the crime laid to his charge. 

Fhiladelphia, October 25, 1712. 

Mr. Andrews and Hampton's letter to the Dutch people. 
Christian Friends: — AVe have thought fit to communicate unto you further our thoughta 
concerning your affair with Mr. Van Vleck, which are as followeth : First, concerning 
the charge of his having two wives, inquiry has been made at New York as was appoin- 
ted by the meeting, and it's found that there's a letter to Mr. Jacob Phenix, much of the 
same date with Mr. Van Vleck's, but directly contradictory to it, testifying that his wife was 
then alive, neither docs it at all appear to be any forgery, but very genuine, the hand 
agreeing with former letters of Mr. Van Vleck's mother, who wrote this to Phenix. Nor 
does it appear that either Mr. Phenix, or his wife, has any spite or malice again.st Mr. 
Van Vleck at all, so that we are more afraid than ever that he is guilty of that dreadful 
sin laid to his charge. And then, as to his foolish and needless lying, which is a very 
scandalous sin, that is sufficiently evident. Both which crimes are greatly aggravated 
by his drunkenness, besides swearing, and indecent light carriage ; all which, as we do 
greatly lament, so we really think in our consciences you are not to encourage such a 
person, under such grievous scandals, in the work of the holy ministry among you, but 
rather to study and endeavour your supply otherways, by such Christian means as pru- 
dence may direct you. And so, bidding you farewell, and wishing you all grace and 
truth, we remain yours in the Lord. — \_Letter Book.'] 

* Memorandum. 

That on the 28th of May, 1713, Mr. George Gillespie was ordained and set apart to 
the ministerial work by Messrs. Andrews, Anderson, and Morgan. That he preached a 
sermon the day before from Gal. iv. ver. 4th, and part of the 5th, and delivered his exe- 
gesis on this question, viz. An Chrislus pro omnibus el ninquUs sit mortiiiis, discovered hia 
knowledge in the original tongues, answered to sundry questions on several places 
of Scripture and other theological matters; all which was done to good acceptance. — 
\_Leller Book.] 



1713.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 33 

was offered in his behalf with respect to his ordination, &c. that it was agreed 
to admit him as a member, with advice to him to procure further credentials 
from some eminent ministers in England known to some of the members of the 
Presbytery, within a year's time, and that till then it shall be free to him to 
exercise his ministry in all its parts where Providence shall call him, but not 
fully to settle as a fixed minister until the expiration of the said time. 
Adjourned to three o'clock, afternoon. 

P. M. 

A call from the people of Monokin and Wicomico to Mr. Robert Law- 
son, was presented to the Presbytery by James Caldwell, which being offered 
to Mr. Lawson by the moderator, he took it into consideration, with promise 
to give the people an answer as soon as the circumstances of his affairs would 
allow. 

The Presbytery received a letter from the Rev. Mr. Thomas Reynolds, 
wherein he obliges himself to advance thirty pounds for the year 1713, to be 
disposed of by the Presbytery. Appointed that a letter of thanks be writ to 
him by Mr. George McNish, and Mr. Robert Lawson, against the next 
sedertmt.* 

Received a letter from Mr. Wotherspoon, with his credentials enclosed, 
(which were well approved,) as also a letter from the people of Apoquinimy, 
requesting that he may be ordained and settled among them as their minister, 
the consideration of which is delayed till to-morrow. 

Mr. Andrews delivered his Presbyterial exercise, which was approved. 

London, December 24, 1712. 

* Reverend and dear Brethren : — Having this opportunity by our good brother, Mr. 
Robert Lawson, I could not but signify the concern I have for the interest of our com- 
mon Lord in your parts, and let you know, that if it will be of service to support one or 
more ministers to spread the gospel in those parts about you, where it may be most 
needful, I do, for my own part, engage for the year coming, to advance thirty pounds. 
to be paid to any you shall appoint here in London to receive it, upon condition that I 
have first some timely advice of it by letter from our Rev. Brother Mr. Lawson, the 
bearer hereof. And if in after years I may be in a capacity, I shall do what I can to 
serve you. I desire to hear from you as soon as may be, and should be glad to be an 
instrument of disappointing any that can encourage no expectation from us. Praying 
the Lord abundantly to prosper the great work in your hand, I am, in great sincerity, 
your atfectionate brother.— [Z/e«er Book.'\ THOMAS REYNOLDS. 

The Presbytery held at New Castle, September 17, 1713, to the Rev. Mr. Thomas Rey- 
nolds, in London. 

Reverend Sir :— We received your letter dated December 24, 1712, per the Rev. Mr. 
Robert Lawson, and after blessing God that any, especially of your character, regards 
us, the skirts of Christ's Church in this American wilderness, we applaud your generous 
and public spirit, and make a return of our hearty and best wishes with the utmost 
gratitude, and so much the more, that though we have often addressed several of the 
reverend ministers of London, you are the first and only one who hath taken notice of 
us by letter. 

Sir, your seasonable bounty for the relief of some weak congregations, unable of 
themselves to subsist at present in maintaining their own ministers, makes the conduct 
of Divine Providence the more remarkable unto us. 

We shall be faithful in a just application of the same according to your direction. 
Dear sir, give us leave humbly to request the continuance of your concern for us, and 
the interok of Christ iu these parts ; and moreover that you use your interest, which we 
know to be great, with others for engaging their Christian liberality in order to aid ne- 
cessitous places ; want of support to ministers, in many corners, being a mighty bar to 
the spreading of the gospel. 

Our Rev. Brother, Mr. Robert Lawson, will advise how the money you so kindly 
promise, shall be disposed of. We humbly salute, &c. and pray, k<i.—\_LeUer Book.'\ 

5 



34 MINUTES OF THE [1714. 

A letter from the people of Cohanzy, desiring advice about the choice of a 
minister, being presented to the Presbytery by Mr. Ephraim Sayre, it was 
agreed, in answer to the said letter, that our Rev. Brother, Mr. Howell Powell, 
do officiate as minister of the gospel among them till the nest Presbytery or at 
bis discretion. 

Adjourned till to-morrow, eight o'clock. 

17 day, Die Jovis, at eight o'clock. 

The business of Mr. Wotherspoon and the people of Apoquinimy came again 
into consideration, upon which the Presbytery appointed as follows, That Mas- 
ters Andrews, Anderson, Powell, Jones, and Gillespie, do manage in the affiiir 
between Mr. Wotherspoon and the people of Apoquinimy, that after a formal 
call presented before them by the said people of Apoquinimy, they, at their own 
discretion, appoint the said Mr. Wotherspoon to pass his trials before them, and 
that if they shall be fully satisfied as to his qualifications, they proceed to his 
ordination, and settlement among that people. 

Appointed, That Mr. Andrews write a letter to Mr. Wotherspoon, and bring 
it in the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, afternoon. 

P. M. 

Mr. Andrews writ the letter to Mr. Wotherspoon according to appointment, 
and it was approved. 

Mr. McNish, Lawson, and Henry, writ an answer to Mr. Reynold's letter, 
which was approved. (See preceding note.) 

Upon the desire of the people of Welsh Tract, it was ordered, that Mr. David 
Evans reside and preach amongst them till the next Presbytery. 

Inquiry was made, according to a former appointment, of ministers and the 
people's representatives, concerning the mutual afi"airs between ministers and 
people, in their respective congregations. 

Mr. Gillespie ordered to write a letter to the Synod of Glasgow.* 

Ordered, That Masters 3IcNish, McGill, Henry, and Gillespie, apply the 
thirty pounds promised to this Presbytery by the Rev. Thomas Reynolds, of 
London, to what members of the Presbytery they think fit. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wotherspoon have a Presbyterial Exercise the next Pres- 
bytery upon Heb. i. 13. 

The next Presbytery appointed to be held at Philadelphia on the first Tues- 
day of September, 1714. 

1714. 

At a Presbytery held at Philadelphia, which began 

September 7th, 1714. 

Where were present : 

Ministers : Mr. John Hampton, Mr. Jedediah Andrews, Mr. James Ander- 
son, Mr. Daniel McGill, Mr. George Gillespie, Mr. Howell Powell, Mr. Robert 
Wothcr.spoon. 

Elders : Samuel Hopkins, Joseph Yard, Alexander Bcal, Hugh Porter, Hans 
Hanson, Joseph Scaly, John Gardner, Segfrigus Alricks. 

Mr. Andrews was chosen moderator, and Mr. Anderson clerk. 

Mr. Morgan's reasons for his absence last year, as also this year, were sus- 
tained. 

Mr. Davis, Henry, and McNish, absent. 

* Memorandum. 

That Mr. George Gillespie writ the letter to the Synod of Glasgow as was appointed. 
— [^Letter £00/0."] 



1714.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 35 

The affair of Mr. Van Vleck's suspension continued for further consideration 
and inquiry, until next sederunt. 

The affair of Mr. McNish's absence and preaching referred, to be considered 
at next sederunt. 

The affair of Mr. Howell Powell referred, to be considered at the next 
sederunt. 

The minutes relating to Mr. Robert Lawson's call to Monokin, contained in 
the last year's proceedings, being read, it was found that he departed this life 
November last year. 

It was reported by the ministers appointed to transact the affair relating to 
Mr. Wotherspoon's ordination, that they in compliance with, the last year's 
minutes, did solemnly by prayer, fasting, and imposition of hands, ordain the 
said Mr. Robert Wotherspoon, unto the sacred function and office of the 
ministry, to the Presbyterian congregation at Apoquinimy, upon the 13th day 
of May, 1714.* 

There has been no answer as yet from the Rev. Mr. Reynolds, concerning a 
letter writ last year by this Presbytery to him. 

Mr. David Evans obeyed his appointment with respect to his residing and 
preaching at Welsh-Tract. 

Mr. Robert Wotherspoon having not provided his Presbyterial exercise ac- 
cording to appointment ; it was ordered that he should provide it against next 
year's meeting, and that he preach a sermon upon Thursday next, here ; and 
that the moderator should Presbyterially admonish him to be more careful for 
time coming, which accordingly was done. 

The condition of several desolate places being represented by some members, 
the consideration of it was referred to the next sederunt. 

After which the Presbytery was adjourned till to-morrow morning at nine 
o'clock. 

Wednesday, Ihr. 8th, at 9 o'clock, Ante M. sederunt ut s%ipra. 

The last minutes came to be read. 

The affair of Mr. Van Vleck was referred till to-morrow. 

Mr. McNish's affair also continued. 

The Presbytery having considered that their brother, Mr. Powell, had used 
diligence to procure further credentials, according to the last year's minutes, 
but not having as yet received answers from England, and we being further 
satisfied by so long trial and personal acquaintance, together with other conside- 
rable circumstances, and now an unanimous call being presented to us for him, 
from the people of Cohanzy, the Presbytery, after mature deliberation, did sus- 
tain the call, but withal, recommended to him as formerly, that he procure let- 
ters from England ut supra. 

Appointed that Mr. Hampton and Mr. McGrill write a letter to Mr. Thomas 
Reynolds against to-morrow afternoon. 

The Presbytery taking into consideration the desolate condition of the people 
in Kent County, have appointed our brother, Mr. James Anderson, that he 



* Memorandum. 

It being appointed the last Presbytery, that the ordination of ^Mr. Robert Wother- 
spoon, should be left to the discretion of diverse ministers who are named in the minutes ; 
the said members having heard him preach a popular sermon on Heb. vi. 19 ; received 
his exegesis on a question de sanctorum perseverantia, taken on account of his skill in the 
original languages, and likewise his attainments and orthodoxy in theological matters, to 
their satisfaction, did on the 13th day of May, 1714, set apart the said Mr. Wotherspoon 
unto the work of the ministry. 



36 MINUTES OF THE [171-1. 

supply them with preaching, &c., one Sabbath in the month till the next Pres- 
bytery, and that there be a letter accordingly writ to them by the moderator, 
signifying the Trcsbytery's concern with relation to them, and that it be brought 
in to-morrow. 

Afterwards adjourned till 3 o'clock afternoon. 

Post Meridiem, 3 o'clock, sederunt vt supra. 

The call from the people of Cohanzy being read and presented to Mr. Hdwell 
Powell by the moderator, was by him accepted ; whereupon the Presbytery 
appointed Mr. Jedediah Andrews to preach his admission sermon, at the time 
that shall be agreed upon betwixt the people and him. 

The Presbytery taking into consideration the desolate condition, and also the 
desire of the people at Cedar Creek, have, in order to their being supplied as 
much as at this juncture can be, appointed as follows : tliat Mr. George Gilles- 
pie preach there the third Sabbath of October, Mr. Wotherspoon the third 
Sabbath of November ; and if Mr. x\nderson can, he is desired to go upon the 
third Sabbath of March ; as also Mr. Hampton on the third Sabbath of June ; 
Mr. Evans is appointed to go the third Sabbath of April ; and Mr. Bradner the 
third Sabbath of May ; and Mr. John Henry on the third Sabbath of July. 
And it is appointed that Mr. Davis preach the third Sabbath of February, and 
that he preach there at other times as often as he can. 

An unanimous call from the people of Welsh Tract to Mr. David Evans, 
bein<^ presented to us and approven, we offered it to him, which he accepted ; 
whereupon it was appointed as follows, viz : 

That Mes.srs. Jedediah Andrews, Jones, Anderson, Gillespie, and Wother- 
spoon, solemnly ordain him to the work and office of the ministry, after having 
been satisfied with his ministerial abilities, in any pieces of trial they shall 
think fit to appoint him. 

The supplication of the people of Cape May, with respect to Mr. John Brad- 
ner, preacher, being presented by David Wells, in the name of the rest of that 
people, was read, and the further consideration of that affair was referred until 
the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till to-morrow, 9 o'clock. 

Die Jovis at 9 o'clock, sederunt ut supra. 

The letter of the moderator to the people of Kent County, was read and 
approven. 

This day jMr. Davis and Henry came, and the reason of their absence until 
this time was sustained. 

It is reported that Mr. Samuel Davis, Mr. Hampton, and Mr. Henry, having 
upon good and sufficient reasons taken Mr. John Bradner under trials in order 
to his being licenced to preach the gospel, and having gone through the ordi- 
nary pieces of trial, and being satisfied with him therein, as also with respect 
to the orthodoxy of his faith, did license him accordingly in March last ; which 
was approven. 

The petition and call from the people of Cape May, with respect to Mr. 
Bradner, being now considered, and he having accepted of their call and peti- 
tion, it is ai)pointcd that Messrs. Davis, Andrews, Anderson, Powell, and 
Wotherspoon, take the said JMr. Bradner under trials in order to his being or- 
dained in that place, and that they proceed in the aforesaid affair as they shall 
eee fit. 

Adjourned till 3 o'clock, afternoon. 



171i.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 37 

P. M. 3 o'clock, sederunt ut supra. 

The letter appointed to be writ to Mr. Reynolds by Mr. Hampton and McGill, 
was read and appro ven.* 

The Rev. Mr. Malachi Jones, having offered himself to be a member of this 
Presbytery, the Presbytery taking his affair into consideration, and being very 
well satisfied as to his ordination and other qualifications, did heartily accept 
of his offer, and accordingly admitted him. 

There being diverse people in the Great Valley with whom Mr. David Evans 
has been concerned, it was queried whether said people should be looked upon 
as a part of the church and congregation of the Welsh-Tract, or a distinct body 
by themselves, and it was carried by the Presbytery that they be esteemed a 
distinct society. 

Inquiry was made according to a former appointment, of the ministers and 
the people's representatives, concerning their mutual affairs, betwixt ministers 
and people in their respective congregations. 

Mr. McNish his Presbyterial exercise is appointed to be delivered the next 
year, the reason of his absence now not being known to the Presbytery. 

Adjourned till to-morrow, 7 o'clock. 

At 7 o'clock, A. M. sederunt ut svpra. 

For the better establishing and settling congregations, it is ordered and ap- 
pointed that in every congregation there be a sufficient number of assistants 
chosen, to aid the minister in the management of congregational affairs, and 
that there be a book of records for that effect, and that the same be annually 
brought here to be revised by the Presbytery. 

The business of Mr. Paul Van Vleck being come again under consideration, 
it is determined that the censure of suspension which he already lies under 
should continue; and that Mr. Andrews and Mr. McNish make further in- 

• To Mr. Thomas Reynolds, Minister in London. 

7 br. 10th, 1714. 

Reverend Sir : — We hope that you've received our former letter, in which, according to 
duty, vpe did return you our hearty thanks for that Christian and charitable spirit which 
had discovered itself in you, and your zeal in order to the support of the gospel among 
us ; and at the same time we intimated to you how we had applied, in the most charita- 
ble manner, that money which you had dedicated to the support of God's works in these 
parts, namely, ten pounds sterling for Philadelphia, ten for New Castle, and ten for our 
dear and now deceased brother, Mr. Robert Lawsou. As also we earnestly intimated the 
continuance of the same favour for the same purposes. But neither we nor the gentle- 
men coEcerned have received, as yet, any answer from you. If it shall suit with your 
pleasure and convenience, to continue the same favour, as your former was applied ac- 
cording to our disposal, dear brother, there is the same prospect of advancing God's 
work in these parts of the world, several applications being made to us for supply ; but 
we being so few in number, places being so far distant, and we having no ministers 
among us but pastors of congregations, and not being in a capacity to maintain any 
itinerant preachers, who might be helpful in order to the propagation of the gospel ; we 
must with great concern intimate unto you, that notwithstanding of all that possibly we 
can do, the work of the Lord must suifer. We hope you will consider and improve what 
we have narrated concerning our present circumstances, and shall expect to hear from 
you the first opportunity, which shall be very gratifying to, Reverend Sir, your fellow 
labourers in the work of the gospel of Christ. 

P. S. Lear Sir : — We judge it worthy of your consideration, that in the province of 
Pennsylvania and territoi-ies, and also in the Jerseys, there is no conformable ministry 
according to the Church of England established, and therefore you may easily perceive 
that this is the proper season for advancing the gospel in the truth and purity. Yours, 
ut supra. 

P. S. 2d. Mr. McNish, per order from us, wrote you upon the premises last fill.— 
[^Letter Book.'\ 



38 MINUTES OF THE [1715. 

quiry concerning his circumstances and condition, by writing to Holland or 
otherwise, and make report the next Presbytery. 

The reasons of Mr. McXish his absence until this sederunt, were heard and 
sustained. 

Mr. Samuel Davis having not delivered his Presbyterial exercise formerly 
appointed him on Heb. i. 4, it is ordered that he have it next year. 

The place appointed for the next Presbytery is New Castle, and to be held 
on the third Tuesday of September, in the year 1715. 

And so afterwards the Presbytery was dissolved. 

1715. 

At a Presbytery held at New Castle, 

September 20th, 1715. 

Ministers present : Mr. Jedediah Andrews, Mr. Greorge McNish, Mr. John 
Hampton, Mr. James Anderson, Mr. Daniel McGill, Mr. Howell Powell, Mr. 
George Gillespie, Mr. llobert Wotherspoon, Mr. Malachi Jones, Mr. David 
Evans, Mr. John Braduer. 

Elders present: Nathaniel Hopkins, Joseph Yard, Sylvester Garland, "William 
Scott, James Alexander, Ephraim Sayer, Thomas Heywood, John Parsons, 
Evan Rowland. 

Mr. Hampton was chosen moderator, and Mr. Evans clerk. 

Ordered, That the last years' minutes be read over. 

Messrs. Davis, Henry, and Morgan, were absent. 

Mr. Wotherspoon delivered his Presbyterial exercise according to appoint- 
ment, and it was approved of. 

It being appointed by the last Presbytery, that Mr. Howell Powell should 
get further credentials from England, the Presbytery is now satisfied in that 
matter. 

Our brother, Mr. Anderson, hath supplied the people of Kent County ac- 
cording to appointment. 

Mr. Andrews preached Mr. Powell's admission sermon the fifteenth day of 
October last, according to appointment. 

The supplies that were appointed for the people of Cedar Creek by the last 
Presbytery, were complied with. 

The ministers appointed last year to ordain Mr. David Evans, did upon the 
third day of November last, by fasting, prayer, and imposition of hands, sol- 
emnly set him apart to the work of the ministry among the people of Welsh 
Tract, having been satisfied with his ministerial qualifications.* 

The llev. Mr. Andrews, Powell, and Evans, with the approbation of the 
other ministers mentioned in the last year's minutes, having taken an account 
of Mr. John Braduer's ministerial qualifications to their satisfaction, did upon 
the (ith day of May last, by fasting, prayer, and imposition of hands, solemnly 
set apart the said Mr. Braduer to the work of the ministry among the people 
of Cape May.f 

'Memorandum. 

It being appointed the last Presbytery, that the ordination of Mr. David Evans should 
be left to the discretion of diverse ministers mentioned in the minutes ; the said mem- 
bers having heard him preach a pojtular sermon on Romans iii, 31, received his exeijesis 
oa a question de necessitate spccialis Spintus Saneti operalionis ad conversioncin, taken au 
account of his skill in the original languages, and likewise of his attainments and ortho- 
doxy in tlieological matters, to their satisfaction, did on the third day of November, 
1714, ordain the said Mr. Evaas to the work of the ministry. — \_Lcttcr Bouk.'\ 

f Memorandum 

It being appointed the last Presbytery that the ordination of Mr. John Bradner should 
be left to the discretion and management of sundry ministers meutioued in the book of 



1715.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 39 

The affair of Mr. Reynolds bis letter referred to the next sederunt. 
The inquiry about matters between ministers and people, and session-books, 
referred till afterwards. 

The affair of Mr. Van Vleck referred to next sederunt. 
Adjourned till to-morrow, eight o'clock. 

21 day, Wednesday, sessione 2da. sederunt ut supra. 

The minute concerning Mr. Reynolds his affair, continued till the next 
sederunt. 

Mr. Van Vleck's affair also continued till the next sederunt. 

Mr. James Gordon having presented a call from the people of Baltimore 
county, in 3Iaryland, unto Mr. Hugh Conn, the Presbytery called for, considered, 
and approved the said Mr. Conn's credentials as a preacher of the gospel, and 
likewise considered and approved the call, which being presented by the mode- 
rator unto the said Mr. Conn, he accepted of it, whereupon it was appointed 
that Mr. McCrill, Anderson, Grillespie, Wotherspoon, and Evans, after being 
satisfied with his ministerial abilities, should solemnly by prayer, fasting, and 
imposition of hands, ordain him unto the work of the ministry among the 
abovesaid people, the third Thursday of October next. 

Mr. Philip Ringo having presented a call from the people of Maidenhead and 
Hopewell, in West Jersey, unto Mr. Robert Orr, the Presbytery called for, con- 
sidered of, and approved the said Mr. Orr his credentials as a preacher of the 
gospel, and likewise considered of, and approved the call, which being presented 
by the moderator unto the said Mr. Orr, he accepted of it, whereupon it was 
appointed that Mr. Andrews, Powell, McNish, Jones, and Morgan, after having 
been satisfied with the said Mr. Orr his ministerial abilities, should solemnly 
ordain him by fasting, prayer, and imposition of hands, unto the work of the 
ministry among the said people of Hopewell and Maidenhead, on the third 
Wednesday of October next. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, afternoon. 

Post 3feridiem, three d clock. Postpreces sederunt ut supra. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews and Mr. McGill write to the Rev. Mr. Thomas 
Reynolds, of London, to maintain the correspondence that hath been between 
the Presbytery and him.* 



minutes ; two of the said number, viz : Mr. Andrews and Mr. Powell, in conjunction 
with Mr. David Evans, and with the approbation of the rest of the ministers concerned, 
went to Cape May on that errand. And they having heard the said Mr. Bradner preach 
a popular sermon from Phil. ii. 12, 13, received his exegesis, De materia Justificationis, 
taken an account of his skill in the original tongues, and also of his attainments and 
orthodoxy in Divinity to their satisfaction, did on the sixth day of May, 1715, ordain the 
said Mr. Bradner to the work of the ministry. 

Mr. Andrews preached the admission sermon of Mr. Powell at Cohanzy.— [Ze«er Book.'^ 

* To Mr. Thomas Reynolds, in London. 

September 23, 1715. 

Reverend Sir : — We thought fit at this our anniversary, (as we did likewise last year,) 
to transmit a few lines expressive of our desire, that a correspondence, which you were 
pleased to begin by your kind letter the year before last, may be continued and strength- 
ened, and as a testification of our thankfulness that a person of your character, (when 
so many have, to our frequent disappointment neglected us,) should not only refresh us 
with your letter, but also show your Christian desire for the success of the gospel in 
these parts, by a generous offer of your help for its support, which to our satisfaction we 



40 MINUTES OF THE [1715. 

!Mr. Andrews and Mr. McNish made report concerning Van Vleck, that he 
is run out of the country, and that they, having writ to Holland according to 
appointment, had not yet received any answer. 

Mr. McNish delivered his Presbyterial exercise, and was approven. 

Mr. Samuel Gelston presented credentials of his being licensed to preach the 
gospel, which were considered and approved, and he was appointed to preach 
the next day. 

A letter being presented by Mr. McNish from Mr. John Thomson, proba- 
tioner, lately come into the country, desiring the advice and assistance of the 
Presbytery, it was ordered that Mr. Powell write a letter to him in answer 
to his. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock next day. 

22 day. Thursday, ci(jlu o'clock, sederunt ut stq^ra. 

Mr. Powell writ the letter to Mr. Thomson according to appointment, and it 
was approved. 

Mr. Davis his letter was read, and the reasons for his and Mr. Henry's ab- 
sence were considered and sustained. 

A motion being made by the people of Lewistown concerning their being sup- 
plied with another minister besides Mr. Davis, the Presbytery taking into con- 
sideration the state of that people, and their said desire to have a mini.^^tcr to 
officiate statedly among them, and that Mr. Davis has had no pastoral relation 
in particular to that people ; and considering also, that the present condition 
and posture of Mr. Davis his affairs will not allow of his being a fixed, stated 
pastor to the said people, and the said Davis his willingness that there may be 
a minister provided, (as some of our members have signified to us,) the Pres- 
bytery doth, therefore, appoint that Mr. Andrews, Hampton, and Anderson, 
write to Mr. Davis, and the people of Lewis, signifying that the Presbytery 
approves their desire, and will take care to have them supplied with a minister 
as soon as they can. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews, McNish, and Gillespie, write a letter to the 
people of Patuxent, in relation to the present posture of their affairs there. 

Inquiry was made concerning the respective afiairs between ministers and 
their congregations, as usual. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, afternoon. 

hear has been complied witlial. And it's no small comfort to us, that Mr. Hugh Conn 
gives information of your willingness to continue your bounty for the use abovesaid, 
■which as it would be very acceptable, so it's no less necessary than heretofore. As we 
accept your Christian bounty in good part, and value it as a mark of our common Lord's 
goodness and care to the support of his servants in narrow circumstances among us, so 
we crave leave to beg your pious concern for our common interest, in moving your pub- 
lie spirited friends to go into the same good design for supporting our ministers, (that is, 
those among us, who without some help besides what their own poor congregations are 
able to give, are straitened.) by some annual gratuity. And we can truly assure you, 
that your former kindness was applied, as near as we could apprehend, according to your 
jutention in bestowing it. The reason of our expressing ourselves after this manner, is 
from an information as though you had some particular regard to the .lersies, which, as 
we were altogether unseusible of, so we are well satisfied, if there were any such thing, 
it proceeded from your not being fully acquainted with the condition of these provinces. 
We are much concerned that we received no return in answer to our last, though we have 
ground to think that it's not from your forgetfulness of us, but the miscarriage of your 
fetters, Mr. Conn having acquainted us that he had letters for some of us, and left them 
for conveyance, but they are not yet arrived, and we fear are now quite lost, which 
makes us the more desirous of hearing from you by the first opportunity. We salute 
you heartily in the Lord, &c. — \_Lctter JJoo/c.'] 



1715.] PRESBYTERY OF PHUiADELPHIA. 41 

P. M. 

Mr. Andrews, Hampton, and Anderson, writ the letter to Mr. Davis and the 
people of Lewis, and it was approved.* 

In pursuance of an act made last Presbytery appointing every minister to 
appoint assistants and session books, &c. and in regard diverse of the ministers 
have not complied with the designs of said act, it was therefore ordered, that 
the several ministers come with said books, and perform the other end of the 
said act as it is specified therein. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock the next day. 

23 day. Die Veneris, post preces, sederunt ut supra. 

The Rev. Mr. Samuel Pumry, minister at Newtown, on Long Island, offered 
himself to be a member of this Presbytery, and was heartily and unanimously 
accepted, he promising subjection to the Presbytery, in the Lord. 

The Presbytery taking into consideration that the people of Woodbridge 
have not the sealing ordinances administered among them, from hearty concern 
for that people, (who have been their care formerly,) did appoint Mr. Andrews 
to write pressingly to the said people, that they use utmost diligence to have a 
minister ordained to labour and officiate statedly among them, that the great 
want they are in of the ordinances may be speedily supplied. 

It is appointed that Mr. Andrews write to Mr. Pierson to the effect above- 
said, and report to the next Presbytery. 

The Presbytery taking into their consideration the desolate condition of the 
people of Kent county, and their desire to be supplied, appointed Mr. Samuel 
Gelston to supply them upon trial, with the advice of the neighbouring min- 
isters. 

The letter to the people of Patuxent was read and approved. f 

• To Mr. Davis, and others, at Lewis. 

September 22, 1715, 
Dear Brother Davis, and Christian friends at Lewis : — Having taken into our serious 
considei-ation the present condition with respect to a better establishment of the gospel 
in yoar parts, we came to the following determinations ; that there never having yet been 
a pastoral relation betwixt you, nor likely to be, according to our best apprehension, we 
have judged it best for the glory of God, and your future comforts, to leave you each to 
your choice, to provide yourselves as you can for your spiritual interests, and the in- 
crease of Christ's kingdom. Not doubting but in the mean time you will maintain a 
Christian correspondence, and be mutually as comfortable to one another as your cir- 
cumstances will allow ; our Brother Davis by preaching, when at home, and until 
another supply be found, and our Christian friends by thankfullj"- acknowledging the 
same. And as to a settled ministry, there is one Mr. Thompson now arrived at York, 
■with his wife and family, concerning whom Mr. McNish will, in a little time, give you 
further advice. And in case this should fail, we recommend you to your neighbouring 
ministers for advice. Recommending you to the Lord, and the word of his grace, we 
remain yours, &c. — \_Letter Book.] 

f To our Christian Friends at (Patuxent or) Marlborough, Maryland. 

September, 1715. 

Christian Friends : — Among other valuable friends who justly demand our concern for 
their best interests, we were very willing to remember you, and the weighty matters 
that belong to our common Lord and Saviour in your congregation. We cannot but 
represent it to j'ou, as a thing which ourselves have had much comfort in hearing from 
our brother and your reverend pastor, that when, (as is our practice,) he was interro- 
gate touching the manner of his people's deportment towards him in his pastoral office, 
he made his answer wholly to their advantage, and with a pleasing earnestness to com- 
mend them, as made it apparent to us he had good cause for what he spoke. Notwith- 
standing we cannot but signify to our good friends, how sensibly some things among 
you affect us. The love we bear to our common Lord's interest among you gives us 

6 



42 MINUTES OF THE [1716. 

Appointed, That Mr. Gillespie and Mr. McGrill preach the Presbyterial ex- 
ercises nest year. Mr. Gillespie from ver. 14, of Heb. i., and Mr. McGill 
from Heb. ii. ver. 1. 

It is appointed that it be recommended to all and every member of this Pres- 
bytery, that betwixt this and our next meeting they may think of, and prepare, 
what they may judge most necessary to be presented to our Presbytery for the 
common or particuhir good of all or any of us. 

Appointed, That the next Presbytery be held at Philadelphia upon the third 
Tuesday of September, 1716. 

1716. 

At a Presbytery held at Philadelphia, 

September l^tJi, 1716. Post ^yreces sedemnt 

Mr. Hampton moderator, Mr. Andrews, Mr. McNish, Mr. John Henry, Mr. 
James Anderson, Mr. George Gillespie, Mr. Puniry, Mr. Orr, ministers. 

John Dredden, David Giffin, John Steel, Enoch Anderson, elders. 

Absent ministers, Masters McGill, Powell, Bradner, Jones, Conn, "Wother- 
spoon, Evans, Morgan, and Davis, and their elders. 

Mr. McNish was chosen moderator, and Mr. Anderson clerk. 

Mr. Edmundson being present as a representative of the congregation of Pa- 
tuxent, and their minister absent, it was put to the vote, whether the said Mr. 
Edmundson should act here as a representative notwithstanding the minister's 
absence, and carried in the affirmative, ncmine contradicentc. 

The last year's minutes were ordered to be read. 

Mr. Morgan's absence the last and this year referred to the next sederunt, to 
be considered. 

great uneasiness at hearing any of Satan's devices threatening your gospel peace, and 
the mutual love the followers of Christ are strictly bound to cultivate among themselves. 
We pray the God of all grace to recover what of the sweet fruits of this is lost, or in 
danger to be lost among you, and that you may be one in the Lord, and one among 
yourselves in the spirit of true holiness, meekness, truth, love, and mutual forbearance. 
If these things be your study, who can doubt but the Lord will make them j'our happy 
attainment ? AVe recommend to you, and expect your ready compliance with, a few pro- 
posals, which we hope will be taken with the same loving mind as they are written, and 
it is in your power to make them helpful to your present condition. We heartily re- 
commend it you, that you watch against all attempts of Satan to infringe your Christian 
harmony and union, which is your beauty and strength. Now God has given you an 
uncommon season, and advantage for bearing testimony to his interest among you, how 
much you love him and it ; if there are temptations in your way, to maintain union, the 
blessings will be so great and universal that you cannot over-do in all Christian methods 
to preserve it. Herein appear for God, and for the house of God, which ye know is not 
divided against itself, neither should the cliildren of the same God against one another. 
Satan's policy and malice has appeared in his attempts to divide you, but it will no less 
show you are the children of the God of peace and love, when you break through his 
snares to maintain your union, and concentre in gospel peace and love among yourselves. 
Particularly we recommend to you that with firmness and godly resolution you oppose 
yourselves to all dividing measures. We apprehend that the disproportion between the 
number of your elders and deacons, may occasion some uneasiness in your session, but 
hope you will find it no hard matter to prevent any ill consequence in this. We need 
only represent unto you the ends and institution of Scripture deacons, and that there is 
no juridical power allowed them in the Scripture. We recommend earnestly to you a 
Christian regard to our worthy brother your pastor, and that you encoui'age, honour, 
and obey him in the Lord, that his labours, as they are for his people, so tliey may turn 
to your and his account in the day of the Lord. Lastly, we expect your acquiesence in 
our last year's act, touching sessions and session books, which we presume you know to 
be agreeable to the laudable practice of the best reformed churches. This letter has 
been judged needful, according to the representation made us by your messenger, Mr. 
Scott. Thus recommending you to glorious grace, we rest, &c. — [Letter Book.J 



1716.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 43 

The appointment with respect to Mr. Con's ordination was fulfilled, and Mr. 
Wotherspoon and Mr. Evans being absent, the inquiry into the reasons thereof 
was referred till next sederunt. 

' Mr. Orr was ordained at Maidenhead, according to appointment, only Mas- 
ters McNish, Jones, and Powell were absent, the reasons whereof were heard 
and sustained ; and in the room of those, .three other ministers assisted.* 

A letter from the people of Patusent being read, the further consideration 
thereof referred till another sederunt. 

After the reading of Mr. Andrews his letters, which by the last Presbytery 
he was appointed to write to the people of Woodbridge and Mr. Pierson, the 
Presbytery were well satisfied with them both. 

A letter from Mr. Pierson to be communicated to the Presbytery in answer 
to the letter sent to him by Mr. Andrews was read, and the fuller considera- 
tion of it referred till next sederunt. 

Mr. Gelston's supply of Kent county, the consideration of it referred till 
afterwards. 

The appointment made last year about bringing in overtures to the next 
Presbytery referred till afterwards. 

Adjourned till to-morrow at eight o'clock. 

^Yednesday, eight d" clock, post preces sederunt, &c. 

Yesterday's minutes ordered to be read. 

Mr. McNish's reasons for not bringing an elder or representative with him, 
were heard and sustained. 

Mr. Henry's representative of the congregation being absent, and his reasons 
for not coming being inquired into, he said the present condition of his people 
made it necessary that there should be a particular collection made by the con- 
gregation for defraying the charges of the representative to the Presbytery, and 
it was allowed that there should. 

The reasons of Mr. Pumry's elder's absence were inquired into and sus- 
tained. 

Mr. McGrilFs absence excused on account of his sickness. 

Mr. Jones being absent yesterday, did this day give the reasons of his ab- 
sence, which were sustained. 

Mr. Wotherspoon's reasons of his absence this Presbytery, given by letter, 
were sustained. 

Mr. Evans his absence yesterday being inquired into, he acknowledged he 
was blamable for not coming sooner. 

Mr. Morgan's absence this and several years by-past being inquired into, it 
was resolved, that a letter should be writ, informing him that if he comes not, 
nor sends sufl&cient reasons against next year, we shall take it for granted that 
h« has altogether deserted us. The letter to be writ by Mr. Andrews. 

Adjourned till after sermon. 

After sermon, sedo'vnt, &c. 

Mr. Gillespie's Presbyterial exercise was animadverted upon and ap- 
proved. 



* Memorandum. 

Mr. Robert Orr having performed those points of trial assigned him to satisfaction, 
namely, preached a popuhir sermon from .James ii. 24, and given an exegesis on that 
question, An foediis circumcisione sigmUum, a foedere Eoangelico essentialiier diferat ? 
and also answered to various interlocutory questions touching theological matters, and 
given a specimen of his attainments in other parts of learning to good approbation, he 
the said Mr. Orr, was, on the 20th day of October, 1715, solemnly set apart to the work 
of the ministry, by Masters Andrews, Morgan, Dickinson, Evans, and Bradner, at Maid- 
enhead, before a numerous assembly. — [Letter Book.} 



44 MINUTES OF THE [IT 16. 

The reasons of Mr. Wotherspoon's absence from Mr. Con's ordination and 
this Presbytery, were by letter given and sustained. 

Mr. Evans Lis absence from Mr. Con's ordination, was ill taken by the Pres- 
bytery. 

The letter from the people of Patuxent, in answer to one from us last year, 
•was read the second time to our great satisfaction. 

The consideration of Mr. Pierson's letter, referred till we hear from the peo- 
ple of AVoodbridge. 

The Presbytery having taken into their serious consideration the affair of 
Mr. Gelston, in relation to the people of Kent, have found ground to, and did 
censure his not going back to the people of Kent, according to his promise to 
them. As for all his other conduct among that people, they themselves in 
their letter to us commend him. 

Adjourned till to-morrow 9 o'clock, in the morning. 

Thursday, at 9 o^clock, sederunt, &c. 

The affair of Kent being taken into the Presbyteries consideration, from a 
Christian sense of the want of the ordinances among them, at present have, 
for their encouragement, appointed Mr. Davis, (Hllespie, Wotherspnon, and 
Evans, to preach in the county of Kent each once betwixt this and the next 
Presbytery ; that is to say Mr. Gillespie on the third Sabbath of October, Mr, 
Wotherspoon the third Sabbath of April, IMr. Davis the third Sabbath of June, 
Mr. Evans the third Sabbath of May. And it is likewise ordered, that Mr. 
Anderson do preach to the said people of Kent once in every month till the 
next Presbytery, provided he find suitable encouragement. Appointed also, 
that a letter be writ to the people of Cedar-Creek and Kent in answer to theirs, 
by Mr. Andrews and Mr. Hampton. 

A call from the people of South-Hampton, on Long-Island, to Mr. Gelston, 
wherein the said people do subject themselves to us in the Lord, as a Presby- 
tery, being presented to us in the name of their representatives, we did tender 
it to the said Mr. Gelston, and he accepted it. Upon which the Presbytery, 
understanding that our brethren, Masters McNish and Pumry had prescribed 
him a popular sermon on John xiv. G, and an exeijcsis, De libero arbitrio, to be 
delivered this Presbytery, if the Presbytery thought fit, as a part of trial 
in order to ordination, did appoint him to deliver the popular sermon to- 
morrow. 

The business of bringing in overtures to the Presbytery, referred to another 
sederunt. 

A call from the people in and about Lewis-Town, to Mr. John Thomson, 
being by AVilliam Shankland, commissioner from the said people, laid before 
us and read, and he being himself absent by reason of sickness ; but having in 
a letter to us signified his willingness to submit to what the Presbytery should 
think expedient for that people and his own good, did appoint that the said call 
be tendered to Mr. Thomson by Mr. Hampton, and upon his acceptance, the 
Presbytery does appoint Masters Davis, Hampton, Henry, Wotherspoon, An- 
derson, Gillespie, Evans, andBradncr, to take his trials, and upon their satis- 
faction to proceed to ordination upon the first Wednesday of April next ; and 
that the ordination sermon be preached by Mr. Henry, or in his absence by 
Mr. Hampton. 

Adjourned till 3 o'clock. 

At 3 o'clocJc, sederxint nt supra. 

Mr. Powell's absence sustained on account of his sickness, which he signi- 
fied to us by his^etter. 



1716.] PRESBYTERY OF PHILADELPHIA. 45 

The aflFair of Woodbridge coming into consideration, the Presbytery ordered 
that Mr. McNish and Mr. Pumry should fully discourse Mr. Pierson and the 
people there, concerning the causes of his non-ordination among them, and to 
do their best for removing any obstacle that may at present hinder his ordina- 
tion ; and if the Divine Providence shall thereby happily remove all obstruc- 
tions, that then Mr. McNish an I Mr. Pumry shall represent the same unto Mr. 
Andrews and other neighbouring ministers of the Presbytery ; and the Pres- 
bytery does appoint, that in case all the said obstructions be fairly removed, 
upon the request of the people, with the concurrence of Mr. Pierson, that then 
the said people do apply to Mr. Andrews, Mr. Jones, Mr. Orr, Mr. Pumry, 
Mr. Powell, and Mr. Bradner, for the ordination of the said Mr. Piersou 
among them, and that they ordain him, as they shall upon trial find satisfaction, 
and do appoint that the oi'dination sermon be preached by Mr. Andrews or Mr. 
Powell, as they shall agree. 

Inquiry was made according to a former appointment of the ministers and 
the people's representatives, concerning ti»cir mutual affairs betwixt ministers 
and people in their respective congregations. 

Adjourned till half an hour after eight in the morning. 

Die Veneris at half an hour after eight o^dock, sederunt ut siq^ra. 

A letter from Mr. Davis came this day to us, wherein he gave reasons for his 
absence at this Presbytery, which were sustained. 

This day a letter from the people of Woodbridge was read and considered. 
The Presbytery are very well satisfied with the proposals made to Mr. Pier- 
son for his settlement among them, and do judge if Mr. Pierson make any 
other or higher demands upon that people, his demands shall be accounted 
unreasonable, and the people are not to be blamed for refusing them. And 
in that case it is recommended to the people, that they look out for another 
minister.* 

Adjourned till three o'clock, afternoon. 

At 3 o^clocTc, sederunt ut supra. 

Mr. Gelston's popular sermon was delivered, and after remarks thereupon, it 
was put to the vote, whether it should be accepted of as a part of his trials for 
ordination, which was carried in the affirmative. 

It having pleased Divine Providence so to increase our number, as that, after 
much deliberation, we judge it may be more serviceable to the interest of reli- 
gion, to divide ourselves into suboi'dinate meetings or Presbyteries, constituting 
one annually as a synod, to meet at Philadelphia or elsewhere, to consist of all 
the members of each subordinate Presbytery or meeting for this year at least : 
Therefore it is agreed by the Presbytery, after serious deliberation, that the 
first subordinate meeting or Presbytery, to meet at Philadelphia or elsewhere, 
as they shall see fit, do consist of these following members, viz : Masters An- 
drews, Jones, Powell, Orr, Bradner, and Morgan. And the second to meet at 
New Castle or elsewhere, as they shall see fit, to consist of those, viz : Masters 
Anderson, McGrill, Gillespie, Wotherspoon, Evans, and Conn. The third to 

* Memorandum. 

Mr. John Pierson having performed these points of trial assigned him, viz : preached 
a popular sermon from Tit. iii. 8, delivered an exogesis on that question, an jusdficatio 
nostra sit ab aterno aut in tempore prcestita, answered to many questions touching theo- 
logical matters, and also discovered his skill in the original languages ; all which being 
done to satisfaction, the said Mr. Pierson was ordained and set apart to the work of the 
ministry at Woodbridge, on the 29th day of April, 1717, by Masters Andrews, Pridden, 
Morgan, Orr, and Dickenson, before a very great assembly. 



46 MINUTES OF THE PRESBYTERY OF PIIILADELPniA. [1716, 

meet at Snow-Hill or elsewhere, to consist of these, viz : IMasters Davis, 
Hampton, and Henry. And in consideration that only our brethren Mr. 
McNish and 3Ir. Pumry, are of our number upon Long-Island at present, we 
earnestly recommend it to them to use their best endeavours with the neigh- 
bouring brethren that are settled there, which as yet join not with us, to join 
with them in erecting a fourth Presbytery. And as to the time of the meet- 
ing of the respective Presbyteries, it is ordered that that be left to their own 
discretion. 

Ordered, That a book be kept by each of the said Presbyteries, containing a 
record of their proceedings, and that the said book be brought every year to 
our anniversary Synod to be revised. 

It is appointed by this Presbytery, that the affair of Mr. Pumry, with rela- 
tion to his people of Newton, on Long-Island, come under the consideration of 
the first Presbyterial meeting that shall be upon the said Long-Island; and if 
there shall not be such a meeting or Presbytery in some reasonable time, and 
if the said Mr. Pumry have not his grievances redressed, that then it be left 
to Mr. McNish and himself to determine as prudence shall direct, and be ac- 
countable to our next general meeting or Synod. 

With respect to session-books, mentioned in our last year's minutes, it is 
ordered, that they be brought into and revised by the respective Presbyteries, 
to which they shall after this time, according to our preceding appointment, 
belong. 

Adjourned till 8 o'clock, in the morning. 

At 8 o'clock, sederunt ut supra. 

Our next meeting being appointed as a Synod, it is ordered that the present 
moderator open the same by preaching ; and that the Moderator of the last 
Synod open the next by preaching always for the time coming upon the first 
Tuesday of our meeting, at 10 o'clock. 

That the matter of Mr. Gelston's further trial and ordination, be entirely 
referred to Mr. McNish and Pumry, with what brethren they can there engage 
to join with them presbyterially on Long-Island. 

Ordered, That the business of further overtures be continued, to be brought 
in to our next annual Synod. 

Appointed that the first meeting of our said Synod be at Philadelphia, on 
the third Tuesday of September, in the year 1717. 

Adjourned till the third Tuesday of September, in the year 1717. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



Notwithstanding the peculiar difficulties with -which this early Presbytery 
had to contend, and to which allusion is made in their records and correspon- 
dence, it received an annual accession to its numbers, and the growth of the 
infant Church became each year more promising. It will be perceived that at 
their meeting in September, 1716, the Presbytery had become so much en- 
larged, that it was resolved to divide it into four subordinate judicatories, or 
Presbyteries, which should be constituent members of an annual Synod, which 
assumed the name of the Synod of Philadelphia. This measure seemed to be 
dictated as well by convenience, as by a regard to the general interests of the 
Church, since it must have been almost impracticable, when the facilities for 
travelling were few, and the stipends of the ministerial members were exceed- 
ingly limited, to assemble them from several different provinces, as frequently 
as the interests of the Church might require. 

The records of these subordinate judicatories, after the organization of the 
first Synod, although highly important and interesting in themselves, do not 
form any part of this work.* The affairs of the Church were successfully and 
happily managed, under the control of the Synod of Philadelphia, until the 
rise of those differences, which in the year 1741 resulted in an extensive and 
unhappy schism. The cause of these dissensions was not diversity of senti- 
ment on any of the cardinal doctrines of the gospel, for both parties alike ad- 
hered, in good faith, to the Westminster Confession and Catechisms ; but a dif- 
ference of opinion on measures, which, while one party regarded them as material 
to the progress of true religion, the other condemned as dangerous innovations. 
The history of the schism may be traced in the records which follow. These 
consist of the records of the Synod of Philadelphia from the year 1717 to 1758, 
including the period of the schism, and extending to the year in which it was 
healed by a re-union of the parties ; and also of the Synod of New York, which 
grew out of the schism, from the year 1745 to 1758. In the year 1758, the 
Synods of Philadelphia and New York were united, and constituted the su- 
preme judicatory of the Presbyterian Church, from that period, until the year 
1789, when the General Assembly was organized. 

* If the respective Presbyteries should undertake their publication, they would form 
a valuable contribution to our ecclesiastical history. 

(47) 



PART SECOND. 



THE MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA, 

FROM A. D. 1717 TO 1758. 



1717. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, which began, 

Sejiteniber 17th, 1717. Post preces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. George McNish, moderator, Jedidiah Andrews, James 
Anderson, George Gillespie, Robert Wotherspoon, Malachi Jones, David 
Evans, Samuel Pumry, John Bradner, Robert Orr, John Thomson, John Pier- 
Bon, Jonathan Dickinson. — 13. 

Polders : John Snowden, Alexander White, Elias Naudain, Peter "Watkins, 
Daniel Howell, John Rodes. — 6. 

For moderator of this Synod was chosen Mr. Jedidiah Andrews, and Mr. Ro- 
bert Wotherspoon was chosen clerk. 

There not being time for the reading of the last year's minutes this sederunt, 
adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Wednesday/, at ciyht o'cloch, sedenait ut siqwa, post preces. 

]\Ir. Bradner's excuse for his absence last year was sustained. 

The list of the ministers belonging to the Synod being read, it was found 
that Mr. Henry and Mr. Powell are dead. 

The minutes concerning Mr. Morgan being read, the whole affair relating to 
that minute was referred to that Presbytery whereof he is a member. 

The reasons of Mr. Conn's absence were by letter given, and sustained. 

Masters Gillespie, Wotherspoon, and Evans, supplied Kent county accord- 
ing to appointment, as also did Mr. Anderson. 

Mr. Thomson was ordained, according to appointment ; Masters Gillespie 
and Bradner absent at that time ; and their excuses on that occasion were ac- 
cepted. 

Mr. Pierson was ordained, according to appointment, at Woodbridge, on the 
29th of April, 1717. 

The brethren belonging to Long Island have done their endeavour for erect- 
ing a Presbytery there, and were successful. 

Some Presbyteries being defective in not bringing their Presbytery books, it 
was ordered that they should have them ready against the next meeting of the 
Synod. 

The consideration of the minute made last year with respect to Mr. Pumry, 
referred to nest sederunt. 

The moderator of the last Synod being hindered from being here at the time 
appointed by the last year's Synod, he was appointed to preach this day at ten 
o'clock, his Synodical sermon. 

Mr. Gelston was ordained at Southampton, April the 17th, 1717, by Mas 
ters McNish, Philips, and Pumry, according to appointment. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, afternoon. 
(48) 



1717.] MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 49 

At three o'clock, sedemnt ut supra. 

Mr. McNish, the moderator of the Last Synod, preached according to ap- 
pointment, on John xxi. 17. 

Mr. Pumry's business further delayed. 

Sustained Mr. Hampton's absence, upon the account of a necessity he lies 
under to go to his native country for the recovery of his health. 

Mr. John Thomson appointed to join with the Presbytery of New Castle, 
till such time as there is a competent number to make up a Presbytery in his 
neighbourhood. 

Mr. Gelston's letter, containing some frivolous excuses for his absence, was 
not sustained. 

A committee for overtures, consisting of Masters McNish, Andrews, Jones, 
Tliomson, and Pierson, was appointed. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Thursday, September 19^/t, sederunt ut supra. 

It being overtured to the Synod by the committee appointed for overtures, 
That it is to be proposed to the several members of the Synod, to contribute 
something to the raising a fund for pious uses, and that they do use their in- 
terest with their friends, on proper occasions, to contribute something to the 
same purpose, and that there be chosen a treasurer to keep what shall be col- 
lected, and that what is or may be gathered, be disposed of according to the 
discretion of the Synod; the overture was agreed upon and pursued, and 
Mr. Andrews is to be treasurer for this purpose till the next Synod. 

As to the aifair of Mr. Pumry, a letter from his people being presented to 
the Synod by one of their number, representing their desire of Mr. Pumry's 
continuance among them as their pastor, the Synod did appoint the moderator, 
and Mr. Dickinson, to write to the said people, and show the letter to the 
Synod the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till 3 o'clock, afternoon. 

At 3 o'chch, sederunt ut supra. 

The Moderator and Mr. Dickinson brought in the letter for the people of 
Newtown according to appointment, and it was accepted. 

Mr. Robert Cross, probationer, lately come from Ireland, having presented 
his testimonials, after reading thereof, the Synod did approve of the same, and 
recommended him to the Presbytery of New Castle for further direction. 

Adjourned till 8 o'clock to-morrow. 

20<A day at 8 o' clock, sederunt ut supra. 

This day a call from the Presbyterian Congregation of New York being 
given in to the members of the Presbytery of New Castle, in order to be pre- 
sented to Mr. James Anderson; after they had considered of the same, 
together with Mr. Anderson's reasons for removal, did refer the whole affair 
to the Synod. 

The Synod taking into consideration the abovesaid business, ordered, that 
a committee of their number be appointed to receive and audit the reasons of 
the people of New Castle, if they have any to offer, against the removal of 
Mr. Anderson to New York or any other place ; and that the said committee 
do fully determine in that affair. Which committee is to consist of Messrs. 
McNish, Gillespie, Wotherspoon, Evans, Pumry, and Thomson, and to meet 
on Tuesday next, at 10 o'clock in the morning at New Castle, and that there 
be a letter writ to the people of New Castle by Masters Jones, Pumry, and 
Bradner, and to bring it against the next sederunt, 
7 



60 MINUTES OF THE [171S. 

Mr. Pierson having asked liberty of the Synod to go home, it was granted 
him. 

Adjourned till 3 o'clock, afternoon. 

At 3 o'clock post merid. post preces sederunt nt supra. 

The letter that was appointed to be writ to the people of New Castle, was 
read and approvcn. 

The affair of Andrew Van Pyke, that was referred from the Presbytery of 
Xew Castle to the Synod, came under consideration, and a considerable time 
being spent in discoursing upon it, it was determined nemine contradiccntr, 
that his marriage with his brother's wife or widow was incestuous and unlawful, 
and their living together as the consequence of that marriage, is incestuous and 
unlawful ; and that so long as they live together, they be debarred from all 
sealing ordinances, and that Mr. Wotherspoon make intimation hereof to his 
congregation in what time and manner he shall think convenient. 

Appointed that the next Synod meet at Philadelphia, on the third Tuesday 
of September, 1718. 

Memorandum, That this day, viz : the twenty-third of this instant, Sep- 
tember, 1718, according to appointment of Synod, was weighed and delivered 
into the hands of Mr. Jedidiah Andrews, treasurer for the time being, the just 
sura of eighteen pounds one shilling and six pence, for which he obliges him- 
self, his heirs, Executors, and Administrators, to be accountable to the Synod, 
unavoidable emergencies only excepted, as witness his hand and seal, the day 
and year above mentioned. 

Jedidiah Andrews, [l. s.] 

Test. John HAMnoN. 

These are to testify, that there was an error in the summing up the money 
above mentioned in the memorandum, by exceeding the sum expressed, one 
pound, five shilling, and eight pence. 

George McNish. 

iri8. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, which began, 

September the IQth, 1718. 

3Iinistcrs present : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, George McNish, John Hamp- 
ton, James Anderson, Daniel McGill, George Gillespie, Malachi Jones, David 
Evans, Samuel Pumry, John Braduer, Robert Orr, Hugh Conn, John Thom- 
son, John Pierson, Samuel Gelston, Joseph Morgan, Jonathan Dickiusou, 
Henry Hook.— 18. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Samuel Davis, Geo. Philips, Joseph Lamb. — 3 

Elders present: Messrs. John Suowden, John Gardner, William Williams, 
Arcliibald Smith, Edmund Cropper, Alexander Bell. — G. 

Three being nominated by the moderator, namely, Messrs. Malachi Jones, 
Daniel McGill, and James Anderson, out of whom one to be chosen for 
moderator ; Mr. Daniel McGill was chosen ; and Mr. Samuel Gelston was 
chosen clerk. 

Mr. Bobert Wotherspoon died about the latter end of May, 1718. 

The book of the Presbytery of Philadelphia being called for, it was pre- 
sented. 

The book of the Presbytery of New Castle being called for by the Synod, 
it was promi.sed to produce it the next sederunt. 

The Presbytery book of Long-Island being called for, it was delayed to the 
next sederunt. 

The Synod ordered Masters Anderson and Thomson to revise the Pres- 



1718.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 51 

bytery book of Philadelphia, and Masters Andrews and Jones to revise the 
Presbytery book of New Castle. 

This Synod being further informed of Mr. Gelston's absence last year, do 
accept his reasons. 

The affair concerning the fund, referred to the next sederunt. 

The committee reported the case concerning Mr. Anderson, viz : that tbey 
transported him from New Castle to New York, having had power lodged in 
them by the Synod to determine that affair. 

Mr. James Anderson reported to the Synod, that Mr. Wotherspoon had in 
due time observed the order of the Synod concerning Andrew Van Dyke's in- 
cestuous marriage with his brother's wife. 

Mr. Andrews preached from 1 Cor. iii. 11, on the third Tuesday of 7br. 
1718, at the opening of the Synod. 

The Synod ordered that a committee of bills and overtures, should be ap- 
pointed to meet before the next sederunt of the Synod, and that they consider 
what matters have been orderly proceeded on, and what are suitable to be by 
them transmitted to the Synod. The Synod also ordering, that in any case of 
difficulty coming before the committee, they shall take the advice of the Synod. 
The Synod also appoints the reverend brethren, Masters Andrews, Hampton, 
Anderson, Gillespie, and the Moderator, to be members of the said committee, 
and that the committee meet at eight o'clock to-morrow morning, and the Synod 
at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. 

The Synod concluded with prayer and adjourned till 3 o'clock, post merid. 
to-morrow. 

Ylth day at 3 oWoch^ sederunt ut supra. 

The Presbytery's book of New Castle was produced according to promise. 

The Presbytery's book of Long-Island being called for, it was delayed. 

The affair concerning the fund, referred till the next sederunt. 

Mr. William Tenncnt's affair being transmitted by the committee to the 
Synod, was by them fully considered, being well satisfied with his credentials, 
and the testimony of some brethren here present, as also they were satisfied 
with the material reasons which he offered concerning his dissenting from the 
established Church in Ireland; being put to a vote of the Synod, it was carried 
in the affirmative to admit him as a member of the Synod. Ordered, that his 
reasons be inserted in the Synod book ad futuram rei memoriam. The Synod 
also ordered that the moderator should give him a serious exhortation to con- 
tinue steadfast in his now holy profession, which was done. 

The reasons of Mr. William Tennent for his dissenting from the established 
Church in Ireland, delivered by him to the Reverend Synod, held at Philadel- 
phia, the 17th day of September, 1718. 

Imprimis. Their government by Bishops, Arch-Bishops, Deacons, Arch- 
Deacons, Canons, Chapters, Chancellors, Vicars, wholly anti-scriptural. 

2. Their discipline by Surrogates, and Chancellors in their Courts Ecclesi- 
astic, without a foundation in the word of God. 

3. Their abuse of that supposed discipline by commutation. 

4. A Diocesan Bishop cannot be founded jure divino upon those Epistles to 
Timothy or Titus, nor anywhere else in the word of God, and so is a mere hu- 
man invention. 

5. The usurped power of the Bishops at their yearly visitations, acting all 
of themselves, without consent of the brethren. 

6. Pluralities of benefices. 

Lastly. The Churches conniving at the practice of Arminian doctrines in- 
consistent with the eternal purpose of God, and an encouragement of vice. Be- 
sides I could not be satisfied with their ceremonial way of woi'ship. These, &c 



52 MINUTES OF THE [1718. 

have so affected my conscience, that I could no longer abide in a church where 
the same are practised. Signed by 

"William Tennent. 

Mr. Samuel Young, minister of the gospel, presenting his credentials from the 
Presbytery of Armagh, met at Donaghmore, in the county of Down, in the 
kingdom of Ireland, to this Synod ; they were cordially approved, and he ad- 
mitted a member nemine contradicente. 

The Synod adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning, and appointed the 
committee to meet at eight, and then concluded with prayer. 

V^th day at 10 o'clock, sederunt tit supra. 

]Mr. Pumry's absence was excused. 

The Presbytery's book of Long-Island being called for, they produced their 
minutes. I 

Masters Pierson and Bradner appointed to revise the Presbytery's minutes 
of Long-Island. 

Masters Jones and Bradner's absence excused. 

Mr. McNish his absence excused. 

Mr. Gillespie reported that he recommended to his congregation to contribute 
to the public fund, and that he received subscriptions for six pounds, odd money 
to be paid against next Synod. 

The Synod having considered the business of the public fund, did recommend 
it to the several ministers, to use the methods that according to their discretion, 
should seem best to answer the pious intention of it, and to apply their utmost 
diligence therein. 

Mr. Jedidiah Andrews continued treasurer of the fund till next Synod. 
And it is further ordered by the Synod, that the treasurer for the time being 
have a book, wherein the Synod shall have credit for the several sums he shall 
receive, and be charged debtor for what disbursements shall be made by the 
appointment of the Synod, and that some of their number whom they shall 
think fit to appoint, shall examine the said book yearly, and transmit the 
balance into the Synod book, which shall be subscribed and sealed to by the 
said treasurer, for which he, his heirs, executors, and administrators, shall be 
accountable to the Synod, excepting in case of unavoidable emergencies only ; 
and that a copy of the treasurer's obligation, signed and sealed by him, be de- 
livered to some person whom the Synod shall appoint. 

The committee met as appointed. 

The Synod adjourned till three o'clock precisely, and concluded with 
prayer. 

At 3 o'clock post nierid. sedermtt nt supra. 

The business concerning the fund referred till to-morrow morning j and that 
a collection be made then by those that shall be ready. 

Masters Dickinson and Young appointed to write a letter to Mr. Boyse, min- 
ister in Dublin, to be communicated to the Presbytery there. 

Masters Hampton, McNish, and Anderson, appninted to write a letter to the 
ministers of Jjondon, as also another letter to Mr. Stirling, principal of the 
University of Glasgow, and another letter to the Synod of Glasgow. 

Masters John Clement and William Stewart, probationers, presented their 
credentials from Britain to the Synod, which were considered and approved. 
As also a call from Pocomoke, being presented by them to Mr. John Cle- 
ment, and another was presented from Monokin and Wicomico, to jMr. Wil- 
liam Stewart, both of which were approven by the Synod, and their ordina- 
tion appointed to be according to the usual methods, and performed by Masters 



1718.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 63 

Samuel Davis, Hampton, and Thomson, and such of the Presbytery of New 
Castle as they shall think fit to call to their assistance, when those people and 
they are agreed about their settlement in the above said places. 

The Rev. Mr. John Hampton, having petitioned this Synod for a dismission 
from his pastoral relation to the people of Snowhill, they considering that the 
said Mr. Hampton was not able to perform the office of a pastor to that people 
without apparent hazard of his life through bodily indisposition ; the Synod, 
upon mature deliberation, having put the matter to vote, it was carried nemine 
contnulicente, to accept of his demission, and to declare his congregation vacant, 
to the great regret of the Synod. 

The Synod adjourned till 10 o'clock, to-morrow morning, and concluded with 
prayer. 

\%th day at 10 o'clock, post preces sederunt ut supra. 

The letter writ by Masters Young and Dickinson was produced, read, and 
approved.* 

A collection was made for the fund by the Synod, according to appointment. 
Mr. Dickinson delivered one pound twelve shillings from his congregation of 
Elizabeth-town, for the fund. 

Overtured, whether a sum out of the fund, not exceeding three pounds, be 
referred to three persons nominated by the Synod, to be disposed of according 
to their discretion, suitable to the design of the fund, and that this shall be no 
precedent for the future. 

The said overture concerning the fund being voted, was carried in the affirm- 
ative ; and Masters Jones, Andrews, and McNish, were appointed by the Synod 
for that particular. 

Synod adjourned till 4 o'clock, post merid. 

* A Letter from the Synod to the Rev. John Boyse, minister in Dublin, to be communi- 
cated to the Presbytery there. 

Philadelphia, September llih, 1718. 

Reverend Brethren : — It may be presumed that you are not -wholly strangers to the 
circumstances of these parts ; how many poor souls are scattered to and fro in this wil- 
derness, under awful danger of perishing for lack of vision. And it must needs be a 
matter of great satisfaction to you, to be informed of the earnest breathings of many 
small and poor places among us, after the most precious privileges of gospel ordinances, 
and of the late addresses of sundry of them to us for supply. 

But, sirs, the paucity and poverty of these people render them utterly incapable to sup- 
port the ministry among them, could they obtain it ; and there lies, therefore, upon them 
a deplorable necessity of still continuing in the same circumstances of darkness that they 
are now in, which may render both themselves and posterity miserable Pagans, unless 
some methods can be found out for their speedy assistance in the maintaining of such 
ministers as we would direct them to, which is what we are at present altogether unable 
to compass. And yet in faithfulness to our great Lord, and the souls of these poor peo- 
ple, we dare not but use our utmost essays, to strengthen their hands in this day of 
small things, lest this spark, which is but newly kindled, may be utterly extinguished, 
which gives occasion for this address unto you for your charitable assistance in so mo- 
mentous an atfair. 

AVe have heard of the liberality of many gentlemen and others of our persuasion with 
you, on such like occasions, and dare not, therefore, doubt of their cheerful compliance 
with this our request, when you have communicated these circumstances to them. 

Thus earnestly petitioning your endeavours for the relief of these poor people, and 
your answer to this address, we conclude with recommending you and your religious 
concerns, to the guidance and blessing of our common Lord. Signed in the name and 
by the appointment of the Synod, &c. 

Be pleased to direct yours to the Rev. Mr. Jedidiah Andrews, minister, at Philadel- 
phia. — ^Letter Book.'\ 



54 MINUTES OF THE [1718. 

The Synod met at four o'clock, and adjourned till eight o'clock, to-morrow 
morning. 

20th day at 8 o'docJc, sederunt, &c. 

The letter to the ministers of London was read and approved. 

Referred the supplying the several vacancies, to the several Presbyteries to 
which they belong. 

The Synod recommended it to Masters Young and Tennent to apply them- 
selves to what Presbytery within the bounds of the Synod they should think 
convenient. 

The Presbytery's book of Philadelphia, was revised and approved by the 
Synod. 

Adjourned till 5 o'clock, jyost merid. 

Met at five o'clock and adjourned to eight o'clock, 22d day. 

22c/ day at 8 o'clock, post j^reces sederunt v.t supra. 

The Synod ordered that the Presbytery of Long-Island do revise their min- 
utes, and transcribe them into an orderly book against the next Synod. 

The Synod ordered that the Presbytery of New Castle do revise their min- 
utes, and transcribe them into an orderly book against the next Synod. 

The Synod refers the writing of the letters to Principal Sterling and the 
Synod of Glasgow, to the discretion of Mr. McNish, Uampton, and Ander- 
son. 

The Synod being informed, that there is a probability of Mr. McNish his 

• To the much honoured and very reverend Dissenting Ministers at London. 

The representation of their unworthy brethren, met at Philadelphia, September the 
16th, 1718. 

1. They represent, that though it has pleased God to afflict them much, by a removal 
of several of their number who were useful, yet it has also pleased the same gracious 
God, daily, rather to increase than decrease their number, by a continual supply of more 
than has been taken away, which to them is some comfortable evidence, that God has 
some good work to do in these parts of the world. 

2. That there are now in number twenty-three ordained ministers and three probation- 
ers, who all have agreed to iinite their endeavours annually at Philadelphia, fur spreading 
and propagating tlic gospel of Christ in these dark parts of the world, viz : in the pro- 
vinces of New York, the .Jerseys, Pennsylvania and the territories, Maryland and Vir- 
ginia. In all which, excepting the last, some of the aforesaid ministers do reside. 

3. That all these minit^ters and probationers, aforesaid, are already either settled, or 
have prospect of settlement. 

4. That notwithstanding there are still many vacancies, who either cry to us for help, 
or their desolate condition and the seeming good disposition of some among tliem, give 
us ground to hope, that if they could be provided with able and faithful ministers, the 
happy effect of it would soon appear. 

5. That most of these places yet to be planted with a gospel ministry, are incapable at 
present of sufficiently supporting ministers among them, and therefore crave help of all 
well-disposed Christians every where, especially, if possibly it can be, of the city of 
London. 

6. That we ourselves have begun a small fund for this and other religious purposes 
among us, but alas ! it is yet so small that little or nothing can be done by it. 

7. That there is nothing we desire more than the honour and comfort of a yearly cor- 
respondence with you, our very reverend and dear brethren, whom we so much esteem 
in the Lord, if it were but to have your countenance, concurrence, and advice, in the 
great and common work of our Lord and his kingdom. 

Lastly, These things we have presumed in great humility to lay before you, hoping 
they may have some good effect to the glory of God, good of his Church, your sati^-fac- 
tion, and our comforts and refreshments, which, that they may prove so, is the earnest 
prayer of, honourable and reverend sirs, yours in the Lord. — {^Letter Book.} 



1719.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 55 

going to Britain upon some important business, and considering that he may 
do some service to the common interest of religion in these parts of the world ; 
that he may the better succeed in his endeavours to serve that design, the 
Synod thinks fit that he be enabled by the Synod, with proper recommenda- 
tions from them. The Synod, therefore, for his encouraging in so good a 
design and undertaking, do appoint for a committee of the Synod, Masters 
Jones, Andrews, Anderson, Dickinson, and Pierson, with as many others as 
can attend to meet at AVoodbridge, at such a time as the above said Mr. McNish 
shall appoint, he giving the said members a month's notice, giving them full 
power to concert all such proper methods and ways, to enable Mr. McNish to 
undertake and act for us and in our name, and to the general good of religion 
as they shall judge fitting. It is also appointed that the said committee do 
furnish the said Mr. McNish with proper credentials and all such instructions 
as they shall think fit for answering the end abovesaid. 

The Synod appoints the management of the funds as directed by a preceding 
minute to Masters Jones, Hampton, and McNish, and to make report to the 
next Synod. 

The Synod adjourned till the third Wednesday of September, at 10 o'clock, 
ante merid. 1719. 

1719. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, which met 

September the IQth, 1719, being the third Wednesday of the month. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon preached by Mr. Daniel McGill, on 
Heb. ii. 1. 

Post preces the roll was called. 

Ministers present: Messrs. Daniel McGill, Jedidiah Andrews, George Gil- 
lespie, David Evans, John Bradner, Robert Orr, Hugh Conn, John Thom- 
son, Robert Cross. 

Elders : Messrs. Thomas Wallice, Thomas Gordon, Andrew Wallice, James 
Stoddert, John Snowden, Dr. John Nicols. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. George McNish, John Hampton, Malachi Jones, 
Samuel Pumry, John Pierson, Samuel Gelston, Joseph Morgan, Jonathan 
Dickinson, Henry Hook, Samuel Young, William Tennent, John Clement, 
William Stewart, Samuel Davis, George Philips, Joseph Lamb, James 
Anderson. 

Mr. Andrews was chosen clerk. 

Two being nominated by the moderator, namely. Masters John Thomson, 
and George Gillespie, out of whom one to be chosen moderator, Mr. Thomson 
was chosen. 

The minutes of the last Synod ordered to be read over. 

The appointment of the Synod with respect to the ordination of Masters 
John Clement, and William Stewart, was complied with, they being solemnly 
set apart to the work of the ministry, by the Rev. Masters Samuel Davis, 
John Hampton, and John Thomson, at Rehoboth, in Somerset county, in 
Maryland, upon day of June, 1719. 

Ordered, That an inquiry be made about the letters sent to Britain and 
Ireland the last year, when the Synod shall be more full. 

The whole affair concerning the Presbyteries' books referred till after- 
wards. 

The affair concerning the fund deferred till afterwards. 

The business with respect to Mr. McNish his going to Britain, mentioned 
in the last year's minutes, was dropt. 

The moderator, Masters Andrews, McGill, and Gillespie, appointed for a 
committee for bills and overtures. 



56 MINUTES OF THE [1719. 

The committee to meet to-morrow, ante meridiem, at eight o'clock. 
Adjourned till ten o'clock, to-morrow, ante meridiem. 

17 day at ten o^cloch, j^ost preces, sederunt, &c. 

Masters McNish, Anderson, and Gelston, gave satisfactory reasons to the 
Synod for their not attending before this session. 

Mr. Hampton signified his inability to attend, by letter. 

Mr. Jones is dangerously sick. Mr. Pierson sick, as likewise Masters 
Young, Clement, and Hook. Mr. Dickinson necessarily detained by his 
brother's sickness. 

Mr. McNish and Mr. Anderson did write to the Synod of Glasgow, and to 
the Principal of the college there, as appointed. 

The Presbytery books ordered to be brought in next sederunt. 

The Synod ordered that a committee should be chosen to inquire and in- 
spect into the aflfair of the fund, and receive what money shall be brought in 
now, and consider of some proper methods of disposing of it to the best advan- 
tage for answering its end. 

The Synod ordered that the moderator. Masters McNish, Anderson, Stod- 
dert, Conn, Bradner, and Andrews, be the members of the said committee. 

Whereas there was a petition from the Presbyterian congregation of New 
York presented to the Synod, it was ordered that that petition should be deli- 
berated upon by the above committee, and their sentiments transmitted to the 
Synod. 

Ordered, That the above committee relating to the fund, do meet at five 
o'clock in the afternoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, post meridiem. 

At three o^ clock post meridiem, post preces, sederunt ut supra. 

The book of the Presbytery of Philadelphia was not produced by reason of 
Mr. Dickinson's absence. 

Masters Orr and Cross appointed to revise the Presbytery's book of Long 
Island. 

Masters McNish and Anderson appointed to revise the Presbytery's book 
of New Castle. 

The papers of the Presbytery of New Castle relating to the appeal of Abra- 
ham Emmitt, and his two sons, voted to be read. 

The Synod having heard all the papers with respect to Mr. Emmitt's ap- 
peal, deferred the full consideration thereof till to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till seven o'clock precisely, to-morrow morning. 

18 da jj, post preces, sederunt nt supra, at seven o'clock. 

It was overtured to the Synod by the committee appointed to consider of 
the fund, that a tenth part of the neat produce of the Glasgow collection be 
given to the Presbyterian congregation of New York towards the support of 
the gospel among them, and that a letter be sent to them from the Synod re- 
lating to their circumstances; which overture was approved by the Synod, and 
the moderator and Mr. Cross were appointed to write said letter, which letter 
is to be brought into the Synod for approbation. 

The business of Mr. Emmitt, and of his sons' appeal from the judgment 
of the I'resbytery of New Castle came again before us, and it was judged, 
ncmine contradlcente, that the appeal was groundless. And the Synod docs 
hereby approve of the whole proceedings of the Presbytery of New Castle 
in reference to that whole aflfair. And further, if in any thing the said Pres- 
bytery have failed as to their judgment in this afli'air, it is in too much lenity 
towards the appellants. 



1719.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 57 

2. That our Rev. Brother, Mr. Gillespie, is falsely and groundlessly charged 
by the appellants, when they allege of him an insufficiency as to ministerial 
abilities, and the grounds which the said appellants found their charge upon 
are altogether inconclusive and false. 

And further, it is Ordered, that the said appellants be discharged from the 
participation of the sealing ordinances of Christ, until they give satisfaction to 
the minister and session of their now present congregation for their offensive 
carriage. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, i^ost meridiem. 

Post Meridiem, sederunt ut supra. 
It being overtured by the committee concerning the fund, that such a num- 
ber of persons as the Synod thinks fit to be nominated, shall be empowered to 
receive the collection of the Synod of Glasgow and Air, if it arrives safe in 
goods, and put them into the hands of some substantial persons, to be sold to 
the best advantage for money, and to account with said persons for the sale 
thereof, and receive the neat produce for the use of the fund ; and likewise, 
after receipt thereof, to let the same to use upon good security, after paying to 
New York congregation what is allowed to them. This overture was approved 
of by the Synod. And the Synod appoints that if the said goods arrive at 
New Y^ork, that Masters McNish, Anderson, and Tennent, or any two of them; 
or in case the said goods arrive at Philadelphia, that then Masters Andrews, 
Jones, and Cross, or any two of them, have power to dispose of said goods as 
abovesaid. And that the two parties abovesaid, or a majority of them, concert 
together about the letting out the money received for said goods to interest, for 
which they shall be accountable to the Synod. 

Being further overtured by the committee that a letter be writ, (a copy of 
which to be given to every minister belonging to this Synod,) recommending a 
yearly collection to be gathered in every particular congregation for pious uses, 
to be sent yearly to the Synod by their minister or elder, it was approved. And 
Mr. Andrews is appointed to write the said letter, and to bring it into the 
Synod for approbation. 

Mr. McNish added to the committee for bills and overtures. 
^ The committee for bills and overtures appointed to meet to-morrow at eight 
o'clock, ante meridiem. 

Mr. Pumry's letter of excuse for his absence was read, and his excuse sus- 
tained. 

Masters McNish, Anderson, and Gillespie, appointed to preach here next 
Sabbath day. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

19 day. Postpreces sederunt ut siqyra. 

There was a letter sent to the Synod from the people of Patuxent, which the 
committee does overture may be considered by the Presbytery of New Castle 
and correspondents, and it was approved. 

Overtured that Mr. McGill and Mr. Orr have synodical testimonials, they 
having at present no particular pastoral charges, and being uncertain how and 
where Providence may dispose of them ; it was granted them, and Mr. Andrews 
is appointed to write said testimonials, and to bring them in for the approbation 
of the Synod. 

The Synod appoints the committee for bills and overtures to write a letter to 
the people of Snow-hill, in answer to theirs to the Synod. 
_ The Synod having received a letter from the people of Patomoke, in Vir- 
ginia, requesting the Synod's care and diligence to provide them an able gospel 
minister to settle among them, it was appointed that the Rev. Mr. Daniel Mc- 



58 MINUTES OF THE [1719. 

Gill should go and preach to that people in order to settlement upon mutual 
agreement, and that a letter be writ to said people by Masters Conn and Cross, 
and by them be brought into the Synod for approbation. 

The committee for the fund appointed to meet at eight o'clock, ante meri- 
diem, on ^londay next. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, ante meridiem, on Monday next. 

21 dat/. Accordinr/ to appointment, post 2'>'>'cccs, sederunt ut supra. 

The letter to be sent to the several congregations was brought in by Mr. 
Andrews, and approved.* 

Ordered, That an authentic copy of said letter be given to every Presbytery 
of the Synod, signed by the moderator and clerk. 

Overtured by the committee for the fund that the widow of the Rev. Mr. 
John Wilson is considered as a person worthy of the regard of this Synod, as 
to her present circumstances, and it is proposed that four pounds be now given 
her out of the present fund, and that a discretionary power be lodged with Mr. 
Andrews, if he sees necessity requires, to give her some further supply out of 
the said fund, between this and the next Synod, not exceeding three pouuds, 
and it was approved. 

It is appointed by the Synod, that the money that is now in bank, be en- 
trusted to the trustees of the Glasgow collection afore mentioned, that they or 
three of them shall have power to let out to interest said money, and that those 
that let out said money shall be accountable to the next Synod. 

The committee for bills and overtures, appointed to meet half an hour after 
3 o'clock, in the evening. 

Adjourned till 4 o'clock, post merid. 

Post merid. according to appointment, p)ost preces sederunt xit supra. 
There was brought into the fund during the sitting of this Synod, from several 

* The letter of the Synod now sitting at Philadelphia, to the several congregations within 

the bounds of the Synod. 

September 22, 1719. 

Christian Friends : — Whereas Divine Providence, which is the Disposer of the lot of 
all men, has planted us in these parts of the world, and in sucli a station wherein we are 
obliged, in an eminent manner, to study the everlasting welfare of the souls of men. 
And whereas, to our great grief and exercise, we see many smaller places of lesser ability 
to maintain and support the interest of Christ among them, by the ordinary means of 
salvation, and yet desirous thereof, languishing in darkness and blindness, and in groat 
danger of utter ruin for lack of vision ; casting in our minds how to gel these miser!il)le 
people relieved, could think upon no other way than by using our utmost interest and 
endeavour to have such a fund or stock of money raised as may be of some use to help 
those distressed places and people. In pursuance of which design we have addressed 
our friends iu Britain and Ireland not altogether without success. 

And forasmuch as it seems to us unreasonable and unjustifiable to apply to other 
places in this atl'air, and ourselves, who are more immediately concerned, to hoUi our 
hands, we determined to request the charity of our respective congregations in the pre- 
mises, that they would yearly make a collection for the carrying on of the said noble and 
pious design of plauting and spreading the everlasting gospel in these provinces. 

As fur arguments to enforce this our proposal, the thing itself is of such consequence 
and importance, and withal so needful, that we need not, we hope, use any other, only 
the consideration of a blessing entailed, in this and the other world, by God's gracious 
promises, on all such as do cheerfully exert themselves for the glory of God and the 
good of souls, together witli the honourable examples that are frequently set us by the 
good people of our own nation both at home and abroad. So reconuuending you to the 
counsel and blessing of the Author and llewarder of all good works, we subscribe our- 
selves yours in the truest bonds of Christian affections. — \_Lener Jioo/c] 



1720.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 59 

persous, the sum of twenty-oue pounds, seven shillings and ten pence ; be- 
sides a bill of exchange of fourteen pounds, five shillings sterling money, from 
Mr. Hampton, together with sixteen pouuds, fifteen shillings, Pennsylvania 
money, that was before in the hands of Mr. Jedidiah Andrews, the treasurer 
of the fund. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

22d day, according to aj)J>ointment, jMst preces sederunt ut supra. 

The letter to the Presbyterian congregation, New York, was brought in and 
approved. 

The Presbytery book of New Castle, was revised and approved by the Synod, 
unto the end of sessio septlma in page nineteen, as is to be seen in the margin 
of said book in the above said page nineteen. 

Ordered, That i\s£ Presbytery of Long-Island get a new well ordered book 
against the nest Synod, and that they leave marginal room for Synodical 
amendments. 

Mr. McNish reported, that of the sum not exceeding three pounds, for the 
disposing of which Masters McNish, Jones, and Andrews, had a discretionary 
power lodged in them, there was only one pound ten shillings disposed of. 

The letter to the people of Potomoke, in Virginia, was brought in and ap- 
proved of. 

Letters testimonial were given to Mr. Daniel McGrill and Mr. Robert Orr, 
according to appointment, a copy of which is ordered to be kept in retentis. 

The minutes for the Synod's this year's meeting, were read and approved. 

Appointed that the meeting of the next Synod be the third Wednesday of 
September next, at Philadelphia. 

1730. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

Septemlter 22, 1720. Post preces, the roll icas called. 

Ministers present : Messrs. Daniel McGill, Jedidiah Andrews, George Gil- 
lespie, George McNish, David Evans, John Bradner, Robert Cross, Malachi 
Jones, Joseph Morgan, Jonathan Dickinson, Henry Hook, Samuel Young, 
William Stewart, John Clement, James Anderson, Joseph Webb, John 
Orme. 

Elders present : Messrs. John Nicols, Caleb Ward, Benjamin Armitage, 
Archibald Edmundson, Alexander White, James Abraham, Thomas January, 
Christophel Van Sandt, Jonathan Smith, John Colwell, Isaac Piper, Daniel 
Smith. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Hugh Conn, John Thomson, John Hampton, 
Samuel Purary, John Pierson, Samuel Gelston, William Tennent, Samuel 
Davis, George Philips, Joseph Lamb. 

Mr. Malachi Jones, chosen moderator, and Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, clerk. 

According to last year's appointment, the Synod should have met yesterday, 
but were hindered by bad weather. 

Mr. John Thomson, who was moderator last year, was absent by reason of 
sickness, for which cause the Synodical sermon was not preached. 

Mr. John Pierson sent the reason of his absence by letter, which was sus- 
tained. Mr. Hugh Conn and Mr. William Tennent, sent the reasons of their 
absence by letter, which were sustained. 

The minutes of last year ordered to be read. 

The Moderator, Masters Andrews, McGill, Young, Anderson, and Dickin- 
son, appointed for a committee for bills and overtures. 



60 MINUTES OF THE [1720. 

Mr. Hampton absent by reason of sickness. 

The Presbytery books ordered to be brought in next sederunt. 

The whole afl'air respecting the fund continued. 

a\Ir. 3Iorgan appointed to preach to-morrow, at eleven o'clock. 

Masters (lillespie, Dickinson, and Stewart, appointed to preach here next 
Lord's day. 

Mr. McGill reported to the Synod, that according to last year's appointment, 
he went to Potomoke, in Virginia, and after some months' continuance there, 
put the people into church order. 

The said Congregation of Potomoke, in Virginia, have sent a letter to the 
Synod, manifesting their hearty approbation of Mr. McGill's whole conduct 
among them, and desiring his settling with them as their minister. 

The affair of Potomoke deferred till afterwards. 

An inquiry with respect to what the respective ministers have done about the 
annual collections, delayed. * 

Mr. John Orme presented to the Synod his testimonials relating to his 
ordination to and qualifications for the gospel ministry, which the Synod 
was satisfied with ; and upon his desire, he was received a member of the 
Synod. 

The committee for bills and overtures, appointed to meet half an hour after 
two o'clock, this afternoon. 

Adjourned till four o'clock, post merid. 



Half an hour after 4 o'dock, P. M. post preccs sederunt ut svpra. 

IMasters Gillespie and Evans, appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia. 

Masters Morgan and Hook, appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
New Castle. 

Masters Bradner and Stewart, appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
Long-Island. 

Ordered, That the committee for bills and overtures, do bring in an overture 
for the better settling our Presbyteries. 

The affair respecting the fund further continued. 

The affair of Potomoke further continued. 

The affair of collections further delayed. 

An address from the people of Gloucester and Pilesgrove, supplicating the 
advice and assistance of the Synod, for the settling of the gospel among them, 
and in particular with relation to Mr. James Morehead, that has lately preached 
among them, was read and considered. 

And the said Mr. Morehead, offering himself to be admitted a member of the 
Synod, and producing his certificates, which being viewed and deliberated upon 
by the Synod, were unanimously voted not valid ; and mure especially a writing 
produced by him as a testimonial of his ordination. This, together with other 
reasons, viz : his irregular and factious carriage in his own country, (as ap- 
peared by his own confession, and the personal knowledge of several members 
of this Synod,) together with his scandalous and disorderly behaviour since he 
came into America, (as manifestly appeared,) has caused the Synod to refuse 
him admittance into their number, and to lay a charge upon all their members 
to give him no encouragement as a minister, but to advertise all as they have 
opportunity, and occasion to beware of him. 

Ordered, That an extract of this minute, with relation to Mr. Morehead, 
signed by the clerk, be given to every Presbytery belonging to this Synod. 

Adjourned till to-morrow, at eight o'clock. 



1720.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 61 

23(? day at eight o' clock, post preces sederunt ut supra. 

The affair respecting the fund further continued. 

Ordered, That the affair of Potomoke, be considered by the committee for 
bills and overtures. 

The affair of collections further delayed. 

The letter from Gloucester and Pilesgrove being reviewed, it was ordered 
that Mr. jNIorgan preach at Gloucester next Lord's day, and he carry with 
him an extract of the minutes of the Synod with relation to Mr. Morehead, 
and read it to that congregation. 

Mr. Hook ordered to preach at Pilesgrove the next Lord's day come s'en- 
night, and carry with him an extract of the minutes of this Synod with rela- 
tion to Mr. Morehead, and read it to the congregation. 

Mr. Andrews appointed to write a letter to the people of Gloucester and 
Pilesgrove, in answer to theirs, and bring it in to-morrow morning. 

What further concerns the people of Gloucester and Pilesgrove, referred to 
the Presbytery of Philadelphia. 

A letter from Mr. Pumry, by way of excuse for his absence being read, was 
not sustained. Mr. McNish appointed to tell him so. 

The committee for bills and overtures, appointed to meet at three o'clock, 
afternoon. 

Adjourned till half an hour after three o'clock, Post meridiem. 

Half an hour after three o'clock, P. 31. post preces sederunt qui sxipra. 

Ordered, That the committee for bills and overtures, together with Mr. 
McNish and Mr. Bradner added to them, be a committee about the affair of 
the fund. 

Ordered, That every minister of this Synod do their diligence to obtain what 
collection they can from their respective congregations toward the fund, as was 
appointed last Synod. 

The affair of Mr. Clement came into consideration and is continued. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

24 day, at 8 d' clock, post preces, sederunt ut supra. 

The papers sent to the Synod by some elders of the church at Kehoboth, 
by way of complaint against Mr. Clement, their minister, were delivered to 
said Mr. Clement, to be perused, and answered in writing the next Monday, 
at ten o'clock, ante meridiem. 

A letter from James Mitchell read, and the consideration of it delayed 

The supplication of Abraham Emmitt being read, is deferred till the next 
sederunt. 

An address from some people in and about Birmingham, upon Brandywine, 
read in the Synod, and is continued. 

The letter to Gloucester and Pilesgrove read and approved. 

Adjourned till Monday morning, at ten o'clock. 

26 day, ten o' clock post preces, sederunt ut supra. 
The affair of Mr. Clement delayed. 

The consideration of James Mitchell's letter further delayed. \ 

The supplication of Abraham Emmitt delayed. 
The address from Birmingham delayed. 

The affair of New York coming under consideration, was deferred till 
afternoon. 

Adjourned till four o'clock, P. M. 



62 MINUTES OF THE [1720. 

P. M. four o'clock, jxmt prcces, sederunt xit snjyra. 

After a full bearing and long reasoning upon the case represented by 
Messrs. Livingston and Smith, touching Mr. Anderson's settling at New 
York; the question was put whether the proceedings of the Presbytery of 
Long Island, in the settling Mr. Anderson at New York, were regular? And 
it was carried in the affirmative by a great majority. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews and Mr. Dickinson write a letter to Messri?. 
Livingston and Smith, &c. 

The sentiments of the Synod concerning two sermons read before them, 
preached at New York by Mr. Anderson, and complained of by Messrs. Liv- 
ingston and Smith, is, that they could wish that they had been delivered in 
softer and milder terms in some passages, though the Synod approves of the 
substance of the sermons as orthodox and godly. 

Ordered, That the moderator, Mr. Gillespie, and Mr. Evans, write a letter 
to the Presbyterian congregation at New York, and bring it into the Synod. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

27 clai/, ten o' clock, post preces, sederunt ttt supra. 
The letter to Messrs. Livingston and Smith, &c. read and approved. 
Mr. Clement brought his answer in writing to the papers sent to the Synod 
from Rehoboth, which being considered, was further delayed. 
Adjourned till four o'clock, P. M. 

Four o'clock, P. M. Postpreces scda-unt ut supra. 

Overtured, That a committee be sent to Rehoboth, with full power from 
the Synod to act in their names, and by their authority, in the affair between 
Mr. Clement and that people, and that ^Ir. Clement be suspended from the 
exercise of his ministry, until the determination of that committee. This 
overture was carried by vote in the affirmative, neinlne contradicente. 

Ordered, That Masters 3IcNish, McGill, Thomson, Stewart, Gillespie, and 
Hook, or any three of them, be a committee for said purpose, and to meet at 
said place the fourth Friday of October next. 

Ordered, That each of the mentioned ministers carry an elder with him if 
he can. 

Ordered, That an extract of this minute be given to said committee. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, nine o'clock. 

28</i day. Nine o'clock. Postpreces, sederunt ut supra. 

The Synod having received letters from Snowhill, by way of complaint 
against Mr. Samuel Davis, have appointed Masters McNish, McGill, Hamp- 
ton, Thomson, Stewart, Gillespie, and Hook, or any three of them, to be a 
committee to go to Snowhill, with full power to hear, examine, and deter- 
mine about the complaints made, or to be made, against the said Mr. Davis. 
Which affair is to be determined by said committee, before the committee ap- 
pointed in the business of 3Ir. Clement return home. 

Upon a motion of an iuterloquitur of the ministers of the Synod, by ]Mr. 
McNish, Ordered, That the ministers meet, pursuant to said motion, at three 
o'clock, P. 3L 

The consideration of James Mitchell's letter further delayed. 

Adjourned till six o'clock, P. M. 

29/7<. day, at nine o'clock, A. M. Punt ptreces, sederunt ut sujn-a. 
The Synod being necessarily hindered from sitting at the time appointed, 
have deferred their meeting until now. 

The interloquitur of the ministers of the Synod was held according to ap- 



1720.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 63 

pointment. Another interloquitur appointed to be held at three o'clock, post 
meridiem. 

The Synod being addressed by letters from Abraham Emmitt, senior, Abra- 
-ham Emmitt, junior, and Josias Emmitt, petitioning their reconsideration of 
the case between Mr. Grillespie and them ; the Synod, upon serious considera- 
tion, find reason to confirm their former sentence, any reasons now oftered to the 
contrary by said Emmitts notwithstanding. And it is ordered by the Synod, 
that the said Emmitts be still discharged from the participation of sealing ordi- 
nances until they give this following satisfaction, viz. that they own their fault 
before the session, in uttering defamatory speeches against the ministerial 
abilities of Mr. George Gillespie, and shall manifest their sorrow for having 
done so. 

There being an overture brought from the committee for bills and overtures 
that ten pounds out of the fund be given for the encouragement and support 
of such ministers as shall preach to the people of Gloucester and Pilesgrove, 
to be disposed of at the discretion of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, or any 
two of them, it was agreed to by the Synod. 

Ordered, That Mr. McGill and Mr. Young write a letter to the Synod of 
Glasgow and Ayr, and another to Mr. Stirling, principal of the college of Glas- 
gow, in answer to theirs, representing the hearty thauks of this Synod for their 
kindness to the interest of religion in these wilderness parts. 

Ordered, That the letter two years ago by this Synod to the ministers of Lon- 
don, be transcribed and directed severally to Dr. Calamy, Mr. John Nesbitt, 
aud Mr. James Anderson, with a short postscript to each. 

Adjourned till four o'clock, j)ost meridiem. 

Four o'clock, P. M. Post preces, sederunt ut supra. 

The interloquitur of the ministers of the Synod was held according to ap- 
pointment, with relation to an affair respecting Mr. llobert Cross, referred to 
the Synod by the Presbytery of New Castle. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, eight o'clock. 

30;/i day. Post preces, sederunt ut supra, at eight o'clock. 

The affair of Mr. Kobert Cross transmitted from the interloquitur of the 
Synod, came into consideration before the Synod, wherein the charges of for- 
nication laid against him, with its aggravations, were fully heard and consid- 
ered with great deliberation, and also charged upon him by the moderator, in 
the face of the Synod, and before several other discreet persons who were 
desired to be present. And the said Mr. Robert Cross did, with great seri- 
ousness, humility, and signs of true repentance, confess the charge laid against 
him, and in all respects did so behave himself as was universally satisfactory 
to the Synod, and the other persons present. 

Overtured, That Mr. Cross be suspended by act of the Synod four Sabbaths, 
and at the expiration of said time he have liberty again to preach the gospel. 
And that at the desire of the congregation of New Castle, or their re- 
presentatives in their name, he may be again restored to the exercise of his 
ministry in that place, by a committee of the Synod, and that the said com- 
mittee meet at said place at least three days before the expiration of the said 
time. 

This overture was agreed to by the Synod. 

Ordered, That Mr. Jones, Mr. Andrews, Mr. Young, Mr. McGill, Mr 
Evans, or any three of them, be the said committee. 

Ordered, That Mr. McGill preach the second, Mr. Young the third, Mr 
Hook the fourth Sabbath in next month, at New Castle. 

Adjourned till four o'clock, post meridiem. 



64 MINUTES OF THE [1721. 

Four o'clock, P. M. Post jircces, scdenint ut supra. 

Mr. McGill appointed to preach at Kent county, and to the people at Bir- 
mingham, on Brandywine, or to either or both of them as he in Christian pru- 
dence shall find occasion. 

The letter to the congregation at New York was read and approved. 

Overtured, That a commission of the Synod bo appointed to act in the name, 
and with the whole authority of the Synod, in all affairs that shall come before 
them, and particularly that the whole of the fund be left to their conduct, and 
that they be accountable to the Synod; which overture was approved by the 
Synod. 

Masters Jones, Andrews, McNish, Anderson, Dickinson, and Lvans, ap- 
pointed for said commission, any three whereof to be a quorum. 

The ]^-esbytery books were each of them, according to appointment, revised 
and approved by the Synod. j -n i. 

The business concerning the regulation of Presbyteries, deferred till the next 

Synod. 

The letters to Glasgow read and approved. 

Mr. Gillespie entered his protest and dissent against the procedure of the 
Synod with respect to the affair of Robert Cross. 

The Synod adjourned until the third Wednesday of September next, then to 
meet at Philadelphia.* 

1721. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

Scptcrnhcr 20tJi, 1721. Posi 2yrcces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Daniel McGill, Jedidiah Andrews, George Gillespie, 
George McNish, Malachi Jones, David Evans, Joseph Morgan, Jonathan 
Dickinson, James Anderson, Joseph Webb, John Orme, William Teunent, 
John Thomson, Samuel Gelston, Samuel Pumry, Hugh Conn, Henry Hook, 
Samuel Davis, John Pierson, Robert Cross, William Stewart. 

Messrs. John Braducr, John Clement, George Philips, and Joseph Lamb, 
were ab.sent. 

Elders present : Messrs. Robert Gordon, John Snowden, Robert Finney, 
John David, John Gardner, Johannes Vandegrift, Robert Ogden, Thomas 
Udell, and Ephraim Sealy. 

Mr. Jonathan Dickinson was chosen moderator, and Mr. David Evans was 
chosen clerk. 

The Synod to their great sorrow found that our reverend brethren, Mr. 
Samuel Young and Mr. John Hampton were dead. 



• Mr. Archibald Edmundson. 

Philadelphia, October the Gth, 1720. 

gir ; Mr. i\IcGill having reported to me and some others that were left as a com- 
mittee" of the Synod, that there was some dilfercnce between his apprehensions and those 
of the people of Marlborough congregation, respecting about half a year's time that was 
spent between the time of his having accepted tlie call in England and hi.s entering into 
actual service among you ; and desiring our opinion, whether it were not right for him to 
expect pay for that time, because he had tlien Laid by all business that could be advan- 
tageous to him, besides was rather more expensive to him than the same space of time 
was when actually settled in business ; we could not but give it as our opinion, that he 
might justlv expect to be paid for that time, and the other members left it with me to 
acquaint yJu with our sentiments of the matter. I am, sir, your humble servant. A. 
— (Letter Book.] 

[Many of the letters referred to in the Minutes are not to be found in the Letter Book, 
aud the foregoing is the last memorandum recorded.] 



1721.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 65 

Mr. Jones, moderator of the last Synod, preached a Synodical sermon from 
1 Cor. iv. 2. 

Appointed that the committee for bills and overtures be Masters Jedidiah 
•Andrews, George McNish, and Daniel McGill. 

The minutes of the last Synod ordered to be read. 

New complaints being made by some of the members concerning James 
Morehead, who was disowned by the Synod last year, which affair is deferred 
till afterwards. 

Mr. Samuel Pumry gave satisfactory reasons to the Synod for his absence 
last year. 

Ordered, That the members of the Synod be inquired of to-morrow morn- 
ing, what collection they have made towards the fund. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hugh Conn shall preach here next Friday, at eleven 
o'clock. 

Ordered, That the committee for bills and overtures do meet to-morrow 
morning, at seven o'clock. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, at 9 o'clock. 

21st day. Postpreces sederunt qui supra, at nine o'clock. 

The affair of the committee with relation to Mr. Clement, deferred. 
_ Mr. Gillespie reported that the Emmitts gave satisfaction to him and his ses- 
sion, according to the order of the Synod last year. 

The Presbytery of Philadelphia reported that they had paid Mr. Clement 
five pounds of the ten pounds that was left to them last year to be disposed 
of at their discretion, for the encouragement of the gospel at Gloucester and 
Pilesgrove. 

The committee appointed to meet upon the account of Mr. Cross, met 
according to appointment, and the representatives of the congregation of New 
Castle, reporting that the generality of said congregation were for continuing 
Mr. Cross as their pastor ; the said committee restored him unto the exercise 
of his pastoral office there. 

Mr. McGill performed the order of the Synod last year to their satisfac- 
tion. 

Ordered, That the commissioners of the Synod, do bring in an account to- 
morrow morning of what they have done in the Synod's name, since last 
meeting. 

Appointed that the committee for bills and overtures be also a committee for 
the fund ; and Messrs. Jones, Ande"son, Thomson, and the moderator, be 
added to them. 

Appointed that Mr. Pierson and Mr. Webb, do revise the Presbytery book 
of New Castle. 3 3 

Appointed that Mr. Conn and Mr. Cross, do revise the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia. 

Appointed that Mr. Orme and Mr. Gillespie, do revise the Presbytery book 
of Long-Island. 

The business with respect to the regulation of Presbyteries deferred from 
last to this Synod, further delayed. 

The affair relating to James Morehead, further delayed. 

It being inquired what collections for the fund were made, it was found 
that Masters Andrews, McNish, the Moderator, Webb, Orme, Conn, Thom- 
son, and Gelston, have brought collections from their respective congregations, 
which they are ordered to deliver to the committee for the fund, and the 
remaining ministers having given their reasons why they obtained no collec- 
tions, they were sustained. 
9 



66 ' MINUTES OF THE [1721. 

Ordered, That the ministers of this Synod shall continue their diligence to 
obtain collections for the fund as afore appointed. 

The committee for bills and overtures, appointed to meet at half an hour 
after two o'clock, poi^t merid. 

Adjourned till half an hour after three o'clock, P. M. 

P. M. half an hour after three o'clock. 
The whole affair relating to Mr. Clement deferred. 
The consideration of the regulation of Presbyteries further delayed. 
The affair relating to Mr. Morehcad, further delayed. 
Adjourned till three o'clock, post merid. to-morrow. 

22d day at three o'clock, post merid. sederunt qui supra. 

The affair relating to Mr. Clement further delayed. 

The consideration of the regulation of Presbyteries further delayed. 

The affair of James Morehead was reassumcd, and he presenting himself 
before the Synod, it was by the moderator inquired of him, whether he would 
submit to the Synod or not, which he refusing, the moderator, in the name of 
the Synod, solemnly admonished him not to exercise the work of the minis- 
try, upon pain of the highest church censure in case of continued contumacy. 

Ordered, That a letter be written to the people of White-clay creek, in 
answer to their letter to the Synod, and that Masters John Orme and Robert 
Cross do write said letter. 

Ordered, That Mr. John Thomson preach at White-clay creek, and read 
the above said letter to said people, together with all the conclusions of the 
Synod relating to the above said Morehead. 

Ordered, That Masters Orme, Cross, and McGill, do preach here next 
Lord's day. 

The committee for bills and overtures, to meet at eight o'clock, ante merid. 
to-morrow. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, A. M. to-morrow. 

23d day at ten o'clock, A. M. post preces sederunt qm sicpra. 

The affair of Mr. Clement was reassumed, and with reference thereunto it 
■was proposed, whether it should be presently taken into consideration of the 
Synod, which was carried affirmatively. Whereupon the Synod having 
■diligently inquired into the conversation of the said Mr. Clement, from the 
time of the committee appointed to sit at Rehoboth last fall, do find incontes- 
table proof from several evidences who appeared before the Synod, that in the 
general, the carriage of the said Mr. Clement, had been unbecoming a gospel 
minister. And more particularly it was proved before us, that he had been 
grossly disingenuous in the pretended satisfaction he had given to the said 
committee, by his saying, that the confession of his immoralities, and tht 
satisfaction he had made to them, was because he knew no other way to get 
out of their clutches. It also appeared by good evidence, that the said Mr. 
Clement, had been diverse times overtaken with drink, and chargeable with 
very abusive language, and quarrelling, and of stabbing a man. Whereupor. 
the Synod seriously considering the premises, do, in regard to the honour of 
Ood and edification of his people, as well as for preventing the bad influence 
of his ill example, as also his own conviction and reformation, suspend the 
said 3Ir. Clement from the exercise of all and every part of his ministerial 
function, till the next meeting of the Synod at this place. 

Ordered, That Mr. Jedidiah Andrews do write a letter to said Mr. Clement 
at his leisure, in which an extract of this minute is to be inclosed. 



1721.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 67 

The committee for bills and overtures to meet at eight o'clock on Monday 
next, A. M. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, Monday next, A. M. 

Beptemhcr, Ihth day at ten o'clock, according to appointment, post preces se- 
derunt qui supra. 

Mr. Samuel Davis gave the reasons of his several years' absence, which rea- 
sons were sustained. 

The consideration of the regulation of Presbyteries further delayed. 

The letter to the people of Whiteclay creek was brought in, read, and ap- 
proved. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, precisely, P. M. 

Three o'clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt, &c. 

The consideration of the regulation of Presbyteries deferred ut supra. 

Mr. Gillespie proposing to the Synod a review of their last year's minutes 
with relation to Mr. Robert Cross, in order that they might be altered or an- 
nulled, it was voted the said minutes should not be annulled or altered. 

The question being put whether answers in writing should be made by the 
Synod to Mr. Gillespie's protestations and objections against the procedure of 
the Synod with relation to Mr. Ptobert Cross his affair, and it was carried in 
the negative. 

Mr. Pierson appointed to preach here to-morrow night. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow, A. M, 

2Qth day, at ten o'clock, A. M. post preces sederunt qui siipra. 
The overture brought in upon Mr. Gillespie's second paper deferred. 
Adjourned till three o'clock precisely, P. M. 

At three o'clock, P. 31. post p)reces sederunt, &c. 

The overture brought in upon Mr. Gillespie's second paper, further de- 
layed. 

A reference from the Presbytery of Long-Island being made to this Synod, 
as to a further cognoscing on the affiiir of the trustees of New Haven college, 
their sending missionaries to erect a new separate congregation in New York ; 
and we having inspected into the conduct of the said Presbytery in that affair, 
though we cannot see how their conduct can be disapproved ; yet considering 
that the gentlemen trustees have, by a letter, desired a conference with some 
of our Synod upon that and other affairs, we now defer giving our Synodical 
judgment thereon, that so we may not hinder their desired amicable conference 
with us, in case any such conference be appointed. 

A letter from the trustees of the college of New Haven being read, wherein 
they have desired that this Synod would send some of their number to meet 
and amicably treat with them about the great affairs of religion in general, and 
about the unhappy difference at New York in particular; the Synod in an- 
swer to those great and good ends, do appoint the Presbytery of Long-Island, 
or as many of their number as the said Presbytery shall nominate and appoint 
to meet, and christianly confer with the said trustees upon the foresaid arti- 
cles, at Stanford, on the 25th day of October next, and that a letter be written 
in answer to theirs. 

Ordered, That Masters Andrews, McGill, and Thomson, do write said letter, 
and bring it in to-morrow afternoon. 

The committee for bills and overtures to meet at eight o'clock, to-morrow 
morning. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, to-morrow morning. 



68 MINUTES OF THE [1722. 

11th day. At ten o'clock. Post prcces sederunt, d-c. 

The overture brought in upon Mr. Gillespie's second paper further de- 
layed. 

Ordered, That each minister of this Synod do pay a shilling to the door- 
keeper. 

An overture being brought in from the committee of bills and overtures, 
that Mrs. Wilson should have of the fund four pounds ten shillings, Mr. 
Evans two pounds ten shillings, the said overture was approved by the Synod. 

The people of Birmingham addressing the Synod for a supply of preach- 
ing the gospel unto them, that matter 'was referred to the Presbytery of New 
Castle. 

Adjourned till 3 o'clock, P. M. 

Three o'clock, P. M. Po.st pi-eces, sederunt qui supra. 

"Whereas in page thirty-three of the Presbytery (now Synod,) book, there is 
a minute relating to 31r. Pierson's settlement at Woodbridge, the Synod at his 
instance, do declare their approbation of his conduct in settling there. 

The overture upon Mr. Gillespie's second paper was reassumed, which was 
as followeth, viz. 

As we have been for many years in the exercise of Presbyterian government 
and Church discipline, as exercised by the Presbyterians in the best reformed 
Churches, as far as the nature and constitution of this country will allow, our 
opinion is, that if any brother have any overture to offer to be formed into an 
act by the Synod, for the better carrying on in the matter of our government 
and discipline, that he may bring it in against next Synod. 

This overture was carried in the affirmative by a majority of votes, and or- 
dered by vote to be recorded. 

Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, Mr. Malachi Jones, Mr. Joseph Morgan, Mr. John 
Pierson, Mr. David Evans, and Mr. Joseph Webb, entered their protestation 
against the above mentioned act, and the recording of it, and gave in the rea- 
sons of their protest, which are in rctentis. 

Ordered, That Mr. McGill and Mr. McNish draw up answers to the above- 
said protest. 

The Presbytery books were each of them, according to appointment, read 
and approved by the Synod. 

The letter to the trustees of New Haven college was read and approved. 

Ordered, that Mr. Jedidiah Andrews do sign said letter in the name of the 
Synod. 

The affair of the regulation of Presbyteries, and the letters from Southamp- 
ton and New York, deferred till next Synod. 

Overtured, That a commission of the Synod be appointed to act in the name, 
and with the whole authority of the Synod, in all affairs which shall come be- 
fore them, and particularly that the whole affair of the fund be left to their 
conduct, and that they be accountable to the Synod. 

Which overture was approved by the Synod, and Masters George McNish, 
Jedidiah Andrews, James Anderson, Samuel Purary, Malachi Jones, and 
llobert Cross, were appointed for said commissioners, any three of them to be 
a quorum. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday in September next, and then to meet at 
Philadelphia, at two oWock, post meridian. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

September 20th, 1722. 
(The paucity of the members present was the reason why they did not con- 
stitute yesterday, according to appointment.) 



1722.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 69 

Postpreces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. John Orme, John Thomson, Samuel Gelston, Samuel 
Pumry, Hugh Conn, Henry Hook, Robert Cross, William Stewart, John 
Bradner, Moses Dickinson, Daniel McGill, Jedidiah Andrews, George Gilles- 
pie, George McNish, Malachi Jones, David Evans, Joseph Morgan, Jonathan 
Dickinson, James Anderson. 

Messrs. Joseph Webb, William Tennent, Samuel Davis, John Pierson, 
John Clement, George Philips, Joseph Lamb, ministers, were absent. 

Elders present were : Messrs. John Budd, John Gardner, Joseph Charles- 
worth, James Parry, Joseph Woodroof, Edward Holmes, David Miller, 
Richard Wallis, and Enoch Armitage. 

Mr. John Thomson was chosen moderator, and Mr. David Evans was chosen 
clerk. 

The minutes of the last Synod ordered to be read. 

Mr. John Braduer gave his reasons for his absence last year, which were 
sustained. 

Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, the moderator of the last Synod, preached a 
synodical sermon, from 2 Tim. iii. 17. 

Masters Jedidiah Andrews, Jonathan Dickinson, George McNish, Robert 
Cross, with the moderator, are appointed for a committee for bills and over- 
tures ; and it is recommended to all the rest of the members of the Synod to 
attend upon said committee as they can and see cause. 

And it 's agreed by the Synod, that if any matter of difficulty happen to be 
referred from any of our respective Presbyteries to the Synod, they may as 
they think meet, either bring it immediately to the Synod or to the aforesaid 
committee. 

Mr. Alexander Hutchinson, probationer, producing sufficient credentials 
from the Presbytery of Glasgow was approved. 

Appointed, That Mr. Samuel Pumry preach here to-morrow, at eleven 
o'clock in the morning. And Mr. McNish, and Mr. Alexander Hutchinson, 
to preach here next Sabbath day ; and Mr. Robert Cross on the next Sabbath 
night ; and Mr. James Anderson on the next Monday night. 

Appointed, That the committee for bills and overtures be also a committee 
for the fund, and that Mr. Hugh Conn, and Mr. James Anderson, be added 
to them. 

Appointed, That the committee for overtures do meet to-morrow, at eight 
o'clock, ante meridiem. 

A letter from Mr. Joseph Webb, containing the reasons of his absence 
from the Synod, was produced by Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, and the reasons 
were sustained. 

One Mr. Robert Laing, a minister of the gospel from Great Britaia, being 
arrived in Maryland, and as he was coming to this Synod was taken sick by 
the way, whose credentials from Great Britain were produced at this Synod 
and approved, and he recommended to the Presbytery of New Castle for fur- 
ther direction. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

At three o'clocJc, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Appointed, That Mr. Joseph Morgan, and Mr. Samuel Pumry, do revise 
the Presbytery book of New Castle. 

Appointed, That Mr. Malachi Jones, and Mr. Hugh Conn, do revise the 
Presbytery book of Long Island. 

Appointed, That Mr. George Gillespie, and Mr. Samuel Gelston, do revise 
the Presbytery book of Philadelphia. 

It being inquired what collections for the fund were made, it was found 



70 MlrJUTES OF THE [1722 

that Mr. George McNish, Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, and Mr. "William Stewart, 
have brought collections from their respective congregations, which they are 
ordered to deliver to the committee for the fund, and the rest of the ministers 
Laving given their reasons why they brought no collections, their reasons were 
sustained. 

The affair concerning the regulation of Presbyteries coming under consider- 
ation, it was ordered, that Mr. William Stewart do join to the Presbytery of 
New Castle. 

Mr. John Thomson preached at "Whiteclay Creek, &c. according to appoint- 
ment. 

Mr. Andrews writ the letter, and also an extract of the last Synod's minute 
relating to Mr. Clement, to him, which were delivered to him by 3Ir. Thom- 
son, and the said Mr. Clement not appearing at this Synod, his suspension is 
continued till he gives satisfaction to the Synod. And it is by the Synod re- 
commended to all our Presbyteries, that if they, or any of them, before the 
next Synod, do hear that the said Mr. Clement does any where officiate as a 
minister, they shall write to the people he officiates among, to inform them of 
the said Mr. Clement's lying under the censure of the Synod. 

The Presbytery of Long Island report that they fulfilled the appointment of 
the Synod with respect to the conference with the trustees of New Haven col- 
lege, the particular account of which conference is delayed till to-morrow. 

Ordered, That every minister of this Synod give a shilling to the door- 
keeper. 

Mr. McNish bath fulfilled the appointment of the last year's Synod in an- 
swering the protest of Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, Mr. Malachi Jones, &c. ; a 
further inquiry into which affair is delayed. 

Ordered, That the commission of the Synod do bring in an account of all 
their proceedings since the last Synod, to-morrow. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, j>os< meridiem, to-morrow. 

21 dai/. At 3 o'clock, P. M. jjost preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair relating to the conference with the trustees of New Haven Col- 
lege deferred till to-morrow. 

The affair relating to Mr. Dickinson, Mr. Jones, Mr. Morgan, &c. their 
protest deferred till afterwards. 

The affair relating to the account from the commission of the Synod deferred 
till afterwards. 

The affair relating to Mr. John Walton, transmitted from the committee, 
now comes under consideration, a representation whereof is contained in his 
supplication, which we have in rctends. 

Ordered, That the said supplication of Mr. Walton be read ; Masters Jona- 
than Dickinson, ^Moscs Dickinson, 3Ialachi Jones, Joseph Morgan, James 
Anderson, and John Budd, with Mr. Walton, being first removed, while the 
whole management of this affair shall last. 

The Synod having, with much seriousness and deliberation, considered the 
whole afiair, and all the particular branches of it, came to the following con- 
clusion : 

That however they judge the Presbytery of Maidenhead's proceeding to 
suspend Mr. Walton, being absent, unheard, the evidences not being con- 
fronted, especially their proceeding to publish the said suspension, with the 
reason thereof, at Croswicks, before the matter was judicially cleared, was 
not regular ; yet the charge with which Mr. Walton is charged being after- 
wards sufficiently proved, was just ground of suspension if the Presbytery 
had been more deliberate, and the matter of charge against him formally made 
appear before the inflicting the censure, as it was afterwards. And further. 



1722] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 71 

the Synod judgeth that Mr. Walton's behaviour towards, and treatment of the 
said Presbytery in many of his expressions, particularly those contained in his 
.address to the Synod, wherein he designs them in general and particular, with 
diminutive and deriding titles, and speaks of them and their proceeding with 
an air of disdain, was very abusive and insolent, and every way unsuitable and 
unbecoming for any private Christian, and much more a candidate for the min- 
istry to use towards ministers of the gospel, whose universal character hitherto 
hath been without blemish. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock precisely to-morrow, A. M. 

22c? day at 8 o'clock, according to appointment, post preces sederunt qui 
supra. 

The affair relating to the conference with the trustees of New Haven Col- 
lege; also the affair relating to Mr. Dickinson, Mr. Jones, &c. their protest; 
also the affair relating to the commission of the Synod, deferred till after- 
wards. 

A further consideration of Mr. Walton's business delayed till next Mon- 
day. 

A reference by the Presbytery of New Castle, held at Cohanzy pro re nata, 
being made to this Synod, comes now under our consideration ; and after a 
long and patient hearing of both parties, and considerable deliberation being 
had upon the same, it was universally agreed, that a committee be chosen to 
consider further upon the particulars of that affair, and to bring in overtures 
upon every particular of it against next Monday morning. The members of 
the said committee to be Masters George McNish, Jonathan Dickinson, Moses 
Dickinson, Jedidiah Andrews, John Budd, Samuel Gelston, Samuel Pumry, 
James Anderson, together with all the members of the Presbytery at Cohanzy, 
2)ro re nata, together with Mr. McGill ; which committee is to meet at four 
o'clock, this afternoon. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock, on Monday morning. 

At 8 o'clocJc on Monday, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair relating to the conference with the trustees of New Haven Col- 
lege ; also the affair relating to Mr. Dickinson, &c. and the protest ; and also 
the affair relating to the commission of the Synod, deferred till afterwards. 

The committee on the affair of Mr. Hook, not having finished what was com- 
mitted to them, the said business is deferred till afterwards. 

The business of Mr. Walton reassumed. 

Mr. Walton being called in, and largely discoursed with again respecting his 
case, he not being satisfactory in his expressions, the Synod appointed two of 
their number, silicet the moderator and Mr. McNish, to confer with him pri- 
vately, and make report to the Synod. 

The brethren appointed to confer with Mr. Walton, report, that his carriage 
with them was much as before the Synod. Whereupon the Synod concluded 
to allow him till four o'clock this afternoon to consider further of his affair, 
and that then he deliver his mind to the Synod in writing as fully as he 
thinks fit. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

At 3 dclocTc, P. M. post p>rcces sederunt qui supra. 

The affairs deferred the last sederunt, further deferred. 

The affair of Mr. Walton reassumed. 

The said Mr. Walton gave in an additional acknowledgment of his misde- 
meanours in writing, which being read, the question was put, whether it was 
satisfactory pro tanio, and it was resolved in the affirmative. 



72 . ; MINUTES OF THE [1722. 

The Synod after long and free debate upon the whole of Mr. "Walton's 
affair, do order and appoint as followeth ; that the said Mr. "Walton is sus- 
pended from preaching in any place for three Sabbaths next ensuing, and that 
his acknowledgment and confession given in this day to the Synod, so far 
only as it concerns his miscarriages committed at Newark, shall in his own 
words be read publicly in open congregation on the last of the three Sabbaths ; 
•where it is ordered that Mr. "Walton shall be present and own the said ac- 
knowledgment and confession given in to us before the congregation then and 
there assembled ; which done, the minister appointed to preach that day, shall 
authoritatively take off the suspension. Mr. Pumry is appointed to preach at 
Newark the said Sabbath. Mr. George Gillespie, Mr. David Evans, Mr. John 
Orme, and Mr. John Gardner, dissented against the limited suspension of Mr. 
John "Walton. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

At eight o'cloc/c, A. M. according to aj>pointment, post preces sederunt qui 
sujpra. 

The affairs deferred the last sederunt, further deferred. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, post mcrid. that the committee might have time 
to complete the overtures upon the affair of Cohanzy. 

At 3 o'clocic, P. 31. according to ap>pointment, p)0st preces sederunt qui 
s%ipra. 

The affair of Mr. Hook reassumed. 

The committee appointed to bring in overtures upon the several articles 
alleged against Mr. Hook, brought in their overtures, which are as follows. 

1. Overturcd, That inasmuch as the first crimination against Mr. Hook is 
of several years date ; and by the confession of the parties offended, long since 
satisfied for, and as appears to us from an ill motive, that it be therefore re- 
jected, which overture was approved of by the Synod. 

2. Overturcd, That the Synod disapprove of Mr. Fithian's publicly charging 
Mr. Hook with a lie relating to a bargain of a horse, not only without evi- 
dence, but when the evidences he produced witnessed against him ; which over- 
ture was approved of by. the Synod. 

3. Overturcd, That Mr. Hook is chargeable with falsehood, and a very un- 
natural and uncharitable construction of Mr. Sealy's letter, in representing him 
as saying, that Mr. Hook's fingers and toes were cut off in Ireland for stealing. 
"Which overture, by a majority of votes, was approved by the Synod. 

4. Overturcd, That Mr. Hook cannot be charged with a lie respecting the 
shooting match, inasmuch as he might truly say, he did not inform the justi- 
ces, but only admonished them of their duty. Approved by a majority of votes 
of the Synod. 

5. Overturcd, That Mr. Hook was chargeable with folly and levity unbe- 
coming a gospel minister in the sham marriages alleged. Approved by the 
Synod. 

6. Overturcd, That Mr. Hook might have been asleep, notwithstanding of 
what appears by Joseph IJrooks and Benjamin Davis their evidences; there- 
fore, after long and mature deliberation upon it, we left it doubtful. Which 
was approved by the Synod. 

7. As to the charge of obscene actions expressed in Ephraim Sealy's depo- 
sition, I\Ir. Hook hath confessed the whole with much seeming sorrow, and 
grief before the Synod. Upon the whole, 31r. Hook being called in and by 
the moderator desired to declare his thouglits concerning the other articles of 
which he was concluded guilty by the Synod, he made an acknowledgment 
as to every particular, and professed a sincere sorrow and repentance for the 



1722.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 73 

same. Which together with the acknowledgment by him before made, with 
relation to the article contained in Ephraim Sealy's evidence, was accepted by 
the Synod as a satisfactory evidence of his sincere repentance. Upon which 
the Synod spent a considerable time in debating and deliberating upon the 
kind and degree of censure to be inflicted upon Mr. Hook for the abovesaid 
offences. ^ At last the question was proposed, suspend or not. The resolution 
of which is deferred till to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, to-morrow, ante merid. 

At nine dcloclc, A. M. according to appointment, post preces sederunt qui 
supra. 

The afi"airs deferred the last sederunt deferred further. 

The above mentioned question relating to the suspension or non-suspensioa 
of Mr. Hook, being proposed, it was, by a great majority of votes carried in 
the affirmative. It being again questioned, whether his suspension should be 
limited or indefinite, it was by a majority of votes carried indefinite. 

Upon the whole, the Synod have appointed, that Mr. Daniel McGill, Mr. 
Jedidiah Andrews, Mr. James Morgan, and Mr. Robert Cross, do meet at 
Fairfield meeting-house upon the third Thursday of October next ensuing, 
and then and there they or any one of them, have power to take ofi" the sus- 
pension, if no sufficient reason to the contrary appears. And further, it is 
ordered that one of the said ministers do preach at the said meeting-house, 
and also, that the said ministers do publicly read a full extract of the Synod's 
minutes relating to Mr, Hook, and that Mr. Hook make his public acknow- 
ledgment viva voce or in writing, as he thinks fit, in order to his being absolved 
as aforesaid. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

At three d clock, P. 31. according to ap)poinment, post preces sederunt qui 
supra. 

The Presbytery of Long-Island gave in their report to the Synod, that a 
committee of their Presbytery met a number of the trustees of New-Haven 
college, according to the appointment of the Synod, and have given a large 
account in writing, of their proceedings with said trustees, whereby the Synod 
is convinced that they, though without the desired success, have done what 
they could relating to the union with Connecticut ministers, and removing 
those differences between them and our Presbytery of Long-Island, by the 
irregular division of the congregation at New York, and the trustees sending 
missionaries to preach there. Upon the whole, the Synod approves of the con- 
duct of the Presbytery of Long-Island in the whole aff"air as it was managed 
by them, both since last Synod and formerly. 

Mr. Hook desiring to be joined to New Castle Presbytery, it was granted. 

Ordered, That Mr. John Pierson do supply Mr. Pumry's congregation that 
Sabbath in which Mr. Pumry is to be at Newark about Mr. Walton's business; 
and that on the same day Mr. Webb supply Mr. Pierson's people. 

The affiiir of Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, &c. his protest reassumed. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock, to-morrow, ante merid. 

At eight o'clock, A. 31. according to appointment, p>ost preces sederunt qui 
supra. 

The brethren who entered their protestation against the act for allowing any 
brother or member of this Synod, to bring in any overture to be formed into 
an act by the Synod, for the better carrying on in the matters of our govern- 
ment and discipline, &c. The said brethren protestants brought in a paper 
of four articles, testifying in writing their sentiments and judgment concerning 
10 



74 MINUTES OF THE [1722. 

church government, which was approved by the Synod, and ordered by the 
Synod to be recorded in the Synod book. Likewise the said brethren being 
willing to take back their protestation against said act, together with their rea- 
sons given in defense of said protest ; the Synod doth hereby order that the 
protest, together with the reasons of it. as also the answers at the appointment 
of the SvikhI given in to the reasons alleged by Mr. Daniel McGill and Mr. 
George JNlcNish, be all withdrawn ; and that the said act remain and be in 
all respects as if no such protest had been made. The articles are as fol- 
loweth. 

1. We freely grant, that there is full executive power of church govern- 
ment in Presbyteries and Synods, and that they may authoritatively, in the 
name of (^hrist, use the keys of church discipline to all proper intents and 
purposes, and that the keys of the church are committed to the church officers 
and them only. 

2. We also grant, that the mere circumstantials of church discipline, such 
as the time, place, and mode, of carrying on in the government of the Church, 
belong to ecclesiastical judicatories to determine as occasions occur, conform- 
able to the general rules in the word of Grod, that recjuire all things to be done 
decently and in order. And if these things are called acts, we will take no 
offence at the word, provided that these acts be not imposed upon such as 
conscientiously dissent from them. 

3. We also grant, that Synods may compose directories, and recommend 
them to all their members, respecting all the parts of discipline, provided that 
all subordinate judicatories may decline from such directories when they con- 
scientiously think they have just reason so to do. 

4. We freely allow that appeals may be made from all inferior to superior 
judicatories, and that superior judicatories have authority to consider and de- 
termine such appeals. 

Malachi Jones, 
Joseph Morgan, 
Jonathan Dickinson, 
David Evans. 

The Synod was so universally pleased with the abovesaid composure of their 
difference, that they unanimously joined together in a thanksgiving prayer, 
and joyful singing the one hundred and thirty-third psalm. 

The supplications of the people of New Castle, and the people of Tree 
Dyffryn, referred from the committee for bills and overtures to the Synod, 
referred to the commission of the Synod. 

A representation being made by some of our members of the earnest desires 
of some Protestant dissenting families in Virginia, together with a comfortable 
prospect of the increase of our interest there, the Synod have appointed that 
Mr. Hugh Conn, Mr. John Orme, and Mr. William Stewart, do each of them 
severally visit said people, and preach four Sabbaths to them, between this and 
the next Synod. 

Some members expressing their fears lest Mr. John Walton should not be- 
have himself orderly, the Synod do appoint that Mr. George McNish, Mr. 
James Anderson, and Mr. Samuel Pumry, or any two of them, do, in the 
Synod's name, judicially deal with him, upon information, as they shall see 
proper. 

The I'resbytery books of Philadelphia and Long Island were brought in, and 
approved by the Synod. 

The commission of the Synod appointed last 3'ear, continued with the same 
powers until the next Synod. 

The review of the minutes of this present Synod, and all the affairs of the 
fund, with whatever emergencies may occur, referred to the said commission. 



1723.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 75 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, and then to meet at 
Philadelphia, at two o'clock, afternoon. Concluded with prayer. 

1723. 

Pliiladeljyhia, September the 18^/i, 1723. 

The Synod met according to appointment, uhi j)ostpreces sederunt, (Mr. Jones 
being moderator, i^ro te?npore, and Mr. Cross clerk.) 

Ministers present : Messrs. Daniel McGill, Malachi Jones, Jedidiah Andrews, 
James Anderson, George Gillespie, Hugh Conn, David Evans, William Stew- 
art, Henry Hook, Robert Cross, Thomas Evans, Alexander Hutchinson, Jona- 
than Dickinson, John Pierson, Robert Laing. 

Elders : Messrs. John Budd, John Gardner, James Abraham, Robert Wil- 
son, David Evans, Esq'r., Peter Bushel. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Thomson, Orme, Moses Dickinson, Webb, Pumry, 
Gelston, Tennent, Morgan, Davis, Bradner, Philips, Lamb. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

19 dai/. At eight o'clock, according to ajppointment, post preces sederunt, qui 
supra. 

Mr. Bradner, Mr. Orme, and Mr. Webb, giving reasons of their absence by 
letter, their reasons were sustained. 

Messrs. James Anderson, Hugh Conn, George Gillespie, and Robert Cross, 
being put upon the Leet in order to the choice of a moderator, Mr. James An- 
derson was chosen, and Mr. Cross was chosen clerk. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

Mr. Thomson, the moderator of the last Synod, being absent by reason of 
sickness, Mr. Andrews opened the Synod by preaching a synodical sermon from 
Prov. xi. 30. 

Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Jonathan Dickinson, Daniel McGill, Hugh Conn, 
Robert Cross, with the moderator, are appointed for a committee for bills and 
overtures ; and it is recommended to all the rest of the members of the Synod 
to attend upon the said committee as they can and see cause. 

Mr. Malachi Jones, and Mr. David Evans, dissent from appointing any com- 
mittee for bills and overtures. 

Mr. Jonathan Dickinson appointed to preach to-morrow night, Mr. Stewart 
next Sabbath in the forenoon, Mr. Hutchinson in the afternoon, and Mr. Cross 
at night. 

Agreed that the committee for bills and overtures be also a committee for the 
fund. 

Mr. Jones and Mr. Pierson appointed to revise the Presbytery book of New 
Castle ; and Mr. Gillespie and Mr. Stewart that of Long Island. The Presby- 
tery book of Philadelphia was forgot to be brought hither. 

It being inquired what collections were made for the fund, it was found that 
Messrs. Jones and Anderson have done somewhat in that affair, as likewise the 
congregation at Newark, per Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, which they are ordered 
to deliver to the committee of the fund. And the rest of the ministers having 
given their reasons why they brought no collections, the same were sustained ; 
and it is recommended to all the members of the Synod to use their diligence to 
bring collections to the next Synod. 

Ordered, That the commission of the Synod do bring in an account of all 
their proceedings to-morrow morning. 

The Synod having inquired what was done in the affair relating to Mr. Wal- 
ton, found that Mr. Pumry did not go to Newark as appointed, by reason 
of sickness, as likewise that Mr. Walton, (without any authority,) read his ac- 
knowledgment and absolved himself. Upon which the Synod, having con- 
sidered the whole affair, put it to vote whether the suspension was taken off, 



76 MINUTES OF THE [1723. 

and it was carried in the negative. And the Synod does further appoint the 
Presbytery of Long Island, together with Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, Mr. Morgan, 
and Mr. Pierson, to be a committee to transact in the whole ail'air relating to 
Mr. Walton, and to remove or continue the suspension as they shall see cause. 
Adjourned to three o'clock, post meridiem. 

Hora tertia post meridiem, post preces sederunt, qui supra. 

The Synod approves of the conduct of the committee in absolving Mr. 
Hook. 

Messrs. Hugh Conn, John Orrae, and William Stewart, fulfilled their ap- 
pointments with respect to Virginia. 

The Presbytery of New Castle having referred a case to the Synod with re- 
spect to Mr. Kobert Laing, upon whom they passed the censures of rebuke, sus- 
pension, and deposition, for violating the Lord's day, by washing himself in a 
creek, and for his indiscreet carriage to the Presbytery at the time of his re- 
buke, the Synod, after mature deliberation upon that affair, with the concurring 
circumstances, particularly Mr. Laing's indisposition at that time, and expecta- 
tion of service from that action, do judge those censures of suspension and de- 
position were too severe, and do therefore repeal them; although we can't but 
judge Mr. Laing guilty of several very unbecoming imprudencies, worthy of re- 
buke, relating to that affair. Mr. Robert Cross and Mr. Thomas Evans, mem- 
bers of that Presbytery, did not agree to the sentence of deposition when 
it was passed. 

A letter from the people of Virginia being read, the consideration of it was 
deferred till to-morrow morning. 

The committee appointed to meet at eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, ante meridiem, to-morrow. 

20 day. Hora nona ante meridiem, sederunt qui sitpra. 

The affair of Virginia reassumed. The Synod having seriously considered 
said affair, do appoint Mr. Hugh Conn, Mr. John Orme, and Mr. William 
Stewart, each of them to preach four Lord's days before next Synod to that 
people, and it is recommended to Mr. Jonathan Dickinson to preach to said 
people before next Synod, some Sabbath days, and in case he goes thither, 
that then Mr. Pierson, Mr. Webb, and Mr. Moses Dickinson, do supply his 
congregation with preaching. 

And it is further Ordered, That Mr. Jones and Mr. Andrews write a letter 
to the people of Virginia. 

And it is further Ordered, That Mr. Hutchinson supply Mr. Stewart's con- 
gregation two Sabbaths during his absence in Virginia. 

And it is Ordered, That a letter of address be writ to the Governor of Vir- 
ginia, by Messrs. Dickinson and Cross, and that the said letter to the people of 
Virginia, and also this, be brought into the Synod for approbation. 

A letter from the ministers of Connecticut to this Synod, desiring a con- 
ference with some of the ministers of this Synod, in order to the healing of 
those divisions in the I'resbyterian congregation in New York, being read 
and maturely considered, it was ordered, that a letter be writ to the ministers 
of Connecticut in answer to theirs, to thank them for their concern about the 
interest of religion in New York, and their proposing a conference with some 
of us in order to heal the division in the Presbyterian congregation there, and 
to signify our hearty concurrence with their proposal. And withal to signify 
our apprehensions that the place proposed for a conference, is not so likely 
to answer the good intentions expressed in their letter as New York would be, 
and therefore to desire them to send some of their number to meet with some 



1723.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 77 

of ours there, on the twenty-third of October next. Messrs. Andrews, Dickin- 
son, Morgan, Philips, Cross, and McGill, appointed to meet the said minis- 
ters at New York, at the time before mentioned, and are empowered to act in 
■ the name and with the full power of the Synod, in the affair proposed. But 
if the said Connecticut ministers decline coming to New York at the time 
mentioned, the aforementioned members of the Synod are empowered to 
meet them at any other time and place for the said purpose, as they shall 
thmk reasonable. And if the good ends proposed, relating to New York, be 
at the conference happily accomplished, the Synod recommends it to those 
of their members afore appointed for said conference, to treat with said minis- 
ters of Connecticut about an union with us, and empower them to concert and 
conclude upon any methods that may conduce to that end. Mr. McGill and 
Mr. Conn appointed to write the abovesaid letter. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, post merid. Concluded with prayer. 

Horh tertia, post merid. sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod according to an overture of the committee, resolved themselves 
into an interloquitur, to consider a case of conscience proposed by George 
Williamson, with respect to his call to the ministry, and after having heard 
the same, desired a further consideration of it till to-morrow morninf. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

21s< day. Horci octava, ante merid. sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of said George Williamson reassumed. 

The ministers of the Synod having seriously and deliberately considered 
the above case, do, neyyiine contradicente, agree in judgment, that the said 
person has not any regular call that way ; for though we are satisfied as to his 
piety and godly life, yet we think he wants necessary qualifications required 
in the word of God for a gospel minister, and therefore advise him to continue 
in the vocation wherein he is called, and endeavour to be useful as a private 
Christian. 

The letter to the people of Virginia was read and approved. 

The Presbytery book of Long-Island revised and approved. 

The Presbytery book of New Castle revised and approved. 

The commission of the Synod having rendered an account of their acting in 
the name of the Synod, it was approved. 

Adjourned till four o'clock, post merid. 

Bora tertia, i^ost merid. sederunt qui supi'a. 

A letter to the Governor of Virginia was read and approved. 

Upon a supplication from the congregation of Tree-Dyffrin, for some thing 
from the fund, it was overtured by the committee, that five pounds be given to 
said people, which overture was approved by the Synod. 

From a like supplication from the people of Octararo and Hanover, it was 
overtured that three pounds be given to each of them ; this overture was agreed" 
to; as likewise to give three pounds to Mrs. Wilson, and one pound to Mr. 
Andrews for recording. 

Messieurs Jones, Andrews, Anderson, Dickinson, Cross, and Evans, to be 
the commission of the Synod with the same power as formerly. Ordered, 
that the minutes be revised by the commission of the Synod. Upon reading 
the list of ministers the Synod found, to their great grief, that Mr. McNish 
was dead. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, and then to meet at 
Philadelphia, at two o'clock, afternoon. Concluded with prayer. 



78 MINUTES OF THE [1724. 

1724. 

rhiladdphia, Sej^fenn ,.' IGth, 1724. 

The Synod met according to appointment, nhi jMut jrreces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Malachi Jones, Jedidiah Andrews, James Anderson, 
George (xillespie, Hugh Conn, David Evans, Henry Hook, Robert Cross, 
John Bradner, Thomas Evans, Alexander Hutchinson, John Pierson, John 
Orme, ]lobert Laing, Thomas Craighead, John Thomson, Moses Dickinson, 
Samuel Puiiiry. 

Elders : IMessrs. John Budd, John Gardner, James Parry, Abraham Golder, 
Peter Bushell, John Kale, Enoch Armitage. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Willi n Stewart, Joseph 
Webb, Joseph Morgan, Samuel Gelston, William Tennent. 

Mr. Anderson opened the Synod by preaching a sermon upon 2 Cor. v. 20. 

Mr. George Gillespie was chosen moderator, and Mr. Roi)ert Cross, clerk. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at eight o'claok- Concluded with 
prayer. 

Die VI mo. at eight o^ clock, ante merid. jwst preces hjderunt qui supra. 

INIr. Webb and Mr. Tennent gave by letters the reasons of their absence, 
which were sustained. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

Mr. Pumry and Mr. Thomson gave the reasons of their absence last year, 
which were sustained. 

Masters Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, Pierson, Cross, Jones, and Conn, 
were appointed to be a committee for the fund, and for any other business the 
Synod shall recommend to them. 

Mr. Moses Dickinson appointed to preach on Friday night. 

Messrs. Pumry and Bradner appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
New Castle. Masters Orme and Hook that of Long-Island. The Presbytery 
book of Philadelphia was wanting by reason of Mr. Jonathan Dickinson's 
absence. 

It being inquired what collections were made for the fund, it was found that 
Messrs. Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, and Evans, had brought collections, 
and they were ordered to deliver them to the committee for the fund. And 
the rest of the ministers having given their reasons why they brought no col- 
lections, the same were sustained. And it is recommended to all the members 
of the Synod, to use their utmost diligence to bring collections to the next 
Synod. 

The Synod having inquired what the committee did on the affair of Mr. 
Walton, did approve of their conduct and management, the account whereof 
is as foUoweth : "New York, October 25, 1723. At a meeting of the com- 
mittee of the Synod, relating to the affair of Mr. Walton. Present, Messrs. 
Joseph Morgan, James Anderson, Samuel Pumry, Robert Cross, and Jonathan 
Dickinson. 

" Mr. Morgan chosen iModerator, and j\Ir. Dickinson, clerk. 
''After deliberate consideration of Mr. AValtoii's case, and particular hear- 
ing several scandalous allegations against him, by letters and otherwise, and 
his answers unto them, the question was put, whether from what we had heard 
we had just grounds to take off the suspension laid on him by the Synod, and 
wc agreed in the negative nemine contradicintc. 

*' Ordered, That Mr. Morgan write to the people of East-Chester, where he 
has lately preached, informing them of this our conclusion. 

" Resolved, That the committee of the Synod convene to transact what 
shall appear further needful in the case of Mr. Walton, when Messrs. Ander- 



1724.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 79 

son, Pumry, and Cross, shall give notice to the other members of the com- 
mittee. 

" The moderator being desired by the committee, after reading the above 
' minutes to Mr. Walton, to give him an admonition, to use more care, watch- 
fulness, and circumspection for the future, Mr. Walton did not only exclaim 
against our conclusion, and declare he never would have any more concern with 
any of our judicatories, but also refused to hear any exhortation ; telling us 
(hat he did not want any exhortation from us, and that he always thought that 
it was all an intrigue, but was willing to try us once more, and in an angry 
manner rushed away from us." 

Mr. Orme fulfilled the appointment of the Synod with respect to his preach- 
ing in Virginia ; Mr. Conn did not, and gave his reasons, which were sus- 
tained ; Mr. Stewart did not, the reasons not known, he being absent. 

The Synod approves of the conduct of the committee appointed to meet 
with the ministers from Connecticut, to confer about the affairs of the Pres- 
byterian congregation in New York, though their endeavours proved unsuc- 
cessful. 

The Synod having received a letter from George Williamson, expressing 
some dissatisfaction with the judgment of the Synod in his case last year, they 
appointed Mr. Andrews and Mr. Thomson to write a letter to him in answer 
to his, and bring it into the Synod for approbation. 

A letter from the people of Virginia being read and considered, the Synod 
have referred that whole affair to the Presbytery of New Castle, and orders a 
letter to be writ to said people, by Messrs. Pierson and Pumry, and to bring 
it to the Synod for approbation. 

Messieurs Jones, Andrews, Anderson, Jonathan Dickinson, Cross, and 
Evans, continued to be the commissioners of the Synod, with the same power 
as formerly. 

Upon calling the roll it was found that Mr. McGill died since our last 
Synod. 

Mr. Bradner having desired that he might be joined to the Presbytery of 
Long-Island, and offered his reasons, they were sustained, and he was ordered 
to join with said Presbytery. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund, &c. meet at three o'clock, j)ost 
merid. 

Adjourned till five o'clock, post merid. 

Hora quintd, post merid. post preces sederunt qui svpra. 

Mr. Moses Dickinson gave the reasons of his absence last year, which 
were sustained. 

Messrs. Andrews and Thomson brought in the letter to be sent to George 
Williamson, which was approved. 

Ordered, That the letter to Virginia be brought in at our next sederunt. 

The case proposed by Mr. Webb, being considered by the committee for 
overtures, they made this overture upon it, viz : Overtured, that whereas the 
case is delivered in such general and doubtful terms that we cannot judge of 
it, the consideration thereof be left to the Presbytery of Philadelphia ; which 
overture was approved by the Synod. 

Mr. Tennent having written to the Synod for some supply out of the fund, 
his request was denied, and Mr. Moses Dickinson and Mr. John Budd ordered 
to write a letter to him giving the reasons thereof, and to bring it in to-morrow 
morning. 

The overture of the committee, with reference to a supplication from some 
of the inhabitants of Perth Amboy, desiring sermons sometimes, being referred 
to the Presbytery of Philadelphia, was approved by the Synod, and Mr. An- 



80 MINUTES OF THE [1725. 

dcrson was appointed to write a letter to thenij and bring it in to-morrow 
morning. 

The consideration of a letter from Kent county, as likewise of Mr. Peter 
Finch'.s testimonials, deferred till to-morrow morning. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet to-morrow morning, at eight 
of the clock. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Die 18mt). Hord dccimu, ante meridiem, sederunt qui siqjra. 

The letter to be sent to Virginia was brought in and approved 

A letter to be sent to Perth Amboy brought in and approved. 

A letter to Mr. Tennent brought in and approved. 

The affair of Mr. Finch and Kent county reassumed. 

The Synod having road and considered Mr. Peter Finch his testimonials, 
do approve them, and do recommend him for further advice and direction to 
the Presbytery of New Castle, and appoint Mr. Andrews to write a letter in 
answer to that from the people of Kent county. 

The overture of the committee to give five pounds to j\Irs. Wilson, as like- 
wise the overture to give three pounds to the people of Broad Creek, were 
approved. 

The consideration of the Synod's meeting by delegates deferred to the next 
sederunt. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery books be brought in. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, posi meridiem. 

Hord tertid, post vieridiem, sederunt qui sujira. 

The Presbytery books of New York and New Castle brought in and ap- 
proved. 

The affair relating to the Synod's meeting by delegates was taken into con- 
sideration, and after reasoning upon the matter, it was at last put to the vote 
thus : Appear by delegates or not ? And it was carried in the aifirmative ; and 
likewise concluded by vote, that the Presbytery of New Castle and Philadel- 
phia do yearly delegate the half of their members to the Synod, and the Pres- 
bytery of Long Island two of their number. And it is further ordered, that 
all the members of the Synod do attend every third year ; and that, if in the 
interim, any thing of moment do occur, whereby the presence of all the mem- 
bers may be thought necessary, they, (upon notice given by the commission 
of the Synod,) shall carefully attend notwithstanding the above delegation. 
And it is further agreed, that every member of the Synod may attend as 
formerly if they see cause. 

Appointed, That the next Synod meet at Philadelphia, upon the third Wed- 
nesday of September next, at two of the clock in the afternoon. 

Concluded with prayer. 

1725. 

Philadelphia, Septemher 15, 1725. 

The Synod met by their delegates according to appointment, 

Ubi poxt preees sederunt 

Ministers delegated : Messrs. George Gillespie, David Evans, Henry Ilook, 
Joseph Houston, Adam Boyd, ]Malachi Jones, Jedidiah Andrews, Jonathan 
Dickinson, Moses Dickinson, Samuel Gelston, William Stewart. 

Ministers occasionally present : Messrs. James Anderson, John Thomson, 
John l*ierson, llobert Laing, Noyes I'arris. 

Elders : Messrs. John Gardner, James Abraham, Thomas Iliott, Joseph 
Bradon, .Tohn Hall, John Snowden, Enoch Arniitage. 

Mr. Gillespie, the moderator of the last Synod, opened the Synod by preach- 
ing a sermon from Col. iv. 17. 



1725.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 81 

Masters Thomas Craighead, and William Tennent, delegated ministers, 
were absent. 

Mr. Craighead sent the reasons of his absence by letter, which were sus- 
tained. 

Mr. David Evans was chosen moderator, and Mr. Andrews clerk. 

The last year's minutes appointed to be read. 

Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, and Mr. Samuel Gelston, gave the reasons of their 
absence last year, which were sustained. 

Masters Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, Pierson, Jones, and Jonathan 
Dickinson, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and any other business 
the Synod shall recommend to them. 

Mr. Hook appointed to preach on Friday night. 

Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson and Pierson appointed to revise the Presby- 
tery book of New Castle. Messrs. Hook and Boyd that of Long Island. 
Messrs. Grillespie and Houston that of Philadelphia. The revisers ordered 
to bring in the Presbytery books to-morrow afternoon. 

Ordered, That those which have brought collections for the fund do deliver 
them to the committee for the fund. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

16 day^ at eirjht o'clock, post meridiem, sedemnt qui s^ipra. 

The minute that the revisers bring in the Presbytery books in the afternoon 
continued. 

Messrs. Jones, Andrews, Anderson, Jonathan Dickinson, Cross, and 
Evans, continued to be the commission of the Synod with the same power 
as formerly. 

Mr. Samuel Davis died since last Synod. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at three o'clock, post 
meridiem. 

The Synod having received a letter from Mr. John Walton, desiring us to 
appoint the Presbytery of Long Island to be a committee to judge in his case, 
it was ordered, that an extract of the minutes of the Synod, relating to his 
affair, be sent to him. And it was further ordered, at the desire of the Pres- 
bytery of Long Island, that this affair be left as before, viz. to the Presbytery 
of Long Island, together with Messrs. Morgan, Dickinson, and Pierson, and 
that the said members have a copy of the said extract of minutes, to dispose 
of as they shall see cause. 

Mr. Stewart being questioned touching his not going to Virginia according 
to appointment, the year before last, he alleged for excuse bodily indisposi- 
tion, which excuse was accepted by the Synod ; and, as to his absence last 
year from the Synod, he brought his wife's indisposition for a reason, which 
was sustained. 

Adjourned till five o'clock, ^os< meridiem. 

At five o'clock, post meridiem, sederunt, dr. 

There being, according to the report of the committee for the fund, by col- 
lections and interest money brought in, the sum of ten pounds and three pence 
half-penny, there was given by the Synod to Mrs. Wilson five pounds ; to 
Octorara two pounds ; to Goshen two pounds.; to Mr. Anderson, on account 
of Mr. Finch, one pound ; to the door-keeper the remainder, viz. seven shil- 
lings and three pence half-penny. 

The Presbytery books were brought in and approved. 

Appointed, That the next Synod meet at Philadelphia, upon the third Wed- 
nesday of September next, at two o'clock, afternoon. 

Concluded with prayer. 

11 



82 MINUTES OF TILE [1726. 

1796. 

PhiladelpMa, September 21, 1726. 

The Synod mot by their delegates according to appointment. 

Lbi pout preccs sederunt 

Ministers delegated : Messrs. Malachi Jones, Thomas Craighead, Jedidiah 
Andrews, Eobert Cross, John Thomson, David Evans, Joseph Webb, Alex- 
ander Hutchinson, Noyes Parris, Thomas Evans. 

Elders delegated : Charles Hofty, William Blair, John Snowden, Alexan- 
der MuUestou, James Abraham, Samuel Farriu, John Bravur, David Evans, 
Esquire. 

Masters Joseph Morgan, William Tennent, Hugh Conn, and Robert 
Stewart, delegated ministers, were absent; and Mr. William Tennent was ab- 
sent also last year. 

Masters James Anderson, Joseph Houston, and Samuel Gelston, were 
members occasionally present. 

Mr. Thomas Craighead was chosen moderator, and Mr. Webb clerk. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, eight o'clock 

22 dnij, at eiylit o'clock, A. M. Post preccs scdcnmt qui supra. 

Mr. David Evans, the moderator of the last Synod, opened the Synod by 
preaching a sermon from Acts v. 42. 

Ordered, That the last year's minutes be read. 

Messrs. Jones, Andrews, Craighead, Anderson, Thomson, and Cross, ap- 
pointed to be a committee for the fund, and any other business the Synod 
shall recommend to them. 

Mr. Houston appointed to preach on Friday night. 

Mr. Thomas Evans and Mr. Alexander Hutchinson appointed to revise the 
Presbytery book of Long Island; Mr. Noyes Parris and Mr. Joseph Webb 
appointed to revise the Presbytery book of New Castle. The Presbytery 
book of Philadelphia was not brought to the Synod. 

Inquiry being made who had made any collections for the fund, it was 
found that these following had done it, Mr. Malachi Jones, Mr. llobert Cross, 
Mr. John Thomson, and Mr. David Evans. 

Ordered, That the ministers here present should represent to the several 
Presbyteries, that there be yearly something done for the fund as was formerly 
appointed. 

It appearing that the commission of the Synod had done something relating 
to the fund. Ordered, That they bring in an account of it to the Synod to- 
morrow morning. 

The committee for the fund appointed to meet at three o'clock post mcrid. 
together with the commissioners of the Synod. 

A reference from the Presbytery of Long-Island was brought in, and the 
papers relating to it were read, and the consideration of that affair deferred till 
next sederunt. 

Adjourned till five o'clock, j^ost merid. 

At jive o'clock, P. M. p)ost preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery books that are here, bo- brought in by the 
members appointed to revise them, to-morrow morning. 

The commissioners of the Synod brought in an account to the Synod of 
what tlicy had done respecting the change of a mortgage from Joseph Harri- 
son, wliich was approved. 

Ordered, That the affair referred to the Synod by the Presbytery of Long.- 
Island, be referred to the committee for an overture upon it, to be brought in 
next sederunt. 



1726.] SYNOD OP PHILADELPHIA. 83 

A repre^ntation being made from the Presbytery of New Castle, of the 
conduct of Mr. Gilbert Teunent, respecting his leaving of New Castle, desiring 
the judgment of the Synod in that affair ; it was concluded that the said Mr. 
I'ennent's steps were too hasty and unadvised in several particulars ; and ac- 
cordingly ordered the moderator to reprove him, and withal exhort him unto 
more caution and deliberation in his future proceedings. 

Mr. William Tennent, by his son, offered the reasons of his absence, which, 
were sustained. 

The committee appointed to meet to-morrow morning at eight o'clock. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

23cZ day at ten d clock, A. M. postjyreces sederunt quisupra. 

The Presbytery books that were here were brought in and approved. 

The committee met according to appointment, and brought in overtures upon 
the affair of New York congregation, (which was referred to the Synod by the 
Presbytery of Long-Island,) which overture, (after reading and mature delibe- 
ration had upon them,) were unanimously approved, and ordered to be trans- 
cribed and inserted in our minutes. The overtures are as followeth : 

Overtured, That Dr. Nicholls' conduct, (as represented to us by the elders 
and representatives of the Presbyterian congregation of New York,) appears 
unjustiiiable and unbecoming the gospel; and we cannot but judge it to be so 
in the following respects, (until we are otherwise informed,) viz : 

1. In his disposing of the money sent from Great Britain for the payment 
of the Church's debt, without consulting the representatives, who are equally 
concerned with him in the affair. 

2. In refusing to cancel or deliver up the bonds paid with the public 
money. 

3. In exacting interest in such a rigorous manner, for money laid out for 
promoting the interest of Christ, as he at first professed. 

4. In disregarding the Presbytery, and not attending the Synod in the affair 
of the representation, when he was apprized that the affair was referred to the 
Synod. 

5. In applying to Boston for a minister without the concurrence of Presby- 
tery or Synod, or the elders and representatives of the congregation. 

Overtured further. That a letter be wrote to Dr. Nicholl, expressing the 
mind of the Synod fully with respect to his conduct. And a letter to the 
ministers of Boston not to countenance the Doctor in this matter, until he give 
satisfaction. And a letter to the elders and representatives of New York con- 
gregation. 

Further overtured, That the Synod, (as things now appear,) doth judge it to 
be the -duty of Dr. Nicholl, to give such satisfaction to the said representatives 
in the affair of the public money and bonds, as will appear satisfactory in the 
judgment of the Synod or the commissioners of the Synod. Until which time 
the Synod cannot concur with him in any of his endeavours for obtaining a 
minister. 

Overtured, That the Synod are willing to contribute their best endeavours 
for the good of the congregation of New York, and (in case of Mr. Anderson's 
removal,) take care to provide supplies for them while vacant, and provide a 
pastor for them as soon as Providence may open a door. And for this purpose 
do recommend them to the care of the Presbytery of Long-Island, to which 
they belong, together with such correspondents from the Presbytery of Phila- 
delphia as may be thought needful. 

Overtured, That Mr. Anderson, (according to his desire,) be left at his 
liberty to remove from New York, and to accept of a call from any other peo- 
ple, as Providence may determine ; and the congregation of New York be at 



84 MINUTES OF THE [1726. 

liberty to call anotbor minister, (in an orderly way,) as soon as tbcy sball pay 
up wbat arrears appear justly due to Mr. Anderson. 

Overtured, That a letter be wrote to Mr. Smith in answer to his to the Synod, 
letting him know, that the Synod will not remit that money for which Mr. 
McNish's estate stands obliged, and that he take care about it; and likewise a 
letter be wrote to 3Ir. William Tennent, of the same purport. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Jones and Andrews write the letter to the ministers 
of Boston ; Messrs. Thomson and David Evans to Dr. NichoU ; Messrs. Thomas 
Evans and Webb to the congregation of New York; and Messrs. Gelston and 
Parris, those to Mr. Tennent and Mr. Joseph Smith, and that they be brought 
into the Synod to-raorrow morning. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

At 3 o'clock, P. 31. Post 2yreces sedenmt qui svpra. 

An appeal from some members of Mr. Houston's congregation being presented 
to the Synod, and all papers relating to that affair being read, as also all that 
the parties had to say patiently heard, the consideration thereof was deferred 
till to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

24</i day at c'ujlit o'clock, A. M. jjost j)reccs sedenint qui supra. 

The letters mentioned in a former minute were all brought in and ap- 
proved. 

The affair of the abovesaid appeal being reassumed, and much time spent in 
debating and considering of it, it was put to vote, whether approve or disap- 
prove of the Presbytery's conduct with respect to the matter of said appeal, 
and it was carried in the affirmative nemine contradiccnte. Upon the whole, 
the Synod after mature deliberation, do judge that the appellants have acted 
irregular in separating from the congi-egation whereof they are members, and 
going about to build a separate meeting-house, which seems to have a visible 
tendency to the hurt and detriment of the interest of Christ and religion ia 
that place. And do further judge the treatment they have given to the Pres- 
bytery of New Castle, as appears by their own papers, to be unjustifiable and 
justly censurable, and do exhort said persons to return to the congregation to 
which they belong, and endeavour to maintain the unity of the spirit in the 
bond of peace. 

A call from the people of Dunogall to the llev. Mr. James Anderson, being 
presented to the Synod, the Synod recommended said call to Mr. Anderson for 
his consideration about it. 

Adjourned till two o'clock, post merid. 

At ticoo'cloch, P. M. post preces sederitnf qui supra. 
There being from time to time complaints of the weakness and deficiency 
of Mr. llobert Laing, rendering his exercise of the ministerial function a de- 
triment to the interest of religion, and rather a scandal than an help to the 
gospel ; the Synod advise him to demit the whole exercise of the ministry, 
and not to take it up again but by the approbation of at least three ministers of 
the Presbytery wherein he may reside ; the said Mr. Laing did quietly and 
humbly acquiesce in the aforesaid advice. And there being a motion made, 
that in case Mr. ]jaing should remove unto some place in the skirts of the 
Synod, so that the commissioners may not be apprized of his circumstances 
in order to his relief, should there be need of it, that any member or members 
of the Synod administering to his necessities in a prudent way, (wherein they 
shall be accountable to the Synod,) may be reiml»ursed by the Synod. The 
said motion was approved of by the Synod, the said 31r. Laing bringing with 



1727.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 85 

him such credentials as may testify of his good moral behaviour. And the 
Synod did, for the present, in testimony of their compassion, give him out of 
the fund the sum of forty shillings. 

Mr. Webb giving account of some difficulties in his congregation, which he 
hoped might be healed by a committee appointed by the Synod, it was (in 
compliance with his desire,) ordered, that Messrs. Morgan, Anderson, Cross, 
Pierson, Gelston, Jonathan Dickinson, and Andrews, should be the said com- 
mittee, and meet at Newark on the fourth Wednesday of October next, to act 
with the full power of the Synod in all matters that may be laid before them 
with respect to that congregation, and bring an account of what they do to the 
next Synod. 

Messrs. Jones, Andrews, Evans, Anderson, Cross, and Jonathan Dickinson, 
continued to be the commissioners of the Synod, with the same power as for- 
merly. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, then to meet at 
Philadelphia at two o'clock, afternoon. Concluded with prayer. 

1727. 

SeptemUr 20th, 1727. 

The full Synod met at Philadelphia according to appointment, when j^ost 
preces sederunt, 

Ministers : Messrs. Malachi Jones, Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, 
John Thomson, James Anderson, Joseph Morgan, George Gillespie, Hugh 
Conn, William Stewart, John Pierson, David Evans, William Tennent, 
Samuel Gelston, Joseph Houston, John Bradner, Thomas Evans, Henry 
Hook, Nathaniel Hubbill, Alexander Hutchinson, Gilbert Tennent, Joseph 
Webb, Archibald McCook, Adam Boyd. 

Elders present : Messrs. Joseph Charlesworth, John Snowden, John Mont- 
gomery, Archibald Smith, James Mitchell, John Hutten, Joseph Steel, James 
Abraham, James Smith, Joseph Thomas, Jacob King, Samuel Allen, David 
Lawson, Arthur Park. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Samuel Pumry, Robert 
Cross, Noyes Parris. 

Mr. John Pierson was chosen moderator, and Mr. Thomas Evans clerk. 

Mr. Craighead opened the Synod by preaching a sermon from 1 Tim. iv. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

21 day, at eight dcloch, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Cross, and Orme, gave by letters the reasons 
of their absence, which were sustained. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

Masters William Tennent, Conn, and Stewart, gave the reasons of their 
absence last Synod, which were sustained. 

Masters Jones, Andrews, Craighead, Anderson, Thomson, and the mode- 
rator, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and any other business that 
the Synod shall recommend to them. 

Masters Bradner and William Tennent appointed to revise the Presbytery 
book of New Castle. The Presbytery books of Long Island and Philadelphia 
were not brought to the Synod, and the reasons thereof were sustained. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the Synod, it was found 
that Mr. Andrews had brought somewhat. 

The committee for the fund appointed to meet at three o'clock, post meri- 
diem, together with the commission of the Synod. 

A petition and other papers being brought into the Synod by Dr. Nicolls, 



86 MINUTES OF THE [1727. 

they were read, and referred to the consideration of the committee to bring in 
overtures upon them. 

The transactions of the committee last year appointed to meet at Newark, 
were brought in, read, and approved. 

Masters Jones, Andrews, David Evans, Cross, Jonathan Dickinson, and 
Pierson, appointed to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

A letter was presented to the Synod from the ministers of Boston, in New 
England, as also another from the Presbyterian congregation at New York, 
referring to the ordination of Mr. Pembcrton, and his settlement at New York, 
and proposing his admission as a member of the Synod ; both which being 
read, the consideration of that whole afiuir was referred to the committee to 
bring in an overture upon it. 

Adjoui'ned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

22 day, at eight o'clock, ante 7neri(Iicm, post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Ovcrtured, upon the affair of the congregation at New York, That, although 
the Synod, according to the representat on then made to them, saw cause last 
year to find fault with several parts of Dr. Nicoll's management with respect 
to the public money belonging to the congregation there, yet inasmuch as the 
body of that congregation have signified by their letter to this Synod, tliat they 
are fully satisfied with the Doctor's accounts and conduct in that affair, the 
Synod think they have no more to do in that matter, saving still the right and 
privilege of the representatives or others, hereafter to remonstrate their dis- 
satisfactions, if they have any, in a regular way before Presbytery or Synod; 
which overture was approved of. 

And as to the call and settlement of the Rev. Mr. Pembcrton at New York, 
the Synod does declare that the rules of our Presbyterian constitution were 
not observed in several respects by that congregation in that matter. This 
also passed by the Synod, nemine contradicentc 

And it was put to the vote, Keceive or delay the receiving of Mr. I^ember- 
ton as a member of this Synod ; and it was carried for delaying, which delay 
did not flow from any disrespect to Mr. I'emberton, or any fault objected 
against him, but from other reasons. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, post meridiem. 

Three o'clocJc, P. M. Post jircces, sederunt qui supra. 

The further consideration of the affair of New York defended till to-morrow 
morning. 

Two letters were brought in, one from the party dissenting from Mr. Hous- 
ton's congregation, and another from the said congregation, which were re- 
ferred to the committee to bring in overtures upon them. 

A supplication from a party of JMr. Boyd's congregation, referred also to 
the committee for the same purpose. 

The committee appointed to meet at eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow, ante meridiem. 

23 daj/. Ten o'clocJc, ante meridiem. Post preccs, sederunt qui sup)-a. 

The affair of New York continued. 

The affair relating to 31r. Houston's congregation and the disaffected neigh- 
bours, reassumed. 

Ovcrtured, upon the affair of Elk River, That inasmuch as although both 
the Presbytery of New Castle and our Synod have condemned the proceed- 
ings of that party, who have supplicated for a new erection, yet they appear- 
ing constantly and firmly resolved not to be reconciled to that congregation as 
a part of it, in order to attend God's worship in their old meeting-house, by 



1727.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 87 

reason of feuds and differences arising between them and some of the mem- 
bers of that congregation j and inasmuch as the erecting of that party as a dis- 
tinct separate congregation as yet, appears to have an evident tendency to 
weaken and disable, if not utterly destroy that congregation, by reason of the 
paucity and poverty of the inhabitants of our persuasion there, partly by 
reason of the ill situation of the new-meeting-house, which, upon supposition 
of a new erection, will infer a necessity of joining a considerable part of Mr. 
Houston's congregation with that new erection, the Synod being desirous of 
taking healing as well as just measures to determine in that affair, do judge as 
followeth, viz. 

First, That that party be allowed to have a new meeting-house in some 
part of their side of the congregation, yet still to remain a part of that con- 
gregation until the Presbytery or Synod have more encouragement for a new 
erection. 

Secondly, That in order to this, the new meeting-house be removed to any 
place above six miles distance in a direct line from the old meeting-house, 
which the said supplicants shall agree upon, and that it be seven miles from 
any other. 

Thirdly, That upon the compliance of said party with said terms, Mr. 
Houston's congregation shall contribute to the removal of the said new meet- 
ing-house in proportions to their subscriptions. 

Or, that those supplicants shall be erected into a separate congregation as 
soon as they, at their own exj^ense, do remove their new meeting-house as 
aforesaid, and that none that are now orderly members of Mr. Houston's con- 
gregation, shall be received as members of said erection without the consent 
of the congregation, or order of the Presbytery. 

This overture was read before the Synod, and all parties being patiently 
heard in what they had to offer upon it, and after considerable reasoning upon 
the whole affair, parties being removed, it was put to the vote, whether this 
overture should be approved or not, and it was carried in the affirmative unani- 
mously, save only one dissentient. 

Ordered, That no minister preach in the said new meeting-house while in 
that place where it now is. 

The committee appointed to meet at eight o'clock, Monday morning. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, Monday morning. 

25 day, Monday, ten d'cloclc, A. M. post preces, sederunt qui stipra. 

The affair of New York was reassumed. 

Masters Andrews, Morgan, Jonathan Dickinson, Pierson, and "Webb, ap- 
pointed to be a committee to meet at New York to accommodate matters of 
difference between that congregation and the Presbytery of Long Island, and 
also any other differences that may be among themselves about their church 
settlement, and particularly to receive Mr. Pemberton as a member of the 
Synod, or not, as they shall see cause. As to the time of the meeting of the 
said committee, it is determined that it shall be at such time as the congrega- 
tion of New York shall agree upon, they giving reasonable notice to the mem- 
bers of the committee, and the Presbytery of Long Island, that they may meet 
there together. 

Ordered, That a letter be writ to the congregation at New York by Mr. 
Andrews and the moderator, and another to the Presbytery of Long Island by 
Ma.sters Anderson and Thomson. 

And it was further Ordered, That the said committee shall write to Scot- 
land, giving an account of the affairs of New York congregation, at their own 
discretion. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 



88 MINUTES OF THE [1728. 

Three o^cloch, P. M. Post preces, sederunt qui supra. 

A paper of protest was brought into the Synod, after all business was done, 
by Messrs. Jones, David Evans, AVebb, and Ilubbell, which was ordered to 
be kept in reicntis. 

Adjourned till the third "Wednesday of September next, and then to meet 
at Philadelphia. 

1728. 

Sqytcmhcr 18, 1728. 

The delegated Synod met at Philadelphia, according to appointment. 

Ubi post preces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, John Thom- 
son, James Anderson, Joseph Morgan, Ueorge Gillespie, John Pierson, Wil- 
liam Tennent, Samuel Gelston, Joseph Houston, Gilbert Tennent, Archibald 
McCook, Adam Boyd, Jonathan Dickinson, Samuel Pumry, Robert Cross, 
Noyes Parris. 

Elders: Messrs. John Budd, John Cochran, Archibald Smith, Richard 
Allison, John Hutton, John Cross, Robert Linton, Moses Rolph, Roger Train, 
Arthur Park, Nathaniel Hazzard, William More. 

Mr. Andrews was chosen moderator, and Mr. Boyd was chosen clerk. 

Mr. Pierson opened the Synod with a sermon upon 2 Tim. iii. 5. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

Masters Craighead, William Tennent, Anderson, Thomson, Cross, Dickinson, 
and the moderator, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and any other 
business that the Synod shall recommend to them. 

Masters Houston and Boyd ordered to revise the Presbytery book of Phila- 
delphia. 

Masters William Tennent and Pierson appointed to revise the Presbytery 
book of New Castle. 

The Presbytery book of Long Island was not brought, and the reason of it 
was sustained. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fund, it was found 
that Mr. Anderson had brought somewhat. And it was recommended, that 
the appointment in reference to the raising collections for the fund be carefully 
observed for the future. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at eight o'clock, to-morrow, 
ante merid. together with the commissioners of the Synod. 

Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Craighead, and Gillespie, 
appointed to be the commissioners of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

Ordered, That the committee appointed last year to go to New York, bring 
in their minutes relating to that affair to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, to-morrow, ante meridiem. 

Idih day, ten o^docJc, A. JI. jwst preces, sederunt qui supra. 

Agreed that the interest of Mr. William Tennent's bond be remitted till 
this time. Agreed to take Mr. Tennent's own bond for that money due to the 
Synod for which Mr. McNish's estate was engaged. 

Ordered that the committee meet at four o'clock. 

Adjourned till five o'clock, post merid. 

At Jive o'clock, P. M. ptost preces sedenint qui supra. 

The committee appointed last Synod to meet at New York, in order to 
inspect into the affairs of that congregation, as also to consult about Mr. Pem- 
berton's admission as a member of the Synod, having produced theij minutes, 



1728.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 89 

and the said minutes being read and considered,* the following questions were 
proposed to the vote of the Synod. 

1. Whether the committee had authority from the Synod to consider the 
admission of Mr. Pemberton as a member of the Synod, without previously 

* The minutes of the committee that met at New York, November 15, 1727. 

Neiu York, November 15, 1727. 

According to the appointment of the Synod of Philadelphia, the committee for the affair 
of the Presbyterian congregation at New York, convened at New York the time above 
mentioned, ubi post preces sederunt, Messrs. Morgan, Pierson, Webb, and Jonathan Dick- 
inson. Mr. Pierson chosen moderator, and Mr. Dickinson clerk. 

Mr. AVebb having at the Synod last sitting at Philadelphia, signed a protestation and 
withal declared his purpose to join no more with the Synod, he does now before this 
committee retract that his declaration of withdrawal from the Synod, and declare hia 
future purpose of continuing a member of and joining with the Synod. 

Adjourned till five o'clock, post merid. 

At five o'clock, post merid. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

After hearing several debates between Dr. Nicoll and some others fhat offered com- 
plaints against Dr. Nicoll, the committee saw it necessary to put off the further consid- 
eration thereof till to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at nine o'clock. 

IQth day at nine o'' clock, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair between Dr. Nicoll and some others of this congregation being reassumed, 
the Committee found it necessary to defer it till the next sederunt. 
Adjourned till three o'clock, post merid. 

At three o'clock, P. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The committee having used their endeavours to procure a reconciliation between Dr. 
Nicoll and Masters Liddell, Blake, and Ingliss, and to have the differences between them 
relating to the Presbyterian church at New York amicably healed, have the satisfaction 
and comfort of their coming now into an happy agreement on these following terms. 

1. That Masters Liddel, Blake, and Ingliss, shall, as soon as with conveniency it can 
be done, make over and convey all their right, title, and interest in the Presbyterian 
church or meeting-house in New York, to the Rev. Masters William Mitchell, William 

Wisheart, William Hamilton, Miller, and Hart, ministers in Edinburgh, in 

North Britain, and to Dr. John Nicoll abovesaid, in trust for the use of the Presbyterian 
Congregation in New York, and to and for no other use whatsoever. And that by the 
same instrument of conveyance, they authorize and impower the Presbytery of Edin- 
burgh, for the time being, from time to time, and at any time hereafter, to appoint and 
put in trust, under their hands and seals, whomsoever they shall think proper, in the 
room and place and with the full power and authority of any of the said gentlemen 
above mentioned, upon his or their death, and of all of them successively upon their 
decease. 

2. That Dr. Nicoll do cancel and make void what bonds of the said Liddel, Blake, and 
Ingliss, he has in his hands, either given to him by them, or assigned to him by any 
others that were given on account of the said Presbyterian church or meeting-house in 
New York, and that he free and indemnify them from all former obligations to him on ac- 
count of said church, and particularly from a bond conjunctly given by him and them 
unto Mr. Samuel Bayard. 

3. That the said Dr. Nicoll do give a bond of two thousand pounds to the above mentioned 
ministers of Edinburgh, that neither he nor his heirs shall alienate his or their right, 
title, or interest, in the above mentioned church, or meeting-house, or the ground there- 
unto belonging, from the use of a Presbyterian congregation in New York, for ever. And 
also that, as soon as the said Dr. Nicoll shall be paid and reimbursed what is due to him 
on account of the said church, or meeting-house, and ground, that he will also make 
over his right and interest in the said house and ground, to the above mentioned minis- 
ters of Edinburgh, in the same form, and to the same intents and purposes as the said 
Liddel, Blake, and Ingliss, shall do. And also, that Dr. Nicoll shall oblige himself by a 
bond of five hundred pounds, to be given to Masters John Pierson, Robert Cross, and 
Jonathan Dickinson, that, notwithstanding his mortgage upon the said church, or meeting- 

12 



90 MINUTES OF THE [1728. 

considering what the Presbytery of Long-Island had to offer in that affair. Car- 
ried in the negative by a great majority. 

.2. Whether the Synod approve of the conduct of the committee with relation 
to the divisions of the said congregation. Carried in the affirmative nemine 
contradifxnte. 

3. "Whether Mr. Pemberton be allowed as a member of this Synod, by virtue 
of what the committee has done. Carried in the negative. 

4. "Whether notwithstanding of all the irregularity that was in the accession 
of Mr. Pemberton to New York, the Synod do now accept him as a member. 
Carried in the affirmative ni-mine confradiccnie. 

And it is left to Mr. Pemberton and the congregation, to join what Presby- 
tery they shall think fit. 

Diverse papers of complaint against Mr. Morgan were read, the consideration 
of them deferred till to-morrow. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow, A. M. 

20th daij at cii/Jit o'clock, ante merid. pos^t preces sederunt qui supra. 
The affair of Mr. Morgan reassumed, and the further consideration of it 
deferred till afternoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

At three dcloch, P. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

As to the accusations against Mr. Morgan, the Synod judges in the several 
articles as followeth. 

As to the first article the Synod judges that Mr. Morgan's declaration of his 
judgment in that affair is satisfactory. 

house, he ^111 concur with such men as the said ministers of Edinburgh shall ap- 
point, in the sale of such pews in the said church as shall be ordered to be sold by the 
major part of the said Presbyterian congregation in New York. 

4. It is also agreed by Dr. Nicoll, that no reparation or addition shall be made to the 
eaid church without the consent and direction of the major part of the congregation, and 
upon their charge. 

5. It is agreed, that the congregation shall, if they please, by a majority of votes, 
choose five men as public managers or representatives. And the said Dr. Nicoll does 
also agree that whosoever of the congregation desires it, shall have copies at their own 
charge, of whatever papers are now in his hands that refer to the building of the Pres- 
byterian church in New York. 

As an evidence that the abovesaid Masters Liddel, Blake, and Ingliss, do consent and 
agree to all the abovesaid articles, they hereunto set their hands in the presence of the 
committee. 

John Nicoll, 
Thomas Ingliss, 
John Blakk, 
Joseph Liddell. 
Adjourned till to-morrow morning, at nine o'clock. 

17 day, at nine o'clock, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Being proposed to the committee, and agreed upon by Dr. Nicoll and several members 
of the congregation, that there be two men chosen by tlie congregation to account with 
said Dr. Nicoll. from time to time, for whatever money he shall receive towards the pay- 
ment of the debt due to him from the church, the committee approve of the overture and 
recommend it to the congregation. 

Mr. Pemberton appearing before this committee and desiring admission, as a member 
of the Synod of PhihidelpLia, promised upon such admission all subjection to the said 
Synod in the Lord, the committee can see no reason why such admission sliould be re- 
fused or delayed, and do therefore admit him as a member of the said Synod. 

The cnmmittee having received a letter from the commission of the General Assembly 
of the Ciiurch of Scotland, wrote an answer thereunto, representing thereby the present 
Btate of the congregation of New York, and then concluded. 



1728.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 91 

As to the second article the Synod judges that it laid no foundation for a 
public accusation. 

As to the third article, the Synod agree that Mr. Morgan's answer in refer- 
ence thereto is sufficient, and that the accusers had no just ground of separa- 
tion on that score. 

As to the fourth article, 1. The Synod do bear their strongest testimony 
against the practice of judicial astrology. 2. That the Synod think they have 
sufficient evidence that Mr. Morgan is far from approving that art, and has 
given all his accusers sufficient grounds of satisfaction in that matter, both pub- 
licly and privately. 3. The Synod judge Mr. Morgan's accusers to be very 
culpable in bringing in this article against him, when they have sat peaceably 
under his ministry, and partook with him in sealing ordinances many years 
after the things were done that they complain of 4. And after all, the Synod 
cannot clear Mr. Morgan from imprudence and misconduct in making the two 
alleged experiments of that kind, if the reports be true, were his ends never 
so good and laudable. 

As to the fifth article, although the Synod do not approve promiscuous 
dancing, yet they judge it a clear indication of the captious and querulous 
spirit of Mr. Morgan's accusers, that they offijr such a complaint against him. 

As to the sixth article, the Synod have satisfying evidence that the accusa- 
tion is false in fact. 

As to the seventh article, it also appears to the Synod, (notwithstanding any 
evidence brought to confirm it,) to be a groundless prosecution against one, 
who has ever been esteemed a temperate man. However, if there be any 
other evidence against Mr. Morgan in this article, as is alleged by some of his 
accusers, they may offer such evidence to the Presbytery of Philadelphia, to 
which Mr. Morgan belongs. 

There being an overture presented to the Synod in writing, having reference 
to the subscribing of the Confession of Faith, &c. the Synod judging this 
to be a very important affair, unanimously concluded to defer the considera- 
tion of it till the next Synod ; withal recommending it to the members of each 
Presbytery present to give timeous notice thereof to the absent members, and 
it is agreed that the next be a full Synod. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

21st day at nine dcloclc, A. M. ])ost 2'>'>'eces sederunt qui supra. 

The Presbytery of Philadelphia having referred the consideration of an 
appeal, from sundry persons excommunicated by Mr. Jones, to the Synod, 
the Synod have deferred the same till Monday morning at ten o'clock, in order 
that Mr. Jones may have notice thereof; also ordered, that the appellant give 
Mr. Jones an account of this minute this day. 

The Synod having considered the affair of the people that appealed to them 
from the Presbytery of New Castle, came to this conclusion, that the minutes 
of the last year's Synod with respect to them be complied with ; and further 
agree that they shall build no other meeting-house in another place besides 
that chosen by them, without the approbation of the Presbytery or Synod 
first obtained. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock on Monday morning. 

2o(Z day, at eight ddoch, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 
Letters came to the Synod from Mrs. Catharine Wood, who stands excom- 
municated by the Baptist Church in Philadelphia, complaining against the 
censure of that Church, and desiring the Synod to relieve her ; which being 
considered by an interloquitur of the Synod, it was agreed that a letter should 
be writ to that church, desiring a conference between three or four of them and 



92 MINUTES OF THE [1729. 

as many of us relating to that affair ', which letter being wrote and delivered, 
and no answer from them yet come, the Synod agreed to leave the considera- 
tion of any answer that might be brought, and what else may occur about that 
matter, to the management of the commission of the Synod, the time of the 
Synod's sitting being near expired. 

The Synod having received several letters from sundry persons at New York, 
full of complaints against diverse persons, without timeously advertising said 
persons thereof, for ought that we know, that they might take measures to 
justify themselves, the Synod would take no cognizance of these complaints 
by reason of the ab.sence of the parties complained of, but remit them to the 
Presbytery, which the congregation shall be annexed unto by their own choice, 
to inspect into these matters, and withal do earnestly request all parties there 
to lay aside all heats and animosities, and endeavour for peace as much as pos- 
sible. In the mean time the Synod allows the complainants, viz : Masters 
Blake, Ingliss, and Liddell, to join with any neighbouring congregation of our 
communion, as to sacramental communion, until said differences are happily 
removed. And it is the advice of the Synod, that the contending parties there 
about accounts, do choose suitable persons to adjust and settle them. And for 
the demand of Mr. Anderson of money, that he says is due to him, the Synod 
do earnestly recommend it to the congregation to inspect into that affair, Mr. 
Andenson being willing to I'cfer his demand to the judgment of any prudent 
indifferent persons, that themselves shall choose, which in the judgment of 
the Synod is so fair on his side, that they cannot but think it must needs lead 
to an end of that di"fference. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

At three o^doch, P. 31. jiost preces sederunt qui supra. 

Six persons that were excommunicated by the Rev. Mr. Malachi Jones, 
namely, George Renock and his wife, Robert Poke, William Rcnock and his 
wife, and Henry Jameson, appealing to the Presbytery of Philadelphia, from 
the sentence of excommunication passed against them, and the Presbytery 
having referred that matter to the determination of the Synod ; after hearing 
two of the appellants and two of Mr. Jones's church, (whereof one was an 
elder,) declaring what they knew of the offences charged against the appel- 
lants, as also read and considered the extract of the minutes of the excommu- 
nication ; the Synod, after due deliberation, came to this conclusion : That 
whereas the appellants do freely own, in their own names, and in the names 
of them that are absent, their breaking away from the communion of ]\Ir. 
Jones's church, without previous application made for certificates of dismis- 
sion, was a disorder and a fault for which they are very sorry, and do ask for- 
giveness of God and all those that they did offend by this disorderly step ; the 
Synod does appoint, that upon -their acknowledging this their offence, by a 
writing read or offered to be read in 3Ir. Jones's congregation, the said appel- 
lants shall be absolved from the aforesaid sentence, and so be free to join with 
what congregation they please. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, and then to meet at 
Philadelphia at 11 o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

1729. 

September llth, 1729. 

The Synod met according to appointment, uhi post preces sederunt 
Ministers : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, John Thom- 
son, James Anderson, John Pierson, Samuel Gelston, Joseph Houston, Gil- 
bert Tennent, Adam Boyd, Jonathan Dickinson, John Bradner, Hutchinson, 
Thomas Evans, Daniel Elmer, Stevenson, William Tennent, Hugh Conn, 
John Ormc, George Gillespie, John Willson. 



1729.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 93 

Elders : Messrs. John Budd, William Blair, John Allen, James Galbreath, 
Moses Rolf, John Thomson, John Devor, Solomon Carpenter, William Wil- 
liams, Edmund Crapper, Jonathan Fithian, George Renocks, John Cross. 

Ministers absent: Masters Joseph Morgan, Pemberton, Cross, Webb, 
Pumry, Stewart, and Hook. 

Mr. Andrews opened the Synod with a sermon on Col. iii. 17. 

Mr. Anderson chosen moderator, and Mr. Thomas Evans clerk. 

Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

18 day, at eight o'doch, A. M. post preces sederunt qui snpra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

In calling over the roll we found that since our last the Rev. Mr. Malachi 
Jones, heretofore a member with us, and the Rev. Mr. Archibald McCook, 
were departed this life. 

The Synod inquiring into the reasons of the absence of Mr. Parris, were 
informed that he is disorderly withdrawn, and gone to New England, under 
the imputation of scandal, and it is ordered, that Mr. Dickinson do write a 
letter to Boston relating the circumstances of said affair. 

Masters Andrews, Dickinson, Thomson, Pierson, Craighead, Conn, Budd, 
and the moderator, be a committee for the fund, or any other business that the 
Synod shall recommend unto them. 

Masters Houston and Bradner ordered to revise the Presbytery book of Phi- 
ladelphia, and Masters Gilbert Tennent and Elmer to revise the Presbytery 
book of New Castle. The Presbytery book of Long Island was absent. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fund, it was found 
that the members have been generally defective in that matter, and it was re- 
commended that the appointment in reference to the raising collections for the 
fund, be carefully observed for the future, and that the Synod's letter relating 
to it be read yearly in the congregations within our bounds as formerly. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at three o'clock, P. M. to- 
gether with the commission of the Synod. 

Masters Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Craighead, and Gillespie, 
appointed to be the commission of the Synod for the ensuing year. 

The affair relating to the confession under our consideration since our last, 
is referred to the committee to draw up an overture upon it. 

Inquiry being made with respect to Mrs. Catharine Wood, it was found 
that endeavours had been used in order to accommodate said affair, but to little 
purpose hitherto; and the said affair is wholly left to the management of any 
Presbytery to which she shall apply, as they shall see cause. And the better 
to enable the said Presbytery to conduct themselves in it, the Synod, having 
been informed that her old friends, the Baptists, say that they have nothing to 
object against her, and that any other society are at liberty to receive her, if 
they shall see cause, they do judge that she is virtually released from the cen- 
sure she laid under, and therefore that she may be received as a member of a 
Christian church, if the differences between her husband and her were accom- 
modated, for any thing that appears to them. 

The Synod being informed that our former minute relating to arrears claimed 
by Mr. Anderson from the congregation at New York, was not complied 
with, they do recommend the said affair to the inspection of the Presbytery 
of Philadelphia. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

19 day, at nine o'clock, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

The Rev. Mr. John Willson coming providentially into these parts, signify- 



94 MINUTES OF THE [1729 

ing his desire of being admitted as a member of the Synod, his credentials 
being read, and the Synod satisfied therewith, he was unanimously received. 

The couiniittee brought in an overture upon the affair of the confession, 
which, after long debating upon it, was agreed upon in h;vc verba. 

Although tlie Synod do not claim or pretend to any authority of imposing 
our faith upon other men's consciences, but do profess our just dissatisfaction 
with, and abhorrence of such impositions, and do utterly disclaim all legisla- 
tive power and authority in the Church, being willing to receive one another 
as Christ has received us to the glory of God, and admit to fellowship in 
sacred ordinances, all such as we have grounds to believe Christ will at last 
admit to the kingdom of heaven, yet we are undoubtedly obliged to take care 
that the faith once delivered to the saints be kept jjure and uncorrupt among 
us, and so handed down to our posterity ; and do therefore agree that all the 
ministers of this Synod, or that shall hereafter be admitted into this Synod, 
shall declare their agreement in, and approbation of, the Confession of Faith, 
with the Larger and Shorter Catechisms of the Assembly of Divines at West- 
minster, as being in all the essential and necessary articles, good forms of 
sound words and systems of Christian doctrine, and do also adopt the said 
Confession and Catechisms as the confession of our faith. And we do also 
agree, that all the Presbyteries within our bounds shall always take care not 
to admit any candidate of the ministry into the exercise of the sacred function 
but what declares his agreement in opinion with all the essential and neces- 
sary articles of said Confession, either by subscribing the said Confession of 
Faith and Catechisms, or by a verbal declaration of their assent thereto, as 
such minister or candidate shall think best. And in case any minister of this 
Synod, or any candidate for the ministry, shall have any scruple with respect 
to any article or articles of said Confession or Catechisms, he shall at the 
time of his making said declaration declare his sentiments to the Presbytery or 
Synod, who shall, notwithstanding, admit him to the exercise of the ministry 
within our bounds, and to ministerial communion, if the Synod or Presbytery 
shall judge his scruple or mistake to be only about articles not essential and 
necessary in doctrine, worship, or government. But if the Synod or Presby- 
tery shall judge such ministers or candidates erronoous in essential and neces- 
sary articles of faith, the Synod or Presbytery shall declare them uncapable of 
communion with them. And the Synod do solemnly agree, that none of us 
will traduce or use any opprobrious terms of those that differ from us in these 
extra-essential and not necessary points of doctrine, but treat them with the 
same friendship, kindness, and brotherly love, as if they had not differed from 
us in such sentiments. 

Mr. Morgan sent a letter to the Synod giving his reasons for his absence, 
which were sustained. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

At three o'clock, P. 31. jjost j)rcccs sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

All the ministers of this Synod now present, except one that declared him- 
self not prepared, viz. Masters Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, John 
Thomson, James Anderson, John Pierson, Samuel (ielston, Joseph Houston, 
Gilbert Teuneut, Adam ]^'»yd, Jonathan Dickinson, John ]}radner, Alexan- 
der Hutchinson, Thomas Fvans, Hugh Steveui50n, William Tennent, Hugh 
Conn, George Gillespie, and John \\'illson, after proposing all the scruples 
that any of them had to make against any articles and expressions in the 
Confession of Faith and Larger and Shorter Catechisms of the Assembly 
of Divines at AVestminster, have unanimously agreed in the solution of those 
scruples, and in declaring the said Confession and Catechisms to be the con- 



1729.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 95 

fession of their faith, excepting only some clauses in the twentieth and twenty- 
third chapters, concerning which clauses the Synod do unanimously de- 
clare, that they do not receive those articles in any such sense as to suppose 
- the civil magistrate hath a controlling power over Synods with respect to the 
exercise of their ministerial authority ; or power to persecute any for their 
religion, or in any sense contrary to the Protestant succession to the throne of 
Great Britain. 

The Synod observing that unanimity, peace, and unity, which appeared in 
all their consultations and determinations relating to the affair of the Confes- 
sion, did unanimously agree in giving thanks to God in solemn prayer and 
praises. 

A supplication from the congregation of New London, as also another sup- 
plication from the congregation of Upper Elk, being read and heard, the con- 
sideration of them was delayed till our next. 

Ordered, That Masters William Tennent, and Gilbert Tennent, Willson, and 
Elmer, be a committee to inspect into the business between Mr. Bradner and 
Samuel Nealy, which was transmitted from the committee to the Synod. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

20th day at nine o^ clock, A. 31. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

The affair of New London and the congregation of Upper Elk was reassumed, 
and after a long debate and deliberate consideration upon it, the Synod agreed 
to abate half a mile of the distance from the meeting-house of Upper Elk, 
under which they were limited by a former act of the Synod for building of a 
new meeting-house. 

Application from the people of "Wallakill being presented to the Synod by 
their commissioner, John McNeal, representing their request of supplies of 
preaching among them, they were recommended to the care of the Presbytery 
of Philadelphia. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, Monday morning. 

22c? day, at ten o'clock, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

The committee appointed to inspect into the affair between Mr. Bradner and 
Samuel Nealy, brought in their determination upon it, which was approven by 
the Synod, and is as follows. Whereas the reverend Synod appointed a com- 
mittee to hear and offer an overture upon an affair in debate between Samuel 
Nealy and his wife on the one part, and John Carpenter, belonging to Mr. 
Bradner's charge, on the other part, issuing in the said Nealy and his wife 
their exclusion from sealing ordinances ; it is humbly offered, that according 
to what appears to said committee, it is by them resolved, that the Rev. Mr. 
Bradner release said Nealy and his wife from the censure they are laid under, 
they returning cheerfully and fully to their duty, and that mutual amity and 
Christian affection be exercised towards each other by all parties concerned 
with relation to this affair. 

A motion being made to know the Synod's judgment about the directory, 
they gave their sense of that matter in the following words, viz : The Synod 
do unanimously acknowledge and declare, that they judge the directory for 
worship, discipline, and government of the church, commonly annexed to the 
Westminster Confession, to be agreeable in substance to the word of God, and 
founded thereupon, and therefore do earnestly recommend the same to all 
their members, to be by them observed as near as circumstances will allow, 
and Christian prudence direct. 

Overtured That the Synod do bear their testimony against, and declare 



96 MINUTES OF THE [1730. 

their great dissatisfaction at the religious law-suits that are maintainod among 
professors of religion, so contrary to that peace and love which the gospel 
requires, and the express direction of the Holy Ghost, 1 Cor. vi. 1, 2, 3, and 
consequently very much to the scandal of our holy profession. And that, 
therefore, the Synod do recommend to all the ministers withiu our bounds, to 
use their utmost endeavour to briug their several and respective congregations 
into a joint agreement to avoid to their utmost all unnecessary law-suits for 
the future, and to refer such differences as cannot be easily accommodated 
between the parties themselves, to some prudent, religious, and indifferent 
friends, if it may be of our own profession, mutually chosen by the contend- 
ing parties, or otherwise, as such society shall think best, to decide and deter- 
mine such differences. This overture was approved by the Synod nemine 
contradicente. 

Mr. Gelstou representing to the Synod, the desire of the congregation of 
New London to have indifferent men chosen for a perambulation in order to 
accommodate the situation of a meeting-house for them, which being put to 
vote, was carried in the negative. Upon which there was a protest presented 
against the proceeding of the Synod in this affair, signed by Robert Finney and 
James Muir. 

Adjoui-ned till three o'clock, P. M. 

At three o'clock, P. 31. Post 'preccs sederunt qui siqira. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the Synod be read. 

Adjourned till the third \Yednesday of September next, and then to meet a 
full Synod at Philadelphia, at eleven o'clock, ante meridiem. Concluded with 
prayer. 

1730. 

The Synod met according to appointment, 

September IQih, 1730. Uhipostjyreces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, John Thom- 
son, James Anderson, John Pierson, Samuel Gelston, Joseph Houston, Wil- 
liam Tenuent, David Evans, Gilbert Tennent, Adam Boyd, Alexander Hutch- 
inson, Joseph Morgan, Daniel Elmer, Thomas Evans, Ebenezer Pemberton, 
Ebenezer Goold. 

Elders : IMessrs. John Budd, John Montgomery, James Turner, Robert 
Finney, "William Miller, James AVhitehead, Francis Alexander, William Brad- 
ford, Nathaniel Hazzard, Alexander White. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. (Voss, Dickinson, Conn, Orme, Stevenson, Stewart, 
Bradner, Webb, Pumry, Hook, and Wilson. 

Mr. William Tenuent chosen moderator, and Mr. Houston clerk. 

Mr. Anderson, the last moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon on 
1 Tim. vi. 20. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod bo read. 

The reasons of Mr. Pemberton's absence last year sustained. 

Mr. Dickinson being absent there could be no account of his writing to Now 
England in relation to Mr. Parris his irregular withdrawing, according to the 
last year's appointment. 

Masters Andrews, Thomson, Pierson, Craighead, Anderson, and the mo- 
derator, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and for any other business 
that the Synod shall recommend unto them. 

Masters Boyd and Hutchinson ordered to revise the Pre-sbytery book of 
Philadelphia. The Presbytery book of New Castle not being filled up, was 
not brought. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fund, it was found 



1730.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 97 

that Masters Gillespie, Pierson, Boyd, and Houston, had brought collections 
which are to be delivered to the committee for the fund. And it is agreed that 
. the collections for the fund be continued yearly. 

Masters Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Craighead, and Gillespie, ap- 
pointed to be the commissioners of the Synod for the year ensuing. 
^ Ordered, That the commissioners of the Synod report what they have done 
since the last Synod, after the minutes are read. 

_ A letter from Mrs. Catharine Wood to the Synod ; the Synod refers the con- 
sideration of said letter to the committee of the Synod. 

The Presbytery of Philadelphia report, that what was ordered by the last 
Synod in relation to New York congregation and Mr. Anderson, is happily ac- 
commodated. 

Mr. Elmer desiring time last Synod to consider of the Synod's declaring to 
the Westminster Confession and Catechisms, &c. ; and Mr. Morgan and Mr. 
Pemberton being absent, do all now report that they have declared before the 
Presbytery, and desire that their names be inserted in our Synodical records. 

Ordered, That the committee meet to-morrow at eight o'clock, A. M. and the 
Synod at ten o'clock, ante merid. 

17th day at ten o'clock, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Mr. Hook and Mr. Webb sent their letters of excuse for their absence, which 
were sustained. Mr. Cross' letter of excuse for this year's absence was not 
sustained. 

Ordered, That Mr. Andrews write to Mr. Bradner, that the plain intent and 
meaning of the last year's minute, with respect to him and Samuel Nealy and 
his wife, was, that there should be no censure upon Nealy, for things past, but 
that Necdi/'s returning to his duty, was, his returning to a Christian deport- 
ment to Mr. Bradner as a minister of the gospel, and accordingly Mr. Brad- 
ner was to treat him. And it is the judgment of the Synod, that he the said 
Nealy, be received to communion unless new matter of scandal appear against 
him. ° . 

Upon the reading of our last year's minutes in relation to the situation of 
Mr. Gelston's meeting-house, that was represented to the Synod by several 
members of the New Castle Presbytery, that Mr. Gelston's people have not 
fulfilled theorder of the Synod as to the moving of their meeting-house, havino- 
entered their protest against the Synod's proceedings in relation thereunto! 
The Synod, after much discourse upon this affair, at last came to this resolu- 
tion, viz : that certain persons be appointed to perambulate the bounds and 
confines of Mr. Houston's and Mr. Gelston's congregations, and to make a 
representation of what discoveries they can make, in order to bring the matter 
of difference between those congregations to an amicable accommodation; and 
if Mr. Gelston's congregation will cordially encourage and support said per- 
sons appointed so to perambulate, and also submit to the judgment of the 
Synod in pursuance of said perambulation, well ; but if Mr. Gelston's congre- 
gation will either not encourage, support, and assist said perambulation, and 
do not agree and submit to the judgment of the Synod in pursuance of said 
perambulation, then the said congregation from thenceforth, shall not be es- 
teemed by this Synod as an orderly congregation, until they by testifying their 
repentance, give reasonable satisfaction to this Synod. And in this perambula- 
tion respect is to be had also to Mr. Boyd's congregation. 

Mr. David Evans having withdrawn from the Synod three years ago, upon 

a protest put in by him and some other brethren, declared his hearty concern 

for his withdrawal, and desired to be received as a member again. And he 

having proposed all the scruples he had to make about any articles of the 

13 



98 MINUTES OF THE [1730. 

Confession and Catechisms, &c. to the satisfaction of the Synod, and declared 
his adopting the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms, agreeable 
to the last year's adopting act; he was unanimously received in as a member 
again j and for his ease is joined to the Presbytery of Philadelphia. 
Adjourned till five of the clock, post meridiem. 

At Jive of the clock, P. M. post preccs sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

Mr. John Budd and Mr. Edward Shippen, of Philadelphia ; John Parry, 
jun'r. and James David, of Mr. David Evans's congregation ; and Thomas 
James and Joseph Thomas of JMr. Thomas Evans's congregation, are appointed 
by the Synod to perambulate the bounds of 3Ir. Gelstou's congregation, accord- 
ing to the above minute; and these gentlemen are to have previous and timeous 
notice from Mr. Gelston's congregation ; which was agreed by the Synod 
nemine contradicente. 

Overtured, with respect to Mrs. Catharine AYood, that she may be admitted 
to communion for the present, till something further appear than has yet 
appeared against her; which overture was approved by the Synod nemine 
contradicente. 

Whereas some persons have been dissatisfied at the manner of wording our 
last year's agreement about the Confession, &c. ; supposing some expressions 
not sufficiently obligatory upon intrants ; overtured, that the Synod do now 
declare, that they understand these clauses that respect the admission of in- 
trants or candidates in such a sense as to oblige them to receive and adopt the 
Confession and Catechisms at their admission in the same manner and as fully 
as the members of the Synod did that were then present. Which overture was 
unanimously agreed to by the Synod. 

Thomas Caldwell's affair came under consideration, which was deferred until 
to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow, ante meridiem. 

IS th day at ten o'cloclc. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of Thomas Caldwell reassumed, wherein he complains of the 
records of the Presbytery of New Castle, for charging him as a contentious 
person; the Synod after long debate, and hearing all that Thomas Caldwell 
had to advance, it was carried by a plurality of votes, that he, the said Thomas 
Caldwell, should acquiesce in the credentials the Presbytery of New Castle 
has given him. 

The Synod having received a letter from New Castle on behalf of Mr. John 
Wilson, soliciting that something might be done' to remove some misunder- 
standings between the congregation there and the Presbytery, respecting the 
conduct of that Presbytery with relation to him ; this brought on a discourse 
about Mr. Wilson's behaviour and character, and the transactions of the Pres- 
bytery of New Castle, pursuant to the account they had of him ; and the 
members of that Pi-esbytery having acquainted the Synod by word and writ- 
ing of their carriage towards him, the Synod do judge that, as far as things 
appear to us, they are not chargeable with any severity to him, but rather the 
contrary. 

A letter from Scotland referred to the committee of overtures, to bring in an 
overture upon it. 

Adjourned to four o'clock, ^os< meridiem. 

At four o^ clock, P. M. postpreces sederunt qui supra. 
Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 
The commissioners of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland^ 



1731.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 99 

having sent over an extract of their act relating to securing the fabrick of the 
Presbyterian Church at New York, to the use of a Presbyterian church for 
_ ever ; and having ordered Dr. Nicoll, to whom it was sent, to show the same 
' to the Synod of their bounds, it was accordingly done ; and the Synod found, 
by the testimony of two of the proprietors of that house, that it is secured 
according to the terms of their act. 

Dr. John Nicoll having wrote to the Synod, about a certain parcel of com- 
munion-table linen, which Mr. Anderson has now in possession, alleging that 
Mrs. Burnet, that was the first owner, gave said linen to him the said Ander- 
son, for the benefit of the church whereof he is or shall be minister ; it is 
alleged to the contrary by Dr. Nicoll by letter. The Synod could not deter- 
mine any thing in said afiair, but leave it to the clearest proof. 
Adjourned till to-morrow, seven o'clock, ante meridiem. 

19(h day at seven o' clock, A. M. post jJreces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

A letter from the commissioners of the General Assembly of the church of 
Scotland to this Synod, relating to some money willed by the late Rev. Dr. 
Daniel Williams, for the propagating of Christian knowledge in foreign parts; 
the said letter was read, and much discourse passed relating thereunto ; the 
Synod came to this resolution, that Masters Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, and 
Budd, deliberate and write to the commissioners of the said General Assembly, 
as likewise to the brethren in New England ; which writing is left to the pru- 
dence of the said committee. 

Agreed that the respective collections for the fund for the year ensuing, may 
be disposed of according to the discretion of the ministers and sessions of the 
several congregations, and that they give an account of what they do that way 
to the next Synod. 

It is agreed by the Synod, that Mr. John Peter Miller, a Dutch probationer, 
lately come over, be left to the care of the Presbytery of Philadelphia to settle 
him in the work of the ministry. 

A letter from_ Mr. Robert Gordon to Masters Andrews and Cross, relating 
to Mr. John Wilson, read and considered ; the remains of that affair not yet 
considered, are left to the discretion, care, and prudence of the Presbytery of 
Philadelpliia. 

A supplication from Crosswick being read and considered, it is ordered that 
Mr. Andrews write to said people at his discretion. 

A letter from the committee of a new erection at Boston, being read and 
considered, it was ordered that Mr. Craighead write an answer to said letter. 

The Presbytery book of Philadelphia brought in and approved. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of 7br. next, at eleven of the clock, 
ante merid. and then to meet at Philadelphia a full Synod. Concluded with 
prayer. 

1731. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

September 15th, 1731. fost preces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, John Thomson, 
John Pierson, Samuel Gelston, William Tennent, David Evans, George Gil- 
lespie, Gilbert Tennent, Adam Boyd, Joseph Morgan, Henry Hook, Ebenezer 
Goold, Joseph Webb, Robert Cross, Alexander Hutchinson. 

Elders: Messrs. Thomas Craig, James Montgomery, John McClenaghan, 
William Emmitt, James Abraham, James Kerr, Francis King, Abraham 
Reevs, John Richy, Peter Bushell. 



100 MINUTES OF THE [1731. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. James Anderson, Jonathan Dickinson, Hugh 
Conn, John Orme, Stevenson, Stewart, John Bradner, Pumry, Wales, Thomas 
Evans, Pcmberton, Elmer, Houston. 

Mr. Joseph IMorgan was chosen moderator, and Mr. Andrews clerk. 

Mr. William Tennent, the moderator of the last Synod, opened the Synod 
with a sermon from 1 Pet. i. 21. 

Mr. Dickinson's reasons of his absence, sent by Mr. Webb, were sustained. 
Likewise Mr. Anderson's reasons of his absence per letter were sustained. 
Mr. Houston being not well, his absence was excused. 

The minutes of the last Synod ordered to be read. 

Masters Andrews, Thomson, Pierson, Craighead, Boyd, Cross, and the mod- 
erator, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and for any other business 
that the Synod shall recommend unto them. 

Masters Thomson and Boyd, appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia. 

The Presbytery book of New Castle was not brought, the clerk being 
absent. 

Inquiry being made who had got collections for the fund, it was found that 
Mr. Andrews, Mr. Thomson, Mr. Gillespie, and Mr. Cross, had brought 
collections ; and that Mr. Pierson's and Mr. Webb's congregations had made 
collections and disposed of them for the relief of indigent places, agreeable to 
a vote of the last Synod. And it was earnestly recommended by the Synod 
to all their members, to use their diligence that the yearly collections for the 
fund may be duly minded, that said collections may not drop, as there seems 
danger that they may, in case better care be not taken than has been for some 
years past. 

The committee for the fund appointed to meet at eight o'clock, to-morrow 
morning. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

16 day atV) o^doch, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Mr. Pumry's excuse for his absence sent by letter was sustained. 

Masters Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Craighead, and Gillespie, 
appointed to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

Mr. Cross's reasons of his absence last year being minuted as not sus- 
tained, the Synod declare themselves now fully satisfied with Mr. Cross in that 
matter. 

Inquiry being made of Mr. Robert Cross, as to his opinion relating to the 
Synod's agreement with reference to the Westminster Confession of Faith, &c. 
the said Mr. Cross did declare his hearty concurrence with what the Synod had 
done in that affair, and that he did accept of and adopt the said Confession of 
Faith and Catechisms, as the confession of his faith. 

A letter of complaint brought in by Samuel Nealy against Mr. John Brad- 
ner, was deferred. 

The affair relating to Mr. Gelston's meeting-house coming again before the 
Synod, the said affair was deferred. 

The Synod received a letter from ^Ir. William Grant, president of the so- 
ciety for propagation of Christian knowledge in Scotland ; and another from 
the reverend associated ministers of Boston, in New England, (in answer to 
theirs to them last Synod,) both of said letters bearing relation to the will of 
Dr. Daniel Williams of London, deceased, the said letters were read and or- 
dered to be kept in re tent is. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, post meridiem. 



1732.] ' SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 101 

At 3 o'clock p. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 

The affair depending between Mr. Bradner and Samuel Nealy further 
delayed. 

The Synod having considered the aflFair of Mr. Grelston's meeting-house, 
find that the perambulation appointed last year was not, in all respects, ob- 
served, as likewise that no damage, as appears to us, has hitherto accrued to 
Mr. Houston's congregation by reason of the said meeting-house standing 
where it is, to prevent which was the chief reason that moved the Synod to 
make the former act fixing the distance between the two meeting-houses, do 
now agree that Mr. Gelston's meeting-house shall stand where it is, without 
any further dispute about it. 

This above minute being put to vote, approve or not, it was carried in the 
affirmative by a great majority. 

An interloquitur of the Synod appointed to be to-morrow morning at eight 
o'clock. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

At ten o' clock, post preces sederunt qui sujva. 

The interloquitur was attended according to appointment. 

The affair between Mr. Bradner and Samuel Nealy was reassumed, and 
after long reasoning upon it, the Synod came to this conclusion : That not- 
withstanding a former minute of the Synod, whereby that affair was deter- 
mined as things then appeared, yet they have, for sundry good reasons, 
judged it expedient, that there be a hearing of that matter again upon the spotj 
and therefore appointed a committee of the Synod to go to Goshen with the 
full power of the Synod to hear and determine that business. The persons 
appointed for said committee are Mr. Andrews, Mr. Cross, Mr. Dickinson, Mr. 
Pierson, Mr. Webb, Mr. Pumry, and Mr. Pemberton, or any three of them, 
though it is expected they will all use their diligence to go. The time of 
meeting to be the third Wednesday of May next. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, at two o'clock, P. M., 
and then to meet at Philadelphia. 

1733. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

September 20th, 1732. Post preces sederunt 

Ministers present : Messrs. Thomas Craighead, Jedidiah Andrews, John 
Thomson, John Pierson, William Tennent, George Gillespie, Joseph Morgan, 
James Anderson, Jonathan Dickinson, John Cross, Hugh Conn, John Orme, 
William Stewart, Eleazar Wales, Ebenezer Pemberton, Joseph Houston, Rich- 
ard Treat, Robert Cathcart, William Orr, William Bertram. 

Elders present : Messrs. William McMaughan, Hugh Scott, William Gray, 
Andrew Hamilton, John Neven, Robert Linton, Abednego Thomas, William 
Blair, James Donald. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Samuel Gelston, David Evans, Gilbert Tennent, 
Adam Boyd, Henry Hook, Ebenezer Goold, Robert Cross, Alexander Hutch- 
inson, Hugh Stephenson, Samuel Pumry, John Bradner, Thomas Evans, Daniel 
Elmer, Joseph Webb, Nathaniel Hubbell. 

Mr. Stewart was chosen moderator, and Mr. Dickinson clerk. 

Mr. Morgan, the last moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon from Psal. 
cxxxviii. 2. 

The Rev. Mr. William Bertram desiring admission into this Synod, and 
producing most ample testimonials from the Presbytery of Bangor, in Ireland, 
of his ordination, ministerial qualifications, and regular Christian conversation, 



102 MINUTES OF THE [1732 

after his declaring his full and free assent unto the "Westminster Confession 
and Catechisms as the confession of his faith, the 8ynod unanimously and 
cheerfully complied with his desire of admission as a mcmher of this Synod. 

The moderator and Mr. Orme not having opportunity before, either in Pres- 
bytery or Synod, did now declare their hearty assent unto the Confession of 
Faith and Catechisms of Westminster, adopting them as the confession of 
their faith. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last Synod be read. 

The moderator, with Messrs. Orme, Houston, Pemberton, and Wales, 
offered the reasons of their absence from the Synod last year, which were 
sustained. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

21 day. At 9 o'clock, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Mr. Webb's reasons of his absence, by Mr. Dickinson, and Mr. David 

Evans's reasons for his absence, sent by letter, were sustained. 

Masters Andrews, Thomson, Pierson, Craighead, Anderson, and Dickinson, 
appointed to be a committee for the fund, and for any other business that the 
Synod shall recommend unto them. 

Mr. Houston and Mr. Conn appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia. 

Mr. Andrews and Mr. Dickinson appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
New Castle. 

Inquiry being made who had collections for the fund, it was found that Mr. 
Gillespie had brought something. And it is further most earnestly recom- 
mended by the Synod to take care that the yearly collections for the fund be 
not forgotten, but that the respective congregations be earnestly pressed by the 
ministers to exercise their charity in this matter. 

The committee for the fund appointed to meet at two o'clock, jmst mcrid. 

Masters Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Craighead, and Houston, ap- 
pointed to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

Inquiry being made of the committee appointed to go to Goshen in May 
last, it was found that by reason of the great progress of the small-pox on the 
road, and some other reasons, the appointment was not attended. It is there- 
fore now recommended to the Presbytery of Philadelphia to take care of that 
affair, and pursue the most probable methods to heal the unhappy breach be- 
tween Mr. Dradner and Samuel Nealy, if that difference be not already ac- 
commodated. 

Adjourned till four o'clock, P. M. 

At four o'clock, P. 31. post preces sederunt qui svpra. 

Mr. John Cross having but this day been made a member of the Synod, 
and withdrawing to return home without acquainting the Synod therewith, is 
voted to be disorderly and irrcguhir. 

It being overtured by the committee of overtures, that an erection of a new 
Presbytery in Lancaster county, should be appointed by the Synod, it was 
voted by a great majority, that Masters Anderson, Thomson, Boyd, Orr, and 
Bertram, be members of a Presbytery by the name of Dunagall Presbytery. 

The Synod for some reasons, thought fit to defer the revisal of the I'resby- 
tery books until the next year. 

Voted by the Synod, ncniine contradiccntc, that Mr. Orr preach to-morrow 
night. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, at two o'clock, 
P. M. and then to meet at Philadelphia. 



1733.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 103 

1733. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

September 19 fh, 1733. Pout preees sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Thomas Craighead, Jedidiah Andrews, John Thomson, 
John Pierson, Joseph Morgan, James Anderson, Eleazer Wales, Joseph Hous- 
ton, Richard Treat, Daniel Elmer, Greorge Gillespie, William Tennent, llobert 
Cathcart, William Orr, William Bertram, Samuel Gelston, David Evans, Adam 
Boyd, Alexander Hutchinson, Hugh Stevenson, Thomas Evans, Benjamin 
Campbell, John Nutman, Gilbert Tennent. 

Elders present : Messrs. William Gray, John Caldwell, Thomas Mitchell, 
Robert McNight, James Abraham, Thomas Rees, James Young, Benjamin 
Jones, William Bateman, John Kirkpatrick, Robert Boyd, William Stinson, 
Alexander White, Abraham Kitchell, Robert Jameson, George Renocks, James 
Wallace. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, John Cross, Hugh Conn, 
John Orme, William Stewart, Ebenezer Pemberton, Henry Hook, Ebenezer 
Goold, Robert Cross, Samuel Pumry, Joseph Webb, Nathaniel Hubbell. 

Mr. Stewart, the last year's moderator, being absent through indisposition, 
Mr. Thomson opened the Synod with a sermon from Jer. xvii. 9. 

The roll being called over it was found that the Rev. Mr. John Bradner was 
dead since our last Synod. 

Mr. Joseph Houston was chosen moderator, and Mr. Thomas Evans clerk. 

Messrs. Stewart, Webb, and Hook, sent letters to excuse their absence, 
which were approven. And upon the representation made by Mr. Treat and 
others, of the reasons of the absence of Mr. John Cross, he was excused for 
his absence this year. The reasons of the absence of Mr. Robert Cross, sent 
by letter, not being satisfactory, the consideration of his absence both last year 
and this, were deferred till our next. 

Ordered, That our last year's minutes be read. 

Masters Boyd, Hutchinson, Stevenson, Gilbert Tennent, Gelston, Elmer, and 
Thomas Evans, gave the reasons of their absence last year, which were sustained. 

Masters Andrews, Thomson, Pierson, Craighead, Anderson, Boyd, and the 
moderator, appointed to be a committee for the fund, and any business that the 
Synod shall recommend unto them. 

Masters Gillespie and Hutchinson appointed to revise the Presbytery book 
of Philadelphia. 

The Presbytery books of New Castle and Dunagall being absent, Ordered, 
That they be brought at our next Synod. 

Ordered, That the committee meet at eight of the clock to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till ten of the clock to-morrow morning. 

20/A day, at ten o'clock, ante meridiem, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fund, it was found 
that Masters Thomson, Anderson, Gillespie, Boyd, and Thomas Evans, had 
brought something. And it being found that most of our members had ne- 
glected in times past to bring collections, it was ordered, that every member of 
the Synod do use their endeavours with their respective congregations, to bring 
collections yearly to the fund, and that in order to their greater success, every 
member who hath not yet had a copy of the Synod's letter relating to that 
affair, shall not fail to procure one, and improve it with their respective congre- 
gations and sessions, according to the design thereof. 

Ordered, That the commission of the Synod bring in an account of their 
management with respect to the fund, at our next sederunt. 

Masters Andrews, Anderson, Gillespie, Robert Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, 



104 MINUTES OF THE [1733. 

Craighead, and the moderator, be the commission of the Synod for the year 
ensuing. 

Inquiry being made of the difference between Mr. Bradner and Samuel 
Nealy, it was rej^orted that some time before Mr. Bradner's death the breach 
between them was made up; the said Nealy submitting to the Sj-nod's deter- 
mination. 

The further consideration of Mr. John Cross his withdrawing from the Synod 
last year, deferred to our next. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. 31. 

At three o'chcl-, P. 31. Post j^reces sederunt qui supra. 

The commission of the Synod for last year brought in an account of their 
management with respect to the fund, which being read was approved. 

Upon a supplication of the people of Trenton, presented to the Synod by 
the committee of the Synod, it was recommended by said committee, that the 
commission of the Synod do allow something out of the fund to Trenton, as 
to them shall appear needful, when they are settled with a minister; which 
overture being read was approved by the Synod, ncmine contradicenfe. 

The affair of Hanover coming under consideration, and many papers being 
read to give light to the Synod in that affiiir, it was agreed that the committee 
bring in an overture on said business at our next sederunt. 

Ordered, That the committee meet at eight of the clock to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till ten of the clock to-morrow morning. 

21 dai/, at ten d clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui sujyra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last sederunt be read. 

The committee having spent much time in reasoning on the affair of Hano- 
ver committed to them, at length agreed upon an overture on it in the follow- 
ing articles, viz. 

First, That the Synod look upon the practice of submitting of congrega- 
tional affairs to tiie decision of a lot, though accompanied with sacred solem- 
nity, to be unwarrantable, inasmuch as lots are only wan-antably used to de- 
cide matters that can't be otherwise determined in a rational way ; particularly 
by appljnng to higher judicatories. 

Secondly, The Synod do thiidi that in their present circumstances of poverty 
and weakness, it might be very advisable for the people of West Hanover, 
at least for some time, to join themselves with the congregations of East 
Hanover, and Basking Ividge, as may be most convenient, until they, as well 
as the said neighbouring congregations, be more able to subsist of themselves 
separately. Yet in the mean time, as the case now stands with that people, 
if re-union between East and West Hanover be found impracticable, accortOng 
to our above advice, the Synod judge that the people of West Hanover be 
left to their liberty to erect themselves into a separate congregation. Withal 
we earnestly obtest and beseech, that nothing be done in that affair that may 
have a tendency to hurt the interest of religion in those places, so far as 
in them lies. 

The above overture being read, was approveu by a great majority of votes. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. 

At three of the clock, P. 31. Post pyrcces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Mr. Andrews having made a motion to the committee of overtures, that an 
assistant be allowed unto him in the work of the ministry in this city ; and the 
committee after discoursing upon it, having recommended the consideration 
thereof to the Synod, upon this proviso, that if the said motion be allowed or 



1733.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 105 

approved, there be first a sufficient provision made for an honourable main- 
tenance of Mr. Andrews, during his continuance among this people ; the Synod 
entered upon the consideration of said motion, and after considerable discourse 
upon it, it was put to the vote, whether Mr. Andrews should be allowed to 
have an assistant, if first sufficient provision be made for his honourable main- 
tenance during his life among them, and it was carried in the affirmative, 
nemine contradicente. 

It is further Ordered, by the Synod, That the committee of overtures meet 
this evening, and consult about what may be necessary to prepare a way for 
putting the said motion into execution, as well as to prepare other business for 
the Synod. 

The committee ordered to meet at eight of the clock to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

22 day. At ten d clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The committee reported that the afiair of Mr. Andrews's motion for an 
assistant is yet under consideration. 

Upon an overture to the Synod in pursuance of an order of the committee 
to that purpose, viz. to use some proper means to revive the declining power 
of godliness, the Synod do earnestly recommend it to all our ministers and 
members, to take particular care about ministerial visiting of families, and press 
family and secret worship, according to the Westminster Directory, and that 
they also recommend it to every Presbytery, at proper seasons to inquire con- 
cerning the diligence of each of their members in such particulars. 

This overture was approved, nemine contradicente. 

Ordered, That each Presbytery take a copy of said overture, together with 
this order, and insert the same in their Presbytery books. 

Upon an overture of the committee to the Synod, concerning a representa- 
tion of Mr. Hugh Stevenson, respecting harsh and injurious usage which he 
met with from some gentlemen in Virginia, the Synod ordered Mr. Stevenson 
to lay a representation thereof before them, which he accordingly did in writ- 
ing. And after hearing the same, and reasoning upon it, it was agreed that a 
letter be writ by the Synod, and sent to the General Assembly of the Church 
of Scotland, together with a copy of Mr. Stevenson's representation, in order 
to use our interest with that venerable Assembly for our being assisted with 
money from the societies for the propagation of religion, or elsewhere to enable 
us to maintain some itinerant ministers in Virginia or elsewhere ; as also to 
procure their assistance to obtain the favourable notice of the government in 
England, so as to lay a restraint upon some gentlemen in said neighbouring 
province, as may discourage them from hampering such itinerant ministers by 
illegal prosecutions ; and if it may be, to procure some assistance from his 
majesty for our encouragement by way of regium donum. 

Ordered, That Masters Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, and Stevenson, 
write the above letter, and bring it into the Synod to be approved on Monday 
morning. 

Ordered, That the committee meet at eight of the clock on Monday 
morning. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock on Monday morning. 

24^/i day, at ten of the clock, A. M. post jn-eces sederunt qui supra. 

An overture being brought in from the conimittee of overtures about the 
ascertaining Mr. Andrews his maintenance, in case of an assistant, the Synod 
had long discourse about the whole affair, and also had conference with some 
14 



106 MINUTES OF THE [1733 

gentlemen members of this congregation, and at last agreed upon the following 
conclusion. 

First, That the congregation be allowed to call an assistant to Mr. An- 
drews. 

Secondly, That in order to secure Mr. Andrews's maintenance, those gen- 
tlemen who have expressed a desire of an assistant, shall not diminish, but 
rather strive, and as much as may be, increase their own subscriptions to him 
on their part; neither shall they endeavour to alienate any of the present sub- 
scription of the congregation from Mr. Andrews. And inasmuch as the pre- 
sent subscription appears scanty, that all care shall be taken to get new suo- 
scriptions to Mr. Andrews. 

Thirdly, That he shall also have all the monthly collections. 

This was agreed to, nemine contracUcente. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. 

At three of the clocTc, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered that the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

An overture from the committee upon a motion of a member of the Presby- 
tery of Philadelphia, that the said Presbytery be divided into two Presbyteries. 
The Synod approved of the said motion, and it is agreed that Messrs. Jedi- 
diah Andrews, Morgan, Evans, William Tennent, Treat, Elmer, Goold, and 
Wales, be members of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, and that the rest of the 
members now in said Presbytery be the Presbytery of East Jersey. 

Overtured, That something be allowed to the congregations of Basking- 
ridge and Perth-Amboy, in pursuance of their applications for that purpose, 
in order to assist them in defraying the charges of their meeting-houses. And 
also something to a student. AH which was referred to the committee of the 
fund. 

Overtured, That something be allowed out of the fund to three ministers' 
widows, which was also referred to the committee of the fund. 

Mr. Nutman representing to the Synod, the great difficulties he is fallen 
under, as to his continuing pastor of the congregation of East-Hanover, by 
reason of the division and discord between them and the people of West- 
Hanover; they, viz: of West-Hanover being allowed by this Synod, to erect 
themselves into a separate congregation, (in case, as per minutes of the Synod,) 
the Synod considering the same, do earnestly recommend it to the Presbytery 
of East-New- Jersey to travail with the people of West-Hanover and East- 
Hanover, in order to prevail with them to agree upon conditions of reunion, 
at least for a while, until they be better able to subsist apart. But if the Pres- 
bytery's endeavours to this purpose should not have effect, it is this Synod's 
judgment, that a dismission may be granted to Mr. Nutman from the peo- 
ple of East-Hanover, by the said Presbytery, upon his application for the 
same. 

Masters Andrews, Thomson, Anderson, and Stevenson, brought in the letter 
to be sent to the General Assembly of Scotland, wliich was approved of. 

Ordered, That two copies of our letter from this Synod to the General 
Assembly of the church of Scotland, be sent as per minutes, and that Mr. 
Andrews is appointed to write and send one, and Mr. Stevenson the other. 

Ordered, That a particular account of the state of the fund be prepared by 
the commission of the Synod, in order to bring it in to our Synod next year, 
to be inserted in our minutes. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of September next, at two of the clock, 
P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



1734.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 



107 



1734. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

September lS(h, 1734:. Uhi post preces sedeitint 
Ministers : Messrs. Thomas Craighead, Jedidiah Andrews, John Thomson, 
John Pierson, Joseph Morgan, James Anderson, Eleazar Wales, Joseph 
Houston, Richard Treat, Daniel Elmer, William Tennent, Robert Cathcart, 
William Orr, David Evans, Adam Boyd, Benjamin Campbell, Samuel Hemp- 
hill, John Nutman, Gilbert Tennent, Jonathan Dickinson, John Cross, Ebe- 
nezer Pemberton, Robert Cross, Samuel Pumry, Joseph Webb, Andrew 
Archbold, James Martin, Robert Jamison, George Gillespie, Henry Hook, 
Alexander Hutchinson, Ebenezer Goold. 

Elders: Messrs. William Gray, Andrew Hamilton, Alexander McNight, 
Robert Ingliss, James Smith, Charles Hufty, William Ramsey, William Blair, 
David Patterson, James Abraham, James Cochran, Benjamin Beech, Matthias 
Hatfield, Elias Bailies, Adam Renkin. 

Mr. Ebenezer Pemberton was chosen moderator, and Mr. Daniel Elmer 
clerk. 

Mr. Houston, last year's moderator, opened the Synod by a sermon from 
Matt. V. 16. 

Messrs. Andrews, Thomson, Pierson, Craighead, Anderson, Boyd, Gilles- 
• pie, Dickinson, and Robert Cross, appointed a committee for the fund, and any 
other business the Synod shall recommend unto them. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

The committee appointed to meet at eight of the clock. 

19 day, at ten o' clock, 2J0st preces sederunt qui supra. 

The last year's minutes appointed to be read. 

Ministers absent : Masters Bertram, Hugh Stevenson, Thomas Evans, Hugh 
Conn, John Orme, William Stewart, Nathaniel Hubbell. 

Mr. Bertram sent reasons of his absence, which were sustained. Messrs. 
Pemberton, Dickinson, and Robert Cross, gave the reasons of their absence 
last year, which were sustained. 

Mr. Webb and Mr. Nutman appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
New Castle. Messrs. Orr and Campbell, to revise the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia. Messrs. Houston and Pumry, to revise the Presbytery book 
of East Jersey. 

The order with respect to the bringing the Presbytery book of Dunagall, 
that was made last year, is renewed now. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections from their respective con- 
gregations to the fund, it was found that Messrs. Andrews, Thomson, Pierson, 
Anderson, Houston, Treat, William Tennent, Cathcart, Orr, Evans, Boyd, 
Webb, and Hutchinson, had brought something. 

Masters Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, Gillespie, Robert Cross, Dickinson, 
Pierson, Craighead, and the moderator, appointed to be the commission of the 
Synod for the year ensuing. 

Mr. John Cross having given the reasons of his withdrawing from the Synod 
without liberty, the year before last, acknowledged the disorder thereof, which 
acknowledgment was accepted by the Synod. 

Inquiry beiug made with respect to the overture made last Synod, in order 
to revive the decaying power of godliness ; and it being found that it has not 
yet been fully put into execution, the Synod do not only renew the said order, 
but earnestly obtest every of our brethren of the ministry, conscientiously and 
diligently to pursue the good designs thereof. 

Ordered, That the last year's minutes with relation to Mr. Nutman and the 
people of Hanover, be further considered. 



108 MINUTES OF THE [1734. 

Ordered, That the account of the state of the fund be brought in the next 
sederunt. 

Ordered, That the committee meet at three o'clock, P. M. 
Adjourned till four o'clock, P. 31. 

At fmir o'chclc, P. M. post preces sederunt qui siqn-a. 
IMinutes of the last scdrnint ordered to be read. 
The affair of Mr. Nutman and Hanover continued. 
The consideration of the state of the fund continued. 
Adjourned to ten o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

20 dai/, at ten o'docJc, post 2)reces sederunt qui suj^ra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of Mr. Nutman further continued. The consideration of the state 
of the fund further continued. 

There being a petition from the people of Smithbury, that they may be put 
under the Presbytery of East Jersey, the Synod complied with the said peti- 
tion, and appointed that they belong accordingly to the said Presbytery. 

The affair of Mr. Cross's transportation from Jamaica to Philadelphia 
came under consideration, and accordingly the minutes of the commission of 
the Synod, and of the committee appointed by the commission relating to that 
affair being read, and the commissioners from Philadelphia and Jamaica being 
heard at length, as to their reasons and arguments pro and con; as also Mr. 
Cross having declared himself upon that affair, wherein he devolved himself 
wholly upon the determination of the Synod; and several brethren having 
proposed queries in reference to the several arguments pro and con, in order 
to greater light; the Synod defer the further consideration of the whole affair 
until the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. 

At three o'clock, P. 31. jjost j^fcces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of Mr. Nutman continued. The affair of the fund also con- 
tinued. 

The affair of Mr. Cross's transportation from Jamaica to Philadelphia, came 
again under consideration. Upon which it was proposed by a member of the 
Synod, that inasmuch as it is suggested that there are not a few of this con- 
gregation who desire not Mr. Cross's transportation to Philadelphia; and that 
this congregation may not be cut out of tiie right that they have, according to 
our Presbyterian constitution, to offer their objections; the Synod by a great 
majority of votes agreed that this affair be deferred until to-morrow morning, 
and that public advertisement be given this evening to this congregation, that 
if there be any of this congregation, who have any thing to object against Mr. 
Cross's being settled here at Philadelphia, tlioy may appear and offer what 
they have to say upon this affair, that the Synod may judge thereof before 
they proceed to determine this momentous affair by vote. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

21 da>/, at nine o'clock, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 

The affairs of Mr. Nutman and the fund yet continued. 

Some overtures brought in by Mr. Gilbert Tennent, deferred. 

The affair respecting Mr. Cross's transportation from Jamaica to Phila- 
delphia reassumed. And the Synod being deeply sensible of t'he great im- 
portance of the present debate, appointed that a solemn prayer to God for 



1734.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 109 

assistance and direction be made before we enter upon the consideration of it, 
and another prayer before we proceed to a vote, which were accordingly done; 
and after the most critical examination of the affair, and the solemn imploring 
the divine assistance, the matter was put to vote, and carried against Mr. Cross's 
transportation. 

Adjourned till four o'clock, P. M. 

At four d'clocJi, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Mr. Nutman's affair still continued; and the affair of the fund continued; 
and the affair of Mr. Gilbert Tennent, respecting the overtures brought in by 
him, continued till Monday, P. M. 

The Rev. Mr. Samuel Hemphill, being recommended by the Presbytery of 
Straban, in Ireland, to all their reverend brethren, where the providence of 
God shall call him, and he also bringing ample and satisfactory certificates 
from the same Presbytery, of his qualifications for and ordination to the sacred 
ministry, he is, upon his desire, admitted a member of this Synod, and recom- 
mended to the regards and assistance of whichsoever of our Presbyteries his 
abode shall be fixed among. 

An appeal being brought in by Masters John Kirkpatrick and John Moor, 
from the Presbytery of Dunagall, the Synod appointed that Messrs. Jedidiah 
Andrews, William Tennent, Richard Treat, Alexander Hutchinson, George 
Gillespie, Thomas Evans, and Henry Hook, be a committee to meet at Not- 
tingham on the first Wednesday of November next, to hear the said appeal, 
and to determine it by the authority of the Synod, they bringing an account 
of their transactions therein to the next Synod. And the Synod do also em- 
power the said committee to hear any matter de novo, that shall be brought 
before them by the said John Kirkpatrick and John Moor, with relation to the 
affair aforesaid, and authoritatively determine thereupon ; appointing also, 
that if either party do appeal from the determination of the said committee, 
they shall enter their appeal immediately, that it may be finally determined by 
the next Synod. 

Adjourned to Monday at ten o'clock, A. M. 

23 da^, at ten o'clocJc, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sedei-unt be read. 

The affair of the fund yet continued. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Anderson, Thomson, Dickinson, and Cross, draw up 
an overture upon Mr. Gilbert Tennent's overtures, to be presented to the Synod 
to-morrow morning. 

Ordered, That the Synod make a particular inquiry during the time of their 
meeting every year, whether such ministers as have been received as mem- 
bers since the foregoing meeting of the Synod, have adopted, or have been re- 
quired by the Synod, or by the respective Presbyteries, to adopt the West- 
minster Confession and Catechisms with the Directory, according to the acts 
of the Synod made some years since for that purpose, and that also the report 
made to the Synod in answer to said inquiry, be recorded in our minutes. 

Mr. Samuel Pumry, Mr. James Martin, Mr. Robert Jamison, and Mr. 
Samuel Hemphill, declared for, and adopted, the Westminster Confession, 
Catechisms, and Directory commonly annexed, the former as the confession of 
their faith, and the latter as the guide of their practice in matters of discipline, 
as far as may be agreeable to the rules of prudence, &c. as in the adopting acts 
of this Synod is directed. 

Pursuant to act of Synod, found upon inquiry that Mr. William Tennent, 
junior, Mr. Andrew Archbold ordained, and Mr. Samuel Blair licensed, did 



110 MINUTES OF THE [1734. 

each and every of thorn tleclare their assent and consent to the Westminster 
Confession and Catechisms, and Directory annexed, according to the intent of 
the act of Synod in that case made and provided. 

Resolved, That the affiiir of Mr. Nutman, from time to time continued; be 
first considered the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

At three oWock, P. M. Post jireces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

Ordered, That Mr. Robert Cross, and the moderator, as soon as leisure will 
permit, do write a letter to Col. Ogden, in return to his to the Synod bearing 
date September IG, 1734. 

The affair of Mr. Nutman and the people of Hanover resumed, and after 
reading our last year's minutes, and Mr. Dickinson proposing a difficulty con- 
cerning the obligation of the determination by the lot mentioned in said 
minutes, whether the obligation of the said determination yet remains binding 
^apon said people, the Synod after much discourse and reasoning about that 
matter, at length came to a judgment in the following propositions. 

1. That the Synod look upon the obligation of a determination of a difference 
by a lot, to be sacred and binding upon the conscience, if the matter so deter- 
mined be lawful and practicable, and consequently to act contrary thereunto 
must be a very great sin. 

2. That as the foundation upon which a lot is cast may cease, and the prac- 
ticableness of acting according to the determination thereof may, in time, cease 
also, (though for a time it may continue practicable,) in such a case we judge 
that the obligation thereof doth cease also, because it can never be designed 
that such an obligation should remain after the design thereof becomes either 
impossible, or hath been fully obtained. 

3. Our determination last year relating to the people of Hanover, did wholly 
go upon this supposition, that the affairs of that people and their circumstances 
were so far altered, upon representations then made to us, that we supposed 
the foundation of said lot, and of the people's acting upon it were ceased, 
which, whether it be certainly so or not, we do not peremptorily determine, 
but leave parties to judge thereof as in conscience they can. 

4. That however, as in our minutes last Synod, we disapprove of the use 
of lots, without necessity, yet we are afraid, upon representation, that there 
hath been much sin committed by many if not all that people, in their profane 
disregard of said lot in time past, and therefore excite them to reflect upon 
their past practices in reference thereunto, in order to their repentance. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock to-morrow morning. 

24 daij. At nine o'docJc, A. M. Post preccs sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

Mr. Gilbert Tennent having brought some overtures into the Synod with 
respect to the trials of candidates, both for the ministry and the Lord's Sup- 
per, that there be due care taken in examining into tlie evidences of the grace 
of God in them, as well as of their other necessary qualifications, the Synod 
doth unanimously agree, that as it has been our principle and practice, and as 
it is recommended in the Directory for worsliip and government, to be careful 
in this matter, so it awfully concerns us to be most serious and solemn in the 
trials of both sorts of candidates above mentioned. And this Synod does there- 
fore in the name and fear of God, exhort and obtest all our Presbyteries to 
take special care not to admit into the sacred office, loose, careless, and irreli- 



1734.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. Ill 

gious persons, but that they particularly inquire into the conversations, con- 
duct, and behaviour of such as oiFer themselves to the ministry, and that they 
diligently examine all the candidates for the ministry in their experiences of 
a work of sanctifying grace in their hearts, and that they admit none to the 
sacred trust that are not in the eye of charity serious Christians. And the 
Synod does also seriously and solemnly admonish all the ministers within our 
bounds to make it their awful, constant, and diligent care, to approve them- 
selves to God, to their own consciences, and to their hearers, serious, faithful 
stewards of the mysteries of God, and of holy and exemplary conversations. 
And the Synod does also exhort all the ministers within our bounds to use due 
care in examining those they admit to the Lord's Supper. 

This admonition was approved by the whole Synod. 

And the Synod does further recommend unanimously, to all our Presby- 
teries, to take effectual care that each of their ministers are faithful in the dis- 
charge of their awful trust. And in particular, that they frequently examine, 
with respect to each of their members, into their life and conversation, their 
diligence in their work, and their methods of discharging their ministerial call- 
ing. Particularly that each Presbytery do, at least once a year, examine into 
the manner of each minister's preaching, whether he insist in his ministry 
upon the great articles of Christianity, and in the course of his preaching re- 
commend a crucified Saviour to his hearers as the only foundation of hope, 
and the absolute necessity of the omnipotent influences of the Divine grace to 
enable them to accept of this Saviour; whether he do in the most solemn and 
affecting manner he can, endeavour to convince his hearers of their lost and 
miserable state whilst unconverted, and put them upon the diligent use of 
those means necessary in order to obtaining the sanctifying influences of the 
Spirit of God; whether he do, and how he doth, discharge his duty towards 
the young people and children of his congregation, in a way of catechizing and 
familiar instruction ; whether he do, and in what manner he doth, visit his 
flock and instruct them from house to house. 

And the Synod hereby orders, that a copy of this minute be inserted into 
the books of each of our Presbyteries, and be read at every of their Presby- 
terial meetings, and a record of its being read minuted in said books at the 
beginning of every session, and that there be also an annual record in each 
Presbytery book of a correspondence with this minute. 

And in case any minister within our bounds shall be found defective in any 
of the abovementioned cases, he shall be subject to the censure of the Presby- 
tery, and if he refuse subjection to such censure, the Presbytery are hereby 
directed to represent his case to the next Synod. And the Synod recommends 
to each of the ministers within our bounds to be as much in catechetical doc- 
trines as they in prudence may think proper. 

The Synod determines that no minister of our persuasion, in the govern- 
ment of Pennsylvania, and the lower counties, from this time forward, marry 
by any license from the governor, till the form of them be altered and brought 
to a nearer conformity to those of the neighbouring governments of New York 
and New Jersey; and particularly till they are altered in such a manner as 
hath no peculiar respect to the ministers of the Church of England, nor oblige 
us to any of the forms and ceremonies peculiar to that church ; and do fur- 
ther agree to refer it to the Presbyteries of New Castle and Donegall con- 
junctly to make what regulations they see cause for upon the affair of licenses 
with respect to their own members. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. 

At three o'clock, P. M. post jjreces sederunt qui supra. 
An account of the fund being brought in, it appears that October the 22d, 



112 MINUTES OF THE [1735. 

1733, the sum total amounted to five hundred and seven pounds, sixteen shil- 
lings and ten pence. 

A reference being made by the Presbytery of New Castle to the Synod 
concernin<T Mr. Gelston's suspension, upon the account of drunkenness and 
some othe'r crimes, the Synod finding Mr. Gclston to be absent, and seeing no 
reason to take off the suspension, do continue it till our nest Synod. 

The Presbytery books of Philadelphia, New Castle, and East Jersey, were 
brought in and approved. 

Ordered, That each Presbytery have a copy of these minutes, and of all 
the minutes of the Synod annually, for the time to come, and that the clerk be 
satisfied for writing the said copies out of the fund. 

Ordered, That the commission of the Synod do take care of the fund. 

Adjourned to the third Wednesday of September next, at two o'clock, P. M., 
and then to meet at Philadelphia. Concluded with prayer. 

173o. 

At a Synod held at Philadelphia, 

September 17th, 1735. Vbi post preces sederunt 

Ministers: Messrs. Thomas Craighead, Jedidiah Andrews, John Thom- 
son, Joseph Morgan, James Anderson, Eleazer Wales, Joseph Houston, 
Richard Treat, Daniel Elmer, Robert Cathcart, David Evans, Adam Boyd, 
Jonathan Dickinson, John Cross, George Gillespie, Alexander Hutchinson, 
Ebenezer Pcmberton, Robert Cross, Joseph Webb, Samuel Blair, Andrew 
Archbold, Robert Jamison, Ebenezer Goold, Thomas Evans, Hugh Stevenson, 
John Orme, Isaac Chalker, Hugh Carlisle, James Martin. 

Elders: Messrs. James Gait, William Gray, William Whiteside, Andrew 
Galbaith, John Latham, Nathaniel Britain, James Bravarb, Ephraim Logue, 
David Griffith, Samuel Jack, Asa Gildersheve, William McMachin, Samuel 
James, John Smith, Joseph Steel, William Bratten. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. John Pierson, William Tennent, William Orr, 
John Nutman, Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, junior, Samuel Pumry, 
Simon Horton, Henry Hook, William Bertram, Hugh Conn, Nathaniel 
Hubbcl. 

Mr. Robert Cross was chosen moderator, and Mr. Richard Treat clerk. 

Mr. Pemberton, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod by a sermon 
on John xii. 20. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

18 day, at nine of the clock, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Messrs. Pierson, Nutman, Conn, and Bertram, sent reasons of their absence, 
which were sustained. 

Ordered, That the last year's minutes be read. 

Upon calling over the roll it was found that Messrs. Stewart and Campbell 
are dead since our last Synod. 

Messrs. Andrews, Thomson, Craighead, Anderson, Boyd, Gillespie, Dickin- 
son, Pcmberton, and the moderator, appointed to be a committee for the fund, 
and any other business the Synod shall recommend to them. 

Messrs. Thomas Evans, Orme, and Stevenson, gave the reasons of their 
absence last year, which were sustained. 

Messrs. Pemberton and Dickinson appointed to revise the Presbytery book 
of Philadelphia, and Messrs. Stevenson and Martin the Presbytery book of 
Donegall. 

The Presbytery books of New Castle and East Jersey not being brought are 
ordered to be brought next Synod. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections to the fund, it was found 



1735.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 113 

that Messrs. Andrews, Thomson, Anderson, David Evans, Boyd, Dickinson, 
Webb, Thomas Evans, Gillespie, and Pierson, had got some. 

Messrs. Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pemberton, 
' Pierson, Craighead, Thomas Evans, and the moderator, appointed to be the 
commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

Whereas the commission of the Synod did meet some time in April last. 
Ordered, That an account of their proceedings be brought in after we have 
finished the reading of the last year's minutes.* 

* The committee met at Nottingham, according to appointment of the last Synod, and 
happily accommodated their diiferences, whose conduct was approved by the Synod, and 
the account of the whole of this proceeding ordered to be recorded in the Synod book, 
both minutes and articles of agreement, which was as followeth, viz. 

First, the minutes. 

At a meeting of the committee appointed by the last Synod to meet at Nottingham, on 
Wednesday, the 6th day of November, 1734, to settle some differences that ha°d arisen 
there, iibi post preccs sederunt Mr. George Gillespie, Mr. Alexander Hutchinson, Mr. 
Thomas Evans, Jlr. Richard Treat, and Mr. Jedidiah Andrews. 

Two of the members that were appointed, namely Mr. William Tennent, and Mr. 
Henry Hook, were absent. 

Mr. Andrews was chosen moderator, and Mr. Evans clerk. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the Synod relating to the affair now depending, should 
be read, which was accordingly done. 

John Kirkpatrick being called, produced several papers relating to the matter of dif- 
ference between him and Mr. Orr, which were read, as also the minutes of the Donegall 
Presbytery relating to the said affair, and the committee after just entering upon the 
affair, finding things too tedious to finish any thing this evening, defer the consideratioa 
of the whole till tomorrow morning. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock to-morrow morning. 

1th day, at nine o'clock, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The matter of difference between John Kirkpatrick and Mr. Orr being reassumed, and 
the stated members of Donegall Presbytery being interrogated about their present sen- 
timents, whether, upon a review, and more mature deliberation on said affair, they stood 
upon a vindication of the whole of their judgment, they did all of them candidly declare 
their mistake or error in two particulars. 1. In their not hearing and discussing John 
Kirkpatrick's supplication as they should have done, which they judge might hurt the 
whole affair. 2. In not giving him copies of some papers as he desired, which omissions 
they say, were much owing to the want of time, and the disturbance things were iu 
among the people. 

The committee in an interloquitur, in order to shorten matters, agreed to advise both 
parties to try to moderate the differences among them, by choosing two indifferent per- 
sons on each side to labour in the affair, which was done, and the whole afternoon was 
spent in it. 

Adjourned to nine of the clock to-morrow morning. 

8/A day, at nine o'clock, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The committee inquired whether any thing was done by the persons that were chosen 
by each party, in order to an accommodation, and found that they had drawn up certain 
articles, which they thought reasonable for all parties to agree in, which, after much 
pains and diligence used by said persons, were consented unto publicly-, by all parties, 
and were approved of by the committee, unto the great joy and satisfaction of all con- 
cerned. 

On occasion of a motion made by one of the members, the committee thought fit to 
declare, that though they utterly dislike a captious, querulous frame of spirit and car- 
riage in any person or people, with respect to ministers and their preaching, yet they 
hold that people have the privilege of a judgment of discretion upon what tJiey hear in 
the public ministry; which privilege we judge notwithstanding should be prudently and 
soberly used, with regard to God's glory and the edification of his Church and people. 

And whereas, some things have been uttered by Mr. Orr in his public ministry, which 
have been thought by some, not so well guarded as they should have been, upon an im- 

15 



114 MINUTES OF THE [1735 

Inquiry being made, according to the order of last Synod, whether those 
admitted into any of our Presbyteries since last Synod have adopted the West- 
minster Confession of Faith and Catechisms, &c. according to the adopting 
act of the Synod, it was reported, that Messrs. Isaac Chalker, Simon llorton, 
and Samuel lilair, ordained by the Presbytery of East Jersey, and Mr. Hugh 
Carlisle, admitted into New Castle Presbytery, have done it in the several 
Presbyteries according to the order aforesaid. And Messrs. Isaac Chalker 

portant point of divinity, the committee does, in true brotherly Christian affection, re- 
commend it to Mr. Orr, to be watchful and careful how he express himself on such mo- 
mentous doctrines for the future, that all occasion of exception may be evaded. 

Whereas John Kirkpatrick, Hugh Kirkpatrick, John ^loor, and John Smith, repre- 
sented to the committee that they laboured under some difBculty with respect to an ob- 
ligation wherein they stand bound to make good Mr. Orr's maintenance, from which, in 
order to preserve the present peace among them, they desire to be released, the com- 
mittee recommended it to the congregation to get new bondsmen, and release the said 
persons from the said obligation. 

It being also represented by John Kirkpatrick and John Moor, that they are difScnlted 
about a bond they stand bound in, for building the meeting-house, which should have 
been paid before now, and for which they are in fear of being troubled, the committee 
recommend it to the members of the congregation to take care to pay off said bond as 
soon as possible may be. Concluded with prayer. 

Secondly, the articles of agreement. 

Nottingham, Ohr. 7tk. 1734. 

Whereas it is this day recommended by the Reverend Committee to the contending 
parties, that they choose, each party, two persons to assist them to come to terms of 
agreement, in order to put an end to the present tedious controversy in a way of mutual 
concession and acknowledgment to each other, we, the persons chosen by the parties for 
this purpose, having considered the proposals made by both parties to eacii other, have 
agreed to make the following proposals to both parties, to be by them acquiesced in and 
assented unto, otherwise the matter to be remitted to the cognisance of the committee, 
as if no such proposals had been made. 

Imprimis. That Mr. Orr acknowledge, that inasmuch as by reason of his natural 
temper, he is something liable to act with an appearance of too great an air of imperi- 
ousness, so in some of his managements in the session, he might be faulty in that respect, 
and is sorry if any thing of this kind hath given offence to Jolm Kirkpatrick and adher- 
ents, and resolves to guard against any thing of that nature for the future. 

2. That Mr. Orr and the session do acknowledge, that they acted with too much lenity 
towards William Edmeston, considering the circumstances of his sins, aud resolve to act 
with more exact severity for the future. 

3. That the congregation acknowledge, that the method they took to deal with John 
Kirkpatrick, &c. iu subscribing such a paper containing such accusations against him 
of lies, which were not proven, and also the bitter satirical style in which it was writ- 
ten, was faulty and unjustifiable, and that they are heartily sorry for their so doing, aud 
resolve never to be guilty of the like again. 

4. That William McGiil be restored to church privileges, without inquiring into the 
justice or injustice of his past censure. 

5. That Jt)hn Kirkpatrick, and all his adherents, be restored to their former gospel 
privileges, so far as is agreeable to gospel rules. 

6. That the substance of all the acknowledgment made by the members of this Pres- 
bytery be recordeii in the Presbytery book. 

7. That John Kirkpatrick and his adherents acknowledge their rash and imprudent 
manner of discoursing of Mr. Orr's doctrine, representing it as false and erroneous, aud 
likewise their abrupt and irregular breaking off' from the session. 

8. That if these articles be acquiesced in by both parties, that they also resolve and 
promise, mutually to each other, industriously for the future to take care not to repeat 
past matters of controversy, but bury all in oblivion, and endeavour by all proper means 
to assist and cultivate true Christian charity and affection. 

Lastly. That if these articles are iigreed to, the same shall be published before the 
committee, and the several parties siiall publicly declare their acquiescence in them ; 
and after all, the contents hereof be recorded in the Presbytery book. 

Thus of the business of Nottingham. 



1735.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 115 

and Hugh Carlisle not having seen the adopting act, have now had the same 
read to them, and do now concur in their assent to the terms of the adopting 
act. 

Ordered, That each Presbjtery have the whole adopting act inserted in their 
Presbytery book. 

Messrs. Pemberton and Cross did write to Col. Ogden, according to order 
of last year, and he not being yet satisfied, and the case being further opened 
by Mr. Webb, the Synod order Mr. Dickinson and Mr. Pemberton to bring in 
a letter for the Synod's approbation to be sent to him. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, post inerid. Concluded with prayer. 

At three of the dock, post merid. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The minutes of the last year not being yet finished, ordered to go on with 
the reading of them. 

There having been a complaint made by some members of the Presbytery 
of East Jersey, that the Presbytery are incapable to comply with the excellent 
design of the act of the last Synod, with respect to the trials of candidates for 
the ministry, and of the fidelity of their own members in the discharge of their 
ministerial trust, by reason that several of their members, and Mr. John Cross 
in particular, neglect to attend the stated meetings of Presbytery, and that Mr, 
John Cross has, without the concurrence of the Presbytery, removed from 
one congregation to another : The Synod do declare that the conduct of such 
ministers that do neglect attendance upon the meetings of the Presbytery 
without necessity, or that take the charge of any congregation without the 
Presbytery's concurrence, to be disorderly and justly worthy of Presbyterial 
censure, and do admonish said Mr. Cross, to be no further chargeable with 
such irregularities for the future. 

The Synod esteeming the act of last year with respect to the trial of can- 
didates for the ministry, and examining into the methods of our ministers' dis- 
charge of their awful trust, to be of greatest moment and importance, do, in 
the strongest manner, exhort each Presbytery to an exact compliance with the 
said act in all the parts of it. And do also exhort all the ministers within our 
bounds, to take due care in the examination of all candidates for baptism, or 
that offer to dedicate their children to God in that sacred ordinance, that they 
are persons of a regular life, and have suitable acquaintance with the princi- 
ples of the Christian religion ; that that seal be not set to a blank, and 
that such be not admitted to visible church relation that are manifestly unfit 
for it. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. 

19 dai/, at nine o'clock, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 

Upon reading last year's minutes relating to marriages by licenses, it is 
supposed there may be some exempt instances wherein the restraints of that 
act may be found too severe. The S3'nod therefore order, that each particu- 
lar Presbytery shall have full liberty to determine upon, and direct in such 
exempt cases as they shall think convenient ; provided always, that no min- 
ister within our bounds shall be allowed to marry by license any members of 
our established congregations, or others known to be of our communion, with- 
out certificates from the minister of such congregation ; or in case of the 
absence of the minister, or of the congregation being without a minister, from 
some other substantial persons, that such marriage is regular, and that there is 
no just bar in the way of it. And the Synod do recommend it to all their 
members that shall be exempted by their Presbyteries and allowed to marry 



116 MINUTES OF THE [1735. 

by licenses, to use the greatest caution that they do not countenance any clan- 
destine marriages, and especially that they do not marry any that they have 
reason to suspect to go contrary to the minds of their parents and guardians in 
seeking it. 

Ordered, That the account of the fund be brought in before the conclusion 
of this Synod. 

The affair of Mr. Gelston's suspension coming under consideration, and 
there being not time enough to issue it at present, the further consideration of 
it deferred till our nest scdrriint. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded -with prayer. 

At three o'cIocJc, P. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 

The affair of Mr. Gelston reassumed ; and the Synod having with all seri- 
ousness considered the affair of Mr. Gelston, who has for some time past been 
under suspension by the Presbytery of New Castle, which was the last year 
continued by the Synod ; they observe to their great sorrow, that since his 
suspension there are various and loud reports of his scandalous behaviour in 
the High-Lands of New York, which we have too much reason to fear there is 
some foundation for; we cannot, therefore, at present consent to the restoring 
him to the exercise of his ministry, but are obliged to continue his suspension. 
In the mean time we appoint that they that shall be ordered to attend upon the 
ordination of Mr. Tudor of Goshen, do inquire into the truth of these reports 
that have been spread abroad with respect to Mr. Gelston's conduct in these 
parts, and to inform the Presbyteries of New Castle and Donegall conjunctly, 
who shall have a discretionary power to restore Mr. Gelston if these reports 
are found false, and Mr. Gelston give them good evidence of sincere repent- 
ance ; otherwise to continue his suspension till the next Synod ; and that the 
persons appointed give Mr. Gelston suitable warning of the time of their 
meeting at Goshen, that he may be present if he sees cause. Approved ne- 
mine contradicente. 

Adjourned to nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

2O//1 day, at nine o'clock, A. 31. p)Ost preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered that the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

The reading of the minutes of the last year being finished, the Synod do, 
according to a foregoing order, enter upon the consideration of the proceedings 
of the commission last April, and order that the account of their proceedings 
be laid before them ; which was done. 

The further consideration of the affair of the commission deferred till Mon- 
day morning. And it is ordered, that Mr. Ilempliill be notified to appear then 
before them if he sees cause, or has any thing to offer unto them. 

A supplication being brought into the Synod from the people of Goshen, 
and also a letter from Mr. Tudor, a candidate of the ministry there, both sig- 
nifying that he is ready to adopt the Westminster Confession of Faith, kc, 
and to submit to Presbyterian rules; and also desiring that the Synod would, 
as soon as possibly may be, send a committee to said place to attend the ordi- 
nation of Mr. Tudor there : The Synod do accordingly appoint Mr. Kobert 
Cross, Mr. Pumry, Mr. Webb, Mr. Nutraan, Mr. John Cross, and Mr. 
(Uialker, to meet at Goshen the last Wednesday of the next month, October, 
to attend said ordination, and Mr. llobert Cross to preside in said affair. And 
the Synod do further appoint for the trials of Mr. Tudor, that he make an 
exegesis in Latin upon that question, an lex naturee sit sujjiriens ad saJutem ? 
and that he preach a popular sermon upon Rom. xi. 6. And the Synod do 



1735.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 117 

order that the congregation be publicly notified of the appointment, by reading 
this minute to them on the preceding Lord's day, that if any persons have 
any thing to object against said proceeding, they may be prepared to lay it 
before the committee. 

Ordered, That the committee of the Synod meet at three of the clock, P. M. 
Concluded with prayer. 

Adjourned to ten of the clock, Monday morning. 

22c? day at ten o'cloch, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the last sederunt be read. 

Upon calling over the roll, it being found that many of the elders have 
gone home without leaving any reasons for their so doing ; the Synod do 
order, that such elders as do withdraw from the Synod without leave, shall be 
left to the censure of their sessions, and report made thereof to the next Synod. 
And the Synod do recommend it to the several congregations to defray the 
necessary charges that their elders be at during their attendance upon the 
Synod. 

The affair of the commission reassumed. 

The Synod having notified Mr. Hemphill, that they intend this day to enter 
upon his affair, and he not appearing but sending a disrespectful and contemp- 
tuous letter in the following words : 

" To the Rev. members of the Synod : 

" By way of answer to the notification which I received Saturday last, I 
have only to observe, that the dispute between the Synod and me being made 
public in the world, which was first begun by the commission, what I have 
at present to offer to the Synod, is contained in an answer to the vindication 
of the reverend commission now in the press, and will be speedily published, 
and that I despise the Synod's claim of authority. Your humble servant, 

" Samuel Hemphill. 

" Monday morning. 

" P. S. I shall think you will do me a deal of honour, if you entirely ex- 
communicate me." 

The Synod, from the consideration of his contumacy in his errors, his dis- 
regard of the censure of the commission, and rejecting our communion, do 
declare him unqualified for any future exercise of his ministry within our 
bounds, and that this be intimated to all our congregations by each respective 
minister. Approved nemine contradicente. 

The brethren appointed to justify the commission against any complaints 
from Mr. Hemphill, if he should publish any such, having complied with the 
commission's order in that matter, are desired by the Synod to continue to 
answer any further publications of Mr. Hemphill's or his friends in that cause, 
if they shall think it necessary. And it is ordered, that the charge of it shall 
be defrayed out of the fund. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o^cloclc, P. M. post preces sederunt qui svpra. 

The minutes of the last sederunt ordered to be read. 

An overture being brought into the Synod from Mr. Hook, Mr. Stevenson, 
Mr. Jamison, and Mr. Martin, desiring that they might be set off from New 
Castle Presbytery and erected into a Presbytery of themselves ; the Synod do 
agree that they become a Presbytery under the name of the Presbytery of 
Lewis-Town, and do order them to meet and constitute the 19th day of No- 
vember next, at Lewis-Town. 

Upon a motion made by a member, the Synod do agree that if any of our 



118 MINUTES OF TIIE [1735. 

members shall see cause to prepare any thing for the press upon any contro- 
versy in religious matters, that before such member publish what he hath thus 
prepared, he shall submit the same to be perused by persons to be appointed 
for that purpose, and that Messrs. Andrews, Dickinson, Robert Cross, Pem- 
berton, and Pierson, be appointed for this purpose in the bounds of the Synod 
to the northward of I'hiladelphia; and Messrs. Anderson, Thomas Evans, 
Cathcart, Stevenson, and Thomson, in the bounds of the Synod southward of 
Philadelphia. Any three of each committee to be a quorum. Approved. 

An overture from — — , humbly oflFered to the consideration of the reverend 
Synod. 

The present state of the church of Christ, in respect of the great and almost 
universal deluge of pernicious errors and damnable doctrines that so boldly 
threaten to overthrow the Christian world, doth, we think, afford matter of 
very deep and serious exercise unto all considering persons, who have the 
interest of our Lord's kingdom at their heart ; and were it not for the sure, firm, 
and comfortable promises contained in the infallible records of truth, the pre- 
sent appearance of things might be thought to presage a most fatal subversion 
of the kingdom of our Lord, by the success of the kingdom of darkness against 
it, and so discourage and dispirit the hearts of the true friends and loyal sub- 
jects of our exalted Lord. Put blessed be his name, he is still King in Zion 
and to the ends of the earth, and will not suffer this so grievous an evil to pre- 
vail one handsbrcadth further nor one minute longer than the measure and time 
appointed for it; for known unto God are all his works from the creation of 
the world. 

However, it would seem that the present obvious state of things doth call 
for something at our hands, more than in a time of prevailing truth and purity 
in the church. It should seem that when so many wolves in sheep's clothing 
are invading the flocks of Christ every where in the world, we who are pas- 
tors by office and station should exert ourselves in an active and vigilant man- 
ner for the safety and preservation of our flocks committed to our care, from 
the assaults of these devouring monsters that are numerous abroad in the 
world. Surely the late bold assault that hath been made upon us, though 
blessed be God, without the desired and expected success, as yet, should put 
us to our arms and excite us with care and diligence to put ourselves in a pos- 
ture of defence against all future attempts. 

To this purpose we would humbly propose the following overture as an 
expedient to prevent the evil of such attempts, viz : That seeing we are likely 
to have the most of our supply of ministers to fill our vacancies from the north 
of Ireland, and seeing it is too evident to be denied and called in question, that 
we are in great danger of being imposed upon by ministers and preachers from 
thence, though sufficiently furnished with all formalities of Presbyterial cre- 
dentials, as in the case of Mr. 11 11 ; and seeing also what was done last 

year may be done this year and the year following, viz : we are still liable to 
bo imposed upon by such credentials ; upon these and the like considerations, 
■we humbly overture to this reverend Synod, to make an order to the following 
purpose : 

1st. That no minister or probationer coming in among us from Europe, be 
allowed to preach in vacant congregations until first his credentials and recom- 
mendations be seen and approven by the I'resbytery unto which such con- 
gregation doth most properly belong, and until he preach with approbation 
before said Presbytery, and subscribe or adopt the Westminster Confession of 
Paith and Catechisms, before said I*resbytery, in manner and form as they 
have done; and that no minister employ such to preach in his pulpit until he 
see his credentials, and be satisfied, as far as may be, of his firm attachment 
to said Confession, &c., in opposition to the new upstart doctrines and 



1735.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 119 

schemes, particularly such as we condemned in Mr. H ll's sermons. And 

lest some strangers might suffer by the rigorous observation of this order, let 
it be thus qualified, viz : That the moderator and two of the members of each 
Presbytery be appointed as a standing committee to act presbyterially in that 
aflfair as there may be occasion, and to be accountable to their respective Pres- 
byteries. 

2dly. That no congregation be allowed to present a call to any such minister 
or probationer coming in among us, though never so well certified, until he have 
preached at least one full half year within the bounds of this Synod. 

3dly. That no congregation be allowed to present a call to any minister or 
candidate whatsoever, unless some of the brethren, members of the Presbytery 
unto which said congregation doth belong, have been present with said people 
to concur with them and moderate in said call, having been pi-eviously appointed 
thereunto by the Presbytery, and that no minister take upon him to moderate 
in such a case without such an appointment. 

4thly. That no student be received to enter upon trials, in order to his li- 
censing to preach, until he first repair unto the dwellings or lodgingS of at least 
most of the ministers of the Presbytery to which he offers himself, and thereby 
give them an opportunity to take a view of his parts and behaviour. 

5thly. That the Synod would bear testimony against the late too common, 
and now altogether unnecessary practice of some Presbyteries in the north of 
Ireland, viz : their ordaining men to the ministry sine titulo, immediately before 
they come over hither, thereby depriving us of our just rights, viz : that we 
unto whom they are designed to be co-presbyters, and among whom they design 
to bestow their labours, should have just and fair inspecting into their qualifi- 
cations ; we say that it seems necessary that the Synod bear testimony against 
such practice by writing home to the General Synod, thereby signifying our 
dissatisfaction with the same. And further, that in said letter or writing to the 
General Synod of Ireland, that we earnestly desire, that when ministers or pro- 
bationers are about to come from thence to us, they would besides their Pres- 
byterial credentials, procure also private letters of recommendation from some 
brethren there, who are well known to some of our brethren here, to be firmly 
attached to our good old principles and schemes, inasmuch as the instance of 

Mr. H 11, and some other considerations to the same purpose, make us 

afraid lest we may again be imposed upon by men of his stamp, though furnished 
with all the formalities of Presbyterial credentials. The Synod do agree that 
no minister ordained in Ireland sine titulo, be for the future received to the ex- 
ercise of his ministry among us, until he submit to such trials, as the Presby- 
tery among whom he resides, shall think proper to order and appoint. And 
that the Synod do also advertise the General Synod in Ireland, that the ordain- 
ing any such to the ministry sine titulo, before their sending them hither for the 
future, will be very disagreeable and disobliging to us. And the Synod ap- 
point 3Ir. Robert Cross, Mr. Thomson, and 3Ir. Houston, to send the above 
overture and appointment to the General Synod in Ireland, inclosed in a proper 
letter unto them. 

Adjourned to nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

23c? day, at nine o'clock, A. 31. post jn-eces sederunt qui supra. 

A reference coming into the Synod from the Presbytery of East-Jersey, 
complaining of John McNeal's disingenuous conduct in relation to the settle- 
ment of Mr. Chalker in Bethlehem, and a supplication from said McNeal, 
containing several complaints against said Presbytery, in reference to their 
conduct in that affair, with several other papers from several parties concerned 



1*20 MINUTES OF THE [1735. 

therein, ^vhich were read, and all parties being heard what they had to offer, 
they were removed. And the Synod entering upon the consideration of the 
affair, do agree that Messrs. Thomson, Thomas Evans, Treat, and Martin, do 
meet and prepare an overture upon the whole, and bring it in to the Synod as 
soon as possible. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. 

At three of the clock, P. M. postprcces sederunt qui supra. 

The members appointed to bring in an overture upon the affair of John 
!McNeal above mentioned, did accordingly do it; and the Synod, after much 
discourse, do agree in the following particulars. 

1st. That from what appears to us, the jealousies which John McNcal had 
conceived concerning Mr. Chalker, as being averse from conforming to the 
order of the Synod in respect of our adopting the Westminster Confession, 
were altogether groundless. 

2dly. It* appears more than probable, that these groundless jealousies too 
industriously spread and propagated among the people of Wallkill, have been 
a principal cause of all the difference which hath fallen out between them and 
31r. Chalker. 

3dly. That John McNeal hath acted a very disingenuous and sinful part, 
in seeming to concur with and approve of the motion of ordaining Mr. Chalker 
at New York, and then immediately after to practise upon the people of Wall- 
kill at home, to discourage them from adhering to their formerly declared 
desires of having Mr. Chalker settled among them. The degree of censure to 
be a rebuke from the Moderator. 

4thly. That as we can see no ground of charging the people of Bethlehem 
or Mr. Chalker with breaking of covenant with the people of Wallkill, so we 
are of the mind that what of that kind the people of Wallkill were guilty of, 
which principally appears in their letter or remonstrance to the Presbytery, 
was chiefly if not wholly owing to John McNeal's industrious spreading his 
jealousies as above, and possessing the people of Wallkill with them. 

5thly. That seeing Mr. Chalker did transport his family from Long-Island 
to the High-Lands, being encouraged thereto by the people of Wallkill, as 
well as Bethlehem, with a view of being fixed as pastor of both congregations ; 
therefore we judge that in justice, that people are obliged to contribute accord- 
ing to agreement, to the discharging the expenses of said transportation, be- 
sides satisfaction for the supplies which he gave. And we earnestly exhort 
said people to comply with the design of this minute, that so they may clear 
their own way, for their being regularly provided with a minister as their cir- 
cumstances will afford, which we judge they are not qualified for, until they, 
or as many of them as will be a competent congregation, fit to join in the call- 
ing of a minister, shall comply with this order; yet, in the mean time, we 
judge them capable of being supplied by preaching, and not to be excluded 
from sealing ordinances. We also earnestly exhort them to lay aside all their 
jealousies and prejudices arising therefrom, and cordially accept of Mr. Chalker 
for their pastor, according to the first agreement, until such time as they may 
be in a better condition to support a minister of their own. 

(jthly. The Synod do also think the Presbytery was too hasty in their pro- 
ceeding to jMr. Chalker's ordination in so short a time after the presentation 
of his call and trials, and cannot approve of its being performed at such a dis- 
tance from the people where he was to officiate. 

The abovementioued rebuke was given by the moderator, according to order, 
and said McNeal professed submission to it. 

A supplication being brought in by the people of Gloucester, representing 



1735.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 121 

their sad and deplorable circumstances, and desiring the Synod to provide them 
a minister and some supplies, the Synod recommended it to the consideration 
of the Presbytery of Philadelphia to look after that affair, and use their dili- 
gence to send for a minister for them as speedily as they can, and in the mean 
time to provide them all possible supplies. 

A supplication being brought into the Synod from one part of the Presby- 
terian congregation of Philadelphia, desiring Mr. Ptobert Cross to be granted 
them for their minister, with another paper to strengthen the supplication ; 
and also another supplication from another part of said congregation, desiring 
Mr. Jonathan Dickinson to be their minister ; the Synod not having time to 
issue that affair at the present, do defer the consideration of it till to-morrow 
morning. 

Adjourned to nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

2Ath day^ at nine o^ clock, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

A supplication being brought into the Synod by John Boyd, by way of an 
appeal from the Presbytery of Donegall, in a complaint against Samuel Jack j 
the Synod do commit it to Messrs. Andrews, Treat, David Evans, Gillespie, 
Houston, and Thomas Evans, to go to the Upper Octorara the last Tuesday 
of October, and consider and determine of the business, and that any three of 
these to be a quorum ; and it is recommended to the ministers to take elders 
with them if they can. 

The Presbytery book of Donegall was brought in and approved. 

The affair of Philadelphia reassumed, and after much discourse upon the 
affair, the further consideration of it deferred till next sederunt. 

The west part of Hanover having applied to the Synod for the ordination 
of Mr. Cleverly, the Synod do order it to be left to the Presbytery of Phila- 
delphia. 

The persons appointed to bring in a letter to be sent to the Synod of Ireland, 
brought in said letter and it was approved. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'cloch, P. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The letter to Col. Ogden to be brought in by Messrs. Pemberton and Dick- 
inson, was brought in and approved. 

An account of the fund was brought in according to a foregoing order, and 
the sum total found to be five hundred twenty-four pounds, eighteen shillings 
and five pence. 

The affair of Philadelphia reassumed, and a new supplication being brought 
into the Synod from that part of the congregation which desired Mr. Cross 
for their minister, desiring to be erected into a new congregation, capable to 
call a minister for themselves ; the motion being entirely new to the Synod, 
and the parties not being prepared to go on in that matter, they do defer the 
consideration of it till to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till eight of the clock to-morrow morning. 

Concluded with prayer. 

25th day, at eight d clock, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of Philadelphia reassumed. John Frame produced the subscrip- 
tion of a considerable number of hands to the supplication put in yesterday, 
and all parties were heard what they had to say at length, in reference to the 
16 



122 MINUTES OF THE [1736. 

whole affair, and they being removed, the Sj-nod spent considerable time in 
debate upon the affair, and at last agreed that it should be put to the vote, 
a new erection or not; and it was carried in the affirmative by a great majo- 
rity. Mr. John Smith, of Bethlehem, in the High-Lands of New York, de- 
sired that his dissent might be entered in our minutes. 

The Presbytery book of Philadelphia was brought in and approved. 

Adjourned till two o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At tico of the clocli, P. 31. Post jyreces sederunt qui supra. 

A motion being made by some members of the congregation of Philadel- 
phia, showing their great dissatisfaction at the judgment of the Synod in erect- 
ing them into two separate congregations, and desiring they would review the 
affair, the Synod having reasoned much upon the matter at last came to agree 
that the judgment should be reviewed ; and, accordingly, the Synod, in order 
to their obtaining of more light, took occasion to discourse with several per- 
sons of both parts of the congregation, and then all parties being removed, it 
was put to the vote, whether we should reverse the judgment whereby we 
erected a part of this congregation into a distinct society, and it was carried in 
the negative. Messrs. Dickinson, Pemberton, Webb, Elmer, Chalker, and 
Wales, desired their dissent to be entered in our minutes ; and then, after some 
discourse, the Synod do agree, that the above judgment is not to be under- 
stood as designed to oblige said people to erect themselves now into a distinct 
society, but only that the Synod allow them so to do. And if said people 
shall see cause to continue united with the other part of the congregation as 
heretofore, they are also at their liberty. The Synod do also agree, that if 
said new erected congregation shall think fit to put the above granted liberty 
of being erected, into practice, then they are to notify the moderator of the 
commission, who upon such notification is hereby ordered to call the commis- 
sion together as soon as conveniently may be, to order, supplies for said new 
erection, and to give them directions as they shall judge meet for their being 
provided with a minister. 

Adjourned to the third Wednesday of next September. 

Concluded with prayer. 

1736. 

At a meeting of the Synod, 

Ihr. 15, 1730. Uhi post jifcces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Thomas Craighead, Jedidiah Andrews, John Thomson, 
James vVnderson, Richard Treat, Joseph Houston, Robert Cathcart, Adam 
Boyd, Robert Cross, Robert Jamison, Ebenezer Goold, Hugh Stevenson, Hugh 
Carlisle, .James Martin, William Bertram, Alexander Craighead, John Paul, 
William Tennent, William Tennent, junior, David Evans. 

Elders: Messrs. William (Jray, Andrew Hamilton, James Cook, Charles 
Hufty, Robert McCleland, William Mitchell, John Allen, James Calbreath, 
William Sharron, Richard Walker, John Henderson, Daniel Wescott. 

IMinisters absent: Messrs. Cillespie, Purary, Dickinson, Pierson, Webb, 
Pemberton, Hubbell, Horton, John Cross, Chalker, Gilbert Tennent, Blair, 
Wales, Morgan, Thomas Evans, Hook, Hutchinson, Conn, Orme, Glascow, 
Nutman. 

Mr. Adam Boyd chosen moderator, and Mr. John Thomson clerk. 

Mr. Robert Cross, last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon on 
1 Cor. iii. U. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, at eight of the clock. 



1736.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 123 

16 day, at eight of the clock. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

It being reported by the Presbytery of Donegall, that Mr. Orr having ob- 
tained a dismission from his congregation, did soon after disorderly desert the 
bounds of that Presbytery as a fugitive of discipline, it is ordered, that his 
name be rased out of the catalogue. 

No reasons appeared for Mr. Gilbert Tennent's last year's absence. 

Mr. Hook sent a letter of excuse for his absence, which was not sustained. 

The members of that Presbytery are ordered to intimate to Mr. Hook that 
if, for the future, he shall absent himself in like manner, unless his reasons be 
more weighty, he will be noticed with more severity. 

No reasons appeared for Mr. Hubbell's absence last year, nor for Mr. Gil- 
bert Tennent's and Pumry's. 

lleasons for Mr. Pierson's, Mr. Gilbert Tennent's, Blair's, Morgan's, Thomas 
Evan's, absence now, were sustained. 

Messrs. Anderson, Thomson, Andrews, Jamison, Houston, Robert Cross, and 
the moderator, be a committee for the fund, and any other business the Synod 
shall recommend to them. 

The Presbyterial books of the Presbyteries of New Castle, Donegall, Lewis, 
and East Jersey, were not brought. 

Mr. Cathcart, and Mr. Tennent, junior, ordered to revise the Presbytery 
book of Philadelphia. 

Messrs. Thomson, Anderson, Houston, Cathcart, Martin, Alexander Craig- 
head, William Tennent, senior and junior, report that they have brought 
something for the fund. 

The Synod taking notice that whatever members of the Synod bring to the 
fund those years wherein they attend the Synod, there is no care taken by any 
of them to procure and send any contributions thereunto those years in which 
they are absent ; and in order to make up this defect, the Synod orders that 
every Presbytery within our bounds, oblige their respective members to be 
provided with their respective contributions in due season, before the meeting 
of the Synod yearly, in order that if any of their members should be neces- 
sarily absent from the Synod, their contributions may, notwithstanding, be 
sent to the Synod. 

Messrs. Andrews, Anderson, Thomson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pemberton, 
Pierson, Thomas Evans, Robert Cross, Martin, and the moderator, are ap- 
pointed to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

The Presbytery of Donegall report that Mr. Alexander Craighead was last 
winter ordained to the work of the ministry, and at that time did adopt the 
Westminster Confession of Faith, &c. ; and also, both he and Mr. John Paul, 
lately from Ireland, having now heard the several resolutions and acts of the 
Synod in relation to the adopting said Confession, &c. did, before the Synod, 
declare their agreement thereunto. Also Mr. John Madowell, a probationer 
from Ireland, producing his credentials from the Presbytery of Temple Pat- 
rick, and session of Dunagor, together with various letters of recommendation 
from several brethren of note in the north of Ireland, all which were sustained 
and approven, and accordingly he was received by the Synod as a probationer, 
and recommended to the kind entertainment and encouragement of any Pres- 
bytery within our bounds to which he may be disposed to oifer himself. 

Ordered, That an account of the fund be brought in before the end of the 
session. 

The members who were appointed last year by the Synod to inquire into 
the scandalous reports of Mr. Gelston's misbehaviour in the High-Lands of 
New York, did as appointed, and sent an account of what discovery they 
could make of those matters to the Presbyteries of Donegall and New Castle, 



12-1 MINUTES OF THE [1736. 

who some time after met, and did take off the suspension from IMr. Gelston 
and restore him again to the exercise of his ministry. Mr. Cross also, toge- 
ther with the members of the committee appointed to take Mr. Tudor's trials, 
viz. Messrs. Pumry and Chalker, &c. did meet according to appointment, but 
did not ordain said Mr. Tudor, because of his insufficiency. Mr. Webb, Mr. 
Nutman, Mr. James Cross, being appointed members of said committee did not 
attend. 

The Presbytery of Lewis did erect themselves according to order of Synod 
last year. 

It is reported by the Presbytery of Lewis that Mr. Patrick Glasen, after 
passing through ordinary trials, and adopting the Westminster Confession, 
&c. was licensed to preach the gospel, and in pursuance of a call from the peo- 
ple and congregation of Monokin, in Somerset, in Maryland, and after the 
usual steps and trials in such cases, and a reported declaration of his adopting 
the Westminster Confession, &c. he was ordained a minister of the gospel and 
pastor of said people of Monokin. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



At tliree of the dock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qxii supra. 

The account of the fund not yet brought in. 

It is reported by the members of New C;istle Presbytery that Mr. Andrew 
Archbold being under a fama damosa of uucleanness with a certain young 
woman of his own congregation, and the Presbytery meeting, pro re nata, ou 
that occasion, and not having light to come to a judgment at first, appointed 
therefore another meeting the week following, to in([uiro further into the truth 
of said report, but Mr. Archbold not appearing to justify himself, and a depo- 
sition of another young woman in the neighbourhood signifying that she was 
with child by him, with many other presumptions of guilt ; upon this the 
Presbytery laid him under suspension until he should appear and justify him- 
self, since which time he hath wholly absconded. 

The committee appointed to meet at Upper Octorara to inquire into the 
merits of an appeal of John Boyd, of said Octorara, from the judgment of the 
Presbytery of Donegall, did meet according to appointment, and produced the 
minutes of their proceedings in that affair, which were read and approved, and 
ordered to be kept in rctentis. 

The proceedings of the commission of the Synod, which met here in June 
last to act in the affair of the new erected congregation in this city, are ordered 
to be inserted into our minutes, and are as foUoweth.* 



• At a commission of the Synod held at Philadelphia, 

On the \llh day of June, 1736. Post preces sederunt. 

Messrs. Robert Cross moderator, .John Thomson, James Anderson, and Thomas Evans, 
members present. Thomas Evans chosen clerk. 

Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Thomas Craighead, George Gillespie, Jonathan Dickinson, 
Ebeuezer Pemberton, and John Pierson, absent. 

A letter of excuse being come to hand from Messrs. Dickinson, Pierson, and Pember- 
ton, for their absence, was read, and the reasons of their absence sustained. 

The commission now meetinji, at the instance of the people allowed to form themselves 
into a new erection, it was ordered, that the minutes of our Synod relating to said erec- 
tion, be read, which was done. 

A supplication from the said erection, or separate society, in Philadelphia, being pre- 
sented to the commission, wherein representing the unsuccessfulness of the endeavours 
they had hitherto used in order to a re-union with the other part of the congregation, 
they requested for supplies. The commission judging that a re-union of said separate 



1736.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 125 

The appointments of the Synod in reference to supplying the new erection, 
were fulfilled. 

A supplication from the people of the new erection in this city desiring us 
to appoint one of our members to moderate in their drawing up a call to 

society ■with the rest of the congregation, if it could be possibly obtained on satisfactory 
terms to both parties, is much more desirable, as things now appear, thought it expedient 
to defer the consideration of said request for supplies, until some proper measures be 
taken to make a trial towards the desired re-union. Accordingly, upon our signification 
of this our mind to the party present, and our pressing them to do their part towards 
said re-union, they condescended so far as to declare a willingness to have a conference 
with the other part of the congregation on that head. Upon which it was agreed, in 
order to obtain said conference, that Messrs. Cross and Evans should acquaint Mr. An- 
drews, and some of the principal members of the other part of the congregation, with 
our desire of the same, and that every member of the commission should use their en- 
deavours as opportunity oifers towards effecting said union. 

Adjourned till ten of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

18th day, at ten of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Mr. Craighead being now present gave the reasons of his absence yesterday, which 
were sustained. 

Upon reading yesterday's order of acquainting Mr. Andrews, and some others of his 
now congregation, with our desire of using endeavours in order to make trial for the 
aforesaid re-union, the moderator reported that he and Mr. Evans had been with Andrews 
as appointed, and that Mr. Andrews heartily approved of the design, and accordingly 
fell in with it so far as to offer to propose the same to the members of his committee, 
which he did, and they, upon Mr. Andrews's motion, met, and after some conference 
among themselves about the matter, the result they came to was sent in writing to Mr. 
Andrews, in order to acquaint us with the contents thereof, the copy whereof is as fol- 
loweth, viz. 

Philadelphia, June \8th, 1736. 
The committee thinks it very strange that the commission of the Synod, who were 
called here without the knowledge of the committee, should send any messages to the 
committee concerning the uniting the two little congregations of Presbyterians in this 
city, (though a thing much to be desired by all good men,) because the committee have 
lately been informed that the sole business of the commission now was to appoint minis- 
tei-s to preach to the congregation which the Synod most deliberately gave leave to sepa- 
rate and make a new erection. And the committee are also informed that the said con- 
gregation have provided a place which they are at this time fitting up for their purpose, 
and it is still more strange, considering the major part of the commission were the most 
active in contriving and bringing about the separation, notwithstanding some members 
of the committee pleaded so much against it, and showed such a dislike to their proceed- 
ings. And the committee are of the opinion, that they should not interfere with an affair 
belonging to another congregation. 

A copy of the result of the committee sent by John Snowden, William Gray, William 
Spafford, George Sharswood, Thomas Powell, Edward Shippen. 

The commission having read and considered the above result, do judge the import 
thereof to be, that the committee does look upon those persons who were allowed by the 
last Synod to erect themselves into a separate society, to be a distinct congregation from 
them, and therefore decline to have any conference with them in order to re-union. 

The commission having deliberately considered the circumstances of the whole affair, 
do conclude that, (at least at present,) there is no probability of a re-union between the 
old congregation of this city and the new erection, and therefore do conclude that our 
way is now clear to order supplies to the said new erection, in compliance not only with 
the direction of the Synod in September last to that purpose, but also the earnest and 
repeated desires of said people, they having been industrious to prepare a house for the 
public worship of God among them. 

Adjourned till four of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At four o'clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 
A supplication from the abovesaid new erection, requesting that they might be supplied 



126 MINUTES OF THE [1736. 

a minister, was read, the consideration of which deferred till to-morrow 
moruiug. 

A paper from Mr. Henry Hunter, representing grievances in his present 
condition, and desiring the Synod's advice and assistance in reference thereunto, 
was produced and read, the consideration hereof deferred till to-morrow. 

A supplication from the people of Paxton and Derry to the Synod, is re- 
ferred to the committee of the fund, &c. which is to meet at eight o'clock, to- 
morrow morning. 

Adjourned till ten of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

17 th day, at (en o'clock, postjjveces sederunt qui siqva. 

The account of the fund is not yet brought in. 

The supplication from the new erection in this city came under considera- 
tion, and after some reasoning about the matter, it being put to the vote 
whether their request should be granted, it was carried in the affirmative by a 
great majority, and Mr. Thomson was appointed to moderate and assist that 
people in drawing up a call to any minister about whom they shall agree. 

Mr. Hunter's affair came under consideration, and his paper was read a 
second time. Ordered, That the minutes of the Presbytery of Lewis be 
also read, which was done. Both Mr. Hunter and the members of the Pres- 
bytery of Lewis, offered a great deal in order to clearing the matter. After 
some debates it was moved, that all but members should remove, and then the 
Synod entered upon a serious debate about the whole affair. Mr. Hunter 
being called in and being interrogated, produced his credentials, which were 
known by some persons present to be genuine. It is recommended to Mr. 
Andrews, Mr. Anderson, Mr. Elmer, and Mr. Thomson, to endeavour to 
draw up an overture upon the whole affair, to be brought in against the after- 
noon. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. M. post preces sedei-unt qui supra. 

The account of the fund not yet brought in. 

The members appointed to draw up an overture on IMr. Hunter's affair, 
report that they have not done any thing in that affair, on account that they 
did not agree in their judgments. The further consideration of that affair 
deferred till afterwards. 

An overture of the committee upon the supplication of the people of Paxton 
and Derry, was brought in and is as followeth. That the Synod do declare, 
that inasmuch as we understand that many persons of our persuasion, both 
more lately and formerly, have been offended with some expressions or dis- 
tinctions in the first or preliminary act of our Synod, contained in the printed 

until next Synod by the Rev. Messrs. Robert Cross, James Anderson, and Francis Ali- 
son, or any others whom the commission should think proper. It was ordered, that 
Messrs. Anderson and Cross supply them next Sabbath, and Mr. Cross the next Sabbath 
following, Mr. Alison the four Sabbaths in July, Mr. Paul the three first Sabbaths of 
August, Mr. Black the two last Sabbaths of August, and the first Sabbath of September, 
Mr. (Iross the second Sabbath of September. 

Ordered, That the moderator write a letter to Messrs. Alison, Paul, and Black, to ac- 
quaint them with these apjiointments. 

The people of the new erection being called in, and the above orders being read in 
their hearing, they cheerfully and thankfully acquiesced in the same, and being exhor- 
ted by the moderator to behave themselves christianly, modestly, and humbly, under 
the jiresent encouraging turn of Divine Providence so much in tiieir favour, they were 
dismissed, and the present meeting of the commission concluded with prayer. 



1736.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 127 

paper, relating to our receiving or adopting the Westminster Confession and 
Catechisms, &c : That in order to remove said offence, and all jealousies 
that have arisen or may arise in any of our people's minds, on occasion of 
said distinctions and expressions, the Synod doth declare, that the Synod have 
adopted and_ still do adhere to the Westminster Confession, Catechisms, and 
Directory, without the least variation or alteration, and without any regard to 
said distinctions. And we do further declare, that this was our meaning and 
true intent in our first adopting of said Confession, as may particularly ap- 
pear by our adopting act which is as followeth : All the ministers of the 
Synod now present, (which were eighteen in number, except one that declared 
himself not prepared,) after proposing all the scruples any of them had to 
make against any articles and expressions in the Confession of Faith, and 
Larger and Shorter Catechisms of the Assembly of Divines at Westminster, 
have unanimously agreed in the solution of these scruples, and in declaring 
the said Confession and Catechisms to be the confession of their faith, excep° 
only some clauses in the twentieth and twenty-third chapters, concerning whicH 
clauses the Synod do unanimously declare, that they do not receive these 
articles in any such sense as to suppose the civil magistrate hath a controlling 
power over Synods with respect to the exercise of their ministerial authority, 
or power to persecute any for their religion, or in any sense contrary to the 
Protestant succession to the throne of Great Britain. 

And we hope and desire, that this our Synodical declaration and explication 
may satisfy all our people, as to our firm attachment to our good old received 
doctrines contained in said confession, without the least variation or alteration, 
and that they will lay aside their jealousies that have been entertained through 
occasion of the above hinted expressions and declarations as groundless. This 
overture approved nemine contradkente. 

An appeal of some of Mr. Tennent's people from the judgment of the Pres- 
bytery of Philadelphia, was brought in and read; together with a supplication 
from said persons to the Presbytery of Philadelphia, and their judgment upon 
It. After that Mr. Tennent, the appellants, and the members of the Presby- 
tery of Philadelphia, were heard at length, at last all parties were ordered to 
remove, and the Synod entered upon a debate upon this affair, and at last 
agreed in the following unanimous judgment, viz : That it appears evident to 
this Synod, that Mr. Tennent having in all respects acted, and been esteemed, 
and looked upon, not only by this Synod, but also by the congregation of 
Neshaminy, and particularly by the appellants themselves, as the minister 
and pastor of the people of Neshaminy, that he is still to be esteemed as the 
pastor of that people, notwithstanding the want of a formal instalment among 
them, (which omission, though the Synod doth not justify, yet it is far from 
nullifying the pastoral relation between Mr. Tennent and said people,) and 
consequently that the Synod doth justify the judgment of the Presbytery of 
Philadelphia in reference to that matter, and that said appellants had no 
just cause of complaining against or appealing from said judgment of the 
Presbytery. 

Mr. Bertram is allowed to depart on account of his indisposition. 
The committee ordered to meet at eight o'clock, to-morrow morning. 
Adjourned till ten of the clock, to-morrow mornin<y. 
Concluded with prayer. 

I^th day at ten o'clock, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 
The account of the fund not yet brought in. 

Mr. Hunter's affair reassumed, and after much discourse and several ques- 
tions asked at Mr. Hunter, together with his answers being heard, and Mr. 



128 MINUTES OF THE [1736. 

Hunter and all but members being removed, the Synod entered upon a serious 
debate about what we have heard, and after spending considerable time, at 
last it was agreed that Mr. Thomson and Mr. Cross shall each endeavour to 
prepare an overture upon this affair, to be brought in, in order to be approven 
against the afternoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At 3 o'clock, P. 31. post jireces sedemnt qui supra. 

The affiiir of the fund continued. 

The affair of Mr. Hunter reassumed, and 3Ir. Cross and Mr. Thomson 
brought in their overtures, which were very parallel, and the substance as 
approved by the Synod was as followed. 

The Synod having maturely weighed and considered the following particu- 
lars, viz : 

1. That Mr. Henry Hunter has his credentials from the Presbytery of 
Antrim, which has separated from the Synod of Ireland, and with whom 
we have no communion, when he might have easily applied to other Presby- 
teries. 

2. That he brought with him thence a certain instrument in writing, de- 
claring him capable of administering the sacraments of the New Testament ; 
when he himself acknowledges that he was not set apart to the work of the 
ministry by the imposition of hands or any of the rites of ordination. 

3. That he acknowledges the design of getting the above instrument or cer- 
tificate was, that if he should meet with any people of his principles that 
would entertain him as their pastor, he would have accepted the pastoral 
charge of them under that circumstance. 

4. That when Mr. Hunter was asked before the Synod, whether he had any 
other papers or certificates besides that of his license, he said he had none, and 
yet afterwards owned he had the abovesaid paper or instrument. 

5. That it appears probable to the Synod, that he had been forming a 
design, and that money hath been given for him to go to the Bishop of Lou- 
don for ordination. These things, together with the great prevarication he 
hath been guilty of, and the disregard he hath shown to our discipline and 
government, and the ground we have to suspect his principles, have deter- 
mined the Synod to come to the following conclusion, viz : not to receive or 
entertain the said 3Ir. Hunter as a probationer or minister among us at present. 
Approved nemine contradicente. 

The above judgment being read unto Mr. Hunter, he applied unto the 
Synod for advice how to behave under his present circumstances ; to which 
the moderator replied in the name of the Synod, that they would give him an 
answer against Monday next. 

A call from the new erection of this city to the llev. Mr. Ilobert Cross, 
together with a supplication to the Synod, containing their reasons or argu- 
ments to move the Synod to concur with the design of said call, were read, 
and the consideration hereof is deferred until Monday morning, at ten of the 
clock. 

The committee for the fund to meet at nine o'clock on Monday morning. 

Adjourned till ten of the clock on Monday morning. 

Concluded with prayer. 

20th day at 10 ochch, A. 31. Post 2>reccs sederunt qui sujira. 

The account of the fund is brought in, and it amounts to the sum of five 
hundred forty-one pounds and nine pence. 

An overture coucoruiug the fund was brought iu by the committee, and 



1736.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 129 

unanimously approved, and is as follows : that the committee for the fund meet 
after the breaking up of the Synod, in order to consult upon a method for the 
better securing of the fund, as well as distributing according to the necessity 
of such persons as will apply to them for relief, and to defray necessary charges 
of the press. 

The Synod taking Mr. Hunter's request for advice into consideration, after 
some discourse, agree that the moderator should first admonish him concerning 
his past misconduct, and the occasion of jealousy concerning his principles 
which he has given by his conduct, and inquiring his motives in seeking to 
enter upon the work of the ministry, and advise him for the future to behave 
so as to testify his sense of his misconduct, and his sincere attachment to sound 
principles as well as purposes of a regular walk. 

The affair of the call of Mr. Cross reassumed, and the supplication from said 
people again read. And after some debate, it was agreed that said call should 
be presented to Mr. Cross, and his sentiments concerning it desired by the 
Synod. In answer to which he declared, that he was clearly convinced and 
persuaded in his judgment, as things now appear, that it is his duty to stay 
with the people of Jamaica ; and that he thought the Synod could not deter- 
mine this matter until his people be apprised hereof, and have opportunity to 
declare themselves concerning it. After much and long debating about this 
affair, at last it was agreed that the clerk and Mr. Elmer, each of them by 
himself, should endeavour to prepare an overture upon the affair to be brought 
in, in the afternoon, to be considered by the Synod. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. 31. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Mr. Cathcart is absent without liberty asked or obtained of the Synod. 

Ordered, That the janitor for the future be paid out of the fund. 

The next meeting of the Synod, is appointed to be on the fourth Wednesday 
of May next at Philadelphia. 

An overture upon the affair of Mr. Cross's transportation, was brought in 
and is as followeth. 

1st. That inasmuch as the people of Jamaica, whom we look upon as a party 
principally interested in this matter, have not been yet seasonably apprised of 
it, nor have they had any opportunity to lay in their objections against Mr. 
Cross's transportation to the new erected congregation, the Synod cannot now 
come to a final judgment or declaration herein. And therefore the Synod doth 
defer their judgment concerning it until next meeting of the Synod, and order 
that the people of Jamaica have a copy of our minutes relating hereunto ; that 
they, together with a copy of the reasons advanced by this new congregation, 
be sent unto them, that they may prepare to appear in opposition to said call 
against next meeting, if they think fit. 

2dly. That, in the mean time, Mr. Cross be appointed to supply this people 
two months before the next meeting of the Synod. 

3dly. That the people of this new erection be allowed the nomination of 
ministers or candidates belonging to the Synod for their supply the rest of the 
time, wherein Mr. Cross is not appointed to supply them, and that the Pres- 
byteries unto which such ministers to be appointed to supply this new erec- 
tion do belong, shall appoint supplies in the room of such ministers, while they 
are absent from their respective congregations supplying this. 

4thly. That the Synod shall order supplies to the people of Jamaica during 
the time of Mr. Cross's supplying here, as they shall judge most convenient. 

5thly. Mr. Cross, and whatever other actual minister shall be ordered t-^ 
supply this new erection, shall, as far as circumstances will allow, ad 

17 



130 MINUTES OF THE [1737. 

behave among them, for promoting of their edification publicly and privately, 
as if they stood in a personal relation to them. 

Some reasons for supporting this overture. 

1st. That justice shall hereby be done to both congregations by this neces- 
sary delay. 

2dly. Hereby provision will be made for this congregation as much to their 
desire and edification as possibly can be in such circumstances. 

odly. This Synod will appear to act tenderly and conscientiously, and to 
avoid precipitancy on both hands. 

4thly. During this intervening time, by Divine Providence, the aspect of 
these affairs may be so far altered and cleared, that the Synod may be able to 
determine, both to the edification and satisfaction of all parties concerned. 

Lastly. We think it would be very unsafe at present, finally to determine the 
matter one way or other, lest we should commit a very hurtful mistake. 

The above overture and reasons were approven ncminc contradiccnte. 

And accordingly Mr. Cross is appointed to supply this new erection next 
Sabbath, and as many Sabbaths immediately before our next meeting as will 
complete the above two months. Mr. Pumry is ordered to supply Jamaica the 
second Sabbath of April, Mr. Lamb the fourth Sabbath of April, Mr. John 
Cross the first two Sabbaths in May. 

Mr. Madowell is appointed to supply this new erection the months of Octo- 
ber and November, Mr. Jamison the month of December, Mr. Alison the 
month of January, Mr. Carlile the month of February, Mr. Alexander the 
month of March. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet to-morrow morning, at nine 
of the clock. 

Adjourned till the fourth "Wednesday of May. Concluded with prayer. 

1737. 

According to appointment the Synod met at Philadelphia, 

May Ibth, 1737. Ubi j)ost preccs scdcnint 

Ministers : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, John Thomson, James Anderson, 
Richard Treat, Joseph Houston, Ilobert Cathcart, Adam Boyd, Robert Cross, 
Robert Jamison, Hugh Carlile, James Martin, Johu l^iul, William Teunent, 
Gilbert Tennent, Henry Hook, George Gillespie, Thomas Evans, Samuel 
Blair, Samuel Black, Francis Alison, Patrick Glascow, and Alexander Huch- 
€son. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Thomas Craighead, Ebenezer Goold, Daniel 
Elmer, Hugh Stevenson, William Bertram, Alexander Craighead, William 
Tennent, jun'r., David Evans, Hugh Conn, Johu Orme, David Cowell, Ebe- 
nezer Weld, John Cross, John Pierson, Jonathan Dickinson, Joseph Webb, 
Samuel Pumry, Ebenezer Pemberton, Hubbell, Horton, Chalker, Nutman. 

Elders present : Messrs. William Gray, Thomas Boyd, Philip Tanner, 
Jeremiah Lockery, John Wilson, James Buchanan, iNIatthew Adams, John 
Richcy, Samuel Allen, William McC^ullough, Robert Patton. 

Mr. Hook chosen moderator, Mr. Evans clerk. 

Mr. Boyd, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon on 
2 Cor. iv. 5. 

Adjourned till 9 of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

26 rfoy, at nine o^ clock, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 
Masters Gillespie, Hook, Hucheson, Glascow, and Gilbert Tennent, gave 
reasons for their absence last year, which were sustained. 



1737.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 131 

All the members of the Presbytery of East Jersey, were absent last year 
except Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Pierson, Blair, and William Tennent, jun'r. 
and no reasons given 3 and said members are now also absent, (except Gilbert 
Tennent.) 

Messrs. Thomson, Andrews, Boyd, Treat, Gillespie, Martin, and the mode- 
rator, appointed to be a committee for the Fund, and any other business the 
Synod shall recommend to them. 

The Presbytery books of Lewis, New Castle, and East-Jersey, were not 
brought. Messrs. Alison and Cathcart, ordered to revise the Presbytery 
book of Dunagall, and Mr. Anderson and Mr. Cross, the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fund, it was found 
that Masters Anderson, Thomson, Jamison, Paul, William Tennent, and 
Gillespie, had brought something, which was ordered to be delivered to Mr. 
Andrews. 

Messrs. Anderson, Andrews, Thomson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pemberton, 
Pierson, Robert Cross, Thomas Evans, Boyd, and the moderator, appointed 
to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing, and that if they have 
occasion to meet, they endeavour to have elders with them. 

Messrs. Bertram, David Evans, John Cross, and William Tennent, jun'r. 
sent reasons of their absence, which were sustained. 

It is reported that Mr. David Cowell in the Presbytery of Philadelphia, and 
Mr. Samuel Black in the Presbytery of Dunagall, and Mr. Francis Alison in 
the Presbytery of New Castle, were, after the usual trials, ordained since last 
Synod, and that said persons did all of them adopt the Westminster Confes- 
sion, &c., according to order of Synod. 

Ordered, That an account of the fund be brought in before the Synod 
break up. 

Mr. Cathcart acknowledged his irregularity of departing from last Synod 
without leave, promising better care in that matter for the future, which was 
accepted. 

The appointments of last Synod, with respect to the new erection in Phila- 
delphia and the congregation of Jamaica, were fulfilled. And inquiry being 
made whether there were any representatives or letters from Jamaica, relating 
to Mr. Cross's transportation, it was found that a letter was come which was 
ordered to be brought in, in the afternoon. And the representatives of the 
new erection were ordered to bring in what they had to offer in the after- 
noon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The order with relation to the fund continued. 

Mr. Hunter having petitioned that he might be restored to preach the gos- 
pel of Christ, &c. and we being satisfied of his good and becoming carriage 
and conduct since our last, are willing to give him all due encouragement. 
But considering the judgment of the Synod last year, and the reasons of it, 
we cannot allow the said Mr. Hunter to preach the gospel until he has first 
gone through the ordinary course of trials in some Presbytery belonging to 
this Synod, and the Synod does recommend it to the Presbytery to which he 
may apply, to treat him with all suitable and Christian lenity and tenderness, 
which was approved, nemine contradiccnte. 

The above minute being read to Mr. Hunter he desired time to consider of 
it, which was granted. 

The affair of the new erection at Philadelphia, deferred till to-morrow 
morning. 



132 MINUTES OF THE [1737. 

A reference from the Presbytery of Philadelphia relating to Mr. Morgan's 
suspension coming before us, and after reading the minutes of said Presby- 
tery, with the evidences they grounded their judgment upon, and Mr. Morgan 
having liberty to oifer what he thought fit in his own defence, the afl'air, after 
due consideration, was left to the committee to bring an overture upon it to- 
morrow morning. 

Ordered, That the committee meet at eight of the clock to-morrow morn- 

Adjourned till ten of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

27th day. At ten of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The order respecting the fund continued. 

The committee brought in an overture on Mr. Morgan's affair, which is as 
followcth, viz. 

Overtured, on Mr. Morgan's affair. That inasmuch as it would be both dif- 
ficult and tedious for the whole Synod to make a particular inquiry into the 
whole afi'air, the Synod appoint the Presbyteries of Philadelphia and East 
Jersey to meet as a committee at Maidenhead, and judge of said affair, and 
absolve Mr. Morgan from the censure he lies under, if he appear suitably 
penitvnt, and no new accusations be advanced against him ; and Mr. Morgan 
to continue under suspension until said committee meet, and that at least 
three members of each Presbytery meet as a quorum. The first Wednesday 
of August to be the time of meeting; and it is ordered, that every minister 
do endeavour to bring an elder with him. Approved, ncmine contradicentc. 

Mr. Hunter came in and professed his acquiescence with the Synod's con- 
clusion in his affair. 

The affair of Mr. Cross's transportation reassumed, and a supplication from 
the new erection pressing the accomplishment of it pursuant to their call to 
him, and a letter from the congregation of Jamaica, offering reasons against 
his transportation, being read, together with the minutes of our last on said 
affair, the Synod thought it proper to inquire of Mr. Cross himself what his 
present sentiments were respecting said affair; which being done by the mo- 
derator, he desired liberty to defer giving his answer till the next sederunt, 
which was granted. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three of the clock, P. 31. Post p>^'cces sederunt qui supra. 

The order respecting the fund continued. 

A paper being brought in by Mr. Enoch Armitage, signed by many hands 
of the congregations of Hopewell and IMaidenhcad, requesting, that since Mr. 
Morgan is not likely to be useful any more as a minister among them, from 
his repeated miscarriages, if the Synod should see cause to restore him to his 
ministry, he might not be reinstated as their minister : The Synod came to 
this result, that the people of Hopewell and 3Iaideuhead be left at their liberty 
to entertain Mr. Morgan as their pastor or not, even supposing the committee 
appointed to meet on his affair in August, should see cause to restore him to 
tlje exercise of the ministry; only the Synod enjoins the people to pny to Mr. 
Morgan what arrears are due to him for time past. The above minute approved, 
non Ine contradiccute. 

The affair of 3Ir. Cross's transportation came again under consideration, and 
the representatives of the new erected congregation of this city put in a sup- 
plication which was read, the purport whereof was to invalidate what was 
offered in the supplication from Jamaica : Mr. Cross was desired to give hia 



1737.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 133 

sentiments of this affair, which he did at length, and at last submitted himself 
wholly to the judgment of the Synod, and then, all parties being removed, the 
Synod entered upon a very serious debate about this whole affair, in which 
considerable time being spent, at last after solemn calling upon Grod for light 
and direction in such a momentous matter, it was put to the vote, Transport 
Mr. Cross from Jamaica to Philadelphia or not, and it was carried in the 
affirmative, ncmine confradicenfe. 

A letter was brought in from Mr. Henricus Goetschius to Mr. Andrews, 
signifying his desire, and the desire of many people of the German nation, 
that he might be ordained by order of Synod to the work of the ministry, upon 
which the said Mr. Goetschius was desired to appear before the Synod, that 
they might see his credentials and have some discourse with him ; which being 
done, he produced testimonials from Germany, which were ample and satis- 
factory to the Synod respecting his learning and good Christian conversation ; 
whereupon he was recommended to the care of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, 
to act upon further trials of him, with respect to his ordination, as to them 
should seem fit. 

Ordered, That the committee meet to-morrow morning at eight of the clock. 

Adjourned till tea of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer, 

2Sth day. At ten of the doch, A. 31. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the fund continued. ' 

Upon reading the minutes of the last sederunt respecting Mr. Cross's trans- 
portation, at his request it was ordered, that Messrs. Thomson and Anderson 
write a suitable letter to the congregation of Jamaica, signifying what was done 
in said affair, and bring it in before the Synod break up. 

A supplication from the new erection in this city being brought in and read, 
it was referred to the committee to bring in an overture upon it. 

A supplication from part of the congregation of Neshaminy, containing 
matters of complaint against Mr. William Tennent, and also an answer to the 
several articles of said supplication from another part of the said congregation 
being brought in, and both of them read article by article, and both parties 
heard at length what they had to say, all parties were ordered to remove, and 
some time being taken upon the merits of that cause, Mr. Thomson was ordered 
to draw up an overture on that affair, and bring it in, in the afternoon. 

Mr. Cathcart asked leave to depart, and it was granted. 

Ordered, That the committee meet at three of the clock, P. M. 

Adjourned till four of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At four of the dock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That the account of the fund be brought in next sederunt. 

Upon the affair of Neshaminy overtured. That the reasons advanced by the 
disaffected party of that congregation in their supplication, in justification of 
their non-compliance with the Synod's judgment in relation to them last year, 
and their desire to be freed from Mr. Tennent as their pastor, are utterly in- 
sufficient, being founded, (as appears to us,) partly upon ignorance and mis- 
take, and partly, (as we fear,) upon prejudice. It is therefore ordered, that 
the modei'ator recommend it to said people to lay aside such groundless dis- 
satisfactions, and return to their duty, which they have too long strayed from, 
otherwise the Synod will be bound in duty to treat them as disorderly. Ap- 
proved, nemine contradicentc. 

Overtured, That Mr. Cross's instalment be as soon as conveniently may be 
after his return from Jamaica, and that the Synod on Monday next appoint the 
person that shall iustal him. 



£ 


s. 


d. 


516 


4 


lU 


GO 


19 


11 


11 


00 


3 



134 MINUTES OF THE [1737. 

Ovcrtured, That IMr. Elder supply the new erection the three last Sabbaths 
in June, and the first in July ; Mr. Alexander the other four Sabbaths in 
July, and 3Ir. Curlile the mouth of August, if there be occasion. 

Overtured, That one hundred pounds be allowed out of the fund to enable 
the new erected congregation to build an house of worship, and that said hun- 
dred pounds be paid at the meeting of the next Synod, if sijid congregation be 
obliged to build a meeting-house for themselves ; and that the Synod at their 
meeting consider what is further to be done that way. ]?ut in case the two 
congregations should unite to their mutual satisfaction, that then there be 
only fifty pounds allowed them out of the'fund, towards purchasing a burying 
ground. 

The above overture approved, nemi'ne contradlccnte. 

Adjourned till ten of the clock on Monday morning. 

The committee to meet at eight of the clock. Concluded with prayer. 

oO^A day, at ten of the clocJc, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The account of the fund brought in, and it appears that there is in it antece- 
dent to any disbursements to be made this year : 

Due per bonds, - - - 
Per interest on said bonds, 
In cash, . - - . 

In all, £588 5 U- 

A supplication coming in from Trenton to the committee, desiring that 
something might be allowed to them out of the fund, overtured that five 
pounds be allowed them for this present year, £5 

Overtured, That the janitor have for his service the sum of 1 10 

Pursuant to a supplication from Mr. Black's congregation, over- 
tured that they be allowed the sum of five pounds, 5 

Ovcrtured, That the treasurer have for his service the sum of 6 

The above overtures were approved. 

Mr. William Tennent, senior, having last year supplicated the committee 
to remit him the interest of his bond for four years then past, and the com- 
mittee taking this into consideration, thought it not proper to grant him his 
request, but referred it to the consideration and determination of the Synod ; 
which being now brought into the Synod, and Mr. Tennent renewing his 
petition, they taking it into consideration, agreed to grant his request, the said 
four years' interest amounting to the sum of seven pounds four shillings. 

The Synod, according to the order of Saturday, coming to consider who 
shall instal Mr. Cross to the new erection, do now appoint Mr. Andrews to 
do the same, and that from this time Mr. Cross and said new erection be 
joined to the Presbytery of J'hiladelphia. 

Mr. Anderson and Mr. Thomson brouglit in their letter to the people of 
Jamaica, which was approved, and ordered to be sent to them. 

An overture to be considered by the committee of the Synod. 

Inasmuch as God, who is a God of order, requires in an especial manner, 
that all the affairs of his kingdom on earth should be done decently and in 
order ; and inasmuch as there may be frequent occasion in the course of Divine 
Providence, for the transportation or moving of ministers, or probationary 
preachers, from one Presbytery to another ; for preventing many inconve- 
niences that may ensue upon irregular steps that may be taken on such occa- 
sions, it is humbly proposed as a fit expedient : 



1738.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 135 

First. That no probationer take upon him to preach in any vacant congre- 
gation without the order of the Presbyter}' under whose care he is. 

Secoudly. That no such probationer preach to any vacant congregation 
without the bounds of the Presbytery to which he belongs, until his way be 
cleared thereunto by the order and appointment of the Presbytery under whose 
care and inspection such congregation is. 

Thirdly. That no Presbytery take upon them to appoint such probationer 
to preach within their bounds without Presbyterial credentials, or recommen- 
dations for that purpose from the Presbytery unto which such probationer be- 
longs. 

Fourthly. That no vacant congregation take upon them to invite or en- 
courage any minister, or probationer, to preach among them without the con- 
sent and concurrence of their own Presbytery, nor until such probationer has 
preached before them with approbation. 

Fifthly. That no minister take upon him to invite any minister, or proba- 
tioner, from the bounds of another Presbytery, to preach unto any vacant 
congregation without the advice and concurrence of the brethren of his own 
Presbytery. 

To evince the reasonableness of the above particulars, besides the inconve- 
niences that may ensue upon the neglecting of such an order or method, it may 
be considered that both probationers and vacant congregations are and ought 
to look upon themselves as under the direction and government of their respec- 
tive Presbyteries. That they ought to be ordered, directed, and concurred 
with, by them, in all the steps taken in order to their being settled. 

It is also humbly proposed that the Synod would make an order to inquire 
yearly, at our respective Presbyteries, concerning their observation of the order 
and agreement of September, 1735, in relation to our receiving of ministers 
and preachers from Europe. 

This above overture approved. 

Mr. Barr, in behalf of the new erection of this city, supplicated the Synod 
for their direction and assistance in sending to Great Britain, or Ireland, for 
some assistance of money for them. The Synod agrees to it, and appoints 
Mr. Thomson, Mr. Anderson, Mr. Cross, and the moderator, to assist said 
congregation in said affair. ' 

The Presbytery books of Philadelphia and Donegall were brought in and 
approved. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next, and then to meet at 
Philadelphia, at two of the clock, P. 31. Concluded with prayer. 

1738. 

May the lUh, 1738. 
The Synod met at Philadelnhia according to appointment. 

V h i j^ost preces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, William Tennent, David Evans, 
Daniel Elmer, llichard Treat, Hugh Carlile, David Cowell, George Gillespie, 
Joseph Houston, Robert Cathcart, Francis Alison, Charles Tennent, Jonathan 
Dickinson, John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemberton, Gilbert Tennent, William 
Tennent, junior, John Cross, Samuel Blair, Henry Hook, James Martin, 
Robert Jameson, James Anderson, John Thomson, Adam Boyd, John Paul, 
Alexander Craighead, and Samuel Black. 

Elders : Messrs. William Gray, Richard Walker, James Abraham, James 
Erwin, William Semple, Philip Tanner, Robert Calwell, Robert Finney, 



136 MIXUTES OF THE [1738. 

William McMackin, James McCroy, Ricbard Alison, Andrew Cregg, John 
llobb, John Luckey, William Sherran, Robert McConachy. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Robert Cross, Ebenezer Goold, Eleazer Wales, 
Thomas Evans, Alexander Hutchinson, Joseph Webb, Aaron Rurr, Simon 
Horton, John Nutman, Isaac Chalker, Samuel J^umry, Walter Wilmot, Patrick 
Glascow, Hugh Stevenson, Thomas Craighead, William Bertram, John Orme, 
Hugh Conn. 

Mr. Henry Hook, last year's moderator, opened the Synod by a sermon from 
John xxi. 14. 

Mr. Richard Treat chosen moderator, and Mr. Francis Alison clerk. 

Messrs. Elmer, Cowel, Craighead, Pierson, Dickinson, Pemberton, Horton, 
Webb, and Nutman, gave reasons for their absence last year, which were 
sustained. 

Messrs. Thomson, Andrews, Dickinson, Pemberton, Boyd, Gillespie, Ander- 
son, Martin, and the moderator, appointed for a committee for the fund, and 
any other business the Synod shall recommend to them. 

The Presbytery books of ]jewis and East Jersey were not brought. jMessrs. 
Houston and Hook ordered to revise the Presbytery book of Philadelphia; 
Messrs. Paul and Martin to revise the Presbytery book of New Castle; 
Messrs. John Cross and William Tennent, jun'r, to revise the Presbytery book 
of Dunagall. 

The Presbytery of Long-Island being reduced so that a quorum cannot 
statedly meet about business, it is ordered, that they be united to the Presby- 
tery of East-Jersey, and to be henceforth known by the name of the Presbytery 
of New York. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

25th dai/, at nine o'clock, A. 31. ])Ost preces secJerunt qui supra. 

The Synod taking the state of the fund into consideration, and finding that 
many congregations arc deficient in contributing to so good a design, and that 
ministers have not been so careful as they might be in proposing and endeav- 
ouring that thing, it is unanimously agreed by all the members of the Synod, 
that every minister shall eithcTr seasonably propose the afiair, and read the 
Synod's letter to their respective congregations, and appoint a day for a public 
collection, if there be occasion for such a step to carry on the design, or oblige 
themselves to pay out of their own proper estates ten shillings to the fund ; 
and that every Presbytery take care that their respective members, observe an 
order made in the year 1736, (directing absent members to send collections,) 
and that they, as soon as possible, notify what is now done to all the absent 
members. And seeing that the respective congregations of the Synod contri- 
bute to the fund, and have a right to know how what is collected is disposed 
of and managed, ordered, ncm. con. that there be a minister and an elder out 
of every Presbytery, appointed to be members of the committee for the fund. 
And in pursuance of this order, the following elders are appointed for this year 
in conjunction with the ministers before mentioned, namely, William Gray, 
Robert Finney, Richard Alison, James McCoy. 

Messrs. Anderson, Andrews, Thomson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pemberton, 
Pierson, Robert Cross, Thomas Evans, Boyd, Martin, and the moderator, 
appointed to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing, and that 
they endeavour to bring elders with them if they have occasion to meet, and 
that any five of these members be a quorum. 

It is rei)ortcd that Mr. Charles Teimcnt, in the Presbytery of New Castle, 
Mr. Aaron Burr and Mr. Walter Wilmott, in the Presbytery of New York, 
were, after the usual trials, ordained since the last Synod, and that they did 



1738.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 137 

all of them adopt the Westminster Confession, &c. according to order of this 
Synod. 

Ordered, That an account of the fund he brought in before the Synod 
break up. 

The committee appointed by the Synod to meet at Maidenhead and inquire 
into Mr. Morgan's aifair, met according to appointment, and the minutes of 
their proceedings being read and approved, were ordered to be inserted in the 
Synod book, and they are as follows :* 

A petition with some papers being sent by Mr. Morgan to the Synod, after 
reading the petition, they referred the consideration of said papers to the com- 
mittee. 

It is reported that Mr. Robert Cross was installed since our last, according to 
the Synod's appointment, and that the two congregations in Philadelphia were 
since united. 

It was overtured by some members, that some order should be made to pre- 
vent irregularities that may arise in our churches, by some ministers and pro- 
bationers preaching to vacant congregations without the bounds of their respec- 
tive Presbyteries, without allowance from the Presbytery under whose care the 
said vacant congregations may be. This was debated for some time, and de- 
ferred till next sederunt. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

* " At a meeting of the Presbytery of Philadelpliia and East-Jersey, (being a commit- 
tee appointed by the Synod to transact in the atfair of Mr. Morgan,) ou the first Wed- 
nesday of August, at Maidenhead, 1737, uhl post preces sederunt: Members of the Pres- 
bytery of Philadelphia : Mr. Jedidiah Andrews, Mr. David Evans, Mr. llichard Treat, 
Mr. David Cowell, and Mr. Hugh Carlile. Members of East-Jersey Presbytery : Mr. 
William Tennent, jun'r. Mr. John Nutman, and Mr. Samuel Blair. Elders : John Snow- 
den, David Rhee, Stoffel Longstreat, and Nathaniel Brittin. Mr. Andrews chosen mod- 
erator, and Mr. Treat clerk. Mr. Treat opened the committee by a sermon on John 
xii. 26. The committee entered upon the affair of Mr. Morgan, and read the minute of 
the Synod that commissioned them for said business ; and finding that the terms of Mr. 
Morgan's suspension being taken off were these, viz : There not appearing any new ac- 
cusations against him, and his giving them sensible evidence of his repentance, the com- 
mittee proceeded to inquire whether any new accusations were to be brought in against 
him. Upon which several evidences were given in to the committee, one from AVilliam 
Brittin in writing, and another from Nathaniel Brittin, and another from James Cham- 
bers, viva voce, which were taken down in writing; (which are all kept in retends,) after 
this the committee adjourned to eight o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

"ith day, at eight o'clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

" The affair of l\Ir. Morgan being resumed, the committee proceeded according to di- 
rection to inquire into the signs of his repentance, and after a long conference with him 
in private, the committee entered into a serious debate about the matter, in order to 
come to a judgment. And after much time spent in the business, without coming 
to any conclusion, they adjourned to four of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

«' At four o'clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

"The committee re-entered upon the consideration of Mr. Morgan's affair, and began 
■with a conference again with him. And after Mr. Morgan was withdrawn, they came 
to an inquiry among themselves, what conclusion they could come into about the pre- 
mises ; and after the deepest consideration, and most serious deliberation, they unani- 
mously judged, that inasmuch as some new and express accusations have been brought 
against him since the order of last Synod, and in all our conference with Mr. Morgan, he 
gave us no sufficient evidence of his repentance, but still continues to deny the most 
material and notorious instances of the thiugs formerly proved against him, they cannot 
see cause to take off the suspension, but judge it their bounden duty to continue it as 
before. Concluded with prayer." 

18 



138 MINUTES OF THE [1738. 

At three of the cloclc, P. 31. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

The debate concerning ministers preaching without the bounds of their own 
Presbyteries, to vacancies in the bounds of another Presbytery, without the 
consent of some of the members, was reassumed, and overtured upon it, that no 
minister belonging to this Synod shall have liberty to preach in any congrega- 
tion belonging to another Presbytery whereof he is not a member, after he is 
advised by any minister of such Presbytery, that he thinks his preaching in that 
congregation will have a tendency to procure divisions and disorders, until he 
first obtain liberty from the Presbytery or Synod so to do. This being put to 
the vote, was approved. 

Overtured, That in order to obviate some mistakes, that it is supposed some 
of the members of the Synod were in, with respect to the preceding overture, 
that it be voted that every minister belonging to this Synod, has liberty to 
preach in any vacant congregation where he shall be occasionally and providen- 
tially called, even though he is out of the bounds of the Presbytery to which 
be belongs, unless he be first advised by some minister of such Presbytery, that 
bis preaching there is likely to procure divisions and disorders in such congre- 
gation ; and even when he is so advised by any minister of such Presbytery, he 
may yet preach in such congregation, if by liberty first obtained from such 
Presbytery or from the Synod, but not otherwise. Agreed ncniine contra- 
dicente. 

Inquiry being made of the several Presbyteries, whether they have com- 
plied with an order of Synod touching the admission of ministers or candi- 
dates that come from Europe, it was found that said order has been complied 
with. 

A letter from the Synod of Ireland, was read and referred to the committee 
to consider what is to be done in reference to it. 

Ordered, That the committee meet to-morrow morning, at eight of the 
clock. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, to-morrow. Concluded with prayer. 

2G<^ day, met at ten d'cloch, accordlmj to appointment ^ A. M. Lhi post 
preces sederunt qui sup>ra. 

The afiair of the fund continued. 

Leave being desired by Mr. Elmer and Mr. Evans to depart, it was 
granted. 

Upon the consideration of the letter from the Synod in Ireland, the com- 
mittee brought in this overture, viz : That a respectful letter be wrote to the 
Synod in Ireland in answer to theirs, and brought into the Synod for ap- 
probation. Agreed, and ordered, that Mr. Anderson and Mr. Thomson write 
said letter. 

Upon a supplication of some members of the Presbytery of New York, to 
be erected into a distinct I'resbytery with some of the members of the Pres- 
bytery of l^hiladelphia : Overtured, That their petition be granted, and that 
all to the northward and eastward of Maidenhead and Hopewell unto llaritan 
river, including also Staten-Islaud, Piscatua, Amboy, Bound-Brook, ]>askiug- 
Ilidge, Turkey, Bocksiticus, Minisinks, Pequally, and Crosswicks, be the 
bounds of that Presbytery ; and that the said Presbytery be distinguished by 
the name of the Presbytery of New-Brunswick, and that the time of their 
meeting to be the second Tuesday of August next, at New-]Jrunswick. This 
overture was approved. 

Upon the supplication of John Caldwell, in behalf of himself and many 
families of our persuasion, who arc about to settle in the back parts of A^irginia, 



1738.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 139 

desiring that some members of the Synod may be appointed to wait on that 
government, to solicit their favour in behalf of our interest in that place : Over- 
tured, That according to the purport of the supplication, the Synod appoint 
two of their number to go and wait upon the governor and council of Virginia, 
with suitable instructions in order to procure the favour and countenance of 
the government of that province, to the laying a foundation of our interest in 
the back parts thereof, where considerable numbers of families of our persuasion 
are settling, and that something be allowed out of our fund to bear the charges 
of said brethren who shall be appointed ; and that also provision be made for 
supplying the congregations of said brethren during their absence from them, 
while prosecuting that affair ; and that Messrs. llobert Cross, Anderson, Conn, 
and Orme, prosecute said affair ; and that Messrs. Thomson, Dickinson, and 
Pemberton, prepare instructions for said brethren, and write a letter in the 
name of the Synod to the said government, to be brought in and approved by 
the Synod ; and that the respective Presbyteries take care of these congrega- 
tions during the absence of their pastors. And it is further overtured, that 
these brethren be allowed a discretionary power of using what money they have 
occasion for, to bear their expenses in a manner suitable to this design, being 
accountable to the Synod for their conduct in the whole affair. Approved 
nemine contradicente. 

A supplication from part of the congregation of Pequea was read, desiring 
either to have some part of the labours of Mr. David Alexander, till they be 
judged by the Presbytery of Dunagall to have sufficient ability to support the 
gospel themselves, or to be erected into a congregation and having supplies 
granted them ; their affair was deferred till another year, which we hope will 
have a happy tendency to bring things to a good issue, and till then they are to 
acquiesce in the determination of their Presbytery. Which was approved by a 
great majority. 

The committee to meet at three o'clock. 

Adjourned till four o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At four 0^ clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The order respecting the fund continued. 

Upon a supplication from Mr. Morgan, and some papers of his that were laid 
before the Synod, it is overtured, that inasmuch as Mr. Morgan has given the 
Synod no sufficient evidence of his repentance for the gross scandals laid to his 
charge, and proved against him, they judge that Mr. Morgan continue under 
censure until he give just ground for the removal thereof, either to the Synod 
or the Presbytery of Philadelphia. Approved nemine contradicente. 

The Presbytery book of New Castle approved. 

A remonstrance from Mr. George Gillespie was read, in which he complains 
against the Presbytery of Donagall, for treating Mr. Zanchy, a probationer in 
their bounds, with too much lenity in only rebuking him, and not suspending 
him when he stood charged with compt)sing a discourse in which were gross 
and evident errors, and for sending said notes to Mr. Henry Hunter, who 
preached them to his own overthrow. Upon which the Synod came to the fol- 
lowing conclusion : That though they cannot but greatly condemn and censure 
Mr. Zanchy's conduct, in acting the plagiary in transcribing notes out of printed 
authors, thereby to impose upon the Presbytery, giving them a false view of 
his ministerial powers, and in sending the same notes to another candidate to 
enable him to impose upon his Presbytery in the same manner, as well as for 
his greatest imprudence in sending such heretical notes abroad, whereby most 
dangerous errors came to be vended; yet considering that Mr. Zanchy was 
sharply admonished by his Presbytery, that his trials were sometime stopt, and 



140 MIXUTES OF THE [1738. 

his ordination a considerable time delayed on the account of this, his conduct, wc 
shall now lay no further censure upon him, but judge the Presbytery were de- 
fective in not taking notice in their minutes of his being such a plagiary, or 
censuring him on that account. 

The committee to meet to-morrow morning at eight of the clock. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

11 th day. At nine o^ clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

The Presbytery book of Philadelphia brought in and approved. 

Mr. Gilbert Tennent represented to the committee that there had been dif- 
fering sentiments in some important points of doctrine between himself and 
Mr. Cowell, upon which there had been sundry largo letters passed between 
them, concerning which he desires the 83'nod's opinion. It is overtured, that 
this affair be considered by a committee appointed by the Synod, who shall be 
directed to converse with j\Ir. Tennent and 3Ir. Cowell together, that they may 
see whether they so widely differ in their sentiments as is supposed; and if they 
find that there be necessity, distinctly to consider the papers ; that Mr. Tennent 
and Mr. Cowell be both directed to refrain from all public discourses upon this 
• controversy, and all methods of spreading it among the populace, until the com- 
mittee have made their report to the Synod, and that no other member take 
notice of and divulge the affair. 

The above mentioned committee were Messrs. J. Dickinson, Picrson, Pem- 
berton, Thomson, Anderson, Boyd, and the moderator. 

A supplication from some of the members of the western part of Hanover 
was read, and after some serious and suitable discourse upon it, it was referred 
to Messrs. Thomson and Martin to bring in an overture upon it, against the 
next sederunt. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M., on Monday next. 

Concluded with prayer. 

29^7i day. Met according to apj^ointinent, at three o'clock, P. 31. Ubi post 
preces sederunt qui siqjra. 

Mr. Robert Cross is now present, and his reasons for being absent were 
sustained, and he is now ordered to be a member of the committee for the 
fund. 

The order with respect to the affair of the fund continued. 

An overture was brought in upon the affair between Messrs. Gilbert Tennent 
and David Cowell, by the committee appointed for that purpose, which is as 
follows, viz. The committee having heard Mr. Tennent and Mr. Cowell explain 
themselves upon the debate between them, think it proper to take this affair 
under further consideration, that they may have opportunity to peruse the 
papers that are produced, to give us 9 fuller view of this controversy, that so 
we ma}'^ be prepared to give a report to the next Synod. 

j\Ir. Cross joined to the committee. Approved, nemine contradiccnte. 

Upon the affair of West Hanover, overtured as follows. Upon Mr. Budd's 
representation of the affair of Hanover : Overtured, That, however in a former 
minute relating to West Hanover, we have granted, that solemn obligations 
by lot or othcrise may cease, when by any turn of Providence what is en- 
gaged unto becomes impossible or impracticable, or the end thereof is other- 
wise fully and completely answered, yet it appearing doubtful to us whether 
this be the case of said people in respect of the obligation laid upon them to 
unite or join with the people of East Hanover, by a lot or solemn engage- 



1738.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 141 

ment to submit to the judgment of the committee of the Presbytery of East 
Jersey, who were called to judge in that aifair, the Synod does judge that the 
safest way to come to a final determination of that affair is, that a committee 
be appointed to meet in that place in order to make as exact inquiry as they 
can into the circumstances of that people, whether there really be such a 
change in their case as to cause the above obligation to cease, and either give 
their judgment of this matter, or else represent it as it shall appear to them, to 
the Synod at our next meeting, which they shall judge most meet, and that 
Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, junior, Samuel Blair, David 
Cowell, Eleazar Wales, Jedidiah Andrews, Aaron Burr, John Cross, and 
Richard Treat, be a committee to meet at Hanover the last Wednesday of 
July next, upon the affair, at eleven of the clock, ante meridiem. Approved, 
nemine contradiccnfe. 

A proposal was made by the Presbytery of Lewes to this Synod, which is 
as follows : That this part of the world where Grod has ordered our lot, la- 
bours under a grievous disadvantage for want of the opportunities of univer- 
sities, and professors skilled in the several branches of useful learning, and 
that many students from Europe are especially cramped in prosecuting their 
studies, their parents removing to these colonies before they have an opportu- 
nity of attending the college, after having spent some years at the grammar 
school ; and that many persons born in the country groan under the same pres- 
sure, whose circumstances are not able to support them to spend a course of 
years in the European, or New England colleges, which discourages much, 
and must be a detriment to our church ; for we know that natural parts, how- 
ever great and promising, for want of being well improved, must be marred 
of their usefulness, and cannot be so extensively serviceable to the public, 
and that want of due pains and care paves the way for ignorance, and this for 
a formidable train of sad consequences. To prevent this evil, it is humbly 
proposed as a remedy, that every student who has not studied with approba- 
tion, passing the usual courses in some of the New England, or European 
colleges, approved by public authority, shall, before he be encouraged by any 
Presbytery for the sacred work of the ministry, apply himself to this Synod, 
and that they appoint a committee of their members yearly, whom they know 
to be well skilled in the several branches of philosophy, and divinity, and the 
languages, to examine such students in this place, and finding them well ac- 
complished in those several parts of learning, shall allow them a public testi- 
monial from the Synod, which, till better provision be made, will in some 
measure answer the design of taking a degree in the college. And for 
encouragement of students let this be done, without putting them to further 
expenses than attending. And let it be an objection against none, where they 
have read, or what books, but let all encouragement be only according to merit. 
And 'tis hoped this will fill our youth with a laudable emulation, prevent 
errors young men may imbibe by reading without direction, or things of little 
value, will banish ignorance, fill our infant church with men eminent for parts 
and learning, and advance the glory of Grod, and the honour of our Synod both 
at home and among our neighbours, who conceive a low opinion of us tor 
want of such favourable opportunities. 'Tis further proposed, that all that 
are not licensed to preach the gospel, what university or college soever they 
come from, may undergo the same trials. But inasmuch as this act cannot be 
put in force this year, without discouraging such as may not be apprized of it, 
'tis ordered, that there be two standing committees to act in the above affair 
for this year, one to the northward and the other to the southward of Phila- 
delphia, and that Messrs. John Thomson, George Gillespie, Thomas Evans, 
Henry Hook, James Anderson, James Martin, Francis Alison, be a committee 
for the Presbyteries southward of Philadelphia. And that Messrs. Andrews, 



142 MINUTES OF THE [1738. 

Robert Cross, Gilbert Tennent, Pemberton, Dickinson, Cowell, and Pierson, 
be a committee to the northward. Approved by a great majority. 

The committee to meet at nine o'clock to-morrow, A. M. 

Adjourned till three of the clock to-morroW; P. M. Concluded with 
prayer. 

SOth da)/. At three o'clock, P. M. met accordin<j to appointment. Uhi post 
preces sederunt qui supra. 

The account of the fund brought in, and it appears that there is, antecedent 
to any disbursement to be made this year : 

Principal, .... £.527 4 li 
Interest due, - - - - 36 10 9^ 
Cash, 19 3 5J 

In all, £582 18 4J 

Overtured, That since we shall probably break in upon the capital stock of 
our fund, by the allowance to Philadelphia, and the charge of our messengers 
to Virginia, it be resolved that half our yearly interest be kept in stock, until 
it amount to the sum that by these expenses shall be taken from the capital. 
Agreed. 

The members appointed to draw up the address to the government of Vir- 
ginia, and instructions for the members appointed to go, brought in what they 
had done, which is as follows : 

To the honourable William Gooch, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor of the 
Province of Virginia, the humble address of the Presbyterian ministers con- 
vened in Synod, May 28th, 1738, &c. May it please your honour, we take 
leave to address you in behalf of a considerable number of our brethren who 
are meditating a settlement in the remote parts of your government, and are 
of the same persuasion with the Church of Scotland. We thought it our duty 
to acquaint your honour with their design, and to ask your favour in allowing 
them the liberty of their consciences, and of worshipping God in a way agree- 
able to the principles of their education. Your honour is sensible that those 
of our profession in Europe have been remarkable for their inviolable attach- 
ment to the Protestant succession, in the illustrious house of Hanover, and 
have upon all occasions manifested an unspotted fidelity to our gracious 
sovereign King George, and we doubt not but these our brethren will carry the 
same loyal principles to the most distant settlements where their lot may be 
cast, which will ever influence them to the most dutiful submission to the 
government which is placed over them. This we trust will recommend them 
to your honour's countenance and protection, and merit the free enjoyment of 
their civil and religious liberties. We pray for the Divine blessing upon your 
person and government, and beg leave to subscribe ourselves your honour's 
most humble and obedient servants. 

Which was approved. 

An answer to the letter from the Rev. Synod in the north of Ireland 
was brought in by the members appointed for that purpose, and was ap- 
proved. 

Ordered, That the clerk transcribe the letter, and the moderator sign it. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next, at three of the clock, 
P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



1739.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 143 

1739. 

At a meeting of the Synod at Philadelphia, 

May 28(7, 1739. Ubi post preces sederunt 

Ministers of Donagall Presbytery : Messrs. James Anderson, John Thom- 
son, Adam Boyd, John Paul, Alexander Craighead, Samuel Black, David 
Alexander, John Elder, Richard Zanchy, Absent : Mr. William Bertram, 
Mr. Thomas Craighead. 

New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. George Gillespie, Alexander Hutchinson, 
Robert Cathcart, Joseph Houston, Charles Tennent, Francis Alison. Absent : 
Messrs. Thomas Evans, Hugh Conn, John Orme. 

Lewes Presbytery : Messrs. Henry Hook, James Martin, Robert Jamison, 
John Thomson. Absent : Messrs. Hugh Stevenson, Hugh Carlile, Patrick 
Glascow. 

Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Robert Cross, William 
Tennent, David Evans, Ebenezer Goold, David Cowell, Richard Treat. Ab- 
sent : Daniel Elmer, Joseph Morgan. 

New Brunswick : Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, Samuel Blair, 
Eleazer Wales. Absent : John Cross. 

New York Presbytery : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Ebenezer Pemberton. 
Absent : George Philips, Joseph Lamb, Walter Wilmot, Joseph Webb, Aaron 
Burr, John Nutman, excused, Nathaniel Hubbell, John Pierson, excused, Silas 
Leonard, Isaac Chalker, Samuel Pumry. 

Elders : Matthew Atkinson, Thomas Hope, John Christy, Hugh Barclay, 
John McCutcheon, Jared Graham, Walter Caruth, Alexander White, Hugh 
McQuarter, Robert Smith, John Woodrow, William McCrea, William McKol- 
ough, Henry Perkar, William Gray, John Weir, David Chambers, Thomas 
Worthington. 

Mr. Treat, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon on 
2 Cor. v. 18. 

Mr. James Anderson chosen moderator, and Mr. Robert Cross clerk. 

Messrs. Ebenezer Goold, David Evans, Alexander Hutchinson, Joseph Webb, 
Simon Horton, John Nutman, William Bertram, gave or sent reasons for last 
year's absence, which were sustained. 

Mr. Thomas Craighead removed by death since last Synod. 

Mr. Joseph Webb sent reasons for his absence this year, which were sus- 
tained. 

Messrs. Thomson, Andrews, Dickinson, Pemberton, Boyd, Treat, Gillespie, 
Cross, Martin, and the moderator, appointed a committee for the fund, and other 
business the Synod shall recommend to them. The following elders appointed 
to join with them in the affair of the fund, viz. John Christy, Alexander White, 
Henry Perkar, William Gray, David Chambers. Mr. Samuel Blair added to 
the committee of the fund. 

Messrs. Houston and Jamison appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
Dunagall; Messrs. Black and Elder the Presbytery book of New Castle; 
Messrs. Paul and Cathcart the Presbytery book of Philadelphia; Messrs. Hook 
and Zanchy the Presbytery book of New Brunswick ; Messrs. Alexander and 
Alison the Presbytery book of New York ; Messrs. Cowell and William Ten- 
nent, junior, the Presbytery book of Lewes. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

24:th. nine o'clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fund, it was found 
that Messi-s. Anderson, Thomson, Boyd, Elder, Black, Paul, Craighead, 



144 MINUTES OF THE [1739. 

Zanc'liy, Gillespie, Hutchinson, Catlicart, TTonston, Charles Tonncnt, Alison, 
Hook, 3Iartin, Jamison, Andrews, ^Villiam Tennent, senior, l^avid Kvans, 
Cowell, Treat, Gilbert Tennent, Blair, Dickinson, and Pemberton, had brought 
some ; and IMr. Pierson sent some. 

AMiereas, by order of last Synod absent members were ordered to make col- 
lections in their respective congregations for the future, or if they neglect it to 
forfeit ten shillings out of their own private purse, and we find that Messrs. 
"Wilmot, ]?urr, Leonard, Chalker, Nutman, and Pumry, absent members, have 
not sent collections, iMr. Pemberton and 3Ir. Dickinson are therefore appointed 
to inform them cither to make collections for this year or pay the forfeiture. 
And jMr. Hugh Carlile and Mr. Glascow are to be informed by the Presbytery 
of Lewes of the same ; INIr. Bertram by the Presbytery of Donegall ; Mr. 
Thomas Evans by the Presbytery of New Castle ; and Mr. Elmer by the Pres- 
bytery of Philadelphia. 

Messrs. Andrews, Thomson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pemberton, Pierson, Robert 
Cross, Thomas Evans, Boyd, Treat, Gilbert Tennent, Martin, and the modera- 
tor, appointed to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing, and that 
they endeavour to have elders with them if they have occasion to meet, and 
that any five of the ministers above mentioned be a quorum. 

It is reported that Messrs. Zanchy, Alexander, and Elder, in the Presbytery 
of Donagall, Mr. John Thomson, jun'r. in the Presbytery of Lewes, and Mr. 
Leonard in the Presbytery of New York, were after the usual trials or- 
dained since the last Synod, and that they did all of them adopt the West- 
minster Confession, &c. according to the order of the Synod in that case pro- 
vided. 

Ordered, That an account of the fund be brought in before the Synod 
break up. 

Inquiry being made of the several Presbyteries, whether they have complied 
with an order of Synod, respecting the trial of ministers and candidates coming 
from Europe, it was found they had so done. 

The congregations of Turkey and Bocksiticus, which were included 
last year within the bounds of the Presbytery of New-Brunswick, making 
application to the Synod to be under the Presbytery of New York, it was 
granted. 

Adjourned to. three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. M. post preces sederunt qui snjyra. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

A supplication from the people of Leacock was brought in, and after 
much discourse upon the affair, the Synod appointed a committee to meet 
upon the place, and to view the circumstances of the two contending con- 
gregations, and finally determine the controversy. The members ap- 
pointed for said committee were Messrs. Houston, Alison, Cathcart, Hook, 
Cross, and Treat, who are to meet at I'equea the second Wednesday of Oc- 
tober next. 

The affair of ]Mr. Morgan's suspension, being remitted to the Presbytery of 
Philadelphia by last Synod, they now report that they have taken off his 
suspension, and restored him to the exercise of his ministry again ; and 
the minutes of their proceeding being read, the Synod approves their con- 
duct. 

The affair between 3Ir. Gilbert Tennent and Mr. Cowell, came under con- 
sideration in reading last year's minutes, but the committee to whom tiiat affair 
was referred, report that they are not yet prepared to acquaint the Synod with 
what they have done, which is therefore referred to another sederxmt, and 



1739.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 145 

the said committee are ordered to get ready and make report as soon as 
may be. 

The committee appointed to go to Hanover, and help the people there in their 
difficulties, made report to the Synod of their compliance, and brought in the 
minutes of their proceedings, which being read were approved and ordered to 
be inserted in their minutes, and are as follows, viz :* 

The Presbytery of Brunswick, upon reading over the minutes, brought in a 
paper of objections against two acts made last year, which was read, and the 
further consideration of it deferred till to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

25 day at nine oWoch, 'post pr-eces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the fund continued. 
The affair of Mr. Cowell and Mr. Tennent deferred. 

The consideration of the New-Brunswick paper reassumed, and after much 
reasoning upon it, the further consideration of it deferred till the afternoon. 
Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



• " At a committee of the Synod met at Hanover, July 26th, 1738, according to ap- 
pointment of Synod, nbi jiost 2^reces sederimt Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Gilbert Tennent, 
"William Tennent, jun'r., John Cross, David Cowell, and Richard Treat. Ministers of the 
committee absent: Messrs. Samuel Blair, Eleazer Wales, and Aaron Burr. Mr. Andrews 
chosen moderator, Mr. Treat, clerk. Mr. Gilbert Tennent opened the committee by a 
sermon, Ezek. xi. 19. 

" The committee in order to lay a clear foundation to go upon, thought proper to read 
and consider the minutes of the Synod in relation to the affair; and after that was done 
the moderator proceeded to inquire into the matter they were come about, and asked the 
people of West-Hanover, whether their circumstances were altered for the better since 
the casting of the lot, and it was answered by some of them in the hearing and behalf 
of the whole, that they were much increased as to number of persons in their society, 
and that they were near one half abler than they were. AVhich representation was not 
contradicted nor disproved by any, and plainly appeared to the committee to be the truth 
of their case. A paper also was brought in by Mr. Kitchell and some others, in behalf 
of the eastern part, as their committee, setting forth their weakness, and expressing 
their desire of an union with their western brethren, if it could be had upon reasonable 
terms. Upon which, that the committee might come to understand the real truth with 
respect to said eastern people, the moderator proceeded to interrogate Mr. Kitchell and 
others of said eastern part, about their affairs, and they informed the committee, that 
they were much stronger than when the lot was cast; that though it was hard with them- 
for the present to fulfil their obligations to Mr. Nutman, yet they cannot but acknow- 
ledge they are in growing circumstances, and able to support of themselves ; adding 
withal, that it is their mind, and the mind of their Society, not to have an union with 
the whole of the western society but with a part only, and that if the committee should 
judge them to unite upon any of the former terms, covenants, and agreements, it would 
be the destruction of the whole, and be prejudicial to the interest of religion among them. 
Whereupon the committee came imanimously to form their judgment after the following 
manner, viz : That according as things are represented to them, and as they appear, 
they cannot but judge, 

"1. That the former obligations of said people, by virtue of the lot formerly cast 
among them, are now impracticable. 

"2. That the end of the said lot will be much better answered by their being two sepa- 
rate societies, than by being united into one, as formerly was desired and proposed. 

" 3. That therefore we judge said western people may be a separate society by them- 
selves. Furthermore, to prevent any disputes or difficulties between said western society 
and Basking-Kidge, it was proposed and agreed to, mutually by said people, that who- 
soever were desirous of going from the congregation to which they belong to the other, 
shall have liberty so to do, provided they pay off all their respective debts due to the 
society to which they have belonged. 

" The above determinations of the committee were published to the aforesaid people, 
and all parties expressed their entire satisfaction therein. Concluded with prayer." 

19 



146 MINUTES OF THE [1739. 

Hora Stia, P. M. post prcces sederunt, qui supra. 

The affiur of the fund continued. 

The affair of New-Brunswick Presbytery reassumcd, and after much reason- 
ing upon it, the further consideration of it deferred till to-morrow morning. 
Adjourned till to-morrow morning, at nine of the clock. 
Concluded with prayer. 

2Gth dai/, at nine o'clocic, post prcces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the fund continued, and Ordered, That the committee for the 
fund meet next Mondey, at ten of the clock, and prepare said affair to be 
brought into the Synod at the next session. 

The New-Brunswick Presbytery having brought a paper of objections against 
the act made last year, touching the previous examination of candidates, the 
Synod consented to review that act, and upon deliberation agreed to the follow- 
ing overture, which they substitute in the room of it, viz : It being the first 
article in our excellent Directory for the examination of the candidates of the 
sacred ministry, that they be inquired of, what degrees they have taken in the 
university, &,c. ; and it being oftentimes impracticable for us in these remote 
parts of the earth, to obtain an answer to these questions, of those who propose 
themselves to examination, many of our candidates not having enjoyed the 
advantage of a university education, and it being our desire to come to the 
nearest conformity to the incomparable prescriptions of the Directory, that our 
circumstances will admit of, and after long deliberation of the most proper 
expedients to comply with the intentions of the Directory, where we cannot 
exactly fulfil the letter of it ; the Synod agree and determine, that every person 
who proposes himself to trial as a candidate for the ministry, and who has not 
a diploma, or the usual certificates from an European or New England univer- 
sity, shall be examined by the whole Synod, or its commission, as to these 
preparatory studies which we generally pass through at the college, and if they 
find him qualified, they shall give him a certificate, which shall be received by 
our respective Presbyteries as equivalent to a diploma or certificate from the 
college. This we trust will have a happy tendency to prevent unqualified men 
from creeping in among us, and answer, in the best manner our present circum- 
stances are capable of, the design which our Directory has in view, and to 
which by inclination and duty, we are all bound to comply to our utmost 
ability. This was agreed to by a great majority. 

Adjourned till 31onday next, at three o'clock, P. M. 

Concluded with prayer. 

28 daj/. Ilord tertia, P. M. post prcces sederunt qui supra. 

The committee for the fund met according to appointment, but not having 
accomplished said affair, the Synod appoints said committee to meet to-morrow, 
at eight of the clock. 

Mr. Gilbert Tennent protested in behalf of himself and such as should join 
with him, viz : AVilliam Tennent, scn'r. William Tennent, jun'r., Samuel Blair, 
Eleazer Wales, Charles Tennent, ministers. Thomas Worthington, David Cham- 
bers, William McCrea, John Weir, elders ; against the above-mentioned act 
respecting the trial of candidates. 

The act made last 3'ear with respect to ministers preaching out of their own 
bounds, being taken under a review, the Synod determine, that if any minister 
in the bounds of any of our Presbyteries, judge that the preaching of any 
minister or candidate of a neighbouring Presbytery in any congregation, has 
bad a tendency to promote division among them, or hinder the orderly settle- 



1739.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 147 

ment of a gospel ministry, ia that case he shall complain to the Presbytery in 
whose bounds the said congregation is, and that the minister who is supposed 
to be the cause of the foresaid division, shall be obliged to appear before them, 
and it shall be left to them to determine whether he shall preach any more ia 
the bounds of that congregation, and he shall be bound to stand to their deter- 
mination, until they shall see cause to remove their prohibition, or the Synod 
shall have opportunity to take the affair under cognizance. Approved nemine 
contradicente. 

Mr. Anderson reports, that in compliance with an order of Synod last year, 
he had waited upon the Governor of Virginia with the Synod's address, and 
received a favourable answer, the substance of which is contained in a letter from 
the governor u; the moderator of the Synod, which is as follows : 

" Sir : By the hands of Mr. Anderson I received an address signed by you, 
in the name of your brethren of the Synod of Philadelphia. And as I have 
been always inclined to favour the people who have lately removed from other 
provinces, to settle on the western side of our great mountains ; so you may 
be assured, that no interruption shall be given to any minister of your profes- 
sion who shall come among them, so as they conform themselves to the rules 
prescribed by the act of toleration in England, by taking the oaths enjoined 
thereby, and registering the places of their meeting, and behave themselves 
peaceably towards the government. This you may please to communicate to 
the Synod as an answer of theirs. Your most humble servant. 

"William Goocii. 

^'■Williamsburg, November 4:fh, 1738." 

Messrs. Conn, Cross, and Orme, gave the reasons why they did not go to 
Virginia, which were sustained. 

Mr. Anderson reports that his journey to Virginia cost fifteen pounds, which 
the Synod allows out of the fund, and does approve his conduct in the whole 
affair. 

Ordered, That the committee consider what is to be done further in the 
Virginia affair. And the committee returned Mr. Anderson thanks for what 
he hath done in it. 

The revisers of the Presbytery book of Brunswick, offered several objec- 
tions against said book, the consideration of which deferred till to-morrow 
morning. 

The Presbytery book of Philadelphia brought in and approved. 

A reference from the Presbytery of Philadelphia, and the designed new 
erection at Hopewell and Maidenhead was brought in, and after reading some 
papers, the further consideration of it deferred till to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned till ten of the clock, to-morrow morning. 

Concluded with prayer. 

29lh day. Hord dccuna, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 
The committee for the fund met according to appointment. 
The account of the fund brought in, and it appears that there is antecedent 
to any disbursements to be made this year. 

Principal .... 

Interest due, - - . . 
Cash in bank, ... 

In all, £.599 14 10 i 

It appearing by the Presbytery book of New Brunswick, that notwith- 
standing the Synod's agreement last year, that no candidate for the ministry 



£ 


s. d. 


517 


4 lU 


46 


12 9 


35 


17 21 



148 MINUTES OF THE [1730 

Vfho Las had a private education, should be admitted to trials, in order to be 
licensed to preach the gospel by any Presbytery within our bounds, until such 
candidate's learning were previously examined by a committee appointed for 
that purpose, that the l^rcsbytery of New-J3runswick have admitted to trials 
and licensed IMr. John Kowland to preach the gospel without his submitting 
to such preparatory examination as was appointed ; the Synod do therefore 
judge the proceedings of the said Presbytery of New-JJrunswick to be very 
disorderly, and do admonish the said Presbytery to avoid such divisive courses 
for the future ; and do determine not to admit the said Mr. Rowland to be 
a preacher of the gospel within our bounds, nor encourage any of our people 
to accept him until he submit to such examinations as were appointed by this 
Synod for those that have had a private education. 

This overture carried in the aihrmative by a great majority. 

There being a reference made by the Presbytery of Philadelphia of some 
difficulties brought before them by some of the people of Hopewell and 
Maidenhead, and a complaint made to the Synod by some of the said people 
against the said Presbytery, the Synod do judge that the said people have be- 
haved with great indecency towards their Presbytery, by their unmannerly 
reflections, and unjust aspersions, both upon the Synod and the Presbytery, 
and that they have acted very disorderly in improving Mr. Rowland as a 
preacher among them, when they were advised by the Presbytery that he 
•was not to be esteemed and improved as an orderly candidate of the ministry ; 
and the Synod do wholly disallow the said complainants being erected into a 
new congregation until they do first submit the determination of the place 
for erecting a new meeting-house to their Presbytery, as was formerly agreed 
between them and their neighbours, as a condition of their being a separate 
congregation. 

This overture was approved by a great majority. 

And it is further ordered by the Synod, That when the Presbytery of 
Philadelphia meet at Hopewell and Maidenhead, to fix the place of a new 
meeting-house, they shall call the following correspondents : Messrs. John 
Pierson, John Nutman, Samuel Blair, Aaron Burr, Nathaniel Hubbell, and 
Eleazar Wales. 

Adjourned till two o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

HorCi secunda. P. M. Post j^rcccs sederunt qui supra. 

Tlie committee appointed by the Synod to consider the controversy be- 
tween Mr. Gilbert Teuncnt and Mr. David Cowell, brought in the following 
overture, which being read, the Synod had the great satisfaction to find the 
contending parties fully agreed in their sentiments upon the point in contro- 
versy, according to the doctrine contained in the said overture, viz. Though 
they apprehend that there are some incautious and unguarded expressions 
used by both the contending parties, yet they have ground to hope that the 
principal controversy between them flows from their not having clear ideas of 
the subject they so earnestly debate about, an<l not from any dangerous errors 
they entertain, since they bf)th own that tlie glory of God is the ultimate end 
of all things; and as the point under debate concerns an important doctrine of 
religion, we would take liberty to express our minds with respect to it in a 
few words, which we hope will be agreeable to the sentiments of the Synod, 
and readily agreed to by the parties concerned in this dispute. "We apprehend 
that the glory of God was the only motive that influenced him to all his ex- 
ternal operations. For since nothing else had an existence, nothing certainly 
could influence him from without himself. By his glory declarative, wo 
mean the manifestation of his essential and adorable perfections for the great 



1740.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. U§ 

and excellent ends he designed in this manifestation. It is the indispensable 
duty of every creature, according to its utmost capacity, to aim at the same 
end which tlie blessed God has in view, and to endeavour to direct all his ac- 
tions unto it. The method in which the great God has required us to prose- 
cute this end is by a conformity to his image, and example, and a sincere and 
universal obedience to his laws. In his infinite and astonishing grace he has 
been pleased inseparably to connect our happiness with the prosecution of 
this end. This obedience which we are to pay to the Divine law, and by 
which alone we can glorify him, must be performed by us, not only because 
it is the way to happiness, but because it is infinitely just and reasonable in 
itself, agreeable to the blessed God, whom we are under indissoluble obliga- 
tions to obey, and carry on the same designs which he has been pleased to pro- 
pose in all his actions. And these designs of the glory of God, and our own 
happiness, are so inseparably connected that they must never be placed in op- 
position to each other. For in all cases, he that actively glorifies God pro- 
motes his own happiness, and by a conformity to the Divine statutes and laws, 
which is the only way to happiness, we, in the best manner we are capable, 
glorify God. 

The case of the people of Norrington being represented to the Synod, for 
supplies for the ensuing year, the Synod appointed Messrs. Boyd, Black, 
Houston, and Alexander, to supply them every third Sabbath until next 
Synod. 

An overture for erecting a school, or seminary of learning, being brought in 
by the committee, the Synod unanimously approved the design of it, and in 
order to the accomplishing it did nominate Messrs. Pemberton, Dickinson, 
Cross, and Anderson, two of which, if they can be prevailed upon, to be sent 
home to Europe to prosecute this affiiir with proper directions. And in order 
to this, it is appointed that the commission of the Synod, with correspondents 
from every Presbytery, meet at Philadelphia the third Wednesday of August 
next. And if it be found necessary, that Mr. Pemberton should go to Boston 
pursuant to this design, it is ordered, that the Presbytery of New York supply 
his pulpit during his absence. 

Mr. Hamilton Bell having ofiered himself to examination, the Synod ap- 
points their commission, together with any other members they think fit, to 
meet to-morrow, at nine o'clock, for that purpose. 

A petition from Thomas Clark was presented to the Synod, and it is recom- 
mended to all the ministers within our bounds, to whom he shall apply, to do 
what they think expedient for his relief. 

An overture was presented to the Synod from Mr. Thomas Evans, which is 
ordered to be kept in retentis till the next Synod. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next, and then to meet at 
Philadelphia, at three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

1740. 

The Synod met according to appointment, 

Philadelphia, May 2Sth, 1740. Ubi post preces sederunt 

IMinisters of the Presbytery of New York : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, 
Walter Wilmot, Aaron Burr, John Nutman, John Pierson, Simon Horton, Jo- 
seph Houston. Absent : Ebenezer Pemberton, Joseph Webb, Nathaniel Hub- 
bell, Silas Leonard, Isaac Chalker. 

Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. James Anderson, John Thomson, Adam 
Boyd, Alexander Craighead, John Elder, Richard Zanchy, Samuel Cavin, 
Samuel Black. Absent : Samuel Thomson, David Alexander, William Ber- 
tram. 



150 MINUTES OF THE [1740. 

New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. George Gillespie, Iloberfc Cathcart, Charles 
Tennent, Francis Alisou, Samuel Blair, Hugh Couu, Alexander Hutchinson. 
Absent : Thomas Evans, John Ormc. 

Lewes Presbytery : Messrs. James Martin, llobert Jamison, Hugh Carlile. 
Absent : Hugh Stevenson, Patrick Glascow. 

Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Robert Cross, William 
Tennent, David Evans, David Cowell, Francis McHenry, llichard Treat. Ab- 
sent : Messrs. Elmer, Morgan, Goold 

New-Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Eleazer Wales, John 
Cross. 

Elders present : Joseph W^oodrufF, Joseph Biggs, John Odel, John Alison, 
James Montgomery, Daniel Henderson, Bobert Matthews, Thomas Farrell, 
James Swain, John Hamilton, Joseph Steel, Hugh Lion, John Steel, James 
Perry, James Cockran, William Gray, John Cross, Cornelius Wiuekoop, James 
Miller, William Emmitt, Bichard Walker, James McCoy, Bobert Cummings, 
John Howey. 

Mr. Anderson, the moderator of the Synod last year, opened the Synod by a 
sermon on Gal. v. 15. 

Mr. Pierson chosen moderator, and Mr. Treat clerk. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at nine o'clock, precisely. 

Concluded with prayer. 

29 day, at nine o^doch, A. M. post preccs sederunt qui supra. 

It is reported that Mr. George Philips, of the I'resbytery of New York, and 
Mr. Paul, of the Presbytery of Donegall, are dead since last Synod. 

Mr. Bertram, Mr. Glascow, Mr. Alexander, Mr. Orme, excused for their ab- 
eence. 

Messrs. Thomson, Andrews, Dickinson, Boyd, Anderson, Gillespie, Bobert 
Cross, Martin, Gilbert Tennent, Treat, Alison, and the moderator, ministers ; 
and Joseph WoodroofF, John Alison, John Steel, John Cross, Bobert Cummings, 
Elders, appointed a committee for the fund, and any other business the Synod 
shall recommend to them. 

The Presbytery books of New York, Donegall, and New-Brunswick, 
forgot. 

Mr. Hutchinson and Mr. Houston, appointed to revise the Presbytery book 
of Philadelphia; Mr. Cowell and Mr. Jamison, the Presbytery book of New 
Castle ; Mr. William Tennent, jun'r. and Mr. Blair, the Presbytery book of 
Lewes. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fund, it was 
found that there was something brought by Messrs. Dickinsoji, Burr, l*ierson, 
llorton, Thomson, Boyd, Craighead, Elder, Zanchy, Black, Gillespie, Cathcart, 
Alison, Blair, jMartin, Jamison, Andrews, Cross, Cowell, and Treat. 

Messrs. Andrew.s, Thomson, Anderson, Gillespie, Dickinson, Pemberton, 
Bobert Cross, Blair, Treat, Alison, Boyd, Martin, Gilbert Tennent, and the 
moderator, to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing, with 
elders if they have occasion to meet, and that any five of the ministers be 
a quorum. 

It is reported that Mr. Francis IMcIIenry, Mr. Samuel Cavin, and Mr. 
Samuel Thomson, were, after the usual trials, ordained since last Synod, and 
that they did all of them adopt the Westminster Confession, &c. according to 
the order of the Synod. 

Ordered, That an account of the fund be brought in before the Synod 
break up. 

The affair of Leacock deferred. 



1740.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 151 

Upon reading over the minutes of the last year, the act about the previous 
trial of candidates for the ministry, which has been the occasion of much debate 
in the Synod, and protested against by some of the brethren, came under con- 
sideration, upon which a paper was brought in and road, containing proposals 
for accommodating of the said unhappy debates. Which being new to the 
Synod, they resolved, that in compliance with the desire of several other mem- 
bers of the Synod, as well as the protesting brethren, each of them should have 
a copy of the proposals to consider of till to-morrow mornino-. 

The other act, relating to ministers preaching within the bounds of other 
Presbyteries than that to which he or they do belong, coming in course to be 
considered, the Synod agree to defer any debates about that matter till the pre- 
ceding affair be issued. 

Upon reading that minute, concerning that debate between Messrs. Gilbert 
Tennent and David Cowell, and the judgment of the committee of the Synod 
upon it, Mr. Tennent seeming dissatisfied with the committee's management in 
that debate, requested that the thing might be considered by the Synod; the 
consideration thereof was deferred. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. 31. post ^^reces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

The affair of Leacock deferred. 

The commission of the Synod did meet last year according to appointment, 
in order to conclude upon a method for prosecuting the overture respecting the 
erecting a seminary of learning. The minutes of that proceeding were read, 
and although herein it is found, that they concluded upon calling the whole 
Synod together as necessary in that affair ; yet the war breaking out between 
England and Spain, the calling of the Synod was omitted, and the whole affair 
laid aside for that time.* 



* The commission of the Synod met according to appointment. 

Philadelphia, August 15th, 1739. Ubi post preces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, James Anderson, John Thomson, Adam Boyd, 
Eobert Cross, James Martin, Richard Ti-eat. 

Correspondents : Messrs. Cathcart, Alison, and Black. 

Members of the commission absent : Messrs. Dicliinson, Pemberton, Gillespie, Pierson, 
Thomas Evans, Gilbert Tennent. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the Synod relating to our present meeting be read. 

Several members of the commission who are now absent, being expected this evening, 
the commission without entering upon business, adjourned till to-morrow morning, at nine 
of the clock. Concluded with prayer. 

ICjth dap, at nine of the clock. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Together with Messrs. David Evans and Jamison, correspondents. 

Mr. Pemberton sent a letter with the reasons of his absence, which were sustained. 

The aflair of the overture brought in last Synod, that gave occasion for our present 
meeting, was taken under consideration, and after much reasoning upon it, the commis- 
sion unanimously concluded to enter on said affair; but previous to any particular steps 
to be fallen upon in order thereto, it was agreed to ask counsel of God by appointing one 
of their number to pray, which was done by appointing Mr. Evans to that service. Upon 
which they proceeded to inquire what they should do, and because of the weight of the 
attair in hand, they agreed to defer the main inquiries till the afternoon; but as pre- 
liminary thereto, do judge it to be the most reasonable and probable method to accom- 
phsh the good design of said overture, to apply to the several congregations within our 
bounds fur their concurrence and assistance in the affair, and that a letter of address be 
sent to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland for their assistance. Accord- 
ingly Mr. Andrews was appointed to draw up the said letter to the General Assembly 



152 MINUTES OF THE [1740. 

Upon reading over the minutes respecting the result of the controversy be- 
tween Mr. Gilbert Tonncnt and Mr. Cowell, Mr. Tcnneut moved for the revising 
that affair, and that the papers might be read that concern that debate. AVhich 
motion of Mr. Teunent's, after much debate about it, was put to the vote, 
whether it should be complied with or not, and it passed in the negative by a 
great majority. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

30 day^ at nine d clock, A. 31., post prcces sederunt qui supra. 

The account of the fund not yet brought in. 

The affair between the Synod and the brethren dissatisfied with the act of 
last Synod, which, according to order of yesterday, was to be brought under 
consideration this session, deferred till next sederunt. 

The affair of Leacock reassumed. Whereas a matter of controversy be- 
tween the people of Leacock and Pequea, was appointed last Synod to be 
determined by a committee, which by order of Synod, were to meet upon the 
place, and all the members except two that were appointed, for rea'sons now 
given and sustained, failed of attending on said affair, so that nothing was done 
in it, and the people of Leacock yet thinking themselves aggrieved by the 
judgment of the Presbytery of Donegall, they now moved the Synod to judge 



before mentioned, and Mr. Thomson to draw up the letter to our congregations, to bo 
brought in next sederunt. 

Adjourned to four o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Hora quartd, F. M. Post prcces sederunt qui supra. 

Messrs. Andrews and Thomson brought in the letters, according to appointment. 

The affair of the overture respecting the erecting a school of learning, reassumed, and 
the commission, after some further consideration of it, weighing the importance of the 
matter, and considering the small number of members now present, together with the 
many preparatory letters and instructions that are necessary for such an undertaking, 
as going to Europe for assistance, according to the unanimous judgment of the Synod, 
will require, they do now with one consent judge it most advisable to defer doing any 
more in said aft'air at present, but leave it to the consideration and determination of the 
whole Synod, and accordingly agree to call the Synod together, to meet at Philadelphia 
the last Wednesday of September next, and enjoin the members present to inform their 
respective Pi-esbyterics of this appointment ; and that the moderator send letters to the 
Presbyteries of New York and New-I5ruiiswick, ordering their attendance at the time 
appointed. And the commission further orders, that Messrs. Andrews, Cross, and Treat, 
do prepare what addresses, letters, credentials, or other instruments may be proper, 
against the meeting of the Synod. And further, that a letter be remitted to Dr. Colman, 
to be communicated to our reverend brethren in Boston, earnestly desiring their con- 
currence and assistance in this aft'air, and that said letter be inclosed in one to Mr. Pem- 
berton, to be forwarded by him. Ordered, That the moderator preach at the opening 
of the Synod. 

An atfair relating to the people of Pilesgrove and Deerfield, was, by the Presbytery 
of Pliiladelphia, referred to the decision of the commission ; and the commission having 
heard the representatives of said people, pro and eon, and having received what light the 
Presbytery of Philadelphia coiild give in the said affair, they for some time reasoned and 
debated upon it, and at length came to tlie following resolution : That inasmuch as the 
inhabitants of Pilesgrove have long borne a burden, and met with great discouragements 
in their endeavours to have the gospel .'settled among them, though we cannot, however, 
but lament that their house fur public worshiji, which they are about, is not to be situated 
more conveniently and to greater satisfaction of Deertield : yet since the representative 
from the congregation of Deertield, and the re])resentative of Pilesgrove. seemed formerly 
agreed, that without detriment to either congregation, the people of Pilesgrove might 
build their house where they now are at work, and since the Presbyterj* accordingly 
encouraged them to build there, the commission unanimously agreed to confirm their 
sentence in favour of Pilesgrove. Concluded with prayer. 



1740.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA, 153 

in that affair; and after reading some papers, and hearing all that was offered 
in the matter, the Synod unanimously judges as follows : That inasmuch as 
Leacock is a congregation by allowance of their own Presbytery, and the 
meeting-house erected and complained of is at as great a distance from those of 
Pequea as can conveniently accommodate them of Leacock, that, therefore, the 
new erection of Leacock shall stand, and said congregation be entitled to sup- 
plies to said meeting-house from Donegall Presbytery equal to other vacancies 
within their bounds. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three d clock, P. M. post j^reces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

The affair between the Synod and the brethren dissatisfied with the act last 
year, came under consideration, and the protesting brethren declaring their dis- 
satisfaction with the proposals for accommodation that were laid before them ; 
the Synod therefore still desiring that that unhappy difference may be accom- 
modated, recommend it to any bi'ethreu of the Synod to consider any further 
expedient to that end, to be brought in the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

31 da I/, at nine o'clock, A. 31. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

The affair between the Synod and the protesting brethren reassumed, and an 
overture was brought in by one of the brethren as an expedient to accommo- 
date the difference that has arisen and yet subsists on account of an act of last 
year, and much discourse was had upon it. 

It was agreed by all the members, the protesting brethren as well as others, 
that the Synod are proper judges of the qualifications of their own members. 
But the protesting brethren thought the inserting that agreement into our 
minutes unnecessary. 

The uncomfortable debate about the agreement of the Synod last year, to 
bring under the examination of the Synod, such persons as have had a private 
education in order to the sacred ministry, being reassumed, it was put to the 
vote whether the said agreement should be repeated or continued till some other 
expedient could be found that will answer the design of that agreement to the 
Synod's satisfaction, and it was voted that it shall continue at present. 

The protesting brethren renewing their former protest against the present 
proceeding, the following members joined with them in their protestation, viz : 
Messrs. John Cross, Alexander Craighead, Robert Cummins, John Henry, 
James Cockran, William Emmitt, James Miller, Richard Walker, James 
McKoy, Robert Matthews, Daniel Henderson, Joseph Steel, Hugh Lynn, 
George Gillespie, and Alexander Hucheson, desired their dissent might be 
entered. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at three o'clock this after- 
noon. 

Adjourned to ten o'clock on Monday morning. Concluded with prayer. 

June 2d, at ten o'clock, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

An overture was brought in upon the two late acts in order to explain them, 
which is as follows : The Synod having the last year, nemine contradicente, 
come into an agreement that no minister shall preach out of the bounds of 
Lis Presbytery in any congregation, after his being warned by the Presbytery, 



154 MINUTES OF THE [1740. 

in whose bounds such congregation is, that his preaching there is a cause of 
division in the congregation, and tliat he is therefore to desist, which was 
agreed to in order to prevent divisions in our congregations : but finding that 
some of our brethren are now dissatisfied with that agreement, and that it is 
wrong interpreted and misunderstood by many of our people, as though it was 
calculated to prevent itinerant preaching : the Synod do now declare, that 
they never thought of opposing, but do heartily rejoice in the labours of the 
ministry in other places besides their own particular charge. And that they 
may not give any umbrage to the contrary, they do now repeal that agreement, 
and do agree that our ministers shall, in that respect, conduct themselves as 
though it had never been. And to obviate all misrepresentations that are like 
to be made of our agreement the last year, to bring such candidates of the min- 
istry under the examination of the Synod, or the commission of the Synod, as 
to their proficiency in human learning, who have had a private education, the 
Synod declare, that they do not thereby call in question the power of subordi- 
nate Presbyteries to ordain ministers, but only assert their own right to judge 
of the qualifications of their own members. And though they do not deny but 
that such as are brought into the ministry contrary to this agreement may be 
truly gospel ministers, yet inasmuch as they caiinot but think that agreement 
needful to be insisted on in order to the well-being of this part of the Church 
of Christ, they cannot admit them when so brought into the ministry to be 
members of this Synod, until they submit to the said agreement, though they 
do consent, that they be in all other respects and considered as ministers of the 
gospel, any thing that may be otherwise construed in any of our former pro- 
ceedings, notwithstanding. 

Two expedients for peace were proposed to answer the end of the act for pre- 
serving learning by examination for candidates, which were taken under con- 
sideration till the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'cIocJc, P. M. met according to o])polntmcnt. Ubi post prcces 
sederunt qui sup)ra. 

The affair of the fund continued. 

The further consideration of the abovesaid overture deferred. There being 
two representations brought into the Synod by Mr. lilair and Mr. Gilbert Ten- 
nent, representing many defects in our ministry that are matter of greatest 
lamentation if chargeable upon our members : the Synod do therefore solemnly 
admonish all the ministers within their bounds, seriously to consider the weight 
of their charge, and, as they will answer it at the great day of Christ, to take 
care to approve themselves to God, in the instances complained of. And the 
Synod do recommend it to the several Presbyteries to take care of their several 
ministers in these particulars. 

A supplication came into the Synod from the congregations of Tinnacum 
and Newtown respectively, desiring to be dismissed from the Presbytery of 
Philadelphia, and to be joined to the Presbytery of New-Brunswick, and it was 
readily granted. 

Adjourned to the fourth Wednesday of May next, then to meet at Philadel- 
phia at three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer.* 

• At a meeting of the commission of the Synod, 

June Sd, 1740. Ubi post prcces sederunt 

Mr. John Pierson Moderator of the Synod, Messrs. John Thomson, Robert Cross, 
George Gillespie, and Jedidiiih Andrews. 

The account of the fund was bruuf^ht in ; and it appears before any disbursements 
made this year, that there was as follows: 



1741.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 155 

1741. 

The Synod met according to appointment, 

Philadelphia, May the llth, 1741. Uhi post preces sederunt 

Ministers, members of the Presbytery of New Castle : Messrs. George Gil- 
lespie, Robert Cathcart, Charles Tennent, Francis Alison, Alexander Huch- 
eson, Samuel Blair. Absent : Mr. Thomas Evans. 

Members of the Presbytery of Lewes, ministers present : Messrs. James 
Martin and Robert Jamison. Absent ; Messrs. Hugh Carlile, Patrick Glas- 
cow, Hugh Stevenson. 

Presbytery of Philadelphia, ministers present : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, 
Robert Cross, Daniel Elmer, Francis McHenry, Richard Treat, William 
Tennent. 

New Brunswick Presbytery, ministers present : Messrs. Eleazer Wales, 
Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent. Absent : Mr. John Cross. 

Members of Donegall Presbytery present : Messrs. John Thomson, Adam 
Boyd, John Elder, Richard Zanchy, Samuel Gavin, Samuel Thomson, John 
Craig, Alexander Craighead, David Alexander. 

New York Presbytery absent. 

Elders present : John Richy, William McCollock, William Gray, Jonathan 
Fithian, Robert Porter, John Swansey, James Carr, Robert McKnight, Francis 
Alexander, Abednego Thomas, Alexander McKnight, John McConc, John 
Ramsey, William McCrey, Robert Craig, Robert Rowland, Richard Walker, 
David Chambers. 

Mr. Pierson, the last year's moderator, not being present, Mr. Andrews 
opened the Synod with a sermon on Mar. ix. 24. 

£ 5. d. 

Principal, 485 12 J 

Interest due, 45 48^ 

Cash, 32 10 10.J 

Total £563 7 1\ 

Memorandum : That a bond of Mr. Paul's deed of twelve pounds, "which is no part of 
the above sum, was remitted to his widow. 
Grants from the fund by the Synod this year : 

£ s. d. 

To the Treasurer, 6 

To the Janitor, 1 10 

To Mr. Glen, 5 00 

To Turkey, 6 00 

A supplication was brought in by Abraham Scott and John Kirkpatrick, in the name 
of a party at Nottingham, requesting that they might be dismissed from the Presbytery 
of Donegall, for reasons therein contained. The commission having considered the aflfair, 
thought fit to remit it to the consideration of the next Synod. 

Representatives from Norrington desired supplies, and the commission being desirous 
to do all they could for them, appointed Mr. Boyd to supply them once a quarter, and to 
come to them the first time the first Sabbath of August ; Mr. Cowell once a quarter, be- 
ginning the first Sabbath of July ; Mr. McHenry once a quarter, beginning the first 
Sabbath of September; and Mr. Black once a quarter, beginning the first Sabbath of 
November. This to be done till next Synod. The ministers in town to help them as 
they can. 

A letter from Dr. Colman, of Boston, to the Synod was read, wherein he, in the name 
of the associated bretliren there, assures the Synod of their readiness to concur with the 
Synod in their laudable proposal of erecting a school or seminary of learning in these 
parts. And it is ordered that Mr. Andrews write to the Doctor, and the said associated 
brethren on that head. 

Ordered, That five pounds and ten shillings be given on a pious design. 



156 MINUTES OF THE [1741. 

Mr. Andrews chosen moderator, and ^Mr. Boyd clerk. 

Adjourned till nine clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

28 day. At nine o^docJc, met accordimj to apvointmcnt. Ubi post preccs 
sederunt qui supra. 

Objections being made against some members sitting in Synod, the Synod 
entered upon the consideration of that affair, and especially in reference to Mr, 
Craighead, and after much discourse upon it, and a paper of Mr. Craighead's 
being read, the Synod deferred the further consideration of that affair till the 
afternoon. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. M. jiost preces sederunt qui sup>ra. 

A supplication from Middle Octorara congregation containing charges 
against Mr. John Thomson, being presented and read, after much discourse 
upon it, the Synod agreed that Mr. Thomson have a copy of the said suppli- 
cation, and that his Presbytery shall, with all possible expedition, judge of that 
affair. 

I The affair of Mr. Craighead reassumed. ]Mr. Craighead presented another 
paper, which was read, and after debating on that business, the Synod agreed 
that this and the former paper be perused by the Doncgall Presbytery, in order 
to prepare for trial against to-morrow in the afternoon. 

Adjourned till to-morrow at nine o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

I^ih, at nine o'clock. Post -preces sederunt qui supra. 

Since our last meeting it pleased God in his providence to remove by death, 
our dear brethren Mr. James Anderson, of the Presbytery of Donegall, and 
Mr. Joseph Houston, of the Presbytery of New York. 

Mr. Samuel Thomson, Mr. Patrick Glascow, Mr. Alexander, and Mr. Ber- 
tram were absent last year, and having given or sent reasons of their absence, 
are excused ; as also Mr. David Evans. 

Inasmuch as Mr. Stevenson has from time to time, and for years past, ne- 
glected attending on our judicatures, and also omitted his ministry without 
giving us any reasons for his said conduct, it is therefore agreed, that his name 
shall be struck out of our records, till he come before us and give an account 
of his proceedings. 

Mr. Goold is removed out of the bounds of our Synod. 

The choosing a committee, and other business for the fund, deferred. 

Messrs. Hutchinson and Blair appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia; Mes.srs. Martin and Jamison the Presbytery book of Donegall. 
The I'resbytery books of New York, New Brunswick, New Castle, and Lewes, 
are not brought. 

Inquiry being made who had brought collections for the fund, it was found 
that there was something brought by Messrs. Gillespie, Blair, Jamison, An- 
drews, "William Tennent, senior. Elder, Zanchy, and Samuel Thomson. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. 31. according to ajypointment, post prcces sederunt qui 
supra. 

The Presbytery of Donegall, as appointed, begun their reply to IMr. Craig- 
head's paper in several particulars, but being late it 's deferred till to-morrow 
morning, at nine o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 



1741.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 157 

30 day. At nine o'clochy met according to appointment. TJhi po&t preces 
sederunt qui supra. 

The above affair continued, and a great deal of discourse maintained upon 
it. The Synod defer the further consideration thereof. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. on Monday next. Concluded with 
prayer. 

June 1. At three o^ clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

A protestation was brought in by Mr. Cross, read, and signed by several 
members, which is kept in retentis.* 



* A Protestation presented to the Synod, June 1, 1741. 
Reverend Fathers and Brethren, 

We, the ministers of Jesus Christ, and members of the Synod of Philadelphia, bein<y 
•wounded and grieved at our very hearts, at the dreadful divisions, distractions, and con° 
vulsions, -n-hich all of a sudden have seized this infant church to such a degree, that un- 
less He, who is King in Zion, do graciously and seasonably interpose for our relief, she 
is in no small danger of expiring outright, and that quickly, as to the form, order,' and 
constitution, of an organized church, which hath subsisted for above these thirty years 
past, in a very great degree of comely order and sweet harmony, until of late— we say, 
we being deeply afflicted with these things which lie heavy on our spirits, and being sen- 
sible that it is our indispensable duty to do what lies in our power, in a lawful way, ac- 
cording to the light and direction of the inspired oracles, to preserve this swooning church 
from a total expiration : and after the deliberate and unprejudiced inquiry into the causes 
of these confusions which rage so among us, both ministers and people, we evidently see- 
ing, and being fully persuaded in our judgments, that besides our raisimprovemeut of, 
and unfruitfulness under, gospel light, liberty, and privileges, that great decay of practi- 
cal godliness in the life and power of it, and many abounding immoralities: we say, 
besides these, our sins, which we judge to be the meritorious cause of our present 
doleful distractions, the awful judgment we at present groan under, we evidently see 
that our protesting brethren and their adherents, were the direct and proper cause 
thereof, by their unwearied, unscriptural, antipresbyterial, uncharitable, divisive prac- 
tices, which they have been pursuing, with all the industry they were capable of, with 
any probability of success, for above these twelve months past especially, besides too 
much of the like practices for some years before, though not with such barefaced arro- 
gance and boldness: 

And being fully convinced in our judgments, that it is our duty to bear testimony 
against these disorderly proceedings, according to our stations, capacity, and trust re- 
posed in us by our exalted Lord, as watchmen on the walls of his Zion, we having en- 
deavoured sincerely to seek counsel and direction from God, who hath promised to give 
wisdom to those that ask him in faith, yea, hath promised his Holy Spirit to lead his 
people and servants into all truth, and being clearly convinced in our consciences, that 
it is a duty called unto in this present juncture of affairs : 

Reverend Fathers and Brethren, we hereby humbly and solemnly protest, in the 
presence of the great and eternal God, and his elect angels, as well as in the presence 
pt all here present, and particularly to you, Reverend Brethren, in our own names, and 
in the names of all, both ministers and people, who shall adhere to us, as follows : 

1. We protest that it is the indispensable duty of this Synod, to maintain and stand 
by the principles of doctrine, worship, and government, of the Church of Christ, as the 
same are summed up in the Confession of Faith, Catechisms, and Directory, composed 
by the Westminster Assembly, as being agreeable to the word of God, and which this 
Synod have owned, acknowledged, and adopted, as may appear by our synodical records 
ot the years 17:^9, 1736, which we desire to be read publicly. 

2. We protest that no person, minister or elder, should be allowed to sit and vote in 
this Synod, who hath not received, adopted, or subscribed, the said Confessions, Cate- 
chisms, and Directory, as our Presbyteries respectively do, according to our last expli- 
cation of the adopting act; or who is either accused or convicted, or may be convicted 
before this Synod, or any of our Presbyteries, of holding or maintaining any doctrine, 
or who act and persist in any practice, contrary to any of those doctrines, or rules con- 
tained in said Directory, or contrary to any of the known rights of Presbytery, or orders 
made or agreed to by this Synod, and which stand yet unrepealed, unless, or until he 
renounce such doctrine, and being found guilty, acknowledge, confess, and profess his 



158 MINOTES OF THE [1741, 

Upon this it was canvassed by the former protesting brethren, -whether they 
or we are to be looked upon as the Synod. We maintained that they had 
no right to sit whether they were the major or minor number. Then they 
motioned that we should examine this point, and that ^e major number was 

sorrow for such sinful disorder, to the satisfaction of this S^Miod, or such inferior judi- 
catory as tlie Synod shall appoint or empower for tiiat purpose. 

3. We protest that all our protesting brethren liave at present no right to sit and vote 
as members of this Synod, having forfeited their right of being accounted members of it 
for many reasons, a few of which we shall mention afterwards. 

4. We protest that, if, notwithstanding of this our protestation, these brethren be 
allowed to sit and vote in this Synod, without giving suitable satisfaction to the Sj-nod, 
and particularly to us, who now enter this protestation, and those who adhere to ua 
in it, that whatsoever shall be done, voted, or transacted by them, contrary to our 
judgmeut, shall be of no force or obligation to us, being done and acted by a judica- 
tory consisting in part of members who have no authority to act with us in ecclesiasti- 
cal matters. 

5. We protest that, if, notwithstanding this our protestation, and contrary to the true 
intent and meaning of it, these protesting bretiiren, and such as adhere to them, or sup- 
port and countenance them in their antipresbyterial practices, shall continue to act a3 
they have done this last year, in that case we, and as many as have clearness to join 
with us, and maintain the rights of this judicatory, shall be accounted in nowise dis- 
orderly, but the true Presbyterian Church in this province ; and they shall be looked 
upon as guilty of schism, and the breach of the rules of Presbyterial government, 
which Christ has established iu his church, which Ave are ready at all times to demon- 
strate to the world. 

Reverend and dear Brethren, we beseech you to hear us with patience, while we lay 
before you as briefly as we can, some of the reasons that move us thus to protest, and 
more particularly, why we protest against our pi'otesting brethren's being allowed to sit 
as members of this Synod. 

1. Their heterodox and anarchical principles expressed in their Apology, pages twen- 
ty-eight and thirty-nine, where they expressly deny that Presbyteries have authority to 
oblige their dissenting members, and that Synods should go any further, in judging of 
appeals or references, &c. than to give their best advice, which is plainly to divest the 
otftcers and judicatories of Christ's kingdom of all authority, (and plainly contradicts the 
thirty-first article of our Confession of Faith, section three, which these brethren pre- 
tend to adopt,) agreeable to which is the whole superstructure of arguments which they 
advance and maintain against not only our synodical acts, but also all authority' to make 
any acts or orders that shall bind their dissenting members, throughout their whole 
Apology. 

2. Their protesting against the Synod's act in relation to the examination of candi- 
dates, together with their proceeding to license and ordain men to the ministry of the 
gospel, in opposition to, and iu contempt of said act of Synod. 

o. Their making irregular irruptions upon the congregations to which they have no 
immediate relation, witliout order, concurrence, or alloAvance of the Presbyteries or 
ministers to which congregations belong, thereliy sowing the seeds of division among 
people, and doing what they can to alienate and fill their minds with unjust prejudices 
against their lawfully called pastors. 

4. Their principles and practice of rash judging and condemning all who do not fall 
in with their measures, both ministers and people, as carnal, graceless, and enemies to 
the work of God, and what not, as appears in .Mr. Gilbert Tennent's sermon against un- 
converted ministers, and his and Mr. Blair's papers of May last, which were read in open 
Synod; whioii rash judging has been the constant practice of our protesting brethren, 
and their irregular probationers, for above these twelvemonths past, in their disorderly 
itinerations and preaching through our congregations, by wliicii, (alas ! for it,) most of 
our congregations, through weakness and credulity, are so shattered and dividetl, and 
shaken in tiieir principles, that few or none of us can say we enjoy the comfort, or have 
the success among our people, which otherwise we might, and which we enjoyed here- 
tofore. 

5. Their industriously persuading people to believe that the call of God whereby he 
calls men to the ministry, does not consist in their being regularly ordained and set apart 
to that work, according to the institution and rules of the word ; but in some invisible 



1741.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. I59 

the Synod. They were found to be the minor party, and upon this they with- 
drew. After this the Synod proceeded to business. 

Oyertured, That every member of this Synod, whether minister or elder, 
do sincerely and heartily receive, own, acknowledge, or subscribe, the West- 
minster Confession of Faith, and Larger and Shorter Catechisms, as the con- 



motions and workings of the Spirit, which none can be conscious or sensible of but the 
person himself, and with respect to which he is liable to be deceived, or play the hypo- 
crite ; that the gospel preached in truth by unconverted ministers, can be of no saving 
benefit to souls ; and their pointing out such ministers, whom they condemn as graceless 
by their rash judging spirit, they effectually carry the point with the poor credulous 
people, who, in imitation of their example, and under their patrociny, judge their minis- 
ters to be graceless, and forsake their ministry as hurtful rather than profitable. 

6. Their preaching the terrors of the law in such a manner and dialect as has no pre- 
cedent in the word of God, but rather appears to be borrowed from a woi-se dialect ; and 
so industriously working on the passions and affections of weak minds, as to cause them 
to cry out in a hideous manner, and fall down in convulsion-like fits, to the marring of 
the profiting both of themselves and others, who are so taken up in seeing and hearing 
these odd symptoms, that they cannot attend to or hear what the preacher says ; and 
then, after all, boasting of these things as the work of God, which we are persuaded do 
proceed from an inferior or worse cause. 

7. Their, or some of them, preaching and maintaining that all true converts are as 
certain of their gracious state as a person can be of what he knows by his outward 
senses ; and are able to give a narrative of the time and manner of their conversion, or 
else they conclude them to be in a natural or graceless state, and that a gracious person 
can judge of another's gracious state otherwise than by his profession and life. That 
people are under no sacred tie or relation to their own pastors lawfully called, but may 
leave them when they please, and ought to go where they think they get most good. 

For these and many other reasons, we protest, before the Eternal God, his holy angels, 
and you. Reverend Brethren, and before all here present, that these brethren have no 
right to be acknowledged as members of this judicatory of Christ, whose principles and 
practices are so diametrically opposite to our doctrine, and principles of government and 
order, which the great King of the Church hath laid down in his word. 

How absurd and monstrous must that union be, where one part of the members own 
themselves obliged, in conscience, to the judicial determinations of the whole, founded 
on the word of God, or else relinquish membership; and another part declare, they are 
not obliged and will not submit, unless the determination be according to their minds, 
and consequently will submit to no rule, in making of which they are in the negative. 

Again, how monstrously absurd is it, that they should so much as desire to join with 
us, or we with them, as a judicatory, made up of authoritative officers of .Jesus Christ, 
while they openly condemn us wholesale ; and, when they please, apply their condemna- 
tory sentences to particular brethren by name, without judicial process, or proving them 
guilty of heresy or immorality, and at the same time will not hold Christian communion 
with them. 

Again, how absurd is the union, while some of the members of the same body, which 
meet once a year, and join as a judicatory of Christ, do all the rest of the year what 
they can, openly and above board, to persuade the people and flocks of their brethren 
and fellow members, to separate from their own pastors, as gi-aceless hypocrites, and yet 
they do not separate from them themselves, but join with them once every year, as mem- 
bers of the same judicatory of Christ, and oftener, when Presbyteries are mixed. Is it 
not most unreasonable, stupid indolence in us, to join with such as are avowedly tearing 
us in pieces like beasts of prey ? 

Again, is not the continuance of union with our protesting brethren very absurd, when 
it is so notorious that both their doctrine and practice are so directly contrary to the 
adopting act, whereby both they and we have adopted the Confession of Faith, Catechisms 
and Directory, composed by the Westminster Assembly? 

Finally, is not continuance of union absurd with those who would arrogate to them- 
selves a right and power to palm and obtrude members on our Synod, contrary to the 
minds and judgment of the body? 

In fine, a continued union, in our judgment, is most absurd and inconsistent, when it 
is so notorious, that our doctrine and principles of church government, in many points, 
are not only diverse, but directly opposite. For how can two walk together, except they 
be agreed ? 

Reverend Fathers and Brethren, these are a part, and but a part, of our reasons why 



160 MINUTES OF THE [1741 

fossion of bis faith, and the Directory, as far as circumstances will allow and 
admit in this infant church, for the rule of church order. Ordered, That every 
session do oblige their elders, at their admission, to do the same. This was 
readily approved, nanine contradiccnfe. 

Messrs. Cross, Thomson, Martin, Alison, Cathcart, Boyd, and the moderator, 
ministers ; and Eobert IMcKnight, William McCuUoch, llobert Kowlaud, and 
James Kerr, elders, appointed a committee for the fund, and any other business 
the Synod shall recommend to them. 

Messrs. Thomson, Dickinson, Pemberton, Pierson, Piobert Cross, Alison, 
Boyd, Martin, and the moderator, be the commission of the Synod for the year 
ensuing, with elders, if they have occasion to meet, and that any five of the 
ministers be a quorum. 

It is reported that Mr. John Craig was, after the usual trials, ordained since 
last Synod, and that he subscribed the "Westminster Confession of Faith, ac- 
cording to order of Synod. 

Ordered, That an account of the fund be brought in before the Synod 
break up. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet to-morrow morning at eight 
of the clock, to bring in the account of the fund. And the Synod to meet at 
ten a'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

2d day. At ten oWoch, according to appointment. Post prices sederunt qvi 
supra. 

The committee for the fund met, and overtured, that pursuant to the suppli- 
cation of the undertakers of the meeting-house at Wilmington, viz : Capt. 
Chambers and Capt. Hucheson, representing the difficulties that attend de- 

•we protest as above, and which we have only hinted at, but have forborne to enlarge on 
them, as we might, the matter and substance of them are so well known to you all, and 
the whole world about us, that we judged this hint sufficient at present, to declare our 
serious and deliberate judgment in the matter; and as we profess ourselves to be re- 
solvedly against principles and practice of both anarchy and schism, so we hope that 
God, whom we desire to serve and obey, the Lord Jesus Christ, whose ministers we are, 
will both direct and enable us to conduct ourselves, in these trying times, so as our con- 
sciences shall not reproach us as long as we live. Let God arise, and let his enemies be 
scattered, and let them that hate him lly before him, but let the righteous be glad, yea, 
let them exceedingly rejoice. And may the spirit of life and comfort revive and comfort 
this poor swooning and fainting church, quicken her to spiritual life, and restore her to 
the exercise of true charity, peace, and order. 

Although we can freely, and from the bottom of our hearts, justify the Divine pro- 
ceedings against us, in suffering us to fall into these confusions for our sins, and par- 
ticularly for the great decay of the life and ]iower of godliness among all ranks, both 
ministers and people, yet we think it to be our present duty to bear testimony against 
these prevailing disorders, judging that to give way to the breaking down the hedge of 
discipline and government from about Christ's vineyard, is far from being the proper 
method of causing his tender plants to grow in grace and fruitfulness. 

As it is our duty in our station, without delay, to set about a reformation of the evils 
whereby we have provoked God against ourselves, so we judge the strict observation of 
Lis laws of government and order, and not the breaking of them, to be one necessary 
mean and method of this necessary and much to be desired reformation. And we doubt 
not, but when our(iod sees us duly humbled and penitent for our sins, he will yet return 
to us in mercy, and cause us to llourish in spiritual life, love, unity, and order, though 
perhaps we may not live to see it, yet this testimony that we now bear, may be of some 
good use tu our children yet unborn, when God shall arise and have mercy on Zion. 

Ministers : Kobert Cross, John Thomson, Francis Alison, Robert C.-ithcart, Richard 

Zunchy, John Elder, John Craig, Samuel Caven, Samuel Thomson, Adam lioyd, 

James Martin, Robert Jamison. 
Elders : Robert I'orter, Robert McKnight, William McCulloch, John McEuen, Robert 

Rowland, Robert Craig, James Kerr, Alexander McKuight. 



s. 


d. 


00 





10 





00 





00 






1742.] SYNOD OF PIlILADELPniA. 161 

fraying the charges of that meeting-house, the sum of ton pounds be given out 
of the fund for the aforesaid use, and that the Synod lend to said use upon 
sufficient security, the sum of thirty pounds, if said sum can be had next fall, 
.free from interest for three years, and that the same be repaid at ten pounds a 
year. And in case no money come into the Synod's fund, that the Synod agree 
to pay the interest of fifty pounds for five years if required. 

£ 
To the Treasurer, . - - - 6 
To the Janitor, - - - 1 

To Mrs. Glen, .... 3 

To Mrs. Paul, ... 1 

Which overture was read and approved. 

The Synod taking to their serious consideration, that God's judgments are 
abroad in the earth, and that the war in which we are engaged, the threatening 
scarcity of grain by the discouraging prospect of our crops, and the mournful, 
melancholy divisions among us, who profess to be the followers of the Prince 
of Peace, do loudly call for it, that we should keep a day of humiliation, fast- 
ing, and prayer, to implore the merciful and compassionate regard of our good 
God in these difficulties, and that it be left to each Presbytery to appoint the 
time as it will best suit within their respective bounds. Agreed, nemine contra- 
dicente. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Thomson, Thomas Evans, and Alison, defend the pro- 
testation in print if need be. 

Ordered, That Mr. Thomson supply at Norrington the first Sabbath of June, 
Mr. Andrews the first Sabbath of July, Mr. Boyd the first Sabbath of August, 
Mr. Cross the first Sabbath of September, Mr. Alison the first Sabbath of Oc- 
tober, Mr. Elder the first Sabbath of November, Mr. McHenry the first Sabbath 
of December, Mr. Zanchy the first Sabbath of March, Mr. Andrews the first 
Sabbath of April, and Mr. Cross the first Sabbath of May. 

Adjourned to the fourth Wednesday of May next, then to meet at Philadel- 
phia, at three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



1742. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia, according to appointment. 

May 2Qth, 1742. Ubi post preces sederunt 

New York Presbytery : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Ebenezer Pemberton, 
John Pierson, John Nutman, Simon Hortou, Silas Leonard, Azariah Horton. 
Absent : Messrs. Walter Wilmot, Aaron Burr, Nathaniel Hubbel, Isaac Chalker, 
Samuel Pumry. 

Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. John Thomson, Adam Boyd, Richard Zan- 
chy, Samuel Caven, Samuel Black, Samuel Thomson, Alexander McDowell. 
Absent : Messrs. William Bertram, John Elder, John Craig. 

New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Robert Cathcart, Francis Alison. Absent : 
Messrs. Thomas Evans, Hugh Conn, and John Orme. 

Lewes Presbytery. Absent : Messrs. James Martin, Robert Jamison, Hugh 
Carlile. 

Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Robert Cross, David 
Evans, Daniel Elmer, David Cowell, Francis McHenry, John Guild, Samuel 
Evans. 

Elders: Messrs. David Whittit, Nathaniel Hazard, John Ball, Timothy 
Whittit, John Hally, Andrew Gray, Thomas Hope, Walter Caruth, George 
21 



162 MINUTES OF THE [1742. 

Davison, James McTire, William Lindsay, Samuel Steel, William Gray, 
John Cross, Jonathan Fitbian, Samuel Hart, David Griffith, Thomas Stid- 
more. 

jSIr. Dickinson chosen moderator, and Mr. Alison clerk. 

Mr. Andrews, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon on 
2 Cor. iv. 5. 

The absence of New York Presbytery last year, considered, and the excuses 
of some of the members sustained. 

Since our last it hath pleased God to remove by death, the Rev. Mr. Henry 
Hook, of the Presbytery of Lewes. 

Ordained since our last, Mr. Azariah Horton, missionary for the Indians, in 
the l*resbytery of New York; Mr. John Guild and Mr. Samuel Evans, in the 
Presbytery of Philadelphia; and Mr. Alexander McDowell in the Presbytery 
of Donegall. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

May 21 th at nine o^doclc, met, and j^ost j^reces sederunt qui, supra. 
Upon a motion made by the moderator, that our Synod should hold a con- 
ference with the Brunswick brethren that they rejected last year, in order to 
accommodate the difference and make up that unhappy breach, it is agreed, that 
Messrs. Dickinson, Pcmberton, Pierson, Cross, Andrews, Thomson, Cat heart, 
David Evans, and Alison, meet with these brethren, and try all methods 
consistent with gospel truth, to prepare the way for healing the said breach. 
Agreed that the conference be held at the usual place of the Synod's meeting, 
at three in the afternoon, and that the Synod adjourn till nine o'clock to-mor- 
row morning. 

2Sth day, at nine d' clock, post preces sederunt qui siqora. 

Ordered, That the Synod be resolved into an interloquitur of ministers and 
elders, to manage the conference with the ejected brethren, who are allowed, 
if they see cause, to bring with them the ministers that they ordained, that 
were never allowed to be ministers of this Synod, and all their respective 
elders. 

After a great deal of time spent to no purpose, the interloquitur found that 
all attempts for a coalition were vain and fruitless, and therefore it is agreed to 
adjourn till three o'clock, afternoon. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clocJ:, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Mr. Robert Jamison is now present and bis absence excused. 

The Synod entered upon the affair complained of by the ejected members, 
and the question put for the managing said affair was, who should be the judges 
of the case? The ejected members would submit the business to the considera- 
tion of none as judges, but such as had not signed the protest last year. And 
the protesting brethren answered to the point : That they, with the members 
that had adhered to them, after ejecting said members, were the S3'nod, and 
acted as such in the rejection, and in so doing they only cast out such members 
as they judged had rendered themselves unworthy of membership, by openly 
maintaining and practising things subversive of their constitution, and there- 
fore would not be called to account by absent members, or by any judicature 
on earth, but were willing to give the reasons of their conduct to their absent 
brethren, and to the public to consider or review it. 

Ordered, That the Synod, ministers and elders, meet at nine in the morning 
in an interloquitur. 

Adjourned till eleven o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 



1742.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 163 

29th dai/, at 11 o'clock, A. M. met ubi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The interloquitur having entered upon some business without coming to a 
conclusion, the Synod is adjourned till Monday morning at tea of the clock. 
Concluded -with prayer. 

31 day, at ten o'clock, met according to appointment. JJhi post preces 
sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Pemberton, Pierson, Thomson, 
Martin, Boyd, Cathcart, Samuel Evans, McIIenry, Alison, and the moderator, 
be a committee for the fund, and the commission of the Synod for the follow- 
ing year ; and Messrs. Gra}', John Steel, Hazard, and William Linsey, 
be joined with the said committee in the affair of the fund, and that the 
ministers of the commission have elders with them if they have occasion to 
meet. 

A protest was given in by some members of our Synod, which is as follows, 
viz : 

To the reverend Synod now sitting in Philadelphia : We the subscribers, 
in our own and in the name of all that we shall see meet to join with us, look 
upon ourselves obliged in the most public manner, to declare our opinions with 
respect to the division made in our Synod the last year, by a protest that was 
delivered in by several of our members. 

First. We declare against the excluding the Presbytery of New-Bruns- 
wick and their adherents, from the communion of the Synod by a protest, 
without giving them a previous trial, as an illegal aud unprecedented pro- 
cedure, contrary to the rules of the gospel and subversive of our excellent 
constitution. 

Secondly. We declare and protest against the conduct of our brethren, the 
last year's protestors, in refusing to have the legality of their said protest tried 
by the present Synod. 

Thirdly. We therefore declare and protest, that these members of the New- 
Brunswick Presbytery, and their adherents, that were excluded by the last 
year's protest, are to be owned and esteemed as members of this Synod, until 
they are excluded by a regular and impartial process against them, according 
to the methods prescribed in sacred Scripture, and practised by the churches 
of the Presbyterian persuasion. 

Fourthly. We protest against all passages in any of the pamphlets which 
have been lately published in these parts, which seem to reflect upon the work 
of divine power and grace, which has been carrying on in so wonderful a 
manner in many of our congregations, and declare to all the world, that we 
look upon it to be the indispensable duty of all our ministers to encourage 
that glorious work with their most faithful and diligent endeavours. And in 
like manner, we protest and declare against all divisive and irregular methods 
and practices, by which the peace and good order of our churches have been 
broken in upon. 

This is what our duty to God, and our regard to the peace and prosperity 
of his church oblige us to protest and declare, and we desire it may be recorded 
in the minutes of the Synod in perpetuam rei memoriam. 

Jonathan Dickinson, Azariah Horton, 

John Pierson, Nathaniel Hazard, 

Ebenezer Pemberton, David Whitehead, 

Simon Horton, Silas Leonard, 

Daniel Elmer, Timothy Whitehead. 

Philadelphia, May 29, 17-42. 



164 MINUTES OF THE [1743. 

[This is in the first article protestatio contra factum ; for they were excluded 
by a vote of the Synod if they refused to give satisfaction for the points com- 
plained of, and upon this they withdrew.] 

I, the suhscriber, do hereby desire, that it may be inserted in the Synod's 
minute book, that I judge it an open infringement on the rights of society, and 
particularly on our rights as Presbyterians, for any absent members to pretend 
to a right to call the body to an account, and judge of the legality of proceed- 
ings in acts, resolutions, and conclusions made in their absence. Though T 
firmly believe that it is the duty of such a body to submit such resolutions and 
conclusions to a review of the next Synod ; and though I look on it as giving 
up some of our rights, yet it is my earnest desire, and what I insist on, 
that the merits of the cause for which last year's Synod excluded the IJruus- 
wick brethren and adherents, be fairly tried by this present Synod, in order to 
manifest the justness of said proceedings. 

Francis Alison. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May, at three o'clock, afternoon, 
and then to meet at Philadelphia. Concluded with prayer.* 

1743. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia, according to appointment, 

Mai/ 'Ibth, 1743. Lhi post prcccs sederunt 

IMinisters of New York Presbytery : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Ebene- 
zer Pemberton, John Pierson, Aaron Burr, John Nutman. Absent : Messrs. 
Walter Wilmot, Nathaniel Hubbel, Silas Leonard, Azariah Horton, Simon 
Ilorton, Samuel Pumry. 

New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Robert Cathcart, Francis Alison, Robert 
Jamison. Absent : Messrs. Hugh Conn, John Ormc, and Hugh Stevenson. 

Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. John Thomson, Adam Boyd, Samuel Black, 
John Elder, Richard Zanchy, Samuel Caveu, Alexander McDowell, Hamilton 

* The commission of the Synod met at four in the afternoon. 

Upon a siipplication of the peojile of Apoquinimy, to be joined to the Presbytery of 
New Castle, and Mr. Jamison re])resenting that their Presbytery was so weali that they 
could not meet upon business, it was agreed that the Presbytery of Lewes do joia with 
that of New Castle. 

The Presbytery of New Castle having applied for advice to the Synod, with relation to 
Mr. .John Steel, a probationer from Ireland, who otlered himself to our care as a candi- 
date for the sacred work of the ministry, but was umler some difficulty with relation to 
a marriage promise claimed by a young woman in Ireland, as his testimonials set forth, 
and by reason of some steps taken by him in his marriage in this country: The com- 
mission finding in all things, that his conduct at home and in tliis country, has been fair 
ami unblamable, those things excepted, do advise the Presbytery of New Castle to defer 
taking him on trials till December next. And in the mean time, desire that both the 
young man and the Pres>)ytery, write to the Presbytery of Londou-Derry, in Ireland, to 
see if any further light may l>e obtained in said all'air. 

Upon the sujijilication of several of the back inhabitants of Virginia, desiring that the 
commission of tlie Synod would draw up a supplication to be sent to the General Assem- 
bly in Scotland or tiieir commission, begging the favour that they may send over a pro- 
bationer or minister, tliat they think suitably qualitied for that place, to take the pas- 
toral charge of said people. It is agreed that Messrs. Andrews and Cross write to them 
by the tirst suitable opportunity. 

The Synod having given orders last year to some of their number, to answer such wri- 
tings as might be needful to set the present debate in a true light ; notwithstanding we 
think it is the Synod's business to see tlie Printer's accounts cleared, yet the commission 
recommend it earnestly to every Presbytery, and to every person, to be careful to bring 
in the price of the books disposed of in their bounds or by themselves, in order to defray 
said expense, before they proceed to contribute any thing further out of the fund. 
Concluded with prayer. 



1743.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 165 

Bell, John Hindman. Absent : Messrs. William Bertram, Samuel Thomson, 
John Craig. 

Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Robert Cross, Daniel 
Elmer, David Cowell, Francis McHenry, and Samuel Evans. Absent : 
Messrs. David Evans and John Guild. 

Elders : Messrs. Alexander Walker, James Donnel, Matthew Atchinson, 
Daniel Henderson, George Davison, William Stevenson, John McEwen, 
Arthur Patterson, William Gray, John Ogden, Samuel Hart, and David 
Griffith. 

Mr. Dickinson, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon 
on 1 Cor. i. 10. 

Mr. David Cowell chosen moderator, and Mr. Alison clerk. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

26 day at ten o'clock, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Messrs. Leonard and the Hortons' absence excused. Mr. Chalker is re- 
moved out of our bounds. 

Mr. Hugh Stevenson absent. This affair to be considered. 

Messrs. Thomas Evans and James Martin, of the Presbytery of New 
Castle, removed by death since our last, and likewise Mr. Joel Evans, proba- 
tioner. 

Since our last, Mr. Bell and Mr. Hindman were ordained by the Presby- 
tery of Donegall. 

Messrs. Bertram, Samuel Thomson, and Craig are excused for their absence. 
Mr. David Evans excused for his absence. 

A paper being brought in by Thomas Cookson, Esq. one of his majesty's 
justices, for the county of Lancaster, in the name of the Governor, to be laid 
before and considered by us, the Synod agrees to defer all other business, and 
set aside the common methods of their proceeding, to consider it, and orders 
it to be read. The above mentioned paper, with an affidavit concerning it, 
being read in open Synod, it was unanimously agreed : That it is full of trea- 
son, sedition, and distraction, and grievous perverting of the sacred oracles to 
the ruin of all societies and civil government, and directly and diametrically 
opposite to our religious principles, as we have on all occasions openly and 
publicly declared to the world ; and we hereby unanimously, with the greatest 
sincerity, declare that we detest this paper, and with it all principles and prac- 
tices that tend to destroy the civil or religious rights of mankind, or to foment 
or encourage sedition or dissatisfaction with the civil government that we are 
now under, or rebellion, treason, or any thing that is disloyal. And if Mr. 
Alexander Craighead be the author we know nothing of the matter. And we 
hereby declare, that he hath been no member of our society for some time 
past, nor do we acknowledge him as such, though we cannot but heartily 
lament that any man that was ever called a Presbyterian, should be guilty of 
what is in this paper. And we order, that a committee be appointed to draw 
up an address to the governor on this occasion, and that the committee be 
Messrs. Dickinson, Pemberton, Alison, and the moderator, and bring it into 
the Synod for approbation. 

Adjourned till four o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At four o'clocJc, P. M. met, xihi post preces sederunt qui sujira. 

Mr. Stevenson's affair deferred. 

The address was brought in and approved. Ordered, That the ministers 
of the Synod wait on the governor and present this address, together with a 
copy of our minute with relation to this affair. 



166 MINUTES OF THE [1743. 

Mr. Elder's absence last year is excused. 

Mr. Jones was ordained by the New York Presbytery since our last. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pemberton, Pierson, 
Thomson, Boyd, Cathcart, Samuel Evans, McHenry, Alison, and the mode- 
rator, be a committee for tlie fund, and the commission of the Synod for the 
following year; and that William Gray, Arthur Patterson, and James Donnel, 
be joined with the said committee in the affair of the fund : and that the mi- 
nisters of the commission shall endeavour to bring elders with them if they 
have occasion to meet, and that six of them with the moderator, shall be a 
quorum. 

Ordered, That Mr. McDowell and Mr. Bell revise the Presbytery Book of 
Philadelphia. And that all our Presbyteries punctually bring their books. 
Laving all neglected to do so, Philadelphia Presbytery only excepted. 

Infjuiry being made who had this year brought money to the fund, it was 
found that Mr. Alison, Mr. Bell, Messrs. Andrews and Cross, and Mr. Cowell, 
had broutfht something;. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

27</i day, at ten o'cloc/i, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui siqn-a. 

The affair of Hugh Stevenson was taken under consideration, upon which 
the Synod came into the following resolution : The Presbytery of New Cas- 
tle having suspended 31r. Stevenson on account of some scandals alleged 
against him, and his neglecting to appear before them to vindicate himself, 
notwithstanding he was called upon to do it, and having referred the further 
consideration of this affair to the Synod, the Synod having considered their 
reference, do look upon the conduct of the New Castle I'resbytery as regular, 
and continue Mr. Stevenson under suspension till he shall be prcsbyterially 
cleared from these scandals alleged against him, and desire the New Castle 
Presbytery to take the first opportunity they conveniently can, to inquire into 
Mr. Stevenson's conduct, in order to a final determination. 

Adjourned till four o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

At four o'clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Some papers were given in to the Synod from some of the congregation at 
Abington. The consideration of them deferred. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at ten o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

I^th day. At ten o'clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui suj)ra. 

Ordered, That the Abington papers be read ; and the persons that brought 
them were referred back to their own Presbytery of Philadelphia. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, on Monday morning. Concluded with prayer. 

On Monday morning the meeting of the Synod was deferred till four o'clock, 
P. M. that some proposals of peace and agreement might be prepared and 
sent to the Brunswick Presbytery. 

80 day. 3Ict at four o'clock, P. 31. Uhi post preces sederunt qui 
supra. 

An overture was brought by the Presbytery of New York, which was ordered 
to be read, and was as followeth, viz : 

At a Presbytery convened at Newark, May Ify 174.3. 

An overture from the l*resbytery of New York, to be proposed to the Synod 
of Philadelphia, at their next meeting. 



1743.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 167 

The Presbytery taking into consideration the melancholy divisions that have 
of late obtained in the Synod, to the great dishonour of God, the scandal of 
our holy profession, the prejudice of our religious interests, and the too gi'eat 
encouragement of those dangerous errors and delusions which are making such 
a progress among us, think it our duty to contribute all we can towards healing 
these breaches, and promoting the unity of the Spirit in the bonds of peace, 
and do therefore propose : 

1. That inasmuch as the Presbytery cannot see how the excluding the Pres- 
15ytery of New-Brunswick, and those other ministers that join with them by a 
protestation, without a particular hearing, and deliberate vote of the Synod, 
formed upon such a distinct hearing of the case, can be agreeable to the laws 
of Christ, or any rules of discipline that have ever been known among any 
churches of our profession : we therefore propose that the said protestation 
be withdrawn, and those members peaceably take their place in the Synod as 
formerly. 

2. Whereas it is of greatest necessity that the education of our candidates 
for the ministry be well regulated, and that our former difference upon that 
subject be healed, we propose that all such, who for the future shall be pri- 
vately educated with a design for improvement in the ministry of the gospel, 
shall submit to the former agreement of the Synod in that case, or else be sent 
to one of the colleges in New England, and accept of such a station there as they 
are found qualified for, and that they continue there at least one year, and obtain 
their degree of bachelor of arts. And in case there should be any pious and 
promising youths that are privately educated for the ministry, who cannot well 
bear the charge of continuing so long at the college, they shall, upon the com- 
mendation of their respective Presbyteries, and the approbation of the Synod, 
or commission of the Synod, have such allowances from the Synod for their 
support at the college, as the Synod or their commission shall think proper, and 
so much of the income of the fund as is sufficient shall be appropriated to that 
purpose. 

3. Whereas there have been differences among us with respect to itinerant 
preaching, with the consequences of it, we propose that there be an united 
agreement of the Synod, that all our pulpits be open to those ministers that are 
in our communion, and we unanimously resolve to invite each other to preach 
in our respective parishes as occasion offers. And for any minister to refuse 
another minister the use of his pulpit when regularly applied to, and to continue 
in that refusal from time to time, shall be looked upon as an unbrotherly prac- 
tice, tending to division and separation among us. Provided always, that the 
minister refusing his pulpit as aforesaid, has not such reason for his conduct as 
shall be approved by the Presbytery, or Synod, or commission of the Synod. 
And that there may be no schism or confusions maintained in our congrega- 
tions, it be proposed that all our ministers shall be obliged, that they will not 
for the future promote or encourage any divisions or separations, neither by 
setting up separate meetings in any of our congregations, nor by any methods 
whatsoever endeavouring to alienate the affections of the people from their 
minister ; but that every one of us shall do what we can to assist one another, 
and strengthen each other's hands in the work of the Lord. And every contra- 
vention of this article shall be looked upon as just matter of censure either by 
Presbytery or Synod. 

4. It is also proposed that, if any of our ministers either really have or sup- 
pose they have just matter of complaint against any of their brethren in the 
ministry within our bounds, with respect either to his doctrine, manner of 
preaching, diligence in his discharge of the more public or private parts of his 
ministerial duties, or with respect to his conduct or conversation, such minister 
shall first in a kind, tender, and affectionate manner, particularly make known 



168 MINUTES OF THE [1743. 

the matter of his complaint to such of his hrethren in a private conference. 
Aad if these endeavours foil of desired success, he shall put into his hands a 
■written copy of his complaints, with a citation to answer them before his Pres- 
bjtery, or before the Synod, or commission of the Synod, as the complainant 
shall think fit. 

5. It is also proposed, that all former matters of diflforence and debate in the 
Synod, be now entirely buried in oblivion, and that each minister of the Synod 
do from this time treat one another with the same intimate love, kindness, and 
respect, as if such differences had never been. This article not being to l5e 
understood as excluding any of our ministers from reasoning eithen^ublicly or 
privately in a brotherly, or a Christian manner, against any point of doctrine 
which they suppose erroneous or dangerous. 

6. The Presbytery considering the absolute necessity of union and good 
agreement in a religious society, since a kingdom divided against itself cannot 
stand, do earnestly pray, that this or some other plan of accommodation be 
come into at this meeting of the Synod. But if our hopes in that matter should 
prove abortive, and no methods can be obtained, it is proposed that this Synod 
do unitedly agree that another Synod be erected, by the name of the Synod of 
New York, and that any of our members shall have liberty to join themselves 
to which of the two Synods they shall think fit ; and in order to our communion 
one with another, and to consult the general interest of religion in these parts, 
it Is proposed that there be two correspondents sent yearly from each Synod to 
the other. 

Ebenezer Pemberton, Moderator. 

These inserted in the next year's minutes. 

Some remarks upon the above overture were read ; and after some considera- 
tion it was put to vote, whether this overture was to be accepted as a plan of 
accommodation or not, and it was unanimously voted in the negative. 

A paper was upon this given in by Mr. Jonathan Dickinson, in his own name, 
and in the names of Messrs. Ebenezer Pembcrton, John Pierson, and Aaron 
Burr, having previously declared that they complain of no unfriendly or unbro- 
therly treatment from the Synod with relation to themselves, but that their 
conduct in this affair may be liable to misrepresentations, which said paper is as 
follows : 

As I look upon myself to be a member of the Synod of Philadelphia, and 
have a continued riglit to sit and act in the same as such, so I look upon the 
New Brunswick Presbytery, ar:d those other brethren that adhere to them, and 
are therefore shut out of the Synod on that account, to be truly members of this 
Synod as myself, or any others whatsoever, and have a just claim to sit and act 
with us. I cannot, therefore, at present see my way clear to sit and act as 
though we were the Synod of Pliiladcljtlila, while the New Brunswick Presby- 
tery, and the other members with tlicm, are kept out of the Synod in the manner 
they now arc. 

A proposal of agreement and union ])otween us and the brethren of New 
Brunswick was sent to those brctlircn by Mr. Aaron Burr, which is as fol- 
loweth, viz. 

Proposals made to the New Brunswick brethren, in order to their being ad- 
mitted to take their places in the Synod, upon a Scripture foundation. 

Forasmuch as we are informed that the New Brunswick brethren are willing 
and desirous of reconciliation and union with the Synod, and to know on 
what terms this may be obtained : That the said brethren may be fully per- 
suaded that we have no delight in division for its own sake, but on the con- 
trary, are sincerely desirous of union and peace upon just and reasonable terms, 
so that upon our cordial agreement there be a foundation laid, that, through 



1743.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 169 

Grod's blessing, may prevent the havock and destruction of the church threat- 
ened by our common enemies. Therefore we propose : 

1. That as they desire to be received and treated as members of our Synod 
they will submit to the determinations and conclusions of our judicatures, even 
in those cases wherein they are negatives in giving their votes, and so allow a 
determination to be by the majority, or else no longer plead a right of member- 
ship ; and that they renounce their principles delivered in their Apology, espe- 
cially that whereby they declare that Presbyteries and Synods have no right to 
make any agreements, or come to any determinations by votes that shall bind 
any members who do not give their consent to those conclusions or determina- 
tions. For without this recantation they can never be members of this Synod, 
seeing they put in a claim for arbitrary power to destroy and overturn all our 
agreements, and to despise and disregard our censures, as they have already 
professedly done, in licensing and ordaining so many men for the work of the 
ministry. 

2. If they profess they will use all endeavours to secure a learned ministry, 
we desire that they testify this by desisting from licensing or ordaining men 
for the work of the ministry, who have not complied with the Synod's agree- 
ment, or the alternative proposed in the last year's conference with these breth- 
ren, and that they give up all those persons that they have heretofore licensed 
or ordained in opposition to our public agreement, to be examined and tried by 
the Synod whether they have suitable ministerial qualifications, or that they 
will not maintain ministerial communion with any of them for the future, who 
refuse to be examined by the Synod, or who, upon examination, are found defi- 
cient, until they give suitable satisfaction. 

3. That for the future they will desist from either acting or preaching, or 
sending their missionaries within the bounds of our Presbyteries, or fixed pas- 
toral charges as heretofore ; that they will not encourage new separate societies 
in congregations as heretofore, nor supply with preaching the societies they have 
made or occasioned, among the people under our care, but declare that all such 
practices are of pernicious tendency, and inconsistent with the Presbyterian 
plan. 

4. That they will not publicly nor privately endeavour to diminish the char- 
acter of any minister as graceless, unconverted, or unworthy of his office, until 
he be tried by a proper judicature and censured; and that they claim no right 
to judge of men's spiritual estates towards God, so as to determine whether they 
be gracious or graceless, if sound in the faith, and of a gospel life and conversa- 
tion, and that they condemn all such practices. 

5. That they renounce all such tenets or doctrines that have been advanced 
in Mr. Tennent's Nottingham sermon, which are contrary to our Presbyterian 
plan and subversive of gospel order, and a floodgate to let in divisions and dis- 
orders into the church, such as an allowance to church members to guess at 
the spiritual state of their pastors, and upon this guess, without further trial, 
to leave them as graceless and unconverted; their asserting an inward call to 
the ministry, in opposition and contradiction to the outward call, or ordaining 
to the gospel ministry, and all who maintain them can be no members of a 
Presbyterian society or church, because they take all government out of the 
hands of a Synod or Presbytery, and give it to any person that hath ignorance 
and impudence enough to bring God's house into confusion. 

6. That they acknowledge that too many of them have been guilty in all 
these points, and that notwithstanding whatever zeal and intention to advance 
a work of grace they might have been influenced by, yet now they are con- 
vinced that these practices have had a dreadful tendency to promote and spread 
the divisions and confusions that perplex and disturb this church. 

7. We propose that, if they have any ground of complaint against any of 

22 



170 MINUTES OF THE [1743. 

our members, with respect to their doctrine, their conversation, or diligence in 
the ministry, that they shall be welcome to table the charge against them in a 
proper jiulieatory, whether they comply with these terms or not ; and that, 
if they satisfy us in these points, and accept their seats in our Synod, all other 
grounds of complaint shall be removed, either by public trial, or such other 
method as they and we in conjunction shall determine, and will best promote 
the glory of God, and the good of his church. And we declare that if all or 
any of these brethren accept these terms, or any other that we and they can 
devise or come to, that will lay a foundation to secure these important rights of 
societies, a learned and pious ministry, and to prevent errors and divisions, in a 
way agreeable to God's word, and the Presbyterian constitution, we are heartily 
willing to receive them ; and we desire that they may give us their answer to 
these heads as soon as they can conveniently. 

These proposals were sent in an extra-judicial way to the Brunswick brethren, 
upon reading of which in open Synod, it was agreed that these proposals were 
reasonable, in order to open a way toward an accommodation and interview 
between these brethren and us. And to these we received an answer by Mr. 
William Tennent, junior, which is as followeth : 

Upon a paper sent to us from the ministers that protested against us, propos- 
ing certain terms of union, this conjunct meeting of the Presbyteries of iS'ew 
Brunswick and New Castle does judge that there can be no regular methods of 
proceeding towards the compassing a stated union between them and us, until 
their illegal pi-otest be withdrawn ; yet so they and we may both stand upon an 
equal foot in the regular trial of the differences between us. That their paper 
contains sundry misrepresentations and unreasonable demands, and that we have 
several charges against them to be satisfied in before we could come into a 
settled luiion with them. 

Upon reading our nunutes, it was proposed, that as the protestation of the 
New York brethren seems to complain of the conduct of this Synod, in the 
year 1741, ordered, that the protestation delivered in that year be entered into 
our minutes; which protestation is accordingly to be found at the end of the 
minutes for this year. 

A paper in answer to the New York brethren's protestation, being read in 
open Synod, it was unanimously agreed, that it be kept in rcicntis. 

Upon a supplication brough by Mr. Alison, desiring that Mr. McDowell be 
joined to the I'resbytery of New Castle, in order to answer the repeated suppli- 
cations of Elk-lliver and White-Clay Creek, ordered, that he be joined to it, and 
that they supply Nottingham for a year. 

Messrs. Andrews and Cross did write to the General Assembly in Scotland, 
in favour of the back inhabitants of Virginia, as was desired. 

Ordered, that the committee for the fund meet to-morrow, at eight o'clock, 
and the Synod at ten. Concluded with prayer. 

31 day, at ten o\lock, A. 31. according to appointment. Ubi jMst p?'ccTS 
sede7'unt qui supra. (Some excepted who were gone home.) 

The committee have not brought in the account of the fund ; Ordered, They 
settle it now and bring it against the next meeting. 

Agreed to remit a bond of Mr. Houston's, dated July 25th, 1740, in favour 
of his widow and her family. 

A proposal was made to write to the General Assembly of the cliurch of 
Scotland, and lay before them the low and melancholy condition of the infant 
church, both for want of probationers to supply our numerous vacancies, and 
also for want of a suitable encouragement for ministers in new settlemcuts, and 
intreat them both to send ministers and probationers to us, and to allow them 



£ 


s. 


d. 


2 


10 





6 


00 





1 


10 





5 


00 





3 


00 






1744.] SYNOD OF PIIIlADELPIIIA. 171 

some small support out of tlieir fund for some years in new places. And that 
they be pleased to enable us in some measure, or by some method, to erect a 
seminary or school for educating young men for these ends among ourselves. 
This was agreed to, and ordered, that Messrs. Cross, Andrews, and Thomson, 
write a letter to the Assembly, and let them know our circumstances. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery of Philadelphia regard the people of Abing- 
ton, and supply there as oft as they can conveniently, if they find that their 
case requires it. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Alison and McDowell write to some gentlemen in 
Virginia, acquainting them with our application to the General Assembly of 
Scotland, and begging their interest to further that design. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Cathcart, and the moderator, wait 
on the governor, and present the address. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at two o'cloclc, P, M. 

Disbursements from the fund allowed per the committee for the year 1743, 
as followeth, viz. 

To Archibald McMullen for services done, 
To the Treasurer, . - . . . 
To the Janitor, .... 

To Mrs. Glen, 

To Mrs. Hook, 

The sum total of the fund before any disbursements, as computed by the 
committee, 1743, five hundred and seventy pounds, sixteen shillings and seven 
pence. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next, at three o'clock, P. M. 
and then to meet at Philadelphia. Concluded with prayer. 

1744. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia according to appointment. 

3Ia>/ 2od, 1744. Vhi j)Ost preces sederunt 

Minister of New Castle Presbytery : Mr. Alexander McDowell. Absent — 

Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. John Thomson, Adam Boyd, John Craig, 
John Elder. Absent — • 

Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Robert Cross, Daniel 
Elmer, Samuel Evans. 

New York Presbytery absent. 

Elders : Alexander Montgomery, James Read, Hugh Rippey, William 
Wilson, William Johnston, William Gray, Edward Lummis, and James 
Abraham. 

Mr. Andrews opened the Synod by a sermon on Ezek. iii. 17. Mr. Cowell, 
the last year's moderator, being absent. 

Many of the members being absent, and expected to be present to-morrow, 
it is concluded that the Synod adjourn to nine o'clock, to-morrow morning, 
before they enter upon business. Concluded with prayer. 

24i'7i day at nine o'clocTc. 3Iet according to appointment. Uhi post preces 
sederunt qui supra. 

And upon calling the roll the following members present who were absent 
yesterday, viz : Messrs. George Gillespie, Robert Cathcart, and Francis 
Alison, of the New Castle Presbytery. And that Presbytery reports, that 
since our last they have ordained to the work of the ministry Mr. Timothy 
Grifiith and Mr. John Steel, they having passed the usual trials and adopted the 



172 MINUTES OF THE [1744. 

Westminster Confession and Catechisms as the confession of their faith, ac- 
cording to order of the Synod in that case provided. They also inform us, 
that pursuant to a call drawn up by the people of Snow-Hill, Buckingham, 
and the Ferry, in Worcester in Maryland, and with the Presbytery's concur- 
rence, sent to the Presbytery of Paisley in North Britain, the llev. Mr. James 
Scougal accepted the said call. And having produced sufficient testimonials 
of his piety, learning, prudence, soundness in the faith, blameless conversation 
and ordination by them, was admitted as a member of the Presbytery of New 
Castle. And the Sj-nod admitted these brethren into membership. 

Of Doncgall Presbytery, Mr. Black is now present. Absent : Messrs. 
Samuel Thomson, Richard Zanchy, Bertrani, Iliudman, and Samuel Caven. 
(Mr. Bell was suspended by said Presbytery.) 

Present now of Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. David Evans and Francis 
McHenry. 

Elders of the ministers absent yesterday : Messrs. John ]McMichael, William 
McCulloch, Thomas James, David Patterson, Samuel Hart, James Kerr. 

Mr. McHenry chosen moderator, and Mr. McDowell clerk. 

We find that upon reading the last year's roll, Mr. Robert Jamison is re- 
moved by death since our last, as also Mr. Hugh Stevenson. 

Mr. Samuel Pumry's absence now excused, on account of bodily indisposi- 
tion. 

Mr. David Evans gave reasons for his last year's absence, which were sus- 
tained. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Dickinson, Pierson, Nutman, John 
Thomson, Boyd, Black, Samuel Evans, Cathcart, Alison, Gillespie, and the 
moderator, be the committee for the fund and the commission of the Synod for 
the ensuing year. And ]\Iessrs. William Gray, Samuel Hart, William McCul- 
loch, William Wilson, elders, be joined with them in the affair of the fund j 
and that every minister endeavour to have an elder with him if the Synod's 
commission have occasion to meet ; and that five ministers and the moderator 
be a quorum of the commission. 

Ordered, That Messrs. JJoyd and Griffith revise the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia ; and Messrs. Alison and Cathcart the Presbytery book of Done- 
gall, and that these books be delivered the next sederunt. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery of New Castle, not having their book now, 
do put it in order and bring it to be revised by the Sj^nod the next year. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money to the fund, it was found that 
Messrs. Andrews, Cross, McHenry, and Craig, had brought some. 

Upon reading our last year's minutes, we find an overture presented by the 
Presbytery of New York, and that remarks upon it were read in Synod, but 
these remarks not being entered in the Synod book, it is now ordered, that they 
be inserted here in this place. They are as follows : 

Some short hints by way of remark on an overture designed to 1)C laid before 
the Synod of I'hiladelphia by the brethren of the l^resbj'tery of New York, sub- 
mitted by the said brethren to the consideration of the other members of the 
Synod in a private extra-jiulicial v;\iy. 

On the introduction remark : How far the following particulars of the over- 
ture are conducive to the good end proposed, will be best known by a partieular 
consideration of them. 

On article first remark : Notwithstanding of what is alleged by our breth- 
ren, we are still of the mind that the exclusion of the New Brunswick 
brethren by the protestation mentioned, is sufficiently justified by the reasons 
specified in the said protestation ; which reasons are further strengthened by 
the conduct of the said brethren ever since. And were it needful to produce 
them, there are not wanting precedents of this method of procedure in Pres- 



1744.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 173 

byterian churclies, yea and in civil judicatures; and therefore we think it 
altogether inconsistent with duty and a good conscience, to withdraw said 
protest or recede from it. And further, it is our judgment, that the only 
sensible expedient in order to reunion, in the present circumstances is, that 
the Now Brunswick, &c. would let us know under their hand, how far they 
will or can comply, to give the Synod satisfaction for the offences complained 
of, by acknowledging their past misconduct, and by giving satisfactory security 
against the fears of the like offences for the future. 

On the second article remark : If the Brunswick brethren would once give 
such satisfaction to the Synod for their past conduct, in opposition to our act 
of Synod, relating to the examination of candidates for the ministry, it seems 
not unlikely that we might agree either in the amendment thereof, or in insti- 
tuting an equivalent for the future. But if no reparation be made for the 
damages done by their past conduct in opposition to said act, we think it vain 
to talk of substituting an equivalent for the future. And, therefore, we also 
would desire to know from these brethren under their hands, what satisfaction 
they are willing to give the Synod on this head. 

On article the third : Our judgment in respect of being obliged to open our 
pulpits to itinerants, and to invite them to preach in them, sub j^oena of being 
esteemed unbrotherly, and promoters of division and separation, is so fiir differ- 
ent and opposite to our New York brethren's judgment, that we verily be- 
lieve, that such a constitution or order as our brethren talk of, is of most visi- 
ble and obvious tendency to promote division and separation, and every thing 
that is unbrotherly and uncharitable. Neither is it enough that there are no 
endeavours to set up separate meetings in our congregations, but also that all 
these already set up, be obliged to return to their pastors and congregations, 
or else be deemed and dealt with as disorderly. And that the New Bruns- 
wick brethren, &c. shall take such methods as the Synod shall prescribe, to 
persuade those whom they have influenced to separate, to return again to their 
respective folds and pastors. In fact we think the proposal has a visible, 
plain, and native tendency to advance the mischief it pretends to prevent, and 
to prevent and destroy the good it pretends to advance. We think that to 
give any minister a right to preach in any brother's pulpit contrary to his 
inclination, without presbyterial order for that purpose, is the direct way to 
breed and foment divisions, and quench brotherly love among ministers. 
Where love and esteem actually subsist there is no need for such right to be 
pleaded by the itinerant; and when jealousy, and want of love and esteem do 
prevail, such an order would undoubtedly increase them. Besides, we think 
that itinerant preaching, properly so called, (i. e. when preaching is the prin- 
cipal_ end for travel,) except by express order of Presbytery, hath no founda- 
tion in the word of God. Even Paul and Barnabas had a particular order for 
their travelling among the Gentiles. And therefore we propose that it still be 
left as it always hath been, to the discretionary agreement of the ministers 
concerned, when one minister shall preach in another's pulpit, and that no 
minister be allowed to travel abroad to preach, i. e. for preaching's sake, with- 
out an actual or virtual order from his respective Presbytery, together with the 
concurrence of the Presbytery where he preaches. 

On article fourth remark : This article is for substance the same with what 
hath been in force and practice in all well regulated Presbyterian churches ; 
saving that the order of process is inverted or perverted, inasmuch as it puts 
it in the accuser or prosecutor, to bring things per saltum^ before a superior 
jurisdiction. It is therefore our judgment, that according to the natural order 
of things, and the known practice of all Presbyterian churches in the world, 
that every person or case be tried by or before its next or lowest judicature to 
which he or it is subject. 



174 MINUTES OF THE [1744. 

On the fifth remark : Tliis article we approve on supposition, that, union on 
a good foundation were obtained; otherwise we think this artich', if in force, 
would enjuiii what is not only unreasonable but also impossible in the nature 
of the thing, viz : That the Brunswick bretliren and we should be sincere in 
treating one another with the same intimate love, kindness, and respect, as if 
such differences had never been, while yet we have received no satisfaction 
for the past most public and injurious treatment, which we have suffered at 
their hands. And to enjoin it, we think would be in the consequence of it, 
foolish, wicked, and utterly inconsistent with the principles of rational self- 
preservation, and the trust reposed in us by our exalted Lord. Inasmuch as it 
would be to put it in the power of those Avho have been tearing our bowels, 
and the bowels of Christ's church under our care these years past, to persist 
withoiit resistance in the same practice, and to act the same cruelty over again. 
While we have not any reasonable scriptural evidence of their re])entance for 
past injuries, nor security against the like treatment for the future. Besides 
that it is contrary to the general Scripture rules of dealing with scandalous 
offenders. Them that sin rebuke before all. Count him, viz : the obstinate 
offender as an heathen or publican, and avoid the authors of division as persons 
who serve not the Lord Christ but their own bellies. 

On article sixth remark : To give into this article would be to approve of 
and confirm schism by our Synodical authority. For seeing the reason for 
erecting such a new Synod, is because we cannot live in union and concord ; 
surely one of the parties at least, must be certainly and really in the fault ; 
and for our Synod to approve of a faulty party, separating on the score of con- 
tention, is evidently to ratify schism by Synodical authority; besides, this 
would infer our consenting to the perpetuating a continual temptation to build 
up the interest of our own respective parties or Synods respectively, in oppo- 
sition to one another, i. e. in opposition to the opposite Synod, which we our- 
selves have erected and approved. Therefore we cannot in conscience com- 
ply with it. But if our New York brethren, &c. shall now see cause, con- 
trary to our judgment and inclination, to divide themselves from us, and to 
erect themselves into a new separate body, as it is not in our power to hinder 
them, though we cannot in conscience approve of their so doing, yet we hope, 
that by the grace of God, we shall sincerely and conscientiously endeavour to 
cherish and cultivate a truly Christian and charitable disposition towards them, 
as far as such a contentious separation will allow, and as far as we can attain 
unto, in opposition to the remains of the corruption and uncharitablenoss, 
which we have reason to acknowledge doth too much and too often prevail in 
and over us all. Provided always, that our brethren shall not hereby think 
that we will bind ourselves from vindicating our conduct, with respect to this 
breach in the most public manner, so that the Reformed churches and impartial 
world may have an opportunity to judge in the afiiiir. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. M. po&t preces sederunt qui svp>ra. 

Mr. McDowell's affair referred to further consideration. 

The time of meeting of the committee for the fund deferred. 

Messrs. Andrews and Cross wrote to the General Assembly of the Church of 
Scotland, according to appointment. 

The Presbytery of Philadeli»hia report, that they have supplied the people of 
Ahington divers times, according to last year's appointment. 

Messrs. Alison and McDowell report, that they have writ to some gentlemen 
in Virginia, acquainting them of our application to the General Assembly of 
Scotland, as appointed last year. 



17-14.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 175 

Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Cathcart, &c. report, tliat they waited on the 
Governor with the address, according to appointment. 

Mr. Bell materially appealed from a judgment of suspension laid on him 
by the Presbytery of Donegall, and requested the Synod would appoint a 
committee to meet at Donegall on that affiiir. And it is ordered, that Messrs. 
John Thomson, Robert Cross, Adam Boyd, Samuel Thomson, Hindman, 
Gillespie, McDowell, and Griffith, be a committee to meet there the second 
Wednesday of June next, at twelve o'clock, to hear and determine that affair, 
and that Mr. Bell continue under suspension till the committee meet. And 
it is further determined that a copy of this minute be sent to the congregation 
of Donegall as soon as possible, and that Mr. Black or Mr. Elder take care 
to deliver the said copy, to be communicated to the members, that they prepare 
evidences and be ready for a trial of that affair. And it is ordered, that Mr. 
Gillespie open the committee with a sermon. 

A representation from many people of North Carolina, was laid before the 
Synod showing their desolate condition, and requesting the Synod to take 
their estate into consideration, and petitioning that we woiild appoint one of 
our number to correspond with them. Ordered, That Mr. John Thomson 
correspond with them. 

Ordered, That Messrs. David Evans, Samuel Evans, and Griffith, write to 
Wales, representing the state of our church, and to desire a probationer may 
be sent from them to us if they possibly can. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow. Concluded with prayer. 

25th da7/, at ten o'clock. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

New Castle Presbytery desiring Mr. McDowell might be entirely loosed 
from Donegall and joined to them ; and Mr. McDowell desiring the advice of 
the Synod to determine him in this affair, it was unanimously voted that he 
should be joined to New Castle Presbytery, and the congregation of Notting- 
ham is continued and wholly joined with New Castle Presbytery. 

The affair of the fund deferred. 

A letter from Mr. Hutchinson, containing his opinion of the proceedings of 
the Synod and New-Brunswick party, and advices to the Synod, was read be- 
fore us. And the Synod judges, that so far as his advices appear agreeable to 
the word of God, they have walked agreeable to them, and hope they will 
endeavour still to make conscience of doing so. Ordered, That Mr. Alison 
write to Mr. Hutchinson an answer to his letter. 

The minutes of a committee held at the great valley, November 16th, 1743, 
by a private agreement between the Presbyteries of Philadelphia, New Castle, 
and Donegall, were laid before us, showing that the said committee consid- 
ered the necessity of using speedy endeavours to educate youth for supply- 
ing our vacancies. But the proper method for this end cannot be so well com- 
passed without the Synod ; they refer the further consideration of the affiiir to 
that reverend body, but agree that in the mean time a school !be opened for the 
education of youth. And the Synod now approve that design, and take the 
said school under our care, and agree upon the following plan for carrying on 
that design : 

1. That there be a school kept open where all persons who please may send 
their chilch-en and have them instructed gratis in the languages, philosophy, and 
divinity. 

2. In order to carry on this design, it is agreed that every congregation 
under our care, be applied to for yearly contributions, more or less, as they can 
afford, and as God may incline them to contribute, until Providence open a door 
for our supporting the school some other way. 

3. That if any thing can be spared besides what may support a master 



176 MIXUTES OF THE [1744 

and tutor, that it be employed by the trustees for buying books and other 
necessaries for said school, and for the benefit of it, as the trustees shall 
see proper. And Mr. Alison is chosen master of said school, and has the 
privilege of choosing an usher under him to assist him; and the said Mr. 
Alison is exempted from all public business, save only attending church 
judicatures, and what concerns his particular pastoral charge. And the 
Synod agree to allow Mr. Alison twenty pounds per annum, and the usher 
fifteen pounds. 

The further consideration of this afi"air deferred till the afternoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P M. Concluded with prayer. 



At three d' clock, P. M. Post jnrces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the fund deferred. 

The aftair of the school resumed. 

4. Agreed that Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews, Cross, and Evans, junior, of 
Philadelphia Presbytery ; and John Thomson, Black, and Boyd, of Donegall ; 
and Gillespie and Griffith, Cathcart, and Steel, and McDowell, of New Cas- 
tle Presbytery, be appointed trustees for the management of the affairs of the 
said school, for this year ; and as many more as can conveniently, may meet 
with them. And it 's ordered, that said trustees meet on the third Wednesday 
of September next, and that any five of them be a quorum, and that they ap- 
point three of their number to meet at three other times in the year at said 
school. These trustees are to inspect into the master's diligence in, and me- 
thod of, teaching ; consider and direct what authors are chiefly to be read in 
the several branches of learning; to examine the scholars from time to time, 
as to their proficiency, and apply the money procured from our people as or- 
dered above, and to what other uses they find proper ; and in sum, to order all 
affairs relating to said school as they see expedient, and be accountable to the 
Synod, making report of their proceedings and the state of the school yearly. 
And ordered, that Messrs. Thomson, Griffith, and Steel, and McDowell, be 
the four that shall meet first at said school, and that on the last Tuesday of 
June next. 

The llev. Mr. Dorsius, pastor of the Eeformed Dutch Church in Bucks 
county, laid a letter before us from the deputies of North and Soutli Holland, 
wherein they desire of the Synod an account of the state of the High and 
Low Dutch churches in this province, and also of the churches belonging to 
the Presbyterian Synod of Philadelphia, and whether the Dutch churches 
may be joined in communion with said Synod, or if this may not be, that 
they would form themselves into a regular body and government among 
themselves. In pursuance of which letter the Synod agree, that letters be 
wrote in the name of the Synod, to the deputies of these Synods in Holland, 
in Latin, and to the Scotch ministers in llotterdam, giving them an account 
of the churches here, and declaring our willingness to join with the Calvinist 
Dutch churches here, to assist each other as far as possible in promoting the 
common interests of religion among us, and signifying the present great want 
of ministers among the High and Low Dutch, with desire that they may help 
in educating men for the work of the ministry. And the Synod ordered, 
that Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Evans, junior, and the moderator, do write said 
letters. 

A paper from the New Brunswick party was presented to us by Mr. Blair, 
the con^ideration of which is deferred till to-morrow moruing. 

Adjourned till to-morrow moruing at nine o'clock. Concluded with prayer, 



1745.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 177 

IQth day, at nine o'doch, post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the fund deferred. 

The Synod took under consideration the paper sent to us yesterday by Mr. 
Blair, from the New Brunswick party, demanding a part of the fund belong- 
ing to this Synod may be allowed them. By which demand we find that they 
discover no intention to endeavours for peace, and to heal the lamentable 
divisions that prevail in our disti-essed church. And as we look on that party, 
made up partly of those who have by their conduct forfeited their right to 
membership among us, and of consequence to all the privileges thereof, and 
partly of those who never belonged to our Synod, and of consequence have no 
more right to any privileges whatsoever appertaining to the Synod, than any 
other whatsoever who will pretend thereunto without any colour of reason or 
equity; and therefore, on the whole, we judge their demand herein to be 
highly unreasonable and unjust, and not to be complied with. Approved, 
nemine contradkente. 

Ordered, That a copy of the above minute be signed by the moderator, and 
sent to Mr. Gilbert Tennent, moderator of the New Brunswick party; which 
accordingly was done by the janitor. 

Ordered, That every minister recommend it to their respective congregations, 
to contribute yearly toward defraying the expenses of their respective elders in 
attending on the Synod. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet here at three o'clock this 
afternoon. 

Adjourned till the fourth "Wednesday of May next, at three o'clock, post 
meridiem. Concluded with prayer. 

1745. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia, according to appointment, 

Hay 22c?, 1745. JJhi post preces sederunt 

Of New York Presbytery, ministers : Messrs. Dickinson, Pierson, and 
Pemberton. Absent : Messrs Nutman, Burr, Hubbell, Leonard, Azariah 
Horton, and Simon Horton. 

Of Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Andrews, Cross, David Evans, Elmer, 
McHenry, Cowell, Samuel Evans. Absent : Mr. Guild. 

Of Donegall Presbytery, ministers : Messrs. Boyd, Thomson, Zanchy. 
Absent : Messrs. Bertram, Black, Elder, Samuel Thomson, Caven, Hindman, 
Craig. 

Of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Gillespie, Cathcart, Alison, McDowell, 
Scougal, Griffith, Steel. 

Elders : William Gray, Thomas Harris, William Ramsey, John Parry, 
William Ewen, William Wallace, William Nill, Robert Mackey, William 
Lindsay, Samuel James, James Donnal, Nathaniel Hazard, Brice Innis. 

Our Rev. Brethi-en, Mr. Pumry, of Newtown, and Mr. Wilmot, of Jamaica, 
on Long Island, are deceased since our last. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon on Prov. xi. 30, by Mr. McHenry, last 
year's moderator. 

Mr. Robert Cathcart chosen moderator, and Mr. McDowell clerk. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, at nine o'clock. 

Concluded with prayer. 
23 



178 MINUTES OF THE [1745. 

23(7 daij. At nine o'clock the Si/nod met, and j^ost preces sederunt qui 
svpra. 

3Ir. CowcU's and Mr. Zanchy's absence last year excused, for reasons given. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Dickinson, Pierson, Peniberton, Andrews, Black, 
Zanchy, Cross, McIIenry, Gillespie, Alison, McDowell, and the moderator, 
be the committee for the fund, and the commission of the Synod for the year 
ensuing; and that William Gray, Robert McKnight, William Ewcn, and 
Nathaniel Hazard, elders, be joined with them, and that each member always 
endeavour to have an elder with him in case the commission of the Synod have 
occasion to meet, and that any five ministers, with the moderator, be a quorum 
of the commission. 

Ordered, That Mr. Steel and Mr. Zanchy revise the Presbytery book of 
Philadelphia, and that it be given them the next sederunt for that end. 

New York, Donegall, and New Castle books being not here now, Ordere<l, 
That each of these Presbyteries put their books in order and bring them to be 
revised the next year. 

Messrs. Dickinson, Pierson, and Pemberton, in the name of the New York 
Presbytery, and by a commission from them, desire that the Synod appoint a 
committee to confer with them to try whether an overture can be prepared, re- 
moving any grounds of dissatisfaction or difference between them and the Synod. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Alison, Thomson, Boyd, (iillespie, 
!MeDowclI, Samuel Evans, and the moderator, meet with them as a committee for 
that purpose, at three o'clock, and as many other members as please may attend. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, it was found that 
Messrs. Andrews and Samuel Evans had brought some. And it was recom- 
mended to the other members that had brought none, carefully to observe the 
order in that case made for the future. 

The committee appointed by the Synod to hear and determine Mr. Bell's 
affair, met according to appointment; and the i-eading of their minutes is 
deferred till next sederunt. 

The order that Messrs. David Evans, Samuel Evans, and Griffith, write to 
Wales, not being yet fulfilled, is continued. 

Upon reading the minutes relating to the school, it's ordered, that such as 
have raised no collections for the school as yet, should immediately apply to 
their congregations for contributions ; and that all the members do so again 
between this and our next, and that such as supply in vacant congregations 
endeavour to obtain collections from them also, for supporting the school, and 
that each Presbytery see that those they appoint to supply vacancies do so. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, McHcnry, Samuel Evans, Boyd, Black, Griffith, 
and Steel, bo a committee and trustees for the school, and meet at said school 
the second Tuesday of October and >Iarch. 

The letters were wrote to Holland according to appointment. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

2Uh da)/, at nine d'cloch, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 
The minutes of the committee appointed to hear and try Mr. Bell's affair 
■were read, and the committee's conduct in that aft'air approved, in deposing 
him from the ministerial office upon the grounds contained in these minutes 
following.* 

* The Editor has omitted the minutes of this committee, as they embrace a large body 
of testimony in Mr. Bell's trial, •which, properly speakinn;, constitutes no part of the 
minutes. It lias always been usual to exclude such matters from synodical records, and 
even iu case of trial before Presbyteries the testimony is usually kept on file. 



1745.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 179 

The committee appointed to confer with the New York brethren not having 
got an overture prepared to bring in to the Synod, the whole Synod was resolved 
into a committee to consider that aifair. 

After much consultation had in this affair, they appoint again that Messrs. 
Thomson, Alison, Griffith, Steel, and McDowell, be a committee to prepare a 
plan for union, against our next sederunt : any three of them to be a quorum 
to do this. 

Adjourned till five o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod, after waiting long for the committee appointed at our last to 
prepare a plan, understanding that they have not prepared said plan, do adjourn 
till nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

25<7i day. At nine d cloch^ A. M. Post preces sederunt qid supra. 

The committee appointed to draw a plan, &c., being inquired at, answer that 
they have drawn a plan to be now laid before the Synod. Previous to reading 
it, some inquired at their New York brethren, whom of the New Brunswick 
brethren they alleged to be members, whether all that are now of that party, 
or only such of them as enjoyed membership before, and they declared they 
account only such as have been members and had their seats, to be now mem- 
bers, and no others. 

The overture drawn up by the committee was read twice, and the vote put, 
whether it was a proper plan for accommodation to be now proposed, and it was 
voted proper to propose it, and it is as follows : 

I. The glory of (iod and the advancement of Christ's kingdom, by the per- 
suading souls to embrace the Lord Jesus on gospel terms, and by preserving 
peace, truth, and good order in the churches, ought to be the grand design of 
all Christians, and of the ministers of the gospel in particular. But to our 
great concern and sorrow, the disorderly intrusions into the pastoral charges of 
ministers, and surmises that were raised to blacken their characters as carnal 
and unconverted ; the bold violation of our synodical acts and regulations, and 
the new method of itinerant preaching where there is a stated gospel ministry, 
hath, in a great measure, marred this noble design, by rending the churches 
of Christ, and filling the minds of people with uncharitable opinions of one 
another. 

To check these evils prevailing by means of some claiming to themselves a 
privilege, under pretence of extraordinaries, to trample under foot the rights of 
mankind, to destroy all pastoral relation, and to lay aside, at least for a season, 
that form of government and discipline that was practised and used in our 
Presbyterian churches, a number of the Synod of Philadelphia protested against 
such illegal, disorderly practices in the year 1741. And being wearied with 
fruitless attempts to redress these delusive, unscriptural methods of proceeding, 
determined to withdraw from Synodical communion, unless such as were guilty 
of such practices gave proper satisfaction according to gospel rules. The ma- 
jority of the Synod then present, made this protest their act, and declared that 
those brethren should either give such satisfaction or withdraw from member- 
ship, upon which they chose to withdraw. 

This method of procedure was complained of next year, as contrary to the 
method of proceeding in our churches, by some members that were absent when 
this separation was made. Upon which it was proposed that the whole affair 
should be reviewed by the Synod then met, and if any thing was found illegal, 
it should be redressed. But these brethren could find clearness to do nothing, 
till these disorderly brethren who withdrew, should again be allowed to take 
their seats as members, which the majority of the Synod could not comply 



180 MIXUTES OF THE [1745 

with. Upon which thoy entered a declaration against the method of proceed- 
ing the year before. At our next Synod meeting, they proposed methods to 
heal the breach between those brethren who withdrew and the Synod ; which 
occasioned the Synod to send them proposals of peace, which they rejected, 
and still continued their divisive practices of counteracting the Synod's regula- 
tions, and crumbling of congregations to pieces, erecting altar against altar, to 
the great scandal of religion and ruin of vital piety. Those brethren from the 
I'resbytery of New York, who were dissatisfied at the method by which that 
party stand excluded, having on this occasion laboured to have their own 
scruples removed, and at the same time to have peace and unity restored among 
all that ever were members of the Synod ; all the Synod now met, heartily 
concur with them in this noble undertaking, if it can be obtained in such a 
method as may and will maintain sound doctrine, and preserve the peace and 
good order of the church. 

In order to accomplish this, these brethren proposed it as an expedient to 
remove their scruples and heal all our divisions, that every person that is or 
has been a member, shall now voluntarily subscribe the essential agreements 
on which our Synod formerly was established, and which are the general 
approved agreements of our churches. And as we think that a subscription 
of these articles will be a renouncing disorder and divisive practice, and will, 
when obtained, lay a foundation for maintaining peace, truth, and good order, 
which was what was desired in the protest, by which the Brunswick brethren 
stand excluded; we, therefore, in compliance with the request of these breth- 
ren, and in order to remove all scruples, propose that all that are now or 
ever have been members of this Synod, shall subscribe the following funda- 
mental articles and agreements as their acts, and all who will do so shall be 
members of this Synod. 

II. That in all prudential acts for the regular management of the affairs of 
the church of God among us, every member shall either actively concur or 
peaceably submit to, and not counteract such things as are determined by the 
majority, as being founded upon God's word; or if any do declare they have 
not freedom of conscience to comply, they shall withdraw and no more be 
acknowledged as members of this Synod, unless they afterwards find clearness 
and so return and comply. 

III. That if any member suppose he has reason of complaint against any of 
his brethren for unsound doctrine, or irregularities of life, or unfaithfulness in 
his pastoral office, he shall proceed in a Christian way according to the rules 
of God's word, and our known methods of discipline, and shall not in public 
or private spread his surmises, offences, or scandals, without proceeding as 
aforesaid ; or else be accounted guilty of unchristian conduct, and liable to 
censure. Accordingly we look upon such practices to be contrary to the gospel, 
and of pernicious tendency to the church of Christ. 

lY. That no member of this Synod shall preach in the congregation of 
another brother without judicial appointment, or being invited by his brother 
to preach for him. And whoever acts contrary shall be deemed guilty of un- 
brotherly treatment and divisive practice, and be censured accordingly ; and 
the same way, no Presbytery shall invade the charge and rights of other 
Presbyteries. And all erections within the bounds of regulated congregations, 
that have been or shall be set up by such itinerant preaching and divisive prac- 
tices, shall be deemed contrary to the peace and good order of this church, and 
consequently shall not be maintained or supported by any member belonging 
to us. 

V. We agree, that none who have not heretofore enjoyed membership in this 
Synod, shall be admitted thereto without submitting to the manner of admis- 
sion determined by our former acts j and such as may and shall be provided in 



1745.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 181 

that case, and complying with these general articles now agreed upon. And all 
such as upon proper trial shall be duly qualified with respect to learning, sound- 
ness in the faith, and a gospel conversation, shall, upon agreeing to these arti- 
cles, and submitting to our method of church government, be cordially admitted 
to Synodicul communion. 

VI. We agree that each member of this Synod shall keep a day of public 
and solemn fasting, and thereupon confess and bewail the prevailing evils of 
infidelity, profaneness, the uutenderness and barrenness of professors, and the 
decay of religion in general ; and particularly the debates, divisive practices, 
uncharitable censures, and unbrotherly treatment that have torn and divided the 
church of Christ in these parts, to the dishonour of God, the hurt of practical 
piety, the offence and scandal of the weak, and the hardening the wicked, and 
the opening the mouths of the profane ; and deprecate the divine displeasure, 
and implore the blessing of Grod upon this and all other proper means for the 
advancement of true and uudefiled religion, and the maintaining and propagating 
the great truths of the gospel, and the peace, tinity, and increase of this infant 
church. 

The brethren of New York Presbytery immediately answered, they would not 
accept this plan, nor be united with us upon it; and therefore as being commis- 
sioned by New York Presbytery to transact in this affair, they desire that a copy 
of this overture may be given them to carry to their Presbytery. 

Propose to the Synod that it should be mutually agreed, that they be allowed 
with the consent of this body, to erect another Synod, under the name of the 
Synod of New York. This they desire to do with the consent of this body, 
that they may not be thought to set up and act in opposition to this, and that 
there may be a foundation for the two Synods to consult and act in mutual con- 
cert with one another hereafter, and maintain love and brotherly kindness with 
each other. 

The Synod appoint Messrs. Thomson, Alison, Griffith, and McDowell, to pre- 
pare an answer to this proposal, and bring it in to the Synod the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till Monday morning at ten o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

27th dai/, ten o'clock, A. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The committee appointed to draw up an answer to the proposal of the New 
York brethren, brought in one accordingly, which was considered, and after 
much discourse upon it, was approven as it here follows : The unhappy divisions 
which have subsisted among us for some years, cannot but deeply affect all that 
wish the welfare of Zion ; and it particularly affects us, that some of our 
brethren of New York do not at present see their way clear to continue in Synodi- 
cal communion with us. And though we judge they have no just ground to 
withdraw from us, yet seeing they propose to erect themselves into a Synod at 
New York, and now desire to do this in the most friendly manner possible, we 
declare, if they or any of them do so, we shall endeavour to maintain charitable 
and Christian affections toward them, and show the same upon all occasions by 
such correspondence and fellowship, as we shall think duty, and consistent with 
a good conscience. 

Adjourned till two o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At two d'cloch, P. M. post preces sede7-v.nt qui supra. 

A letter from a gentleman in Virginia, with a printed charge given by the 
governor of that colony to the grand jury, was laid before the Synod; by which 
it appears that the government of that colony is highly provoked by the conduct 
of some of the new party who have preached there, and therefore the Synod 



182 MINUTES OF THE [1745. 

judge it necessary to send an address to that governor, informing him of the 
distinction between this Synod and that separated party, that so their conduct 
may not be imputed to us, nor provoke that government to deny us the liberties 
and favours we have enjoyed under it: Therefore, the Synod appoints Messrs. 
Cross, Thomson, Alison, and Griffith, to be a committee to draw up said address 
against the next sederunt.* 



• * We have procured a copy of the charge above alhuled to, from the American Weekly 
Mercury, published in Philadelphia, August, 1745, and placed in the Philadelphia Libra- 
ry, which we subjoin fur the gratiticatinn of the reader. — EniToii. 

"The charge of the Honourable William Gooch, Esq., Lieutenant Governor and com- 
mander in chief of the colony and dominion of Virginia, delivered to the gentlemen of 
the grand jury, at the capital in Williamsburg, on Thursday the 18th of April, 174."). 

" Without taking any notice of the ordinary matters and things j-ou are called to 
attend, and sworn to make inquisition for, I must, on this occasion, turn to your thoughts 
and recommend to your present service, another subject of great importance, which, I 
thank God, has been unusual, but I hope will be most effectual ; 1 mean the information 
I have received of certain false tfacher.f that are lately crept into this government ; 
who, without orders or licenses, or producing any testimonial of their education or sect, 
professing themselves ministers under the pretended influence of new light, eitraordinanj 
impulse, and such like fanatical and enthusiastical knowledge, lead the innocent and igno- 
rant people into all kinds of delusion ; and in this frantic and profane disguise, though 
such is their heterodoxy, that they treat all other modes of worship with the utmost 
scorn and contempt, yet, as if they had bound themselves by an oath to do many things 
against the religion of the blessed .Jesus, that pillar and stay of the truth, our reformed 
church, to the great dishonour of Almighty God, and the discomfort of serious Chris- 
tians, they endeavour to make their followers believe that salvation is not to be obtained 
iu her communion. 

" As this denunciation, and, if I am righth' advised, in* words not decent to repeat, 
has been by one of them publicly affirmed, and shows what manner of spirit they all of 
them are of, in a country hitherto remarkable for uniformity in worship, and where the 
saving truths of the gospel are so constantly inculcated ; I did promise myself, that 
either their preaching would be in vain, or that an iusolence so criminal should not long 
be connived at. 

"And therefore, gentlemen, since these workers of a deceitful work, blaspheming our 
sacraments, and reviling our excellent liturgy, are said to draw disciples after them, and 
we know not whereunto this separation may grow, but may easily' foretell into what a 
distracted condition, by longer forbearance, this colony will be reduced ; we are called 
upon by the rights of society, and what I am persuaded will be with j'ou at least as 
prevailing an inducement, by the principles of Christianity, to put an immediate stop to 
the devices and intrigues of these associated schismatics ; who having, no doubt, assumed 
to themselves the apostasy of our weak brethren, we may be assured there is not au}'- 
thing so absurd but what they will assert, nor any doctrines or precepts so sacred but 
what they will pervert and accommodate to their favourite theme, railing against our 
religious establishment, for which in any other country, the British dominions only ex- 
cepted, they would be very severely handled. 

" However, not meaning to inflame j'our resentment as we may, without breach of 
charity, pronounce, that it is not liherty of conscience, but freedom of speech they so 
earnestly prosecute ; and we are very sure they have no manner of pretence to any shel- 
ter under the acts of toleration, because, admitting they have had regular ordination, 
they are by these acts obliged, nor can they be ignorant of it, not only to take the oaths, 
and with the test to subscribe, after a deliberate reading of them, some of the articles of 
our religion, before they presume to officiate, but, that in this indulgent grant, though 
not expressed, a covenant is intended, whereby they engage to preserve the character of 
conscientious men, and not to use their liberty for a cloak of maliciousness. 

"So that I say, allowing their ordination, yet, as they have not, by submitting to these 
essential points, ([ualiticd themselves to gather a congregation, or, if they had, in speaking 
all manner of evil against us. have forfeited the privilege due to such compliance, inso- 
much that they are entirely' without excuse, and their religious profession is very justly 
suspected to be the result of Jesuitical policy, which also is an iniquity to be punished 
by the judges. 

* That we worship the devil, and are damned. 



1745.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 183 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, Thomson, Alison, and Samuel 
Evans, be a committee to draw up a declaration against the present disorders 
and divisive practices that prevail in the church against the next sederunt. 

Ordered, That every minister who has been ordered to let money belonging 
to the Synod, and take bonds for it in their own name, shall now give a decla- 
ration of trust to the Synod. And agreed, that no member shall hereafter be 
allowed to borrow any money from the Synod. 

Some^ young men offering themselves to examination according to our acts 
in that case, agreed that the whole Synod resolve itself into a committee, and 
immediately enter upon said examination at Mr. Cross's house. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at ten o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

2S(h day at ten d clock, A. M. Uhi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The address to the governor of Virginia was brought in and approved, and 
is as follows : 

To the Honourable William Gooch, Esq. Lieutenant Governor of the colony 
of '^ irginia, &c. The humble address, &c. : 

May it please your Honour : The favourable acceptance which your Honour 
was pleased to give our former address, and the countenance and protection 
which those of our persuasion have met with in Virginia, fills us with grati- 
tude, and we beg leave on this occasion in all sincerity to express the same. 
It very deeply affects us to find, that any who go from these parts, and per- 
haps assume the name of Presbyterians, should be guilty " of such practices, 
such uncharitable, unchristian expressions, as are taken notice of in your Ho- 
nour's charge to the grand jury. And in the mean time it gives us the greatest 
pleasure, that we can assure your Honour, these persons never belonged to 
our body, but are missionaries sent out by some, who by reason of their divi- 
sive and uncharitable doctrines and practices, were in May, 1741, excluded 
from our Synod, upon which they erected themselves into a separate society, 
and have industriously sent abroad persons whom we judge ill qualified for 
the character they assume, to divide and trouble the churches. And, there- 
fore, we humbly pray, that while those who belong to us and produce proper 
testimonials, behave themselves suitably, they may still enjoy the favour of 
your Honour's countenance and protection. And praying for the divine bless- 
ing on your person and government^ we beg leave to subscribe ourselves, 
May it please your Honour, 

Your Honour's most obliged, 

most obedient, and most humble servant. 

Signed in the name and per order of the Synod, 

Robert Cathcart, Moderator. 

3Iay 28, 1745. 



"I must, as in duty bound to God and naan, charge you in the most solemn manner, 
to make strict inquiry after these seducers ; and if they or any of them are still in the 
government, by presentment or indictment, to report them to the court, that -we, who 
are in authority under the Defender of our Faith, and the appointed guardians to our 
constitution in church and state, exercising our power in this respect fur the protection 
of the people committed to our care, may show our zeal in the maintenance of the true 
religion; not as the manner of some is, by violent oppression, but in putting to silence, 
by such method as our laws direct, the calumnies and invectives of these bold ac- 
cusers, and in dispelling, as we are devoutly disposed, so dreadful and dangerous a com- 
bination. 

"In short, gentlemen, we should deviate from the pious path we profess to tread in, 
and should be unjust to God, to our king, to our country, to ourselves, and to our poste- 
rity, not to take cognizance of so great wickedness, whereby the grace of our Lord Jesus 
Christ is turned into lasciviousness." 



184 MINUTES OF THE [1740. 

The committee appointed to draw the declaration, not having prepared it 
yet, ordered, that they bring it in against the next sederunt. And the com- 
mittee meet on the affair of the fund. 

Adjourned to Mr. Andrews's house, at two o'clock, afternoon. 

Concluded with prayer. 

At two o'clock met at Mr. Andrews's house as appointed. 

The committee appointed to meet at Mr. Cross's house yesterday, P. M. 
met accordingly, and after due examination of the young men that offered 
themselves, in the languages and several parts of philosophy, who wore David 
Thom, John Hamilton, and Hector Alison, they were all three approved. 

Ordered, That the clerk give them a copy of this minute as a certificate. 

Adjourned till the fourth AVednesday of 3Iay next at three o'clock, P. M. 

Concluded with prayer. 

1746. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia, at nine of the clock, A. M. 

3Ia?/ 9, 1746. Uli post 2)reces sederunt 

Of Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Andrews, Cross, McHenry, Samuel 
Evans. Absent: Messrs. David Evans, Elmer, Cowcll, and Guild. 

Of Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Boyd, Samuel Thomson, and Black. 
Absent : Messrs. John Thomson, Zanchy, Elder, Caven, Craig, and Hind- 
man. 

Of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Cathcart, Alison, McDowell, Steel, and 
Griffith. 

Elders : Messrs. William Gray, Samuel Hart, David Griffith, Thomas Hope, 
Charles Gillgore, James lleid, William Lindsay, George Curry, John Mont- 
gomery, John Dick, Simon James. 

Mr. Cathcart opened the Synod yesterday, by a sermon on 1 Tim. iii. 15, 
16, the last year's moderator. 

Many of the members being absent, the present members agreed not to con- 
stitute till nine o'clock this morning, when more members were expected. 

Mr. Alison chosen moderator, and Mr. Griffith clerk. 

Since our last Mr. William Bertram of Donegall Presbytery, and Mr. James 
Scougall of New Castle Presbytery, are deceased. 

Mr. David Evans sent the reasons of his absence, which were sustained. 

Mr. Samuel Thomson's absence last year excused because of bodily indis- 
position. 

The Synod finding several of their members absent from year to year, and 
particularly some members of the Presbytery of Donegall, cannot look upon 
!such conduct otherwise than irregular, and of dangerous consequence, do 
therefore order, that every Presbytery acquaint their respective members 
thereof; and that the Synod expects some reasons of such absence and better 
attendance hereafter. 

Ordered, That a copy of the above minute be sent to each Presbytery. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, ]\IcHenry, Samuel Evans, Boyd, 
Thninson, Gillespie, Cathcart, McDowell, Griffith, and tlie moderator, be the 
commission of the Synod, and committee for the fund, for the ensuing year; 
and that William Gray, John JNIontgoniery, Thomas Hope, elders, be joined 
with them, and that each member shall endeavour to bring elders with them, 
if they have occasion to meet ; and that any five ministers, with the moderator, 
shall be a quorum. 



1746.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 185 

Finding tlie Presbytery books are not brought, Ordered, That they be 
brought next year. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, it was found that 
Messrs. Andrews and Cross, McHeury, Cathcart and Alison had brought 
some. 

Ordered, upon reading the minutes concerning the school, That the order 
of last year be continued, and every Presbytery be accountable to the Synod 
for their compliance thereunto yearly. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, McHenry, Samuel Evans, Boyd, 
Zanchy, Black, McDowell, Steel, Cathcart, and Griffith, be a committee and 
trustees for the school for the ensuing year, to meet on the second Tuesday of 
October and March. 

A letter from the Rev. Mr. Jonathan Dickinson being read before the Synod, 
Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews, Cross, McHenry, McDowell, Griffith, and the 
moderator, be a committee to prepare an answer to said letter by to-morrow 
morning. 

Ordered, That the committee of the fund inquire into last year's determina- 
tion with respect to the same, and make report to the Synod before this session 
be over. 

A letter from the Honourable William Gooch, Esq'r. Governor of Virginia, 
in answer to our last year's address, was read in Synod, which is as followeth : 

Gentlemen : — The address you were pleased to send me as a grateful acknow- 
ledgment for the favour which teachers of your persuasion met with in Virginia, 
was very acceptable to me, but altogether needless to a person in my station, 
because it is what by law they are entitled to. 

And in answer to your present address, intended to justify yourselves and 
members from being concerned in a late outrage committed against the purity 
of our worship, and the sacred appointment of pastors for the service of the 
altar of the established church, which some men calling themselves ministers, 
were justly accused of in my charge to the grand jury, you must suifer me to 
say, that it very nearly aifects me, because it seems to insinuate as if I was so 
uncharitable as to suspect men of your education and profession could be guilty 
of unchristian expressions that can only tend to the increase of schism and 
irreligion, which I give you my word was far from my thoughts. 

As the wicked and destructive doctrines and practices of itinerant preachers 
ought to be opposed and suppressed by all who have concern for religion, and 
just regard to public peace and order in church and state, so your missionaries 
producing proper testimonials, complying with the laws, and performing divine 
service in some certain place appropriated for that purpose, without disturbing 
the quiet and unity of our sacred and civil establishments, may be sure of the 
protection of. Reverend Sirs, your most humble servant, 

William Gooch. 
Williamsburg. June 20th, 1745. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three d'doch, P. M. post jyreces sederunt qui supra. 

Mr. Black, present this afternoon, gave his reasons for his absence last year, 
and his late coming this year, which were sustained. 

In pursuance of an order of the commission of the Synod, met at Brandy- 
wine, August 20th, 1745, Messrs. Andrews and Cross wrote to the Reverend 
President and Trustees of Yale College, a letter which is in retentis, and an 
answer to said letter is now laid before the Sjmod, and the consideration of the 
whole affiiir referred to an interloquitur of the Synod. 
24 



186 MINUTES OF THE [1746. 

Ortlereil, That Messrs. Cross, Alison, Evans, and Griffitb, write an answer to 
said letter, and bring it in before the end of the session. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

30/7i cfcty, at ten d clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

An answer to Mr. Dickinson's letter, laid before us by Mr. Andrews, was 
braujibt in by the committee, and being read was unanimously approved, and is 
as follows : 

Reverend and dear Brother : — We had yours laid before us by IMr. Andrews, 
and trust we can heartily join in all proper methods to promote the glory of 
God, the interest of Christ's kingdom, and welfare of the churches in these 
parts, and shall readily join with you in remembering each other at the throne 
of grace, and praying for each other's gospel endeavours to advance religion. 
We are also pleased that attempts are making by you to prevent divisive 
methods. But we would desire you might communicate to us the plan on 
which you have erected yourselves, what general agreements you brought the 
members under at their admission, and who are members with you. When we 
are better acquainted with these things, we can the more readily judge how we 
shall be able to answer your desires. We can assure you of our regard and 
friendship, and our praying for the Divine blessing on your person and minis- 
terial labours. We take leave to subscribe. Reverend Sir, your affectionate 
brethren and humble servants. Signed in the name and by the order of the 
Synod, by 

Francis Alison, Moderator. 

The committee appointed to bring in an answer to Mr. Clap's letter brought 
it in, and it was ordered that Messrs. Andrews, Gillespie, Cathcart, Boyd, 
Black, McDowell, and Steel, be a committee to revise said answer, and make 
report in the afternoon. 

Ordered, That the Synod finding some difficulties, the Synod resolve into 
a committee of the whole house, to consider the affair of the fund, and aU the 
papers relating thereto, to be brought in this afternoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. M. post preces sederunt qui supra. 
The committee appointed in the morning to revise the letter, report that 
they approve of the substance of it; and the Synod appoint IMessrs. Andrews, 
Cross, and the moderator, to be a committee to draw a fair copy of said letter 
and bring it to-morrow morning. 

The affair of the fund continued till to-morrow morning. 
Adjourned till eight o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

31 dai/, at ei(/Jit of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The committee for the letter not having finished, it's ordered, that we pro- 
ceed to the affair of the fund. 

The committee for the letter to Mr. Clap brought it in, and it was approved, 
and is as follows, viz. : 

Philadelphia, May 30///, 1746. 

Very Reverend Sir: — We received the favour of yours of the 21st of No- 
vember last, and acknowledge our obligation to the President and Fellows of 
Yale College for considering our re(iuest and expressing their readiness to pro- 
mote the interest of religion and learning among us. 

We agree with you that the affair is of great importance, and are willing to 
satisfy you to the utmost as to the plan and constitution of our school, and 



1746.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 187 

the present state of our Synod, under whose care it is. Some years ago our 
Synod found the interest of Christ's kingdom likely to sufier in these parts 
for want of a college for the education of young men. And our supplies 
either from Europe or New England were few in proportion to the numerous 
vacancies in our growing settlements. Mr. William Tennent set up a school 
among us, where some were educated, and afterwards admitted to the minis- 
try without sufficient qualifications as was judged by many of the Synod. 
And what made the matter look worse, those that were educated in this pri- 
vate way decried the usefulness of some parts of learning that we thought very 
necessary. It was therefore agreed to try to erect a college, and apply to our 
friends in Britain, and Ireland, and New England, to assist us. We wrote 
to the Association of Boston on this head, and had a very favourable answer. 
But when we were thus projecting our plan, and appointing commissioners 
to Biitain, &c. to promote the thing, the war with Spain was proclaimed, 
which put a stop to our proceedings then. The Synod then came to a public 
agreement to take all private schools where young men were educated for the 
ministry, so far under their care as to appoint a committee of our Synod to 
examine all such as had not obtained degrees in the European or New Eng- 
land colleges, and give them certificates if they were found qualified, which 
was to serve our Presbyteries instead of a college diploma, till better provision 
could be made. Mr. Gilbert Tennent cried out that this was to prevent his 
father's school for training gracious men for the ministry; and he, and some 
of his adherents, protested against it, and counteracted this our public agree- 
ment, admitting men to the ministry which we judged unfit for that office, 
which course they persisted in though admonished and reproved by us for 
such unwarrantable proceedings. While these debates subsisted, Mr. White- 
field came into the country, whom they drew into their party to encourage 
divisions. And they and he have been the sad instruments of dividing our 
churches. And by his interest Mr. Gilbert Tennent grew hardy enough to 
tell our Synod he would oppose their design of getting assistance to erect a 
college wherever we should make application, and would maintain young men 
at his father's school in opposition to us. This, with his and his adherent's 
divisive practices, obliged the Synod to exclude him and others of his stamp, 
from their communion. In this situation our affairs grew worse ; for our va- 
cancies were numerous, and we found it hard in such trouble to engage such gen- 
tlemen either from New England or Europe to come among us, as our best 
friends in those places could recommend as steadfast in the faith, and men of 
parts and education. Upon this the Synod erected a school in the year 1744. 
It was agreed that the said school should be opened under the inspection of 
the Synod, where the languages, philosophy, and divinity should be taught 
gratis, to all that should comply with the regulation of the school, being per- 
sons of good character and behaviour. They appointed a master and tutor for 
this business, who were to be paid by such contributions as the Synod could 
obtain for this purpose ; and agreed, from year to year, to appoint trustees to 
meet twice a year to inspect the master's diligence and method of teaching, 
to direct what authors are chiefly to be read in the several branches of learn- 
ing, to examine the scholars as to their proficiency and good conduct, and ap- 
ply the money procured to such uses as they judge proper, and to order all 
afiairs relating unto the school. And the trustees are yearly to be accountable 
to the Synod, and to make report of their proceedings, and the state of the 
school. And it is agreed, that after said scholars pass the course of studies 
prescribed them, they shall be publicly examined by the said trustees, and such 
ministers as the Synod shall think fit to appoint, and if approved receive tes- 
timonials of their approbation, and without such testimonials none of the Pres- 
byteries under the care of our Synod shall improve any of our scholars in the 



188 MINUTES OF THE [1746. 

ministry. From this narrative you sec how narrow our foundation is, and 
yet how necessary it was that we should do something of this nature to pre- 
vent our being overrun with ignorance and confusion. You see how we have 
been straitened by the endeavours of some that belonged to our body, who in 
their zeal have spoken diminutively of all the reformed churches, and endea- 
voured to pour contempt on colleges and universities. We hope, therefore, 
you will enable us to make a stand against those evils, and to be united with 
you in this grand design, is one reason of our present application. We can 
with pleasure inform you that our poor undertaking has been so blessed by 
Providence as to exceed our expectations. Several ministers^ and gentlemen 
have helped us to books to begin a library; and we hope that in time we may 
obtain assistance from England, Ireland, and elsewhere, to enable us to found 
a college, though the troubles of the times hinder our application at present. 
We have not obtained a charter as yet, but have reason to hope we may pro- 
cure one if there be occasion ; but have another way judged by our best 
lawyers a good foundation to secure donations, by appointing trustees and 
obliging them to give declarations of trust. We have also, belonging to our 
Synod, a considerable fund for public uses, but have no occasion hitherto, to 
apply any of it to the use of the school, being otherwise supplied. What 
hath been said may satisfy you that our school is under such regulation as 
does as nearly correspond with yours as our present circumstances will ad- 
mit ; but we shall readily make any amendments that you desire if it be in 
our power. We are obliged to admit boys to read grammar, but are deter- 
mined to recommend none but such as have made a good proficiency in the 
languages, and are in some measure acquainted with the usual course of study 
in the arts and sciences now used in the Britisli colleges, though we freely ac- 
knowledge our vast disadvantages, especially in natural philosophy, and will 
cheerfully agree, as far as our circumstances will permit, that the same, or 
generally the same, authors, on the arts and sciences be taught in our school 
as are used by you ; and would gladly be favoured with a particular account 
of them. The time of stay with you which you mention, and the expenses, 
we think reasonable; yet, as learning is not in the same esteem in this govern- 
ment as in New England, we beg all the indulgence your constitution can 
allow us, lest parents grudge expenses if they run high. We heartily agree 
that our scholars be examined by the President and Fellows, and be treated 
only according to their proficiency; that they be obliged to bring recommen- 
dations from our Synod, or trustees of the school, and shall claim no prece- 
dency in your classes,' nor the privilege of freshmen, but what are consistent 
with the good order of your college. Nor do we plead any such privilege 
for any but the inhabitants of Pennsylvania, or the parts that are as far dis- 
tant from New Haven, and are educated under our care, and have synodical 
recommendations. We further assure you, that improving in the ministry 
such scholars as you expelled, has been as oft'ensive to us as to you. And 
those which joined with the Tennents and their party in this aflTair, as we un- 
derstand, have withdrawn from our synodical communion, and joined with 
them entirely under the denomination of the Synod of New York. As to the 
Synod's constitution, we are unanimously agreed in the same plan in every 
respect on which we constituted, and continued in our most flourishing cir- 
cumstances ; so we are, to a man, dissatisfied with the late divisive practices, 
and would soon, we hope, be in a flourishing state again had we ministers to 
supply our vacancies. We excluded from synodical communion, as we re- 
marked already, the four Tennents, Blair, Craighead, (who is since turned a 
rigid Covenanter, or Cameronian,) Treat, and 31 r. Wales. These, especially 
the Tennents, Blair, and Treat, being the ringleaders of our divisions, and 
the destroyers of good learning and gospel order among us ; and they, with 



1746.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 189 

a few others that joined with them, erected themselves into a separate body, 
and licensed and ordained men for the work of the ministry that were gene- 
rally ignorant, and warm in the divisive scheme, and they have troubled Vir- 
ginia, and the New English government, and as we are informed, pretend that 
they belong to our body. But we can assure you, that Mr. Gilbert Tennent, 
and his adherents, were disowned as members, and excluded communion, be- 
fore his famous tour through the churches of New England. Some of our 
brethren of New York Presbytery, whom we esteem and regard, particularly 
Messrs. Dickinson, Pierson, and Pemberton, have always as freely, till lately, 
blamed those practices as any of us; but now, through some unhappy bias, 
are become warm advocates for them, and blaming our method of excluding 
them, have for two or three years past laboured to procure them seats among 
us, withovit acknowledging their faults in dividing our churches, and promis- 
ing amendment before we receive them again. And we believe that their par- 
tiality for these men might occasion them to join in encouraging some of your 
disorderly scholars, which we are far from vindicating. ^Yhen these gentle- 
men could not succeed in their attempt to bring in those itinerants without 
acknowledging their faults, as we said, they withdrew from the Synod, de- 
claring that they had no other ground to do so but our excluding those mem- 
bers in a way they disliked ; and last September they erected themselves into 
a Synod, which goes under the name of the Synod of New Y'^ork. And we 
have now before us a letter desiring correspondence with them, by receiving 
two or three of their members to sit with us yearly, and sending as many to 
them. They also propose that we should every third year meet in some con- 
venient place, by delegates, to order public affairs for the glory of God, and 
good of the church. The proposals seem fair, but till these dividers of our 
churches, and who chiefly make up that body, declare against the late divisive, 
uncharitable practices ; till they show us in what way they intend to have their 
youth educated for the ministry, and be as ready to discourage all such me- 
thods of bringing all good learning into contempt as the shepherd's tent, we 
shall be shy to comply with their proposals. Thus, sir, we have given you 
a just account both of the Synod and school at present, by which you may 
understand the difficulties we labour iinder ; and we doubt not but your sin- 
cere desire to promote the interest of religion and learning among us will in- 
cline you to do all in your power for our help and encouragement. Y'ou will 
be pleased to communicate this to the corporation, and if they think fit 
to take any notice of it, we will depend on them to favour us with an an- 
swer. We heartily wish the Divine blessing on your labours in the min- 
istry, and in training up youth for that sacred work, and pray that your 
college may flourish and become more and more a blessing, not only to New 
England, but the neighbouring colonies, and we beg leave to assure you 
that to maintain a Christian, friendly correspondence with you will be a 
great pleasure to, very Reverend Sir, your affectionate brethren and humble 
servants. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery of New Castle inquire before our next to 
whom the Synod shall pay what remains of the money promised to Wilming- 
ton, and give the person to whom they judge it due, an order on the Synod 
for it. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Andrews and Cross write to all persons indebted to 
the fund to pay their respective sums, or renew their bonds for the same, be- 
fore our next. 

Adjourned to the fourth Wednesday of May next, at three o'clock, after- 
noon. Concluded with prayer. 



190 MINUTES OF THE [1747. 

1747. 

The Synod of Philadelphia met, according to appointment, 

May the 27 fh, 1747. Lhi post 2'>rcces sederunt 

Of Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Adam Boyd, and Richard Zanchy. 

New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Robert Cathcart, Francis Alison, Alexander 
McDowell, Timothy Griffith, and John Steel. 

Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Robert Cross, David Cowell, Francis 
McHenry, Samuel Evans. 

Absent from Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. John Thomson, Samuel Black, 
John Elder, Samuel Thomson, John Craig, and Samuel Cavan. 

Absent from New Castle Presbytery : Mr. George Gillespie. 

Absent from Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. David Evans, Daniel Elmer, 
and John Guild. 

Since our last were ordained, by Donegall Presbytery, Mr. David Thom ; 
and by New Castle, Messrs. John Dick, John Hamilton, and Hector Ali- 
son. 

Elders : John Henderson, William "Whiteside, John McEven, Jolin Mc- 
Michael, William Finney, William Gillespie, Thomas James, John William- 
son, Joshua Hill, John Cross, William Ramsey, and Nathaniel Bryan. 

The Synod was opened by Mr. Francis Alison, with a sermon from 1 Cor. 
iv. 1, 2. 

Mr. Alexander McDowell chosen moderator, and Mr. John Dick chosen 
clerk. 

Mr. Andrews was removed by death since our last. 

The Governor being to embark for England the Synod concluded to present 
him an address. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

28<7i day, at nine o'clock, A. M. Uhi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of absent members to be considered. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, McHenry, Cowell, Boyd, Zanchy, Thom, 
Griffith, Cathcart, Alison, Steel, Dick, and the moderator, be the commission 
of the Synod, and committee for the fund for the following year, and that the 
following elders, Messrs. John Cross, Thomas James, William Gillespie, be 
joined with them for the committee for the fund, and that any six of said com- 
mission, and the moderator, shall be a ((uorum. 

Ordered, That last year's connnission of the Synod, and committee for the 
fund, lay their minutes before us in the afternoon. 

Ordered, That Messrs. John Steel, and Hamilton, examine Philadelphia 
Presbytery book. 

New Castle Presbytery are found remarkably guilty of neglecting to bring 
their Presbytery book to the Synod. Ordered, that they bring it to our 
next. 

Donegall Presbytery not having their book, ordered, that they bring it to 
our next. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money to the fund, it is found that 
there is none brought by any of the members but Messrs. Cross, McHenry, 
Alison, Gillespie, and McDowell. 

Ordered, That that affair be examined at our next sederunt. 

Ordered, That the affair relating to the school be considered at our next 
sederunt, and that it be inquired whether the trustees attended according to 
appointment. 



1747.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 191 

The affair of Wilmington decided. 

Upon considering the distance of the 'brethren in the back parts of Virginia, 
we think it is necessary that we should know the state of that church that is 
under our care, though at a distance from us ; and, therefore, it is ordered, 
that at least one of these brethren shall every year attend us, that we may 
have the pleasure of knowing the state of Christ's kingdom among them, and 
that we may keep Synodical communion in reality and not in name only, and 
ordered, that Messrs. McHenry and Zanchy write them a letter to acquaint 
them with the mind of the Synod in said affair. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. M. Ubi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Mr. Gillespie now present. 

The Presbytery of Philadelphia represented to the Synod the destitute 
condition of the people of Tredyffryn, by Mr. Samuel Evans' relinquishing 
the pastoral charge there, and earnestly desiring that the Synod would appoint 
Mr. Timothy Griffith to supply them as much as shall be thought proper. 

Ordered, That Mr. Griffith supply that people on Sabbath nest, and one 
Sunday every month until our next, unless they be otherwise supplied ; and 
that the Presbytery of New Castle excuse him ifrom supplying other vacancies 
during that time. 

Ordered, That the minutes of the commission be read. 

Ordered, That Mr. Alison use all endeavours to recover what is due to the 
Synod by the estate of Mr. Anderson. 

Upon a supplication from Mrs. Tennent to the Synod, desiring that the 
interest of the money due from her husband's estate should be remitted : 
the Synod agreed to remit eight pounds on condition the rest be paid on 
demand, and without further trouble or delay. 

Adjourned till to-morrow at ten o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

29 dai/ at ten o'clock, A. 31. Vhi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross and Cathcart wait on the governor with the 
Synod's address half an hour after twelve. 

The affiir of the fund reassumed. 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross use all care to get the bond paid which is due to 
the Synod by Moor and Cunningham, and also what is due by Mr. Gelston, 
before the next meeting of the Synod. 

Ordered, That the committee of the fund take care of what is yet to be done 
before the breaking up of the Synod. 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross take care of the Synod's books and be treasurer. 

The affair of the school reassumed. Ordered, That a committee be ap- 
pointed to consider what may be proper for its advantage before our next 
sede7-unt, and that Messrs. Boyd, McHenry, Griffith, McDowell, and Alison, 
be the committee. 

A paper containing some scruples concerning the present method of admin- 
istration of the Lord's Supper, being brought iu by Mr. McDowell : 

Ordered, That a committee be appointed to consider said paper, and to bring 
in an overture upon it, and that Messrs. Gillespie, Zanchy, Steel, Hamilton, 
Thom, Nathaniel Bryans, John Henderson, John McEven, John Whiteside, 
and William Gillespie, be the committee. 

Adjourned till two o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 



192 MINUTES OF TUE [1T4S. 

At tu-Q o^doclc, P. M. TJhi post precea sederunt qui siqva. 
Found tliat Mr. David Cowcll absented without Synodical leave. 
The Synod's address to the governor was presented and accepted. 
An overture by the committee for the school was brought in and agreed to 
as follows : 

1. That the Synod endeavour to pay the arrears now due out of the fund. 

2. That every Presbytery recommend it to their respective members to be 
careful to raise collections among their people for the use of the school, and 
inquire at the meetings of the several members' conduct therein, and give an 
account thereof to the Synod at our next meeting, and that such as supply 
vacancies be industrious to obtain contributions from them, and that such con- 
gregations as contribute to the support of the school, shall be that year freed 
from contributing to the fund as usual. 

A letter from the Rev. Mr. Clap, President of Yale College, and Fellows, 
was laid before the Synod, and it was ordered, that Messrs. Cross, Alison, 
and the moderator, write an answer. 

The committee appointed to consider the paper brought in by Mr. McDow- 
ell, returned the following overture : 

That we, the committee which was appointed to bring in an overture on 
the paper of scruples, concerning the present manner of administering the 
Lord's Supper, laid before the Synod ; being satisfied that said scruples are 
of such importance as require much deliberation, do therefore humbly offer to 
the Synod, that a copy of said scruples be transmitted by Mr. McDowell to 
each Presbytery, to be communicated to every particular session, and when 
considered both in sessions and Presbyteries, that each Presbytery lay their 
judgments before the Synod against our next. 

Ordered, That the commission of the Synod be the committee for the 
school, to meet the second Wednesdays of October and March, and that five 
of them and the moderator be a quorum, as the commission of the Synod, 
and that they then examine 3Ir. Israel Ptcid, and give him a certificate if he 
bo approved. 

Ordered, The Committee of the fund meet to-morrow morning at nine 
o'clock, at Mr. Cross's. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next. 

Concluded with prayer. 

1748. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia, according to appointment. 

M(t)/ 25('7i, 1748. Ubi jwst j^rcccs sederunt 

Ministers of the Presbytery of Philadelphia : Messrs. llobert Cross, Fran- 
cis McIIenry, John Guild. Absent: Messrs. David Evans, David Cowcll, 
and Daniel Elmer. 

Doncgall 1're.sbytery : Messrs. Adam Boyd, John Elder, Richard Zanchy, 
and David Thom. Absent : Messrs. John Thomson, Samuel Thomson, John 
Craig, and Samuel Caven. 

New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Francis Alison, Alexander McDowell, 
John Steel, John Hamilton, Hector Alison, Timothy GrilSth, and David 
Brown. Absent : Messrs. George Gillespie and Robert Catlicart. 

Elders : 3Iessrs. Robert Mathies, John Manillee, Alexander Rogers, 
llobert Taylor, William Cunningham, James Snodgrass, John Scot, John 
Crosson, John Callwell, Nathaniel Williams, Thomas Jones, Gillbclcher 
Parker. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon from Psal. cxxxvii. G, by Mr. Alex- 
ander McDowell. 



1748.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 193 

Mr. John Elder chosen moderator, and Mr. Steel clerk. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

May 26, the Synod met according to adjournvient. Ubi post liveccs sedentnt 
qui sitjyra. 

Messrs. Gillespie's and Catheart's absence excused. 

Messrs. Elder's and Guild's absence excused. 

Since our last Mr. John Dick was removed by death. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, McHenry, Guild, Francis Alison, McDowell, 
Griffith, Boyd, Zanchy, and Thorn, be the commission and committee for the 
fund for the following year, and that the following elders, Messrs. llobert 
Mathies, Alexander llogers, John Scot, be joined with them for the committee 
for the fund, and that any five of said commission, with the moderator, be a 
quorum. 

Ordered, Mr. Alison and the moderator examine Philadelphia Presbytery 
book. 

The Presbytery of New Castle declared that in pursuance to the Synod's 
order, have appointed at several times men to prepare their book for the Synod, 
but these members found such difficulties that they have not yet said book in 
proper order. The Presbytery promises to endeavour that it shall be ready 
against our next. 

Ordered, 'That Messrs. McHenry and Guild examine Donegall Presbytery 
book. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery books be brought to our next sederunt. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, it was found that 
none brought but Messrs. Robert Cross, McHenry, and Francis Alison. 

The affair of the School referred. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery of Donegall write to Virginia, to let the 
ministers know that we expect one of their members yearly to attend our 
Synod, that we may know the state of their churches. 

Ordered, That Mr. Timothy Griffith supply Trediffrin once in the two 
months, unless they can be otherwise supplied ; and if New Castle Presbytery 
can procure supplies for the vacancies, he is appointed to supply them once a 
month as formerly, and that he be exempted from any other supplies. 

The Synod recommends to Philadelphia Presbytery to allow Trediffrin as 
many supplies as they can. 

Ordered, That Mr. Alison continue his endeavours to recover what is due to 
the Synod by Mr. Anderson's estate. 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross take care to recover the debts due to our fund by 
Messrs. Gelston and Cunningham. 

The affair of the scruples referred. 

Adjourned to four o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At four o'clock, P. M. Uhi iwst jifeces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, The Presbytery books brought in at our next sederunt. 

The affair of the school continued. 

The affair of the scruples continued. 

In pursuance to a supplication from Virginia, the Synod appoints that one 
minister be sent in the fall and another in the spring, to preach in the back 
parts of Virginia each eight Sabbaths, and that such members be exempted till 
all other members of the Synod do the same, and that said ministers' congre- 
gations be supplied during their absence, one half of the time by their respec- 
tive Presbytery. 

Ordered, That Mr. Richard Zanchy supply eight Sabbaths in the back parts 
25 



194 MINUTES OF THE [1749. 

of Virginia this fall ; and that Mr. Steel supply eight weeks in the spring, and 
return before next Synod. 

It is also recommended to the Presbytery of Donegall, to send their supplies 
to Virginia as often as they can conveniently. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

3Ioi/ 27, nine o^cloch, A. 31. Uhi 2^ost preccs sederunt qui svj^ra. 

Mr. David Brown, a minister of the gospel from North Britain, being ad- 
mitted a member of the Presbytery of New Castle, touk his place among us. 

The Presbytery of Philadelphia have not brought in their book. 

The Synod on serious consideration, finding that the salaries appointed for 
master and usher of the public school, were not sufficient encouragement, order 
that the master be allowed forty pounds, and the usher twenty pounds per 
annum, which salaries are to be raised by collections from the several congre- 
gations, whether enjoying the stated ordinances or vacant, and by sessing each 
scholar twenty shillings per annum, only allowing the committee for said 
school to exempt such scholars as they shall think proper; and if these two 
methods will not answer the above demands, the remainder is to be paid out 
of the yearly interest of the Synod's fund. 

The affiiir of the scruples referred. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clocJc, P. M. Zhi j)OSt preces sederunt qui supra. 

Ordered, That Messrs. McHenry, Cross, Thorn, Boyd, Griffith, McDowell, 
Cathcart, Hector Alison, Hamilton, and Steel, be a committee for the school, 
to meet the second Tuesday of October. 

In pursuance to an order of the Synod to the several Presbyteries and Ses- 
sions thereunto belonging, to consider some scruples concerning the manner 
of administering the sacrament of the Lord's Supper amongst us, offi^rcd by a 
member to the Synod for his own satisfaction, in order to the being prepared 
to give their opinion of them at the next meeting of the Synod ; accordingly 
the Synod having heard, and seriously considered, what was offered by the 
several Presbytei'ies, and several members finding that the scrupler was not 
fully satisfied by what was offered, judge it most expedient to leave said scrupler 
to act in that affair as he shall think most for the glory of God and the edifica- 
tion of his congregation. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at nine o'clock to-morrow, 
or Monday, about that affair, and that they make a return of what they do, at 
the next meeting of the Synod, viz. the fourth Wednesday of May next. 

Concluded with prayer. 

17 49. 

The Synod met at Philadelphia, according to appointment. 

3Iay the 'lAth, 1749. Uhi post ptreces sederunt 

Ministers of Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Boyd, Elder, Thomson, and 
Tate. Absent : Messrs, Zanchy and Caven. 

New Castle : Messrs. Cathcart, Alison, Steel, and Griffith. Absent : Messrs. 
Gillespie, McDowell, Alison, and Hamilton. 

Philadelphia : Messrs. Cross, McHenry, Cowell and Guild. Absent : 
Messrs. David Evans and Elmer. 

Elders : William Ewing, James Morrison, James Moor, Robert King, An- 
drew Boggs, M'illiam Lindsay, George Amie, John Williamson, Thomas James, 
and Robert Matthews. 



1749.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 195 

Mr. Griffith chosen moderator, and Mr. Guild clerk. 

The Synod was opened by Mr. John Elder, with a sermon from 1 Cor. iv. 1. 

A proposal for peace and an union between the Synod of New York and this 
Synod, was brought in by Messrs. John Pierson, Gilbert Tennent, Ebenezer 
Pemberton, and Aaron Burr, which was taken into consideration, and the Synod 
resolved itself into a committee for this purpose, to meet to-morrow morning, 
at nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May the 25th, at nine o'clock, A. M. Lbi post preces sederunt qui supra. 
The Synod met according to adjournment. 
Adjourned to four o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

3Iay 25(h, at four o'clock, P. M. Ulji post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The delegates from the Synod of New York, having conferred with us for 
some time upon their plan for an union, and having given us some hopes that 
our great ground of complaint may be removed, the Synod resolved to leave 
the further consideration of this affair to a commission of our Synod, who are 
to prepare materials to be laid before both Synods at their next meeting, that 
we may come to a final determination, and the Synod orders that a copy of 
their plan and confession be laid before every Presbytery, and that every mem- 
ber, if possible, be consulted on this head, and that every Presbytery offer what 
else they think necessary, in order to answer that valuable end, and give it in 
charge to the delegates which are to meet with these brethren. 

Ordered, That Mr. Griffith write a letter to Mr. Thomson, in Virginia, on 
this head. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Boyd, Elder, Thorn, Cross, Cowell, McHenry, Alison, 
Cathcart, and the moderator, be a commission to treat with these gentlemen at 
Trenton, the first Wednesday of October, and that the clerk inform Mr. Gilbert 
Tennent of the time and place appointed. 

The afiair of the Great Valley referred. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

3Iay 26, at nine o'clock, A. M. Uhi post preces sederunt qui stijyra. 

The Presbytery of Donegall report that they have ordained Mr. Joseph Tate 
since our last, having adopted the Westminster Confession of Faith, and Cate- 
chisms, according to the order of this Synod. 

Mr. David Brown returned to Scotland since our last. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, McHenry, Cowell, Guild, Cathcart, Alison, 
McDowell, Steel, Boyd, Elder, and Thom, be a commission of the Synod, and 
committee for the fund, for the following year, and that Robert Matthews, 
George Currie, Thomas James, and William Lindsay, be joined as elders, and 
that any five of said number, with the moderator, be a quorum. 

Ordered, Messrs. Cross and Boyd to revise New Castle Presbytery book. 
Donegall Presbytery book not brought to Synod. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Alison and Tate revise the Presbytery book of Phila- 
delphia. 

Messrs. Cross and Alison brought money to the fund. 

The afiair of the school referred. 

Ordered, That Mr. Timothy Griffith supply Tredryfrin as often as he can till 
our next. 

Mr. Francis Alison informs that he has received some part of the debt duo 
to our fund by Mr. Anderson's estate, and that his attorney reports that it is 
put on a proper footing to recover it to our satisfaction in some years. 



196 MINUTES OF THE [1750. 

The order to Mr. Cross to recover the sum due to our fund by Mr. Gelston 
and Cunningham, is continued. 

The order to supply the inhabitants of A^irginia by two missionaries, who 
are to be out eight weeks each of them, every year, continued. 

Messrs. Zanchy and Steel have supplied them according to our orders. 

Ordered, That Mr. Joseph Tate go out eight Sabbaths to Virginia this faW, 
and Mr. McHenry as many in the spring, and that their respective Presby- 
teries take care to supply tlieir congregations in their absence, the one-half of 
the time. 

The affair of the fund referred till our next. 

Mr. Alison requested that he might be allowed to join with the Presbytery 
of Philadelphia, the consideration whereof is deferred till our next sederunt. 

Mr. Cross requested supplies for his congregation for some Sabbaths, till it 
please God that he recover his health again. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. M. Uhi j^ost prcces sederunt qui supra. 

The aifair of the school taken into consideration, and after a due inquiry 
into the state of it, the Synod unanimously came to the following resolu- 
tion, viz. 

That the Synod will allow Mr. Alison thirty pounds per annum for teach- 
ing, and they shall be allowed the privilege to exempt any scholars from pay- 
ing, that the trustees of the school judge unable to bear the expenses of edu- 
cation, and that he be allowed in all other respects to demand and receive as 
much for all others as he thinks fit, or is usual for teaching, and that the com- 
mittee appointed last year shall meet the second Wednesday in March, and 
visit the school. 

The affair of the fund deferred till to-morrow morning. 

Mr. Cross desired that his congregation might be supplied by the Synod till 
he recovered his health. 

Ordered, That Mr. Guild supply the first Sabbath in June, Mr. Cowell the 
second, Mr. Alison the third, and Mr. Cathcart the fourth, Mr. Steel the next, 
and that Mr. Cross or his congregation be allowed a discretionary power to 
invite any other of the brethren till the commission meets in the fall. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next. Concluded with prayer. 

1750. 

3Iaij 23(7, 1750. 

The Synod met according to adjournment, and several members being ex- 
pected who are not yet come, the Synod chose to defer entering on business till 
to-morrow morning, at nine o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Maij 24, at nine o'cIocJr, A. M. Ubi post jirecrs sederunt 
Donegal! Presbytery : ■Messrs. John Thomson, 33oyd, Elder, Zanchy, Craig, 
Caven, and Tate. 

Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. Cross, Cowell, Guild, McIIenry, and 

New Castle Presbytery: iMessrs. Cathcart, Alison, McDowell, Griffith, Steel, 
Hamilton, and Hector Alison. 

Elders : Thomas Hope, Arthur Foster, William Watson, William Sherron, 
John Cross, Robert McKnight, William Neill, William Gillespie, Thomas 
James, James Glasgow, Ephraim Wilson, James Mcllvaine, Daniel Ogdeu, and 
William Scot. 



1750.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. I97 

Absent from Donegall Presbytery : Mr. Samuel Thomson and Black. From 
Philadelphia : ]Mr. Evans. From New Castle : Mr. Gillespie. 

Mr. Steel chosen moderator, and Mr. Tate clerk. 

The Synod was opened with a sermon on Piom. xiv. 19, by Mr. Griffith. 

Mr. Thom is deceased since our last. 

Messrs. Zanchy and Caven's absence excused for reasons. Messrs. Gil- 
lespie's, McDowell's, Hamilton's and Alison's reasons for their absence sus- 
tained. 

The commissioners appointed to treat with the delegates from the Synod 
of New York, met with them at Trenton the first Wednesday of October, 
and inform us, that after some time spent, they could do nothing further to 
procure a union till the meeting of both Synods, by reason of some of the 
brethren of the Synod of New York, concerning the explication of their own 
plan, which they had offered to this Synod, upon which it was unanimously 
agreed, that every member of both Synods should study peace and friendship, 
and that the brethren of Y^'ork Synod should communicate whatever other pro- 
posal they think necessary for procuring a union to us at the next synodical 
meeting, by Mr. Hazard, and that we should send them our answer by the 
same gentleman. 

We find that Mr. Gilbert Tennent has delivered to Mr. Cross the copy of 
a minute of the Synod of New York, at their sessions in Maidenhead, May 
the 17th, 1750, which is laid before us, and is as follows : 

The consideration of the union being reassumed, according to the conclu- 
sion of the commissioners of both Synods, the Synod is sorry that they can- 
not proceed to make further proposals at this time, through the absence of last 
year's clerk, and by that means the want of the minutes and the copy of the 
former plan, but still profess their design to enter upon the affair of the union 
at their next sessions, and in the mean time to maintain a spirit of candour and 
friendship. 

Ordered, That a copy of this minute be sent to the Rev. Mr. Gilbert Ten- 
nent, who is hereby appointed to deliver it to the Synod of Philadelphia, at the 
beginning of their next session. 

A true copy. Test. Thomas Arthur, Clerk. 

The Synod having considered the report of the commissioners, and the 
minute of the Synod of New York, which was laid before them, are sorry a 
thing so much desired by us could not be prosecuted as our brethren of the 
Synod of New York intended, but expecting that we shall at their next synodi- 
cal meeting, have our expectations answered, by such proposals as shall effec- 
tually promote union, shall heartily join with them in the mean time in pur- 
suing such measures as shall promote candour and friendship. 

Ordered, That a copy of this minute be given to the Rev. Mr. Gilbert 
Tennent. 

The affair of the Great Valley referred. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, McHenry, Cowell, Cathcart, Boyd, Griffith, 
Francis Alison, McDowell, Tate, and the moderator, be the commission of 
the Synod for the ensuing year, and the committee for the fund, and that any 
five be a quorum, if called by the moderator, and that John Cross, Thomas 
James and William Neal, be joined as elders in the affair of the fund. 

New Castle Presbytery book not here. 

Ordered, That the Presbyterial books be brought to our next Synod. 

The following brethren brought money for the fund, Messrs. Elder, Craig, 
Tate, Cross, Alison, McDowell, Steel, and Hamilton. 

The order on Mr. Cross with respect to the sum due by Messrs. Gelston and 
Cunningham, continued. 

Messrs. McHenry and Tate fulfilled their appointments in Virginia. 



198 MINUTES OF THE [1750. 

Ordered, That Mr. Griffith supply the back inhabitants in Virginia, eight 
Sabbaths this fall, and that Mr. Samuel Thomson supply them eight Sabbaths 
in the spring, and as much more as he can. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. 31. Uhi jwst jwcces sederunt qui svjira. 

The affair of the Great Valley referred. The affair of the school and fund 
referred. 

The congregation of the Great Valley is remitted to the care of the Presby- 
tery of Philadelphia, and that Mr. Griffith supply said congi-egation as fre- 
quently as possible. 

Upon reading a supplication from Brown Meeting-house in Virginia, the 
Synod appoint a committee to meet on the place, viz. Messrs. John Thomson, 
Black, and Griffith, and that they or any two of them, shall endeavour to regu- 
late that, and all other such affairs as shall come before them. 

The Synod resolved into a committee of the whole house. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Ma?/ the 25th, A. M. Uhi jiost preces sederunt qui stijyra. 

An affair concerning promises of marriage between and a young wo- 
man being laid before the Synod by the Presbytery of New Castle, the Synod 

on the consideration thereof, and because desired, on some accounts, to 

be loosed from said obligation, and it was found the young woman scrupled 
the lawfulness of their being loosed from said obligation, the first question put 
in the affair was. Whether a single man and woman having promised mar- 
riage to each other, may lawfully agree again to release each other from the 
promise ; and after mature deliberation, the Synod resolved the case, that it was 
lawful, nemine contradicente. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Thomson and Cathcart, go with to the young 

woman, in order to acquaint her with the Synod's ojtinion to endeavour to issue 
that affair. 

being called before the Synod and asked, whether he had promised to 

this young woman marriage, he acknowledged he had, and that he was culpable 
in entering into such rash and unwarrantable methods of engaging. 

The question was put censure or not, and it was carried c(!nsure. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three o' clock, P. M. Uhi post preces sederunt qui srtpra. 

The affair of reassumed. Another question was put, what censure is 

to be inflicted upon him for his misconduct in the above mentioned affair? 

And after serious consideration and much reasoning on this head, the Synod 
came to a resolution, that a rebuke before the Synod was necessary to show 
our detestation of such rash proceedings in young people. And that 3Ir. John 
Thomson admonish him. 

being called, the minute in respect to his affair was read and he cen- 
sured accordingly, to which he submitted. 

The Synod being informed, that two young men were ready to offer them- 
Belves to examination by the Synod or committee, according to the act, Messrs. 
Thomson, Elder, Zanchy, Cross, McHenry, Guild, McDowell, Steel, and 
Cathcart, were appointed to meet here to-morrow morning at six o'clock, 
to examine them, and that as many of the other brethren as think fit may 
attend. 

The affair of the fund and school continued. 

Adjourned till nine, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 



1751.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 199 

May 26, nine dclock, A. M. TJhi 'post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The committee appointed to examine the candidates attended according to 
appointment, and report to the Synod that they approve of them. 
Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next. 
Concluded with prayer. 

1751. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

3Iay 12.d, 1751. Uhi post preces sederunt 

Members of Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Boyd, Elder, Black, and Tate. 
Absent : John Thomson, Zanchy, S. Thomson, and Craig. 

Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Cross and McHenry. Absent : Messrs. 
Elmer, Cowell, and Guild. 

New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Cathcart, Francis Alison, Steel, Hector 
Alison, and Griffith. Absent : Messrs. Gillespie, McDowell, and Hamilton. 

Elders : Messrs. Andrew Wilson, William Armstrong, David Craig, Ptobert 
Matthews, John McMichael, George Currie, Andrew Porter, James Mcllvaine, 
Thomas James, and William Ramsey. 

Mr. Robert Cross chosen moderator, and Mr. Hector Alison clerk. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon on 1 Cor. iv. 2, by Mr. John Steel. 

Mr. Samuel Caven is deceased since our last, and likewise Mr. David 
Evans. 

The affair of Mr. Samuel Evans referred. The affair of the union referred. 

Ordered, That Messrs. McHenry, Cowell, Cathcart, Boyd, Griffith Elder, 
Francis Alison, McDowell, Tate, and the moderator, be the commission of the 
Synod for the ensuing year, and be the committee for the fund, and that four 
with the moderator be a quorum ; and that Robert Mathies, George Currie, and 
William Armstrong, be joined in the affair of the fund. 

Ordered, The Presbyteries' books be brought to the next Synod. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, the following 
brethren brought : Messrs. Boyd, Tate, Cross, Cathcart, Alison, and Steel. 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross write to Lewistown, to put them in mind of their 
duty concerning the fund. 

Mr. Elder's affair referred. The affair of the school referred. 

The order on Mr. Cross with respect to the sums due by Messrs. Gelston and 
Cunningham, be continued. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock in the morning. Concluded with prayer. 

May 23, nine o'clocJc, A. M. Uhi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of Mr. Samuel Evans continued. The affair of the union continued. 

Mr. Elder's affiiir continued. The affair of the school continued. 

Mr. Griffith fulfilled his appointment in Virginia. 

Mr. Thomson failed to fulfil his appointments in Virginia, and excused. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hector Alison supply the back j^arts of Virginia eight 
Sabbaths next fall. 

Ordered, That Mr. Smith supply the back parts of Virginia eight Sabbaths 
next spring. 

Ordered, That Mr. Black supply Buffalo settlement and adjacent places four 
Sabbaths before our next. 

Ordered, That Mr. Craig supply about Roanoke and Reedy Creek, and places 
adjacent, three Sabbaths, and the Soitth Branch of Potomac and places adjacent, 
three Sabbaths more before our next. 



200 MINUTES OP THE [1751. 

Ordered, That Mr. Smith supply at Norrington the ensuing Sabbath, and at 
the Great Valley the Tuesday following. 

The affair of the school and fund continued. 

Mr. Griffith complied with the appointment of the Synod with respect to the 
Great Valley. 

Mr. Griffith met at Brown's meeting-house in Virginia, according to appoint- 
ment, and none other of the members meeting, nor both parties, nothing was 
done in the affair. 

Ordered, Messrs. Black and Alison meet next fall at Brown's meeting- 
house to try Avhat they can do in the affair, and report the same to the Synod 
next meeting. 

Messrs. Thomson and Cathcart met at White Clay Creek, according to last 
year's appointment, about Mr. Alison's affair, and though they then had not 
full satisfaction of seeing that affiir concluded at that time, yet the Synod is 
now fully satisfied by credible information, that all obligations between said 
parties are mutually discharged to the satisfaction of both. 

Commissioners from Norrington petitioned the Synod for supplies for the 
ensuing year, which is referred till the afternoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At tfiree d clock, P. M. Vhi post prcces scdenint qui snpra. 

Upon considering the conduct of Mr. Samuel Evans, which was referred to 
the Synod for advices, it is agreed : That ]\Ir. Evans having acted disorderly in 
dissolving the pastoral relation between himself and his people, and having 
travelled to England again and again, without certificates by way of recom- 
mendation to the churches in that part of the world ; and having in other things 
acted, from time to time, in a way unsuitable to his character as a gospel 
minister, we disown him as a member of this Synod until he give us satisfaction 
by a return to his duty, and amend his life and conduct. 

The affair of the union continued. Mr. Elder's affair continued. The affair 
of the school continued. 

The affair of the Great Valley and Norrington came under consideration, 
and appointed that Mr. McHenry supply the first Sabbath of August, of Feb- 
ruary, and May, at Norrington, if they be vacant ; and that Mr. Cowell and 
Guild supply the same place tlie first Sal»bath of July, September, October, 
December and January; and that Mr. Grifiith supply them one Sabbath before 
December next, and must ac([uaint them of the day. 

Ordered, That Mr. Griffith sup])ly the congregation of the Great Valley 
one Sabbath in the mouth until the candidates arc licensed, and the Pres- 
bytery of Philadelphia agrees that these congregations may apply to New 
Castle Presbytery for supplies from the said candidates wdien licensed, by 
turns, and that Mr. Mcllenry supjily the Great Valley the fb'st Sabbath of • 
November. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Mii/ 24/74, at nine o'clock, A. J\[. Uhi jiost prcccs sederunt qui siqva. 

The aflair of the union continued. jNIr. Elder's affair continued. The 
affair of the .school continuetl. 

Upon considering the affair of the uninn, our Synod sent a messenger to 
jNIr. Hazard's to see whether the Synod of New York had left any proposals 
with him to be delivered to us, to which he answered, they had ; but that he 
•was ordered not to deliver them to us without receiving our proposals to 
them. 



1751.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 201 

The Synod finding that there was some misapprehension between them 
and the Synod of New York, about the meaning of both parties delivering 
their proposals sealed to Mr. Hazard, came to the following resolution : 

That since our brethren will not allow us to see their proposals till we give 
ours in writing, which our commissioners to Trenton do not agree to be the 
intention of that proposal ; but that this method was intended to prevent cla- 
mour and misrepresentations. We are determined to send them our proposals 
as soon as possible, but the minutes of our proceeding in that afiliir, being in 
Mr. McHenry's hands, so that we cannot proceed as we could wish, we 
recommend it to our brethren, to use all endeavours to promote a healing 
spirit, so that our designs may be brought to a comfortable issue, and we shall, 
through divine assistance, labour to do the same ; and we shall meet for this 
purpose the first Wednesday of September next, in Philadelphia, that the 
Synod of New York may have an opportunity of considering our overtures, 
and taking proper measures for the concluding a union, which may be of much 
advantage to this church. 

Ordered, That a copy of this minute be delivered to the Rev. Mr. Gilbert 
Tennent. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hector Alison stay in town till he transcribe our minutes 
for these years past, and that he be paid out of the fund for this service, and 
for settling the accounts of the fund. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. 31. Uhi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod being informed that Mr. Hugh Knox and Mr. John Alison, are 
waiting on them to be examined according to the rules of this Synod, it is 
agreed that they attend the Presbytery of New Castle, at Elk River, the first 
Tuesday of August, and be examined by them, and that Messrs. Boyd and Tate 
correspond with them at that time. 

_ The afiair of the school considered, and ordered, That four scholars be en- 
tirely exempted from paying, and the residue of the twenty pounds is to be divi- 
ded among such as Mr. Alison shall think fit. Three being mentioned for this 
purpose. 

Ordered, That the last year's minute relating to the school be continued. 

Ordered, to allow Mr. Gillespie five pounds out of the fund for building 
his meeting-house, and five pounds to Mr. Elder, the first to be paid on demand" 
and the last at our next meeting in September. 

Adjourned till the first Wednesday of September ensuing. 

Concluded with prayer. 

1751. 

The Synod met according to adjournment at four o'clock, P. M. 

September 4t7i, 1751. V hi post preces sederunt 
Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Boyd, Elder, and Zanchy. 
Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Cross and McHenry. 
New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Cathcart, Alison, Steel, and Hector 
Alison. 

Elders: Messrs. Robert Chambers, John Watt, Robert Mathies, James 
Scot. ' 

Mr. Cross continued moderator, and Hector Alison clerk. 

Absent from Donegall Presbytery: Messrs. Thomson, Tate, Craig, and 
Black. From Philadelphia Presbytery: Messrs. Cowell, and Guild. ^From 
26 



202 MINUTES OF THE [1751. 

New Castle Presbytery: Messrs. Gillespie, McDowell, Griffith, and Ha- 
milton. 

Ordered, That Messrs. IMcHenry, Cowell, Catheart, Boyd, Griffith, Elder, 
Francis Alison, McDowell, Tate, and the moderator, be the commission of the 
Synod for the ensuing year, and be the commiteee for the fund. And that 
four with the moderator be a quorum. 

And ordered. That the Presbytery of New Castle examine the young men 
next October, who offered themselves to trials at the last meeting of our 
Synod. 

Ordered, That the Presbytery Books be brought against our nest 
Synod. 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross either get in the interest due upon our bonds, or 
that he sue for the principal and interest, and that it be reported at our next 
sederunt what interest is due, and in whose name the bonds are taken. 

Ordered, That the minutes of our last be consulted with reference to our 
Synodical appointments. 

The affair of the school continued, as we determined at our last meeting, to 
the minutes of which we refer for further information. 

The affair of the union of the two Synods taken under consideration. 

Ordered, That a copy of the proposals of the Synod of New York for a 
union with this Synod in the year 1749, which were hitherto omitted, be now 
inserted ; which are as follow : 

The Synod of New York are deeply sensible of the many unhappy conse- 
quences that flow from our present divided state, and have with pleasure ob- 
served a spirit of moderation increasing between many of the members of both 
Synods ; this opens a door of hope, that if we were united in one body we 
might be able to carry on the designs of religion in future peace and agree- 
ment, to our mutual satisfaction ; and though we retain the same sentiments 
of the work of God which we formerly did, yet we esteem mutual forbear- 
ance our duty, since we all profess the same Confession of Faith, and Direc- 
tory of worship. We would, therefore, humbly propose to our brethren of 
the Synod of Philadelphia, that all our former differences be buried in perpet- 
ual oblivion, and that for the time to come both Synods be united in one, and 
thenceforth there be no contention among us, but to carry it towards each 
other in the most peaceable and brotherly manner, which we are persuaded 
will be for the honour of our Master, the credit of our profession, and the edi- 
fication of the churches committed to our care. Accordingly we appoint the 
Rev. Messrs. John Pierson, Gilbert Tennent, Ebcnezer Pemberton, and Aaron 
Burr, to be our delegates to wait upon the Synod of Philadelphia with these 
proposals, and if they shall see meet to join with us in this desirable design, 
we think it would be best to appoint a commission of both the Synods to meet 
at such time and place as they shall choose, and finally to determine this 
affair. And to preserve the common peace we would desire that all names of 
distinction which have been made use of in the late times, be for ever abolished; 
that every member give his consent to the AVestrainister Confession of 
Faith and Directory, according to the plan formerly agreed to by the Synod 
of Philadelphia, in the year 1729. Further, that every member promise that 
after any question has been determined by a major vote, he will actively con- 
cur, or passively submit, to tlie judgment of the body, but if his conscience 
permit him to comply with neither of these, that then he shall be obliged 
peaceably to withdraw from our synodical communion, without any attempt 
to make a schism or division among us. This is not intended to extend to 
any cases but those which the Synod judge essential to the maintaining of 
doctrine, discipline, and worship ; that all our present congregations be ac- 
knowledged as congregations belonging to the Synod, but to belong to the 



1751.] SYNOD OF PIIILADELPIIIA. 203 

same Presbytery as they now do, till a favourable opportunity presents for an 
advantageous alteration. That we all agree to esteem and treat it as a culpa- 
ble evil to accuse any of our members of error in doctrine, or immorality in 
conversation, any otherwise than by private reproof, till the accusation has 
been brought before a regular judicature, and issued according to the known 
rules of our discipline. Signed per order of the Synod, 

Per Samuel Finly, Synod Clerk. 
The delegates from the Synod of New York agreed to the following con- 
cessions and amendments in the forementioned proposals, which, according 
to the references in them are as follow : 

1. Though great and good men have been of different opinions. 

2. Always reserving a liberty for such dissenting members to lay their 
grievances before the Synod in a peaceable manner. N. B. What remains of 
the sentence to be erased. 

That there be no intrusions into the bounds of Presbyteries, or pastoral 
charges, against the inclination of the Presbyteries or pastors. 

That all candidates for the work of the sacred ministry either be examined 
and approved by the Synod or its commission, previous to their admission 
upon trials by any of our Presbyteries ; or else, that they be obliged to obtain 
a college diploma, or a certificate from the president or trustees of the college, 
that they have been examined and found qualified. 

Mr. (xilbert Tennent only objected against the synodical examination of 
young men. 

Agreed that the commissioners ripen things for our next synodical meet- 
ing, but not finally determine any thing. 

The commissions of the Synods of ^Philadelphia and New York met each 
other according to agreement at Trenton, Mr. Cowell chosen moderator, and 
Thomas Arthur clerk. 

Some difficulties arising in the conversations of the commissioners of both 
Synods, they came finally and unanimously into this agreement, that both 
Synods at their next meeting, do more fully prepare, and then interchange, 
mutual proposals for an accommodation, and in the mean time there be a mu- 
tual endeavour to cultivate a spirit of candour and friendship. 

Thomas Arthur, Clerk. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Sejitemher the 5th. Vhi post preces sederunt qui supra. 
The Synod met according to adjournment. 
The order relating to the fund continued. 
Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. 31. Ubi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

The Synod having maturely and seriously considered the affair of the 
union, agreed at last, nemine contmdicente, that the following terms be pro- 
posed to the Synod of New York, and that Hector Alison transcribe them 
against our next meeting. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

September the Qth. Ubi p>ost p>reces sederunt qui supra. 
The Synod met according to adjournment. 

The proposals were transcribed and brought in according to appointment, 
which were approved, and sent to 3Ir. Hazard, and are as follow : 



204 MINUTES OF THE [1751. 

" The Synod of Philadelphia being deeply sensible of the unhappy con- 
sequences of division, are willing with pleasure, to listen to proposals for heal- 
ing the breaches between the two Synods, and as the Synod of York ex- 
presses an earnest desire of an union, that we may be able jointly to carry on 
the design of religion in future peace and agreement, we have considered your 
plan of an accommodation laid before us in the year 1749, and find that it has 
a peaceable tendency, and for this reason we determine to comply with the 
proposals you laid down, as closely and as far as we can expect to preserve 
our future peace and agreement, and to mention briefly the plan of union and 
rules of our conduct for time to come towards each other, and in our judica- 
tures. "We propose, therefore, (as the Synod of York have proposed to us.) 
■we agree that all names of distinctions which have been made use of in late 
times, be for ever abolished. 

2. '^ That every member give his assent to the Westminster Confession of 
Faith and Directory, according to the plan agreed on in our Synod, and that 
no acts be made but concerning matters that appear to the body plain duty, or 
concerning opinions that we believe relate to the great truths of religion, and 
that all public and fundamental agreements of this Synod stand safe. 

3. " That every member engage that after any question has been deter- 
mined by a major vote, he will actively concur, or passively submit, to the 
judgment of the body, or if his conscience permit him to comply with neither 
of these, he shall be obliged to withdraw peaceably, always reserving him a 
liberty to sue for a review, and to lay his grievances before the body in a 
Christian manner. 

4. " That we agree to esteem it a culpable evil, and treat it as such, to ac- 
cuse any of our brethren of error in doctrine, or immorality in practice, othei"- 
wise than by private admonition, or to spread evil surmises that he is grace- 
less, or unconverted, till the accusation has been brought before a regular 
judicature, and issued according to the rules of well known church discipline. 

5. " That no intrusions into the bounds of any of our Presbyteries, or pas- 
toral charges, without the consent of the Presbytery, or minister, be first ob- 
tained implicitly or explicitly ; and that no person be excluded from any of 
our judicatures without regular proceedings, according to our known rules of 
church discipline ; and that all candidates for the sacred work of the ministry 
be either examined by the Synod, or their commission, and be approved by 
them, in the languages and philosophy, or shall be obliged to bring a college 
certificate or diploma, to assert that they are suitably qualified according to 
the rules of that college, before they be admitted to trials in any of our Pres- 
byteries, and we promise that we will encourage them to fall in with this last 
as the most honourable and customary. 

6. " We propose, according to the first article, that all names of distinc- 
tion shall be for ever abolished, and for this purpose we think it necessary 
that our I'resbyteries shall be made up every where of the ministers that live 
contiguous to one another, so that there shall be no such party names, as old 
and new Presbyteries, for old and new congregations to repair to, that they 
may obtain ministers bearing party names ; and that if any minister shall be 
dissatisfied to sit with the Presbytery that is next to him, he shall, upon ap- 
plication to the Synod, have liberty to join with the neighbouring Presbytery 
which he shall choose, if they think it for edification to allow him the liberty. 

7. " And though we cannot but lament the divisive practices that have been 
carried on in this church these several years, so much to the disadvantage of 
religion, yet out of a sincere regard to the peace of the church we propose 
that such congregations where there are new erections, each of which are able 
to support a minister, be continued, and that such congregations where there 



1752.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 205 

are two parties, and neither supplied with a minister, that all care be taken by 
the Presbytery to which they belong to unite them, but that where any erec- 
tions have been made by these practices to the prejudice of former standing 
congregations, and said erections supplied with ministers, that said ministers 
be removed, and all proper methods taken to heal the breach. 

And though this last proposal may seem to bear hard on some ministers, 
yet we hope that few will be affected by it, and that these may find more com- 
fortable settlements in our numerous vacancies, and be more extensively ser- 
viceable in Christ's vineyard ; and upon these terms we heartily agree with 
the Synod of York, that since we profess the same Confession of Faith, and 
Directory for worship, all our former differences be buried in perpetual obli- 
vion, and that henceforth there be no contention among us but to carry it 
towards each other in the most amicable and brotherly manner. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May. Concluded with prayer. 

1752. 

The Synod of Philadelphia met according to adjournment. 

Mai/ 27, 1752. Uhi post preces sederunt 

From Donegall Presbytery : Messrs, Boyd, Elder, Thomson, Tate. Absent : 
Messrs. Zanchy, Craig, Black. Present, Mr. Smith. 

Philadelphia: Messrs. Cross, Cowell, and McHenry. Absent: Messrs. 
Elder and Guild. 

\ew Castle : Messrs. Cathcart, Francis Alison, McDowell, Griffith, Steel, 
and Hector Alison. Absent : Messrs. Gillespie and Hamilton. 

Elders : Messrs. Thomas Hope, Thomas Dugan, James Murphie, Andrew 
Boggs, John Cross, Hugh Ferguson, James Smith, Nathaniel Williams, Fran- 
cis Williamson, John Hall, John McNeal, James Pagan. 

Mr. Cowell moderator, Mr. Sampson Smith clerk. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon on 1 Tim. iv. 16, by Mr. Cross, last 
year's moderator. 

The Presbytery of Donegall ordained Mr. Sampson Smith to the work of 
the ministry since our last meeting, who is now received as a member of this 
Synod. 

Mr. Thomson's last year's absence excused for indisposition. Mr. Cow- 
ell's absence excused. Mr. McDowell excused for reasons given. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Cathcart Griffith, McHenry, Elder, 
McDowell, Tate, be the commission of the Synod for the ensuing year, and 
the committee for the fund ; and that four with the moderator be a quoroum. 
And that John Cross. James Murphey, and Hugh Ferguson, elders, be joined 
in the affair of the fund. 

Ordered, That the Presbyteries bring in their books against our next. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, the following 
brethren, Messrs. McHenry, Boyd, Tate, Steel, McDowell, Cathcart, brought 
something. 

The consideration of the collection of the fund referred. 

Ordered, That Mr. Cross let Mr. Gelston know that the Synod will remit 
the interest of the money which he owes them, provided that he forthwith 
pays the principal. 

The affair of the school deferred. 

Mr. Hector Alison and Mr. Smith fulfilled their appointments in Virginia. 
Further appointments to Virginia deferred. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 



206 MINUTES OF TIIE [1752. 

May 28<A, at nine o'clock, A. M. Lhi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod met according to adjourment. The consideration of the collection 
for the fund referred. The affair of the school referred. 

The affair of the union deferred. 

The petition of Catharine Cowan was brought in and read ; the Synod refer 
this affair to the Presbytery of Donegall, together with Messrs. Cathcart, 
jMcDowell, Griffith, and Steel, as correspondents from the Pesbytery of New 
Castle, to meet at Octorara the second Tuesday of August, and that Mr. Boyd's 
session give notice to all parties concerned. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 28^/i, at three o'clock, P. M. Vhi post p)rcces sederunt qui stipra. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

The consideration of the collection for the fund deferred. The affair of the 
school deferred. The affair of the union deferred. The consideration of the 
supplication from Virginia resumed. 

Ordered, That Mr. McCannan supply' the congregations of North and South. 
Mountain, Timber Grove, North Eiver, and Cook's Creek, and at John Hin- 
son's until the middle of October next chiefly, and at other vacancies as often 
as he can. And that Mr. Kinkead shall supj)ly the same from the middle of 
November nest until the first of March, provided he has not received a call, 
and in that case he shall continue eight weeks only. 

Ordered also. That Mr. Craig supply these vacancies at their request, and 
that ]Messrs. McCannan and Craighead supply his congregation, if required, 
the half of the time he is absent. 

A letter from the Synod of New York was brought in and read. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Alison, Steel, McDowell, Elder, Boyd, 
McIIenry, and the moderator, be a committee to consider the same, and draw 
an answer, and present it to the Synod for their approbation. 

The Synod having deliberately considered the affair of IMr. Alison's remo- 
val to Philadelphia, referred to them by the Presbytery of New Castle, judge 
that the method he used is contrary to the Presbyterian plan. Yet con- 
sidering that the circumstances which urged him to take the method he used, 
were very pressing, and that it was indeed almost impracticable to him to 
apply for the consent of Presbytery or Synod, in the orderly way ; and fur- 
ther, being persuaded that Mr. Alison's being employed in such a station in 
the academy, has a favourable aspect in several respects, and a very probable 
tendency, not only to promote the good of the public, but also of the church, 
as he may be serviceable to the interests thereof in teaching philosophy and 
divinity, as far as his obligations to the academy will permit, we judge that 
his proceedings in said affair, are in a great measure excusable. Withal, the 
Synod advises, that for the future, its members be very cautious and guard 
against such proceedings as are contrary to our known approved methods in 
such cases. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 29/7t. Uhi piost pireces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod met at ten o'clock, according to adjournment. 

Mr. Francis Alison requested that he should be allowed to sit as a member 
of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, seeing he was settled in their bounds; and 
it is ordered that he belong to said Presbytery. 

Affair of fund, collection, and school, kc. deferred. 



1752.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 207 

The committee appointed to consider the terms of accommodation offered us 
by the Synod of New York, brought in an overture, which was considered and 
approved, and is as follows : 

*' Upon perusal of yours, our pleasing views of a comfortable union, from 
repeated intimations of your readiness to comply with what appeared reason- 
able, are considerably abated ; especially as we apprehend you receding further 
from a union, and from your own former proposals in order thereunto, which 
we shall fully point out, being persuaded it is our duty, being willing for and 
desirous of a reasonable accommodation. 

" 1st. You have repeatedly proposed that all former differences be buried 
in perpetual oblivion, which you apprehend for the honour of our Master, the 
credit of our profession, and the edification of the church. How, consistently 
therewith, do you insist that the protestation of the Synod, in the year 1741, 
be declared void and of none effect ? and that this declaration shall be a term 
of union, since the Synod have assured you, and are willing to declare, that 
upon the union, they shall act and carry it towards you as if this protestation 
had never been made, looking upon the design of the protestation answered 
by reasonable terms of union; and if any thing further be intended by your 
insisting that said protestation be declared void and of no effect, we assure you 
we are well satisfied that said protestation was made on sufficient and justi- 
fiable grounds, and we are not in the least convinced that the Synod acted 
wrong in said step. 

'' 2dly. You insist that Presbyteries shall continue as they are, and declare 
you see no reason to dissolve the new modeled Presbyteries. How is this con- 
sistent with your proposals, that all differences be perpetually buried, and that 
all names and distinctions be for ever abolished ; nay, how can you reconcile it 
in your own minds with the peace of this church, the valuable end to be 
aimed at by the union ? besides we acquainted you, that an uniting of Pres- 
byteries appeared to us so requisite to the peace of our church, that unless 
your delegates had given us, by their concessions, ground to believe your 
Synod would have consented to this, we should have looked upon any attempt 
for union as vain and useless. 

" And your own former proposals on this head, viz : that congregations as 
they are at present, should belong to the same Presbytery they now do, till a 
favourable opportunity of an advantageous alteration, gave us ground to appre- 
hend that you would consent, from the apparent necessity of the thing, to this 
advantageous alteration. 

" 3dly. You have formerly .declared, that though your sentiments, of what 
you esteemed a work of God, continued the same, yet you judged mutual for- 
bearance your duty, since we all profess the same Confession of Faith and 
Directory for worship. But now you seem to insist on a joint testimony for 
such a glorious work of God, in the late religious appearances, as a term of 
union, by making it one of your proposals for peace and union, that you hope 
both Synods will go into such a testimony. How is this consistent with your 
former professed sentiments of the duty of forbearance in said case, and with your 
declared sentiments, that no difference in judgment in cases of plain sin and 
duty, and opinions relating to the great truths of religion, is a sufficient reason 
why the differing member should be obliged to withdraw, unless the said plain 
duty or truth be judged by the body essential, in doctrine or discipline ? And 
we think it strange you would insist on this or even mention it as a proposal 
for union, seeing your delegates before us conceded that both great and good 
men had differed from them on that head, besides your own declaration on 
that affair, viz : that you doubt not but that there were several follies and ex- 
travagancies of the people and artifices of Satan intermixed with what you call 
a glorious work of God's Spirit, plainly evince the difficulty of such a testis 



208 MINUTES OF THE [1752. 

mony, especially to such who cannot easily be persuaded to declare that these 
religious appearances were a saving work of God's Spirit. 

" Besides, in order to such a testimony, in an affair confessedly difficult, 
that it be consistent with reason and a good conscience, we apprehend that it 
is your business and duty who hope for, and insist on such testimony, that you 
point out what you believe to be a glorious work of God's Spirit in the late 
religious appearances, and what to be the follies and extravagancies of the 
people, and the artifices of Satan, that so a distinct testimony be given for the 
encouragement of the one, and for preventing the other, and undeceiving many 
among the simple and ignorant who may have mistaken the one for the other, 
and yet continue in the mistake. 

'* ithly. "We have condescended for the sake of peace, that all the minis- 
ters belonging to your Synod, and all their congregations, should belong to 
this body ', but when intrusions have been made by disorderly ministers into 
our congregations, so as to render them incapable to perform their solemn en- 
gagements to their pastors, we think these things that are so unjust ought to 
be rectified, yet, if consistent with the rights of gospel ministers, you can find 
a salve for this difficulty, we will gladly approve of it. 

" 5thly. As for our sentiments in other affairs, relating to the proposed 
union, we refer you to our late proposals, which we apprehend just and rea- 
sonable, and as yet see no just reasons to recede from, or make any material 
abatements of them; and particularly in regard to proposals for deciding affairs 
by majority of vote, we apprehend it strictly Presbyterian and reasonable, and 
are not convinced that the alteration in that article proposed by you about what 
is essential and what not, is necessary; nay, we apprehend that such an altera- 
tion as stated by you, has a bad aspect, and opens a door for an unjustifiable 
latitude both in principles and practice, 

" 6thly. We are much satisfied to hear you propose that young men should 
bring college certificates, seeing that you have now, by the goodness of Divine 
Providence, a college erected. We are and ever were as much for this, and 
more than some of these brethren who once belonged to this Synod; and we 
would put you in mind that there were colleges erected in reach of your youth 
before you had one in New Jersey. But no regard was to be paid to our re- 
peated desires and public votes that our young men should have education, 
and certificates from them, when it was proposed by our Synod; and we 
think that our Synod may find, among their number, men as well qualified to 
examine and judge of men's abilities as cither the tutors, trustees, or rectors 
of your college, so that we think the approbation of our Synod, or committee, 
a good alternative, and yet will give it up if you oblige all your candidates to 
bring college certificates, unless in extraordinary cases, and these shall be settled 
to prevent such disorders as we have seen and felt in time past. 

"At present we are well pleased with any degree of a disposition towards 
peace and union professed by you, and are resolved to cultivate and improve, 
in ourselves, and others in any measure under our influence, the same peace- 
able disposition, and to concur heartily with you in any plan of accommodation 
reasonable and consistent with our profession as Presbyterians, and for the good 
of the Church and honour of our Lord and Master." 



At tlirec o^doch, P. M. Uhi jwst j^reccs sederunt qui siij?m. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

The affair of the school came under consideration, and it is appointed that it 
be under the care of Mr. Alexander McDowell for the ensuing year, and that 
he employ an assistant, and that it be examined by the Presbytery of New 



1753.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. oqq 

Castle the second Wednesday of April, and that he be allowed for his encour- 
agement twenty pounds per annum. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

May 30/7i, at nine o'clock, A. M. The Synod met. Uhi post preces sederunt 

qui supra. 
Ordered, That the letter for the Synod of New York be sent to them, and 
committed to the care of Mr. Samuel Hazard. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May 1753. Concluded with prayer. 

1753. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

May 23, 1753. Ubipost preces sederunt 

From the Presbytery of Donegall: Messrs. Boyd, Zanchy, Elder, Tate, 
Smith. Absent : Messrs. Thomson, Craig, Black. 

From Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Cross and Alison. Absent : Messrs. 
Cowell, Elmer, Guild, McHenry. 

From New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Cathcart, Steel, Alison. Absent : 
Messrs. Grillespie, McDowell, Griffith, Hamilton. 

Elders : Francis Gardner, Kobert Dugan, Brice Innis, Patrick Campbell, 
William Marshall, John Williamson, John Hall, Moses Irwin, James Mackey. 

The Synod was opened by Mr. Hector Alison, with a sermon from Jer. 
ix. 23, 24 ; Mr. Cowell, last year's moderator, being absent. 

Mr. Hector Alison chosen moderator, Mr. Zanchy clerk. 

Mr. Zanchy gave reasons for his absence last year, which were sustained. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Cathcart, Steel, Elder, McHenry, 
McDowell, Tate, and the moderator, be the commission of the Synod for the 
ensuing year, and the committee for the fund ; and that four, with the mode- 
rator, be a quorum ; and that Patrick Campbell, William Marshall, and John 
Cross, be joined in the affair of the fund. 

Ordered, That the Presbyteries bring in their books to-morrow morning. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, it was found the 
following brethren brought, viz. Messrs. Boyd, two pounds five shillings; 
Tate, one pound six shillings; Steel, seventeen shillings; Smith, one pound 
ten shillings; Cathcart, ten shillings; Hector Alison, one pound; Cross, six 
pounds thirteen shillings; McDowell, thirteen shillings and four pence; Mr. 
Zanchy's congregation is to contribute to the fund for the use of the school. 

The affair of Virginia deferred. 

The affiiir of the school deferred. 
Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

3Iay 24:ih, at nine o'cIocJc, A. M. Ubipost i^rcces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

The Bev. Messrs. John Thomson and Hugh Conn died since our last 
Synod. 

Messrs. McDowell and Griffith came this day and gave the reasons of their 
yesterday's absence, which were sustained. 

jNIr. Cowell sent us a letter containing reasons for his non-attendance, which 
were sustained. 

The Presbj'tery of New Castle brought in their book according to yesterday's 
order, and Messrs. Elder and Tate are appointed to revise it. 
27 



210 MINUTES OF THE [1753. 

The affair of Virginia deferred. The affair of the school deferred. The con- 
sideration of the affair of the fund deferred. 

We received a copy of the minutes of the Synod of New York, containing 
the reasons why they could not enter on the affair of the union so as to give 
an answer to our hist year's letter. 

Mr. McKennan fulfilled his appointment in Virginia. Mr. Kinkead did 
not fulfil his, for which he gave reasons that are sustained, and the rather be- 
cause Mr. McKennan supplied the congregations in Virginia in his room. 

The committee appointed to examine the school report that they had ful- 
filled the appointed, and were well pleased with the proficiency of the scholars, 
and care of the master. 

The further consideration of the affair of the school is deferred. 

It being reported to the Synod that there is a supplication from Carolina, 
the Synod defer that with the affair of Virginia, till our next sederunt. 

The Presbytery of New Castle applied to the Synod, that whereas jMr. 
Hector Alison had laid certain grievances before them, and sued for a dismis- 
sion from his pastoral charge, and as the affair appeared to be of great im- 
portance, and required a final decision at their next meeting, humbly requests 
that the Synod would join some members out of the other Presbyteries with 
them to judge of that affair; and that said Presbytery, with such members, 
be appointed to act as a comission of the Synod, and in that capacity judge that 
affair. 

The Synod granted said request, and accordingly appoints ^Messrs. Boyd, 
Tate, and Smith, to meet with the I'resbytery of New Castle on the first 
Tuesday of August next, at New London, for that purpose; and further, the 
Synod enjoins it on said Presbytery to give timely notice to Mr. Alison's con- 
gregations of the design of said meeting. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer 

May 24<7i, at three o^ clock, P. M. Ubi post prcces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

The affair of Virginia deferred. The affair of the school came under con- 
eideration, and is continued under Mr. McDowell's care and inspection for an- 
other year, upon the same footing as was agreed last year. 

Ordered, That New Castle Presbytery, as our committee for the school, ex- 
amine the same in the fall and spring, and make report to next Synod. 

The supplications from Virginia and North Carolina were considered, and 
the Synod orders Mr. McMordie to supply the vacancies in those parts for 
ten weeks, or longer if he find it needful, and that he pay a greater regard to 
the larger societies that have supplicated this Synod from time to time, and at 
the same time do what he can to promote the benefit of younger settlements, 
and that he set out the first of July next, and that Mr. Donaldson, in like 
manner, supply the same back parts, and continue there for ten weeks, or as 
much longer as he thinks fit, and that he shall set out the first of October. 
The Synod recommends it to Messrs. McMordie and Donaldson to show a 
special regard to the vacancies of North Carolina, especially betwixt Atkin 
and Catoba rivers, in giving them a considerable part of the time they spend 
in those back parts. 

A member of the congregation of Norrington applied to the Synod suppli- 
cating the ordination of Mr. Kinkead, as fast as the stated rules and methods 
used in our Presbyteries will permit. 

The Synod having, at some considerable length, considered the difficulties 
which the l*resbyteries of New Castle and Philadelphia offered, each for 
themselves, as reasons why they could not attend on the trials and ordination 



1754.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 211 

of Mr. Kinkead, so as to answer the request of the congregations, came to this 
conclusion, that inasmuch as the congregations of the Great Valley and Nor- 
rington properly belonged to the Presbytery of Philadelphia, that said Pres- 
bytery should attend the trials and manage the ordination of Mr. Kinkead, 
and lest a delay might be occasioned by the paucity and distance of the mem- 
bers of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, Mr. Cathcart is ordered to correspond 
with said Presbytery as an assistant. 

Adjourned till to-morrow at ten o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

May Ihth. Uhi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at Mr. Cross's, at four 
o'clock, P. M. 

Mr. Alexander Miller, from the parish of Ardstraw, in Ireland, applied to 
us for liberty to preach the gospel as a minister of this Synod. He acknow- 
ledged he was degraded by the Presbytery of Letterkenuy, and Sub-Synod 
of Londonderry, and the Greneral Synod in Ireland, but complained that they 
treated him hardly and unjustly, and offered the minutes of the Presbytery of 
Letterkenny to our consideration, to justify his conduct. The Synod having 
seriously considered his allegations, think that they have no right to judge of 
the proceedings of the judicatories in Ireland ; that they have not the minutes 
of the Sub-Synod, and General Synod, and for that reason think it would be 
partial and unfair to believe that so many men of candour and integrity would 
treat him in their judicatories severely and unjustly; and as several of our 
members have wrote to their correspondents in that church, they think they 
would act wrong to encourage a man which is cast out of their churches, till 
they hear for what reasons, and we would warn all the societies under our care 
to give him no encouragement as a minister, till his character be cleared, and 
he be acknowledged as a gospel minister by us. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next. Concluded with 
prayer. 

1754. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Philadeljihia, May 22(7, 1754. Vhi post preces sederunt 

From Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Boyd, Elder, Steel, and Thomson. 

From Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Cross, Alison, McHenry, and 
Elmer. 

From New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. McDowell and Alison. 

Elders : Messrs. John Henderson, Robert Chambers, John Alison, John 
Johnston, Robert Meckey, and James Vance. 

Absent from Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Zanchy, Thomson, Black, and 
Craig. From New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Gillespie and Hamilton. 
From Philadelphia : Messrs. Cowell and Guild. 

Since our last Messrs. Robert Cathcart and Timothy Griffith were removed 
by death. 

Since our last Mr. Robert McMordie was ordained in the bounds of Done- 
gall Presbytery, and Mr. John Kinkead in Philadelphia Presbytery. 

Mr. Hector Alison, our last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a ser- 
mon from 1 Cor. iv. 2. 

Mr. Francis McHenry chosen moderator, Mr. Smith clerk. 

Messrs. Elmer's and McHenry's absence from our last excused for reasons 
given. Mr. Gillespie gave his reasons for his absence. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 



212 MINUTES OF THE [1754. 

May 23(7, the Synod met accordinq to adjournment. Uhl post preces 
sederunt qui su])ra. 

Mr. Thomson's last year's absence excused for reasons given. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Steel, Elder, McDowell, Tate, Smith, 
and the moderator, be the commission of the Synod for the ensuing year, and 
the committee for the fund, and four, with the moderator, be a quorum ; and 
that John Johnston, John Alison, Robert Meckey, be elders, joined in the 
affair of the fund. 

In(|uiry being made whether or no the several Presbyteries had brought in 
their books, it was found that the books of New Castle and Douegall were not 
brought ; ordered, That they bring them against our next. 

Inquiry being made Avho had brought money for the fund, it was found that 
the following brethren brought, viz : Mr. Boyd two pounds ten shillings, Mr. 
Smith one pound ten shillings, Mr. Thomson ten pounds, Messrs. Cross, 
McIIenry, and Alison, six pounds. 

Ordered, That every Presbytery enjoin their absent members to send their 
collections for the fund to the Presbytery, to be remitted to the Synod yearly, 
or their trustee. 

The commission of the Synod appointed to act in the affair of Mr. Hector 
Alison's removal, met according to appointment and determined it. 

The affair of the school deferred. The affair of the back country came 
under consideration. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Tate and Kinkead supply those vacancies any time 
not exceeding three months. 

The meeting of the committee for the fund, deferred. 

Ordered, That every Presbytery appoint one of their number to preach on 
Friday evening, when the Synod is met. 

A proposal was made by Mr. Alison, for laying some plan for a fund for 
the support of ministers' widows, which was referred till further consideration. 
Mr. Steel's affair deferred. 

A reference from Philadelphia Presbytery relating to IMr. Elmer, deferred. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. Uhi j^ost jveces sederunt qui 
supra. 

The affair of the school referred. Mr. McDowell, under Avhose care and 
inspection the school has been for these two last years, has declined to have 
the whole burden. Therefore, Mr. Wilson is appointed to teach the languages, 
Mr. McDowell undertaking, from a sense of the public good, to continue to 
teach logic, mathematics, natural and moral })hilosophy, &c; and it is agreed, 
that Mr. Wilson have the same encouragement which Mr. McDowell had ; and 
it is further agreed, that the Presbytery have a special regard to 3Ir. Wilson in 
their appointments, in not sending him to those vacancies which are too far 
distant for his attendance in the beginning of the week. 

Ordered, That New Castle Presbytery and Messrs. Boyd and Smith, be the 
committee to visit the school twice in the year, viz : the first Tuesdays of 
October and April. 

The meeting of the committee of the fund deferred. The proposal for laying 
tlic plan for a fund to support ministers' widows, deferred. The reference from 
Philadelphia relating to Mr. Elmer, reassumed. 

Ordered, That IMessrs. .Akllenry, Cowell, and Kinkead, go to Mr. Elmer's 
congregation and endeavour to remove the difficulties he complains of before 
our next meeting, and that 3Ir. Cross write to Mr. Cowell to attend on the day 
which may be agreed on. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, A. 31. Concluded with prayer. 



1754.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 213 

May 24. The Synod met according to adjournment. Uhi jpost preces 
sederunt qui supra. 

Upon an application from the Presbytery of New Castle for assistance, it is 
ordered, that Messrs. Boyd and Smith sit with them till our next meeting, and 
be excused from attending Donegall forther than they think convenient, and 
that Mr. Kinkead correspond with them in August. 

The meeting of the committee for the fund deferred. 

A plan for the support of ministers' widows was offered to the Synod and 
considered. 

Ordered, That a fair copy be drawn against our next sederunt and inserted. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Boyd, and Alison, wait upon Mr. Allen at such 
a time as shall be found convenient. 

A letter from the Synod of New York was brought in and read. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Alison, Steel, and Elder, be a committee to form 
proposals to the Synod for the supporting ministers' widows, against four 
o'clock. 

Adjourned till four o'clock. Concluded with prayer 

The Synod met according to adjournment. Uhi post preces sederunt qui 
supra. 

Upon a supplication of the congregation of Middleton to the Synod, Mr. 
Kinkead is appointed to supply said congregation, the last Sabbaths of June 
and July. 

The meeting of the eommittee of the fund deferred. 

The plan of the fund for supporting ministers' widows, was brought in, 
read, approved, and signed, by all the ministers then present. 

The committee, according to appointment, brought an answer to the letter to 
the Synod of New York, which was read and approved. 

Ordered, That it be fairly transcribed against our next sederunt. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

31ay 25. The Synod met according to adjournment. Uhi post preces 
sederunt qui supra. 

The meeting of the committee of the fund deferred. 

The Synodical company agree, in order to complete their plan and carry it 
into full execution, that each Presbytery shall choose a member to represent 
them, and send by him their several quotas to the fund the second Wednesday 
of October next, and these representatives then met, shall put the stock into 
the hands of appointed trustees, and see the proper regulations of it, a copy 
whereof shall be returned to each Presbytery, and as many more members may 
come to assist in the affair as can conveniently. 

On reading the minute concerning the proposals to be sent to the brethren 
of the Synod of New York, it is agreed on farther consideration, to defer send- 
ing proposals until conference be first had with some members of New York 
Synod, commissioned for that purpose, which we judge a better expedient than 
the present method of treating of an union ; inasmuch as a very pacific temper 
seems to prevail in the members of both Synods, and a letter be wrote impart- 
ing our desire of said conference against our next. 

The members appointed waited on Mr. Allen, who informed them, in pur- 
suance of Mr. Humphry Murray's last will, he will allow sixty pounds for the 
benefit of ministers' widows. 

Ordered, That Messrs. McDowell and Smith represent briefly some of the 



214 MINUTES OF THE [1755. 

most dangerous opinions and practices of the scccders, and get them printed, 
and that the books be divided among the ministers, who are to sell thoni where 
these gentlemen are doing most damage. Memorandum, that no one piece 
exceed a sheet. 

At the request of Mr. Cross, it is ordered, that Mr. Alison or Mr. Cross 
shall have allowance to write to any minister to come and preach two Sabbaths 
at any time during Mr. Cross's illness. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at Mr. Cross's, at four 
o'clock, this afternoon. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next. Concluded with prayer. 

1755. 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Philadelphia, May 2Sth, 1755. U bi jiost preccs sederunt 

From Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Cross, Alison, McHenry, Cowell, 
Guild, and Kinkead. 

From New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. McDowell and Alison. 

From Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Boyd, Zanchy, Steel, Tate, Smith, and 
McMordie, 

Elders : iNFessrs. John Johnston, AVilliam Donaldson, Thomas Hope, James 
Anderson, Thomas Scot, and Joseph Armstrong. 

Absent of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Gillespie and Hamilton. Of 
Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Elder, Thomson, Black, and Craig. 

Mr. Tate chosen moderator, INIr. Donaldson clerk. 

Mr. McHenry, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon 
from Heb. x. 24. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock to-morrow, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

3[ay 29/7t. The Synod met accordimj to adjournment. Ubi post preces 
sederunt qui supra. 

Messrs. Zanchy, Tate, and Guild, gave reasons for their absence from last 
year's Synod, which were sustained. 

Since our last Mr. Elmer is removed by death. 

Mr. Gillespie's absence excused because of his indisposition. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Steel, Cowell, Smith, McHenry, Francis 
Alison, and the moderator, be the commission of the Synod for the ensuing 
year. The affair of the fund deferred. 

None of the Presbyteries produced their books, the omission is greatly 
blamed, and it is recommended to them to be more careful for the time to 
come. 

Inquiry being made who had brought money for the fund, it is found 
that none advanced any, save INIessrs. Cross, Boyd, Zanchy, Steel, and Mc- 
Henry. The affair of the school deferred. 

Messrs. Tate and Kinkead fullilled their appointments in Yirginia. The 
mission to Virginia and ('arolina deferred. 

Ordered, That every Presbytery appoint one of their number to preach on 
Friday evening, at the future meetings of the Synod, if required. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Boyd and Smith continue to sit with Noav Castle 
Presbytery till our next. 

The i)lan of a fund for ministers' widows deferred. 

A letter was sent to the Synod of New York, as ordered at our last, de- 
eiring that some of their members might be appointed as commissioners to 



1755.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 215 

treat of an union; and we now understand that there are commissioners 
waiting on this Synod for a conference. After the affair was considered in 
Synod, in order to furnish such as should be appointed to meet these brethren, 
with some instructions, the Synod appoint Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Francis Alison, 
Steel, McHenry, Cowell, and McDowell, to meet with them at three o'clock 
this afternoon, and that notice hereof be given to them. 
Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 30/^, nine o'clock, A. 31. U hi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The conference appointed with New York brethren, was continued so long 
yesterday afternoon, that the Synod did not meet till this morning. 

Ordered, That the affliir of the widows' fund and of the Synod's fund be 
continued. 

Ordered, That every minister, according to our former agreement, propose 
the collection for the fund to his congregation, and as it is a Synodical appoint- 
ment, it is inconsistent with our church government to be under the chock or 
prohibition of a church session ; they indeed may give or withhold their cha- 
rity, but may not prevent a minister to propose it publicly, according to our 
appointment. Ordered likewise. That every Presbytery take care of the con- 
duct of their members, how they observe this agreement previous to their 
coming to the Synod, and that they gather the collection from absent members. 

The Synod having taken into consideration the Virginia and Carolina sup- 
plications, order. That Mr. Donaldson supply the back inhabitants of Virginia 
and North Carolina, at least three months next fall ; and that he in particular 
pay a regard to the supplications that were laid before this Synod by some of 
these back inhabitants. That Mr. Wilson supply them in like manner, for 
three months next winter ; and Mr. McKeunan for three months next spring. 

A plan of a fund for ministers' widows was proposed and considered. Or- 
dered, That it lie under consideration, and that the amendments be made which 
were now proposed on reading the overture. 

Ordered, That a fast be appointed by the Synod through our bounds before 
we part. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. 

The Si/nod met according to adjournment Ubi post preces sederunt qui 
supra. 

The affair of the widows' fund reassumed. A plan for the same read and 
approved as it here follows : 

In order to increase a certain fund now in our hands, and have the same 
duly applied to support our widows and children after our decease, we, sub- 
scribing members of the Synod of Philadelphia, do promise and agree to and 
with each other in manner following, that is to say : 

I. Each of us shall annually pay into the common stock the sum of two 
pounds, or of three pounds, of lawful money, as every one chooses, the first' 
payment to be made immediately upon concluding this agreement, and one on 
the fourth Wednesday of May every year thereafter as long as we live. 

II. Every minister hereafter becoming a member of the Synod of Phila- 
delphia,_ shall have a right to come into this agreement, to choose which of 
these different payments he will subject himself unto, and so have the pri- 
vileges of a member of this fund company. And so may every candidate for 
the ministry under their care. 

in. Any minister belonging to said Synod, who has now an opportunity 
to join in this agreement, but declines the same, may at any time hereafter 
join and be received, provided he pay as much into the stock as shall make 



216 MINUTES OF THE [1755. 

up the several payments, and the interest of them that he would have made, 
had he joiued now. Also, any member first choosing the lower payment, but 
hereafter choosing the higher, shall be allowed to change, upon his paying the 
difference of the two rates, with the interest thereof from his first joining the 
company. 

IV. Out of this fund shall be annually paid on the fourth ^Yednesday of 
May, the sum of five pounds, or of seven pounds ten shillings, to the widow 
of every deceased member, who had been subject to the annual payment of 
two pounds, or of three pounds respectively, during her life. But if any such 
widow marry again, she shall thenceforth have but one third part of the an- 
nuity she was otherwise entitled unto, through the residue of her life, and the 
other two thirds shall pass to the child or children of the deceased member, if 
there be any, for the term of twelve years after the father's decease, and be 
divided annually among them as the company judge fit. And at the comple- 
tion of twelve years, reckoned from the father's death, their annuity shall 
cease. If there be no widow, or if she die before twelve years after the hus- 
band's decease, then the whole annuity she was entitled unto, shall pass to 
the child or children, until said twelve years are completed. If there be no 
child, and the widow marry, she shall have only one half of the annuity 
through the rest of her life. If any member die before five yearly payments 
are made, the widow shall be entitled to her proper annuity, only deducting 
the payments her husband was to have made yearly out of the same, until five 
annual payments are completed, from the time of her husband's joining the 
company. Likewise, if any member of the company should be rendered 
incapable of all business, whereby he might be supported, by disorders, he 
shall be entitled to like annuities during such indisposition. 

A minister's removing to any other part^of the world, or his being suspended, 
or deposed, or resigning charge or ofiice, shall not deprive his widow or chil- 
dren of their proper annuity, provided he still continue to make his yearly 
payments in his life time. 

If any member fail of making his yearly payments at the times fixed above, 
he shall thereafter pay the same with the interest thereof, from that time, 
and if any fail for three years together, he shall thereby forfeit his interest in 
the fund. And if, at any member's decease, he stands indebted to the fund, 
the sum he owes shall be deducted out of his relict's annuity. 

No annuity shall be reckoned due or paid, until the fourth Wednesday of 
May, that comes next after the member's being a full year deceased. Every 
person applying for annuities, shall produce to the treasurer a certificate from 
the clerk of the Presbytery in whose bounds the person lives, that the person 
is such as is entitled to a certain annuity, who may thereupon be paid such 
annuity as is due, according to the case of the person. 

V. No higher annuity shall be allowed until the yearly contributions, to- 
gether with the interest of the stock, have, besides paying these said annui- 
ties, raised a capital of eight hundred pounds for twenty members, and so in 
proportion greater as there shall happen to be more than twenty members in 
the company. 

VI. When such a capital is once raised, then whatever the yearly contri- 
butions and produce of that capital shall be more than pays the said annuities, 
and costs of management, the same shall be divided among, and paid unto the 
widows and children aforesaid, in proportion to their rates respectively- So 
as that the capital be not lessened, and reserving a right to the company to 
apply the yearly payments to raise an higher capital, if more than twenty 
members be joined, that so the aforesaid proportion between the capital and 
number of members may be preserved. 

VII. We at present appoint and impower the Honourable William Allen, 



1755.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 217 

Esqr., Mr. William Humphreys, Mr. Alexander Houston, Mr. John Wallis, 
Mr. John Bleakly, senior, and Mr. William Mcllvaine, gentlemen, and 
Messrs. Robert Cross, and Francis Alison, ministers, to be our trustees, and 
take our fund into their hands, to lend, recall, and remit, to receive the yearly 
payments of the members, and all donations made to the company, and pay 
yearly the annuities as above determined, with other incidental costs, and to 
manage the whole affairs of our fund according to this agreement. Which 
trustees shall make a declaration of trust to the company, and renew the same 
yearly, if required, and give a full account of the management and state of the 
fund on the fourth Wednesday of every iMay, and whensoever, besides this, 
if any special cause shall move the company to desire it. And when there is 
occasion to appoint new trustees, by the death or relinquishment of any of 
these mentioned, or otherwise, when the company think it necessary to 
change any appointed, which they shall always have power to do when they 
find cause. In such cases new trustees shall be nominated and appointed by 
the common vote of the company. And it is agreed, that three gentlemen, 
with one or both of the ministers nominated, be a quorum, and have full power 
to act, when no more can meet. 

VIII. We still reserve a power to ourselves to make such further regula- 
tions and alterations as future experience shall discover to be necessary here- 
after, by the vote of the company at our yearly meetings, which shall be on 
the fourth Wednesday of May, only no article here shall be altered, or new 
regulation made, without two-thirds of the number joined in company agree- 
ing and voting for the same. Nor no new regulations shall be made but such 
as are adjudged necessary to advance, and not destroy the design of this agree- 
ment, and consistent therewith, that particularly the proportion between the 
capital and number of members, and the yearly annuities arising by the pre- 
sent plan, shall not be lessened. 

Subscribed this 30th day of May, 1755, by 





£ 


s. 


d. 




£ 


s. 


d. 


Francis Alison, 


3 








Sampson Smith, 


3 








Adam Boyd, 


2 








Richard Zanchy, 


3 








Francis McHenry, 


2 








Robert McMordie, 


2 








Alexander McDowell, 


3 








Joseph Tate, 


3 








John Steel, 


3 








Hector Alison, 


3 








John Kinkead, 


2 








Matthew Wilson, 


3 








William McKennan, 


2 








William Donaldson, 


3 








John Elder, 








George Gillespie. 









In consideration that the widows of such members as now join in company 
to raise a fund for themselves, will never come upon the Synod's cai-e, the 
Synod agreed to allow one hundred and fifteen pounds to the company, re- 
serving all the remaining, which is the chief part of their fund, with the yearly 
collections of congregations, to be disposed of by the Synod as usual, and 
that the widows that now belong to the Synod receive a yearly relief from the 
Synod's fund as usual ; and at the death of any of them, the Synod shall at 
their discretion add to our widows' fund as they think proper. 

Ordered, That the clerk of the Synod send a copy of the plan for the 
widows' fund to each of our Presbyteries. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Francis Alison and McHenry wait on Mr. Allen, 
and lay our plan for the widows' fund before him, and that they endeavour to 
persuade him to be a trustee ; and to demand the money in his hands as he 
ordered some of our number to do when they thought fit. ' 

Adjourned till three o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 
28 



218 MINUTES OF THE [1755. 

May 31s<. Ubl post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

The Synod having taken into consideration the prevailing iniquity which 
abounds in our land, and the many tokens of Divine displeasure we are un- 
der, being threatened with a dangerous war, left to manifold divisions and 
confusions, both in church and state, and the rain of heaven restrained to the 
great damage of the fruits of the earth, do therefore agree, that the twelfth 
day of June be observed as a day of fasting and humiliation through all our 
bounds, to bewail our sins and the sins of our lands, to deprecate the Divine 
displeasure we deserve, and implore God to remove these tokens of his anger, 
and save us from the strokes we now feel, fear, and deserve. 

It appears by the report of the committee appointed to converse with the 
brethren from the Synod of New York, that in order to accomplish an union, 
they proposed that as to all past complaints and ditferences, we should mu- 
tually forgive and forget, and wholly bury all these things in perpetual obli- 
vion, and endeavour in the strength of God to treat each other hereafter as 
though these things had never been. And as the Synods are two distinct 
judicatures now, and in present circumstances are not accountable to each other, 
they should unite as two contiguous bodies of Christians agreed in principles 
as though they never had been concerned with one another before, nor had 
any difi'erences, which is the truth as to a great part of both Synods ; and 
should now join the Synods and Presbyteries upon such Scriptural and rational 
terms as may secure peace and good order, tend to heal our broken churches, 
and advance religion hereafter ; and it appears that these brethren cannot be 
satisfied with this dropping all former differences in such a general and indis- 
tinct way, and particularly would have the protestation made in 1741 with- 
drawn, or declared null and void before union. 

The Synod have considered these things, and are still willing to adhere to 
the above proposals, in order to obtain peace and union, which they apprehend 
of the last importance in the Church of Christ, and see not what they can 
further propose. 

We are commanded to forgive injuries and offences, and this is absolutely 
necessary in this imperfect state, to preserve peace among Christians ; and if it 
were asked by any, how we can now join, who lately had such differences, we 
think every well disposed Christian would be satisfied with being told, that we 
mutually forgive according to Christ's command, and agree to maintain good 
conduct, through grace, for the time to come. 

As to what has been insisted on concerning the protestation, the Synod have 
repeatedly said, that when an union is made, they will carry toward these 
brethren as though neither this, nor any of the other protestations standing 
now in our records, or any other ground of difference on either side had ever 
been; and we see not at present what further we can propose on this particular. 
For, any member or members being aggrieved, and obtaining no satisfying 
redress, even in the highest judicature, have a right to protest and require 
the same to be recorded, and as the judicature may not refuse members this 
privilege, so neither can they disannul or withdraw such protestations, the 
protesters themselves only can do this. And as some members of New York 
Synod insist on satisfaction with respect to the protestation, and are unwilling 
to forgive and bury all grounds of difterence, we assure them, we think our- 
selves greatly injured and offended in many instances, and yet for the sake of 
peace, and the good of the Church, we have made them these healing propo- 
sals, which we recommend to the further consideration of our brethren of New 
York. "We desire also, that the Synod of York would consider that they 
thought it for edification and the good of the Church to erect a Synod at New 
York, and declared that they did not set up in opposition to the Synod of 



1755.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 219 

Philadelphia, but as a sister Church. We now think it unbrotherly in them 
to hold a Synod in Philadelphia, and that it looks like erecting altar against 
altar, and we hope afterwards to have no ground of complaint for such con- 
duct. And order that a copy of this minute be sent to New York Synod. 

The affair of the school taken into consideration and continued. 

Adjourned till ten o'clock on Monday, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

June the 2d. Ubi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Mr. Alexander Millar, from Ireland, appeared before this Synod, and begged 
that we would endeavour to procure a reconciliation between the Synod of 
Dunganon, or the Presbytery of Letterkenny and him ; and he delivered a 
penitential acknowledgment to transmit to those gentlemen. 

Ordered, That Mr. Alexander McDowell write to Messrs. William Boyd, 
John Marshall, or John Holmes, and inclose his acknowledgment. 

A letter was laid before this Synod from the Rev. Mr. William McBath, in 
Dublin, acquainting us that Dr. Leland, Dr. Duchal, Mr. Mears, and Mr. 
Weld, with other gentlemen, had sent a collection of books for the benefit of 
public schools, the use of students, and the encouragement of learning in this 
infant church, to be disposed of by the Synod in the best manner to answer 
these good ends. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross and Alison write them a letter of thanks. 

Adjourned till 3 o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

P. 31. Ubi post preces sederunt qui si(p>ra. 

Ordered, That application be made to the trustees of the German schools 
to procure a sum of money to encourage our school, engaging to teach some 
Dutch children the English tongue, and three or four boys Latin and Greek, 
if they offer themselves j and that Mr. Sampson Smith open the school at 
Chesnut Level so soon as this favour [is obtained] ; and that 3Iessrs. Cross and 
Alison draw up and present an address to the trustees of the German schools. 
If the sum obtained be less than twenty pounds currency, and not less than 
fifteen pounds, the Synod shall allow to the school five pounds. 

'Tis agreed that the books sent from Dublin be the foundation of a public 
library, under the care of the Synod. That books proper for our school in 
the country be lent to the master, and that he give his obligation to return the 
same indemnified, when demanded ; or if any be lost or damnified, that he 
repair the damages. And further, that any minister belonging to this Synod 
may borrow any of the said books, and that they be allowed to keep a folio 
for one year, a quarto half a year, and an octavo, or a lesser volume, for three 
months ; that they give their obligation for the full price of the volume, to 
return it safe, or to pay damages. And if any book be detained bej'ond the 
time appointed, every minister so failing shall pay one shilling per month for 
a folio, eight pence per month for a quarto, and four pence per month for oc- 
tavos and lesser volumes. 'Tis agreed likewise, to lend none of them beyond 
Potomac River; and that the books be committed to the trustees of the fund 
for ministers' widows, who shall choose a librarian, to take care of the library 
for these ends, and for the benefit of students of Divinity in the College of 
Philadelphia. 

Appointed that Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Alison, McHenry, McDowell^ Tate, 
Smith, and McMordie, be the committee for the fund. 

Adjourned till the fourth Wednesday of May next. Concluded with prayer. 



220 MINUTES OF THE [1756. 

1756. 

The Synod met according to adjournment, 

Philaddphia, May the 2.(Sth, 1756. Uhi post j^reces sederunt 

From the Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Cross, Alison, Cowell, Guild, 
and Mc Henry. 

From Donegall : Mr. Tate. 

From New Castle : Messrs. Boyd, Alison, McDowell, McKennan, Wilson, 
and Smith. 

Elders : Messrs. John Cross, Francis Alexander, Alexander Bryans, John 
Crossan, John Snodgrass, Andrew Boggs. 

Mr. Guild chosen moderator, and Mr. Smith clerk. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

May 27th, at nine o'clocJc, A. M. The Synod met according to adjournment. 
V hi post preces sederunt qui siq)ra. 

Absent from Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Zanchy, Elder, Steel, Thomson, 
Black, Craig, and McMordic. From New Castle : Mr. Gillespie. 

Mr. Tato, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod with a sermon from 
2 Cor. V. 20. 

Since our last the Rev. Mr. John Hamilton was removed by death. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Francis Alison, Steel, Cowell, 
McIIenry, Tate, Smith, and the moderator, be the commission of the Synod, 
and committee for the fund for the ensuing year The affair of the fund 
deferred. 

None of the Presbyteries produced their books, the omission is greatly 
blamed, and it is recommended to them to be more careful for the future. 

Inquiry being made who had brought any thing for the fund, it was found 
that Messrs. Cross, Cowell, Guild, McHenry, Boyd, Tate, McKennan, Wil- 
son, Alison, and Smith, brought some. The affair of the school deferred. 

Ordered, That every Presbytery appoint one of their number to preach on 
Friday evenings at the future meetings of the Synod, if required. 

The affair of the widows' and Synod's funds deferred. 

The supplications from Virginia and North Carolina, being taken under 
consideration, ordered, That Mr. John Aliscm supply those vacancies next fall 
and winter. And the Synod recommend it to him, and all such as may be 
sent by us to supply these distant parts, to study in all their public adminis- 
trations and private couvcrsations, to promote peace and unity among the socie- 
ties, and to avoid whatever may tend to foment divisions and party spirit ; 
and to treat every minister of the gospel from the Synod of New York, of the 
like principles and peaceful temper, in a brotherly manner; as we desire to 
promote true religinn and not party designs. And the Synod resolve to send a 
copy of these instructions to our brethren of the Synod of New York, hoping 
they will recommend the like conduct to any they send thither. 

Ordered, That each of our suppliers sent to these distant parts carry a copy 
of these minutes with them. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. M. The Synod met according to adjournment. Uhi 

jxjst jyreces sederunt qui siqva. 
The affair of the school deferred. 

A copy of the minute from the Synod of New York, was brought in and 
read, as follows : 



1756.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 221 

A copy of a minute of the Synod of New York, at their session in Phila- 
delphia, October 1st, 1755. Ordered to be sent to the Synod of Philadelphia, 
which is as follows : 

A copy of a minute of Philadelphia Synod, at their convention in May last, 
relating to the proposals of union between the two Synods, was brought in and 
read. In which they propose, that in order to an union, '<all complaints and 
differences should be mutually forgiven and buried in perpetual oblivion ; that 
the Synods should unite as two contiguous bodies of Christians agreed in 
principle, as though they had never been concerned with one another before, 
nor had any differences; and now join the Synods and Presbyteries upon 
such scriptural and rational terms as may secure peace and good order, tend to 
heal our broken churches, and advance religion hereafter." 

On this we beg leave to observe, that it was agreed unanimously, by the 
commission of both Synods at Trenton, that both sides should be particular in 
proposing, whatever they thought necessary in order to union; "and as some 
things which we judged Scriptural and rational terms," our circumstances con- 
sidered, have not been consented to by the Synod of Philadelphia; we would 
have been glad had they descended to these particulars, that we might have 
been now able to judge whether there are grounds to expect satisfaction concern- 
ing them. Particularly our proposals concerning the continuance of Presby- 
teries and congregations as they now stand, and the terms of ministerial com- 
munion mentioned in the year 1749, at Maidenhead, second and third articles, 
and article second at Newark, 1750, and first article anno 1751, which last wo 
esteem to be always rational and Scriptural terms. 

We readily agree, that " it is the command of Christ, and a necessary duty 
to forgive offences in the present imperfect state, and that peace among Chris- 
tians cannot otherwise be preserved." And we can assure our brethren of 
Philadelphia Synod, that our insisting on certain preliminaries, did not pro- 
ceed, so far as we know ourselves, from humour or resentment, but from our 
apprehending them necessary to preserve and promote the public interests of 
religion amongst us. And though some of our members desire leave to declare, 
that_ " they think themselves greatly injured and offended in many instances," 
particularly in being charged in the protest, as the reasons for entering it, with 
several grievous crimes which they constantly declare were not fact ; yet for 
the sake of peace, and the good of this church, they profess themselves willing 
to forgive such offences, so far as they are personal. 

^ We also agree, that '' any member or members being aggrieved, and obtain- 
ing no satisfying redress, even in the highest judicature, have a right to pro- 
test, and require the same to be recorded. And as judicatures may not refuse 
members ^^this privilege, so neither can they disannul or withdraw such pro- 
testation." "The protesters themselves only can do this." And we must 
own that our insisting on the Synod's disannulling the protestation made in 
f 11'-^] 1 I,- °^ propriety in it, but from our apprehension that the Synod 
of Philadelphia, as a Synod, had approved and adopted said protestation. And 
consequently, if our brethren shall declare, that in their Synodical capacity, 
they do not adopt it, this will remove the ground of our insisting any further 
on this point with the Synod. 

Further, we assure our brethren, that in meeting at Philadelphia, we neither 
did nor do design any opposition to their Synod. The only reason is, the 
case of many members, who are far distant to the southward and westward of 
Philadelphia, and on that account cannot without insuperable difficulty duly 
attend Synodical conventions ; which, we hope, will be a satisfying reason for 
our conduct in this particular. 

^ We apprehend with our brethren, that peace and union is of the utmost 
importance in the church of Christ, and are heartily willing to come into a 



222 MINUTES OF THE [1756. 

coalition upou such Scriptural and rational terms, as may secure peace and good 
order, heal our broken churches, aud advance religion hereafter. Nor do we 
insist on particulars with any other view, than that the proposed union might 
eflFeetually answer such valuable and important ends. 

Finally, as the protestation made in 1741, appears to be a principal obstruc- 
tion to the union of both Synods, which nothing hitherto offered has been able 
to remove, and as a great part of the present members of both Synods are 
such as were not directly active, nor immediately concerned in that protesta- 
tion ; and as the present minute of the Synod of Philadelphia seems to dis- 
tinguish between the protesters and the Syncxl, and so gives us ground to expect 
that they will satisfy us by declaring that they do not Synodically adopt said 
protestation; upon their doing of which, we propose the following expedient 
for the entire removal of the aforesaid obstacles, to wit : That both Synods 
unite upon the terms mentioned by this Synod in their particular proposals 
made in the years referred to above, that one article respecting the protestation 
excepted. That the Synod thus composed of both bodies, shall, immediately 
after being constituted, proceed to hear and determine the differences between 
the protesters and those protested against, if needful. 

A true copy of the Synod's minute, 

Per KiciiARD Treat, Synod clerk. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Alison, McDowell, McHenry, Cowell, and the 
moderator, be a committee to prepare an answer to the minute received from 
the Synod of New York, against to-morrow. 

The affair of the widows' fund was taken into consideration. 

Messrs. Cross and Alison inform us that the Honourable "William Allen, 
Esq'r. and the other gentlemen, were pleased to take into their hands the 
management of the widows' fund in the beginning of last January ; and that 
by a correspondence with the Rev. Messrs. AVallace and Webster, in Edin- 
burgh, they find it necessary to make an alteration in their plan, which was 
unanimously approved as follows : 

If any member die before five yearly payments are made by him to the 
common stock, the widow shall be entitled to her annuity, only the half of it 
shall be deducted, 'till what her husband hath paid into the common stock, 
together with said deductions, be equal to five years' payments or incomes of 
her full annuity; and afterwards she shall have her full annuity, as before 
appointed. 

Ordered, That Mr. Alison, who was chosen clerk and trustee for the fund, 
insert the plan with said alteration. 

Agreed also. That application be made to his honour the governor, by 
Messrs. Cross, Alison, Boyd, Cowell, and McIIenry, to obtain a charter for 
the above mentioned fund. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At nine o'docJc, A. M. The Synod met according to adjournment. Vhi 
2)ost preccs sederunt qui supra. 

The committee appointed to prepare an answer to the minute received from 
the Synod of New York brought in one, which was read and unanimously 
approved, as follows : 

We arc heartily willing and desirous, that the Synods of New York and 
Philadelphia be united ; and that all the Presbyteries belonging to both be 
united as the members lie contiguous to one another; and that our union be 
not only in name, but in reality, and in love, and sincere affection. This we 
think will greatly advance the kingdom of Christ and vital holiness among us, 



1756.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 223 

and will, in many respects, be our common honour and our common interest. 
We are willing to bury in perpetual oblivion, all our past differences and 
names of distinction, and to forgive all the injuries we have received, or ima. 
gine that we have received in times past. And we have the testimony of our 
consciences, that we study the things that make for peace, (as your Synod 
have recommended,) and we hope the Synod of New York, and that the world 
will testify the same for us. 

We desire to unite on the same terms, on which the members of both Sy- 
nods were united when one body. And we are glad to join with the Synod 
of New York in an expedient to cut off all debates about the protestation 
made in 1741. We allow the protesters the right of private judgment, and 
you will allow that we "neither can disannul nor withdraw their protestation-" 
but in a Synodical capacity, at your desire, we declare and do assure you 
that we neither adopted nor do adopt said protestation as a term of ministerial 
communion ; it was never mentioned to any of our members as a term of com- 
munion more than any of the other protestations delivered into our Synod on 
occasion of those differences. We only adopt and desire to adhere to our 
Standards, as we agreed when formerly united in one body, we adopt no 
other. 

We refer these proposals to the serious consideration of the Synod of New 
York; we are in earnest for peace and union, and we hope they are so too. 
As it may be necessary that a committee of both Synods meet to adjust mat- 
ters previous to an union, we appoint the commission of our Synod, on timely 
notice given, to meet with such members as they may appoint for this purpose, 
at Philadelphia or any other convenient place. 

A supplication from the congregations of Cook's Creek and Pecked Moun- 
tain, requesting us to receive Mr. Alexander Millar as a full member, and to 
appoint his instalment as their regular pastor, was brought in and read. 

The Synod, after considering their request, find it necessary to wait till 
they receive an answer from the Synod in Ireland, if they think fit to send 
one this season ; but resolve, that as he has offered satisfaction to that Synod, 
by our mediation, and has behaved so as to be well respected as a minister 
among us, if either the Synod of Ireland send us no answer, or inform us that 
they have accepted his submission, we do order Messrs. Black and Craig to 
receive him as a member, and instal him, provided they find his conduct in 
that part of Christ's vineyard such as becomes a gospel minister. And it is 
ordered, that letters be written by Mr. Boyd to those brethren to this purpose, 
by Mr. John Alison, or some other proper hand, in the fall when the ships are 
arrived from Ireland. 

Ordered, That a copy of this minute be given to the commissioner of the 
above mentioned congregations. 
The affair of the school referred. 
Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'clock, P. M. Uhi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the school came under consideration, and allowed that Mr 
Smith be paid out of the Synod's fund for the year past, if the trustees of the 
German schools be unwilling to pay him, and that for his encouragement for 
the ensuing year, he be allowed ten or twelve pounds, provided the trustees of 
the German schools refuse to continue their encouragement, as we expect. 

Appointed, That the committee for the fund meet at ten o'clock to-morrow 



morn in or. 



Adjourned to the fourth Wednesday of May next. Concluded with prayer. 



224 MINUTES OF THE [1757. 

1757. 

Philadelphia, May the Ibth, 1757. 
The Synod met at Philadelphia, according to adjournment. Uhi post 
prcces sederunt. 

Of Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Thomson, Tate, Steel, and McMordie. 
Of Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Cross, Alison, and Kinkead. 
Of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Boyd, McDowell, Smith, McKcnuaa, 
Millar, and Wilson. 

Elders : Andrew Thomson, Patrick Campbell, Robert McPherson, John 
Cross, Daniel Henderson, James Pagan, llobert McKnight, John Mustard, 
Matthew Wallace. 

Absent of Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Elder, Zanchy, Black, Craig. 
'' of Philadelphia : Messrs. Cowell and Guild. 
" of New Castle : Messrs. Alison and Gillespie. 
The last year's moderator being absent, the Synod was opened by Mr. 
Smith, with a sermon on Phil. iii. 8. 

Mr. Boyd was chosen moderator, and Mr. Smith clerk. 

The Presbytery of Philadelphia inform us, that the Rev. Mr. McHenry is 
dead since our last meeting. 

The Presbytery of New Castle inform us, that the Rev. Mr. John Millar has 
been admitted a member by them since our last. 

The reasons of Messrs. Thomson and McMordie for their absence were 
sustained. 

Ordere<l, That Messrs. Cross, Francis Alison, Steel, Cowell, McDowell, 
Tate, McKennan, Smith, and the moderator, be the commission of the Synod, 
and committee for the fund the ensuing year, and that any three, with the 
moderator, be a quorum. The aifair of the fund deferred. 

Ordered, That the Presbyteries be more punctual in bringing their books for 
the future. 

Inquiry being made wdio brought any thing for the fund, it was found that 
Messrs. Tate, Boyd, Smith, Cross, INIcKennan, Wilson, brought some. The 
afiair of the school deferred. The affair of the Synod's and widows' fund de- 
ferred. The consideration of the supplications from Virginia and North Caro- 
lina deferred. 

According to the Synod's appointment, Messrs. Cross and Alison have ap- 
plied to the Honourable Proprietors at home, for a charter in behalf of the 
widows' fund, by a petition, which is as follows : 

To the Honourable Thomas Penn, and Richard Penn, true and absolute 
proprietors of the province of Pennsylvania, and the counties of New Castle, 
Kent, and Sussex, upon Delaware. 

The petition of the Presbyterian Synod of Philadelphia, humbly sheweth : 
That your petitioners have, many of them, lived long in this province with 
great satisfaction, and have, all, endeavoured to promote religion, virtue, and 
industry, amongst the peojile under our care, and to impress deep on their 
minds a lasting sense of their blessings under the best of kings, and in a pro- 
vince distinguished for civil and religious liberty. 

As our lot is cast among people who are generally in low circumstances, 
and many of them forming new settlements in the frontier counties, and, as 
we have no other support but a small and very uncertain income from the 
good will of our people, joined with our own labour, we have always found it 
difficult to make any tolerable provision for our families; and have often, with 
sorrow and regret, seen the widows and children of groat and good men, who 
wci-e once of our number, very much pinched and distressed by want and 
poverty, without being able to afford them suitable relief. 



1757.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 225 

To remedy these evils, as far as we can in our circumstances, your honours' 
petitioners, in imitation of the laudable example of the Church of Scotland, 
have agreed to raise a small fund for the benefit of ministers' widows and 
helpless children, belonging to this Synod, by obliging ourselves to contribute 
a small sum out of our yearly incomes for this purpose. But there are bad 
economists in every society, and having begun our fund about a year ago, we 
find that those men among us are most backward to pay their quotas, whose 
families will stand in most need of relief when they are deadj and, as our 
agreement is voluntary, without the aid of a law to oblige us to perform our 
engagements, and, as we thought it our duty to lay our proceedings before 
your honours, we must humbly intreat you to take our circumstances under 
your consideration. You will merit the blessings of the widow and fatherless, 
and lay us under the strongest obligations of gratitude and afi'ection, if you be 
pleased to make us a corporation by your charter, and enable us to sue and be 
sued, and to raise and hold a capital stock not exceeding one thousand pounds 
for twenty ministers, and so in proportion for a greater or smaller number, the 
interest of which shall be employed yearly, only to relieve the widows and 
children of the Presbyterian ministers belonging to the Synod of Philadelphia, 
or to assist ministers of our Synod in frontier settlements, or such as by age or 
infirmities are not able to get a subsistence. 

As the parliament of England granted the like favour to the ministers of the 
Church of Scotland, 1743 ; as this will, in all probability, confine our synodi- 
cal meetings to this city and province, which some are industriously endea- 
vouring to remove to New Jersey ; as some of our number, as well as their 
people, who are in great distresses by the barbarity of restless and savage In- 
dians, will account it their great comfort and advantage to have such a provi- 
sion made for their families, and, as we design to be bui'densome to no body, 
but to raise this fund out of our own narrow incomes, and as we can with 
great truth assure your honours, that none are more loyal and dutiful subjects 
to his majesty, nor more firmly attached to the proprietary family and inter- 
ests ; from all these considerations we greatly hope and depend that your 
honours will favour us with your countenance and protection, and will be so 
good as to give proper instructions to our governor to grant us a charter for 
the purposes already mentioned, and your petitioners as in duty bound shall 
pray. 

Signed by order of the Synod of Philadelphia. 

Ordered, That the money already paid continue in the hands of our treasurer 
and clerk as formerly, until some answer to this, our petition, be received. 

The commissions of the Synods of Philadelphia and New York, met at the 
place appointed, and reported to their Synods the result of the conference; 
pursuant hereunto the Synod of New York sent us a copy of a minute, request- 
ing that commissions of both Synods meet on the Monday next preceding the 
meeting of both Synods, according to our agreement, to prepare matters for 
both Synods and their happy union. 

Ordered, That the commission of our Synod meet with the commission of 
the Synod of New York for this purpose, on the Monday immediately before 
the meeting of our Synod. 

A supplication from Cook's Creek and Pecked Mountain, requesting that 
we should receive Mr. Alexander Millar as a member, and that his instalment 
be appointed as their pastor in the Lord. 

The Synod unanimously agree to receive him as a member, and order, that 
Mr. Craig install him accordingly, at some convenient time before the first of 
next August. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 
29 



s 


d 




£ 


s 


d 








Mr. Smith, 


1 








2 





Mr. Wilson. 





15 






226 MINUTES OF THE [1757. 

May 26/7/, nine odoch, A. M. The Synod met according to adjournment. 
Uhi j)ost preces sederunt qui supra. 

Upon re;iding the absents from Donegal!, it was observed that Messrs. 
Black and Craig have neglected attending on the Synod for some considerable 
time. Ordered, that Mr, McDowell write to these brethren, and signify that 
the Synod expects either that they will attend or write, and that in case of 
failure, the Synod will be obliged to disown them as members. Ordered like- 
wise, that he write to Mr. Craig, and inform him that Mr. Alexander ^lillar 
is received as a member, and that he install him some convenient time befi)re 
the first of Augnst next ; and also, that he give him to understand that it is the 
judgment of the Synod, that he ought to be content with the bounds fixed by 
the committee appointed for that purpose. 

The affair of the fund defeiTed. 

The several members who brought any thing for the fund, paid the trea- 
surer as follows : 

£ 
Mr. McKennan, 1 
JMr. Tate, 1 

Mr. Boyd, 18 9 

The affair of the Synod's and widows' fund deferred. 

The consideration of the supplications from Virginia and Carolina resumed. 

Ordered, That Mr. Millar supply the following settlements in order, in the 
fall, each one Sabbath day, viz : Cather's settlement, Osborn's, Morison's, 
Jorsey's on Atkln, Buffler's, Hawfield's, and Baker's settlements. And that 
Mr. Craig supply the same settlements, each one Sabbath day in the spring, 
together with Brown's, North and South Mountain, and Calf-Pasture settle- 
ments in Virginia, each, at least, one Sabbath day before our next Synod, 
and that they preach to lesser congregations on week days as often as they 
can. 

Ordered, That a copy of this minute be sent to these people and to Mr. 
Craig, by Mr. Millar, and also by Mr. Tate. 

The Synod being informed, that the honourable trustees of the fund for the 
German emigrants, &c. in Pennsylvania, have generously received our peti- 
tion, requesting their favour and assistance to encourage learning, and to 
maintain a school or schools under the care of this Synod, and have trans- 
mitted it to the honourable trustees, for the same purpose, in London, and 
have recommended the Synod, and their pious and good designs, so effectu- 
ally to their regard, that they have been pleased to grant our request, or- 
dered, that Messrs. Cross and Alison wait on the honourable trustees at their 
next meeting, and, in the name of the Synod, gratefully acknowledge their 
favours; and that they do whatever else may be necessary in said affair. And 
that, if Mr. Provost Smith come here, Mr. Cross thank him in the name of 
the Synod, for the particular regard he has shown, and care he has taken. 

The sujiplication from the Great Valley was taken under consideration. 
Ordered, that Mr. Alison supply the Great Valley in the month of September, 
and administer the sacrament; that Mr. Steel supply two Sabbaths before 
our next; Mr. McKennan the third of July, and Mr. Guild the second of 
August and the second Sabbath of November, and Mr. Cowell the first of 
March. Ordered, that the Sabbath immediately before the Synod, Mr. Tate 
supply the Great Valley, and Mr. Smith, Norrington. 

Adjourned to four o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



1757.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 227 



At four oWoclt^ P. M. The Si/nod met according to adjournment. U hi post 
preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Rev. Mr. William Smith, Provost of the College of Philadelphia, 
waited on the Synod ; when ]\Ir. Cross, according to order, returned the thanks 
of the Synod to him for his particular care and pains taken, in transmitting 
our petition to the honourable trustees of the fund for the German emigrants in 
London ; which Messrs. Cross and Alison had presented to the honourable 
trustees in this province, to be, for the approbation of the honourable trustees 
there, by them transmitted thither, and which is as follows : 

To the trustees general of the society schools for the instruction of poor 
Germans, &c. in Pennsylvania, and the adjacent British colonies, the petition 
of the Synod of Philadelphia humbly showeth, 

That we, your petitioners, opened a public school about twelve years ago, 
when learning was under great discouragements, and opportunities of educa- 
tion scarce in this and the neighbouring provinces, and gave instructions 
gratis for some years, to all ranks and denominations that pleased to accept of 
the same. 

That we have still continued to instruct cheap, and the poor for nothing, 
and have had the pleasure to see a number educated under our care, who have 
been of public service. As there is a fair prospect of making this province 
the seat of learning in this part of the world, we think it would contribute 
much to the growth of the College in this city, to support and encourage 
schools in the country, to provide them with able masters, and to keep them 
under proper directions. 

And as you are engaged in an useful undertaking of this nature, your peti- 
tioners have made bold to plead for your countenance, and some assistance to 
enable us to continue our school. We have the juster reasons to hope for 
this favour, because our school has been as free to the Germans as any other 
nation, and two of the present reformed German ministers, born in this coun- 
try, were educated there ; and because your petitioners understand that our 
mother church of Scotland have greatly promoted the charity under your 
management. 

That we may share your bounty in a way agr»eable to your generous plan, 
we propose to remove our school to Chesuut Level, where some poor Dutch 
scattered in that neighbourhood, may have their children taught gratis to read 
and write English, if favoured with your assistance, and we will also teach a 
certain number of Germans the Latin and Greek languages, in order to pre- 
pare them for the ministry, if they apply for this advantage. And as the 
German inhabitants about the river Susquehannah and the lower parts of Con- 
estoga are wealthy, and may have lodgings cheap in a country place, we doubt 
not but they will be encouraged to send their sons to our, as well as any public 
school. 

As our request seems agreeable to the pious design of the donors, who 
support your good and useful institution ; and as it may be greatly serviceable 
to the interests of religion, virtue, and learning, in this province, your peti- 
tioners entertain great expectations from your generosity and goodness. And, 
indeed, our circumstances are so low, that we are no longer able to bear the 
necessary expenses, but must dismiss our school, unless we can procure some 
assistance. 

Your petitioners have ordered Messrs. Cross and Alison to wait on you 
with this petition and receive your instructions. If you find it is agreeable to 
your public design, we earnestly request, that you would be pleased at pre- 



228 MINUTES OF THE [1757. 

sent, to grant us some assistance, and that you recommend us to the society 
in England for the time to come. And your petitioners as in duty bound shall 
pray. 

Signed, by order of the Synod, by 

William Donaldson, Synod clerk. 

June Id, 1755. 

The Provost presented to the Synod the resolves of the trustees upon the 
Synod's address, which are as follows : 

June 14('7t, 1755. 

Met at Mr. Allen's house near Germantowu, the following trustees, viz : 
Messrs. Allen, Peters, Franklin, and Smith. 

And, taking into their consideration, the aforesaid petition of the Synod of 
Philadelphia, were under some difficulty how to act concerning it. On the 
one hand they thought, that to grant the petition in favour of an English Sy- 
nod, might give offence to the Germans, who generally considered this charity 
as intended solely for their own particular benefit. The trustees were also of 
opinion that it did not fall directly under the great design for promoting the 
English tongue among the Germans. But they considered on the other hand, 
the pleas urged by the petitioners. They knew it to be a truth, that the Sy- 
nod of Philadelphia, at a time when ignorance, even among the ministry, was 
like to overrun the whole province, had begun, and with much difficulty, long 
supported a public school under the Rev. ]Mr. Francis Alison ; and that many 
able ministers, and some of them Dutch, had been educated in the said school. 
The trustees were also of opinion, that it was no small argument in favour of 
the petitioners, that the mother church of Scotland had contributed so largely 
to this useful charity, and that, if any future application to said church should 
be necessary, the interest and recommendation of the Synod of Philadelphia 
might be useful in that respect, as well as in countenancing the several schools 
in their present infant state, and educating, according to their proposal, some 
young men for the Dutch ministry, gratis. 

In consideration of all which, it was resolved to grant twenty-five pounds 
currency for one year to assist the said Synod to support their said public 
school on the following terms, viz : 

1. That it shall be under the same common government with the other free 
schools, and be subject to the visitations of the trustees general or their depu- 
ties, appointed upon the recommendation of the Synod. 

2. That the master shall teach four Dutch or English gratis, upon the re- 
commendation of the trustees general, to be prepared for the ministry, and ten 
poor Dutch children in the English tongue gratis, if so many offer. 

3. That the deputy trustees, together with the master, and any of the clergy, 
visit the school, at least once a quarter, and send down a statement thereof to 
be transmitted by the general trustees to the honourable society. 

Agreed that this case be transmitted to the honourable society, to obtain their 
directions thereupon. 

Ordered, That the terms of the trustees be oomplied with ; and that Messrs. 
Boyd and McDowell, Moses Irwin, James ^Marshal, IMartin Beam, and Jacob 
Graft, be recommended as deputy trustees for the ensuing year, and visit the 
school every (juarter, the third Tuesday, commencing with the third Tuesday 
of August next, if the trustees general approve. 

Ordered, That Messrs. IMillar and Smith draw up some reasons for a general 
fast within our bounds, against our ne.xt. 

'Tis agreed that the school be continued under Mr. Smith's care for another 
year, with the usual encouragement from the (}erman schools. 

The affair of the fund deferred. The consideration of the fast deferred. 

Adjourned to nine o'clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 



1758.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. 229 

May 21th. Nine d clock, A. M. Uhi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

The members appointed to draw up reasons for a general fast within our 
bounds, brought them in, and they were read and amended as follows : 

The Synod taking under serious consideration the melancholy state of the 
British dominions, and their allies, the danger of the Protestant interest in 
general, and particularly of the English colonies of America, arising from the 
formidable combination of antichristian powers in Europe, and the shocking 
depredations and barbarities of the heathen on our borders, influenced and 
abetted by the perfidious, restless enemies of our civil and religious liberties j 
as also the abounding profanity and wickedness of all ranks and degrees of 
men ; the awful contempt cast upon the glorious gospel of Christ, not only by 
the professed infidelity of its open adversaries, but likewise by the unbelief, 
hypocrisy, uncharitableness, and loose practices of its professed friends ; and 
being deeply sensible of, and affected with, the ungrateful abuse and misim- 
provement of the many privileges we have long enjoyed; our peace, plenty, 
and liberty having been turned into wantonness, pride, and licentiousness ; 
and being firmly persuaded that for these things God is testifying his displea- 
sure against us, both at home and abroad, by a calamitous war, in which we 
are involved, while an amazing insensibility generally prevails under the pre- 
sent gloomy appearances of Divine Providence, and a want of public spirit, 
and zeal for the common good ; do, for these and the like reasons, recommend 
the twenty-third day of June next, to be observed by the people belonging to 
the Synod, as a day of public humiliation, fasting, and prayer, throughout 
their bounds, to bewail our aggravated and crying sins, to deprecate the de- 
served wrath of heaven, and to implore the divine mercy and forgiveness; 
that the Spirit of grace may be poured out upon us ; that, as a people, we 
may turn unto the Lord by a sincere repentance; that God would preserve 
and bless our gracious king, direct his counsels, go forth with his fleets and 
armies, and also those of his allies, and crown them with success ; that he 
would guard and defend our sea coasts and frontiers against all the designs of 
our enemies ; that he would preserve to us our invaluable liberties, both civil 
and religious; that he would yet bless us with fruitful seasons, mercifully 
heal all our divisions, and cause our present confusions happily to terminate 
in the glorious advancement of the peaceful kingdom of our Lord Jesus 
Christ. Accordingly it is ordered, that all our ministers represent these 
things to the people under our care, and excite them to these solemn exercises, 
and, for that end, suit their sermons and prayers, on that day, to the important 
occasion. 

Signed, by order of the Synod, by 

Adam Boyd, Moderator. 

Ordered, That the commission for the fund meet immediately at Mr. 
Cross's. 

Adjourned to the fourth Wednesday of May next. Concluded with prayer. 



1758. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

At Philadelphia, May 24:th, 1758. Ubi post preces sederunt 

Of Philadelphia Presbytery : Messrs. Cross, Dr. Alison, Cowell, Guild, 
Kinkead. 

Of Donegall Presbytery : Messrs. Tate, Steel. 



230 • MINUTES OF THE [1758. 

Of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Boyd, McDowell, Hector Alison, Smith, 
Millar, McKenuan. 

Elders : John Johnston, James Piper, James Kerr, Moses Irvin, James 
Edwards. 

Absent of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Gillespie and Wilson. 

" of Donegall : Messrs. Zanchy, Elder, Thomson, McMordie, Black, 
Craig, Alexander Miller. 

Dr. Alison opened the Synod with a sermon on Eph. iv. 1 — 8. 

Mr. Smith chosen moderator, Mr. Millar clerk. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Dr. Alison, Cowell, Steel, Tate, Boyd, 
McDowell, Hector Alison, McKennan, and the moderator, be the commission 
of the Synod, and committee for the fund for the ensuing year, and that three, 
with the moderator, be a quorum. 

Inquiry being made who had brought any thing for the fund, it was found 
that Messrs. Cross, Boyd, Smith, Hector Alison, Miller, McKennan, Guild, 
Tate, had brought. 

Ordered, That the committee for the fund meet at Mr. Cross's house to- 
morrow morning at eight o'clock. 

Adjourned to three o'clock in the afternoon to-morrow. Concluded Avith 
prayer. 

May 25tli, at three o'clock. Ubi post preces sederunt qui sypra. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

The commission of this Synod report, that they met with the commission of 
the Synod of New York on Monday last, according to the appointment of last 
Synod; and, that after mutual conference on the afiiiir of uniting the two 
Synods, a plan of union was formed by the two commissions, which they agreed 
should be proposed to each Synod. 

The plan was read, and considered for some time, and the further considera- 
tion of it deferred till to-morrow. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock, to-morrow morning, and concluded with prayer. 

3Iai/ 26, at nine o'clock, A. M. V hi p>ost p>reccs sederunt qui svpra. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

The plan of union was further considered. 

A letter was ordered to be wrote to the llev. Dr. Willi;mi Leechman, Profes- 
sor of Divinity in the University of Glasgow, which was done, and is as fol- 
lows: 

Philadclp)hia, May 29ih, 1758. 

Very Bevercnd Sir, — Though we have not the honour of personal acquaint- 
ance with you, yet your distinguished character and praises in the churches of 
Christ, and eminent station in the University of Glasgow, are well known to us, 
and to the churches in these American colonies, and we would much esteem a 
correspondence with you, if your more important affairs might allow it. "We 
presume to give you this trouble now, requesting you to accept for yourself, and 
to present to the learned Professors of the University our grateful acknowledg- 
ments for the late mark of your regard to the llev. Mr. Francis Alison, a mem- 
ber of this Synod, in conferring a degree of Doctor of Divinity upon him. He is 
a gentleman of good character, a public spirit, and well esteemed as a preacher. 
He has been very industrious and successful in promoting learning in this part 
of the world, both before and since he was called to a public station in the col- 
lege and academy in this city ; and we hope he will ever behave so as to deserve 
your regard. Such honours conferred on men of confessed worth here, may 



1758.] SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA, 231 

mucli encourage learning and public usefulness, and may be of service to our 

church, as we have another denomination among us, whose ministers are fre- 

' quently honoured with such titles. We shall ever think it an honour to our 

Synod to enjoy the fiivour of that university, and particularly of Dr. Leechman. 

We are, Reverend Sir, your very obliged^ humble servants. 

Signed by order of the Synod of Philadelphia, by 

Sampson Smith, Moderator. 

Upon reading the answer given by the trustees of the German schools in this 
province, Mr. Cross informed that the honourable trustees general, in England, 
had complied with the Synod's petition, as appears by an extract of a letter 
from them to the Rev. William Smith, one of the trustees here, which was laid 
before the Synod, and was as follows : 

Extract of Dr. Chandler's letter to the Rev. Mr. Smith, received by Mr. 
Smith, September 14th, 1757. 

"Nov. 27th, last, upon the petition of the Synod of Pennsylvania, and the 
recommendation of our trustees, we have agreed to allow thirty pounds sterling 
per annum, toward the support of the school mentioned to be erected by them, 
from midsummer before that date. And I have purchased and packed up, 
among other books, a large number of English Primers and Spelling Books for 
their use, and that of the German children, which I hope will soon be sent over 
to you ; as soon, at least, as I can get a safe conveyance." 

Ordered, That Messrs. Cross, Dr. Alison, McDowell, and the moderator, be a 
committee to settle with Provost Smith, the accounts of the annual donation 
of the honourable trustees to the Synod. 

Agreed that the school be continued under Mr. Smith's care for another year, 
with the usual encouragement from the fund for the German schools. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, and concluded with prayer. 

At three o'docJc, P. 31. The Si/iiod met, et post preces sederunt qui 
sup7-a. 

Agreed by the Synod, at Mr. Cross's request, that the box belonging to 
the Synod's fund, and all pertaining thereto, be put into Dr, Alison's hand in 
trust. 

The consideration of the plan of union was resumed, and some alterations 
proposed. And the Synod being informed that a committee had been appointed 
by the two commissioners to prepare the first draught of this plan, to wit, 
Messrs, Hector Alison, Miller, Smith, and McDowell, of our members, with 
Messrs. Bostwick, Davis, Samuel Finley, and Blair, of the other commission : 
Ordered, That Mr. McDowell go and inform the Synod of New York, now sit- 
ting, that this Synod has considered the plan for union, and desires, when they 
have likewise done so, the same committee may meet, and communicate to each 
other the corrections proposed in each Synod. 

Mr. McDowell presently returned, and reports that the Synod of New York 
agreed to the motion. 

Ordered, That the committee meet accordingly to-morrow. 

Adjourned till nine o'clock on Monday morning, and concluded with prayer. 

Mai/ 20th, at nine o'clock on Monday morning the St/nod met, et post preces 
sederunt qui supra. 

Our members of the committee appointed to meet with those of New York 
Synod, report that they met on Saturday last, and communicated the amend- 
ments proposed by each Synod in the plan of union, and conferred upon them. 



232 MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA. [1758. 

Ordered, That these members lay the amendments proposed by the Synod of 
New York before this Synod, which they did. 

The Synod considered them, and agreed they shouki be allowed. 

Ordered, That the same members of the above mentioned committee inform 
the Synod of New Y'ork of this agreement. 

Tlie members went and informed them accordingly, and soon returned, and 
acquainted this Synod that the Synod of New York had also agreed to admit 
the amendments proposed in this Synod, and therefore thought the affair was 
now ripe for the two Synods to meet together and complete the agreement. 

The plan as now prepared was finally put to the vote, and was unanimously 
approved as a satisfactory plan for uniting upon. 

Agreed that this Synod meet with the Synod of New l^ork at three o'clock, 
P. M. and that this be notified to them. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M., and concluded with prayer. 

K. B. At three d clock, P. M. the two Synods met. 

The plan of union was now read before them, and unanimously agreed to. 

The Synods being now united, a new book was opened, and the whole plan 
and articles of union entered, as may be seen in that book, where the minutes 
of the new united Synod are recorded. 



The party which withdrew from the Synod of Philadelphia, the reasons and 
manner of whose secession are stated in the foregoing records, subsequently 
formed themselves into a Synod, under the style of the Synod of New Y'ork, 
embracing the Presbyteries of New Y'ork, New Brunswick and New Castle. 
Their first meeting was held in the year 1745, and their last in 1758, at which 
time a re-union of the two parties was effected as above recited. The minutes 
of this body form the next link in the documentary history of the Presbyterian 
Church in the United States. 



PART THIRD. 
MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF NEW YORK, 

FROM A. D. 1745 TO 1758. 



1745. 

Elizabethtown, New Jersey, September 19i7i, 1745. 

The ministers and elders whose names are presently to be inserted, convened 
and formed themselves into a Synod, under the name or title of the Synod of 
New York. 

Ministers of the Presbytery of New York : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, 
John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemberton, Simon Horton, Aaron Burr, Azariah 
Horton, Timothy Jones, Eliab Byram, Robert Sturgeon. 

Ministers of New Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Joseph 
Lamb, William Tennent, Richard Treat, James McCrea, William Robinson, 
David Youngs, Charles Beatty, Charles McKnight. 

Ministers of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Samuel Blair, Samuel Finly, 
Charles Tennent, John Blair. 

Elders : Joseph Woodruife, Nathaniel Hazard, Joseph Prudden, Benjamin 
Leonard, John Ayres, Samuel Hazard, Robert Cummins, John Craig, Richard 
Walker, Peter Peryen, John Love, Alexander Moody. 

The ministers and elders before mentioned, first considered and agreed 
upon the following articles, as the plan and foundation of their synodical 
union. 

1. They agree that the Westminster Confession of Faith, with the Larger 
and Shorter Catechisms, be the public confession of their faith in such manner 
as was agreed unto by the Synod of Philadelphia, in the year 1729 ; and to be 
inserted in the latter end of this book. And they declare their approbation of 
the Directory of the Assembly of Divines at Westminster, as the general plan 
of worship and discipline. 

2. They agree that in matters of discipline, and those things that relate to 
the peace and good order of our churches, they shall be determined according 
to the major vote of ministers and elders, with which vote every member 
shall actively concur or pacifically acquiesce : but if any member cannot in 
conscience agree to the determination of the majority, but supposes himself 
obliged to act contrary thereunto, and the Synod think themselves obliged to 
insist upon it as essentially necessary to the well-being of our churches, in that 
case such dissenting member promises peaceably to withdraw from the body, 
without endeavouring to raise any dispute or contention upon the debated point, 
or any unjust alienation of aifection from them. 

3. If any member of their body supposes that he hath any thing to object 
against any of his brethren with respect to error in doctrine, immorality in life, 
or negligence in his ministry, he shall not on any account, propagate the scan- 
dal, until the person objected against is dealt with according to the rules of the 
gospel, and the known methods of their discipline. 

30 (233) 



234 MINUTES OF TIIE [1745. 

4. They agree, that all who have a competent degree of ministerial knowledge, 
are orthodox in their doctrine, regular in their lives, and diligent in their en- 
deavours to promote the important designs of vital godliness, and that will sub- 
mit to their discipline, shall be cheerfully admitted into their communion. 

And they do also agree, that in order to avoid all divisive methods among 
their ministers and congi-egations, and to strengthen the discipline of Christ in 
the churches in these parts, they will maintain a correspondence with the Synod 
of Philadelphia in this their first meeting, by appointing two of their members 
to meet with the said Synod of Philadelphia at their next convention, and to 
concert with them such measures as may best promote the precious interests of 
Christ's kingdom in these parts. 

And that they may in no respect encourage any factious separating practices 
or principles ; they agree that they will not intermeddle with judicially hearing 
the complaints, or with supplying with ministers and candidates such parties of 
men, as shall separate from any Presbyterian or Congregational churches, that 
are not within their bounds, unless the matters of controversy be submitted to 
their jurisdiction or advice by both parties. Thereupon, 

The Synod opened by prayer. Mr. Jonathan Dickinson chosen moderator, 
Mr. Ebenezer Pemberton chosen clerk. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at nine of the clock. Concluded with 
prayer. 

20th da}/, at nine of the clock, ante meridiem. Post preccs sederunt qui 
supra. 

Ordered, That the moderator and Mr. Pierson do correspond with the Synod 
of Philadelphia at their next session. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Samuel Blair, and Ebenezer Pember- 
ton, do draw up a testimony to the work of God's glorious grace, which has 
been carried on in these parts of the land, and bring it in for the approbation of 
the Synod at their next sederunt. 

The circumstances of Virginia being brought under consideration, and the 
wide door that is opened for the preaching of the gospel in these parts, with a 
hopeful prospect of success, the Synod are unanimously of the opinion, that 3Ir. 
Ptobinson is the most suitable person to be sent among them, and accortlingly 
they do earnestly recommend it to him to go down and help them as soon as his 
circumstances will permit him, and reside there for some months. 

An interloquitur of the ministers of the Synod appointed to meet at half an 
hour past two,^w6< meridiem. 

The Synod adjourned till four of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Four of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The interloquitur met according to appointment. 

Messrs. Tennent, Pemberton, and Blair, brought in a testimony to the work 
of God's grace among us, according to appointment, which was unanimously 
approved. But the original being lost it cannot be inserted here. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, at nine of the clock. Concluded with 
prayer. 

21.S/ dai/, at nine of the cloeh, A. 3r. Post preces sederunt qui stiqn-a. 

Messrs. Pieison, Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, Burr, Samuel Blair, 
Finly, Pemberton, and the moderator, are appointed to be a commission of the 
Synod for the ensuing year. 

The Synod adjourned to the second Wednesday of October, 174G, and then 
to meet at New York. Concluded with prayer. 



1746-7.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 235 

1746. 
The Synod convened according to appoiatment, 

J^eiv York, October Qth, 1746. Uhi post preces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, Samuel Blair, Samuel Finly, Aaron 
Burr, Azariah Horton, Charles Beatty, Charles McKnight, John Boan, Ebe- 
nezer Pemberton. 

Elders : Messrs. Bichard Walker, William Eagles. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Joseph Lamb, Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, 
Bichard Treat, James McCrea, David Youngs, Charles Tennent, John Blair, 
David Bostwick, Thomas Arthur, John Grant, Andrew Hunter, John Pierson, 
Eliab Byram, Simon Horton, Timothy Jones, David Brainerd, Bobert Sturgeon, 
Eleazer Wales, and William Dean. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon from Psal. xxiv. 4, preached by Mr. 
Dickinson, the last year's moderator. 

Mr. Pemberton chosen moderatox", Mr. Finly clerk. 

The Synod is informed that most of the absent members were upon their 
journey to New Y^ork to attend the Synod, but were prevented through appre- 
hensions of the small pox and other difficulties. 

Our Beverend brother, Mr. William Bobinson, is departed this life since our 
last meeting. 

The small pox prevailing in Philadelphia in May last, prevented Messrs. 
Dickinson and Pierson from corresponding with the Synod of Philadelphia at 
their last meting, but they wrote to them and received an answer. 

The same members appointed to be a commission of the Synod this year, who 
were the last. 

A supplication and call for a minister from Hanover in Virginia, was brought 
into the Synod and read ; the Synod doth earnestly recommend the assisting of 
said people, to the Presbyteries of New Brunswick and New Castle. 

The Synod considering the present fewness of ruling elders attending the 
Synod, doth recommend it to all their members to endeavour to bring elders 
with them. 

Adjourned till the third Wednesday of May next, and then to meet at Maid- 
enhead. Concluded with prayer. 



1747. 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Maidenhead, May 20<7i, 1747. Uhi post preces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, John Pierson, Ebenezer, Pemberton, 
Simon Horton, Azariah Horton, David Bostwick, John Grant, Timothy Jones, 
Eliab ]5yram, Thomas Arthur, Jacob Green, Nathaniel Tucker, Joseph Lamb, 
Gilbert Tennent, Bichard Treat, James McCrea, James Campbel, James Daven- 
port, Charles McKnight, Charles Beatty, iindrew Hunter, Daniel Lawrence, 
Samuel Sacket, Samuel Blair, Johfi Blair, William Dean, John Boan, and 
Samuel Finley. 

Elders : Messrs. Joseph Prudden, Ebenezer Byram, John Lyle, John Ayres, 
Thomas Bourn, David Parry, Ephraim Lockert, Bobert Smith, Bobert English, 
John Grey, Francis Brewster, Daniel Mills, John Smith, Samuel Sturgeon, and 
Hugh Kirkpatrick. 

Ministers absent : Aaron Burr, David Y^'oungs, Timothy Syms, Bobert 



236 MINUTES OF THE [1748. 

Sturgeon, David Braincrd, William Tennent, Eleazer "Wales, Charles Tennent, 
Hutchinson, and Davis. 

Mr. Pcmberton, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod by a sermon on 
Acts iv. 29. 

Mr. Gilbert Tennent chosen moderator, Mr. Treat clerk. 

Messrs. Dickinson, Pemberton, Pierson, Burr, Lamb, "William Tennent, 
Samuel Blair, Finly, Charles Tennent, and the moderator, are appointed to be 
the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

A letter was brought into the Synod from the new settlements in "\^irginia, 
requesting a minister might be sent to preach the gospel, &c. unto them. 
The Synod appoints Mr. Byram to go to said people some time in next Sep- 
tember, and spend some time with them, and appoints the Presbytery of New 
York to supply his people with preaching during his absence. And the Synod 
doth, moreover, appoint Messrs. Dickinson and Pemberton to write to Mr. 
Bewel, in order to procure him to accompany Mr. Byram in said journey. 

Adjourned to the third Wednesday of May next, to meet at Maidenhead at 
two of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

1748. 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Maidenhead, May the ISth, 1748. ZTbi post preces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Azariah Ilorton, Jacob Green, Timothy Syms, Joseph 
Lamb, James McCrea, John Brainerd, Charles McKnight, James Davenport, 
Eliab Byram, Gilbert Tennent, Andrew Hunter, llichard Treat, Charles 
Beatty, James Campbel, Daniel Lawrence, John Blair, John Roan. 

Elders : Messrs. Ephraim Price, Brice llickey, John Craig, Samuel 
Hazard, Isaac Mills, Cornelius Wyukoop, John Grey, Bobert Smith, David 
"Wilson. 

INIinisters absent : Messrs. Robert Sturgeon, John Pierson, Ebenezcr Pem- 
berton, Simon Horton, Aaron Burr, David Bostwick, John (iraut, Thomas 
Arthur, David Youngs, Timothy Jones, Samuel Sacket, William Tennent, 
Eleazer "Wales, Job Prudden, Thomas Lewis, Samuel Blair, Samuel Finly, 
"William Dean, Samuel Davis, Andrew Sterling, Andrew Bay and Charles 
Tennent. 

Mr. Lamb chosen moderator, Mr. John Blair clerk. 

Mr. Gilbert Tennent, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod by a 
sermon from Bom. xi. 86. 

The llcv. Messrs. Jonathan Dickinson, David Brainerd, and Nathaniel 
Tucker, have been removed by death since our last meeting. 

The last year's minutes not being present, the Synod is necessitated to pro- 
ceed as well as they can without tliem. 

Mr. ]iyram fultilled his appointment in going to Virginia, but Mr. Bewel 
could not be obtained to accompany him. 

The Presbytery of Suffolk county, on Long-Island, having, by their dele- 
gate Mr. Ebenezcr Prime, desired to be admitted as members of this Synod 
with the proviso, that one or two of their members in all time to come, be 
allowed the privilege of representing them in the Synod, and acting for them 
as delegates ; and likewise, that some members of New York Presbytery, 
might join them in their Presbytcrial judicatories. In -answer to M'hich, the 
Synod does signify that they are willing to make all reasonable allowances for 
the absence of their members, who live far distant from the place of their con- 
vention, and when the Synod shall, on the account of their growing number 
and distant abode, conclude to form any of its sessions of delegates, they will 



1749.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 237 

readily admit that Reverend Presbytery to the common privilege of their body ; 
before which, we judge it would be UDprecedented and unequal, and of bad 
tendency. 

If the Reverend Presbytery aforesaid is pleased to join with us on the 
aforesaid terms, then we declare our willingness to receive them, and that such 
of the Presbytery of New York who live on Long Island, as are inclined to it, 
may join with them as members. 

A call was brought into the Synod, to be presented to the Rev. Mr. Dean, 
from the congregations of Timber Ridge and forks of James's River ; the Sy- 
nod refer the consideration thereof to the Presbytery of New Castle, to which 
Mr. Dean doth belong, and do recommend it to said Presbytery to meet at Mr. 
Dean's meeting-house on Wednesday next upon said aiBfair, and that Mr. Dean 
and his people be speedily apprized of it. 

A call was brought into the Synod from Falling Spring and New Providence, 
to be presented to Mr. Byram, the acceptance of which he declined. 

A supplication for supplies, and in particular for the opportunity of a pro- 
bationer from Cedar Creek and Opeken, was brought into the Sjmod, and 
also, a supplication for relief from a person who had suffered loss by fire; the 
consideration of both which is deferred until the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to ten of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

19^74 daij, at ten of the clock, A. 31. Fast preces sederunt qui supra, 
Together with Mr. Charles Tennent. 

Application was made to the Synod in behalf of the lower counties in and 
adjacent to Maryland, for supplies. 

Motion was made to the Synod in behalf of Cape May, in order to have 
some provision made for the settlement of a minister there. 

A supplication was brought in from Augusta county in Virginia, 
^ With respect to the supplication for a charitable contribution, the Synod 
judges that it is an affair belonging to the civil magistrate, but does not belong 
to them to transact any thing synodically about it. 

The Synod proceeded to consider the motion respecting Cape May, and in 
order to the relief of that people, the Synod doth recommend to the Presby- 
tery of New Brunswick, to send down Mr. Lawrence immediately for a few 
Sabbaths, and also recommends to the Presbytery of New Castle, to take Mr. 
Hugh Henry speedily under trials, and in case of his licensure by said Pres- 
bytery, the Synod appoint said Presbytery, to send him directly down to said 
people, to supply there some time upon trial for settlement, if Divine Provi- 
dence clear the way. 

In answer to the supplication from the people in Augusta county, the Synod 
appoints Mr. Cummins to go there in the fall for some time, and they appoint 
Mr. Hunter to go into the lower counties, &c. the fii-st of September, and 
preach there four Sabbaths. 

Adjourned to the third Wednesday of May next, to meet at Maidenhead at 
eleven of the clock, A. M. Concluded with prayer. 

1749. 

The Synod met at Maidenhead according to appointment, 

May the 17th, 1749. Uhi post preces sederunt 

Ministers: Messrs. John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemberton, Aaron Burr 
James Davenport, David Youngs, Thomas Arthur, John Brainerd, Gilbert 
Tennent, Richard Treat, James Campbell, Charles Beatty, Samuel Sacket 
Timothy Allen, James McCrea, Thomas Lewie, Andrew Hunter, Daniel 



238 MNUTES OF THE [1749. 

Lawrence, John Koan, Samuel Davis, Andrew Bay, John Rogers, Samuel 
Finly. 

Elders : Messrs. John Lyle, Samuel Hazard, Hugh Marten, Thomas Logan, 
Daniel Grant, Hugh Kirkpatrick. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Simon Horton, Azariah Ilorton, David Bostwick, 
Timotliy Jones, Eliab Byram, Tiiuotliy Synis, John Grant, Jacob Green, Aaron 
Richards, Caleb Smith, Silas Leonard, Joseph Lamb, William Tennent, Eli^azer 
Wales, Charles McKuight, Job Prudden, Robert Sturgeon, Samuel and John 
Blair, Charles Tennent, Andrew Sterling. 

Mr. Lamb, the last year's moderator, being absent, Mr. Gilbert Tennent 
opened the Synod by a sermon on 2 Cor. v. IL 

Mr. Piersou chosen moderator, Mr. Finly clerk. 

Mr. Elihu Spencer is admitted to sit in the Synod as correspondent. 

The members absent the last year, and now present, gave their reasons for 
their absence, which were sustained. 

The Rev. Mr. Dean has been removed by death since our last meeting. 

The Presbytery of Suffolk, by their delegate Mr. James Brown, signified 
to the Synod their acceptance of the terms proposed to them the last session, 
and said Presbytery are accordingly admitted into our Synod, in consequence 
whereof Mr. Ebenezer Prime and Mr. James Brown, members of said Presby- 
tery being present, are now admitted to sit in the Synod as members. 

And the Synod recommends to those members of New York who dwell upon 
Long Island, to join the Presbytery of Suffolk as members thereof. 

Mr. Cummins fulfilled the appointment of our last in going to Virginia. 

Mr. Hunter was prevented of fulfilling his appointments by reason of sick- 
ness. 

Motion was made by some members for making proposals for an union with 
the Synod of I'hiladelphia, the further consideration of which is deferred till 
the next scJn-unt. 

Adjourned to seven of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

\^th day, at seven of the dock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui sttpra. 

The motion for making proposals of union to the Synod of Philadelphia, 
reassumed, and after much reasoning upon it, it was carried by a great majority 
of votes, that proposals for an union be made to the Synod of Philadelphia in 
the following words, viz : 

The Synod of New York are deeply sensible of the many unhappy conse- 
quences that flow from our present divided state, and have with pleasure ob- 
served a spirit of moderation increasing between many of the members of both 
Synods; tiiis opens a door of hope, that if we were united in one body, we 
might Joe able to carry on the designs of religion in future peace and agree- 
ment to our mutual satisfaction ; and though we retain the same sentiments of 
the work of God which we formerly did, yet we esteem mutual forbearance 
our duty, since we all profess the same Confession of Faith and Directory of 
Worship. We would, therefore, humbly prt)pose to our brethren of the Synod 
of Philadelphia, that all our former difl'erences be buried in perpetual oblivion, 
and that for the time to come, both Synods be united into one, and that hence- 
forth there be no contentions among us ; but to carry towards each other in the 
most peaceable and brotherly manner, which we arc persuaded will be for the 
honour of our Master, the credit of our profession, and the edification of the 
churches committed to our care. Accordingly we appoint the Rev. Messrs. 
John Pierson, Gilbert Tennent, Ebenezer Pcmbcrton, and Aaron Burr, to be 
our delegates to wait upon the Synod of I'hiladelphia with these proposals. 



1750.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 239 

And if the Synod of Philadelphia see meet to join with us in this design, and 
•will please to appoint a commission to meet for that purpose, we appoint the 
Rev. Messrs. John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemberton, Aaron Burr, Gilbert and 
William Tennent, Richard Treat, Samuel or John Blair, John Roan, Samuel 
Finly, Ebenezer Prime, David Bostwick, and James Brown, (whom we appoint 
a commission of the Synod for the ensuing year,) to meet with the commission 
of the Synod of Philadelphia, at such time and place as they shall choose, to 
determine the aifair of the union, agreeable to the preliminary articles con- 
cluded upon by this Synod ; and it is agreed that any other of our members 
who shall please to meet with the commission, shall have liberty of voting and 
acting in said affair equally with the members of said commission. Which 
articles proposed as a general plan of union are as follows, viz : 

1. To preserve the common peace, we would propose that all names of 
distinction which have been made use of in the late times, be for ever abo- 
lished. 

2. That every member assent unto and adopt the Confession of Faith and 
Directory, according to the plan formerly agreed to by the Synod of Philadel- 
phia in the years . 

3. That every member promise, that after any question has been deteTmined 
by the major vote, he will actively concur or passively submit to the judgment 
of the body ; but if his conscience permit him to do neither of these, that then 
he shall be obliged peaceably to withdraw from our Synodical communion, 
without any attempt to make a schism or division among us. Yet this is not 
intended to extend to any cases but those which the Synod judges essential in 
matters of doctrine or discipline. 

4. That all our respective congregations and vacancies be acknowledged as 
congregations belonging to the Synod, but continue under the care of the same 
Presbytery as now they are, until a favourable opportunity presents for an 
advantageous alteration. 

5. That we all agree to esteem and treat it as a censurable evil, to accuse any 
of our members of error in doctrine or immorality in conversation, any other- 
wise than by private reproof, till the accusation has been brought before a 
regular judicature and issued according to the known rules of our discipline. 

Upon a representation of the desolate circumstances of Virginia and Mary- 
land, the Synod appoint the Rev. Messrs. Prime, Davenport, Youngs, and 
-Spencer, to write to the Eastern Association of Fairfield county, in Connecticut, 
requesting them, if possible, to send some minister or ministers, to supply some 
time in those southern provinces. Also, Mr. Davenport is appointed, if he 
recovers a good state of health, to go and supply in Virginia. 

Adjourned to the third Wednesday of May next, to meet at Maidenhead, 
unless a different time and place be appointed by the commission. Concluded 
with prayer. 

1750. 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Maidenhead, May 16//i, 1750. U hi post preces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemberton, Aaron Burr, Eliab 
Byram, David Bostwick, Jacob Green, Caleb Smith, Thomas Arthur, Aaron 
Richards, James Davenport, Richard Treat, William Tennent, Charles McKnight, 
James McCrea, Timothy Allen, Thomas Lewis, Andrew Hunter, Daniel Law- 
rence, Israel Read, Samuel Sacket, Samuel Blair, John Blair, John Roan, 
Samuel Davis, Andrew Bay, John Rogers, Azariah Ilorton. 

Elders : Messrs. Peter Beach, Cornelius Wynkoop, Robert Cummins, Richard 



240 MINUTES OF THE [1750. 

Walker, William Lynn, Moses Hallam, Joseph Peck, William Boyd, Samuel 
Morris, William Murphey. 

Jlinistcrs absent : Messrs. Simon Horton, Timothy Jones, Enos Ayres, 
Timothy Syms, John Braincrd, John Grant, Elihu Spencer, Robert Sturgeon, 
Gilbert Teiinent, Samuel Finly, Charles Tennent, Andrew Sterling, James 
Campbell, and all of the Presbytery of Suffolk except Azariab Ilorton. 

Mr. Pierson, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod by a sermon from 
Colos. i. 18. 

Mr. William Tennent chosen moderator, Mr. Arthur clerk. 

The reasons sent in excuse for the present absence of Messrs. Charles Ten- 
nent, Samuel Finly, and Simon Ilorton, are sustained. 

The llev. Mr. Lamb is removed by death since our last session. 

The minutes of our last session could not be obtained at present, and there- 
fore the Synod was necessitated to proceed without them. 

Ordered, That any member of the Synod who may have them, or any other 
of the minutes of this Synod since its first erection, in their keeping, take care 
to produce them at the next session. 

The committee appointed by the last Synod to wait upon the Synod of 
Philadelphia, with a preliminary plan for an union, make report that they 
complied with said appointment, and in consequence thereof a commission of 
both Synods agreed to meet at Trenton, the first Wednesday of October, 1749, 
and met accordingly. 

Ordered, That the minutes of that meeting be laid before the Synod, which 
being done, the Synod ordered them to be inserted in their minutes, and they 
are as follows, viz. 

" Trenton, October 4<7t, 1749. 

" Met according to an agreement between the commissioners of the Synod 
of New York and the Synod of Philadelphia, the commission of both Synods 
to treat upon an overture of union between the said Synods, oflfered to the Synod 
of Philadelphia by the Synod of New York. 

" Present of the Synod of Philadelphia : Messrs. Cross, Alison, Cathcart, 
Boyd, McIIenry, Cowell, Griffith, and Thom. 

"Of the Synod of New York: Messrs. Pierson, Pemberton, Gilbert and 
William Tennent, Treat, Samuel and John Blair, Lewis, Finly, lloau, and 
Arthur. 

" N. B. In the appointment of the commission of the Synod of New York, 
liberty was expressly granted to any of their members, though not in com- 
mission, to attend and have equal liberty of voting with the commissioners if 
they were inclined so to do. 

'^Post jireces sederunt qui supra, with divers members of the Synod of New 
York. 

" Mr. David Cowell was chosen moderator, Mr. Thomas Arthur clerk. 

" Several members of the Synod of New York, that had not been present 
at forming the general plan for an union, moved that before the commissioners 
entered upon the affair of the union, they might have a private conference with 
the members of their own Synod, that they might be fully acquainted with each 
other's sentiments relating to the union, and also further inform themselves as 
to the general concessions made in the aforesaid plan, or preliminary articles, 
or by their committee ; which motion was granted. 

"Adjourned to eight of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 



1750.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 241 

^^ Thursday, 5th day, met according to adjournment. Post preces sederunt 
qui supra. 

"The commissioners of the Synod of New York considering the protest 
of the Synod of Philadelphia, whereby they excluded from their communion 
the Presbytery of New Brunswick and their adherents, as one principal bar 
to an union, waiving all other matters, immediately insisted that said protest 
should, by some authentic and formal act of the Synod of Philadelphia, be 
made null and void. The debates on this head arose very high, and there 
appearing no prospect of accommodating matters, the commissioners of both 
Synods came unanimously into this conclusion, viz. That whereas certain 
difficulties arose in the conversation of the commissioners of both Synods, 
they came finally and unanimously into this agreement, that both Synods at 
their next sessions do more fully prepare proposals for an accommodation, 
and interchange said proposals, and that in the mean time, there be a mutual 
endeavour to cultivate a spirit of candour and friendship. At the same time 
these three principal things were especially recommended to the consideration 
of their respective Synods. 1. The protest. 2. That paragraph about essen- 
tials. 3. Of Presbyteries. Concluded with prayer." 

The affair of the union was taken under consideration, according to the 
conclusion of the commissioners of both Synods as aforesaid. But the Synod 
is sorry to find that it is not in their power to proceed to make further propo- 
sals at this session, for want of the last year's minutes, and a copy of the 
former plan of preliminary articles, occasioned by the absence of their former 
clerk. But still they profess their design to enter upon the affair at their 
next sessions, and in the mean time to maintain a spirit of candour and 
friendship. 

Ordered, That a copy of this minute be sent to the Rev. Mr. Gilbert Ten- 
nent, who is hereby appointed to deliver it in to the Synod of Philadelphia, at 
the beginning of their next sessions. 

Upon application made by Mr. Davis in behalf of the people in the southern 
colonies, the Synod do recommend to the Presbytery of New Brunswick to 
endeavour to prevail with Mr. John Todd, upon his being licensed, to take a 
journey thither; and also to the Presbytery of New York, to urge the same 
upon Messrs. Syms and G-reenman. 

Mr. Davenport is appointed to go into Virginia to assist in supplying the 
numerous vacant and destitute congregations there. The same is also recom- 
mended to the Rev. Mr. Byram, 

Adjourned to eight o'clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

17th day, at eight o/fhe clock, A. 31. Post preces sederunt q7ii supra. 

An affair of the congregation of Tehicken was brought into the Synod by a 
reference from the Presbytery of New Brunswick, which the Synod pro- 
ceeded to consider, and ordered the parties concerned to lay the case before 
them in order to be determined, which was accordingly done ; and after much 
was said, many papers read, and all persons had offered what they thought 
proper with respect to the matter in controversy, the Synod came into the 
following conclusion, viz. That whereas the congregation of Tehicken is sadly 
divided about the fairness and obligation of a lot made use of by them for the 
determining the place for their meeting-house, the Synod, after a full hearing 
the case, came unanimously into this judgment, viz. that though they do by 
all means discountenance the method of ending such matters of controversy 
by lottery, yet as to the lot under debate, the Synod is of the opinion, that 
31 



242 MINUTES OF THE [1750. 

it was fairly cast, and consequently binding upon the parties concerned, as also 
other former agreements said people have solemnly obliged themselves to ; 
and the Synod doth judge, that they have acted very sinfully who have broken 
through these repeated solemn obligations, and that a solemn admonition be 
given unto them by Mr. Pembertou in the name of the Synod; which was 
accordingly done. 

The last year's commission continued for the ensuing year. 

Adjourned to the fourth Thursday in September next, to meet at Newark. 

Concluded with prayer. 

The Synod met according to adjournment, 

NewarJc, Septemher 11 tli, 1750. Uhi post preces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. Ebenezer Prime, Azariah Horton, James Brown, David 
Youngs, Ebenezer Pemberton, John Pierson, Aaron Burr, Timothy Jones, 
Jacob Clreen, John Grant, Caleb Smith, Aaron Hichards, Timothy Syms, Daniel 
Thane, Thomas Arthur, Enos Ayres, Elihu Spencer, William Tounent, Richard 
Treat, Charles Beatty, Thomas Lewis, Daniel Lawrence, Timothy Allen, Israel 
Read, Samuel Finly, Simon Horton. 

Ehlers : John Smith, David Ray, John Lyle. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Silvanus White, Samuel Bewel, James McCrea, 
Gilbert Tennent, Job Pruddon, Samuel Sacket, Andrew Hunter, James Daven- 
port, Samuel Blair, John Blair, John Roan, Charles Tennent, Andrew Bay, 
Samuel Davis, John Rogers, James Campbell, Andrew Sterling, Alexander 
Hutchinson. 

Mr. ]*rime chosen moderator, Mr. Smith clerk. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon preached by Mr. Cummins from Rom. 
viii. 15. 

The Rev. Mr. Eleazer Wales is removed by death since our last session. 

Adjourned till two of the clock, post meridiem. Concluded with prayer. 

Two of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra 

The minutes of the Synod since their first erection being, according to the 
order of our last, brought into the Synod, they appoint IMr. Treat to transcribe 
them into a book that they be not lost, and that he be henceforth their stated 
clerk for that purpose. 

The reasons given by the present members of their absence the last session 
were sustained. 

The aifair of the union with the Synod of Philadelphia, came under consid- 
eration, and the Synod appoints Messrs. Treat, William Tennent, Einly, Green, 
and Spencer, to be a committee to draw up proposals upon that head to be 
brought in at their next sederunt. 

The High Dutch congregation of Rockway, in the township of Lebanon, 
applied to the Synod that they may be taken under the care of this Synod, and 
that a certain person now preaching among them may be taken under oxamina^ 
tion, and if approved, ordained a minister to them. The Synod, in order to clear 
their way to transact any thing with said people, do appoint I\Ir. Pemberton to 
make inquiry of the Dutch ministers in New York, whether said pcojile do 
belong to their jurisdiction ; and he is to acquaint a committee of the Synod 
how that matter is. And the Synod appoints Messrs. Pierson, Burr, Arthur, 
Smith, and Spencer, their committee, to sit at such time and place as they 
shall appoint, and transact in said affair, according as things shall then appear to 
tliem. 

Upon a representation made by Mr. Beatty of the necessitous circumstances 



1750.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 243 

of the congregation of Cape May, and their earnest request that some minister, 
or candidate, might be sent down to them and settle with them, the Synod ap- 
points Mr. Davenport to go and spend the winter with them for that purpose, 
if consistent with his affairs. 

Adjourned till eight of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

2Sth dai/, at eight of the dock, A. 31. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Messrs. Pemberton, Pierson, Burr, Arthur, Gilbert and William Ten- 
nent. Treat, Finly, Samuel and John Blair, Azariah Horton, Brown, and 
the modei'ator, are appointed to be a commission of the Synod for this 
year. 

The Synod making inquiry how the several appointments for Virginia have 
been fulfilled, do find that Mr. Davenport has been there, and that Mr. Todd is 
licensed, and preparing speedily to go ; but that the other appointments by one 
means or other have failed. 

The committee according to appointment, brought in a draught of proposals 
for an union with the Synod of Philadelphia, which the Synod approve, and 
they are as follow, viz. 

1. That every member assent unto and receive the Westminster Confession 
of Faith and Catechisms, as the confession of his faith, according to the plan 
formerly mentioned and proposed, and also agree to the Directory as the general 
plan of worship and discipline. 

2. That all matters shall be determined by a majority of votes, to which 
determination all shall submit ; but if any member or members cannot, in con- 
science submit to any particular act or determination of the body, he or they 
shall be obliged, after sufficient liberty of reasoning and modest remonstration, 
to withdraw from our Synodical communion. Provided always, that this last 
article shall not extend to any cases but such as the Synod shall judge to be 
essential in doctrine, worship, or discipline. 

3. That it shall be treated as a censurable misconduct, for any member to 
charge any of his brethren with errors in doctrine or immorality in conversar 
tion, except in a way of private reproof or judicial process. And that none shall 
be judicially condemned or censured without a fair trial and process, according 
to the known rules of our discipline. 

4. That no candidate shall be taken upon trials by any Presbytery, without 
a degree or a certificate from the president, and a sufficient number of the tutors 
or trustees of some college, testifying to the sufficiency of his learning ; except 
in cases extraordinary, in which the Presbyteries shall be accountable to the 
Synod for their conduct. 

5. That it shall be treated as irregular, for any minister or candidate to preach 
or perform other ministerial offices in the congregations of other ministers be- 
longing to our body, contrary to their minds. On the other hand it shall be 
esteemed unbrotherly for any minister to refuse his consent, (without weighty 
reasons,) when amicably desired. 

6. That all the several Presbyteries belonging to both Synods respectively, 
shall continue distinct Presbyteries as now they are, and that the several con- 
gregations and vacancies may continue to be under the same Presbyteries as at 
present. 

7. That the protestation made in the Synod of Philadelphia in the year 
1741, be declared henceforth void and of none effect, and that the proposed union 
shall not be understood to imply an agreement or consent to said protestation 
on the part of this Synod. 

8. Forasmuch as this Synod doth believe, (as they have before declared,) that 



244 MINUTES OF THE [1751. 

a glorious work of Grod's Spirit was cai'ried on in the late religious appear- 
ances, (though we doubt not but there were several follies and extravagan- 
cies of people, and artifices of Satan intermixed therewith,) it would be pleasing 
and desirable to us, and what we hope for, that both Synods may come 
so far to agree in their sentiments about it, as to give their joint testimony 
thereto. 

Ordered, That Mr. Treat, the stated clerk, transcribe those proposals and 
deposit a true copy thereof in the hands of INIr. Samuel Hazard of Philadelphia, 
to be delivered to the Synod of Philadelphia, or their order, when he shall have 
received their proposals. 

The Synod adjourned to the day after the commencement the ensuing year, 
and then to sit at Newark. Concluded with prayer. 



1751. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Newark, September 2Qth, 1751. U hi post prcces sederunt 

Ministers of Suffolk Presbytery : Messrs. Ebenezer Prime and Azariah 
Horton. 

Of the New York Presbytery : Messrs. John Pierson, Ebenezer Peraberton, 
Simon Ilorton, Aaron Burr, James Davenport, David Bostwick, Jacob Green, 
Caleb Smith, John Braincrd, Elihu Spencer, Daniel Thane, Euos Ayres, John 
Moffett, Chauncey Graham. 

Of the Presbytery of New Brunswick : Messrs. William Tennent, Richard 
Treat, Charles McKnight, Charles Beatty, Eliab Byram, Thomas Lewis, 
Andrew Hunter, Daniel Lawrence, Israel Bead, Samuel Kennedy, Benjamin 
Chesnutt. 

Of the Presbytery of New Castle : Messrs. James Campbell, Samuel Finly, 
John Blair, Samuel Davis, John Rogers. Mr. John Smith correspondent. 

Elders : Messrs. John Ball, John Henderson, Anthony Scout, Hugh IMar- 
ten, John Kirkpatrick, Philip Celsel, Allin Killock, Daniel Morris, Aaron 
Trueheart, Jonathan Holms, Elias Bayley. 

Ministers absent. Of Long Island Presbytery: Messrs. Silvanus White, 
James Brown, Samuel Bewel, Naphtali Dagget, David Youngs, Samuel 
Saekett. 

Of New York IVesbytery : Messrs. Timothy Syms, Timothy Jones, John 
Grant, Aaron Richards, Alexander Cummins, Jonathan Elmore. 

Of New Brunswick ]*resbytery : IMessrs. Gilbert Tennent, James McCrea, 
Timothy Allen, Job Prudden, John Campbell, John Todd. 

Of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Charles Tennent, John Roan, Andrew 
Sterling, Andrew Bay, Hugh Henry. 

Mr. John Blair chosen moderator, Mr. Byram clerk. 

Mr. Prime, the last year's moderator, opened the Synod by a sermon from 
Psiil. cii. IG. 

The Rev. 3Iessrs. Samuel Blair and Thomas Arthur, arc departed this life 
since the last Synod. 

A petition was sent into the Synod by the trustees of the college of New 
Jersey, desiring that the Rev. 3lr. Ebenezer Pemberton might be appointed 
to make a voyage to Europe to solicit benefactions for said college ; and like- 
wise, requesting that some members of the S3'nod might be appointed to go 
immediately to New York, to treat with INIr. Pembertoji's congregation upon 
said affair. The Synod taking this matter into consiileration, do appoint Messrs. 
Aaron Burr, Richard Treat, William Tennent, and Samuel Davis, to be a com- 



1751.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 245 

mittee to go immediately to New York, and treat with Mr. Pemberton's con- 
gregation upon said aifair. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, post meridiem. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the dock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The excuses of Messrs. Hunter, Davenport, James Campbell, Rogers, and 
the moderator, for their absence from the last Synod, are sustained. 

The committee to whom the affair of the Dutch congregation of Rockway 
was referred the last Synod, do make report, that difficulties arising in their 
way from time to time, they have not been able to do any thing in it. And 
application beiug again made to the Synod by said congregation, desiring they 
would take the said affair under their care ; the Synod do refer it to the Pres- 
bytery of New Brunswick, to transact in it according as they shall judge beat, 
when matters are fully laid before them. 

The Synod find that Mr. Davenport fulfilled his appointment in going to 
Cape May. 

Messrs. Pierson, Pemberton, Burr, Spencer, Gilbert and William Tennent, 
Treat, Finly, Rogers, Prime, Azariah Horton, Brown, and the moderator, are 
appointed to be a commission of the Synod for the ensuing year. 

Proposals of accommodation from the Synod of Philadelphia, (in compli- 
ance with the agreement of the commissions of both Synods at Trenton, men- 
tioned in the preceding minutes, page 23,) were brought into the Synod 
and read, the consideration of which deferred till the next sederunt. [See 
page 204.] 

The Synod understanding that one Vandreron, a Dutch preacher, going from 
place to place, does much disturb some of our congregations, and being a person 
of gross enormities and scandals, the Synod judge it to be their duty to ad- 
monish all the people under their care to avoid the said Vandreron, and give no 
countenance to his preaching. 

Adjourned to to-morrow morning, at nine of the clock. Concluded with 
prayer. 

21 th day, at nine of the clock, A. 31. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Mr. Prime absent, having obtained leave to go home. 

The Synod being informed of certain misrepresentations concerning the con- 
stitution, order, and discipline of our churches, industriously spread by some 
of the members of the Dutch congregations, interspersed among or bordering 
upon us, with design to prevent occasional or constant communion of their 
members with our churches ; to obviate all such misrepresentations, and to 
cultivate a good understanding between us and our brethren of the Dutch 
churches, we do hereby declare and testify our constitution, order, and dis- 
cipline, to be in harmony with the established church of Scotland. The West- 
minster Confession, Catechisms, and Directory for public worship and church 
government adopted by them, are in like manner received and adopted by us. 
We declare ourselves united with that church in the same faith, order, and 
discipline. Its approbation, countenance, and favour, we have abundant tes- 
timonies of. They, as brethren, receive us ; and their members, we, as oppor- 
tunity offers, receive as ours. And as the church of Scotland, and the Re- 
formed churches abroad, agreeable to the Geneva Platform, hold a ready and 
free communion with each other, so we also desire the same with our brethren 
of the Dutch and French churches, interspersed amongst and bordering 
upon us. 

The exigencies of the great affair of propagating the gospel among the hea- 



246 MINUTES OF THE [1751. 

then, being represented unto the Synod, the Synod, in order to promote so 
important and valuable a design, do enjoin all their members to appoint a col- 
lection in their several congregations once every year, to be applied for that 
purpose ; and that the money raised by such collections be yearly sent to the 
Synod. 

The Synod do, moreover, recommend to all their members, as far as prudence 
may direct, to make another annual collection for the support of young stu- 
dents, whose circumstances render them incapable to maintain themselves at 
learning, and for other charitable purposes; which contributions shall be at the 
disposal of such respective Presbyteries where they are made. 

A petition of a number of the members of the Presbytery of New Bruns- 
wick, praying to be erected into a distinct Presbytery, was brought into the 
Synod, the further consideration of it deferred till the next sederunt. 

A petition from a number of the inhabitants of Tinnicum or Tehicken, pray- 
ing for liberty for supplies at the place called the Old House. The Synod, 
after hearing what they had to offer in support of said petition, and after con- 
sideration thereon, do unanimously reject said petition. 

The consideration of the proposals of the Synod of Philadelphia in order to 
union, taken under consideration, and the Synod appoint Messrs. Pierson, 
Finly, Smith, Beatty, and the moderator, to draw up an answer and lay it be- 
fore the Synod the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



Three of the clock, P. Jf. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The consideration of the petition of some members of the Presbytery of 
New Brunswick was resumed, and after hearing what they had to offer in 
support thereof, the Synod agree to grant said petition, and do erect that part 
of the Presbytery of New Brunswick that live in Pennsylvania, together with 
those who live in New Jersey, to the southward of Philadelphia, bordering 
upon Delaware, into a distinct Presbytery by the name of the Presbytery of 
Abington, and also appoint their first meeting to be at Philadelphia the third 
Wednesday in May next. 

The committee appointed to draw up something in answer to the proposals 
of the Synod of Philadelphia, laid before the Synod what they had done, which 
the Synod approve, and is as follows, viz. 

The proposals of the Synod of Philadelphia for union with this Synod were 
opened and read. The Synod after deliberate perusal of them arc pleased in 
observing any steps taken towards the uniting the two Synods, and that our 
brethren of the l^hiladelphia Synod profess a peaceable disposition, and deter- 
mine to concur with our proposals as closely and as far as they can, in their 
present view of things. But as they have not seen fit to comply with some 
of the particulars proposed by us so closely as we could have wished, we 
judge it becomes our professions, and our endeavours for peace, to be candidly 
open and free in pointing out those things from which we disagree in their pre- 
sent plan of accommodation. 

1. Though the Synod should make no acts but concerning matters of plain 
duty, or opinions relating to the great truths of religion, yet as every thing 
that appears plain duty and truth unto the body, may ajipear at the same time 
not to be essential, so we judge that no member or members should be obliged 
to withdraw from our communion upon his or their not being able actively to 
concur, or passively submit, unless the matter be judged essential iu doctrine 
or discipline. 

2. We cannot agree that all the public and fundamental agreements of the 



1752.J SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 247 

Synod of Philadelphia should stand safe, if this is understood to extend to 
agreements made by said Synod since the rupture happened. 

3. We cannot see that it will consist with the peace and edification of the 
church to use any coercive measures to oblige people to be under the ministry 
of those whom they do not choose, or to dissolve and new model Presby- 
teries. 

4. Seeing by the goodness of Divine Providence we have now a college 
erected, we see no necessity for the alternative of the Synod or their commis- 
sion examining candidates before they be admitted to Presbyterial trials. 

As the Synod of Philadelphia had not our last proposals before them when 
they drew up the present plan of accommodation, we refer them to said pro- 
posals, as to what we further desire in order to our union with them. 

Ordered, That the clerk send an attested copy of the above to Mr. Samuel 
Hazard, of Philadelphia, to be delivered to the moderator of the Synod at 
Philadelphia. .. 

The distressing circumstances of Virginia being represented to the Synod," 
they appoint Mr Greenman to go into Virginia as soon as possibly he can, and 
supply there for some time. 

A motion being made to the Synod by Mr. Davis, of the necessity of send- 
ing to England an account relating to the dissenting interest in Virginia, the 
Synod does order that a representation of the circumstances of the Presby- 
terian congregations in that colony be made and signed in the name of the 
Synod, by Messrs. Burr and Pemberton, to Dr. Doddridge and Dr. Avery, and 
also a certificate of Mr. Davis's character. 

The committee sent to New York by the Synod on the petition of the trus- 
tees of the college, returned and reported that their attempts were to no pur- 
pose in the afiuir of their mission. 

Adjourned to the day after the commencement of the ensuing year, and then 
to meet at Newark. Concluded with prayer. 

1753. 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Nervark, September 2Sfh, 1752. Ubi sederunt post j^reces, 

Ministers : Messrs. John Pierson, Ebenezer Pemberton, Simon Horton, 
Aaron Burr, James Davenport, Jacob Green, David Bostwick, Caleb Smith, 
John Brainerd, Elihu Spencer, Daniel Thane, Chauncey Graham, William 
Tenuent, Andrew Hunter, Timothy Allen, Israel Read, Eliab Byram, Thomas 
Lewis, Richard Ti-eat, Charles Beatty, Daniel Lawrence, Samuel Finly, Aza- 
riah Horton, Aaron Richards, Alexander Cummins, Job Prudden, Conrad 
Worts, John Grant, Naphtali Dagget. 

Elders : James Kilburn, Joseph Kerr. 

Ministers absent : Enos Ayers, John MofFort, Timothy Jones, Jonathan 
Elmore, Charles McKnight, James McCrea, Samuel Kennedy, John Todd, 
Gilbert Tennent, Benjamin Chesnutt, John Campbell, James Campbell, John 
Blair, John Rogers, Charles Tennent, John Roan, Andrew Sterling, Andrew 
Bay, Hugh Henry, Ebenezer Prime, Silvanus White, Samuel Bewel, James 
Brown, Samuel Sacket, James Finly, Robert Smith. 

Mr. Treat chosen moderator, Mr. Samuel Finly clerk. 

Our last year's moderator being absent the Rev. IMr. Jonathan Edwards, 
at the request of the members, opened the Synod with a sermon on James 
ii. 19. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



248 MINUTES OF THE [1752. 

Tliree of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Rev. David Youngs has departed this life since our last. 

Mr. Cummins, Mr. Richards, Mr. Grant, Mr. Dagget, Mr. Allen, and Jlr. 
Prudden, gave the reasons of their absence the last Synod, which were sus- 
tained. 

According to appointment of Synod, the Presbytery of New Brunswick 
examined the affair of the Dutch congregation at Rockway, and ordained Mr. 
Worts to be their minister. 

Messrs. Pierson, Pemberton, Burr, Spencer, Gilbert and William Tennent, 
Finly, Rogers, Prime, Azariah Ilorton, Brown, and the moderator, are ap- 
pointed to be a commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

Inquiry into the affair of the collection for the Indians, appointed the last 
Synod, deferred until another sederunt. 

The clerk reports that he complied with the order of sending an attested 
copy of our last year's proposals to ]Mr. Hazard, to be given in to the Synod 
of Philadelphia ; in consequence of which, and the proposals of this Synod in 
the year 1750, the Synod of Philadelphia sent a letter of remarks and propo- 
sals, which being read, the consideration of them deferred till to-morrow. 
[See page 205.] 

Mr. Greenman's reasons for his not going to Virginia, according to the ap- 
pointment of the last Synod, are sustained. 

The Rev. Messrs. Jonathan Edwards, John Smith, and Hopkins, being 

present, do join as correspondents. 

A reference from the Presbytery of New York concerning some matters of 
difference among the members of the Presbyterian congregation of New York, 
which were laid before said Presbytery, was brought into the Synod, and after 
hearing many things in relation thereto, the Synod deferred the further exami- 
nation thereof till the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

29 dai/, at nine of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Only Mr. Lewis departed without leave. 

The Synod proceeded to make inquiry concerning the collection for the 
Indians, and it was found that all the members present made collections except 
Messrs. William Tennent, Davenport, Byram, Beatty, Richards, Grant, Dagget, 
Simon Horton, and Read, who propose afterwards to collect and send their 
collections to Mr. Brainerd. Ordered, also, th;rt the collections brought to the 
Synod be paid into the hands of 3Ir. Brainerd, to be disposed of by the corre- 
spondents for the Indian affairs. 

A motion being made to the Synod by the trustees of the college of New 
Jersey to obtain a public collection from all the congregations belonging to the 
Synod, and the Synod having taken the matter into consideration, do unani- 
mously approve the motion, and earnestly recommend it to all the I'resbyteries 
to see that every one of their members do endeavour to collect money in their 
respective congregations for that purpose; and also in vacancies, where they 
have opportunity so to do ; and the Synod order, that all other pul)lic collec- 
tions before appointed by them to be annually observed, be suspended on that 
account. 

The Synod do likewi.se order that the said collection for the cidlege be 
made betwixt this time and May next, and that an account of what is gathered 
by every Presbytery, be transmitted to the President of the college by each 
Presbytery. 



1752.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 249 

The consideration of the proposals of the Synod of Philadelphia, in order to 
an union, further deferred. 

The affair of the reference from the Presbytery of New York reassumed, and 
the pleas of all parties being fully heard, the Synod defer the judicial determi- 
nation thereof till the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till half an hour after two of the clock, P. M. Concluded with 
prayer. 

Half an hour after two, P. M. Post preces sederv.nt qui supra. 

Mr. Davis is come to the Synod ; his not coming in the beginning of this 
session occasioned by mistaking the time of their meeting. 

The Synod agree to desire the Ilev. Mr. Edwards to publish his sermon 
preached before them. 

Upon a representation of the destitute circumstances of Virginia, &c. the 
Synod appoint Mr. Grreenmau and Mr. Robert Henry, to go there some time 
betwixt this and the next Synod. 

Whereas a certain person pretending at Egg Harbour to be a minister regu- 
larly ordained among the Presbyterians, and under that character baptized 
some adults and infants, and it appearing to the Synod that his pretences 
were false, having at that time no license^ or ordination, it is our opinion that 
all the gospel ordinances he administered under that false and pretended char- 
acter are null and invalid. 

The proposals of the Synod of Philadelphia came to be considered, and the 
Synod finding they had not time to go through with them this session, agreed 
upon the following answer, to be sent to them by the stated clerk. 

Very Reverend and dear Brethren : We have received your letter. The 
great crowd of Synodical affairs now upon our hands, renders it impossible for 
us to give it that attentive examination which the importance of the affair 
requires. We shall endeavour, as soon as we have opportunity, to give it a 
calm and deliberate consideration, and hope we shall return you such an an- 
swer as shall give you convincing evidence, that we entertain the most affec- 
tionate desires of peace and union upon such a bottom as may contribute to the 
edification and comfort of all our churches. In the mean time, it is our sincere 
inclination to evidence towards you all proper and friendly regards. 

The affair of New York referred to the Synod as before mentioned, and heard 
at length, reassumed in order to a judgment, and the Synod having seriously 
and deliberately considered the sundry articles of debate and complaint laid 
before them, came into the following conclusions : 

1. That the building, ground, &c. conveyed from the General Assembly of 
the Church of Scotland to the Presbyterian Society in New York, belong to 
Presbyterians without distinction of name or nation, who conform to the 
general plan of the Church of Scotland as practised by the Synod of New York. 

2. That it is not inconsistent with the Presbyterian plan of government, nor 
the institution of our Lord Jesus Christ, that trustees, or a committee chosen 
by the congregation, should have the disposal and application of the public 
money raised by said congregation, to the uses for which it was designed ; pro- 
vided that they leave in the hands and to the management of the deacons, what 
is collected for the Lord's table and the poor. And that ministers of the 
gospel, by virtue of their office, have no right to sit with or preside over such 
trustees or committees. 

3. That it appears to the Synod, that the trustees of said church have faith- 
fully discharged the trust reposed in them, with respect to its temporalities, 
much to its advantage. 

4. That as to the articles of complaint brought against Mr. Cumming, it 

32 



250 MINUTES OF THE [1753. 

appears to the Svnod, that he lias been necessarily hindered from performing 
his part in public service, by his low state of health ; but they judge it his 
duty to discharge it according to his call when his health will admit; and 
when he is disabled, he should desire INIr. Pemberton to officiate in his room. 
That his insisting on a right to sit with the trustees in their conventions about 
the temporal affairs of the congregation, was not a violation of his ordination 
vows, which respect only the work of the ministry, although they judge he 
acted imprudently in so doing. That he is to be commended for insisting on 
persons praying in their families, who present their children to baptism; but 
inasmuch as it appears expedient, that the same form of covenanting should 
be used in the same church ; the Synod do, therefore, recommend it to Mr. 
Pemberton and Mr. Gumming, to consult with the committee hereafter to be 
mentioned about a form that they can both agree in. 

5. That the said church proceed as soon as may be, to the choice of elders 
to join with their ministers in the government and discipline of the church ; 
and that the committee hereafter to be appointed do nominate the persons to be 
chosen, and determine the number. 

6. That as to the methods taken to introduce a new version of the psalms 
in the public worship, the Synod judge it to be disorderly, and always to be 
discountenanced, when the parties in matters of debate in a church do carry 
about private subscriptions. , 

7. That as to the introduction of a new version of psalms, the Synod hath 
not light at present to determine, but do impower the committee to recom- 
mend Dr. Watts's version, if upon observation of circumstances they think it 
proper. 

And the Synod do appoint the Rev. Messrs. Samuel Davis, Samuel Finly, 
and Charles Beatty, to be a committee to go immediately to New York, and 
direct and assist the Presbyterian congregation of New York in such affairs as 
may contribute to their peace and edification. 

Adjourned to the first Wednesday of October, 1753, and then to meet at 
Philadelphia at three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

1753. 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Ph'dadcljiiMa, October 3(7, 1753. Uhi jwat preces sederunt 

IMinisters of New York Presbytery : Messrs. Azariah Horton, Timothy Jones, 
Timothy Allen, David Dostwick, John Brainerd, Elihu Spencer. 

Of Suffolk Presbytery : Mr. James Brown. 

Of New Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. William Tcnnent, Charles IMcKuight, 
Eliab Byram, Thomas Lewis, Israel Read, Samuel Kennedy, Conradus Wort. 

Of Abington Presbytery : Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Richard Treat, Charles 
Beatty, Andrew Hunter, Daniel Lawrence, Benjamin Chcsnutt. 

Of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Charles Tennent, Samuel Finly, James 
Campbel, James Davenport, Evander Morrison, Samuel Davis, Andrew Bay, 
John Rogers, Hugh Henry, Robert Smith, James Finly, John Todd. 

Elders : Messrs. Jacob Bedel, Robert Cummins, Hugh Marten, John Roy, 
Thomas Coon, Robert English, David Chambers, William Adams, Richard 
Walker, Jonathan Holmes, William JMcCrea, John Vandyke, Francis Alexan- 
der, Samuel Jamison, William Buchanan. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. John Pierson, Ebcnczer Pemberton, Simon Hor- 
ton, Aamn ]}urr, John Smith, Silas Leonard, Jacob Green, Aaron Richards, 
Caleb Sniitli, Enos Ayres, Chauncey Graham, Alexander Cummins, John 
Moffett, Daniel Thane, Jonathan Elmore, Ebeuezer Prime, Silvanus White, 



1753.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 251 

Joseph Park, Samuel Sacket, John Maltby, Samuel Bewel, Napthali Dagget, 
James McCrea, Samuel Harker, Job Prudden, Alexander Hutchinson, Alex- 
ander Craighead; John Eoan, John Blair, Andrew Stirling, John Wright, 
Robert Henry. 

Messrs. John Grant and John Campbell, have departed this life since our 
last Synod. 

The Synod was opened by Mr. Treat, the last year's moderator, by a sermon, 
on Heb. iii. 2. 

Mr. Samuel Finly was chosen moderator, Mr. Bostwick chosen clerk. 

Mr. Davis and Mr. Rogers were appointed to revise the Synod's book against 
the next sederuvt. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

AitTi day., at nine of the clock, A. 31. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Mr. Davis and Mr. Rogers complied with the appointment of the last sede- 
runt in revising the Synod book, and brought their remarks, which the Synod 
approved. 

The Synod do appoint, that Mr. Treat, who is the stated clerk, be allowed 
three pounds per annum, for his service in transcribing the minutes in their 
proper order into the Synod book ; and that every minister endeavour to bring 
ten shillings annually, to defray the above mentioned charge, and for other 
exigencies that may happen, and that the same be lodged in the hands of Mr. 
Treat as the Synod's treasurer. 

Messrs. Jones, McKnight, Todd, Kennedy, Gilbert Tennent, Rogers, Ches- 
nutt, James Campbel, Charles Tennent, Bay, Hugh Henry, Silvanus White, 
and James Finly, gave the reasons for their absence the last year, which were 
sustained. 

The following ministers were absent the last year as well as at this present 
meeting : Messrs. Enos Ayres, John MoflFet, Jonathan Elmore, James McCrea, 
John Blair, John Roan, Andrew Sterling, Ebenezer Prime, Samuel Bewel. 

The Synod order, that the last mentioned members be called to account for 
their absence. 

Messrs. Pierson, Pemberton, Burr, Spencer, William and Charles Tennent, 
Treat, Rogers, Prime, Brown, Azariah Horton, and the moderator, are appointed 
to be a commission of the Synod for the ensuing year. 

The Synod, upon inquiry concerning the collection appointed for the use 
of the college, do find they cannot go through with said affair, by reason of 
the absence of divers of their members, and do, therefore, refer it to each of 
their Presbyteries to make inquiry of each of their members, touching their 
compliance with said appointment, and take due care that their respective 
members do comply with it accordingly, and give an account of their conduct 
to the next Synod. 

The Synod do appoint each of their Presbyteries to bring their Presbytery 
books to the next Synod in order to be examined. 

The affair of union with the Synod of Philadelphia, referred to this Synod 
by our last, deferred to the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the cIocJc, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of the union was brought under consideration, and the last pro- 
posals from the Synod of Philadelphia, &c. were read, and the Synod do ap- 
point Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Davis, and the moderator, to prepare an answer 
thereto, and lay it before the Synod the next sederunt. 



252 MINUTES OF THE [1753 

The committee appointed by the last Synod to go to New York to direct 
and assist the Presbyterian congregation in affairs relating to their peace and 
edification, make report of their compliance with said appointment. The 
minutes of their proceedings being laid before the Synod, are approved, and are 
as follows, viz. 

"iVcMJ York, October 2d, 1752. 

" The committee appointed by the Synod to direct and assist the Presbyte- 
rian congregation of New York in such affairs as contribute to their peace and 
satisfaction, met, iihi post preccs sederunt, Messrs. Samuel Finly, Charles Beatty, 
and Samuel Davis. 

" Mr. Finley was chosen moderator, and Mr. Davis clerk. 

" Ordered, That the minutes of the Synod containing their conclusions con- 
cerning the affair referred unto them by the Presbytery be read. 

" The committee after the best inquiry they could make into the circum- 
stances of the congregation, do conclude that but two persons should at pre- 
sent be chosen to sustain the office of elders, and that Messi's. David Van- 
horn, and Israel Horsfield are proper persons for that purpose, and they do 
accordingly nominate the said persons to that office ; and give public notice, 
that if any of the members of said congregation have any sufficient objections 
against either of them, they would bring them into the committee in the 
afternoon. 

" Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

" TJiree of the cIocJc, P. M. ULi post preces sederunt qui supra. 

" Messrs. Vanhorn and Horsfield being spoken unto by the committee, and 
the peculiar exigency of the case being represented unto them, they consented 
to accept of the office for which they are nominated ; and the congregation 
brought in no objections against them, but signified their consent by holding up 
their hands. 

" The committee after careful inquiry and deliberation, do conclude, from 
the best views of the present disposition of affairs they can attain, that it is not 
expedient at present, judicially to recommend a change of the version of 
Psalms, lest the animosities in the congregation should be more inflamed ; but 
they most earnestly recommend moderation, forbearance, and condescension to 
both parties, till such times as by the use of proper measures, they shall come 
to an agreement among themselves. Concluded with prayer." 

Application was made to the Synod in behalf of the trustees of the Col- 
lege of New Jersey, requesting the Synod to appoint two of their members 
viz. Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, and Samuel Davies, to take a voyage to Europe 
on the important affairs of said college; to which the Synod unanimously 
consent. 

The congregation of Philadelphia, under the care of Mr. Tennent, requested 
that in the absence of their pastor, they may be supplied with such members 
of the Synod as they shall choose, till their next meeting; which was unani- 
mously agreed unto. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

b(h day, at nine of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui svpra. 
The committee appointed by the Synod to draw up an answer to the letter 



1753.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 253 

sent to them by the Synod of Philadelphia, on the affair of the union, brought 
in said answer, which being read before the Synod, was approved, and is as 
follows, viz. 

Reverend and dear Brethren, — Your remarks on our proposals for an union 
of the two Synods we have diligently perused, and must say, that some of them, 
at least, were unexpected to us. Our first proposals contained some generals ; 
■which, being too much so, were misconstrued by some on both sides. How- 
ever, when the commissioners of both Synods met at Trenton, they easily saw 
that it was necessary, and accordingly agreed to be particular in their proposals 
for the future. For this reason we mentioned all those particulars which we 
desired might be conceded, or at least canvassed, when we come to confer more 
closely on the affair. And if matters are duly recollected, we presume that it 
will appear we have not receded from our own proposals in any particular. 

1. We did propose that all former differences, upon our union, should be 
buried in perpetual oblivion. And we also proposed that the protestation en- 
tered in the Synod in the year 1741, should particularly be buried in oblivion, 
being declared void and of none effect. Nor can we see any inconsistency in pro- 
posing the general, and afterwards a particular contained under it. For so 
we viewed the matter. Now the protest must either be declared void, or not 
be buried in oblivion. As you declare it to be a judicial act, it must stand in 
full force and virtue unless it be nullified by an equal act. And thus our 
uniting without its repeal, would be an implicit approbation of it, contrary to 
our judgment. And further, your " looking upon the design of the protesta- 
tion answered" by your terms of union, seems to favour what we heard was 
reported by some of your number, viz. that the protest was to be confirmed, 
and we to be received on that footing ; which was given by the commission of 
our Synod at Trenton, as the reason of their mentioning said protest in parti- 
cular. Nor have we any further design in insisting that it be declared void 
and of none effect, but that our uniting may not imply our approbation of it. 
And we think that your continuing to declare that "you are well satisfied 
that the protestation was made on sufiicient and justifiable grounds, and that 
you are not, in the least, convinced that the Synod acted wrong in said 
step," is far from being an inducement to unite without an express repeal 
thereof. 

2. As to the inconsistency mentioned in the second article, between our 
proposing that all differences should be buried in oblivion, and all names of 
distinction abolished, and our insisting that Presbyteries and congregations 
should continue as they are, we must remind you that both these particulars 
were expressly inserted in our first proposals, which you yourselves concluded 
to be pacific ; and we could not have expected that this would now be consid- 
ered as a receding further from an union, and from our own proposals in order 
thereto. Nor can we yet see that it is an inconsistency in fact, all things con- 
sidered. For why might there not be an union of the two Synods, so that 
we might all be considered as one body, though Presbyteries and congrega- 
tions continue as they are ? If it seems a jarring concord, as we proposed it, 
it would be more so to force people into it faster than they have clearness to 
go. If then, we proposed an union on the best terms and footing that cir- 
cumstances would allow, our proposals were most consistent in fact. And 
though the "concessions of our delegates, and our former proposals viz. that 
congregations as they are at present, should belong to the same Presbyteries 
they now do, till a favourable opportunity of an advantageous alteration might 
give you ground to apprehend that we would assent to the uniting of Pres- 
byteries," yet it could not give ground to apprehend we would do so until 
that favourable opportunity presents, which we did not apprehend could be 
immediately upon the union of the Synods, much less antecedent thereto. 



254 MINUTES OF THE [1753. 

So that we have not in the least receded from our former concessiou in this 
point. 

8. Our professing that mutual forbearance as to different sentiments respect- 
ing the late religious appearances, was our duty, since we all profess the 
same confession of faith and directory for Avorship; and our desiring and hop- 
ing for a joint testimony to the late glorious work of God, are not inconsistent, 
inasmuch as the mariner in which we have proposed this particular is differ- 
ent from that of the others. And though it would be inconsistent with our 
former judgment, peremptorily to insist on it as a term of union, yet it's not 
inconsistent to speak of it, and desire an agreement about it, and leave room 
to make trial how far we could agree therein ; and this was our design in that 
particular. And if we could agree to unite in other things, it cannot be denied 
but agreement in a matter of that importance would be desirable and worth 
attempting. And as we know not but upon friendly conference about it, the 
difference perhaps would not be so great as it has seemed, we thought it might 
very well be proposed in the manner in which we have done it. At the same 
time it is also plain that there is no inconsistency between our present pro- 
posal and our declared sentiments, that difference in judgment should not oblige 
a dissenting member to withdraw from our communion, unless the matter were 
judged by the body to be essential in doctrine or discipline. And this we 
must own is an important article with us, which we cannot any way dispense 
with; and it appears to us to be strictly Christian and scriptural, as well as 
Presbyterian, otherwise we must make every thing that appears plain duty to 
us, a term of communion, which we apprehend the Scripture prohibits. And 
it appears plain to us that there may be many opinions relating to the great 
truths of religion, that are not great themselves, nor of sufficient importance to 
be made terms of communion. Nor can these sentiments '* open a door to an 
unjustifiable latitude in principles and practices," any more than the apostolic 
prohibition of receiving those that are weak to doubtful disputations. What is 
plain sin and plain duty in one's account, is not so in another's; and the Synod 
has still in their power to judge what is essential and what is not. In order 
to prevent an unjustifiable latitude, we must not make terms of communion 
which Christ has not made; and we are convinced that he hath not made every 
truth and every duty a term. 

As to the true stating of what we believe to be the glorious work of God's 
Spirit in the late religious appearances, that we judged, and do judge, could 
properly be done when both Synods came to confer about it. Though our 
public prints have not been silent on that head. Nor have we loft even " the 
more simjile and ignorant," who inclined to give heed to us, without the means 
of distinguishing between *' the work of God's Spirit and their own follies, or 
the artifices of Satan." So that if they yet "continue in the mistake," it is 
not of us. 

4. As to " the intrusions of disorderly ministers into your congregations, 
so that they are rendered incapable to perform their solemn engagements to 
their pastors," of which you complain, and also " that no regard was to be 
paid to your repeated desires and public votes, that young men should have 
certificates from some college," without retorting to the former, we only ob- 
serve that these complaints are proper if we are to overhaul old debates, and 
come to be judged before you; but permit us to request that they may not 
come into pacific proposals; for, as each side pretend to justify themselves in 
many things of which the other accuses, such criminations can have no pro- 
priety, nor tendency to peace and re-union, but rather to provoke recriminations, 
and are Imt a begging the question, or taking for granted what is in dispute. 
We have thought it our duty to avoid them as an incongruity, and inconsistent 
with our proposals. If we sincerely seek peace, let us speak and act so us 



1753.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. ' 255 

has a tendency to promote it, and none to subvert it. We do not presume 
to treat you as criminals on the present footing, and we expect to be treated 
as a judicature on equal ground. But were each side candidly disposed to 
make the utmost acknowledgments to the other, of past wrongs, which they 
possibly could with a clear judgment and conscience, then these things might 
properly be pointed out and proposed to consideration, and this might answer 
a valuable end. 

Ordered, That a copy of the above be sent to the Synod of Philadelphia, at 
their next session, by the Synod's stated clerk. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three o'clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Motion being made by William McCrea in behalf of the congregation at 
Whiteclay Creek, for a copy of the original plan of the constitution of this 
Synod, they order the same to be given them by their stated clerk. 

The like motion was made by David Chambers in behalf of the new erected 
Presbyterian congregation in Philadelphia, which was also granted. 

A representation being made to the Synod by Mr. Pemberton, and several 
members of the Presbyterian congregation in New York, of the divided state 
of said congregation, requesting the assistance of the Synod in their distressed 
case, the Synod do appoint Messrs. William Tennent, Samuel Davies, Aaron 
Burr, Caleb Smith, David Bostwick, Elihu Spencer, Richard Treat, Charles 
Beatty, and John Rogers, to be a committee to meet at New York on the 
fourth Wednesday of instant October, at ten of the clock, A. M., with full 
power and authority to transact such things with respect to said congregation, 
as they shall judge necessary for the healing of the divisions of said congrega- 
tion, and best interest of religion therein. 

It being moved to the Synod, what they judge necessary as to the form or 
method to be used in the administration of baptism, the Synod do refer to our 
excellent Directory in that case. 

It being further moved to the Synod, whether a church session hath power 
to introduce a new version of psalms into the congregation to which they belong, 
without the consent of the majority of said congregation; it was voted in the 
negative, nemine contradicente. 

A draught of an address from this Synod to the General Assembly of the 
Church of Scotland, was brought into the Synod and being read, the Synod 
appoint Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Spencer, Allen, and Treat, a committee to 
revise said draught and bring it in the next sederunt. 

The Synod do also appoint said committee to draw up certificates for Mr. 
Tennent and Mr. Davies. 

The Synod taking into consideration how to supply Mr. Davics's congrega- 
tion during his absence, do appoint Messrs. Blair, Bay, Henry, James Finly, 
and Rogers, and the particular seasons of their supplying to be adjusted and 
fixed by the Presbytery of New Castle to which they belong, and the Synod 
do appoint said Presbytery to supply their respective congregations in their 
absence as much as they can. And to assist therein, the Synod do appoint 
Mr. Lewis to supply two Sabbaths in Fag's Manuor, and one for the Forks of 
Brandywine before the next Synod. 

The Synod also appoint Mr. Lawrence to supply Mr. Henry's congrega- 
tion four Sabbaths, to begin with the third Sabbath in May. They alio ap- 
point Mr. Allen to supply St. George's four Sabbaths in April, beginning with 
the first. 

Adjourned to nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 



256 MINUTES OF THE [1753. 

6lh day, at nine of the clock. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod do recommend it to the several Presbyteries belonging to their 
body, to call those sessions to account that do not send elders to attend upon 
the Synod" and Presbyteries, and to enjoin these sessions to call those elders to 
an account that do not attend upon judicatories, when sent by them. 

For the supplying of Mr. Gilbert Tennent's congregation for this year, the 
Synod do appoint Mr. Treat to supply four Sabbaths in November, if need 
be; Mr. William Tennent the four first Sabbaths in December; Mr. Beatty 
the last Sabbath in December and the three first in January ; Mr. Charles 
Tennent the last Sabbath in January and the three first in February; Mr. 
Davenport the last Sabbath in February and the three first in March ; Mr. 
Greenman the two last Sabbaths in March ; Mr. Burr the four Sabbaths in 
April ; Mr. Penibertnn the four Sabbaths in May ; 3Ir. Finly the four first 
Sabbaths in June ; Mr. Greenman the last Sabbath in June and the first in 
July ; Mr. Cummins the three last in July and first in August ; Mr. Kennedy 
the three last in August and first in September; Mr. Spencer the three last in 
September and first in October; Mr. Bostwick the four last in October. 

The Synod do moreover appoint, that if any of these cannot fulfil said ap- 
pointments, the Presbytery to which they belong shall, without fail, send 
others in their stead. 

The Synod appoint the Presbytery of Suffolk, to supply New York and 
Jamaica in the absence of their ministers ; that is to say. New York the whole 
of the time, provided they were otherwise totally vacant, and Jamaica the one 
half of the time. 

The Synod also appoint that Mr. Spencer's congregation be supplied in his 
absence, the whole of the time, at the request of his excellency the governor. 

And that each Presbytery do, as much as they can, to supply the absence of 
their respective members. 

The Synod do appoint Mr. Brainerd to supply Hanover, in Virginia, the four 
last Sabbaths in March next. 

That Mr. Beatty supply three Sabbaths at Fag's Manor and in the Forks 
of Brandywine, before next Synod. 

Mr. Moffet is appointed to supply Mr. Beatty's congregation those three 
Sabbaths, and Mr. Horton is appointed to inform Mr. Moffet of the same, that 
he may seasonably acquaint Mr. Beatty when he can come. 

The committee appointed to revise the draught of the address to the General 
Assembly, presented the same, which being read was unanimously approved.* 

* A copy of the address to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. 

To the very venerable and honourable the moderator and other members of tlie Gene- 
ral Assembly of the Church of Scotland, to meet at Edinburgh, May, 1754. The peti- 
tion of the Synod of New York, convened at Philadelphia, October 3, 1753, humbly 
ehoweth: 

That a college has been lately erected in the province of New Jersey by his majesty's 
royal charter, in which a number of youth has been already educated, who are now the 
instruments of service to the church of God ; and which would be far more extensively 
beneficial were it brought to maturity. That after all the contributions tliat have been 
made to the said college, or can be raised in these parts, tlie fund is far from being 
sufiScient fur the erection of proper buildings, supporting the president and tutors, fur- 
nishing a library, and defraying other necessary expenses ; that the trustees of said 
college, who are zealous and active to promote it for the public good, have already sent 
their humble petition to this venerable house for some assistance in carrying on so im- 
portant a design; and also petitioned this Synod to appoint two of their members, the 
Rev. Messrs. Gilbert Tennent and Samuel Uavies, to undertake a voyage to Europe in 
behalf of said college. 

Your petitioners, therefore, most heartily concur in the said petition of the trustees to 



1753.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 257 

The same committee, according to appointment, produced a certificate for tlie 

the Reverend Assembly, and appoint the said Messrs. Tennent and Da vies to be their 
commissioners for that purpose. 

And as your petitioners apprehend the design of said petition to be of the utmost im- 
portance to the interests of learning and religion in this infant country, and are confident 
of the zeal of so pious and learned a body as the General Assembly of the Church of 
Scotland, to promote such a design ; they beg leave to lay before this venerable house, a 
general representation of the deplorable circumstances of the churches under their Syno- 
dical care, leaving it to the commissioners to descend to particulars. 

In the colonies of Nejy York, New Jei-sey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and 
Carolina, a great number of congregations have been formed upon the Presbyterian plan, 
■which have put themselves under the Synodical care of your petitioners, who conform to 
the constitution of the Church of Scotland, and have adopted her standards of doctrine, 
worship, and discipline. There are also large settlements lately planted in various 
parts, particularly in North and South Carolina, where multitudes are extremely desi- 
rous of the ministrations of the gospel ; but they are not yet formed into congregations, 
and regularly organized for want of ministers. 

These numerous bodies of people, dispersed so wide through so many colonies, have 
repeatedly made the most importunate applications to your petitioners, for ministers to 
be sent among them ; and your petitioners have exerted themselves to the utmost for 
their relief, both by sending their members and candidates to officiate some time 
among them, and using all practicable measures for the education of pious youth for the 
ministry. 

But alas ! notwithstanding these painful endeavours, your petitioners have been ut- 
terly incapable to make sufficient provision for so many shepherdless flocks ; and those 
that come hundreds of miles crying to them for some to break the bread of life among 
them, are often obliged to return in tears, with little or no relief, by reason of the scar- 
city of ministers. 

Though every practicable expedient, which the most urgent necessity could suggest, 
has been used to prepare labourers for this extensive and growing harvest ; yet the 
number of ministers in this Synod is far from being equal to that of the congregations 
under their care. Though sundry of them have taken the pastoral charge of two or 
three congregations for a time, in order to lessen the number of vacancies ; and though 
sundry youth have lately been licensed, ordained, and settled in congregations, that 
were before destitute ; yet there are no less than forty vacant congregations at present 
under the care of this Synod, besides many more which are incapable at present to sup- 
port ministers ; and the whole colony of North Carolina, where numerous congregations 
of Presbyterians are forming, and where there is not one Presbyterian minister settled. 

The great number of vacancies in the bounds of this Synod, is owing, partly, to the 
new settlements lately made in various parts of this continent, partly to the death of 
sundry ministers belonging to this Synod, but principally to the small number of youth 
educated for the ministry, so vastly disproportionate to the numerous vacancies ; and 
unless some efl'ectual measures can be taken for the education of proper persons for the 
sacred character, the churches of Christ in these parts must continue in the most desti- 
tute circumstances, wandering shepherdless and forlorn through this wilderness, thou- 
sands perishing for lack of knowledge, the children of God hungry and unfed, and the 
rising age growing up in a state little better than that of heathenism, with regard to the 
public ministrations of the gospel. 

The numerous inconveniences of a private, and the many important advantages of a 
public education are so evident, that we need not inform this venerable assembly of them, 
who cannot but be sensible from happy experience, of the many extensive benefits of 
convenient colleges. 

The difficulty, (and in some cases impossibility,) of sending youth two, three, four, or 
five hundred miles or more, to the colleges in New England, is also evident at first sight. 
Now it is from the college of New Jersey only, that we can expect a remedy of these 
inconveniences; it is to that your petitioners look for the increase of their number ; it 
is on that the Presbyterian churches, through the six colonies above mentioned, princi- 
pally depend for a supply of accomplished ministers ; from that has been obtained consi- 
derable relief already, notwithstanding the many disadvantages that unavoidably attend 
it in its present infant state; and from that may be expected a sufficient supply when 
brought to maturity. 

Your petitioners, therefore, most earnestly praj', that this very reverend Assembly 
would afford the said college all the countenance and assistance in their power. The 
young daughter of the Church of Scotland, helpless and exposed in this foreign laud, 
33 



258 MINUTES OF THE [1754 

Rev. Messrs. Gilbert Tennent and Samuel Davies, which being read was unani- 
mously approved.* 

Upon a representation made to the Synod, of the illegal restraints the Pro- 
testant dissenters lie under in Virginia, as to their religious liberties, Messrs. 
James Davenport and John Rogers, were appointed to draw up a recommenda- 
tion of the affair, and a certificate for Messrs. Samuel Davies and John Todd, 
members of our body living in that colony, which being done was read and 
approved. f 

Adjourned to Thursday the day after the commencement next September, and 
then to meet at Newark. Concluded with prayer. » 



1754. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Newark, September 2Qth, 17 54:. Ubi post preces sederunt 

Ministers of New York Presbytery : Messrs. John Pierson, Simon Horton, 
Aaron Burr, Timothy Jones, David Bostwick, Caleb Smith, John Brainerd, 
Daniel Thane, Azariah Horton, Jacob Green, Aaron Richards, Enos Ayres?, 
John Moffet, John Smith, Robert Henry, Alexander Cummins. 

Suffolk Presbytery : Messrs. Ebenezer Prime, Samuel Sacket. 

New Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. William Tennent, James Davenport, 
James McCrea, Thomas Lewis, Israel Read, Samuel Kennedy. 

Abington Presbytery: Messrs. Andrew Hunter, Charles Beatty, Richard 
Treat, Benjamin Chesnut, Nehemiah Greenman, Henry Martin. 

cries to her tender and powerful mother for relief. The cries of ministers oppressed 
•with labours, and of congregations famishing for want of the sincere milk of the word, 
implore assistance. And were the poor Indian savages sensible of their own case, they 
would join in the cry, and beg for more missionaries to be sent to propagate the religion 
of Jesus among them. 

Now as the college of New Jersey appears the most promising expedient to redress 
these grievances, and to promote religion and learning in these provinces, your petition- 
ers most heartily concur with the trustees, and humbly pray, that an act may be passed 
by this venerable and honourable Assembly, for a national collection in favour of said 
college. And your petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray, &c. 

* A copy of the certificate for Messrs. Gilbert Tennent and Samuel Davies. 

The Rev. Messrs. Gilbert Tennent and Samuel Davies, the bearers hereof, undertaking 
a viiyiige to Europe, by tlie appointment of this Synod, in concurrence with the trustees 
of the college of New Jersey, for the service of said college; the Synod do hereby cer- 
tify, that the above reverend gentlemen are worthy and well approved members of their 
body, and do recommend them to the acceptance of the cliurch of God, and the work of 
their miss-ion, wheresoever Divine Providence may call them, imploring the Divine Pre- 
eence with them and success to their important undertaking. 

Signed by order of the Synod. 

f A copy of the representation and certificate. 

Vv liereas, the Protestant dissenters of the Presbyterian denomination in the colony of 
Virginia lie under some restraints, particularly with regard to the number of their meet- 
ing-houses, which is not at all equal to what their circumstances require, though they 
have taken all legal measures to have a sufficient number registered according to the act 
of toleration; and whereas, the Hev. Mr. Samuel Davies has been appointed to take a 
voyage to Great Britain in behalf of the college of New Jersey, and may have an oppor- 
tunity of using proper means to procure a redress of said grievance, this Synod do hum- 
bly and earnestly request the concurrence and assistance of their friends there, for the 
relief of an helpless and oppressed people in a point of so great consequence, in which 
their religious liberties are so nearly concerned. 

We do therefore cheerfully recommend the said Mr. Davies, who is settled in Virginia, 
and the Rev. Mr. John Todd, his colleague, as regular and worthy members of their 
bovJy, zealously and prudently engaged in advancing the Redeemer's kingdom. 



1754.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 259 

New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Samuel Finly, John Blair, John Rogers, 
Hobert Smith. 

Elders : Messrs. Caleb Baldwin, Joseph Prudden, Timothy Whitehead, Sa- 
muel Lumb, Jonathan Sayres, Jonah Halstead, David Bay, Ephraim Lockart, 
Thomas Coon, Brice Rickey, Abraham Reeves, David Fulton, Abram Slack, 
William Buchanan. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. Silas Leonard, Jonathan Elmore, Chancey Gra- 
ham, Timothy Allen, Elihu Spencer, John Maltby, Samuel Bewel, James 
Brown, Silvanus White, Joseph Park, Naphtali Dagget, Eliphalet Ball, Alex- 
ander Craighead, Charles Tennent, James Campbel, John Roan, Samuel Da- 
vies, Andrew Stirling, Andrew Bay, Hugh Henry, John Todd, James Finly, 
John Brown, John Right, Gilbert Tennent, Daniel Lawrence, Charles 
McKnight, Job Prudden, Samuel Harker, Conradus Worts, Evander Mor- 
rison. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon on 2 Cor. x. 4, preached by Mr. Finly, 
the last year's moderator. 

Mr. Davenport was chosen moderator, Mr. Beatty clerk. 

Mr. Eliab Byram has been removed by death since our last Synod. 

Adjourned till half an hour after two of the clock, post meridiem. Concluded 
with prayer. 

Eodem Die, half an lioxir after two of the dock, P. M. Post preces sederunt 
qui supra. 

The Rev. Mr. Pemberton is removed out of the bounds of this Synod since 
our last. 

The reasons given by Messrs. Pierson, Simon Horton, Burr, John Smith, 
Green, Richards, Caleb Smith, Ayres, Cummins, Moffet, Thane, Prime, Sacket, 
McCrea, Blair, and Robert Henry, for their absence the last Synod were sus- 
tained. 

Messrs. Pierson, Burr, Spencer, Bostwick, William and Charles Tennent, 
Treat, Rogers, Prime, James Brown, Azariah Horton, Finly, and the modera- 
tor, are appointed to be a commission of the Synod the year ensuing. 

Upon inquiry it was found that the Presbyteries have complied with the 
order of the Synod, with respect to collections for the college. 

The Presbytery books of New York and New Castle were brought to the 
Synod according to order, the others being forgot, are ordered to be brought the 
next Synod. 

Mr. Finly and Mr. Rogers are appointed to revise the Presbytery book of 
New York, and Mr. Bostwick and Mr. Jones the Presbytery book of New 
Castle, and make report thereof before the conclusion of this Synod. 

The clerk reported, that he complied with the order of the Synod, and de- 
livered their letter into the Synod of Philadelphia. 

A letter from the Synod of Philadelphia was brought in and read, the con- 
sideration whereof was deferred till the next sederunt. 

The clerk certified the Synod, that he had complied with their order, and 
gave copies of the plan of their first constitution to the persons who requested 
them. 

The committee appointed by our last Synod to go to New l^'ork, make report, 
that they complied with said appointment, and presented the minutes of their 
pi'oceedings, which being read were approved and are as follows.* 

* The committee of the Synod met according to appointment. 

New York, October 24, 1753. 
Ministers present : Messrs. William Tennent, Anron Burr, Charles Beatty, David Bos- 
wick, Elihu Spencer, Caleb Smith. Elder : Mr. Samuel Kerr. 



260 MINUTES OF THE [1754. 

The appointments of the last Synod, with respect to supplying Philadelphia, 
were well fulfilled. And also those for Hanover, except Mr. Brainerd and Mr. 
Bay, whose reasons for omission were sustained. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Richard Treat, Samuel Davies, and John Rogers. 
Mr. Tennent was chosen moderator, Mr. Bostwick clerk. 
Post preccs sederunt qui supra. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M., and then to meet at the house of Mr. Pember- 
ton. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the clock, P. M. Post prcces sederunt qui supra. 

Several members of the Presbyterian congregation at New York, laid before the com- 
mittee a remonstrance, containing sundry articles of grievance which they labour under 
from the past and present management of their ecclesiastical affairs. The committee 
having distinctly and impartially considered the several articles of complaint, came to 
the following conclusions, viz : 

1. As to the two first articles complaining of the neglect of ministerial visits, and ex- 
amining into the lives and conversations of the people, it appears by the representation 
made by Mr. Pemberton, that he has made conscience of his duty in these respects, 
though of late he has, by reason of the divisions subsisting among his people, desisted 
from it ; we therefore earnestly recommend his persisting in that important part of his 
ministerial labours, and that he be not discouraged by any disagreeable appearances 
among them. 

2. As to the third article against the session concerning the new version of the psalms, 
the committee cannot think it regular for the ministers and elders to introduce a new 
version, without the express consent and approbation of the majority of the congrega- 
tion ; yet since Dr. Watts's version is introduced in this church, and is well adapted for 
Christian worship, and received by many Presbyterian congregations, both in America 
and Great Britain, they cannot but judge it best for the well being of the congregation 
under their present circumstances, that they should be continued. 

3. As to the fourth article complaining of the neglect of the Westminster Confession. 
and not recommending of it in baptism, the committee conceive that the vote of the 
Synod, as to the latter, is sufficient ; and Mr. Pemberton's declaring his high approba- 
tion of said Confession, and public teaching the Westminster Catechisms, ought to be 
satisfying to all. 

4. As to praying at the burial of the dead, since it is not practised but at the request 
of those concerned, and all are left at their liberty to request it or not ; the committee 
think it no just matter of ofl'ence, especially as it is frequently practised by the Presby- 
terian ministers in this country, and the reasons for which the General Assembly, (in the 
early times of reformation from popery,) prohibited it, are now evidently ceased. 

5. As to the singing anthems, &c., though the committee cannot disapp'-ove of them at 
proper seasons, yet lest it should tend to take otf the minds of persons from the important 
things they have heard in the house of God, and as it seems matter of conscience to 
Bonie, the committee judge it advisable to forbear the practice on the Lord's day. 

0. As to the article complaining of injurious and contemptuous treatment ; the com- 
mittee are much grieved to find that there has been so much of it on both sides, during 
the unhappy disputes that have subsisted among them, and do earnestly recommend mu- 
tual forgiveness, forbearance, and moderation towards one another, as the most likely 
method to promote peace and unanimity among them. 

Adjourned till to-morrow at eleven of the clock. Concluded with prayer. 

2bth day, at eleven of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Rev. Messrs. Pemberton and Cumming requested a dismission from their pastoral 
relation to this church. Mr. Pemberton offered as his reasons, the unhapjiy divisions 
subsisting among the peojile, the appearances of some dissati.-^faction with him, and the 
little prospect of success in his ministerial labours Mr. Cuiiiming otl'ereil, that his low 
state of health would not allow him to go on with his work in the present divided and 
confused state of the congregation. The committee proposed to the people whether they 
had any thing to object iigainst the dismission of their ministers. A number of gentle- 
men in the behalf of others, strongly remonstrated against Mr. Pemberton's dismission, 
as endangering the peace of the congregation. The committee do judge the continuance 
of Mr. Pemberton, under the present circumstances of the congregation, to be necessary, 
and arc in hopes that the present confusion in the congregation, and seeming dissatisfac- 
tion of some that hinder the success of his labours, will be removed. But at Mr. Pem- 



1754.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 261 

Mr. Sacket lias leave to go home, as also hath Mr. Green. 
Adjourned till eight of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

21 ih day, at eight of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

(Excepting Mr. Sacket.) 

The committee appointed to revise the Presbytery books are not prepared to 
give in their report, and are ordered to be ready against the next sederunt if 
they can. 

Mr. Koss, a minister from New England being present, was desired to sit as 
correspondent. 

The letter from the Synod of Philadelphia, respecting our union with them, 
was taken into consideration, and in compliance with their desire therein ex- 
pressed, the Synod appoint Messrs. Aaron Burr, David Bostwick, William Ten- 
nent, Richard Treat, Samuel Finly, and John Blair, to be a committee to attend 
the next session of the Synod of Philadelphia, in order to confer with them 
about said union, in which they are to conclude nothing inconsistent with our 
former proposals. 

Upon the request of some members of the congregation of New York, the 
Synod do appoint Messrs. Finly and Blair to supply the said congregation the 
next Sabbath. 

Messrs. Simon Horton and Richards are absent without leave. 

A letter from Hanover in Virginia, requesting further supplies until their 
pastor returns, was laid before the Synod, in answer to which the Synod ap- 
points Mr. Greenman to supply them from the fourth Sabbath of November 
until and including the last Sabbath of February next, and recommend it to 
the Presbytery of New Castle, to supply said congregation the preceding and 
remaining time. 

And the Synod doth appoint Mr. Clark, a candidate in the Presbytery of 
New York, to supply Mr. Greenman's congregation from the time of his fii'st 
absence unto the last Sabbath of January. 

Application was also made to the Synod in behalf of Mr. Gilbert Tennent's 
congregation in Philadelphia, for supplies until their pastor returns from Great 
Britain ; in compliance with which the Synod appoint Mr. Prime to supply the 
four Sabbaths in November next ; Mr. Blair the first four Sabbaths in Decem- 
ber ; Mr. Treat the last in December and three first in January ; Mr. Rogers 
the last in January and three first in February ; Mr. William Tennent the last 
in February and three first in March ; Mr. Davenport the two last in March, 
and two first in June ; Mr. Bewel the four Sabbaths in April ; Mr. Burr the 

berton's earnest request, the committee, (being sensible of the many special difficultiea 
be labours under,) allow him a month's time of trial, and if upon a faithful endeavour to 
heal the divisions and serve the interest of Christ's kingdom among them, he finds all his 
attempts vain, and still continues his desire of a dismission, they judge it best he should 
be left at liberty to remove from or abide with them, as he shall think most consistent 
■with his duty. 

As to Mr. Gumming, since no reasons have been offered to the committee against his 
dismission, the committee do judge from what has appeared to them, and for the reasons 
urged by him, that his pastoral relation to the Presbyterian congregation in New York 
should be dissolved, and it is hereby dissolved accordingly. It is with pleasure the com- 
mittee observe that there has been no objection against Mr. Cumming's moral conduct 
or ministerial labours ; they do, therefore, freely recommend him, (if God shall please to 
restore his health,) to any Christian congregation where Divine Providence may call him, 
as a man of eminent ministerial gifts and abilities, and one whom they think in many 
respects fitted for special service in the church of Christ. And the committee do recom- 
mend it to the congregation as their indispensable duty, that they make up all the arrears 
of salary they promised to give to Mr. Cumming. Concluded with prayer. 



262 MINUTES OF THE [1755. 

four Sabbaths in May; Mr. Finly the last two in June and two first in July ; 
Mr. John Smith the three last in July and first in August; 3Ir. Jones the three 
last in August and first in September ; Mr. Spencer the four last in September. 
And in case any of the members fail, it is recommended to the several I'rcsbj'te- 
ries to which they respectively belong, to take proper care that others be sent in 
their room. 

The Synod taking into consideration the destitute condition of Virginia and 
North Carolina, as it hath been represented unto them, do appoint Messrs- 
Beatty, Bostwick, Lewis, and Thane, each of them to make a visit to those 
parts, for the space of three months, and the seasons to be agreed upon by 
themselves. 

In order to supply Mr. Beatty's congregation, the Synod appoints Mr. 
Mofi"et to supply the month of November, (he concluding to set off in the 
beginning of said month,) and Mr. Azariah Ilorton the four first Sabbaths of 
December; that Mr. Allen supply jMr. Lewis's congregation the mouth of 
January, and Mr. McCrea the month of February. 

Adjourned till half an hour after two of the clock, P. M. Concluded with 
prayer. 

Eodem Die, half an hour after two o'eloch, P. M. Post preces sederunt 
qui sujjra. 

Together with Mr. Allen, whose absence hitherto is excused. 

The Presbytery book of New York being revised was approved. 

The supplying Mr. Thane's congregation during his journey to Virginia, 
&c. is recommended to the Presbytery of New York, as they shall judge 
needful. 

With respect unto Mr. Bostwick's congregation, the Synod appoint Mr. 
Cumming to supply it three Sabbaths during his absence, and Mr. Simon 
Horton three Sabbaths, Mr. Dagget two Sabbaths, and Mr. Park two Sab- 
baths. 

The Synod also appoint the Presbytery of Suffolk to supply Mr. Bewel's 
congregation during the time he supplies in Philadelphia. 

The Synod do agree, that hereafter there shall be a committee of overtures 
appointed at the beginning of the Synod, and that all new business shall first 
be laid before said committee, in order by them to be laid before the Synod. 

Pursuant to the order of the last Synod for a collection by the several minis- 
ters of their body, the following members brought their collections, viz. Messrs. 
Burr, Jones, Bostwick, Thane, Azariah Horton, Davenport, William Tennent, 
Lewis, Read, Kennedy, Hunter, Beatty, Treat, llobort Henry, Greenman, 
Finly, Blair, Rogers, and Robert Smith, all which amounted to nine pounds, 
sixteen shillings, and nine pence, provincial currency, and was committed into 
the hands of 31 r. Treat, as their treasurer. 

Adjourned to the first of October, to meet at Philadelphia. Concluded with 
prayer. 

1735, 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Philadelphia, October 1st, 1755. U hi post preces sederunt 

Ministers of New York Presbytery : Messrs. Aaron Burr, Azariah Horton, 
Elihu Spencer, Jacob Green, John ]irainerd. 

Elders : Samuel Lum, Joseph Ogdon, Joseph Tuttle. 

Ministers absent: Messrs. John Pierson, Timothy Jones, Simon Horton, 



1755.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 263 

Timothy Allen, David Bostwick, Caleb Smith, Aaron Richards, Alexander 
Cummins, Chaucey Graham, Jonathan Elmore, Enos Ayers, John Moffat, 
John Smith, Daniel Thane, John Maltby, Hugh Knox. 

Ministers of New Brunswick Presbytery: Messrs. James McCrea, James 
Davenport, Charles McKnight, Thomas Lewis, Israel Read, Samuel Barker, 
Samuel Kennedy. 

Elders : John Adams, Gilbert Hendrickson, Robert Moore, George Warner, 
Thomas Coone. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. William Tennent, Job Prudden, Conradus Worts. 

Suffolk Presbytery : All absent. 

Abington Presbytery, ministers : Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Richard Treat, 
Andrew Hunter, Daniel Lawrence, Benjamin Chesnut, Charles Beatty. 

Elders : Thomas Bourn, William Adams, Thomas Francis, Isaac Mills, John 
Wigton. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Nehemiah Greenman, Henry Marten. 

New Castle Presbytery, ministers : Messrs. Evander Morrison, James Camp- 
bell, Samuel Finley, Samuel Davies, John Roan, Andrew Bay, John Rodgers, 
James Finley, John Hogge, John Blair, Robert Smith. 

Elders : John Kirkpatrick, Philip Davies, William Bell, John Withrow, 
David Stewart, Benjamin BIyth, Charles Vance, Thomas Sharp, William 
McCrea. 

Ministers absent : iNIessrs. Charles Tennent, Alexander Craighead, Andrew 
Sterling, Hugh Henry, Robert Henry, John Brown, John Wright, John 
Todd. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon from 2 Cor. iv. 1, preached by Mr. 
Davenport, the last year's moderator. 

Mr. Burr is chosen moderator for the ensuing year, Mr. Davies clerk. 

Mr. Edwards is desired to sit with this Synod as correspondent. 

The reasons of the absence from last Synod, of the Rev. Messrs. Spencer, 
Campbell, Roan, Davies, Bay, Todd, James Finley, Gilbert Tennent, John 
Wright, Lawrence, McKnight, Harker, and Morrison, are sustained. 

The reasons of absence from this Synod, of Messrs. Pierson, William 
Tennent, Greenman, Todd, Bostwick, Jones, Smith, Richards, and Simon 
Horton, being related by some members present, are sustained. 

Messrs. Pierson, Spencer, Bostwick, Gilbert, William and Charles Ten- 
nent, Treat, Davenport, Rogers, Prime, Brown, Azariah Horton, Samuel Finly, 
and the moderator, are appointed to be a commission of the Synod for the year 
ensuing. 

The Synod finding there is but one Presbytery book present, it is ordered 
that all the books be brought by each Presbytery at the meeting of the next 
Synod. 

The committee appointed to attend upon the Synod of Philadelphia, to con- 
fer with them upon the head of the union, do make report, that they complied 
with said appointment, and after conference had with a committee of that Synod 
upon that head, and after hearing several things offered in relation thereto, 
desired that Synod to send their proposals in writing to this Synod to be con- 
sidered at their next meeting. 

Mr. Simon Horton's reason for absence from the last Synod without leave, 
is sustained. 

Mr. Greenman's appointment to supply Hanover was complied with; as 
also the supplies appointed for Philadelphia, till Mr. Tennent's return from 
Great Britain. 

Messrs. Beatty and Thane have fulfilled their appointments to go to Vir- 
ginia and Carolina; and Mr. Lewis's reasons for non-compliance, are sus- 
tained. 



264 MINUTES OF THE [1755. 

Mr. Azariah Ilorton supplies Mr. Beatty's congregation in his absence, 
according to appointment. 

As Mr. MoflUt did not comply with the appointment of Synod in his sup- 
plies, the Synod order the Presbytery of New York to inquire into the rea- 
sons of his omission. 

Messrs. Bhiir, Azariah Ilorton, Rogers, Davenport, Morrison, Beatty, and 
Davies, arc appointed a committee of overtures, and for any other business 
the Synod shall recommend unto them, and that they meet to-morrow morning, 
at eight of the clock and Mr. Davies moderator. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at nine of the clock. Concluded with 
prayer. 

2c? day. Nine of the dock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qici supra. 

Messrs. ]Marten, Bead, Charles Tenneut, and Worts, are come, and the 
reasons of their absence yesterday are sustained. 

A reference was brought into the Synod by the Presbytery of New York, 
concerning the removal of Mr. Bostwick from Jamaica, by a call from the 
Presbyterian congregation of New York, and the settling the order and disci- 
pline of said church, which, after reading several papers, and hearing what 
■was offered in relation thereto, was deferred till the nest sederunt, for further 
consideration. 

Application being made to the Synod from the trustees of New Jersey col- 
lege, for a general collection in all their congregations for the use of said col- 
lege, the Synod do recommend it to their several Presbyteries, to take such 
measures as they judge proper to make collections in the congregations within 
their respective bounds, for the use of the college of New Jersey betwixt this 
and the next Synod, and send such collections by some proper hand to the 
Synod. 

Adjourned till four of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Four of (lie cloch, P. 31. Post preces sedenmt qiii supra. 

The affair of New Y^ork reassumed, but for want of time to go through with 
it, it is referred to the next sederunt. 

Upon sundry petitions from various parts of North Carolina, setting forth 
their distressed circumstances for want of a preached gospel among them, and 
requesting help from this Synod, Messrs. Brainerd and Spencer are appointed 
to take a journey thither before winter, and supply the vacant congregations 
there, and in parts adjacent, for six mouths, or as long as they shall think ne- 
cessary ; and the appointment of supplies for Mr. Spencer's congregation is refer- 
red till to-morrow. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, at half an hour after eight of the clock. 
Concluded with prayer. 

Sd day. Half an hour after evjht of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt 
qui supra. 

Except the Rev. Messrs. Burr, Brainerd, IMcKnight, and Lawrence, who 
were permitted to go away. 

The moderator being gone, Mr. Treat was desired to take his place at this 
season. 

A petition was brought into the Synod setting forth the necessity of erecting 
a new Presbytery in Virginia, the Synod therefore appoint the Rev. Samuel 
Davies, John Todd, Alexander Craighead, Robert Ilcnry, John "Wright, 
and John Brown, to be a Presbytery, under the name of the Presbytery 



1755.] 



SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 



265 



of Hanover, and that tlieir fii-st meeting shall be in Hanover, on the first 
Wednesday of December next, and that Mr. Davies open said meeting by a 
sermon ; and that any of their members settling to the southward and west- 
ward of Mr, Hogge's congregation, shall have liberty to join said Presbytery 
of Hanover. 

The affair from New York reassumed, and as there was not time to finish it, 
it is referred till the afternoon. 

Adjourned till three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the clock, P. 31. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The afiair from New York reassumed, and the Synod having fully heard and 
discussed said aflair, do appoint Messrs. Spencer, Samuel Fiuley, and the clerk, 
to draw up the judgment of the Synod thereupon, against eight of the clock this 
evening. 

The Synod appoint Mr. Clark to take a journey into Virginia and North 
Carolina, to supply the vacancies there for six months, betwixt this and next 
Synod, particularly at Kocky River and Sugar Creek, at the Hawfields, Enno, 
Ilico, and Dan Rivers. 

A paper was presented to the Synod containing an account of sundry gene- 
rous and valuable dontltions from divers friends in England, for the education 
of pious, indigent youth, for the gospel ministry, which the Synod, in order to 
express their gratitude for, as well as for the security of the same for the pur- 
poses aforesaid, order to be recorded in their minutes, and are as follows. 



To the Reverend Synod of New York, 

The annual interest of the following donations was appropriated by the donors, 
for the education of such youth for the ministry of the gospel, in the College 
of New Jersey, as are unable to defray the expenses of their education, who 
appear, upon proper examination, to be of promising genius, Calvinistic prin- 
ciples, and in the judgment of charity, experimentally acquainted with a work 
of saving grace, and to have a distinguished zeal for the glory of God, and 
salvation of men. 

London. 
Mr. Samuel Savage, .... 

Mrs. Rachel Spellerberg, 
Mr. William Wetmore .... 
Robert Cruttenden, Esquire, . 
Rev. Mr. Ziegenhagen, .... 
Rev. Samuel Pike, .... 

Rev. George Turnbull, 
Mr. Joseph Williams, of Kidderminster, 
Mr. Austin, of ditto 

Mr. Joseph Field, .... 

Mr. Cruttenden' s Friend, .... 
Mr. Henry Carrington, 

Mr. Carrington Bowles, .... 
Mr. Dennis Debert, .... 

Mr. James Cox, ..... 

Mr. AVilliam Fuller, .... 
Daniel Booth, Esquire, .... 
Rev. Thomas Gibbons, and some of his friends. 
Rev. Thomas Hall, and some of his friends, 
Mr. Joseph Hartwell, .... 
34 



£ 


s. 


d. 


10 


10 





50 








5 


5 





5 


5 





4 


4 





3 


3 





1 


1 





5 


5 





3 


12 





1 


1 





5 


5 





3 


3 





1 


1 





5 


5 





5 


5 





5 


5 





5 


5 





12 


12 





15 


15 





2 


2 






MINUTES OF THE 



[1755. 



. 5 5 





2 2 





. 1 1 





3 3 





. 1 1 





10 10 





. 23 9 





27 5 


6 


. 46 





5 5 





. 1 1 





20 10 


6 


£290 17 






London. £ s. d. 

Mr. John Bowles, 

Mr. Furnell, 

Mr. Skinner, ...... 

Mr. Jonathan Eade, .... 

Mr. Shirly Wolmer, .... 

Mr. James English, .... 

The Independent Congregation in Ipswich, . 
Rev. Mr. Frost's Congregation in Yarmouth, 
Rev. Mr. Davidson's Congregation in Braintre, 
Rev. Mr. Fosket in Bristol,* 
Mr. Lunel in Dublin, .... 

Rev. 31r. Ogilvie in New Castle, 

Sum total. 

The above sum of two hundred and ninety-six pounds, seventeen shillings, 
sterling, being given in trust to us, the subscribers, with design that the annual 
interest thereof for ever be applied for the use aforesaid : We do, by virtue of 
said trust, put the said sum into the hands of the trustees of the College of 
New Jersey, in trust, to be applied to the education of such youth, of the cha- 
racter above mentioned, as shall be examined and approved of by the Synod 
of New York, (or by what name soever that body of men may be hereafter 
called,) and by them recommended to the trustees of said college, and to be 
divided among such youth in such proportion as said Synod shall think fit. 
Witness our hands, 

Gilbert Tennent, Samuel Davies. 

London, October 25th, 1754. 

November Isl, 1754. Received by the Rev. Mr. Vye, of Sheffield, the addi- 
tional sum of ten pounds, seven shillings, and six pence, sterling, to be applied 
as above directed. 

Total three hundred and seven pounds, four shillings, and six pence, ster- 
ling. 

Gilbert Tennent, Samuel Davies. 

For the education of youth of the character aforesaid. 
Samuel Ruggles, Esquire, of Rocking, fifty pounds. 

The above sum of fifty pounds sterling, being given in trust to us, the sub- 
scribers, with design that the principal be applied as soon as occasion requireth, 
for the education of youth of the characters before described : We do, by vir- 
tue of said trust, put the said sum into the hands of said trustees, for the use, 
and under the direction of the Synod of New York, as aforesaid. 

Witness our hands, London, October 25, 1754. 

Gilbert Tennent, Samuel Davies. 

The Synod appoint that such youth as may be candidates for this benefac- 
tion, be examined by the Synod at their annual meeting. 

Mr. Gilbert Tennent reported to the Synod that he has lately received a bill 
for two hundred pounds sterling, generously given for the propagation of the 
gospel among the Indians, and to be under the direction of this Synod. 



• The Rev. Mr. Fosket, the donor, expressly ordered, that his donation be applied to 
the education of poor pious youth, of Calvinistic principles, of every denomination of 
Protestants. 



1755.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 267 

The Synod do appoint the Rev. Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Samuel Finly, 
Grreen, Spencer, and Davies, to draw up a plan for the application of the money 
contributed in Great Britain for the use of the Indians, and lay the same before 
the Synod, before the end of their present session. The same committee ap- 
pointed to draw up certificates for those ministers who are appointed to go to 
the southward. 

The Synod appoint the Presbytery of New York to draw up a certificate for 
Mr. Clark, being a candidate belonging unto them. 

The committee appointed to draw up the judgment of the Synod on the afiair 
of New York, presented what they had written, which, with some amendments, 
was approved, and is as follows, viz. 

The Synod having heard and maturely considered the sundry complaints and 
requests of both parties from the Presbyterian congregation in New York, come 
to the following conclusions thereon : 

That though the Synod upon former inquiry did find that the trustees have 
faithfully discharged their trust, and are still of the same judgment, yet as 
there has been a mutual agreement between the trustees and those dissatisfied 
with that constitution, that as soon as the debts of the church are paid, they 
should no longer be elected in their present form ; the Synod approve of said agree- 
ment, and judge, that if the congregation think it expedient to have a commit- 
tee for the management of their temporal concerns, the said committee shall be 
chosen after that time, by the ministers, elders, and deacons, with the consent 
of the congregation, and accountable to them for their conduct. And in order 
the more speedily to discharge the said debts, the Synod recommend it to the 
congregation to pay punctually, and as soon as possible, the pew rents that may 
be due. And that the affairs of the congregation may be carried on with 
greater regularity, the Synod also recommend it to them to choose a greater 
number of elders and deacons as soon as they conveniently can. 

That as there is a number of the congregation much dissatisfied with the con- 
stant use of Dr. Watts's version of the Psalms, and earnestly desirous that the 
Scotch version should be used, and as mutual forbearance and condescension in 
such cases, is a duty which Christians owe to one another, and is necessary to 
preserve the peace of society, the Synod determine that the Scotch version be 
used equally with the other in the stated public worship on the Lord's days. 

That previously to the administration of baptism, the minister shall inquire 
into the parents' knowledge of the great and fundamental doctrines of the gos- 
pel, and the regularity of their life ; and being satisfied so as to admit them, 
shall in public point out the special duties of the parents, and particularly, that 
they teach their children the doctrines and precepts of Christianity, contained 
in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, and comprised in the West- 
minster Confession of Faith and Catechisms : which therefore he shall recom- 
mend unto them. 

That whereas complaint has been made of a number assuming the name of 
the Scotch Presbyterian Society, it shall be deemed irregular and censurable 
for any part of the congregation to form a party, and consider themselves as a 
society distinct from the rest of the congregation. 

That as to the removal of Mr. Bostwick, the congregation of Jamaica not 
being prepared to make a representation on this head, the Synod apjjoints the 
following members, viz. Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Prime, AVilliam Tennent, 
Burr, Treat, Davenport, John Smith of Rye, 3IcCrea, Beatty, Hunter, Allen, 
Read, Buel, Sacket, Brown, Lewis, and Rodgers, to be their committee, to meet 
at Jamaica, on the 29th of this instant October, to determine that affair, and 
any other matters relative to it, that may come before them. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 



268 MINUTES OF THE [1755. 

AitJi day, at nine of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Except Messrs. Lewis, Campbell, and Hogge, who have obtained leave to go 
lionie. 

The Synod recommend it to all the members, excepting such who live ?o 
near the place of meeting that they can go to their congregations after twelve 
of the clock on Saturday, and return again by ten of the clock on Monday, 
that they do not make any appointments to preach on the Lord's day following 
the Synod, or so pre-engage themselves as to be obliged to return before the 
conclusion of the Synod, in any time coming. 

A letter from the Synod of Philadelphia, concerning an union with this 
Synod, was read, [See page 218,] and after much debate and consultation had 
upon it, it was referred to a committee to draw up an answer against next iMon- 
day morning, at ten of the clock, and that those members that remain in town 
this afternoon be a committee for that purpose. 

Adjourned till Monday morning, at ten of the clock. Concluded with 
prayer. 

October 6, ten of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

In order to supply the congregations of those ministers, who are to go to 
the southward, the Synod appoint the Presbyteries of New Brunswick and 
Abington to supply within the bounds of New York Presbytery each four 
Sabbaths. And that the Presbytery of Suffolk supply either New York or 
Jamaica, as need shall be, each member two Sabbaths. 

As the present critical and alarming situation of the country, requires par- 
ticular applications to heaven, the Synod recommend it to all the Presbyteries 
to appoint a day, when they think proper, to be religiously observed, either in 
thanksgiving or humiliation, as the posture of affairs may then require. 

Mr. Charles Tennent is appointed to preach in Philadelphia the first Sabbath 
in November, in the room of Mr. Grilbert Tennent, who is to be from home on 
the appointment to Jamaica. 

The committee appointed to draw up an answer to the minute of Philadelphia 
Synod, make report, that they have not been able yet to complete it, but expect 
to be ready against the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the clocJc, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The committee brought in their answer to the Synod of Philadelphia, which 
was carefully examined, but there not being time to finish it, the further con- 
sideration of it is referred till to-morrow. 

The following ministers, viz : Messrs. Burr, Charles Tennent, Rogers, Robert 
Smith, Davies, Azariah llorton, Davenport, Hunter, McKnight, and Kennedy, 
brought collections into the Synod, in all amounting to five pounds four shil- 
lings provincial, and it is committed to Mr. Treat their treasurer. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

7 th day, at nine of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui siqva. 

(Except Messrs. Roan, Smith, and James Finly, and Charles Vance, who 
had leave to go away.) 

The answer to the Synod of Philadelphia was again taken under consideration, 
together with a plan of proposals for an union, and Messrs. Samuel Finlj- and 
Blair are appointed to finish the plan and bring it in at the next sederunt. 

Adjourned till three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



1756.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 269 

Eodem Die, three of the clocl; P. 31. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Messrs. Finly and Blair brought in their answer to the Synod of Philadelphia, 
and a plan of union, which was read and approved, and is as follows : 

[This plan of union being already inserted, pages 221, 222, it is not necessary 
to repeat it here.] 

The Synod appoint their clerk to transcribe the above answer and plan, and 
send it in to the Synod of Philadelphia at their next meeting. 

The committee appointed to draw up a plan for the application of the money 
generously given for the propagation of the gospel among the Indians, report 
that the donor of the before-mentioned money, directs it to be put into the 
hands of the trustees of the college of New Jersey and their successors in trust, 
for the uses and purposes hereafter mentioned, viz : " Either towards the sup- 
port of a pious and well qualified missionary in preaching the gospel among 
the Indians in North America, or the supporting of a pious and well qualified 
schoolmaster in teaching the Indians the English language, and the principles 
of natural and revealed religion ; or for maintaining a pious and well qualified 
Indian youth at the college of New Jersey, while prosecuting his studies there, 
in order to his instructing his countrymen in the English language and the 
Christian religion, or preaching the gospel to them ; or for maintaining a pious 
and well qualified youth of English or Scotch extract, at that college, during 
his preparatory studies for teaching or preaching the gospel among the In- 
dians, in case an Indian youth of suitable qualifications, cannot at some par- 
ticular time be obtained. With this express limitation, namely, that the Synod 
of New York, (or by whatever name that body shall, in time coming, be 
called,) shall direct and determine, to which of the uses before mentioned, the 
yearly interest of the aforesaid principal sum, shall be from time to time ap- 
plied ; and which of the candidates for that particular use shall be preferred ; 
and how the overplus above what may reasonably answer the particular use 
at any time pitched on, (if any such overplus be,) shall be employed in 
providing Bibles or other good books, conducive to promote the general 
design." 

The Synod agree to follow the directions of the generous donor, and to apply 
the donation for the purpose intended as soon as possible. 

It being proposed to form a fund for the use of ministers' widows and 
orphans, the Synod appoint Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, and Burr, to procure 
plans against the next Synod ; and they recommend it to their members to use 
proper means in the interim, to make ministers and people, sensible of its ne- 
cessity and importance ; and that they come prepared to contribute to it at the 
next meeting. 

Adjourned to the day after the next commencement at Newark. Concluded 
with prayer. 

1756. 

The Synod met according to adjournment. 

Neicark, Si'ptemhcr 30, 1756. Uhi post p>reces sederunt 

Ministers of Suffolk Presbytery : Messrs. Ebenezer Prime, Samuel Bewel, 
James Brown, Samuel Sacket, Eliphalet Ball. 

Ministers of New York Presbytery : Messrs. John Pierson, Aaron Burr, 
Simon Horton, Azariah Horton, John Brainerd, Timothy Allen, John Smith, 
Jacob Green, David Bostwick, Elihu Spencer, Timothy Jones, Daniel Thane, 
Aaron Richards, Nathaniel Whitaker. 

Ministers of New Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. William Tennent, James 
Davenport, James McCrea, Charles McKnight, Thomas Lewis, Samuel Ken- 
nedy, Benjamin Hait. 



270 MINUTES OF THE [175G. 

IMinisters of Abington Presbytery : Messrs. Richard Treat, Andrew Hunter, 
Charles Bcatty, Daniel Lawrence, Henry Marten. 

IMinisters of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. Samuel Finly, John Blair, 
John llodgers. 

Ministers of Hanover Presbytery : Messrs. John Todd, John Wright. 

Elders : Gideon Hedges, Elnathan Cory, Joseph Ogden, Joseph Prudden, 
Timothy Whitehead, Isaac Praul, Robert Cummins, Gilbert Hendrickson, 
Samuel Brown, Abraham Larieu, Philip Wynkoop, Robert Givings, Ezra 
Carey. 

Ministers absent, of Suffolk Presbytery : Messrs. Silvanus White, Benjamin 
Talmage, yVbner Reeves. 

Of New York Presbytery : Messrs. Enos Ayres, Chancy Graham, John 
Moflfett, Jonathan Elmore, Hugh Knox, John Maltby, Caleb Smith, Alexander 
Cummins. 

Of New Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. Israel Read, Samuel Harker, Job 
Prudden, Conradus Worts. 

Of Abington Presbytery : Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Benjamin Chesnutt, 
Nehemiah Greenman. 

Of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs Charles Tennent, James Campbell, John 
Roan, Andrew Bay, John Hogg, Robert Smith, Andrew Sterling, James Finley, 
Evander Morrison, jMoses Tuttle, Hugh Henry, John Harris. 

Of Hanover Presbytery : Messrs. Samuel Davies, Alexander Craighead, 
Robert Henry, John Brown. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon preached by Mr. Burr, the last year's 
moderator, on Isaiah xxi. 11, 12. 

Mr. William Tennent was chosen moderator for the year ensuing, Mr. Treat 
clerk. 

Mr. Light, an approved minister of the Dutch Church, being present, is de- 
sired to sit with this Synod as correspondent. 

Adjourned to half an hour after two of the clock, P. M. Concluded with 
prayer. 



Half an hour after two of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui 
supra. 

The reasons offered for the absence of Messrs. John Todd, John Smith, 
Hugh Knox, Daniel Thane, and John Maltby, the last Synod, are sustained. 

Messrs. John Pierson, Elihu Spencer, David Bostwick, Gilbert Tennent, 
Charles Tennent, Richard Treat, James Davenport, John Rodgers, Aaron 
Burr, Ebenczer Prime, James Brown, Azariah llorton, Samuel Finley, and 
the moderator, are appointed to be a commission of the Synod for the year 
ensuing. 

The Presbytery books of New York, Abington, and New Brunswick, are 
brought according to appointment. The other Presbytery books ar6 ordered 
to be brought next Synod. 

Mr. Bewel and Mr. Rogers are appointed to revise Abington Presbytery 
book : Mr. Blair and Mr. Beatty to revise New Brunswick Presbytery book ; 
and Mr. Tennent and jMr Finly the I'resbytery book of New York. 

Messrs. Prime, Azariah Horton, Davenport, Jones, Brainerd, Allen, John 
Smith, and the moderator, are appointed to be a committee of overtures and 
any other business the Synod shall recommend unto them. 

Upon inquiry it was found that none of the Presbyteries did fully comply 
with the order of the last Synod respecting collections for the college ; yet, 
inasmuch as some particular members have done it, the Synod order them to 



1756.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 271 

pay the same into the hands of Mr. Brainerd, and that he give an account 
thereof to the Synod, before the conclusion of this meeting. 

And the Synod do recommend it to their members that have not as yet 
complied with the said order, to do all they reasonably can before their next 
meeting. 

The difficulties and dangers of the times render it in a great degi-ee im- 
practicable for Messrs. Spencer and Brainerd to answer the end of their ap- 
pointment to the southward, and for that reason said appointments were not 
fulfilled. 

There were the like reasons for Mr. Clark's not fulfilling his appointment to 
the southren provinces. 

There having been reposed a certain sum of money in the hands of the trus- 
tees of New Jersey College, for the uses expressed in the minutes of last year, 
the Synod doth appoint Mr. Allen to attend upon the President, and receive 
proper receipts and certificates for said money, to be brought into the Synod 
at their next meeting. 

And whereas the Synod appointed such scholars as expect any part of the 
fund designed for the education of pious youth, to be examined by the Synod 
at their annual meeting, the Synod finding they are unable, through a multipli- 
city of business, and by reason of the absence of some that design to oSer 
themselves, to have their examination before their own body at this meeting, do 
appoint Messrs. Burr, William Tennent, Brainerd, Davenport, Treat, McKnight, 
Cummins, ajad Halt, to be a committee to meet at Princeton, the twenty-third 
day of November nest, to examine such candidates as oflPer, and determine what 
proportion of said money each shall have the ensuing year. 

The committee appointed to meet at Jamaica on the afi"air of Mr. Bostwick's 
removal, laid the minutes of their proceedings before the Synod, which were 
approved, and are as follows : 

" At a meeting of the committee of the Synod of New York, at Jamaica, 
October 29, 1755, according to appointment. Present, Messrs. President 
Burr, Samuel Sacket, Samuel Bewel, Israel Read, James Brown, Timothy 
Allen. 

*' Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

" The committee was opened by a sermon preached by Mr. Bewel, from Job 
xiv. 8. 

*' Mr. Burr chosen moderator, Mr. Allen clerk. 

"The afiair of Mr. Bostwick's removal came under consideration. The com- 
mittee having heard all the several parties concerned in that affair, had to ofi"er 
on that head, after much deliberation adjourned the further consideration of it 
till to-morrow, half an hour past eight in the morning, to which time the com- 
mittee is adjourned. Concluded with prayer. 

" 30/A day, the Committee met according to adjournment. Uhi post preces 
sederunt 

" The committee proceeded to a long deliberation on the afiair of Mr. Bost- 
wick's removal. 

" Eodem Die, seven of the clock, P. M. 

" Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, James McCrea, Charles Beatty, 
Andrew Hunter, and John Rogers, came, being prevented attending the prece- 
ding sederunts by the tempestuousness of the weather. 

" The afiair of Mr. Bostwick's removal from Jamaica to New York reconsid- 



272 MINUTES OF THE [1750. 

ered ; and after mucli consultation, concluded to defer the furtlier consideration 
of it till to-morrow morning, at eight of the clock ; to which time the committee 
is adjourned. Concluded with prayer. 

" Blst Jai/, the Committee met according to adjournment. Uhi post preces 
sederunt. 

" The affair of Mr. Bostwick's removal, &c. reassumed. 

" The committee not having sufficient light to come to a full determination of 
that affair at this time, conclude that it be referred to the standing commission 
of the Synod of New York, to be convened by the moderator, at Princeton, on 
the second Wednesday of April next, at eleven of the clock, A. M. ; and that 
Mr. Bostwick be appointed to supply at Ncav York, the whole months of De- 
cember and January, and the two first Sabbaths of February next ; and that 
the Presbytery of New York provide a constant supply for Jamaica, during Mr. 
Bostwick's absence. And this committee recommends it to the people of Ja- 
maica, to make the necessary winter provisions for 3Ir. Bostwick's family as 
usual. Concluded with prayer." 

The commission of the Synod made report to the Synod, that they met on the 
affair of Mr. ]3ostwick's removal, referred unto them by the committee. The 
minutes of their proceedings are as follows : 

"The commission of the Synod of New York regularly called, met at 

" Frincetown, April 14, 175G. 

" Present : Messrs. the moderator, Aaron Burr, John Pierson, William Ten- 
nent, Pvichard Treat, James Davenport, John Rogers, Azariah Horton. 

" Absent : Messrs. Elihu Spencer, David Bostwick, Gilbert Tennent, Charles 
Tennent, Ebenezer Prime, James Brown, Samuel Finly. 

'•Correspondents: Messrs. Timothy Jones, Timothy Allen, Charles Mc- 
Knight, John Brainerd, Charles Beatty, Daniel Lawrence, Caleb Smith. 

" J^od preces sederunt. 

" jMr. Caleb Smith was chosen clerk. 

" The commission was opened by a sermon preached by the moderator from 
John xviii. 36. 

"The Rev. Mr. Johannes Light, a minister of the Reformed Dutch Church, 
was desired to sit as correspondent. 

" The affair of Mr. Bostwick's removal from Jamaica to New York, was 
brought before the commission by a letter from the elders and deacons of the 
Presbyterian congregation in New York, representing their continued unan- 
imity for Mr. ]Jostwick, and that the reasons for his removal to them are very 
much strengthened and increased by his labours among them the last winter, 
which appeared more fully by their commissioners, who were sent for that 
purpose. The moderator also reported to the commission, tiiat he had acci- 
dentally left at home a letter he had received from Mr. Bustwic-k, representing 
his low state of healtli, and fear that he could not attend tlie commission, and 
in case he did not, that he would acquiesce in their judgment about his removal 
to New York. 

" The commission having read the papers containing a representation of the 
state of the Presbj-terian congregation at Jamaica, and tlieir reasons against 
Mr. Bostwick's removal ; after much deliberate consideration of the inipDi-t- 
ant affair, and earnest prayer to God for direction in it, adjourned the further 
consideration of it till to-morrow morning, at eight of the clock. Concluded 
with prayer. 



1756.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 273 

" Ibth day, at eight of the clock, A. 31., the commission met. Post preces 
sederunt qui supra. 

"The Rev. Mr. David Cowell, was desired to sit as correspondent. 
• " The affair of Mr. Bostwick's removal reassumed. The commission having 
weighed the reasons for and against it with deep concern and great delibera- 
tion, considering the peculiar circumstances and great importance of New Y^ork 
congregation, how long they have been destitute ; how many fruitless attempts 
have been made to resettle the gospel among them ; the little hopes of their 
being so well united in any other person ; and especially the desirable prospect 
that appears of Mr. Bostwick's great usefulness in that place j cannot but 
judge it to be his duty to remove; and his pastoral relation to the church and 
congregation at Jamaica is dissolved for that purpose. But as the commission 
have a tender concern for the congregation of Jamaica, a great sense of their 
importance, and how their case calls for special regard, they desire the modera- 
tor, in his journey to Boston, to look out for a candidate to be sent among them, 
and appoint the said moderator to supply them one Sabbath on his return ; and 
Messrs. Simon Horton, Ebenezer Prime, and Benjamin Talmage, are appointed 
to supply at Jamaica the three Sabbaths immediately succeeding Mr. Bostwick's 
departure, of which Mr. Bostwick is appointed to give them notice. And the 
Pesbyteries of New Y'^ork and Suffolk are ordered to take special care that they 
be constantly supplied till nest Synod. The commission also considering, that 
the congregation of Jamaica will necessarily be put to charge in obtaining a 
resettlement of the gospel ministry, do earnestly recommend it to the Presby- 
terian church in New York, to exercise a Christian generosity toward the peo- 
ple of Jamaica, that they may be better enabled to settle another minister. 

" Mr. Beatty representing to the commission, that a motion had been lately 
made to him by the government of Pennsylvania, to go out as chaplain with 
their forces upon the frontiers, desired that some provision might be made for 
the supply of his pulpit. The commission accordingly appointed Abington 
Presbytery to supply four Sabbaths ; the Presbytery of New Y^ork three Sab- 
baths; the Presbytery of New Brunswick four Sabbaths; and the Presbytery 
of New Castle five Sabbaths. Concluded with prayer." 

The appointment of last Synod, for a day to be religiously observed as a 
day of fasting or thanksgiving, was complied with. 

A letter from the Synod of Philadelphia, in answer to one sent them from 
this Synod the last year, was read ; the further consideration of it was deferred 
to the next sederunt. [See page 222.] 

Upon application made to this Synod, they agreed to allow the interest of 
the money under their direction for the progagation of the gospel among the 
Indians, unto Mr. Brainerd, a missionary to the Indians, in order to assist him 
in labouring among them for this year. 

The order of the last Synod respecting a fund for ministers' widows and or- 
phans, came under consideration, but seeing no plans for that purpose have yet 
been obtained, the Synod do defer any further proceedings in that affair till the 
next meeting. 

Ordered, That the committee of overtures meet to-morrow morning at eight 
of the clock. 

Adjourned to nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

October \st, at nine of the clock, A. 31. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 
The New York Presbytery book was revised and approved. 
The consideration of the letter from the Synod of Philadelphia deferred till 
the next sederunt. 

35 



274 MINUTES OF THE [1756. 

Mr. Caleb Smith is come to the Synod, whose absence yesterday was occa- 
sioned by sickness. 

A paper was brought into the Synod from several persons belonging to the 
Presbyterian congregation of New York, setting forth some grievances they 
suppose themselves to labour under, &c. The Synod having heard said paper 
read, and what their commissioner offered to them, do refer it to Messrs. John 
Blair, Samuel Finly, Timothy Allen, and Caleb Smith, to draw up the judtr- 
ment of the Synod thereupon, and bring it in as soon as they can. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Presbytery book of Abington was revised and approved. 

An affiiir was brought into the Synod by way of reference from the Presby- 
tery of New Brunswick, in relation to Mr. McCrea's accepting the call from 
the congregation of Bedminster and parts adjacent, with whom he has laboured 
for several years past, but last fall, liberated from them by his Presbytery, by 
reason of some dissatisfactions in the congregation : the Synod, after having 
read divers papers and heard what all concerned had to offer on the head, came 
to the following conclusion, that is to say, that inasmuch as by far the greatest 
part of the congregation are united in their desires for his settlement with them, 
and it is likely to be for the hurt of the congregation, as well as of jMr. IMcCrea 
and his family, if he should remove from them ; the Synod judge that Mr. 
McCrea have liberty to accept of the call of said people if he see fit. But in case 
Mr. McCrea shall accept the call of said people, the Synod see no reason for the 
minor part of said congregation to be set off from the congregation and have sup- 
plies for themselves, or be refunded any part of the money they have expended 
in building their meeting-house, as they in their paper proposed to the Synod. 

Several supplications for supplies from vacancies in North and South Caro- 
lina, and Bladensburg in Maryland, were read, the consideration of which was 
referred to the next sederunt. 

The Synod agree that an address be prepared and presented to Lord Lowden, 
commander in chief of all his majesty's forces in North America, and they do 
appoint Messrs. Aaron Burr, Elihu Spencer, David Bostwick, and Caleb Smith, 
or some one of them, to prepare and present it in the name of this Synod on 
the first proper opportunity. 

The Synod agreed to desire Mr. Burr to favour them with a copy of his ser- 
mon preached before them at the opening of their session, in order to have it 
printed, they apprehending the publication of said sermon may be of good ser- 
vice at this season. 

The committee appointed to draw up the judgment of the Synod on the affair 
of New York, brought in the same, which after much consideration and some 
amendments, was unanimously approved and is as follows : 

A paper was presented to the Synod signed by several members of the Pres- 
byterian congregation of New York, which the Synod observe contains insult- 
ing and even threatening expressions, and insinuations of partiality and dis- 
honesty, together with several demands proposed in a very disrespectful man- 
ner, and with an air of contempt. As this conduct in professors of religion to- 
wards a judicature of Jesus Christ is insufferably arrogant, presumptuous, and 
of evil tendency, and contrary to the commands of our Lord, who luis ordered us 
to suffer no man to despise us acting properly in our own office, we judge it highly 
censurable. And though we might justly refuse to take any further notice of 
what is offered in said paper, yet as we would condescend to the weakness, 
and as far as can consist with duty, bear with the imperfections of those who 
are under our care, for the sake of their edification, we therefore inform them 



1756.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 275 

that by adopting the Westminster Confession, we only intend receiving it as 
a test of orthodoxy in this church ; and it is the order of this Synod, that all 
who are licensed to preach the gospel, or become members of any Presbytery 
in our bounds, shall receive the same as the confession of their faith, according 
to our constituting act, which we see no reason to repeal. 

That as to the singing of Dr. Watts's version of the Psalms, though the 
conduct of the congregation in their adhering to them, contrary to Synodical 
appointment, without waiting for an opportunity to obtain a repeal of said ap- 
pointment, was not regular; yet as the said Psalms are orthodox, and no par- 
ticular version is of Divine authority, and that the using them is earnestly de- 
sired by a great majority of said congregation, contrary to the view we had of 
the case the last year, the Synod, for the sake of their peace, do permit the use 
of said version unto them : and determine that this judgment shall be finally 
decisive as to this aflair. 

That they, who obstinately refuse to pay their pew rents, are to be esteemed 
as not walking orderly, and do in fact forfeit their pews, nor is it an injury 
done them by the congregation, if they are deprived of them. 

As to reading in the desk, the Synod consider it as a mere indifferency in 
itself; and as the congregation has long used this practice, which is not con- 
trary to any Divine rule, or constitution of this church, there appears no neces- 
sity of altering it by authority. 

The other particulars proposed in said paper, being already determined by 
the Synod in former sessions, we adhere to those determinations. 

Adjourned to eight of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with prayer. 

2d dai/, at eiyht of the clock, A. M. Post j^reces sederunt qui supra. 

Abington Presbytery book was revised, and is approved. 

The letter from the Philadelphia Synod came under consideration, with 
respect to which the Synod came to the following agreement, viz. 

That notwithstanding the Synod of Philadelphia have not given a satisfac- 
tory answer to the particulars contained in our letter, which were judged ne- 
cessary to be settled previous to an union ; the Synod, from an earnest desire 
of an hearty and lasting union, do comply with their proposal of a mutual con- 
ference, and accordingly appoint Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, 
Aaron Burr, James Davenport, Richard Treat, Samuel Finly, John Blair, 
Caleb Smith, Ebenezer Prime, James Brown, to be a committee to meet with 
the commission of the Synod of Philadelphia, at Trenton, the second Wednes- 
day in May next, to fix upon a proper plan of union, to be laid before each 
Synod at their next meeting. 

Application was made to the Synod by Mr. Beatty, desiring to know their 
mind with respect to his going chaplain to the forces that may be raised in the 
province of Pennsylvania, if he shall, by the government, be called to that ser- 
vice. The Synod do judge it to be his duty, and in that case do appoint their 
several Presbyteries to provide supplies for Mr. Beatty's congregation, three 
Sabbaths in four he shall be absent from them ; particularly the Presbytery of 
Abington, three Sabbaths; the Presbytery of New Brunswick, three Sabbaths; 
the Presbytery of New York, three Sabbaths ; and the Presbytery of New 
Castle, three Sabbaths'; and in case these shall not suffice, the said Presbyteries 
shall provide further supplies in like proportion until his return. 

The Synod considering what asssitance can be afi'orded by way of supply 
to the several vacancies to the southward that have applied to them, do appoint 
Mr. Duffield and Mr. Ramsey to go this fall as soon as they can; and likewise 
Mr. Brainerd and Mr. Rodgers before winter ; Mr. Hait and Mr. Whitaker in 
the spring, and to spend each four months in their journey, and supply all 
those destitute congregations as much as they can. 



276 MINUTES OF THE [1756. 

Ordered, That certificates be given to Mr. Brainerd and Mr. Kogers by the 
Synod. 

Ordered, That Mr. Samuel Finly do sign proper certificates for Messrs. 
Whitaker, Hait, Dulfield, and Ram.sey, in the name of the Synod. 

The Synod does appoint Mr. Blair to supply Mr. Ramsey's pulpit three Sab- 
baths in his absence. 

Mr. Brainerd reported that he had received of collections for New Jersey 
College : 

Of Mr. Rogers, £8 lis. 6d. ; Mr. Lawrence, £5 ; Mr. Hunter, £4 19s. Qd. 
£18 lis. Provincial currency. 

Which Mr. Brainerd is ordered to pay to the college treasurer. 

The Synod, under a sense of the present distressed and calamitous state of 
the country, do agree that they will recommend to all their congregations to 
unite in observing the last Thursday of October instant, as a day of public 
humiliation, fasting, and prayer. 

The Synod propose further to recommend to their congregations to spend 
part of the last Thursday of every month in extraordinary prayer, while the 
present mournful state of our public affairs continues. 

And they do further most earnestly recommend it to all their members, pre- 
sent and absent, to exert themselves in an extraordinary manner, in their 
several spheres of influence, for a general and thorough reformation of those 
crying abominations which seem most evidently to have kindled the anger of 
Leaven against this land. 

And that they would, in their public performances, frequently explain, and 
warmly press on their hearers the necessity of such a reformation in this day. 

The Synod taking into serious consideration the dangerous situation of the 
public at this juncture, by means of a potent, prevailing, and cruel enemy ; 
the divided state of these colonies; the abounding of profanity, luxury, infi- 
delity, error, and ignorance ; the evident suspension of spiritual influences 
from the Church, which is followed with an evident insensibility under the 
judgments as well as ordinances of God ; together with other awful aspects of 
Divine Providence ; cannot but view them as plain demonstrations of his dis- 
pleasure. We have been warned and chastised, first more gently, then more 
terribly; but not returning to him that smites us, his anger is not turned away, 
but his hand is stretched out still. Judgment yet proceeds, the prospect be- 
comes darker and darker, and all things respecting us are loudly alarming. 
When God judges he will overcome ; none have ever hardened themselves 
against him and prospered. Nothing but impiety rouses his vengeance, and 
nothing but repentance towards him, and faith towards our Lord Jesus Christ, 
can turn it away. We have not so much as the least reason to expect deliver- 
ance and safety in a way of impenitent sinning; for we are assured, if we 
walk contrary to our God, he will walk contrary to us, and will punish us yet 
seven times more for our iniquity. And as we judge that extraordinary dis- 
tresses are calls to extraordinary humiliation and acts of devotion, so we look 
on ourselves bound, not only as members of the community, but by the duty 
of our office, as those who are entrusted with the declaration of God's re- 
vealed will, to warn all who will attend unto us, and earnestly exhort them to 
prostrate themselves before his offended majesty, in the humblest manner; to 
deprecate his righteous displeasure; implore his mercy for themselves, their 
children, country, and nation, their and our rightful and gracious sovereign 
King George the second, his royal family, all officers civil and military, and 
the whole Church of God ; and solemnly endeavour sincere and thorough re- 
formation. For this purpose the Synod agree to recommend the last Thurs- 
day of this instant, to be observed as a day of public fasting and prayer, in all 
the congregations under our care. We also recommend to all the members of 



1757.] SYNOD or NEW YORK. 277 

our body, that they exert themselves in promoting a reformation from those 
evils which have evidently kindled the anger of heaven against this land ; and 
that they would frequently urge the necessity of such a reformation in this 
day. 

Signed in the name of the Synod, 

Richard Treat, Synod clerk. 

The Synod order their clerk to transcribe out of the Synod book such of 
their minutes as relate to the Presbyterian congregation in New Y'ork, and 
send them to Mr. Burr as soon as may be, in order to be transmitted to Scot- 
land if need shall require. 

Adjourned to the third Wednesday of May next, and then to meet at New 
York ; when, for many reasons, the Synod desires that their meeting may be 
as full as possible ; and should the small-pox be in New York at that time, 
the moderator is empowered to appoint it at any other place he shall judge 
proper, giving due notice. Concluded with prayer. 



1757. 

The Synod met at Maidenhead, according to appointment. 

3Iai/ ISth, 1757. V hi post preces sederunt 

Minister of Suffolk Presbytery : Mr. Ebenezer Prime. 

Ministers of New York Presbytery : Messrs. Aaron Burr, David Bostwick, 
Azariah Morton, Nathaniel Whitaker, Timothy Jones. 

Ministers of New Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. William Tennent, Thomas 
Lewis, James McCrea, Charles McKnight, Samuel Kennedy, Israel Read, 
bamuel Marker, Benjamin Halt. 

Ministers of Abington Presbytery : Messrs. Richard Treat, Charles Beatty, 
Benjamin Chesnut, Henry Marten, Daniel Lawrence, Andrew Hunter, Wil- 
liam Ramsey. 

Ministers of New Castle Presbytery : Messrs. John Rodgers, Robert Smith, 
Hugh Henry, James Finley, Samuel Finley, George Duffield. 

Elders: Jacob Ford, David Harriot, William Lynn, Stephen Pangburn, 
Abraham Larew, Robert Armer, John Charlesworth, Robert Evans, Joseph 
Peck, James Evans. 

Ministers absent, SuflPolk Presbytery: Messrs. Samuel Bewel, James Brown, 
Samuel Sacket, Eliphalet Ball, Silvanus White, Benjamin Talmage, Abner 
Reeves. ° 

New York Presbytery : Messrs. John Pierson, Simon Horton, John Brainerd, 
Timothy Allen, John Smith, Jacob Green, Elihu Spencer, Daniel Thane, Aaron 
Richards, Enos Ayres, Chancey Graham, John Moffett, Jonathan Elmore, 
Hugh Knox, John Maltby, Caleb Smith, Alexander Cumming. 

New Brunswick Presbytery : Messrs. James Davenport, Job Prudden, 
Conradus Worts. 

Abington Presbytery : Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, Nehemiah Greenman. 

New Castle Presbytery : Meesrs. John Blair, Charles Tennent, James Camp- 
bell, John Roan, Andrew Bay, John Hogg, Andrew Stirling, Moses Tuttle, 
John Harris, Hugh McAdams. 

Hanover Presbytery : Messrs. Samuel Davies, Alexander Craighead, Robert 
Henry, John Brown, John Todd, John Wright. 

Ministers in all, present and absent, seventy-three. 

Mr. Bostwick was chosen moderator for the year ensuing, Mr. Treat clerk. 

The small-pox being in New l^ork, the appointed place of this present 



278 MINUTES OF THE [1757. 

meeting, the moderator appointed the Synod to meet in this place pursuant to 
the powers committed to him by the last Synod. 

Messrs. Read, Harker, Chesnut, Robert Smith, James Finley, and Hugh 
Henry, gave the reasons of their absence the last Synod, which were sus- 
tained. 

Messrs. John Pierson, Aaron Burr, Elihu Spencer, Ebenezer Prime, James 
Brown, William Tennent, James Davenport, Gilbert Tenneut, Richard Treat, 
Charles Tennent, Samuel Finley, John Rodgers, and the moderator, are appointed 
to be the commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

There being only one Presbytery book brought, the Synod made no ap- 
pointment for the revising the same, but order that all of them be brought the 
next meeting. 

Messrs. Beatty, Rogers, James Finly, and the moderator, are appointed to 
be a committee of overtures, and for any other business the Synod shall recom- 
mend unto them. 

Such members as have complied with the Synod's order for getting collec- 
tions for the college, are ordered to pay the same to the president. 

The order of the last Synod respecting the getting of proper receipts or cer- 
tificates from the president of New Jersey college, for money deposited in the 
treasury of said college under the direction of this Synod, not being fulfilled, 
the Synod appoint Mr. William Tennent to do the same and have it ready 
against the next meeting. 

The committee appointed to meet for the examination of such candidates as 
should ofi'er themselves, to share in such money as the Synod hath to dispose 
of for the education of sound, pious, and promising students, at the college of 
New Jersey, do make report, that they met, and having laid before the Synod 
the minutes of their proceedings, they are approved and ordered to be recorded 
as follows : 

^'Princeton, Novemher 23, 175G. 

" The committee of the Synod of New York met, according to appointment, 
and opened by prayer. 

" Present : Messrs. President Burr, William Tennent, Richard Treat, James 
Davenport, Charles McKnight, Benjamin Halt. 

" Mr. Tennent moderator, Mr. Treat clerk. 

" The committee proceeded to the business assigned them by the Synod. 

''John Strain and John Carmikle offered themselves for examination as can- 
didates to receive assistance from the fund designed for the support of such 
pious youths as are of Calvinistic principles, and are unable to support them- 
selves, at the college of New Jersey. The committee, upon particular exami- 
nation, concluded they were persons of such character as were to be encouraged 
and assisted, and therefore agreed to allow unto John Strain the sum of twenty- 
four pounds, to John Carmikle the sum of twelve pounds, for this year. Con- 
cluded with prayer." 

The Synod do appoint the aforesaid committee to stand for this year also, 
and to meet at Princeton the last Wednesday of July next for the same 
purpose. 

The Synod do agree to allow Mr. Brainerd, a missionary to the Indians, the 
interest of the money under their direction for the propagation of the gospel 
among the Indians for the next year, in case the correspondents shall continue 
him in the mission. 

The aff'air of getting a fund for the support of ministers' widows and orphans, 
referred to this Synod, came under consideration, but for want of proper plans 
they could not proceed in it, and do appoint Messrs. Bostwick, Green, Jones, 



1757.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 279 

Spencer, and Caleb Smith, to prepare a plan to be laid before the next 
Synod. 

The order of the last Synod, for an address to be presented to Lord Lowden, 
for want of a proper opportunity, was not complied with. 

The appointments to the southward for supplies were not fulfilled, a d upon 
proper inquiry the reasons offered for the omission were sustained. And in 
order to supply said southward vacancies, the Synod does appoint Mr. Halt to 
take a journey thither as soon as his affairs will permit, and spend four months 
among them. The Synod does also recommend it to the Presbytery of 
New Castle to send another. The Synod also appoints the Presbytery of 
Hanover to spend one with Mr. Hait when he shall come to them. They do 
also appoint Mr. Samuel Finly to give them certificates in the name of the 
Synod. 

The committee of overtures appointed to meet at nine of the clock, to-morrow 
morning. 

The Synod adjourned to half an hour after nine. Concluded with prayer. 

19th dai/, half after nine of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui 
supra. 

The committee appointed to meet with the commission of the Synod of 
Philadelphia to confer about the union, do make report, that they met accord- 
ing to appointment ; that they found the commissioners of the Philadelphia 
Synod well disposed towards an union ; that they declared for themselves, 
and doubted not but their Synod would also readily declare, that they do not 
look upon the protest as the act of their body nor adopt it as such, and that 
there appeared also to be an agreement on both sides concerning the nature and 
right of protesting, and other things formerly proposed as necessary to an union. 
And it was further agreed on by the commissioners on both sides, that they 
would propose to their respective Synods, to have their next meeting at the 
same time and place, in order to unite, in case matters shall appear at that time 
ripe for it. 

The Synod taking into consideration the report of their committee, are 
pleased to find so desirable a prospect of an union, and do agree that their next 
meeting be in Philadelphia at the time of the meeting of the Synod of Phila- 
delphia, and propose that the commission of each Synod mert at Philadelphia 
on the Monday next before the said meeting, at ten of the clock, in order to 
prepare matters for both Synods and their happy union. And they do appoint, 
that this agreement and proposal be communicated to the Synod of Philadel- 
phia for their concurrence. 

The Synod does also appoint Messrs. Samuel and James Finley, John Blair, 
Robert Smith, and John Rodgers, to prepare a plan as the ground of the afore- 
said union, and bring it into the commission at their meeting. 

An affair was overtured to the Synod by the committee of overtures, setting 
forth that some members of the contrregation of Bedminster, under the minis- 
terial charge of Mr. McCrea, requested the Synod to re-hear their case which 
was determined at their last meeting, alleging in support of their request that 
they did not offer what they might have done at the time of trial, and especially 
with respect to Mr. McCrea, and which they suppose, if it had been done and 
considered by the Synod, might have given them another view of things, and 
produced a different judgment in said affair. 

The Synod, upon consideration of the affair, and what was at this time laid 
before them, do judge, that there is not sufficient reason offered them to re-hear 
said case, nor does the Synod suppose said people have sufiicient reason to com- 
plain of the former judgments of Presbytery and Synod, as injurious to them, 



280 MINUTES OF THE [1758. 

seeing they only were in fault in not giving all the light they could when it was 
the proper season for it, and they were by no means on the part of the Synod 
prevented thereof; nevertheless, as the Synod would not improve the mistakes 
or omissions of any people against them, they refer said people to their own 
Presbytery to judge their cause, and to right them if they find them injured by 
any former judgment, and in particular to hear and judge of such articles as 
they have to exhibit against Mr. McCrea, in case he be seasonably notified of 
them, and to grant them supplies of preaching, if regular application be made, 
and the Presbytery judge it to be proper. 

The Synod considering the present posture of public affairs, do judge they 
loudly call for humiliation and prayer, and do, therefore, recommend to all their 
members and congregations, to keep the fourth Thursday of June next as a day 
of humiliation, fasting and prayer. 

Application having been made to the Synod, by a commissioner from the con- 
gregation of Newark, for some supplies in their destitute condition, the Synod 
does appoint Mr. Treat to supply them three Sabbaths in June, and as much 
more as he can. 

The Synod does appoint the Presbytery of New York to supply Mr. Hait's 
congregation five Sabbaths, in case he fulfils his appointment to the southward. 

Adjourned to the fourth Thursday of May next, to meet at Philadelphia at 
ten of the clock. Concluded with prayer. 



1758. 

The Synod met according to appointment. 

Fhiladelphia, May the 2btJi, 1758. Vhi post preces sederunt 

Ministers : Messrs. David Bostwick, Azariah Horton, Nathaniel Whitaker, 
Daniel Thane, Aaron Richards, Caleb Smith, Abraham Kettletas, William Ten- 
nent, Thomas Lewis, Charles McKnight, Samuel Kennedy, Benjamin Hait, 
Gilbert Tennent, Piichard Treat, Charles Beatty, Benjamin Chesnut, Henry 
Marten, Daniel Lawrence, Andrew Hunter, Nehemiah Greenman, William 
Ramsey, -John Rodgers, Robert Smith, Samuel Fiuley, James Finley, George 
Duffield, .John Blair, Charles Tennent, John Roan, Moses Tuttle, John Harris, 
Samuel Davies. — 32. 

Elders : Messrs. Nathaniel Silsby, Job Brown, David Rhea, Robert Newil, 
William Norcross, Joshua Thomas, Jonathan Holmes, Henry Pierson, Thomas 
Brown, John Vandyke, Thomas Plemins, James Evans, James Cochran, Wil- 
liam McCrea, William Craighead, Hugh Hamilton, Brice Ricky, Francis Alex- 
ander. — 13. 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Ebenezer Prime, Samuel Bewel, James Brown, 
Samuel Sacket, Eliphalet Ball, Silvanus White, Benjamin Talmage, Abner 
Reeves, Timothy Jones, John I'ierson, Simon Horton, John Brainerd, Timothy 
Allen, John Smith, Jacob Green, Elihu Spencer, Enos Ayres, Chauncy Gra- 
ham, John Moffet, Jonathan Elmore, Hugh Knox, John Maltbie, Alexander 
Cummins, .Lames McCrea, Israel Road, Samuel ILarkcr, Job Prudden, Conra- 
dus Worts, Hugh Henry, James Campbel, Andrew Bay, John Hogg, Andrew 
Sterling, Hugh McAdam, Alexander Craighead, Robert Henry, James Brown, 
John Todd, .John Wright, John Marten.— 40 absent, 32 present, in all 72. 

The Synod was opened by a sermon on 2 Cor. iv. 5, by Mr. Bostwick, the 
•ast year's moderator. 

Mr. Davies was chosen moderator, Mr. Rogers clerk. 

Adjoui-ned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



1758.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 281 

Three of the dock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Messrs. Samuel Kennedy and James Finley are now come, with their elders, 
Brice Rickey and Francis Alexander. 

Messrs. Thane, Caleb Smith, Richards, Gilbert Tennent, G-reenman, Blair, 
Charles Tennent, Roan, Tuttle, Harris, and the moderator, gave reasons for 
their absence the last Synod, which were sustained. 

Mr. Piersou sent reasons for his present absence, which are sustained. 

The Rev. Aaron Burr and James Davenport are removed by death since our 
last Synod. 

Mr. James Campbell is removed out of the bounds of our Synod, since the 
last meeting. 

Messrs. John Pierson, Azariah Horton, David Bostwick, Caleb Smith, 
Ebenezer Prime, James Brown, William Tennent, Charles McKnight, Thomas 
Lewis, Gilbert Tennent, Richard Treat, Charles Beatty, Charles Tennent, 
Samuel Finley, John Blair, John Rogers, John Todd, and the moderator, are 
appointed a commission of the Synod for the year ensuing. 

Inasmuch as the moderator lives at so great a distance, and cannot call the 
commission for the ensuing year, should there be need for it, Mr. Gilbert Ten- 
nent is appointed as moderator for this purpose. 

Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, Samuel Finly, John Blair, 
Richard Treat, and the moderator, are appointed a committee of overtures, to 
meet at eight of the clock to-morrow morning. 

The Presbytery books of New York, New Castle, and New Brunswick, 
are brought. Messrs. Caleb Smith and Horton are appointed to revise the 
Presbytery book of New Brunswick ; Messrs. Robert Smith and Roan to revise 
that of New York ; and Messrs. Bostwick and Halt that of New Castle. 

The order of the last Synod, respecting the money under the direction of 
this Synod, in the treasury of New Jersey College, not being complied with, 
the said order continued. 

The Synod does moreover appoint Messrs. Samuel Kennedy, Benjamin Halt, 
and Abraham Kettletas, or any two of them, to be a committee to meet with 
the committee of the trustees of the college, to settle the accounts of the money 
which is in their treasury, at the direction of this Synod, and make report 
thereof at our next meeting. 

The Synod does also appoint that the receipts for said money to be taken 
in their name and behalf, be given to the gentlemen above mentioned, and 
that the time of their meeting be at the examination at Nassau Hall, the last 
Wednesday of July. 

The committee appointed by the last Synod for the examining the subjects 
that offer for the donations at the direction of this Synod, make report that 
they met, according to appointment. The minutes of their doings are as 
follows : 

" Princetoicn, July 29, 1757. 

" The committee appointed by the Synod for the examination of candidates 
for the fund designed for the support of pious youth at the New Jersey College, 
met according to appointment. Present, Messrs. Aaron Burr, William Ten- 
nent, and Richard Treat. 

" The committee having received satisfaction as to the piety of Curtise 

and James Leslie, and the desirable prospect of their usefulness, conclude to 
allow, out of said fund, to Curtise, ten pounds ten shillings, and to Leslie, thir- 
teen pounds, which the president is ordered to pay them, and charge the same 
to account of said fund. 
36 



282 MINUTES OF THE [1758 

" Mr. William Tennent is appointed to inquire whether said sums have been 
paid, and if not, to draw on the treasurer for them. 

" Ordered, That Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, William Tennent, Richard Treat, 
Caleb Smith, Alexander Cummins, Charles McKnight, and Benjamin Halt, be 
a committee for examining such youth as may offer themselves for the benefit 
of the above donation, and dispose the same for one year to such, and in such 
proportions as they shall judge best and meet, at the time of examination above 
mentioned." 

Upon application made, the Synod agree to allow Mr. William Tennent 
twenty pounds out of the Indian fund for payment of a schoolmaster among 
them, and other contingent expenses relating to the school. 

The committee appointed for drawing up a plan for the widows' fund, 
have not complied therewith ; their reasons were sustained. This affair further 
deferred. 

Mr. Halt has not complied with the appointment of our last, in going to the 
southward ; his reasons are sustained. 

The Presbytery of New Castle have not complied with the appointment in 
sending one of their number to the southward colonies ; their reasons are sus- 
tained. 

Adjourned to nine of the clock to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 

26/^ day, at nine of the dock, A. M. Post preccs sederunt qui svpra. 

The Brunswick Presbytery book revised, brought in, and approved. 

The appointment of a day of fasting and prayer by our last Synod was com- 
plied with. 

David Rhea, Mr. William Tennent's elder, has leave to go home. 

The committee appointed by the last Synod, for preparing a plan of union, 
fulfilled said appointment; which plan was brought into the commission of 
this Synod according to order, read, and considered. A mutual and friendly 
conference between the commission of both Synods was held, in which a com- 
mittee of both commissions was agreed upon, and aj^pointed to meet and pre- 
pare a plan, to be laid before both Synods, which being done, was brought into 
this Synod and read. 

While the said plan was under consideration, a message was sent from the 
Synod of Philadelphia, by the Ilev. Mr. McDowell, desiring the aforesaid 
committee might be appointed to meet again, to confer about any alterations 
that may be proposed by either Synod, in the plan aforesaid, which motion 
was readily complied with, and the Rev. Messrs. Samuel Finley, John Blair, 
David Bostwick, and the moderator, who were the committee of the commis- 
sion aforesaid, were appointed for this purpose. 

" Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

Three of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The New Castle Presbytery book revised, brought in, and approved. 

The New York Presbytery book revised, brought in, and approved, ex- 
cept a paragraph in page 149, in which the Synod has not light to determine. 

Application having been made to Mr. Bcatty, by Colonel Armstrong, to 
serve as chaplain to the first battalion <»f the Pennsylvania provincials for the 
ensuing campaign, he requested the advice and judgment of this Synod, with 
respect to his duty therein. The Synod do unanimously agree that it is hia 
duty to go. 

Mr. Caleb Smith, and his elder, had leave to go home. 

Adjourned till nine of the clock, to-morrow morning. Concluded with 
prayer. 



1758.] SYNOD OF NEW YORK. 283 

27/A day^ at nine of the dock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

Thomas Slemins, Mr. Robert Smith's elder, has leave to go home. As, like- 
wise, has William McCrea, Mr. Charles Tennent's elder. 

A petition was brought in, from the Society for managing the Indian Mission 
in Virginia, requesting that the interest of the money under the direction of 
this Synod, for the propagating the gospel among the Indians, may be allowed 
them for one year. The Synod, though sincerely disposed to do every thing in 
their power to favour that pious mission, yet as the interest of that money is 
already disposed of, they cannot comply with the aforesaid request. 

A supplication was brought in from Itico, Enno, and the Haw fields in North 
Carolina, for supplies, and for a candidate to be sent among them in order for 
settlement. 

As several of our members are to be absent from their respective congrega- 
tions this summer, on public aflairs, which this SjTiod approve of, the Synod 
took into consideration how to supply said congregations. And for supplies 
for Mr. Beatty's congregation, the Synod does appoint Mr. Thane the last Sab- 
bath in June, and the first in July ; Mr. Lawrence the second and third Sab- 
baths of July ; Mr. Hunter the last in July and first in August ; Mr. Rogers 
the third and fourth Sabbaths in August; Mr. Ramsey the second, third, and 
fourth Sabbaths of September; Mr. Thane the first and second Sabbaths of 
October ; that Mr. Marten and Mr. Chesnutt each supply two Sabbaths at the 
times wherein none is provided. 

The Synod does also appoint Mr. Greenman to supply one Sabbath for Mr. 
Hunter, and another for Mr. Ramsey, during their supplying for Mr. Beatty. 

The Synod does appoint the Presbytery of New York to supply Newark the 
whole of the time during Mr. Brainerd's absence from them. 

And in case Mr. Spencer shall go out as chaplain with the New York forces, 
the Synod appoints Mr. Simon Horton to supply Jamaica congregation three 
Sabbaths, and Mr. John Smith two Sabbaths, and that the Presbytery of Suf- 
folk supply seven-eighths of the remaining time of his absence. 

That since Mr. Caleb Smith is to be absent from his congregation three- 
fourths of his time for this summer, in the service of the College of New Jer- 
sey, the Synod does appoint the Presbytery of New Brunswick to assist to their 
utmost in supplying his congregation. 

Adjourned to ten of the clock on Monday morning. Concluded with prayer. 

29?A day, at ten of the clock, A. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The Synod appoints the Presbytery of New Brunswick to send a candidate 
to Itico, Enno, and the Haw fields, if possible, before the next Synod. 

It is also earnestly recommended to the Presbytery of Suffolk, to send Mr. 
Brush to those important vacancies as soon as possible ; and Mr. Bostwick is 
appointed to inform them of the same. 

Upon application made by two members of the Society in Virginia for man- 
aging the Indian Mission, setting forth the desirableness and advantage of a 
correspondence between this Synod and said society, Mr. Gilbert Tennent is 
appointed on the part of this Synod, to correspond with the secretary of said 
society in case there shall be occasion for it. 

A reference was brought into the Synod from the New Brunswick Presby- 
tery, respecting Mr. Samuel Harker, one of their members, as having imbibed 
and vented certain erroneous doctrines ; the further consideration of this affair 
deferred till the next sederunt. 

Adjourned to three of the clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 



284 MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF NEW YORK. [1758. 

• 
Three of the clock, P. M. Post preces sederunt qui supra. 

The affair of Mr. Harkcr reassumed. The Synod, after serious considera- 
tion had, do agree that, inasmuch as Mr. Harker is absent they cannot proceed 
to a reguhir determination of said affair, and do therefore appoint Messrs. Gil- 
bert Tennent, Richard Treat, Samuel Finley, and John Blair, to deal with him 
as they shall have opportunity, in such manner as shall appear to them best 
adapted for his conviction ; and refer the further determination to the next 
Synod if there shall be need ] and in the mean time, the Synod does re- 
commend it to the Presbytery of New Brunswick to take such measures as 
they shall judge best to prevent the spread and hurtful influence of those 
errors. 

The Synod having seriously and maturely considered the plan of union laid 
before them by their commission, as before mentioned, with all the alterations 
and amendments proposed on either side, do unanimously approve of it, and 
agree to it, as a plan of union between the two Synods, and do judge it to be 
their duty to unite with the Synod of Philadelphia upon the same. And this 
Synod having a message brought them from the Synod of Philadelphia, inform- 
ing of their approbation of, and agreement with, the aforesaid plan, and desire 
of union upon the same, desiring that the time and place of meeting in one 
body may be agreed upon, which was done the last sederunt, viz. at four of the 
clock this afternoon, in this house. And the time appointed for this meeting 
being come, and all other business being finished, this Synod, in order to the 
union aforesaid, adjourned, sine die. Concluded with prayer. 



The preceding minutes, embracing the correspondence between the Synods of 
Philadelphia and New York, preparatory to their union, after a separation of so 
many years, will serve to show that the respective parties, while they materially 
differed on some points, important to the purity and unity of the Church, were 
agreed in their doctrinal sentiments, and in the cordial adoption of the West- 
minster Confession and Catechisms. When, therefore, time had allayed their 
excited feeling, and calm reflection led them to see their errors, and to propose 
measures for a re-union, it was comparatively easy to settle the preliminary 
terms, as no difference in doctrine intervened to defeat the arrangement. 

This union was happily effected in the year 1758, upon the basis which may 
be found on record at their first meeting as a united body. The style of the 
body from that period until the organization of the General Assembly, was 
*' The Synod of New York and Philadelphia," the minutes of which here 
follow. 



PART FOURTH. 

MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF NEW YORK AND PHILADELPHIA, 

FROM A. D. 1758 TO 1788. 

1758. 

PhiladeliMa, May 22d, 1758. 

The commissions of the Synods of Philadelphia and New York met, accord- 
ing to an agreement of both Synods the year before, and prepared a plan of 
union to be offered to the consideration of each Synod, which was done on 
Thursday following, May 25th. 

After the plan had been considered and approved in both Synods severally, 
each Synod notified this to the other, upon which. May 29, P. M. they met 
together, and chose Mr. Gilbert Tennent moderator, Mr. McDowell clerk. The 
Synod was then constituted with prayer. 

Ministers present : Messrs. Gilbert Tennent, moderator, David Bostwick, 
Abraham Kettletas, Aaron Richards, Nathaniel Whitaker, Azariah Horton, 
"William Tennent, Samuel Kennedy, Thomas Lewis, Benjamin Hait, Charles 
McKnight, David Cowel, Charles Beatty, Richard Treat, Henry Martin, Robert 
Cross, Francis Alison, Benjamin Chesnut, Andrew Hunter, Nehemiah Green- 
man, William Ramsey, Daniel Lawrence, John Harris, Moses Tuttle, John 
Miller, John Rogers, Hector Alison, Daniel Thane, Charles Tennent, William 
McKennan, Samuel Finly, James Finly, Sampson Smith, John Blair, Adam 
Boyd, Robert Smith, Joseph Tate, John Roan, George Duffield, John Steel, 
Samuel Davies, Alexander McDowell.* 

Ministers absent : Messrs. Ebenezer Prime, Samuel Bewel, James Brown, 
Samuel Sacket, Eliphalet Ball, Silvanus White, Benjamin Talmage, Abner 
Reeves, Timothy Jones, John Pierson, Simon Horton, John Brainerd, Timothy 
Allen, John Smith, Jacob Green, Elihu Spencer, Euos Ayres, Chancey Gra- 
ham, John MoiFet, Jonathan Elmore, Hugh Knox, John Darby, John Maltby, 
Alexander Cummins, James McCrea, Israel Read, Job Prudden, Conradus 
Worts, Hugh Henry, Andrew Bay, John Hogg, John Wright, Andrew Ster- 
ling, Hugh McAdam, Caleb Smith, Alexander Craighead, Robert Henry, John 
Brown, John Todd, John Martin, Samuel Black, Richard Sauchy, John Elder, 
John Craig, Alexander Miller, Samuel Thomson, Robert McMordie, George 
Gillespie, Matthew Wilson, John Guild, John Kinkead, Alexander Hutchinson. 

The plan of union agreed upon between the Synods of New York and Phila- 
delphia, at their meeting at Philadelphia, May 29th, 1758. 

The Synods of New York and Philadelphia, taking into serious consideration 
the present divided state of the Presbyterian church in this land, and being 
deeply sensible that the division of the church tends to weaken its interests, 

* There were fourteen Elders present at this meeting, but the manuscript is so muti- 
lated that only their first names appear. 

(285) 



286 MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF [1758. 

to dishonour religion, and consequently its glorious Author; to render govern- 
ment and discipline ineffectual, and finally to dissolve its very frame ; and being 
desirous to pursue such measures as may most tend to the glory of God and the 
establishment and edification of his people, do judge it to be our indispensable 
duty to study the things that make for peace, and to endeavour the healin" of 
that breach which has for some time subsisted amongst us, that so its hurtful 
consequences may not extend to posterity ; that all occasion of reproach upon 
our society may be removed, and that we may carry on the great designs of re- 
ligion to better advantage than we can do in a divided state ; and since both 
Synods continue to profess the same principles of faith, and adhere to the same 
form of worship, government, and discipline, there is the greater reason to 
endeavour the compromising those differences, which were agitated many years 
ago with too great warmth and animosity, and unite in one body. 

For which end, and that no jealousies or grounds of alienation may remain, 
and also to prevent future breaches of like nature, we agree to unite and do 
unite in one body, under the name of the Synod of New York and Philadel- 
phia, on the following plan. 

I. Both Synods having always approved and received the Westminster Con- 
fession of Faith, and Larger and Shorter Catechisms, as an orthodox and excel- 
lent system of Christian doctrine, founded on the word of God, we do still 
receive the same as the confession of our faith, and also adhere to the plan of 
■worship, government, and discipline, contained in the Westminster Directory, 
strictly enjoining it on all our members and probationers for the ministry, that 
they preach and teach according to the form of sound words in said Confession 
and Catechisms, and avoid and oppose all errors contrary thereto. 

II. That when any matter is determined by a major vote, every member 
shall either actively concur with, or passively submit to such determination; 
or, if his conscience permit him to do neither, he shall, after sufficient liberty 
modestly to reason and remonstrate, peaceably withdraw from our communion, 
without attempting to make any schism. Provided always, that this shall be 
understood to extend only to such determinations as the body shall judge indis- 
pensable in doctrine or Presbyterian government. 

III. That any member or members, for the exoneration of his or their con- 
science before God, have a right to protest against any act or procedure of our 
highest judicature, because there is no further appeal to another for redress ; 
and to require that such protestation be recorded in their minutes. And as 
such a pi-otest is a solemn appeal from the bar of said judicature, no member is 
liable to prosecution on the account of his protesting. Provided always, that 
it shall be deemed irregular and unlawful, to enter a protestation against any 
member or members, or to protest facts or accusations instead of proving them, 
unless a fair trial be refused, even by the highest judicature. And it is agreed, 
that protestations are only to be entered against the public acts, judgments, or 
determinations of the judicature with which the protester's conscience is 
offended. 

IV. As the protestation entered in the Synod of Philadelphia, Ann. Dom. 
1741, has been apprehended to have been approved and received by an act of 
said Synod, and on that account was judged a sufficient obstacle to an union; 
the said Synod declare, that they never judicially adopted the said protestation, 
nor do account it a Synodical act, but that it is to be considered as the act of 
those only who subscribed it; and therefore cannot in its nature be a valid 
objection to the union of the two Synods, especially considering that a very 
great majority of both Synods have become members, since the said protesta- 
tion was entered. 

V. That it shall be esteemed and treated as a censurable evil, to accuse any 
member of heterodoxy, insufficiency, or immorality, in a calumniating man- 



1758.] NEW YORK AND PHILADELPHIA. 287 

ner, or otherwise than by private brotherly admonition, or by a regular pro- 
cess according to our known rules of judicial trial in cases of scandal. And it 
shall be considered in the same view, if any Presbytery appoint supplies within 
the bounds of another Presbytery without their concurrence ; or if any member 
officiate in another's congregation, without asking and obtaining his consent, or 
the session's in case the minister be absent; yet it shall be esteemed unbrotherly 
for any one, in ordinary circumstances, to refuse his consent to a regular mem- 
ber when it is requested. 

VI. That no Presbytery shall license or ordain to the work of the ministry, 
any candidate, until he give them competent satisfaction as to his learning, and 
experimental acquaintance with religion, and skill in divinity and cases of con- 
science ; and declare his acceptance of the Westminster Confession and Cate- 
chisms as the confession of his faith, and promise subjection to the Presbyterian 
plan of government in the Westminster Directory. 

VII. The Synods declare it is their earnest desire, that a complete union 
may be obtained as soon as possible, and agree that the united Synod shall 
model the several Presbyteries in such manner as shall appear to them most 
expedient. Provided nevertheless, that Presbyteries, where an alteration does 
not appear to be for edification, continue in their present form. As to divided 
congregations it is agreed, that such as have settled ministers on both sides be 
allowed to continue as they are ; that where those of one side have a settled 
minister, the other being vacant, may join with the settled minister, if a ma- 
jority choose so to do ; that when both sides are vacant they shall be at liberty 
to unite together. 

VIII. As the late religious appearances occasioned much speculation and de- 
bate, the members of the New York Synod, in order to prevent any misap- 
prehensions, declare their adherence to their former sentiments in favour of 
them, that a blessed work of God's Holy Spirit in the conversion of numbers 
was then carried on ; and for the satisfaction of all concerned, this united 
Synod agree in declaring, that as all mankind are naturally dead in trespasses 
and sins an entire change of heart and life is necessary to make them meet for 
the service and enjoyment of God ; that such a change can be only effected by 
the powerful operations of the Divine Spirit; that when sinners are made 
sensible of their lost condition and absolute inability to recover themselves, 
are enlightened in the knowledge of Christ and convinced of his ability and 
willingness to save, and upon gospel encouragements do choose him for their 
Saviour, and renouncing their own righteousness in point of merit, depend 
upon his imputed righteousness for their justification before God, and on his 
wisdom and strength for guidance and support; when upon these apprehen- 
sions and exercises their souls are comforted, notwithstanding all their past 
guilt, and rejoice in God through Jesus Christ; when they hate and bewail 
their sins of heart and life, delight in the laws of God without exception, reve- 
rently and diligently attend his ordinances, become humble and self denied, 
and make it the business of their lives to please and glorify God and to do 
good to their fellow men ; this is to be acknowledged as a gracious work of 
God, even though it should be attended with unu.sual bodily commotions or 
some more exceptionable circumstances, by means of infirmity, temptations, 
or remaining corruptions; and wherever religious appearances are attended 
with the good effects above mentioned, we desire to rejoice in and thank God 
for them. 

But on the other hand, when persons seeming to be under a religious con- 
cern, imagine that they have visions of the human nature of Jesus Christ, or 
hear voices, or see external lights, or have fainting and convulsion-like fits, and 
on the account of these judge themselves to be truly converted, though the^ 
have not the Scriptural characters of a work of God above described, we believe 



288 MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF [1758 

such persons are under a dangerous delusion. And wc testify our utter disap- 
probation of such a delusion, wherever it attends any religious appearances, in 
any church or time. 

Now as both Synods are agreed in their sentiments concerning the nature of 
a work of grace, and declare their desire and purpose to promote it, diflerent 
judgments respecting particular matters of fact, ought not to prevent their 
union ; especially as many of the present members have entered into the minis- 
try since the time of the aforesaid religious appearances. 

Upon the whole, as the design of our union is the advancement of the IMedi- 
ator's kingdom ; and as the wise and faithful discharge of the ministerial func- 
tion is the principal appointed mean for that glorious end, we judge, that this 
is a proper occasion to manifest our sincere intention, unitedly to exert our- 
selves to fulfil the ministry we have received of the Lord Jesus. Accordingly, 
we unanimously declare our serious and fixed resolution, by divine aid, to take 
heed to ourselves that our hearts be upright, our discourse edifying, and our 
lives exemplary for purity and godliness ; to take heed to our doctrine, that it 
be not only orthodox but evangelical and spiritual, tending to awaken the 
secure to a suitable concern for their salvation, and to instruct and encourage 
sincere Christians ; thus commending ourselves to every man's conscience in 
the sight of God; to cultivate peace and harmony among ourselves, and 
strengthen each other's hands in promoting the knowledge of divine truth, and 
diffusing the savour of piety among our people. 

Finally, we earnestly recommend it to all under our care, that instead of 
indulging a contentious disposition, they would love each other with a pure 
heart fervently, as brethren who profess subjection to the same Lord, adhere to 
the same faith, worship, and government, and entertain the same hope of glory. 
And we desire that they would improve the present union for their mutual edi- 
fication, combine to strengthen the common interests of religion, and go hand 
in hand in the path of life; which we pray the God of all grace would please 
to eifect, for Christ's sake. Amen. 

The Synod agree, that all former differences and disputes are laid aside and 
buried ; and that no future inquiry or vote shall be proposed in this Synod 
concerning these things ; but if any member seek a Synodical inquiry, or de- 
claration about any of the matters of our past differences, it shall be deemed a 
censurable breach of this agreement, and be refused, and he be rebuked ac- 
cordingly. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning at nine o'clock. Concluded with prayer. 

Maij 30/7«, nine o^cloch, A. M. The Si/nod met according to adjournment, 
cnid post jii'eces sedenint qui supra. 

The modelling of the several Presbyteries was taken under consideration. 

Agreed, that the Presbyteries of Suffolk and New York continue as they 
are. 

Agreed, that the Presbytery of New Brunswick continue as it is, only that 
Messrs. Cowel and Guild are added to it. 

And those three Presbyteries shall meet for the first time according to their 
several appointments made by themselves already. 

Agreed, that Messrs. Cross, Gilbert Teunent, Francis Alison, Treat, Chesnut, 
Martin, Beatty, Greenman, Hunter, Ramsey, Lawrence, and Kinkeud, be the 
Presbytery of Philadelphia, to meet for the first time on Wednesday next, at 
four o'clock in the afternoon, at the old Presbyterian church. 

Agreed, that Messrs. John Miller, Tuttle, Harris, Henry, and AYilson, be a 
Leweston Presbytery, and have the congregations in Kent on Delaware, Sus- 
sex, Worcester, Somerset, Dorset, Queen Anne's, and Kent, in Maryland, 



1758.] NEW YORK AND PHILADELPHIA. 289 

under their care, to meet first at Cool Spring on the last Tuesday of July next ; 
and that the Presbyteries of New Castle assist them in supplying their vacan- 
cies till they be further provided with settled pastors. 

Agreed, that the first and second Presbyteries of New Castle and Donnegal 
continue as they are for the present, only they shall correspond with each other 
at their meetings. 

Adjourned to three o'clock, P. M. Concluded with prayer. 

At three o'cIocTc, P. M. the Synod met, and post ])^'^^(^^ sederunt qui 
supra. 

At Mr. Thane's request, being disannexed from the Presbytery of New 
York, he is left at liberty to join either of the New Castle Presbyteries or 
Lewiston, before our next. 

Agreed, that Messrs. Craighead, Black, Craig, Miller, Davies, Todd, Henry, 
Wright, Brown, and Martin, in Virginia and southward, be the Presbytery of 
Hanover, to meet for the first time at Mr. Wright's congregation in Cumberland 
county, on the second Wednesday of July next. 

Several very earnest applications were made to the Synod by Welch peo- 
ple in different parts, representing that many among them understand not the 
English tongue, and unless they have a pastor capable of speaking in their 
own language they must live entirely destitute of ordinances ; that a certain 
Mr. John Griffith, came some years ago from Wales, with good certificates of 
his Christian knowledge and piety, though he has not had a liberal education, 
and of being there licensed to preach the gospel ; that he has preached among 
them to their great satisfaction, and therefore pray the Synod to ordain him to 
the ministry, that he may both preach and also administer the sacraments 
among them. 

Upon considering the case, the Synod find that several members have seen 
his certificates from Wales, that some have conversed with him and were 
much satisfied with his Christian knowledge and acquaintance with experi- 
mental religion ; that those of the Welch here, who testify to the Synod con- 
cerning his useful preaching and pious conduct, are known to be men of judg- 
ment and integrity ; and as the circumstances of that people are singular, and 
no other way appears in which they can enjoy ordinances, the Synod agree, 
that the said Mr. John Griffith, though he has not the measure of school 
learning usually required, and which they judge to be ordinarily requisite, be 
ordained to the work of the ministry; and appoint Messrs. Samuel Davies, 
Dr. Alison, Treat, Hunter, and Kettletas, to be a Presbytery pro re nata, to 
ordain him to-morrow at 11 o'clock. 

Ordered, That Dr. Alison and the clerk prepare reasons for a fast to be ap- 
pointed by the Synod, and for congregations employing days in joint prayer 
during the present calamities. 

Agreed, that appointments made by the several Synods and Presbyteries 
before union, which are not inconsistent therewith, be fulfilled. 

Agreed, that the commissions appointed before by the two Synods, with 
the present moderator, be together the commission of this Synod for the ensuing 
year. 

Adjourned to eight o'clock to-morrow morning, and concluded with prayer. 

t 

3Iay 31s?, the Synod met according to adjournment, and post preces sederunt 
qui supra. 

Agreed, that the several funds which were under the care of the Synods of 
Philadelphia and New York, shall be under the direction of this Synod, to be 



290 MINUTES OF THE SYNOD OF [1758. 

applied to their respective uses and designs specified in the books relating to 
these funds as heretofore. 

A case of conscience was proposed, and the consideration of it deferred till 
our next meeting. 

Agreed, That Messrs. Cross, Gilbert Tennent, Dr. Alison, and Treat, be a 
committee to correspond in the name of the Synod, with the churches of our 
persuasion in Britain and Ireland, and in these colonies and elsewhere, by 
means of proper persons in these churches, for the ensuing year. 

Ordered, That Mr. iMcDowell supply at Middleton next Sabbath. 

The Synod being informed by Mr. Cross and Dr. Alison, that the honourable 
trustees in London for the fund, raised for German emigrants, have allowed 
an annual sum to assist the Synod in maintaining a school for educating youths 
for the ministry among us, wherein some Dutch children are to be taught 
gratis, if they apply for it : Agreed, that this aifuir be left to the committee 
for correspondence for the ensuing year. 

The members appointed to be a Presbytery, pro re nata, to ordain Mr. John 
Griffith, brought in the following report : 

"■ The members appointed to be a Presbytery, pr